Cumberland Willis Posey, Jr. was an American baseball player and team owner in the Negro leagues, as well as a professional basketball player and team owner. Cumberland Jr. was born a into Western Pennsylvania's Negro elite, the son of Cumberland Willis Posey Sr. and Angelina "Anna" Stevens Posey of Homestead, adjacent to Pittsburgh. Posey senior worked on riverboats and became in 1877 the first African American licensed engineer in the United States earned the chief engineer license and title Captain. "Cap" Posey was a riverboat builder, general manager of the Dexter Coal Company, owner of the Diamond Coke and Coal Company, industrial partner of Henry Clay Frick. He was president of the Loendi Social and Literary Club for three years and president of the Pittsburgh Courier newspaper for its first fourteen years, to 1924; the family lived in a palatial Italianate mansion on the heights. Despite his commanding wealth Captain Posey still had to deal with racial discrimination, according to historian William Serrin.
In that crucible of race his son began to excel as a young athlete. In football, Cumberland Jr. was a star player and manager for semi-pro sandlot teams in the Pittsburgh area prior to 1910, including the Delaney Rifles and the Collins Tigers. Posey was the best African American basketball player of his time, playing from the early 1900s through the mid-1920s, his peers and the sporting press considered him an "All-Time Immortal". "The mystic wand of Posey ruled basketball with as much eclat as'Rasputin' dominated the Queen of all the Russias", observed the Harlem Interstate Tattler in 1929. Posey led Homestead High to the 1908 city championship, played basketball at Penn State for two years, moved to the University of Pittsburgh where he earned a pharmacy degree in 1915, formed the famous Monticello Athletic Association team that won the Colored Basketball World's Championship in 1912, he played varsity basketball for Duquesne University, under the name "Charles Cumbert", led the Dukes in scoring for three seasons through 1919.
Today he is enshrined in the Duquesne Sports Hall of Fame under his real name. During the mid-1910s, Posey formed and played for the Loendi Big Five, which became the most dominant basketball team of the Black Fives Era through the mid-1920s, winning four straight Colored Basketball World Championship titles, he retired from basketball in the late 1920s to focus on the business of baseball and on his weekly sports column in the Pittsburgh Courier, "In The Sportive Realm." He was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 2016. In baseball, Posey played with the Homestead Grays in 1911, was manager by 1916, became owner in the early 1920s. In a quarter-century running the team, he built it into one of the powerhouse franchises of black baseball, winning numerous pennants, including nine consecutively from 1937-45. In 1910, a group of Homestead steelworkers was organized into one of baseball's greatest clubs by Posey; this team, the Homestead Grays, played many locations such as Forbes Field and Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.
C. The team won eight out of nine Negro National League titles. Posey, the principal owner of the Homestead Grays, spent 35 years in baseball as a player, manager and club official, he built a strong barnstorming circuit that made the Grays a perennially powerful and profitable team, one of the best in the East. Posey began playing baseball for the semi-pro Grays in 1911, he soon ended his playing career to become business manager. He took control of the Grays in 1920 and turned them into a successful regional enterprise as an independent team; the Grays' strong identity in Pennsylvania and surrounding states enabled them to survive the depths of the Great Depression. Posey, an aggressive talent seeker with the Grays, at one time or another had over a dozen current Negro leagues Hall of Famers playing for him, he was accused of raiding other clubs' rosters, enticing their best players to join his team. He suffered a heavy dose of the same in the early 1930s, when he lost several stars to the well-financed Pittsburgh Crawfords.
The Grays rebounded and became a member of the second Negro National League in 1935, soon dominating the circuit. Posey's teams reeled in nine consecutive pennants from 1937-1945. Posey unwisely attempted to start the East-West League in 1932, during the Depression, but it did not last the season, he became an officer of the Negro National League, was a major force at its meetings throughout the rest of his career. He was a frequent critic of the league, both before and after joining it, in his regular sports columns for the Pittsburgh Courier, a leading black weekly newspaper. Courier sportswriter Wendell Smith once wrote of Posey: "Some may say he crushed the weak as well as the strong on the way to the top of the ladder, but no matter what his critics say, they cannot deny that he was the smartest man in Negro baseball and the most successful." He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006. He was named to the Washington Nationals Ring of Honor for his "significant contribution to the game of baseball in Washington, D.
C" as part of the Homestead Grays on August 10, 2010. He died of cancer at age 55 in Pittsburgh, his hometown of Homestead declared a school holiday in his honor the day of his funeral. Riley, James A.. "Posey, Cumberland Willis, Jr.". The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. New York: Carroll & Graf. pp. 636–38. ISBN 0-7867-0959-6. Cumberland "Cum" Posey, Personal profiles at Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. – identical to Riley, except for notice of 2006 Hall of Fame induction Serrin, William. Homestead. New York
In baseball, a no-hitter is a game in which a team was not able to record a single hit. Major League Baseball defines a no-hitter as a completed game in which a team that batted in at least nine innings recorded no hits. A pitcher who prevents the opposing team from achieving a hit is said to have "thrown a no-hitter"; this is a rare accomplishment for a pitcher or pitching staff: only 299 have been thrown in Major League Baseball history since 1876, an average of about two per year. In most cases in MLB, no-hitters are recorded by a single pitcher; the most recent no-hitter by a single pitcher was thrown on May 8, 2018 by James Paxton of the Seattle Mariners against the Toronto Blue Jays at Rogers Centre. The most recent combined no-hitter was thrown on May 4, 2018 by Walker Buehler, Tony Cingrani, Yimi Garcia, Adam Liberatore of the Los Angeles Dodgers against the San Diego Padres at Estadio de Béisbol Monterrey, it is possible to reach base without a hit, most by a walk, error, or being hit by a pitch.
A no-hitter in which no batters reach base at all is a much rarer feat. Because batters can reach base by means other than a hit, a pitcher can throw a no-hitter and still give up runs, lose the game, although this is uncommon and most no-hitters are shutouts. One or more runs were given up in 25 recorded no-hitters in MLB history, most by Ervin Santana of the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in a 3–1 win against the Cleveland Indians on July 27, 2011. On two occasions, a team still lost the game. On a further four occasions, a team has thrown a no-hitter for eight innings in a losing effort, but those four games are not recognized as no-hitters by Major League Baseball because the outing lasted fewer than nine innings, it is theoretically possible for opposing pitchers to throw no-hitters in the same game, although this has never happened in the majors. Two pitchers, Fred Toney and Hippo Vaughn, completed nine innings of a game on May 2, 1917 without either giving up a hit or a run. A no-hitter is defined by Major League Baseball as follows: "An official no-hit game occurs when a pitcher allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings."
This definition was specified by MLB's Committee for Statistical Accuracy in 1991, causing recognized no-hitters of fewer than nine innings or where the first hit had been allowed in extra innings to be stricken from the official record books. Games lost by the visiting team in 8½ innings but without allowing any hits do not qualify as no-hitters, as the visiting team has only pitched eight innings. Major League Baseball has recognized 299 no-hitters thrown since 1876. Two no-hitters have been thrown on the same day twice: Ted Breitenstein and Jim Hughes on April 22, 1898. Eight no-hitters were thrown by major league pitchers in the 1884 season. In the modern era, seven no-hitters were thrown in 1990, 1991, 2012, 2015; the longest period between any two no-hitters in the modern era is 3 years, 44 days between Bobby Burke on August 8, 1931, Paul "Daffy" Dean on September 21, 1934. There was a drought of 3 years, 11 months, without a no-hitter after the first National League no-hitter on July 15, 1876, pitched by George Bradley.
The most recent year without any no-hitters is 2005. The greatest span of games without a no-hitter anywhere in the Major Leagues is 6,364, between Randy Johnson's perfect game on May 18, 2004, for the Arizona Diamondbacks, Aníbal Sánchez's no-hitter on September 6, 2006, for the Florida Marlins; the previous record was a 4,015-game streak without a no-hitter from September 30, 1984, to September 19, 1986. The pitcher who holds the record for the most no-hitters is Nolan Ryan, who threw seven in his long career, his first two came two months apart, while he was with the California Angels: the first on May 15, 1973, the second on July 15. He had two more with the Angels on September 28, 1974, June 1, 1975. Ryan's fifth no-hitter with the Houston Astros on September 26, 1981, broke Sandy Koufax's previous record, his sixth and seventh no-hitters came with the Texas Rangers on June 1, 1990, May 1, 1991. When he tossed number seven at age 44, he became the oldest pitcher to throw a no-hitter. Only Ryan, Sandy Koufax, Cy Young, Bob Feller, Larry Corcoran have pitched more than two no-hitters.
Corcoran was the first pitcher to throw a second no-hitter in a career, as well as the first to throw a third. Thirty-six pitchers have thrown more than one combined no-hitters not counting. Randy Johnson has the longest gap between no-hitters: he threw a no-hitter as a member of the Seattle Mariners on June 2, 1990, a perfect game as an Arizona Diamondback on May 18, 2004; the pitcher who holds the record for the shortest time between no-hitters is Johnny Vander Meer, the only pitcher in history to throw no-hitters in consecutive starts, while playing for the Cincinnati Reds in 1938. Besides Vander Meer, Allie Reynolds, Virgil Trucks and Max Scherzer are the only other major leaguers to throw two no-hitters in the same regular season. Jim Maloney had two no-hitters under the previous rules in the 1965 season
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play with 15 teams in each league; the NL and AL were formed as separate legal entities in 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining separate entities beginning in 1903, the leagues merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000; the organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises 256 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs. With the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseball's first all-professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869; the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era. Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, survived potential downturns during the Great Depression and World War II. Shortly after the war, Jackie Robinson broke baseball's color barrier; the 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL new stadiums and artificial turf surfaces began to change the game in the 1970s and 1980s. Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, including at least one player from each team. Today, MLB is composed of 1 in Canada. Teams play 162 games each season and five teams in each league advance to a four-round postseason tournament that culminates in the World Series, a best-of-seven championship series between the two league champions that dates to 1903. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America and in several other countries throughout the world.
MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution; this document has undergone several incarnations since its creation in 1876. Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sport's umpiring crews, negotiates marketing and television contracts. MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball; this is due in large part to the 1922 U. S. Supreme Court ruling in Federal Baseball Club v. National League, which held that baseball is not interstate commerce and therefore not subject to federal antitrust law; this ruling has been weakened only in subsequent years. The weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLB's primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916.
The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner Rob Manfred. The chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives: president, chief communications officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer, chief baseball officer; the multimedia branch of MLB, based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media. This branch oversees each of the 30 teams' websites, its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, but it is under the same ownership group and revenue-sharing plan. MLB Productions is a structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media. MLB owns 67 percent of MLB Network, with the other 33 percent split between several cable operators and satellite provider DirecTV, it operates out of studios in Secaucus, New Jersey, has editorial independence from the league. In 1920, the weak National Commission, created to manage relationships between the two leagues, was replaced with the much more powerful Commissioner of Baseball, who had the power to make decisions for all of professional baseball unilaterally.
From 1901 to 1960, the American and National Leagues fielded eight teams apiece. In the 1960s, MLB expansion added eight teams, including the first non-U. S. Team. Two teams were added in the 1970s. From 1969 through 1993, each league consisted of an West Division. A third division, the Central Division, was formed in each league in 1994; until 1996, the two leagues met on the field only during the All-Star Game. Regular-season interleague play was introduced in 1997. In March 1995 two new franchises, the Arizona Diamondbacks and Tampa Bay Devil Rays, were awarded by MLB, to begin play in 1998; this addition brought the total number of franchises to 30. In early 1997, MLB decided to assign one new team to each league: Tampa Bay joined the AL and Arizona joined the NL; the original plan was to have an odd number of teams in each league, but in order for every team to be able to play daily, this would have required interleague play to be scheduled throughout the entire season. However, it
Fort Dodge, Iowa
Fort Dodge is a city in and the county seat of Webster County, United States, along the Des Moines River. The population was 25,206 in the 2010 census, an increase from 25,136 in the 2000 census. Fort Dodge is a major commercial center for Northwest Iowa, it is located on U. S. Routes 20 and 169. Fort Dodge traces its beginnings to 1850 when soldiers from the United States Army erected a fort at the junction of the Des Moines River and Lizard Creek, it was named Fort Clarke but was renamed Fort Dodge because there was another fort with the same name in Texas. It was named after Henry Dodge, a governor of Wisconsin Territory The fort was abandoned by the Army in 1853; the next year William Willams, a civilian storekeeper in Fort Dodge, purchased the land and buildings of the old fort. The town of Fort Dodge was founded in 1869. In 1872 the long and continuing history of gypsum production in Iowa started when George Ringland, Webb Vincent, Stillman T. Meservey formed the Fort Dodge Plaster Mills to mine and prepare gypsum for commercial use.
The Company constructed the first gypsum mill west of the Mississippi River, at the head of what is now known as Gypsum Creek. Fort Dodge has the nickname of "Little Chicago." Fort Dodge is located at 42°30′25″N 94°10′50″W, on the Des Moines River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.31 square miles, of which, 16.05 square miles is land and 0.26 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 25,206 people, 10,275 households, 5,850 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,570.5 inhabitants per square mile. There were 11,215 housing units at an average density of 698.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.7% White, 5.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 1.4% from other races, 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population. There were 10,275 households of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 43.1% were non-families.
36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age in the city was 36.8 years. 21.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 51.3% male and 48.7% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 25,136 people, 10,470 households, 6,376 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,726.1 people per square mile. There were 11,168 housing units at an average density of 766.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.47% White, 3.79% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.30% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.94% of the population. There were 10,470 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.1% were non-families.
33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.94. Age spread: 24.3% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $33,361, the median income for a family was $42,555. Males had a median income of $31,253 versus $23,360 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,018. About 7.7% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.2% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. The major industries of Fort Dodge are biofuels, livestock feed and limestone mining, can production, drywall manufacturing, the manufacture of veterinary pharmaceuticals and vaccines, retail.
Gypsum rock is processed into drywall and plaster products at several Fort Dodge manufacturing facilities. Drywall was patented by a Fort Dodge resident, the gypsum used to create the Cardiff Giant hoax of the late 19th century was mined at Fort Dodge. National Gypsum Company, Georgia Pacific Corporation, Celotex Corporation,- now CertainTeed corporation- and the United States Gypsum Company operate gypsum facilities in and around Fort Dodge. Fort Dodge is the home of Fort Dodge Animal Health, a major producer of pharmaceuticals and vaccines for veterinarian use; the company's headquarters were moved from Fort Dodge to Overland Park, Kansas in 1995. Two of the company's three United States manufacturing plants are located in Fort Dodge. At least three major national trucking companies are based in Fort Dodge; the city serves as a retail center for North-Central Iowa. For most of the 20th century, meatpacking was a major industry in Fort Dodge; the last two large meatpacking plants closed during the 1980s, when such companies moved their facilities closer to beef production in western states such as the Dakotas.
Talbot Merton Smith is an American former professional baseball executive who has served in high baseball operations positions—including general manager and club president—as well as the founder of a firm that advises Major League Baseball teams on salary arbitration cases. A veteran of 54 years in baseball, he most served as president of baseball operations for the Houston Astros from November 22, 1994, through November 27, 2011—completing his 35th season with the Astros over three separate terms, he is the father of baseball executive Randy Smith. Tal Smith was born in Massachusetts. After attending Culver Military Academy and Duke University, serving in the United States Air Force, a brief time as a sportswriter, he began his baseball career in the front office of the Cincinnati Reds as a protégé of Gabe Paul, their general manager from 1951–1960, he moved with Paul to Houston when the Astros were founded at the close of the 1960 baseball campaign. While Paul stayed only a few months in Texas before resigning to return to Ohio as front-office boss of the Cleveland Indians, Smith remained with Houston as the team's farm system director assistant to the president.
He was promoted to player personnel after the 1965 season. When Paul surfaced as a member of George Steinbrenner's syndicate, which purchased the New York Yankees early in 1973, he hired Smith away from the Astros as executive vice president and head of the Yankees' baseball operations department. Smith spent 2½ seasons as a key part of the management team that built the Yankees back into a league power, but when the chance came to become the general manager of the Astros on August 7, 1975, Smith accepted it. Houston was in last place in the National League West Division when Smith assumed the reins, but under his leadership, the team rebuilt itself into contenders, winning its first division title in 1980. Along the way, Smith was named team president in 1976 and played a key role in resolving the club's ownership problem when he helped to convince Dr. John McMullen, a limited partner in Steinbrenner's ownership group, to sell his Yankees' shares and become the owner of the Astros. However, in a move that shocked baseball, McMullen fired Smith only days after the team's successful 1980 season.
McMullen's motive was never explained. In fact, some of the Astros limited partners threatened a lawsuit and brought about a re-organization with the result that two other directors ended up on equal footing with McMullen. Rather than seeking another front-office job, Smith formed his own consulting firm named Tal Smith Enterprises to advise MLB clubs on how best to handle salary arbitration cases with their players, his firm became successful over the next 15 years. In November 1994, Smith returned to the Astros as president of baseball operations. On August 27, 2007, Smith was named acting GM after the firing of Tim Purpura, he re-assumed his previous position upon the appointment of Ed Wade as full-time GM on September 21, 2007. Both Wade and Smith were dismissed by the team's new owner, Houston businessman Jim Crane, when he assumed control of the Astros late in November 2011. According to news reports at the time, Smith still heads Tal Smith Enterprises. Smith was a vital aide to McLane in the design of Minute Maid Park.
The ballpark's field dimensions and unique angles were designed with Smith's assistance. Until the 2017 season, center field included a 30-degree hill named "Tal's Hill" as a tribute to his creativity and contribution to the Minute Maid Park project. Smith had a similar role in the construction of the Astros' first stadium, the Astrodome, in 1963 when he was assistant to the president of the Houston Sports Association; the Astrodome changed the city of Houston. When the natural grass failed to thrive under the Astrodome's roof, Smith was responsible for finding an alternative playing surface; this led to the installation of Astroturf, a synthetic turf that became used in stadiums throughout the country. Baseball America Executive Database
Major League Baseball Game of the Week
The Major League Baseball Game of the Week is the de facto title for nationally televised coverage of regular season Major League Baseball games. The Game of the Week has traditionally aired on Saturday afternoons; when the national networks began televising national games of the week, it opened the door for a national audience to see particular clubs. While most teams were broadcast, emphasis was always on the league leaders and the major market franchises that could draw the largest audience. In 1953, ABC-TV executive Edgar J. Scherick broached a Saturday Game of the Week-TV sport's first network series. At the time, ABC was labeled a "nothing network" that had fewer outlets than CBS or NBC. ABC needed paid programming or "anything for bills" as Scherick put it. At first, ABC hesitated at the idea of a nationally televised regular season baseball program. ABC wondered how the Game of the Week would reach television in the first place and who would notice if it did? In April 1953, Edgar Scherick set out to sell teams rights but instead, only got the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox to sign on.
To make matters worse, Major League Baseball barred the Game of the Week from airing on any TV stations within 50 miles of any ballpark. Major League Baseball, according to Scherick, insisted on protecting local coverage and didn't care about national appeal. ABC though, did care about the national appeal and claimed that "most of America was still up for grabs." In 1953, ABC earned an 11.4 rating for their Game of the Week telecasts. Blacked-out cities had 32% of households. In the rest of the United States, 3 in 4 TV sets in use watched Dizzy Dean and Buddy Blattner call the games for ABC. In 1955, CBS took over the Game package, adding Sunday telecasts in 1957. NBC began its own Sunday coverage in 1957 and 1959, respectively. In 1960, ABC resumed Saturday telecasts; as ABC's Edgar Scherick observed, "In'53, no one wanted us. Now teams begged for "Game"'s cash." That year, the NFL began a US$14.1 million revenue-sharing pact. Dean and Blattner continued to call the games for CBS, with Pee Wee Reese replacing Blattner in 1960.
Gene Kirby, who'd worked with Dean and Blattner for ABC and Mutual radio contributed to the CBS telecasts as a producer and announcer. By 1965, Major League Baseball ended Game of the Week blackouts in cities with MLB clubs and other cities within fifty miles of an MLB stadium, got $6.5 million for exclusivity, split the pot. On March 17, 1965, Jackie Robinson became the first black network broadcaster for Major League Baseball. According to ABC Sports producer Chuck Howard, despite Robinson having a high, stabbing voice, great presence, sharp mind, all he lacked was time. In 1965, ABC provided the first-ever nationwide baseball coverage with weekly Saturday broadcasts on a regional basis. ABC paid $5.7 million for the rights to the 28 Saturday/holiday Games of the Week. ABC's deal covered all of the teams except the New York Yankees and Philadelphia Phillies and called for three regionalized games on Saturdays, Independence Day, Labor Day. ABC blacked out the games in the home cities of the clubs playing those games.
Chris Schenkel, Keith Jackson, Merle Harmon were the principal play-by-play announcers for ABC's coverage. In 1966, NBC the New York Yankees, who in the year before played 21 Games of the Week for CBS, joined NBC's package, as did the Philadelphia Phillies; the new package under NBC called for 28 games compared to 1960's three-network combination of 123. On October 19, 1966, NBC signed a three-year contract with Major League Baseball; the year before, NBC lost the rights to the Saturday-Sunday Game of the Week. In addition, the previous deal limited CBS to covering only 12 weekends when its new subsidiary, the New York Yankees, played at home. Under the new deal, NBC paid US$6 million per year for 25 Saturday games and prime-time contests on Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day; this brought the total value of the contract up to $30.6 million. NBC, replacing CBS, traded a circus for a seminar. Pee Wee Reese said "Curt Gowdy was its guy, didn't want Dean – too overpowering. Curt was worried about mistakes.
Diz and I just laughed." Falstaff Brewery hyped Dean as Gowdy in return said "I said,'I can't do "Wabash Cannonball." Our styles clash'"-then came Pee Wee Reese. Gowdy added by saying about the pairing between him and Reese "They figured he was fine with me, they'd still have their boy."To many, baseball meant CBS' 1955–1964 Game of the Week thoroughbred. A year NBC bought ABC's variant of a mule so to speak. "We had All-Star Game. 1966–1968's "Game" meant exclusivity," said NBC Sports head Carl Lindemann. Lindemann added by saying " Chet Simmons and liked him with the Sox and football"-also, getting two network sports for the price of one; as his analyst, Gowdy wanted his friend Ted Williams. NBC's lead sponsor, Chrysler said no when Williams, a Sears spokesman, was pictured putting stuff in a Ford truck. A black and white kinescope of a July 12, 1969 between the Philadelphia Philles and Chicago Cubs is believed to be the oldest surviving complete telecast of the Saturday afternoon Game of the Week.
The Nielsen ratings for the Game of the Week from 1966–1968 as well as the World Series fell by 10 and 19%, respectively. Only the All-Star Game nixed the growing view that baseball was too bland for a hip and
The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago, Illinois. The Cubs compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League Central division; the team plays its home games at Wrigley Field, located on the city's North Side. The Cubs are one of two major league teams in Chicago; the Cubs, first known as the White Stockings, were a founding member of the NL in 1876, becoming the Chicago Cubs in 1903. The Cubs have appeared in a total of eleven World Series; the 1906 Cubs won 116 games, finishing 116–36 and posting a modern-era record winning percentage of.763, before losing the World Series to the Chicago White Sox by four games to two. The Cubs won back-to-back World Series championships in 1907 and 1908, becoming the first major league team to play in three consecutive World Series, the first to win it twice. Most the Cubs won the 2016 National League Championship Series and 2016 World Series, which ended a 71-year National League pennant drought and a 108-year World Series championship drought, both of which are record droughts in Major League Baseball.
The 108-year drought was the longest such occurrence in all major North American sports. Since the start of divisional play in 1969, the Cubs have appeared in the postseason nine times through the 2017 season; the Cubs are known as "the North Siders", a reference to the location of Wrigley Field within the city of Chicago, in contrast to the White Sox, whose home field is located on the South Side. The Cubs have multiple rivalries. There is a divisional rivalry with the St. Louis Cardinals, a newer rivalry with the Milwaukee Brewers and an interleague rivalry with the Chicago White Sox; the Cubs began playing in 1870 as the Chicago White Stockings, joining the National League in 1876 as a charter member. Owner William Hulbert signed multiple star players, such as pitcher Albert Spalding and infielders Ross Barnes, Deacon White, Adrian "Cap" Anson, to join the team prior to the N. L.'s first season. The White Stockings played their home games at West Side Grounds and established themselves as one of the new league's top teams.
Spalding won forty-seven games and Barnes led the league in hitting at.429 as Chicago won the first National League pennant, which at the time was the game's top prize. After back-to-back pennants in 1880 and 1881, Hulbert died, Spalding, who had retired to start Spalding sporting goods, assumed ownership of the club; the White Stockings, with Anson acting as player-manager, captured their third consecutive pennant in 1882, Anson established himself as the game's first true superstar. In 1885 and'86, after winning N. L. pennants, the White Stockings met the champions of the short-lived American Association in that era's version of a World Series. Both seasons resulted in matchups with the St. Louis Brown Stockings, with the clubs tying in 1885 and with St. Louis winning in 1886; this was the genesis of what would become one of the greatest rivalries in sports. In all, the Anson-led Chicago Base Ball Club won six National League pennants between 1876 and 1886; as a result, Chicago's club nickname transitioned, by 1890 they had become known as the Chicago Colts, or sometimes "Anson's Colts", referring to Cap's influence within the club.
Anson was the first player in history credited with collecting 3,000 career hits. After a disappointing record of 59–73 and a ninth-place finish in 1897, Anson was released by the Cubs as both a player and manager. Due to Anson's absence from the club after 22 years, local newspaper reporters started to refer to the Colts as the "Orphans". After the 1900 season, the American Base-Ball League formed as a rival professional league, incidentally the club's old White Stockings nickname would be adopted by a new American League neighbor to the south. In 1902, who by this time had revamped the roster to boast what would soon be one of the best teams of the early century, sold the club to Jim Hart; the franchise was nicknamed the Cubs by the Chicago Daily News in 1902, although not becoming the Chicago Cubs until the 1907 season. During this period, which has become known as baseball's dead-ball era, Cub infielders Joe Tinker, Johnny Evers, Frank Chance were made famous as a double-play combination by Franklin P. Adams' poem Baseball's Sad Lexicon.
The poem first appeared in the July 1910 edition of the New York Evening Mail. Mordecai "Three-Finger" Brown, Jack Taylor, Ed Reulbach, Jack Pfiester, Orval Overall were several key pitchers for the Cubs during this time period. With Chance acting as player-manager from 1905 to 1912, the Cubs won four pennants and two World Series titles over a five-year span. Although they fell to the "Hitless Wonders" White Sox in the 1906 World Series, the Cubs recorded a record 116 victories and the best winning percentage in Major League history. With the same roster, Chicago won back-to-back World Series championships in 1907 and 1908, becoming the first Major League club to play three times in the Fall Classic and the first to win it twice. However, the Cubs would not win another World Series until 2016; the next season, veteran catcher Johnny Kling left the team to become a professional pocket billiards player. Some historians think Kling's absence was significant enough to prevent the Cubs from winning a third straight title in 1909, as they finished 6 games out of first place.
When Kling returned the next year, the Cubs won the pennant again, but lost to the Philadelphia Athletics in the 1910 World Series. In 1914, adver