Calvin Johnson Jr. is a former American football wide receiver, regarded as one of the greatest wide receivers of all time despite his early retirement at age 30 in 2016. A two-time All-American at Georgia Tech, Johnson was selected second overall by the Detroit Lions of the National Football League in the 2007 NFL Draft, he played for the Lions for all of his professional career. On March 14, 2012, Johnson signed an eight-year, $132 million contract extension with the Lions, one of the largest sports contracts ever. Johnson had a rare combination of size, catching ability, strength, leaping ability, body control, he was nicknamed Megatron, after a Transformers character. On December 22, 2012, Johnson broke Jerry Rice's single-season record of 1,848 receiving yards, finished the 2012 season with 1,964 yards, an average of 123 yards per game. In that same game versus the Atlanta Falcons, Johnson set the NFL records for consecutive 100-yard games and consecutive games with 10 or more receptions.
He tied Michael Irvin's record for most 100-yard games in a season with 11. Johnson was born to Arica Johnson on September 29, 1985, in Newnan, Georgia. Johnson was 6 feet tall in middle school, 6 feet 4 inches in 10th grade, he attended Sandy Creek High School in Tyrone and was a student, a letterman in football, a baseball standout. In football, he was a three-year starter as a wide receiver for the Patriots football team; as a sophomore, he made 34 receptions for 10 touchdowns. As a junior, Johnson caught 40 passes for eight touchdowns, his #81 was retired on October 22, 2010. Johnson was rated among the nation's top 10 wide receivers and top 100 players by every recruiting analyst, he was tabbed the No. 4 wide receiver and No. 15 player in the nation by TheInsiders.com, named to the Super Southern 100 by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the Rivals 100 by Rivals.com, TheInsiders.com Hot 100, the SuperPrep All-America 275, the Prep Star Top 100 Dream Team. Johnson was rated as the best player in Georgia, No. 12 in the Southeast and No. 37 in the nation by Rivals.com, the No. 7 wide receiver in the nation by SuperPrep, first-team all-state selection by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
He was tabbed to the AJC's preseason Super 11. By the time he was a junior, he was ranked as within the top 10 wide receivers and the top 100 players in the nation by every writer. Johnson attended the Georgia Institute of Technology, where he played for head coach Chan Gailey's Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets football team from 2004 to 2006. Despite Georgia Tech being interested in his playing both football and baseball, Johnson's mother refused to allow Johnson to play both sports after determining that the year-round athletic schedule would be too demanding. In his career at Georgia Tech wearing #21, Johnson made a case for being the greatest Georgia Tech player of all time. Johnson had 178 receptions in his career, good for 28 touchdowns, he ranks first in school history in career receiving yards, second in receptions, first in touchdown receptions, first in career 100-yard receiving games with 13. As a freshman in 2004, Johnson was a first-team All-Atlantic Coast Conference selection. Johnson was the Jackets' leading receiver with 48 catches for 837 yards and seven scores, which were Georgia Tech freshman records.
Johnson ended his freshman campaign against Syracuse in the 2004 Champs Sports Bowl, where he recorded a touchdown. 2005 was Johnson's sophomore year. He earned All-ACC honors for the second straight year and was a semifinalist for the Fred Biletnikoff Award, he led Tech with 54 catches for six touchdowns. Johnson entered his 2006 junior season in the running for Heisman Trophy. Although Johnson finished tenth in the Heisman voting, he won the Biletnikoff as the best college wide receiver. Johnson was honored as the ACC Player of the Year, was a first-team All-ACC selection for the third consecutive year, was recognized as a unanimous first-team All-American. Johnson tallied 1,202 yards on 76 catches. Johnson's 15 touchdowns in 2006 was a new Georgia Tech single-season record. Against the West Virginia Mountaineers in the Toyota Gator Bowl, Johnson had nine catches for 186 yards and two touchdowns, albeit in a losing effort. Georgia Tech - Receiving yards for a career – 2,927 First-team Freshman All-American 2004 All-American 2005 and 2006 First-Team All-Atlantic Coast Conference, 2004, 2005 and 2006 ACC Rookie of the Year, 2004 ACC Player of the Year, 2006 Four-time ACC Rookie of the Week Biletnikoff Award, 2006 Paul Warfield Trophy, 2006 10th place in 2006 Heisman Vote – 43 total votes Selected for induction into the College Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility During the summer of 2006, who majored in management with a background in building construction, was given the option of working on either constructing environmentally friendly luxury condos, or a project building solar latrines to improve sanitation in Bolivia.
Johnson chose the latter. The "solar latrines" use the sun's rays to safely transform bacteria-laden waste into fertilizer. Johnson was SI.com's Midseason 2007 NFL Draft Projection #1 pick, though Johnson had stated that he intended to earn his degree from Georgia Tech. On January 8, 2007, Johnson declared himself eligible for the NFL Draft, bypassing his senior season at Georgia Tech, he was regarded as the best at
The Dallas Cowboys are a professional American football team based in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The Cowboys compete in the National Football League as a member club of the league's National Football Conference East division; the team is headquartered in Frisco and plays its home games at AT&T Stadium in Arlington, which opened for the 2009 season. The stadium took its current name prior to the 2013 season; the Cowboys joined the NFL as an expansion team in 1960. The team's national following might best be represented by its NFL record of consecutive sell-outs; the Cowboys' streak of 190 consecutive sold-out regular and post-season games began in 2002. The franchise has made it to the Super Bowl eight times, tied with the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Denver Broncos for second most Super Bowl appearances in history, just behind the New England Patriots record eleven Super Bowl appearances; this has corresponded to eight NFC championships, most in the NFC. The Cowboys have won five of those Super Bowl appearances, tying them with their NFC rivals, the San Francisco 49ers.
The Cowboys are the only NFL team to record 20 straight winning seasons, in which they missed the playoffs only twice. In 2015, the Dallas Cowboys became the first sports team to be valued at $4 billion, making it the most valuable sports team in the world, according to Forbes; the Cowboys generated $620 million in revenue in 2014, a record for a U. S. sports team. In 2018 they became the first NFL franchise to be valued at $5 billion and making Forbes' list as the most valued NFL team for the 12th straight year. Prior to the formation of the Dallas Cowboys, there had not been an NFL team south of Washington, D. C. since the Dallas Texans folded in 1952. Oilman Clint Murchison Jr. had been trying to get an NFL expansion team in Dallas, but George Preston Marshall, owner of the Washington Redskins, had a monopoly in the South. Murchison had tried to purchase the Washington Redskins from Marshall in 1958. An agreement was struck, but as the deal was about to be finalized, Marshall called for a change in terms.
This infuriated. Marshall opposed any franchise for Murchison in Dallas. Since NFL expansion needed unanimous approval from team owners at that time, Marshall's position would prevent Murchison from joining the league. Marshall had a falling out with the Redskins band leader Barnee Breeskin. Breeskin had written the music to the Redskins fight song "Hail to the Redskins" and Marshall's wife had penned the lyrics. Breeskin was aware of Murchison's plight to get an NFL franchise. Angry with Marshall, Breeskin approached Murchison's attorney to sell him the rights to the song before the expansion vote in 1959. Murchison purchased "Hail to the Redskins" for $2,500. Before the vote to award franchises in 1959, Murchison revealed to Marshall that he owned the song and Marshall could not play it during games. After a few Marshall expletives, Murchison gave the rights to "Hail to the Redskins" to Marshall for his vote, the lone one against Murchison getting a franchise at that time, a rivalry was born.
From 1970 through 1979, the Cowboys won 105 regular season games, more than any other NFL franchise during that span. In addition, they appeared in 5 and won two Super Bowls, at the end of the 1971 and 1977 regular seasons. Danny White became the Cowboys' starting quarterback in 1980 after quarterback Roger Staubach retired. Despite going to 12–4 in 1980, the Cowboys came into the playoffs as a Wild Card team. In the opening round of the 1980–81 NFL playoffs they avenged their elimination from the prior year's playoffs by defeating the Rams. In the Divisional Round they squeaked by the Atlanta Falcons 30–27. For the NFC Championship they were pitted against division rival Philadelphia, the team that won the division during the regular season; the Eagles captured their first conference championship and Super Bowl berth by winning 20–7. 1981 brought another division championship for the Cowboys. They entered the 1981-82 NFL playoffs as the number 2 seed, their first game of the postseason saw them blowout and shutout Tampa Bay 38–0.
For the Conference Title game they were pitted against the number 1 seed. Despite having a late 4th quarter 27–21 lead, they would lose to the 49ers 28–27. 49ers quarterback Joe Montana led his team to an 89-yard game-winning touchdown drive connecting to Dwight Clark in a play known as The Catch. The 1982 season was shortened after a player strike. With a 6–3 record Dallas made it to the playoffs for the 8th consecutive season; as the number 2 seed for the 1982–83 NFL playoffs they eliminated the Buccaneers 30–17 in the Wild Card round and dispatched the Packers 37–26 in the Divisional round to advance to their 3rd consecutive Conference championship game. 3 times was not a charm for the Cowboys as they fell 31–17 to division rival and eventual Super Bowl XVII champions, the Redskins. For the 1983 season the Cowboys went 12–4 and made it once again to the playoffs but were defeated at home in the Wild Card by the Rams 24–17. Prior to the 1984 season, H. R. "Bum" Bright purchased the Dallas Cowboys from Clint Murchison, Jr. Dallas posted a 9–7 record that season but missed the playoffs for the first time in 10 seasons.
After going 10–6 in 1985 and winning a division title, the Cowboys were blown out in the Divisional round at home to the Rams 20–0. Hard times came for the organization as they went 7–9 in 1986, 7–8 in 1987, 3–13 in 1988. During this time period Bright became disenchanted with the team. During the savings and loan crisis, the team and Mr. Bright's saving
Super Bowl LII
Super Bowl LII was an American football game played to determine the champion of the National Football League for the 2017 season. The National Football Conference champion Philadelphia Eagles defeated the American Football Conference and defending Super Bowl LI champion New England Patriots, 41–33, to win their first Super Bowl and their first NFL title since 1960; the game was played on February 4, 2018, at U. S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota; this was the second time that a Super Bowl was played in Minneapolis, the northernmost city to host the event, after Super Bowl XXVI at the Metrodome during the 1991 season, the sixth Super Bowl held in a cold-weather city. New England finished the regular season with an AFC-best 13–3 record extended their record Super Bowl appearances to ten, their third in four years, their eighth under the leadership of head coach Bill Belichick and quarterback Tom Brady. Philadelphia finished the regular season with an NFC-best 13–3 record but entered the playoffs as underdogs after starting quarterback Carson Wentz suffered a season-ending injury late in the regular season.
Backup quarterback Nick Foles, underestimated and discredited by pregame broadcasts, was the Eagles' starting quarterback for the rest of the season. With Foles, the Eagles advanced to their third Super Bowl appearance, having lost to the Oakland Raiders in Super Bowl XV and to the Patriots in Super Bowl XXXIX. Several records were set during Super Bowl LII, including most yards gained in an NFL game by both teams combined, fewest punts from both teams in a Super Bowl, most points scored by a Super Bowl losing team; the game was settled after the Eagles converted a fumble recovery deep within Patriots territory to a field goal with 1:05 remaining to extend their lead to eight points, Brady's Hail Mary pass fell incomplete as time expired. Foles, who completed 28 of 43 pass attempts for 373 yards and three touchdowns with one interception, caught a one-yard touchdown pass on a trick play, was named Super Bowl MVP. Foles' touchdown catch became known as the Philly Special and joined NFL lore alongside his unexpected performance.
The broadcast of the game on NBC had the smallest Super Bowl audience in nine years, with an average of 103.4 million viewers. Average TV viewership for the halftime show, headlined by Justin Timberlake, was 106.6 million American television viewers, 9 percent less than the previous year. On October 8, 2013, the league announced that three venues were vying to host Super Bowl LII: U. S. Bank Stadium in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Minneapolis hosted Super Bowl XXVI in 1992 at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, torn down after the 2013 season and replaced in 2016 by U. S. Bank Stadium. Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana; the stadium hosted Super Bowl XLVI in 2012. Mercedes-Benz Superdome in New Orleans, Louisiana; the city has hosted 10 Super Bowls, including seven at the Superdome, most Super Bowl XLVII in 2013. On May 20, 2014, the league's owners picked Minneapolis at their meeting in Georgia; the NFC was represented by the number-one playoff seed Philadelphia Eagles, while the AFC was represented by the number-one playoff seed New England Patriots, marking the fourth time in the previous five years that the Super Bowl had featured the top team from each conference.
The Eagles finished the regular season with a record of 13–3, the same as New England and Pittsburgh, but the various tie-breaking provisions gave them the NFC's top seed in the 2017–18 NFL playoffs. It was a substantial improvement for the team under second-year head coach Doug Pederson. In the 2017 season, the team scored 457 points; the offense was led by Pro Bowl quarterback Carson Wentz. In just his second season, he recorded a passer rating of 101.9, throwing for 3,296 yards and 33 touchdowns, with only seven interceptions. His top target was Pro Bowl tight end Zach Ertz, who caught 74 passes for 824 yards and eight touchdowns. Other contributors were two receivers acquired from off-season free agency: Alshon Jeffery, who caught 57 passes for 789 yards and nine scores. Meanwhile, third-year receiver Nelson Agholor had the best season of his career, hauling in 62 passes for 768 yards and eight touchdowns, a higher total in each category than in his previous two seasons combined; the Eagles rushing attack benefited from two acquired players, LeGarrette Blount and Jay Ajayi.
Blount, an off-season signing who won a Super Bowl with the Patriots, gained 776 rushing yards and two touchdowns, while Ajayi, picked up by a mid-season trade with the Miami Dolphins, rushed for 873 yards and caught 24 passes for 154 yards combined with the two teams. Philadelphia had a superb offensive line, led by two Pro Bowl selections: Tackle Lane Johnson and Guard Brandon Brooks; the Eagles defense allowed the fourth-fewest yards in the league. Defensive tackle Fletcher Cox made the Pro Bowl for the third time in his career, recording 51⁄2 sacks and two fumble recoveries, he had plenty of help around him, such as former Patriots defensive end Chris Long, who had five sacks and forced four fumbles, defensive end Brandon Graham, who led the team with 91⁄2 sacks. Middle linebacker Nigel Bradham led the team in combined tackles with 88; the Eagles secondary featured Pro Bowl safety Malcolm Jenkins, who had 76 combined tackles and two interceptions, along with cornerback Patrick Robinson, who led the team with four interceptions.
Philadelphia had stormed to the top of the NFC by winning 10 of their first 12 games, but suffered a major setback on December 10, when W
Super Bowl LIII
Super Bowl LIII was an American football game between the three-time defending American Football Conference champion New England Patriots and the National Football Conference champion Los Angeles Rams to determine the champion of the National Football League for the 2018 season. The Patriots defeated the Rams by the score of 13–3, tying the Pittsburgh Steelers for the most Super Bowl championships with six; the game was played on February 3, 2019 at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, the first time the Super Bowl had been played at that stadium. It was a rematch of Super Bowl XXXVI, in which the Patriots, led by head coach Bill Belichick and quarterback Tom Brady, defeated the Rams, who played in St. Louis at the time, 20–17, won their first Super Bowl; this was the third Super Bowl in Atlanta, which hosted Super Bowl XXVIII in 1994 and Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000, both at the Georgia Dome. The Patriots had advanced to play in their third consecutive Super Bowl, their fourth in five years, their record 11th overall, ninth under the Belichick–Brady head coach–quarterback tandem.
The Patriots were only the third team overall to play in three consecutive Super Bowls, after the 1990–93 Buffalo Bills who competed in four straight from Super Bowl XXV through Super Bowl XXVIII, the 1971–73 Miami Dolphins who appeared in Super Bowl VI through Super Bowl VIII. The Patriots became the first team since the 1993 Bills to return to the Super Bowl after losing the previous one; the Rams made their fourth Super Bowl appearance in franchise history, their first appearance in the Super Bowl since moving back to Los Angeles in 2016, their first as a franchise since Super Bowl XXXVI. The game marked the first Super Bowl appearance of a team based in Los Angeles since the Raiders' victory at the end of the 1983 season and the 13th meeting in a major sports championship between the city and Greater Boston, which includes the previous fall's World Series in which the Boston Red Sox defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers and 11 NBA Finals matchups between the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers, a historic rivalry in the NBA.
Super Bowl LIII was the lowest-scoring Super Bowl in history, eclipsing the previous record of 14–7 held by Super Bowl VII, the lowest scoring NFL Championship game since the 1949 game, when the Philadelphia Eagles beat the Los Angeles Rams 14–0, the first Super Bowl with no touchdowns scored by either team in the first three quarters. The Patriots became the second winning team to score only one touchdown, tying the previous record by the New York Jets in Super Bowl III, while the Rams became only the second losing team to not score a touchdown, tying the Miami Dolphins in Super Bowl VI. Super Bowl LIII was the first since Super Bowl 50 in which neither team threw a touchdown pass; the Patriots became the first team to win the Super Bowl after losing the preceding Super Bowl since the 1972 Miami Dolphins, who won Super Bowl VII after losing Super Bowl VI, only the third overall. Patriots wide receiver Julian Edelman, who caught 10 passes for 141 yards, was named Super Bowl MVP; the broadcast of the game on CBS had the smallest Super Bowl audience in 10 years.
The halftime show was headlined by U. S. pop group Maroon 5, joined by rappers Big Travis Scott as guests. On May 19, 2015, the league announced the four finalists that would compete to host Super Bowl LIII in 2019, LIV in 2020, LV in 2021. NFL owners voted on these cities on May 24, 2016, with the first round of voting determining the host for Super Bowl LIII, the second round deciding a different site for Super Bowl LIV and the third round deciding the site for Super Bowl LV; the four finalists for Super Bowl LIII, all in the Southeastern United States, were: Mercedes-Benz Stadium, Georgia: This would be the first Super Bowl played at Mercedes-Benz Stadium after it opened in 2017. The city had hosted two Super Bowls at the Georgia Dome, with the last being Super Bowl XXXIV in 2000. Hard Rock Stadium, Miami Gardens, Florida: South Florida had hosted 10 Super Bowls, with the last being Super Bowl XLIV in 2010. Mercedes-Benz Superdome, New Orleans, Louisiana: New Orleans had hosted 10 Super Bowls, with the last being Super Bowl XLVII in 2013.
Raymond James Stadium, Florida: Tampa has hosted four Super Bowls, with the last being Super Bowl XLIII in 2009. After three votes, Atlanta was awarded Super Bowl LIII at the NFL owners' meeting on May 24, 2016; the losing candidates, except for New Orleans which removed itself from the voting for all games except Super Bowl LIII due to event conflicts in 2020 and 2021, were pitted against Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park in Inglewood, California for Super Bowl LIV and Super Bowl LV hosting rights. Miami won the rights to host Super Bowl LIV and Los Angeles won the rights to host Super Bowl LV. However, on May 23, 2017, NFL owners opted to award Super Bowl LV to Tampa and give Super Bowl LVI to Los Angeles after it was announced that Los Angeles Stadium at Hollywood Park would open in 2020 due to construction delays. New Orleans would be awarded Super Bowl LVIII; the NFL unveiled the official logo for Super Bowl LIII in February 2018. The host committee logo featured a stylized overhead rendition of Mercedes-Benz Stadium's roof.
The Patriots finished the 2018 season with an 11–5 record to earn the #2 seed in the AFC and their 17th season with at least ten wins in their 19 years under 66-year-old head coach Bill Belichick. They went on to join the Miami Dolphins and Buffalo Bills as the only teams in NFL history to reach three consecutive Super Bowls. Though the te
Bank of America Stadium
Bank of America Stadium is a 75,523-seat football stadium located on 33 acres in uptown Charlotte, North Carolina, United States. It is the home headquarters of the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League; the stadium opened in 1996 as Ericsson Stadium before Bank of America purchased the naming rights in 2004. Former Panthers president Danny Morrison called it " classic American stadium" due to its bowl design and other features. In addition to the Panthers, the stadium hosts the annual Belk Bowl, which features teams from the Atlantic Coast Conference and the Southeastern Conference, was supposed to host the annual ACC Championship Game through at least 2019; the game was moved in 2016 but reinstated in 2017. The largest crowd to attend a football game at the stadium was on September 9, 2018 when 74,532 fans watched the Panthers defeat the Dallas Cowboys 16-8; the Panthers organization considered several possible sites for the stadium's location before choosing the Charlotte center city site.
Part of the site was occupied by the historic Good Samaritan Hospital. As part of the preparation for the 2019 Equal Justice Initiative Community Remembrance Project, Charlotte historian Michael Moore determined the site was significant as the location of the city's first known lynching in 1913. One alternative was near NASCAR's Charlotte Motor Speedway and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in northeast Mecklenburg County. Another was at US 74 in western Gaston County. A popular option was to locate the facility near Carowinds amusement park, with the 50 yard line being on the state border of North Carolina and South Carolina; the stadium was known as Carolinas Stadium, a name which remains in use for certain events such as FIFA matches. It opened in 1996 as Ericsson Stadium after the Swedish telecom company LM Ericsson purchased the naming rights to the stadium in a ten-year, $25 million agreement. In 2004, the stadium received its current name after Bank of America purchased the naming rights for 20 years.
Since Bank of America acquired naming rights, many fans now refer to the stadium as either "The Bank", "The BOA", "The B of A", or "The Vault". Bank of America Stadium has many unique external features. Aspects of the stadium's architecture, such as the three huge main entrances, incorporate the team's colors of black, process blue and silver. Arches that connect column supports on the upper deck resemble the shape of half a football, while several acres of numerous trees and landscaping surround the building; the stadium's architecture and design has been compared to that of the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum and Soldier Field, among others. It's received mentions for externally resembling "a fortress" instead of a stadium; each of the stadium's entrances are flanked on both sides by two larger-than-life bronze panther statues, something unique throughout the entire NFL. These six statues are all named "Indomitable Spirit" and were installed in 1996; each one depicts a crouching, snarling panther with green eyes.
The names of the team's original PSL owners are engraved into each statue's base. Another striking feature the stadium contains are its six light domes; these are found on top of the main entrances, two per entrance, sit over a hundred feet in the air. They glowed the Panthers' unique'process blue' every night; as the seasons wore on, the emitted light became less and less impressive and the domes started showing their age. During the 2014 renovations, the domes were rebuilt with LED systems, they can now be seen again projecting process blue nightly in various ways not possible with the original technology. Additionally, the two people in the Panthers Hall of Honor, former team executive Mike McCormack and former Panthers linebacker and assistant coach Sam Mills, are honored with life-sized bronze statues outside the stadium. Before the 2014 renovations, the names of the hall of honor inductees were placed where the upper ribbon board now resides; these names were subsequently repainted onto the top rear wall behind the last row of seats.
Additionally, three marble copies of a quote about the stadium from team founder Jerry Richardson were placed near the stadium's entrances in 2014. In 2016, a statue was added in front of the stadium's north gate in celebration of Richardson's 80th birthday; the statue stands nearly 13 ft tall and features larger than life sculptures of Richardson flanked on both sides by two panthers. One panther stands on its hind legs, while the other crouches. All three sculptures have the same bronze color and both panthers have the green eyes of and physically resemble the "Indomitable Spirit" statues. In addition to hosting every Panthers home game since 1996, Bank of America Stadium has hosted seven playoff games. Carolina has had over 150 consecutive sellouts at the stadium starting with the 2002 season; the Panthers played their inaugural season at Clemson University's Memorial Stadium while the stadium was being constructed. On August 3, 1996, the stadium played host to its first professional football game as the Panthers took on the Chicago Bears during the preseason.
The inaugural kickoff was at 7:35 PM and Carolina won 30–12. The stadium's first regular season game took place on September 1, 1996 against Carolina's to-be division rival Atlanta. In 1996, on their way to their first NFC Championship Game, Carolina defeated the then-defending Super Bowl Champion Dallas Cowboys in the first playoff game the stadium hosted. Again they defeated the Cowboys on their way to Super Bowl XXXVIII in Houston in 2004. Carolina was handed their first home playoff loss, 33–13, by the Arizona Cardinal
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette known as the PG, is the largest newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, United States. It has won six Pulitzer Prizes since 1938; the Post-Gazette began its history as a four-page weekly called The Pittsburgh Gazette, first published on July 29, 1786 with the encouragement of Hugh Henry Brackenridge. It was the first newspaper published west of the Allegheny Mountains. Published by Joseph Hall and John Scull, the paper covered the start of the nation; as one of its first major articles, the Gazette published the newly adopted Constitution of the United States. In 1820, under publishers Eichbaum and Johnston and editor Morgan Neville, the name changed to Pittsburgh Gazette and Manufacturing and Mercantile Advertiser. David MacLean bought the paper in 1822, reverted to the former title. Under combative editor Neville B. Craig, whose service lasted from 1829 to 1841, the Gazette championed the Anti-Masonic movement. Craig turned the Gazette into the city's first daily paper, issued every afternoon except Sunday starting on July 30, 1833.
In 1844, shortly after absorbing the Advocate, the Gazette switched its daily issue time to morning. Its editorial stance at the time was conservative and favoring the Whig Party. By the 1850s the Gazette was credited with helping to organize a local chapter of the new Republican Party, with contributing to the election of Abraham Lincoln; the paper was one of the first to suggest tensions between North and South would erupt in war. After consolidating with the Commercial in 1877, the paper was again renamed and was known as the Commercial Gazette. In 1900, George T. Oliver acquired the paper, merging it six years with The Pittsburg Times to form The Gazette Times; the Pittsburgh Post first appeared on September 1842, as the Daily Morning Post. It had its origin in three pro-Democratic weeklies, the Mercury, Allegheny Democrat, American Manufacturer, which came together through a pair of mergers in the early 1840s; the three papers had for years engaged in bitter editorial battles with the Gazette.
Like its predecessors, the Post advocated the policies of the Democratic Party. Its political opposition to the Whig and Republican Gazette was so enduring that an eventual combination of the two rivals would have seemed unlikely; the 1920s were a time of consolidation in the long-overcrowded Pittsburgh newspaper market. In 1923, local publishers banded together to kill off the Dispatch and Leader. Four years William Randolph Hearst negotiated with the Olivers to purchase the morning Gazette Times and its evening sister, the Chronicle Telegraph, while Paul Block arranged to buy out the owner of the morning Post and evening Sun. After swapping the Sun in return for Hearst's Gazette Times, Block had both morning papers, which he combined to form the Post-Gazette. Hearst united the evening papers. Both new papers debuted on August 2, 1927. In 1960, Pittsburgh had three daily papers: the Post-Gazette in the morning, the Pittsburgh Press and the Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph in the evening and on Sunday.
The Post-Gazette moved into the Sun-Telegraph's Grant Street offices. The Post-Gazette tried to publish a Sunday paper to compete with the Sunday Press but it was not profitable. In November 1961, the Post-Gazette entered into an agreement with the Pittsburgh Press Company to combine their production and advertising sales operations; the Post-Gazette owned and operated its own news and editorial departments, but production and distribution of the paper was handled by the larger Press office. This agreement stayed in place for over 30 years; the agreement gave the Post-Gazette a new home in the Press building, a comfortable upgrade from the hated "Sun-Telly barn." Constructed for the Press in 1927 and expanded with a curtain wall in 1962, the building served as the Post-Gazette headquarters until 2015. On May 17, 1992, a strike by workers for the Press shut down publication of the Press. During the strike, the Scripps Howard company sold the Press to the Block family, owners of the Post-Gazette.
The Blocks did not resume printing the Press, when the labor issue was resolved and publishing resumed, the Post-Gazette became the city's major paper, under the full masthead name Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Sun-Telegraph/The Pittsburgh Press. The Block ownership did not take this opportunity to address labor costs, which had led to sale of the Press; this would come back to lead to financial problems. During the strike, publisher Richard Mellon Scaife expanded his paper, the Greensburg Tribune-Review, based in the county seat of adjoining Westmoreland County, where it had published for years. While maintaining the original paper in its facilities in Greensburg, he expanded it with a new Pittsburgh edition to serve the city and its suburbs. Scaife named this paper the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Scaife has invested significant amounts of capital into upgraded facilities, separate offices and newsroom on Pittsburgh's North Side and a state of the art production facility in Marshall Township north of Pittsburgh in Allegheny County.
Relations between the Post-Gazette and Tribune-Review, during its existence as a local print publication, were competitive and hostile, given Scaife's longstanding distaste for what he considered the Blocks' liberalism. On November 14, 2011, the Post-Gazette revived the Pittsburgh Press as an afternoon online newspaper. On February 12, 2014, the paper purchased a new distribution facility in suburban Findlay Township, Pennsylvania. In 2015, the paper moved into a new, sta
Gillette Stadium is a stadium located in Foxborough, Massachusetts, 28 miles southwest of downtown Boston and 20 miles northeast of downtown Providence, Rhode Island. It serves as the home stadium and administrative offices for both the New England Patriots of the National Football League and the New England Revolution of Major League Soccer. In 2012, it became the home stadium for the football program of the University of Massachusetts, while on-campus Warren McGuirk Alumni Stadium was undergoing renovations. Gillette will continue to host higher attended home games; the facility opened in 2002. The seating capacity is 65,878, including 89 luxury suites; the stadium is owned and operated by Kraft Sports Group, a subsidiary of The Kraft Group, the company through which businessman Robert Kraft owns the Patriots and Revolution. The stadium was known as CMGI Field before the naming rights were bought by Gillette after the "dot-com" bust. Although Gillette was acquired by Procter & Gamble in 2005, the stadium retains the Gillette name because P&G has continued to use the Gillette brand name and because the Gillette company was founded in the Boston area.
Gillette and the Patriots jointly announced in September 2010 that their partnership, which includes naming rights to the stadium, will extend through the 2031 season. Additionally, uBid as of 2009 continues to sponsor one of the main entrance gates to the stadium; the Town of Foxborough approved plans for the stadium's construction on December 6, 1999, work on the stadium began on March 24, 2000. The first official event was a New England Revolution soccer game on May 11, 2002; the Rolling Stones played at Gillette Stadium on September 2002 on the band's Licks Tour. Jeremiah Freed was the first band to play at the WBCN river rave on June 9, 2002 making them the first band to play Gillette Stadium. Grand opening ceremonies were held four days on September 9 when the Patriots unveiled their Super Bowl XXXVI championship banner before a Monday Night Football game against the Pittsburgh Steelers. Gillette Stadium is accessible by rail via the Providence/Stoughton and Franklin lines at the Foxboro MBTA station, but only during Patriots games and some concerts.
The Patriots have sold out every home game since moving to the stadium—preseason, regular season, playoffs. This streak dates back to the 1994 season. By September 2016 this streak was 231 straight games. From the 1971 to 2001 NFL seasons, the Patriots played all of their home games at Foxboro Stadium; the stadium was funded on an small budget and featured few amenities. Its aluminum benches would freeze over during cold-weather games and it had an unorganized dirt parking lot. Foxboro Stadium did not bring in the profits needed to keep an NFL team in New England. In 1984 team executive Chuck Sullivan funded the Victory Tour of The Jacksons, in an attempt to earn more profit for the team. Tickets sales failed and the team's debt increased further – to a final total of US$126 million. After two unsuccessful owners bought the team and stadium, it was clear that a new stadium had to be built for the team to stay in New England; this is when other cities in the New England area, including Boston and Providence became interested in building new stadiums to lure the Patriots away from Foxborough.
The first major stadium proposal from another city came in September 1993. Lowell Weicker, the Governor of Connecticut, proposed to the Connecticut General Assembly that a new stadium should be built in Hartford to attract the Patriots to move there, stating that a stadium had "potentially great benefit" if it were built; the bill passed in the State Assembly on September 27, 1993. In Massachusetts, there was a proposal to build a "Megaplex" in Boston, which would be the site of the stadium, as well as a new Fenway Park and a convention center; the proposed sites for this hybrid convention center-stadium were along Summer Street in South Boston or at the so-called Crosstown site along Melnea Cass Boulevard in Roxbury, adjacent to Boston's South End. The administration of Massachusetts Governor William Weld pushed for construction of a full "Megaplex" at the crosstown site, with then-new Boston Mayor Thomas Menino favoring construction of a new, stand-alone convention center in South Boston.
The residents of neither of these neighborhoods wanted a stadium, as a result, Menino backed out, fearing that it would affect his chance at re-election. The Fenway Park plan was cancelled after many "Save Fenway Park!" Groups popped up to save the historic ballpark. Kraft began a plan to build a new stadium in South Boston. In that plan, Kraft was to pay for the stadium himself, hoping to win the support of Weld and Menino, he began to sketch designs, but the project was leaked to the press in December 1996. The residents of South Boston objected to a stadium being built in that location, causing Menino and Weld to become angry at Kraft. Kraft abandoned all plans for a Boston Stadium after the affair. In January 1997, Kraft began talks with Providence mayor Vincent Cianci to relocate the team to Providence and build a new stadium there; the proposed 68,000-seat domed stadium would have cost $250 million, would have been paid through income taxes, public bonds, surcharges on tickets, private funds.
Residents of the neighborhood of the proposed project were opposed to the project because the surrounding area would have needed massive infrastructure improvements. The