A solemn assembly is a formal and sacred procedure in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints conducted to give added emphasis to the purpose of the occasion. Solemn assemblies are held at the dedications of temples and for specially-called meetings to provide instruction to church leaders. Solemn assemblies are held for the purpose of sustaining a new church president, who members of the LDS Church consider to be a prophet and revelator; such assemblies are held, in particular. In 1831, a year after Joseph Smith established the Church of Christ, he was instructed by revelation to "call your solemn assembly, that your fastings and your mourning might come up into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth." Solemn assemblies were held on special occasions of major religious importance in ancient Israel. The first solemn assembly connected to a temple dedication in modern times was held on March 30, 1836, as part of the dedication of the Kirtland Temple, the first temple built in the Latter-day Saint movement.
Prior to the dedication, Smith taught church members, "We must have all things prepared, call our solemn assembly as the Lord has commanded us, that we may be able to accomplish His great work, it must be done in God's own way. The House of the Lord must be prepared, the solemn assembly called and organized in it, according to the order of the House of God." The dedication of the Kirtland Temple introduced many elements of solemn assemblies connected with LDS temple dedications that are still used today, including the Hosanna Shout and the singing of "The Spirit of God Like a Fire Is Burning," a hymn written by W. W. Phelps. Solemn assemblies have been held in connection with the dedications of all temples of the LDS Church. At the first general conference after the death of a church president and the calling of his successor, the session at which the sustaining vote takes place is called a solemn assembly. During a solemn assembly sustaining, groups of church members are asked to stand in succession and sustain the new president, along with his counselors and the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
The order of the groups has been: the First Presidency, the Quorum of the Twelve, the Quorums of Seventy and Presiding Bishopric, the remaining Melchizedek priesthood holders, Aaronic priesthood holders, all church members together. In more recent solemn assemblies, female church members aged 18 and older who constitute the Relief Society and female church members aged 12 to 18 who constitute the Young Women organization have been asked to stand and vote as distinct groups as well; the order of the April 2018 Solemn Assembly to sustain Russell M. Nelson was changed slightly; the sustaining by Melchizedek Priesthood holders was followed by the Relief Society the Aaronic Priesthood, the Young Women, the church at large. After the First Presidency votes, the other groups in turn, all the members of the church together, including those who have voted are asked to stand wherever they may be at the time and vote in a single call to sustain, or oppose, the new president, along with his counselors and the Quorum of the Twelve.
Until the spring general conference of 1973, solemn assemblies included a vote for the sustaining of the Patriarch to the Church, which office was abolished in 1979. Local seventies were explicitly included as part of the Melchizedek priesthood voting group as well, until the 1986 dissolution of local quorums of seventy at the stake level; the entire procedure until had lasted a half hour, given that the voting had been done separately for each of the positions being called upon. The sustaining vote of a solemn assembly is observed by general authorities at gatherings of church members at satellite locations on Temple Square, such as the Salt Lake Tabernacle and the Assembly Hall; the voting is observed by members of stake presidencies at local meetinghouse locations around the world, observers are asked to invite those who oppose to meet with their stake president. During the solemn assembly held on April 6, 1973 at which Spencer W. Kimball was sustained as the church's 12th president, N. Eldon Tanner described the purpose and deep spiritual meaning of such occasions for church members: A solemn assembly, as the name implies, denotes a sacred and reverent occasion when the saints assemble under the direction of the First Presidency.
Solemn assemblies are used for three purposes: the dedication of temples, special instruction to priesthood leaders, sustaining a new President of the Church. This conference session today is a solemn assembly for the purpose of sustaining a newly called church president and other officers of the church; when we sustain the president of the church by our uplifted hand, it not only signifies that we acknowledge before God that he is the rightful possessor of all the priesthood keys. It is a solemn covenant. Joseph Smith and his counselors in the original First Presidency were sustained in a solemn assembly in the Kirtland Temple on March 27, 1836 and Brigham Young was sustained in a solemn assembly on December 27, 1847 in the Kanesville Tabernacle in Council Bluffs, Iowa; the first solemn assembly sustaining to take place in the Salt Lake Tabernacle was on October 10, 1880 when John Taylor was sustained as the third president of the church. Solemn assembly sustainings were held in the Salt Lake Tabernacle for the next twelve presidents of the church.
The solemn assembly sustaining for Heber J. Grant, the 7th church president, was postponed by three months because of the worldwide flu pandemic in 1918-1919. Gordon B. Hinckley, the 15th presi
Spencer W. Kimball
Spencer Woolley Kimball was an American business and religious leader, was the 12th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, from 1973 to 1985. Grandson of the LDS apostle Heber C. Kimball, Spencer was born in Utah Territory, he spent most of his early life in Thatcher, where his father, Andrew Kimball and served as the area's stake president. From 1914-1916, he served an LDS mission worked for various banks in Arizona's Gila Valley as a clerk and bank teller. Kimball co-founded a business, selling bonds and insurance that, after weathering the Great Depression, became successful, he served as a stake president in his hometown from 1938-1943, when he was called to serve as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. Like most other church apostles, Kimball traveled extensively to fill a variety of administrative and ecclesiastical duties. Early in his time as an apostle, Kimball was directed by church president George Albert Smith to spend extra time in religious and humanitarian work with Native Americans, which Kimball did throughout his life.
He initiated the Indian Placement Program, which helped many Native American students gain education in the 1960s and 1970s while they stayed with LDS foster families. In late 1973, following the sudden death of church president Harold B. Lee, Kimball became the twelfth president of the LDS Church, a position he held until his death in 1985. Kimball's presidency was noted for the 1978 revelation ending the restriction on church members of black African descent being ordained to the priesthood or receiving temple ordinances. Kimball's presidency saw large growth in the LDS Church, both in terms of membership and the number of temples. Kimball was the first church president to state publicly that the church expects all able-bodied male members to serve missions in young adulthood, resulting in an increase in missionary service. Kimball's paternal grandfather, Heber C. Kimball, was one of the original LDS apostles who were called when Joseph Smith first organized the Quorum of the Twelve in February 1835.
Kimball served as first counselor to Brigham Young in the church's First Presidency from 1847 until his death in 1868. Kimball's maternal grandfather, Edwin D. Woolley, was a prominent LDS bishop in Salt Lake City for many years, his uncle John Wickersham Woolley and his cousin Lorin Calvin Woolley were two of the founding leaders of the Mormon Fundamentalist movement. Through his aunt, Helen Mar Kimball, one of several plural wives of Joseph Smith, Kimball was a nephew of Smith. Kimball was born on March 28, 1895, in Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, to Andrew Kimball and Olive Woolley, sister of Mormon pioneer and eventual Mormon fundamentalist John W. Woolley. In 1898, when Kimball was three years old, his father was called as president of the St. Joseph Arizona Stake, his family relocated to the town of Thatcher, in Southeastern Arizona's Graham County. During his childhood, Kimball had a number of medical problems, including typhoid fever and facial paralysis, he once nearly drowned. Four of his sisters died in childhood, his mother died when he was eleven.
Though only 5 ft 6 in tall as an adult, Kimball was an avid basketball player, he was the star and leading scorer on most of his school and recreational teams. During summer holidays, he worked at a dairy in Globe, milking cows, cleaning stalls, washing bottles for $50 to $60 per month as well as room and board. Kimball graduated from high school in May 1914, one week was called to serve as a missionary in the Swiss–German Mission. Less than two months his European mission call was cut short by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and the subsequent outbreak of World War I. Kimball was reassigned to the Central States Mission and spent most of the rest of his mission in the towns and rural settlements of Missouri until 1916. Hoping to become a schoolteacher, Kimball spent one semester at the University of Arizona in the spring of 1917, but he received an army draft notice that year. During that time, he courted Camilla Eyring, a schoolteacher at Gila Academy, where Kimball had attended high school.
They began dating in August 1917 and exchanged letters after Kimball left for a semester at Brigham Young University the next month. After one month at BYU, Kimball was notified that his call into the army was imminent, he had to leave the university and return to his hometown, he returned to Arizona, but his army group was never called up for duty before World War I ended with the signing of the Armistice of 11 November 1918. Kimball and Eyring's relationship deepened and by late October they had decided to marry; because of their employment commitments and lack of money, the couple could not afford to travel to Utah to attend the nearest LDS temple. They were married in a civil ceremony in Camilla's home in Pima, Arizona on November 16, 1917. Seven months the couple made the two-day journey by train to Salt Lake City where they were sealed in the Salt Lake Temple on June 7, 1918, they had four children: Spencer L. "Spence", Olive Beth "Bobby", Andrew E. and Edward L. "Ed". In 1921, Kimball began work at the Thatcher branch of the Arizona Trust and Savings Bank, where he was promoted to assistant cashier at $225 per month, a high salary at the time.
The bank failed in 1923 in the aftermath of the Depression of 1920–21. Kimball performed a variety of other local jobs to earn extra income
KSL-TV, virtual channel 5, is an NBC-affiliated television station licensed to Salt Lake City, United States. It is the flagship television property of Bonneville International, the for-profit broadcasting arm of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. KSL-TV's studios are located at the Broadcast House building in Salt Lake City's Triad Center, its transmitter is located on Farnsworth Peak in the Oquirrh Mountains, southwest of Salt Lake City; the station has a large network of broadcast translators that extend its over-the-air coverage throughout Utah, as well as portions of Arizona, Idaho and Wyoming. It is a sister station to KSL radio; the station first signed on the air on June 1, 1949, operating from studios in the Union Pacific Building on Main Street. It was owned by the Deseret News, who owned KSL radio, it operated as a CBS affiliate, owing to its sister radio station's longtime affiliation with the CBS Radio Network. In addition to its primary CBS affiliation, the station shared ABC programming with NBC affiliate KDYL-TV.
The two stations continued to share ABC programming until KUTV signed on in September 1954 as the market's full-time ABC affiliate. The station broadcast some programming from the DuMont Television Network, during the late 1950s, the station was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network. A few months after its sign-on, KSL moved its operations to studio facilities at the Broadcast House on Social Hall Avenue. In 1952, a 370-foot transmission tower was constructed on Farnsworth Peak to improve the station's signal coverage along the Wasatch Front and into Tooele County, it began building a massive translator network that stretched across five states, now claims the largest signal coverage of any station in the United States. KSL-AM-FM-TV operated as a division of the Deseret News until 1964, when Bonneville International was formed as the parent company for the LDS Church's broadcasting holdings. Soon afterward, channel 5 began broadcasting its programming in color. In 1984, the station moved its Broadcast House facilities to the Triad Center.
In July 1994, CBS and Westinghouse Broadcasting agreed to a long-term affiliation deal that saw longtime ABC affiliate WJZ-TV in Baltimore and longtime NBC affiliates KYW-TV in Philadelphia and WBZ-TV in Boston become CBS affiliates. Westinghouse's other two stations, KDKA-TV in Pittsburgh and KPIX-TV in San Francisco, were longtime CBS affiliates; that November, NBC traded KCNC-TV, the network's owned-and-operated station at the time, to CBS in return for CBS' former O&O in Philadelphia, WCAU, as a result of a complex ownership deal between the network, Westinghouse and NBC. CBS had planned to sell WCAU to NBC as part of its plan to move its affiliation to KYW-TV, but discovered that an outright sale would incur heavy capital gains taxes and proceeds from the deal. To make the transaction a legal trade, the network swapped ownership of KCNC-TV and KUTV, along with the VHF channel 4 frequency and transmitter in Miami, to CBS in exchange for WCAU and the channel 6 frequency in Miami; the deal took effect on September 10, 1995, resulting in the first network affiliation switch in Salt Lake City since KTVX swapped affiliations with KUTV and became an ABC affiliate in 1960.
NBC sought to reaffiliate with KTVX. On January 14, 1999, a shooter entered the station's Broadcast House facility looking for a KSL-TV reporter. Anne Sleater, an employee of another company, housed in the building, AT&T Wireless Services, was shot during the incident and died from her injuries. De-Kieu Duy, a 24-year-old female, was arrested in connection with the shooting. Duy was found mentally incompetent to stand trial and is housed in the Utah State Hospital. In 2002, Bruce Christensen was named the president of KSL-TV. During the 2002 Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, KSL-TV was influential in bringing coverage and technology to NBC; the station lobbied to NBC that the ceremonies be broadcast live. In July 2010, KSL-TV entered into a local marketing agreement with independent station KJZZ-TV, after the LMA between that station and KUTV concluded after five years; the station's digital channel is multiplexed: On January 1, 2009, KSL discontinued its affiliation with NBC Weather Plus on its 5.3 subchannel due to the service's discontinuation by NBC, relaunched the subchannel as a locally compiled automated weather channel, the Live 5 Weather Channel, one of the first local digital weather subchannels in the country to be presented in 480i widescreen.
KSL-TV carried Universal Sports on its 5.2 subchannel until it began to be distributed through cable and satellite television in January 2012. On January 1, 2014, KSL replaced Live Well Network with Cozi TV on digital subchannel 5.2. KSL-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 5, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television; the station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 38, using PSIP to display KSL-TV's virtual channel as 5 on digital
The National Broadcasting Company is an American English-language commercial terrestrial television network, a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles and Philadelphia; the network is one of the Big Three television networks. NBC is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting, it became the network's official emblem in 1979. Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America, NBC is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. At that time the parent company of RCA was General Electric. In 1930, GE was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges. In 1986, control of NBC passed back to General Electric through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE, Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker.
In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast executive Steve Burke. NBC has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States and its territories, some of which are available in Canada and/or Mexico via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air. During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph. Westinghouse, a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey pioneer station WJZ, which served as the flagship for a loosely structured network; this station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA in 1923, moved to New York City. WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric, whose products included transmitters and antennas.
The Bell System, AT&T's telephone utility, was developing technologies to transmit voice- and music-grade audio over short and long distances, using both wireless and wired methods. The 1922 creation of WEAF offered a research-and-development center for those activities. WEAF maintained a regular schedule of radio programs, including some of the first commercially sponsored programs, was an immediate success. In an early example of "chain" or "networking" broadcasting, the station linked with Outlet Company-owned WJAR in Providence, Rhode Island. C. WCAP. New parent RCA saw an advantage in sharing programming, after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D. C. in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines; the early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference. In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service.
AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA in a deal that included the right to lease AT&T's phone lines for network transmission. RCA spent $1 million to purchase WEAF and Washington sister station WCAP, shut down the latter station, merged its facilities with surviving station WRC; the division's ownership was split among RCA, its founding corporate parent General Electric and Westinghouse. NBC started broadcasting on November 15, 1926. WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network" offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming. Various histories of NBC suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC engineers used to designate affiliate stations of WEAF and WJZ, or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils. On April 5, 1927, NBC expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC Orange Network known as the Pacific Coast Network.
This was followed by the debut of the NBC Gold Network known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network; the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. In 1936, the Orange Network affiliate stations became part of the Red Network, at the same time the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC White Network. In 1927, NBC moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, occupying the upper floors of a building de
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church)
In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is one of the governing bodies in the church hierarchy. Members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles are apostles, with the calling to be prophets and revelators, evangelical ambassadors, special witnesses of Jesus Christ; the quorum was first organized in 1835 and designated as a body of "traveling councilors" with jurisdiction outside areas where the church was formally organized, equal in authority to the First Presidency, the Seventy, the standing Presiding High Council, the high councils of the various stakes. The jurisdiction of the Twelve was limited to areas of the world outside Zion or its stakes. After the apostles returned from their missions to England, Joseph Smith altered the responsibilities of the quorum: it was given charge of the affairs of the church, under direction of the First Presidency; the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles claims a leadership role second only to that of the First Presidency.
At the time of the death of Joseph Smith, the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was Brigham Young. Young emphasized what he said was Smith's authorization that the Quorum of the Twelve should be the central governing body of the church after Smith's death. In 1847, the Twelve reorganized the First Presidency with Young as President, the Twelve took on a supporting role within a chain of command under the First Presidency, a role that continues to the present; the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the LDS Church has some general similarities to the College of Cardinals of the Catholic Church in its duty to choose a successor upon the death of a church president. There are differences, due in part to the President and the Twelve having life tenure, which may lead to an older or infirm President of the Church, but provides considerable training of apostles to take over the office of the Presidency. Effort is made to ensure that the organizations are united in policy; each member of the quorum is accepted by the church as an apostle, as well as a "prophet and revelator."
Thus, each apostle is considered to hold the rights to use all powers granted by God to the church. Individually and collectively, the Twelve Apostles hold the keys and have conferred the authority to exercise all of the keys upon the President of the Church. Thus, as outlined in the Doctrine and Covenants, only the President of the Church is entitled to receive revelation or dictate policy for the entire church. A major role of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is to appoint a successor when the President of the Church dies. Shortly after this occurs, the apostles meet in a room of the Salt Lake Temple to appoint a successor. Invariably the successor has been the most senior member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, with seniority determined by the longest continuous duration of service; the apostles lay their hands on his head and ordain him and set him apart as President of the Church. The president chooses two counselors in the First Presidency, who are high priests; the second most senior surviving apostle becomes the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
In cases when the President of the Quorum is called to be a counselor in the First Presidency, or is unable to serve due to health considerations, an acting president of the quorum is called in his stead to fill the position. This has invariably been the most senior member of the quorum, not a member of the First Presidency; as vacancies arise within the quorum, the Twelve and counselors in the First Presidency are invited to meet and counsel together in prayer in order to recommend names to the President of the Church as to whom will be called to fill the vacancy. The final decision rests with the President of the Church, but is formally voted on by the Twelve and the counselors in the First Presidency; the chosen man is ordained an apostle by the President of the Church, a counselor in the First Presidency, or the President of the Twelve. Depending on circumstances, this may occur before or after a sustaining vote is held at a church general conference. Any Melchizedek priesthood holder is eligible to be called as an apostle.
New apostles have considerable experience in church government and have served faithfully as bishops, stake presidents, mission presidents, or seventies. As a matter of policy, apostles are asked to retire from their professional careers and devote themselves to full-time church service, including memberships of boards and professional organizations; some apostles receive assignments to become members of boards of church-owned for-profit corporations and trustees of the church's educational institutions. The calling of an apostle is a lifetime calling; the current members of the quorum are as follows: List of members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles Presiding Bishop Regional Representative of the Twelve Twelve Apostles Prophets and Apostles Speak Today at LDS.org Official Biographies for leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Newsroom
Temple Square is a 10-acre complex, owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in the center of Salt Lake City, Utah. In recent years, the usage of the name has changed to include several other church facilities that are adjacent to Temple Square. Contained within Temple Square are the Salt Lake Temple, Salt Lake Tabernacle, Salt Lake Assembly Hall, the Seagull Monument, two visitors' centers; the square was designated a National Historic Landmark District in 1964, recognizing the Mormon achievement in the settlement of Utah. In 1847, when Mormon pioneers arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, LDS Church president Brigham Young selected a plot of the desert ground and proclaimed, "Here we will build a temple to our God." When the city was surveyed, the block enclosing that location was designated for the temple, became known as Temple Square. Temple Square is surrounded by a 15-foot wall, built shortly after the block was so designated; the square became the headquarters of the LDS Church.
Other buildings were built on the plot, including a tabernacle and Endowment House, both of which were torn down. The Salt Lake Tabernacle, home of The Tabernacle Choir at Temple Square, was built in 1867 to accommodate the church's general conferences, with a seating capacity of 8,000. Another church building, the Salt Lake Assembly Hall, was built with a seating capacity of 2,000; as the church has grown, its headquarters have expanded into the surrounding area. In 1917, an administration building was built on the block east of the temple and in 1972, the twenty-eight story LDS Church Office Building, which was, for many years, the tallest building in the state of Utah; the Hotel Utah, another building on this block, was remodeled in 1995 as additional office space and a large film theater and renamed the Joseph Smith Memorial Building. In 2000, the church purchased the section of Main Street between this block and Temple Square and connected the two blocks with a plaza called the Main Street Plaza.
In 2000, the church completed a new, 21,000 seat Conference Center on the block north of Temple Square. The Family History Library and the Church History Museum are located on the block west of Temple Square. Attracting 3 million to 5 million visitors a year, Temple Square is the most popular tourist attraction in Utah, bringing in more visitors than the Grand Canyon or Yellowstone National Park. By comparison, Utah's five National Parks—Zion, Bryce Canyon, Capitol Reef and Arches—had a combined total of 5.3 million visitors in 2005. The grounds, as well as the Gardens at Temple Square host concerts and other events. During the Christmas holiday season 100,000 Christmas lights sparkle from trees and shrubs around Temple Square each evening until 10 pm; the lighting of Temple Square is a popular event attended by more than 10,000 people. The multiple gates to Temple Square are popular places for critics of the LDS Church—mainly former members and activist evangelical ministers—to picket and hand out tracts and literature critical of the church.
They are well-known locations for street musicians to perform during the holiday season. Temple Square serves; the streets in Salt Lake follow a grid pattern which deviate out from the southeast corner of Temple Square. The Salt Lake Temple is the best-known of the 162 operating LDS temples, it is the sixth temple built by the church overall, the fourth operating temple built following the Mormon exodus from Nauvoo, Illinois. Today, Temple Square features two visitors' centers, called the North Visitors' Center and the South Visitors' Center; the North Visitors' Center was built first and features a replica of the Christus, a statue of Jesus Christ by Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen. The Christus is located in a domed room with large windows, painted with clouds, stars and other heavenly bodies; the visitors' centers and grounds are staffed by full-time sister missionaries and senior missionary couples exclusively. The sister missionaries serving on Temple Square are from around the world, speaking enough languages to cater to the majority of visitors.
Beginning with the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, the sister missionaries have been wearing tags with the national flags of their home country along with their missionary name tags. There are three large assembly buildings housed on Temple Square; the smallest of the three is the Salt Lake Assembly Hall, which seats 2,000 and is located on the southwest corner of Temple Square. The Assembly Hall is a Victorian Gothic congregation hall, with a cruciform layout of the interior, complemented by Stars of David circumscribed high above each entrance, which symbolize the gathering of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. Construction of the hall began on August 11, 1877, was completed in 1882, it is located just south of the Salt Lake Tabernacle and across from the South Visitor Center near the South Gate. Upon entering Temple Square from the south, the Assembly Hall can be seen to the left; the Assembly Hall hosts occasional free weekend music concerts and is filled as overflow for the church's twice-a-year general conferences.
The second structure is the Salt Lake Tabernacle, home of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir and Orchestra at Temple Square. The Tabernacle was built between 1864 and 1867 with an overall seating capacity of 8,000, including the choir area and gallery. In March 2007, the Tabernacle was rededicated after extensive renovations and restorations were completed. Spacing between the pews was increased, resulting
The choirs at Brigham Young University consist of four auditioned choirs: the BYU Singers, the Concert Choir, the Men's Chorus, the Women's Chorus. Each choir is accomplished and performs from an extensive repertoire. Together, the choirs have released a total of 23 albums; the choirs perform throughout the academic year. Admission into each choir is by audition, carried out in the weeks leading up to the fall semester; each ensemble requires a two-semester commitment. BYU Singers is a small, flexible group of 40 musicians. Founded in 1984 by Ronald Staheli, the choir's repertoire encompasses a range of musical eras and styles, including Renaissance through contemporary choral music, they have performed in Western and Eastern Europe, including the former Soviet Union, Jordan, Australia, New Zealand, Benin and South Africa. The group performs in concerts throughout the United States and has appeared on national television in four programs created for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. BYU Singers is the only choir to sing at all three of America's top choral conventions in the same year.
They were invited to open the ACDA Convention in Los Angeles in 2005, were one of four collegiate choirs invited to perform in San Antonio, Texas for the first conference of the National Collegiate Choral Organization in 2006. Jo-Michael Scheibe, former president of ACDA Western Division, has said of the choir, "If I had to settle on just one adjective for ensemble, it would be `stunning'! I am not alone in this opinion... group's ability to change the choral sound within the variety of musical styles was astounding. The combination of superb musicianship and flexibility produced some of the finest musical sound ACDA has heard."In April 2009, the BYU Singers attended the Cork International Choral Festival where they were awarded the PEACE Award. The PEACE Award "is awarded to a choir who touched the hearts’ of all who heard them and exemplified the intentions of the trophy’s benefactors, the P. E. A. C. E. Movement, Cork... Festival audiences are many and varied, they are represented not just by those who attend the Gala Concerts and Competitive Sessions, but by those who listen to choirs in their church visits, informal performances throughout the week of the festival."
BYU Singers has been featured on eight solo recordings, including two collections of works by Eric Whitacre, on several other recordings with the combined choirs at BYU. Singers.com has praised the group saying, "the Brigham Young University Singers present a captivating performance of vocal music...and enthralls audiences of every kind." Andrew Crane became the director of the choir following the retirement of Staheli in 2015. The BYU Concert Choir is a mixed chorus of 90 men and women; this select group performs a wide variety of choral repertoire ranging from the Renaissance to modern, all from memory. The choir was first organized in 1984 by Mack Wilberg, who has written a number of songs and arrangements for the ensemble; when Wilberg left BYU in 1999 to become an assistant conductor for the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, Rosalind Hall stepped in to conduct the Concert Choir. The choir has performed at the American Choral Directors Association convention and with the Utah Symphony; the Concert Choir performs in the de Jong Concert Hall on the BYU Campus, with an occasional trip to other local venues.
The choir has released two albums on Tantara Records: "All Creatures of Our God and King" and "Beautiful River". The latter recording, featuring "Five Hebrew Love Songs" by Eric Whitacre, has been praised by singers.com saying that it "proves to us that the is ready to take its place as one of the best mixed choirs in the world." In 2006, the Concert Choir performed the premiere of two works by Mack Wilberg: "Till All Eternity Shall Ring," and "Dances to Life." The BYU Men's Chorus, the largest collegiate male choir in the United States started in 1901 at BYU as "Male Glee". Anthony C. Lund directed the choir until the 1920s. In 1955, the Male Chorus became an official class at BYU, conducted by Ralph Woodward, until his retirement in 1984. Mack Wilberg became conductor of the ensemble in 1984, the name was changed to Men's Chorus. Men's Chorus increased its reputation and gained fame through performances on the BYU campus and on short tours, as well as through nationally broadcast videos on PBS of "A Celebration of Christmas", "A Thanksgiving of American Folk Hymns" and "Songs of Praise and Remembrance".
In 1999, Wilberg was replaced as choral director by a native of Wales. The choir has performed at the ACDA conventions, performs to sold-out audiences. Over 400 men audition for the choir yearly, with between 170 and 185 of them chosen to join the choir; the repertoire includes Latin and classical pieces, folk songs from various countries, LDS music, well-known American pieces. The choir released two albums of anthems, folk songs, hymns under the direction of Wilberg. Under the direction of Hall, the choir has released three additional albums. "Praise Him", released by Tantara Records in 2005, was a third volume of anthems, folk songs, hymns as a follow-up to the successful previous two albums. In 2008, "Live and Kicking," an album of live performance recordings of more upbeat repertoire, self-produced