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General Convention of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America

The General Convention is the primary governing and legislative body of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. With the exception of the Bible, the Book of Common Prayer, the Constitution and Canons, it is the ultimate authority in the Episcopal Church, being the bureaucratic facility through which the collegial function of the episcopate is exercised. General Convention comprises the House of Bishops, it meets once every three years. The Bishops have the right to call special meetings of General Convention. All diocesan, coadjutor and assistant bishops of the Episcopal Church, whether active or retired, have seat and vote in the House of Bishops; each diocese of the Episcopal Church, as well as the Navajoland Area Mission and the Convocation of Episcopal Churches in Europe, are entitled to representation in the House of Deputies by four clergy deputies, either presbyters or deacons, canonically resident in the diocese and four lay deputies who are confirmed communicants in good standing.

The Episcopal Church of Liberia is entitled to representation in the House of Deputies by two clergy deputies and two lay deputies, all with seat and voice but no vote. The Official Youth Presence is a group of two from each province, they have seat and voice but no vote. Resolutions must pass both houses; the convention is divided into committees. Resolutions arise from four different sources: 1) "A" resolutions from interim bodies whose work is collected in what is referred to as the "Blue Book" 2) "B" resolutions which come from Bishops 3) "C" resolutions which come from diocesan conventions and 4) "D" resolutions which originate from Deputies; each properly submitted resolution is referred to a convention committee which makes its recommendation to the House. When one house has acted on the resolution it is sent to the other house for consideration; the presiding officer of the House of Bishops is the Presiding Bishop. Both houses take part in the selection of a new Presiding Bishop; the members of the Joint Nominating Committee for the Election of the Presiding Bishop are elected from both houses.

The House of Deputies elects one clerical and one lay delegate from each province, the House of Bishops elects one bishop from every province to sit on the joint committee. When a new Presiding Bishop is to be elected, the houses meet together in a joint session, the nominating committee nominates at least three bishops. During the joint session, any deputy or bishop can nominate additional candidates; the House of Bishops elects the Presiding Bishop from among all nominees. The results of the election are reported to the House of Deputies, which votes to confirm or not to confirm the election; the presiding officers of the House of Deputies are the vice president. A treasurer is elected by the two houses at every regular meeting of General Convention; the treasurer formulates the budget of the Episcopal Church and disburses all money collected under the authority of the convention, with the approval of the Presiding Bishop invests surplus funds. If the office of treasurer becomes vacant, the Presiding Bishop and the President of the House of Deputies appoints a treasurer until a new election is held.

The treasurer of the General Convention and the Executive Council is Kurt Barnes. At each regular meeting of General Convention, the secretary of the House of Deputies is by concurrent action of both houses made the secretary of the General Convention; the secretary oversees the publishing of the Journal of the General Convention. In addition, the secretary notifies the bishops and secretaries of every diocese to actions of General Convention alterations to the Book of Common Prayer and the constitution of the Episcopal Church. If the offices of president and vice president become vacant during the triennium, the secretary performs the duties of president until the next meeting of General Convention; the Secretary is the corporate secretary of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society, the corporate body of the Episcopal Church, one of the four senior officers of the church. The Rev. Canon Dr. Michael Barlowe is the Secretary of the House of Deputies, having been appointed upon the retirement of his predecessor, the Rev. Dr. Gregory Straub in 2013.

Dr. Barlowe is the Executive Officer of the General Convention, a position filled by joint appointment of the Presiding Bishop and the President of the House of Deputies; the Executive Officer "oversees all aspects of the work of Church governance, from site selection through supervision and funding of the work mandated by the convention". He supervises the secretary and manager of the General Convention and heads the executive office of the General Convention which coordinates the work of the committees, commissions and agencies. Interim bodies, meeting in between sessions of General Convention, include the Executive Council and various standing commissions which study and draft policy proposals for consideration and report back to General Convention; each standing commission consists of three bishops, three priests or deacons, six laypersons. Priests and lay persons are not required to be deputies. Bishops are appointed by the Presiding Bishop while the other clergy and laypersons are appointed by the president of the House of Deputies.

Members are appointed to rotating terms so that the term for half of the members expires at the conclusion of each regular meeting of the General Convention. The standing commissions are: Anglican and International Peace with Justice Concerns Small Congregations Con

Henry Chapman (American politician)

Henry Chapman was an American politician from Pennsylvania who served as a Democratic member of the U. S. House of Representatives for Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district from 1857 to 1859. Henry Chapman was born in Newtown, the son of Abraham Chapman, a lawyer, Elizabeth Meredith, the daughter of a lawyer, he attended Doylestown Academy and Doctor Gummere's private boys' school near Burlington, New Jersey. He was admitted to the bar in 1825 and commenced practice in Doylestown, he served as a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate for the 6th district from 1843 to 1846. He was a judge of the fifteenth judicial district from 1845 to 1849. Chapman was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth Congress, he declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1858. He served as judge of the Bucks County Court in 1861, he retired in 1871. He died at "Frosterley," near Pennsylvania, he is interred at the Doylestown Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Pennsylvania. In 1844, he built the James-Lorah House, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.

Chapman's first wife was Rebecca Stewart. Their children were Mary Rebecca, Henry A. and Thomas Stewart. Elizabeth married the diplomat Colonel Timothy Bigelow Lawrence, son of the wealthy Abbott Lawrence. Mary Rebecca married William Robert Mercer, son of Colonel John Francis Mercer, son of former Maryland governor John Francis Mercer. Upon Lawrence's early death, the childless Elizabeth inherited and moved in with the Mercer family, lavishly supporting their children Henry Chapman Mercer who became her travelling companion. Chapman's second wife was Nancy Findlay Shunk, daughter of Governor Francis R. Shunk and Jane, who herself was the daughter of Governor William Findlay, their children were Arthur. Nancy's sister Elizabeth married Congressman Charles Brown, their children included a future state Attorney General Francis Shunk Brown; the two half-sisters and Fanny, would be the role models for Madeleine Lee and Sybil Ross in the Henry Adams novel Democracy. James Michener, who grew up as next-door neighbors to the Mercers in Doylestown, claims Elizabeth "can be taken as the prototype for many of heroines."

A similar claim has been made about Michener's novels also. United States Congress. "Henry Chapman". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard

Det Norske Luftfartsrederi

Aktieselskapet Det Norske Luftfartsrederi or DNL was Norway's first scheduled airline, founded in 1918 and operated services between Bergen and Stavanger in 1920. It operated Supermarine Channel flying boats, it was one of the seven founding members of the International Air Traffic Association, the predecessor of the International Air Transport Association. The first idea to launch a scheduled airline in Norway was put forth at a board meeting in Norsk Aero Klubb on 27 February 1918. An invitation to purchase shares for NOK 5 million was issued, by March NOK 3.3 million had been raised. The idea was presented to the public in Tidens Tegn on 2 March, where scheduled services to England and the whole coast were presented. Travel times were to be 4 hours and 30 minutes from Oslo to Copenhagen, to Bergen in 2 hours and 45 minutes, to Trondheim in 4 hours and to Kirkenes in 17 hours. A route to Stavanger to Aberdeen would be done in 30 minutes. By about 19 March, the airline had established offices in Prinsensgate in Oslo.

It had hired Wilhelm Keilhau as managing director, Gyth Dehli and Hjalmar Riiser-Larsen as technical consultants. The company had its founding meeting on 25 December 1918, but was not registered until 16 March 1920. In 1918, the company applied for a government grant of NOK 1.3 million to start a postal route between Oslo and Kristiansand, an international route from Oslo via Gothenburg to Copenhagen. The company was granted NOK 60,000 to operate a trial route between Bergen and Stavanger. On 28 August 1919, DNL was one of seven airlines which founded the International Air Traffic Association at a meeting in The Hague. DNL planned to use the island Lindøya outside Oslo as its base, applied for a 99-year lease from the Oslo Port Authority, they recommended that the application be denied, since it would interfere with ship traffic and there were negotiations with the state to purchase the island. Yet, the airline was allowed to operate temporarily from Lindøya. In Stavanger, the airline bought land off Hafrsfjord.

The company ordered three Supermarine Channel flying boats. The delivery of the planes were delayed and not until 16 August did operations commence with Friedrichshafen FF.49C planes owned and operated by A/S Aero. DNL used its ownd planes and crew. One of the aircraft crashed, but without fatalities. On one flight, a drunk passenger tried to choke the pilot Riiser-Larsen, but he managed to fight off the passenger. Operations were terminated on 15 September. Several problems were encountered, due to weather conditions, mechanical failures of the aircraft, local strikes and delivery problems, so the regularity achieved was a disappointing 94%. Most flights were made with mail only, only a total of 64 passengers were carried. Additionally the anticipated increase in freight volume did not happen, towards the end, only around 300 letters were carried per flight; the company was liquidated on 13 December 1920, although this was not completed until 5 June 1923. The owners received 72% of the share capital.

Keilhau stated in the 1950s that until the company had been the most profitable airline in Norwegian history. Nerdrum, Johan. Fugl fønix: En beretning om Det Norske Luftfartselskap. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag. ISBN 82-05-16663-3. Wisting, Tor. Oslo lufthavn Fornebu 1939–1989. TWK-forlaget. ISBN 82-90884-00-1; the first airlines in Norway Timeline of Civil Aviation in Norway Tancred Ibsen and A/S Aero

Stefan Frankowski

Stefan Frankowski was a Polish commodore, posthumously promoted to counteradmiral. An officer of surface naval ships, from 1908 to 1917 he served in the Russian Imperial Navy Navy and participated in the First World War, he joined the Polish Navy and commanded a squadron of torpedo boats, was the commander of the Polish Navy NCO School, was chief of Director Staff of Polish Navy. During the Invasion of Poland of 1939 he was a commander of Naval Coast Defence. Taken prisoner of war by the Germans, he died in captivity in 1940. Gold Cross of the Order of Virtuti Militari Officer's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta Cross of Valour Gold Cross of Merit Officer of the Legion of Honour

Military Casino of Timișoara

The Military Casino, one of the oldest buildings of Timişoara, is situated on the west side of Liberty Square, no. 7. Its construction began in 1744 and was completed in 1775; the building became a casino, although it did not start as one. At present it is ranked as a historical monument with the LMI Code TM-II –m-A-06143. After the Austrians, led by Prince Eugene of Savoy, captured the Timișoara Fortress in 1716, the Turkish fortress was destroyed; the rebuilding of the fortress began according to Austrian standards. The surface to be surrounded by walls was enlarged, while the inner, ruined Turkish buildings were demolished. A plan of the fortress with perpendicular streets was drawn up, it had two squares that became Liberty Square. Several buildings were built in Parade Square: the Town Hall and some buildings with military designation. In 1744 the construction of a house for military commander Count Soro was begun in the north-western corner. In 1746–1747 the Mosque of the Silahdar was in the southern part of the house, on the site of the present façade of the casino.

The Mosque was pulled down. In 1754 the house was expanded to the south on the surface of the former Mosque. Construction was finished in 1758. In 1775 the building was completed; the building had one floor. In 1910 others storeys were added. A hall with stained-glass windows and a terrace above were built to replace the summer terrace. In this building Otto Roth proclaimed the Banat Republic on 31 October 1918, but Aurel Cosma requested the Romanian officers to leave the casino, they went to the Kronprinz Hotel. In the period when the casino was administrated by Iuliu Illithy it was named "Grand Establisement Illithy". From 1921 it was named "The Military-Civil Casino «Prince Carol»". After World War II it was known as "The Military Casino". At present the building is known as the Military Club. In 2002 two 75 mm Reșița Model 1943 anti-tank cannons were placed in front of the terrace, but they were removed after the square was redecorated in 2015; the style of the building is Late Baroque. The double edged.

A Rococo element is the rounded corner in the northeast of the building. Since balls used to be an important part of the social life in towns at that time, the casino would house the officers’ balls in the Ball Room on the first floor


Zhlobin is a city in the Zhlobin District of Gomel Region of Belarus, on the Dnieper river. As of 2017, the population is 76,078; the city is notable for being the location. BMZ is one of the largest companies in Belarus, an important producer in the worldwide markets of steel wires and cords; the company is the main sustainer of the town's economy. In 1939, 19% of the town's population was Jewish. During World War II, Zhlobin was occupied by the German Army from 3 July 1941 until 13 July 1944; the Nazis captured the Jews and imprisoned them in 2 different ghettos, where they suffered from starvation and abuse. On April 12, 1942, 1,200 Jews were murdered in the ghettos. Scalenghe, Italy Vyksa, Russia Lianyungang, China Горад Жлобін // Information and photos Zhlobin. By: News, useful files The murder of the Jews of Žlobin during World War II, at Yad Vashem website