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General Synod

The General Synod is the title of the governing body of some church organizations. In the Church of England, the General Synod, established in 1970, is the legislative body of the Church. In the Episcopal Church in the United States of America, the equivalent is General Convention. General Synods of other churches within the Anglican Communion Anglican Church of Australia Anglican Church of Canada Church of Ireland Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia Scottish Episcopal Church Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui The United Church of Christ based in the United States calls their main governing body a General Synod, it meets every two years and consists of over 600 delegates from various congregations and conferences. The National Baptist Churches of the USA calls their main governing body a General Synod, it meets annually setting the missional direction for the denomi-network. The Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church has as its highest Church court the General Synod; the ARP General Synod meets yearly.

The delegates to the General Synod of the ARP Church are the elder representatives elected from each church's Session and all ministers from all presbyteries that comprise the Church. The Evangelical Church of Augsburg and Helvetic Confession in Austria and the United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany each call their main legislative bodies Generalsynode. In the Evangelical Church in Prussia the legislating body was called Generalsynode between 1846 and 1953; the governing body of the Reformed Church in America, a Calvinist denomination in the United States and Canada, is known as the General Synod. "Kirkemøtet", the governing body of the Church of Norway is translated to General Synod. It convenes once a year, consists of 85 representatives, of whom seven or eight are sent from each of the dioceses; the Batak Christian Protestant Church, or Huria Kristen Batak Protestan, held a twice-a-year General Synod, to discuss about matters in HKBP, to elect the new Ephorus for the HKBP. The first General Synod of HKBP was held in 1922.

In the North American Lutheran tradition, General Synod refers to a church body which existed from 1820–1918. See Evangelical Lutheran General Synod of the United States of North America. How the Church of England is organised List of Church of England Measures General Assembly Queen's Speech at inauguration of seventh General Synod Church of England's General Synod website List of current members* United Church of Christ General Synod 25 Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church Government

Luis H. Salgado

Luis Humberto Salgado was an Ecuadorian composer. He was regarded as one of the most prolific composers of his country, he was taught by his father, the composer Francisco Salgado, a former student of the Italian composer Domenico Brescia (who championed nationalism in Chile and Ecuador before permanently settling down in the USA. During the 1920s, Salgado made a living as a pianist for silent films in Quito, he he worked as a critic and choir and orchestra conductor. He acted as director of the Conservatorio Nacional de Música. In his essay Música vernácula ecuatoriana, published in 1952 in Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana, he expresses his thoughts about the creation of a national form. For example, he replaced the classical symphonic pattern with a sequence of Ecuadorian folk dances: Ecuadorian Symphony I Sanjuanito II Yaraví III Danzante IV Albazo, Aire típico or AlzaLuis Humberto Salgado was the leading figure of his generation, his symphonic suite Atahualpa, his Suite coreográfica, the ballets El amaño, El Dios Tumbal and other works show strong nationalistic feeling.

Salgado wrote two operas, Cumandá. Salgado was not an nationalist composer, as the varied style of his eight symphonies shows. In his years, he relied on atonality and tried his hand at 12-note composition. – Béhague, Gerard. 2001. "Ecuador. Art Music" Though only two of his operas are mentioned in most music literature, he composed another two, together with nine symphonies, several concertos, several ballets, he was both a modernist composer. As early as 1944, he wrote Sanjuanito Futurista for piano, using the rhythm of a traditional Ecuadorian dance within the dodecaphonic writing style, he was in his early forties when he started experimenting with new techniques but was not acknowledged as a modernist until in his life. Piano Music by Ecuadorian Composers CD. Piano:, Rapsodia N 3 Brindis por la peaña Nocturnal Other works by: Gerardo Guevara, Corsino Duran, Claudio Aizaga, Juan Pablo Muñoz SanzSouvenir de l'Amérique du Sud I. Amanecer de trasnochada - Luis H. Salgado Brindis al pasado - Luis H. Salgado II.

Romance nativo - Luis H. Salgado VI. Nocturnal - Luis H. Salgado Salgado, Luis H. Música vernácula ecuatoriana, published in 1952 by Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana Salgado, Luis H. Proyecciones de la música contemporánea, published in September 1960 by Ritmo, Spain. Apel, Willi. Harvard Dictionary of Music, Harvard University Press, 1969, p. 253. Béhague, Gerard. 2001. "Ecuador. Art Music"; the New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers. Bull, Storm Index to biographies of contemporary composers. New York: Scarecrow Press, 1964, p. 405 Composers of the Americas Biographical data and catalog of their works Volume 4. Washington, D. C.: Secretaria General, organizacion de los Estados Americanos, 1958. Chronological catalog of the works of the Ecuadorian composer Luis H. Salgado Boletin interam. Mus. no.1, p. 45-50 Diccionario de la música española e hispanoamericana. Published by Sociedad General de Autores y Editores and Instituto Nacional de las Artes Escénicas y de la Música from the Spanish Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte.

Pérez Pimentel, Rodolfo. In: Diccionario Biográfico del Ecuador, Guayaquil 1987. Robijns, Jozef. Algemene muziek encyclopedie hoofdred. J. Robijns en Miep Zijlstra. Haarlem: De Haan, -1984 Rosner, Helmut. Kurzgefasstes Tonkunstler Lexikon Fortfuhrt von Burchard Bulling, Florian Noetzel, Helmut Rosner Wilhelmshaven: Heinrichshofen, 1974. Note: Zweiter Teil: Erganzungen und Erweiterungen seit 1937 Slonimsky, Nicolas. Music of Latin America. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1945, p. 374. Walker, John L. "The Younger Generation of Ecuadorian Composers", Latin American Music Review" University of Texas- Volumen 22, Número 2, Fall 2001. Morris, Mark; the Pimlico Dictionary of Twentieth Century Composers. Pimlico, 1999. Stevenson, Robert. "Quito". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition. Opus, no. 31. Issue dedicated to Luis H. Salgado. Edited by Arturo Rodas. Central Bank of Ecuador. Quito, January 1989. Luis H. Salgado in Grandes Compositores Ecuatorianos, edited by Pablo Guerrero G. CONMUSICA.

Quito. January 2001. Wong Cruz, Ketty. Luis H. Salgado, un Quijote de la música. Central Bank of Ecuador & Casa de la Cultura Ecuatoriana Benjamín Carrión. 2004. ISBN 9978-62-315-9 Edufuturo Museos y Biblioteca Virtuales, Central Bank of Ecuador at La Música en el Ecuador, Mario Godoy Aguirre

Glimmer man

A glimmer man was a somewhat pejorative name unofficially, but universally, applied to inspectors who were employed by the Alliance and Dublin Consumers' Gas Company, the Cork Gas Consumers Company and other supply companies in the smaller towns and places in Ireland to detect the use of gas in restricted periods during the years of the Emergency from March 1942 and in some places as late as 1947. The term derived from the copy of advertisements published in the media and on posters which enjoined the population not to waste gas...not a glimmer. Ireland has negligible indigenous coal resources and production of gas was dependent on the importation of coal, restricted as a result of the war in Europe. Notwithstanding attempts by the Emergency Scientific Research Bureau to manufacture gas from bog peat, imports of suitable coal and therefore gas production fell and its use for home heating was prohibited. In March 1942 the supply in Dublin was cut to 10 hours per day during the week and 11 on Sundays but this only reduced usage by about a quarter.

In May the supply was further reduced to 5.5 hours per day and the gas supply companies changed their terms of supply to make the use of gas in "off hours" a breach of contract. The off hours were popularly referred to as the "glimmer hours."The reductions in supply caused great privation as a large proportion of the population were dependent on gas for heat and lighting. As there were no available alternative sources of fuel for cooking, people were reduced, if they could, to using the residual gas left in the pipes after the reticulated mains supply had been turned off at the gasworks. By 1943, the Dublin Gas Company were running advertisements describing the glimmer man as "a public benefactor Don't blame or hinder him in carrying out his duty."Eventually the supply was so restricted that by April 1944 the Minister for Supplies, Seán Lemass was threatening to make a special Emergency Powers Order to ration the supply to dwellings and businesses to certain hours of the day and make it a criminal offence to use gas in the "off hours".

However that threat was never carried out. One of the effects of the restrictions was that the smaller supply companies closed or attempted to maintain supply using gas derived from peat and charcoal; the gas companies' officials were empowered under their supply contract with their customers to enter premises to carry out their inspections and if they detected anyone using gas outside the permitted hours could disconnect the premises from the mains supply. However, some Dublin residents, such as students at Trinity College, were immune from the inspectors' visits; this immunity may have been due to the small numbers of inspectors employed - only two or three for the whole of Dublin. The inspectors were reputed to be intrusive when carrying out their duties as evidenced by the Phil Chevron lyric in "Faithful Departed" which suggests that in addition to the "boogie man", one can be "Rattled by the glimmer man" in the sense of being alarmed by their anticipated arrival. In the 21st century doubt has been cast on whether in fact there were house to house inspections carried out by gas supply company officials.

But one oral history graphically describes a glimmer man's inspections He came to our house I think about twice. He came at a civil time of the day, when there nothing doing, you know?... When he came into our house he put his hands over the thing and put powder on it then… with the powder, I don't know what time it would have to be since they were on, but he'd put the powder on, but we never got in any trouble over it. After a while everybody got to know them "it's the glimmerman" and you'd be pouring water over it. Another writer describes the tribulations of a neighbouring widow to get reconnected and the lengths his mother went to avoid being detected using "the glimmer" but concedes that his house never received a visit. On the other hand, Irish secondary school history students are expected to have a knowledge of the topic and be able to comment on its significance; the Irish Times mentions the glimmerman in several Emergency-era issues, including a robbery of a shop by a man pretending to be the glimmerman.

Notwithstanding that the phenomenon of the glimmer man was transitory much improved with the telling, had in any event disappeared prior to the middle of the 20th century, it appears to have left an impact on the psyche of the Irish and not just those who lived through the Emergency period. The glimmer man is referred to in formal histories and websites newspaper and magazine articles, as well as oral histories and memoirs if only in passing; the impact is however most pronounced on those who did have direct experience such that the poet Paul Perry in The gas stove and the glimmerman describes how the memory is as significant to an old woman as that of the politician Éamon de Valera: She's gas. She'll tell you about the Black'n Tans, the gas stove and the glimmerman; the term is now applied metaphorically in Ireland, to any perceived intrusion into privacy

La Salut (Barcelona Metro)

La Salut is a Barcelona Metro station named after the neighbourhood of the same name where the station is situated, in Badalona municipality. It was opened on 18 April 2010 with the opening of the line from Gorg to Bon Pastor, it is served by TMB-operated Barcelona Metro line L10. The station is located under the intersection of Avinguda del Marquès de Sant Morí and Salvador Seguí, Quevedo and Pau Piferrer streets; the station was built like many other new L9/L10 metro stations with a 22-meter depth well, this time however the well is not circular but it is square. It is divided in four levels: the upper hall, the pre-platform, the upper platform and the lower platform; the upper hall has four accesses from the street, all equipped with escalators and elevators, making the station accessible. One of the accesses goes directly to the upper hall and the other accesses join it through a corridor; the upper hall has ticket vending machines and a TMB Control Center. The upper platform is where run the trains toward La Sagrera and the lower platform is where run the trains toward Gorg.

The architectural design of the station was designed by architect Alfons Soldevila Barbosa. Media related to La Salut metrostation at Wikimedia Commons The station listing at TMB website Information and photos about the station at Photo gallery of Llefià and La Salut metro stations

NGC 4586

NGC 4586 is a spiral galaxy located about 50 million light-years away in the constellation Virgo. The galaxy was discovered by astronomer William Herschel on February 2, 1786. Although listed in the Virgo Cluster Catalog, NGC 4586 is considered to be a member of the Virgo II Groups which form a southern extension of the Virgo cluster. NGC 4586 is in the process of infalling into the Virgo Cluster and is predicted to enter the cluster in about 500 million years. NGC 4586 has a peanut-shaped bulge; the bulge has been interpreted to be a bar viewed edge-on. List of NGC objects NGC 4469 NGC 4013 NGC 4586 on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Sky Map and images

Blackdown, West Sussex

Blackdown, or Black Down, is the highest hill in the historic county of Sussex, at 280 metres. In southeastern England it is exceeded only by Leith Hill, it is the highest point in the South Downs National Park. The pine- and heather-covered slopes are owned by the National Trust and are a favourite walking spot. Blackdown has strong literary associations with Lord Tennyson; the great black mass of Blackdown looms over much of the Low Weald of west Sussex and south-west Surrey. Geologically part of the Greensand Ridge and lying on the western margins of the Weald, Blackdown lies within the South Downs National Park, it is situated about 1.2 miles south of Haslemere, its northern slopes in fact lie within the county of Surrey. There are no villages on Blackdown, but Fernhurst is just to the southwest, Lurgashall to the southeast. There are National Trust car parks on Tennyson's Lane, which runs up Haste Hill from Haslemere, a footpath from the town centre, it is possible to walk to Blackdown from Lurgashall, although this means walking up the steep southern escarpment.

Blackdown is crossed by the Serpent Trail. The secluded sunken lane that runs from Haslemere past Aldworth is named Tennyson's Lane in memory of the poet, it is little changed from Arthur Paterson's description in 1905: Trees meet overhead, copsewood surrounds it, it is hedged by high sandy banks thickly overgrown with plant and scrub. It twists and turns, to the stranger appears to lead nowhere in particular; the acid sandstone of Blackdown limits the range of plants. Until the beginning of the 20th century, Blackdown was a grazed common where trees were kept down by sheep, heather dominated. After the end of regular grazing Scots Pine became the dominant species; the National Trust now carries out a programme of tree-felling and controlled burning to maintain and regenerate areas of open heath. The reserve has been fenced so that conservation grazing with cattle can be used as a management tool. Blackdown is an important habitat for birds. A geological relief model of Blackdown, much information on its natural history, can be found in the Haslemere Educational Museum.

Although common land, Blackdown was the property of various landowners until W. E. Hunter donated it to the National Trust as a memorial to his wife; the Hunters are remembered by an inscribed stone seat at the Temple of the Winds. Flint artefacts show there has been settlement on Blackdown since the mesolithic period, around 6000 BC; the name of an ancient track, pen-y-bos, indicates links with the Celtic world long since lost in more accessible parts of south-east England. Blackdown is managed by the National Trust, with guidance and financial assistance from the Blackdown Committee of the National Trust; as well as Aldworth House and Foxholes, a number of other interesting private houses will be passed by walkers. These include Blackdown House, to the west, surrounded by daffodils in the spring, Old Manor Farm on Tennyson's Lane; because of its elevation, from 1796 to 1816 Blackdown hosted a station in the shutter telegraph chain which connected the Admiralty in London to its naval ships in Portsmouth.

Aside from its height and its wild beauty, Blackdown is best known as the site of the poet's houses and Foxholes. Keen to escape the summer'trippers' who came to his Isle of Wight home, Tennyson purchased Blackdown, built Aldworth in 1869; the French-style Gothic house is built of local sandstone. It stands on a ridge overlooking the Weald, with magnificent views. Lord Tennyson used Aldworth as his summer residence, taking long walks over Blackdown, he died in the house on 6 October 1892. Helen Allingham was a frequent visitor to Aldworth in Tennyson's time, her charming illustrations to The homes of Tennyson vividly capture the landscape of Blackdown. On Saturday, 4 November 1967, a Caravelle Airliner No. EC-BDD, owned by Iberia Airlines of Spain, crashed, it broke through a large hedge. The victims were the all-Spanish crew and the passengers, comprising 25 Britons, two Americans, two Spaniards and two Australians; the British actress June Thorburn was amongst the passengers. Paterson and Helen Allingham.

The homes of Tennyson. London: A&C Black. Blackdown Committee, National Trust. Blackdown and Marley Common. Trotter, Wilfred Robert; the hilltop writers. Grayshott: John Owen Smith. ISBN 1-873855-31-1. Book on the many writers who settled around Haslemere after the coming of the railway in 1859. "Walk #609: Haslemere to Liphook". British walks. Retrieved January 7, 2006. National Trust: Black Down Haslemere Educational Museum Fernhurst Society Blackdown Air Crash Iberia crash record at the Aviation Safety Network Iberia crash record at