Genesee County, New York
Genesee County is a county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,079, its county seat is Batavia. Its name is from the Seneca Indian word Gen-nis'-hee-yo, meaning "the Beautiful Valley"; the county was created in 1802 and organized in 1803. Genesee County comprises the Batavia, NY micropolitan statistical area, in the Rochester-Batavia-Seneca Falls, NY combined statistical area, it is in Western New York. Ancient history of man goes back to the Ice Age 10,000 to 12,000 years ago at the Hiscock Site, in Byron, New York. Together with a mastodon jaw and teeth, assorted animal bones, researchers have found a variety of manmade tools, ceramics and leather, indicating long occupation of the site; this site is among North America’s most important for archaeological artifacts from the Ice Age. Varying cultures of indigenous peoples lived in the area for thousands of years. Hundreds of years before European exploration, the Iroquoian-speaking Seneca Nation developed in the central part of present-day New York.
Beginning in 1639 and lasting for the rest of the century, the Seneca led an invasion of Western New York, driving out the existing tribes of Wenro and Neutrals. When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Genesee County was part of Albany County; this was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion. In 1784 Tryon County was renamed as Montgomery County. Around this time, the Pennsylvania Colony and the Massachusetts Bay Colony claimed the territory as their own, but New York did not enforce its territorial claim. In 1789 Ontario County was split off from Montgomery as a result of the Gorham Purchase. Again, the county theoretically extended west to the Pacific Ocean.
Genesee County was included in the 19th century "burned-over district" — the Western region of New York consumed by religious revivals characterized by "the evangelical desire to convert the entire American population to Christianity and to create a'moral, homogeneous commonwealth.'" This religious moral crusade provided the social atmosphere that allowed antimasonic sentiment to gain momentum as a significant church-oriented movement and a grass-roots political party that became the nation's first third party. By the 1820s, Freemasonry was prevalent in Genesee County. From 1821 to 1827, half of all county officials were Freemasons. In September 1826, William Morgan, a resident of Batavia, New York, disappeared after having been imprisoned for failure to repay a debt. Morgan had been rejected from the Masonic lodge in Batavia, and, as a result, threatened to publish a book which exposed the secret rituals of Freemasonry, his disappearance and presumed murder ignited a campaign against Freemasonry.
The investigation into Morgan's disappearance confronted major obstacles from government officials and the judiciary- positions that were occupied by Freemasons. The Morgan affair combined with existing suspicions and distrust of the secrecy of Freemasonry initiated mass meetings throughout the county to decide how the issue of Freemasonry should be handled; the Antimasonry crusade's original goal was to oust Masons from political offices. Through the political guidance of party organizers, such as Thurlow Weed and William H. Seward, the crusade developed into a political party that enjoyed a political stronghold in Genesee County and the rest of the "burned-over district." The Antimasonic Party found strong support within Genesee County from 1827 to 1833. The party won every county office. After continuous domination of Masonic politicians, citizens saw Antimasonry as a solution and an opportunity to restore justice and republicanism; the Baptist and Presbyterian churches favored Antimasonry and encouraged their members to renounce ties with the fraternity.
The party was associated with populist rhetoric, strong Antimasonic sentiment throughout the county correlated with positive economic developments and high population densities. Larger towns, such as Batavia, the county seat and Le Roy, harbored the strongest support for the party; the timing of the creation of the Antimasonic Party coincided with a time in New York politics that encouraged the expansion of political participation. The party leaders made the Antimasonic Party, the Whig Party, a great success in Genesee County and other neighboring counties, it was not until the Holland Purchase of 1793 that Western New York was enforced as the territory of New York State. Land in the region was sold through the Holland Land Company's office in Batavia, starting in 1801. All the land in Western New York was in the newly created Genesee County, all of, in the single town of Batavia. Genesee County was created by a partition of 7,100 square miles of land from Ontario County; the County was not organized so it remained under the supervision of Ontario County until it achieved full organization and separation during March 1803.
On April 7, 1806, Genesee’s area was reduced to 5,550 square miles due to a partition that created Allegany County. On March 8, 1808, Genesee’s area was again reduced, this time to 1,650 square miles due to a partition that created Cattaraugus and Niagara Counties. On February 23, 1821, Genesee
The Genesee River is a tributary of Lake Ontario flowing northward through the Twin Tiers of Pennsylvania and New York in the United States. The river provided the original power for the Rochester area's 19th century mills and still provides hydroelectric power for downtown Rochester; the Genesee is the remaining western branch of a preglacial system, with rock layers tilted an average of 40 feet per mile, so the river flows across progressively older bedrock as it flows northward. It begins in exposing the Allegheny Plateau's characteristic conglomerates: sandstones and shales in the rock columns of the Mississippian and Pennsylvanian subperiods. Thereafter, further downstream as it traverses the area known as The Grand Canyon of the East, where it falls through over 600 feet as to passes through the gorges in New York's Letchworth State Park, the river often exposes older rocks such as shales and some limestones of the Devonian period at Letchworth and, at other canyons with three more waterfalls at Rochester cuts through the Niagara Escarpment exposing limestones and shales of Silurian age in the rock column.
With cuttings in the geologic record showing so many early ages, the river area has a great variety of fossils for paleobiological and stratigraphic analysis. During the past million years there were four glacial ages that covered the Rochester area with the southern edges of the Laurentide Ice Sheet and those advances were major impactors in the formation geology and geography of the area; the most recent glacier that left evidence here was about 100,000 years ago and it caused compression of the earth by as much as 2,500 feet. About 12,000 years ago, the area underwent massive changes, which included the rerouting of the Genesee and other water bodies; the pre-ice age eastern branch of the Genesee runs south of Mount Morris and was diverted by extensive terminal moraines in Livingston County with a key blocking dam just south of Dansville, so most of the upper section of the ancient river was diverted instead to fall the off Appalachian Plateau toward the Susquehanna River system. Only a small creek flows in what is left of this large paleogeologic valley.
The area of the lower river was affected. Since the earth rebounded from the melting glaciers more in Canada than in New York, water from Lake Ontario was spilled over New York due to its lower elevation. During this time, the original outlet of the Genesee River, Irondequoit Bay, was flooded out, creating the current bay; as these waters retreated, glacial debris caused the river to be rerouted to the west along its current path. The Seneca nation traditionally lived between the Genesee Canandaigua Lake; the region was surveyed by Thomas Davies in 1766. The High Falls was also known as the Great Seneca Falls, the Genesee River was spelled Zinochsaa by early writers. If "not for hydropower, the flour mills, clothing mills, tool fabricators would not have located in Rochester", the 1825 Erie Canal allowed the mills to ship products to New York City. A few hundred feet north of the center of the village of Rochester, the Erie Canal crossed the Genesee River via an 1823 stone aqueduct, replaced by the Second Genesee Aqueduct in 1842.
The river's gorge formed an demarcated border between the lands of the Five Nations of the Iroquois, whose range extended east and the related tribes of the Erie people along the west side of the gorge. By the end of the Beaver Wars and the American Revolution, the lands in all of upstate New York into the Ohio Country were controlled by the Iroquois Confederation, but were effectively depopulated, the tribes weakened in the Revolution. Subsequently, with most Iroquois having fled to Canada, the remnant tribal groups were in no position to further impede white settlers, so most of New York state west of the Genesee River became part of the Holland Purchase after the American Revolution. From 1801 to 1846 the entire region was sold to individual owners from the Holland Land office in Batavia, New York; the river demarcates the "Genesee Country" of New York to the west and the Finger Lakes geographic region, heartland of the Iroquois to the east. On Friday, November 13, 1829, the daredevil Sam Patch jumped to his death before 8,000 spectators at the Upper Falls in Rochester.
In 1836 the Genesee Valley Canal was begun to build a new canal from the Erie Canal near Rochester, up the Genesee Valley, across to the Allegheny River at Olean. Construction of new sections extended upriver until 1880. Although an important commercial route, the canal was plagued by frequent flood damage and the final leg down the Allegany River was never completed; the most difficult section to build was the bypass around the gorge and falls at present day Letchworth Park. The canal followed the old Native American portage route; these old locks can still be seen near Nunda. The project was abandoned and the right of way was sold in 1880; the property became the roadbed for the Genesee Valley Canal Railroad, which merged with the Pennsylvania Railroad. Much of the canal and railroad right-of-way is open to the public today as the Genesee Valley Greenway, started in 1991. In 1852 a wooden railroad bridge was built over the Upper Falls at Portageville, it was the largest of all wooden bridges built at the time.
The wood from 300 acres of trees was required for its timber. In the "summer of 1943", Arch Merrill walked the length of the Genesee River. A March 1865 thaw was the worst Genesee flood in Rochester history, a similar 1913 flood mot
Genesee Country Village and Museum
The Genesee Country Village and Museum is a 19th-century living history museum covering more than 600 acres located in Wheatland, New York, United States, in the small hamlet of Mumford, about 20 miles from Rochester. On the museum property is the 19th-century village, the John L. Wehle Gallery of Sporting Art, the Genesee Country Nature Center, the Carriage Museum, the Silver Baseball Park and the Heirloom Gardens; the facility offers special classes throughout the year. The Genesee Country Village and Museum was conceived and founded by John L. Wehle in 1966, he was a collector of art and recognized that another art form, the work of regional carpenters, master builders, housewrights, was fast disappearing from the landscape. The proposed museum was to be a village of selected examples of 19th-century Genesee Country architecture that demonstrated not only form, but function; the buildings would be showcases of the disciplines of cabinetry, weaving and other artisans which would be displayed in appropriate cultural context.
A site for this undertaking was chosen in a quiet corner of Monroe County. Much of the land, once cleared and farmed, had reverted to the wild state which greeted the first settlers. Stone fences trailing through the rolling woodlands and anchoring the hedgerows remained as evidence of the frontier farming venture. For ten years the founder and the museum director, architectural historian Stuart Bolger, guided a corps of carpenters and masons in turning the long-neglected land to new uses in the form of a recreated village. During the first decade of development, some three dozen buildings of the style and function found in the rural communities of western New York were acquired and placed in the configuration of an early Genesee Country hamlet. Vintage farm structures were placed alongside the village. With care and historical respect these buildings were restored. Concurrently, the curatorial staff undertook the quest for relevant artifacts to furnish and equip the renewed buildings; the results of their quest are furnished houses and farms supported by a large collection of antiques and historical pieces.
The Historic Village is the core of the museum. With the layout of a small 19th-century village, 68 restored and furnished buildings are available to walk through. A wide spectrum of buildings is presented, from the simple frontier cabin to an elaborate Victorian mansion, with professional and business buildings as well. Most buildings are staffed by costumed interpreters, providing information about the history of the building, the time period, in certain instances, demonstrating a craft or trade. 19th-century games Quilting Weaving Fabric dyeing Wool spinning Cooking Broom making Farming Printing Blacksmithing Coopering Pottery throwing Woodworking Gunsmithing Tinsmithing The most recent addition to the museum's grounds is Silver Baseball Park. Americans have enjoyed baseball for nearly 200 years; the park was built to provide the historical background to this American pastime. Silver Baseball Park is the first replica 19th-century baseball park in America, began its operation on August 11, 2001.
The park's name commemorates both Morrie Silver, the former owner and general manager of the Rochester Red Wings. The museum has six ladies' and men's teams, dressed in period-style uniforms that face off each Saturday and Sunday, playing with period-appropriate equipment and by 1866 rules. Visitors can view the games from wooden bleachers that face an outfield fence sporting period-style advertising. A manual scoreboard is operated by two young lads on scaffolding, while a press box tower is home to a tally keeper and announcer. Concessions include peanuts, birch beer and other period-appropriate food. Spread throughout the museum's grounds are thirteen heirloom gardens. Eye-catching blossoms, fragrant herbs, luscious fruits and rows upon rows of colorful vegetables are the components of these gardens. Most of what is grown in the gardens is used by village interpreters for preparing meals in the historic kitchens, dyeing fibers and making decorations or craft projects. During the spring and summer months, both adults and children can learn more through various educational programs and demonstrations that are specific to gardening.
John Whele was an avid collector of sporting art. His collection, displayed in the gallery, includes wildlife and sporting art that spans four centuries - from the 17th to the 20th. Included are featured works by artists such as John James Audubon, Robert Bateman, Frederic Remington, Carl Rungius, Maud Earl, Bob Kuhn, Allan Houser and Bruno Liljefors. A large sculpture garden is located outside the gallery amongst the trees; the paintings and sculptures in this collection trace the social and ideological changes in the interaction between humans and animals. A range of horse-drawn carriages from the 19th and early 20th centuries fills the Carriage Museum; this unique collection presents a broad scope of two - and four-wheeled sleighs. The collection includes the basic horse-drawn conveyance that characterized the 19th-century rural scene, utility vehicles, sporting rigs, pleasure carts, veteran vehicles from the harness track. One drawing much interest is the 12-horse hitch wagon from the Genesee Brewing Company, a local brewer, still in business in the region.
The Nature Center sits adjacent to the Historic Village on 175 acres of woodlands, old fields and meadows. Visitors can view the native flora and fauna, explore educational programs and exhibits at the Nature Center building. There are a number of trails in the area for hiki
Genesee is a census-designated place in Jefferson County, United States. The population was 3,609 at the 2010 census. Genesee is located at 39°41′43″N 105°16′2″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.7 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,699 people, 1,511 households, 1,199 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 555.5 people per square mile. There were 1,562 housing units at an average density of 234.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.94% White, 0.22% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.78% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.76% from other races, 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.73% of the population. There were 1,511 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.9% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.6% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.73. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 2.9% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 42.2% from 45 to 64, 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $132,077, the median income for a family was $138,983; the per capita income for the CDP was $79,180. About 1.3% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. Genesee Park, in the Denver Mountain Parks system Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles State of Colorado Colorado cities and towns Colorado census designated places Colorado counties Jefferson County, Colorado Colorado metropolitan areas Front Range Urban Corridor North Central Colorado Urban Area Denver-Aurora-Boulder, CO Combined Statistical Area Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area
Genesee Brewing Company
Genesee Brewing Company is an American brewery located along the Genesee River in Rochester, New York. In 1878, Genesee Brewing Company moved up into Rochester. From 2000 to 2009, the company was known as the High Falls Brewing Company. In 2009, High Falls was acquired by the capital investment firm KPS Capital. Together with newly acquired Labatt USA, KPS merged the two companies as North American Breweries. Along with this change, High Falls Brewery changed its name back to the original "Genesee Brewing Company" operating under the North American Breweries name. In October 2012, North American Breweries was purchased by FIFCO In 2012, North American Breweries was the sixth-largest brewing company in America by sales volume; the Aqueduct Spring Brewery, the first brewery located in Rochester, New York, opened in 1819 and closed in 1844. In 1857, Rau & Reisky Brewery changed to Reisky & Spies, was established. In 1878, Reisky & Spies was renamed as the Genesee Brewery. In 1933, after the repeal of Prohibition, the company was reopened as the Genesee Brewing Company.
In December 1984, it purchased the Fred Koch Brewery of New York. At the time The Fred Koch Brewery was owned by Vaux Breweries of England. In the previous year Koch sold about 55,000 barrels of beer, compared with Genesee's 3.2 million. Genesee transferred the brewing of Koch's brands to Rochester. In 2000, the company was sold to an employee investment group, the company's name was changed to High Falls Brewing Company. In 2007, Norman Snyder was named CEO of the company, announced a change in the Genesee brand labeling, which highlights a more classic look; the company unveiled a new corporate website and increased marketing of the Genesee brand of beers. In February 2009, High Falls Brewery was sold to a New York City investment group KPS Capital Partners to be run as part of its North American Breweries subsidiary. In June 2009, North American Breweries announced that the name of the brewery would be changed back to Genesee Brewing Company to reflect the company's long history. In October 2012, it was purchased by FIFCO in an all-cash deal for $338 million.
Cerveceria is a brewery located in San Jose, Costa Rica. The company’s product portfolio includes beer, bottled water, natural fruit drinks and other beverages; the new owner stated that "The workforce, the current leadership, the current operation will remain as they have been." Genesee Cream Ale has 5.2% alcohol by volume and was brewed in 1960. The beer is recognized for winning two consecutive gold medals at the Great American Beer Festival. In 1994, Genesee introduced J. W. Dundee's Honey Brown, it won a Gold Medal at the 1994 World Beer Cup. In 2006, High Falls added two new beers to the J. W. Dundee's family, J. W. Dundee's American Pale Ale and J. W. Dundee's American Amber Lager. In June 2008, the company announced a re-branding of the J. W. Dundee line, now called Dundee Ales and Lagers. Along with the formation of North American Breweries, Genesee purchased all of the brand rights to Seagram's Escapes Flavored Coolers in the US. Seagram's Escapes are part of the Flavored Malt Beverage category and provide a variety of flavored alcoholic beverages.
As of November 2009, all Seagram's Escapes are produced out of the Rochester-based facility. In late 2010, Genesee Brewing developed a new product line under the Rock Wall brewing name. Rock Wall Brewing produces a high alcohol malt liquor product, known as Dog Bite High Gravity. Genesee had an exclusive contract to import Cerveza Imperial from Costa Rica before its 2012 acquisition by Cerveceria Costa Rica. Genesee owns the U. S. import rights to Labatt Brewing Company's beers. Labatt products are brewed by Anheuser-Busch InBev, but Anheuser Busch InBev cannot produce or distribute the brand in the United States because it is popular enough in Western New York to raise antitrust problems, prompting the company to contract with Genesee for U. S. distribution of the brand. Genesee brews for Trouble Brewing, Seven Kings Brewery, Narragansett Brewing Company. Genesee is a regional brewer for Mike's Hard Lemonade and other malt beverage products, with Genesee Brewing Company producing all of the Mike's sold to the east coast market.
Genesee contract manufactures Mountain Brew Beer Ice, Stew Brew for Stewart's Shops, along with Big Flats 1901 for Walgreens. Sainsbury's American Pale Ale and Tap Room IPA in the UK are brewed by the Genesee Brewery under the pseudonym Tap Room Brewing Co; these are 5.3% and 6.3% ABV own branded beers under their "Taste the difference" label. Genesee Brewing Company Official site The Genesee Brewery Official Facebook page Genesee page on "Kegworks" High Falls Brewing Company on RocWiki. Retrieved 2012 November 4; the FoamingHead's Genesee Brewing Company Page RateBeer: Genesee Brewing Company Seven kings Brewery
Genesee Township, Potter County, Pennsylvania
Genesee Township is a township in Potter County, United States and lies near the source of the Genesee River. The population was 789 at the 2000 census; the name Genesee derives from Indian term for "beautiful valley". According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 36.0 square miles, of which, 36.0 square miles of it is land and 0.03% is water. Genesee Township is bordered by New York to the north, Bingham Township to the east, Allegany Township to the south and Oswayo Township to the west; the confluence of the West and East Branches of the Genesee River is in Genesee Township. As of the census of 2000, there were 789 people, 310 households, 217 families residing in the township; the population density was 21.9 people per square mile. There were 438 housing units at an average density of 12.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 97.72% White, 1.01% African American, 0.51% Native American, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.25% of the population.
There were 310 households, out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.0% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals, 14.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.04. In the township the population was spread out, with 26.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males. The median income for a household in the township was $31,667, the median income for a family was $35,268. Males had a median income of $27,625 versus $18,125 for females; the per capita income for the township was $17,285. About 13.6% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.9% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over
Genesee Theatre is a concert hall and movie palace in Waukegan, Illinois. Today, the venue has seats for 2,403 people and opened in 1927. It's both used as a vaudeville theater and cinema and hosts many different musical artists and shows. In 1926, A. L. Brumund, H. C. Burnett, D. T. Webb bought land at the corner of Genesee and Clayton Streets for $130,000, their wish was to create a community center for Waukegan that provided high-quality entertainments as well as commercial and living spaces. After a year and a half and a million dollars they had created a luxurious movie palace open to the public. Flourishing growth in this city north of Chicago, justified the building of a deluxe and luxurious movie theater, unparalleled at the time throughout most of the country; the construction of the theatre began in September 1927. Waukegan contractor Alva Weeks and Chicago Architect Edward P. Steinberg were hired to construct the theatre. Steinberg had just built the BelPark and State theatres in Chicago, IL.
No expense was spared in the construction of the theatre. The façade, on Genesee street, was pressed brick in ornate design. Inside the lobby hanged a luxurious chandelier; the interior is Spanish Renaissance Style using Caen stone. A large dome in the center of the auditorium was made from hammered silver. Over 1200 yards of tapestry fabric, several tons of marble from the Carrera quarries in Italy, lighting throughout the Theatre combine to make it the most lavish building in Waukegan, IL, it closed in 1989, however it re-opened in 2004, following a $23 million renovation. Despite the changes to the Theatre, the historic integrity of the Genesee has stood the test of time. From the street and within its walls, the Genesee Theatre is reminiscent of the hope and beauty of the early 20th century and remains a center of the Waukegan community. Soulja Boy shot part of his music video during a performance in the theatre. Morrissey shot part of the video for his single "I'm Throwing My Arms Around Paris" during a 2007 performance at the theater.
Genesee Theatre web page