Bartholomew Henry Allen II is a fictional superhero in the DC Comics Universe. Allen first appeared as the superhero Impulse, a teenage sidekick of the superhero The Flash, before he became the second hero known as Kid Flash; the character first made a cameo appearance in The Flash #91 in 1994, while his first full appearance in issue #92, appeared as the lead character in Impulse and The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive. In the latter series, the character became the fourth hero to assume the identity of The Flash. Bart prominently features in the superhero team titles Young Justice and Teen Titans; as the Flash, Bart was a core character in 10 issues of Justice League of America. As first conceived by writers, Bart was born in the 30th century to Meloni Thawne and Don Allen, is part of a complex family tree of superheroes and supervillains, his father, Don, is one of the Tornado Twins and his paternal grandfather is Barry Allen, the second Flash. His paternal grandmother, Iris West Allen, is the adoptive aunt of the first Kid Flash, Wally West.
Additionally, Bart is the first cousin of a Legionnaire and daughter of Dawn Allen. On his mother's side, he is a descendant of supervillains Professor Zoom and Cobalt Blue as well as the half-brother of Owen Mercer, the second Captain Boomerang. In addition to these relatives, he had a supervillain clone known as Inertia. For most of his superhero career, Bart was the sidekick to the Wally West version of the Flash. After West's apparent death in the Infinite Crisis crossover event in 2006, Allen grew up and became the Flash, his tenure as the Flash was brief, he was killed off in issue 13 of his series, The Flash: The Fastest Man Alive. Allen was subsequently absent for nearly two years after his apparent death, but resurfaced—young again—as Kid Flash, in 2009's Final Crisis: Legion of 3 Worlds. After DC revised its continuity in 2011 as part of a company-wide relaunch of its most popular titles, Bart Allen became the alias of Bar Torr, a feared reactionary from the distant future, sent to the 21st century without his memories, attempting to forge an identity for himself as Kid Flash.
Outside of comics, Bart has been portrayed by Kyle Gallner in the live-action television series Smallville. Jason Marsden voiced Impulse/Kid Flash in the animated series Young Justice; as depicted in a Legion of Super-Heroes story, Barry Allen's children—the Tornado Twins—were arrested in A. D. 2995 by the government of Earth, which had fallen under the covert control of the Dominators. Following a one-day trial on trumped-up charges of treason, the Twins were executed. According to a Daily Planet news report, Don Allen is survived by his wife Carmen Johnson, his mother Iris West Allen, his two-year-old son: Barry Allen II, or Bart; this timeline was wiped out by the events of Zero Hour: Crisis in Time miniseries. However, a parallel set of events occurred on Earth-247, with the Tornado Twins and their families having traveled there from New Earth. Suffering from a hyper-accelerated metabolism, Bart Allen was aging at a faster rate than that of any other human being, thus causing him to appear the age of twelve when he was chronologically only two years old.
To prevent him from developing mental health problems, he was raised in a virtual reality machine which created a simulated world that kept pace with his own scale of time. When it became clear that this method was not helping, his grandmother, Iris Allen, took him back in time to the present where The Flash, Wally West, tricked Bart into a race around the world. By forcing Bart into an extreme burst of speed, Wally managed to shock his hyper metabolism back to normal; because he had spent the majority of his childhood in a simulated world, Bart had no concept of danger and was prone to leaping before he looked. The youth proved to be more trouble than Wally could handle, he was palmed off onto retired superhero speedster Max Mercury, who moved Bart to the fictitious Manchester, Alabama. Bart created the Impulse codename for himself, though a retcon in Impulse #50 has Batman codenaming him such as a warning, not a compliment. Bart joined the Titans early in his career before going on to become one of the founding members of the superhero team Young Justice.
For a time, Impulse became the owner of a spaceship granted to him by a rich sultan in appreciation for having helped save his castle. The team used this ship to reunite Doiby Dickles with his queen and restore the rightful rule of Myrg. Impulse stayed with Young Justice for an extensive period of time during which he developed the ability to make speed-force energy duplicates; this allowed him to be in multiple places at once. The newly acquired power proved useful until one of the duplicates was killed during the "Our Worlds at War" storyline when half the team was lost on Apokolips. Bart quit Young Justice temporarily as the death of his duplicate led him to come to terms with his own mortality. Following Max Mercury's disappearance, Bart was taken in by Jay Garrick, the first Flash, his wife Joan. After the breakup of Young Justice, Bart joined some of his former teammates in a new line-up of the Teen Titans. Shortly after Bart joined the Teen Titans, he was shot in the knee by Deathstroke and received a prosthetic one.
While recovering, Bart read every single book in the San Francisco Public Library and reinvented himself as the new Kid Flash. Once healed, the artificial knee did not affect his ability to run at speeds approaching that of light, but reminding him that he needs to think first rather than to act impulsively; when Robin reminded him that by becomi
Wonder Woman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The character is a founding member of the Justice League; the character first appeared in All Star Comics #8 in October 1941 with her first feature in Sensation Comics #1, January 1942. The Wonder Woman title has been published by DC Comics continuously except for a brief hiatus in 1986. In her homeland, the island nation of Themyscira, her official title is Princess Diana of Themyscira, Daughter of Hippolyta; when blending into the society outside of her homeland, she adopts her civilian identity Diana Prince. Wonder Woman was created by the American psychologist and writer William Moulton Marston, artist Harry G. Peter. Marston's wife and their life partner, Olive Byrne, are credited as being his inspiration for the character's appearance. Marston's comics featured his ideas on DISC theory, the character drew a great deal of inspiration from early feminists, from birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger.
Wonder Woman's origin story relates that she was sculpted from clay by her mother Queen Hippolyta and was given a life to live as an Amazon, along with superhuman powers as gifts by the Greek gods. In recent years, DC changed her background with the revelation that she is the daughter of Zeus and Hippolyta, jointly raised by her mother and her aunts Antiope and Menalippe; the character has changed in depiction over the decades, including losing her powers in the 1970s. She possesses an arsenal of advanced technology, including the Lasso of Truth, a pair of indestructible bracelets, a tiara which serves as a projectile, and, in older stories, a range of devices based on Amazon technology. Wonder Woman's character was created during World War II. Many stories depicted Wonder Woman rescuing herself from bondage, which defeated the "damsels in distress" trope, common in comics during the 1940s. In the decades since her debut, Wonder Woman has gained a cast of enemies bent on eliminating the Amazon, including classic villains such as Ares, Doctor Poison, Doctor Psycho, Giganta, along with more recent adversaries such as Veronica Cale and the First Born.
Wonder Woman has regularly appeared in comic books featuring the superhero teams Justice Society and Justice League. The character is a well-known figure in popular culture, adapted to various media. June 3 is Wonder Woman Day. Wonder Woman is part of the DC Comics trinity of flagship characters alongside Superman. Modern historians divide 20th century history of American superhero comics into "ages," The Golden Age being the first. In an October 25, 1940, interview with the Family Circle magazine, William Moulton Marston discussed the unfulfilled potential of the comic book medium; this article caught the attention of comics publisher Max Gaines, who hired Marston as an educational consultant for National Periodicals and All-American Publications, two of the companies that would merge to form DC Comics. At that time, Marston wanted to create his own new superhero. "Fine," said Elizabeth. "But make her a woman." Marston introduced the idea to Gaines. Given the go-ahead, Marston developed Wonder Woman, whom he believed to be a model of that era's unconventional, liberated woman.
Marston drew inspiration from the bracelets worn by Olive Byrne, who lived with the couple in a polyamorous relationship. Wonder Woman debuted in All Star Comics #8, scripted by Marston. Marston was the creator of a systolic-blood-pressure-measuring apparatus, crucial to the development of the polygraph. Marston's experience with polygraphs convinced him that women were more honest than men in certain situations and could work more efficiently. Marston designed Wonder Woman to be an allegory for the ideal love leader. "Wonder Woman is psychological propaganda for the new type of woman who should, I believe, rule the world", Marston wrote. In a 1943 issue of The American Scholar, Marston wrote: Not girls want to be girls so long as our feminine archetype lacks force and power. Not wanting to be girls, they don't want to be tender, peace-loving as good women are. Women's strong qualities have become despised because of their weakness; the obvious remedy is to create a feminine character with all the strength of Superman plus all the allure of a good and beautiful woman.
Marston was an outspoken feminist and firm believer in the superiority of women. He described bondage and submission as a "respectable and noble practice". Marston wrote in a weakness for Wonder Woman, attached to a fictional stipulation that he dubbed "Aphrodite's Law", that made the chaining of her "Bracelets of Submission" together by a man take away her Amazonian super strength. Wonder Woman ended up in chains before breaking free; this not only represented Marston's affinity for bondage, but women's subjugation, which he roundly rejected. However, not everything a
Highfather is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Highfather is chief of the New Gods of New Genesis in the Fourth World and ruled the fictional planet. Highfather was created by Jack Kirby and first appeared in The New Gods #1. Known as Izaya, his name is a phonetic variant of the Old Testament prophet Isaiah. Highfather thematically resembles the Norse god Odin. Darkseid uses Izaya in his scheme to seize control of Apokolips. During a raid by his uncle Steppenwolf, Darkseid appears to kill his wife. However, Darkseid intentionally only stuns Izaya, knowing he will seek revenge on Steppenwolf, killing him and paving the way for Darkseid's ascent to power. In making peace with Apokolips and Darkseid make a pact to exchange their sons. Darkseid raises Scott Free while Izaya raises Orion. Izaya manages to tame the savage Orion and he becomes one of the greatest warriors of New Genesis, fiercely devoted to the ideals of his adoptive home. Scott Free escapes Apokolips, which breaks the pact between the two powers.
Izaya and Scott are reunited. Highfather consults the Source, a primal energy field represented by a mysterious wall covered in messages which may be of use in resolving crises. Though never stated explicitly in the New Gods series, the Source is implied to be some form of higher power, making Izaya a spiritual as well as political leader of his people; as ruler of New Genesis, he is kind and caring, but ready to defend it from any threat. During the Genesis limited series, Highfather is slain in battle with the war god Ares, he is succeeded as leader of New Genesis by Takion, an Earthling hero, a living conduit of the Source. Since his death, Izaya's spirit has served as a member of The Quintessence, a council of powerful cosmic entities that observe events in the universe. Highfather appears in Seven Soldiers: Mister Miracle as the leader of the New Genesis survivors living as homeless people on Earth following the destruction of their world. However, much of the events of that miniseries prove to be a vision of possible events, leaving Highfather and New Genesis' current situation in doubt.
However, he was shown in Final Crisis sketchbook. In Final Crisis #7, Highfather is depicted next to Barda and Mister Miracle in front of a reincarnated New Genesis. In The New 52, Highfather's history is rewritten. Before there was New Genesis, Apokolips, or New Gods, there were mudgrubbers; the Old Gods towered above them on the ancient world of Urgrund. Before his ascension, Izaya was a simple farmer, his younger brother, grew resentful of the cruelty of the Old Gods they worshiped. Uxas started a war between them; this war shattered their planet, destroyed most of the pantheon, killed nearly every living thing. Izaya carried off his dying wife while Uxas became Darkseid by draining the rest of the Old Gods' divine powers. Izaya begged him to protect them. However, like all of his brethren, was nearly dead; the deity transformed Izaya into the New God Highfather. He hoped that together, as New Gods, they could use their powers to restore their broken world together. Darkseid refused the ensuing battle further ravaged the planet.
After a time, silence combed over the space where their world once stood. Some time afterward Uxas's father and Izaya's stepfather, the dreaded Old God Yuga Khan resurfaced. Angered by his wayward progeny's slaying of his fellow Old Gods, he utilized the Anti-Life Equation to resurrect all those slain by Darkseid as well as inhibiting the stolen divine powers his sons took. A great battle broke out between family members on the ruined soil on Urgrund, where Uxas and Izaya battled their tyrannical father and his reanimated army. While Izaya was pinned down by his father for asserting that the time of the Old was over and that the new ways must allow the many to lead instead of just a few, Khan denounced him, declaring that Uxas would never share whatever power they've accumulated, but before a killing blow can be dealt, Uxas comes up behind his father spitting him as he plunges the tool he used to kill his divine predecessors into his back and killing him, much to Izaya's horror. The relevance of the event was chronicled and aptly named "The Final Day", as the Old Gods were no more, the brothers called themselves the New Gods in their place.
Eons Darkseid agreed with Highfather, they remade their broken home together, dubbing it Genesis. An era of peace reigned for a time, with Highfather reviving Avia as his New God Bride, but time past and old habits returned to type as Darkseid murdered and raped Izaya's wife as he walked in on him covered in his own sister's blood. Conflict broke out between the two brothers yet again, as Izaya pitted his Throne world of Genesis against his evil, maddened brother's penal empire of Apokolips; the war between the New Gods raged for countless eons, but by day seven of the conflict, the dead had come to outnumber the living. Darkseid was banished back to his hellish domain, while Highfather himself went on to create a Utopian society that would forever suspend itself over the war-torn remains of his devastated kingdom called New Genesis; the battles between New Genesis and Apokolips would intensify, with neither gaining a significant advantage over the other. The bat
Green Lantern is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. They fight evil with the aid of rings that grant them a variety of extraordinary powers, all of which comes from imagination and/or emotions; the first Green Lantern character, Alan Scott, was created in 1940 by Martin Nodell during the initial popularity of superheroes. Alan Scott fought common criminals in New York City with the aid of his magic ring; the Green Lanterns are among DC Comics' longer lasting sets of characters. They have been adapted to television, video games, motion pictures. Martin Nodell created the first Green Lantern, he first appeared in the Golden Age of comic books in All-American Comics #16, published by All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. This Green Lantern's real name was Alan Scott, a railroad engineer who, after a railway crash, came into possession of a magic lantern which spoke to him and said it would bring power.
From this, he crafted a magic ring. The limitations of the ring were that it had to be "charged" every 24 hours by touching it to the lantern for a time, that it could not directly affect objects made of wood. Alan Scott fought ordinary human villains, but he did have a few paranormal ones such as the immortal Vandal Savage and the zombie Solomon Grundy. Most stories took place in New York; as a popular character in the 1940s, the Green Lantern featured both in anthology books such as All-American Comics and Comic Cavalcade, as well as his own book, Green Lantern. He appeared in All Star Comics as a member of the superhero team known as the Justice Society of America. After World War II the popularity of superheroes in general declined; the Green Lantern comic book was cancelled with issue #38, All Star Comics #57 was the character's last Golden Age appearance. When superheroes came back in fashion in decades, the character Alan Scott was revived, but he was forever marginalized by the new Hal Jordan character, created to supplant him.
He made guest appearances in other superheroes' books, but got regular roles in books featuring the Justice Society. He never got another solo series. Between 1995 and 2003, DC Comics changed Alan Scott's superhero codename to "Sentinel" in order to distinguish him from the newer and more popular science fiction Green Lanterns. In 2011, the Alan Scott character was revamped, his costume was redesigned and the source of his powers was changed to that of the mystical power of nature. In 1959, Julius Schwartz reinvented the Green Lantern character as a science fiction hero named Hal Jordan. Hal Jordan's powers were more or less the same as Alan Scott's, but otherwise this character was different than the Green Lantern character of the 1940s, he had a new name, a redesigned costume, a rewritten origin story. Hal Jordan received his ring from a dying alien and was commissioned as an officer of the Green Lantern Corps, an interstellar law enforcement agency overseen by the Guardians of the Universe.
Hal Jordan was introduced in Showcase #22. Gil Kane and Sid Greene were the art team most notable on the title in its early years, along with writer John Broome. With issue #76, the series made a radical stylistic departure. Editor Schwartz, in one of the company's earliest efforts to provide more than fantasy, worked with the writer-artist team of Denny O'Neil and Neal Adams to spark new interest in the comic book series and address a perceived need for social relevance, they added the character Green Arrow and had the pair travel through America encountering "real world" issues, to which they reacted in different ways — Green Lantern as fundamentally a lawman, Green Arrow as a liberal iconoclast. Additionally during this run, the groundbreaking "Snowbirds Don't Fly" story was published in which Green Arrow's teen sidekick Speedy developed a heroin addiction that he was forcibly made to quit; the stories were critically acclaimed, with publications such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek citing it as an example of how comic books were "growing up".
However, the O'Neil/Adams run was not a commercial success, the series was cancelled after only 14 issues, though an additional unpublished three installments were published as backups in The Flash #217-219. The title would know a number of cancellations, its title would change to Green Lantern Corps at one point as the popularity waned. During a time there were two regular titles, each with a Green Lantern, a third member in the Justice League. A new character, Kyle Rayner, was created to become the feature while Hal Jordan first became the villain Parallax died and came back as the Spectre. In the wake of The New Frontier, writer Geoff Johns returned Hal Jordan as Green Lantern in Green Lantern: Rebirth. Johns began to lay groundwork for "Blackest Night", viewing it as the third part of the trilogy started by Rebirth. Expanding on the Green Lantern mythology in the second part, "Sinestro Corps War", with artist Ethan van Sciver, found wide critical acclaim and commercial success with the series, which promised the introduction of a spectrum of colored "lanterns".
The series and its creators have received several awards over the years, including the 1961 Alley Award for Best Adventure Hero/Heroine with Own Book and the Academy of Comic Book Arts Shazam Award for Best Conti
Steel (John Henry Irons)
Steel known as the Man of Steel is a fictional comic book superhero in DC Comics. Introduced in 1993 as one of several replacement characters for the then-deceased Superman, Steel continued to be an independent superhero after Superman's resurrection, he received his own ongoing series, which saw him move from Metropolis to Washington, D. C. and join the Justice League of America in Grant Morrison's JLA. He mentored his niece Natasha Irons, who became a superheroine herself. First appearing in The Adventures of Superman #500, he is the second character known as Steel and was created by Louise Simonson and artist Jon Bogdanove. Aspects of the character are inspired by the African American folk hero John Henry, as well as Superman. Doctor John Henry Irons was a brilliant weapons engineer for AmerTek Industries, who became disgusted when the BG-60, a powerful man-portable energy cannon he had designed, fell into the wrong hands and was used to kill innocent people; as the company would have coerced him to retain his services, John faked his death, came to Metropolis.
His own life was saved by none other than Superman. When John Irons asked how he could show his gratitude, Superman told him to "live a life worth saving". During Superman's fatal battle against Doomsday, Irons attempted to help Superman fight the deadly menace by picking up a sledge hammer, but was buried in rubble amidst the devastation. Shortly after Superman's death, he awoke and crawled from the wreckage and saying that he "must stop Doomsday", he recovered, but to discover that the gangs in inner-city Metropolis were fighting a devastating gang war using BG-80 Toastmasters, an upgraded version of his earlier AmerTek design. Irons created and donned a suit of powered armor in Superman's memory in order to stop the war, as well as the weapons, which were being distributed by Dr. Angora Lapin, a former partner and lover during his time at AmerTek Industries; the "Reign of the Supermen" story arc saw the rise of four "Supermen" who were differentiated from each other with nicknames applied to Superman.
Although Steel never claimed to be the "true Superman", Lois Lane considered the possibility that he was a walk-in—someone, now inhabited by Superman's soul. Lois met all four "Supermen" that appeared after the apparent death of Superman, while she never concluded that any of them was the one true Superman, she evinced less skepticism of Steel than she did of the others. Steel was spin off into a solo series, written by co-creator Louise Simonson and by Christopher Priest, from 1994–1998; the series began by having Steel leave Metropolis and return home to Washington, D. C. revealing that it had been five years since he had left. He erroneously believed that AmerTek, would no longer be interested in him; this turned out to be false. Between this attack and his knowledge that the Toastmasters were now being used on the streets of D. C. he reforged his armor. Steel decided not to use the "S" emblem, since he felt that his battle might take him outside the law. Steel's family was introduced in this series: his grandparents and Bess, his sister-in-law Blondell, her five children: Jemahl, Paco and Darlene.
Steel's early adventures pitted him against AmerTek and against the gangs that were using his weapons. His nephew, was involved in one of the gangs, which he thought offered him protection, he was proven wrong, when the gangs turned against him to get to Steel. Tyke was paralyzed by a bullet meant for Blondell was assaulted. Steel took down AmerTek and the gangs, focused on, helping AmerTek distribute the weapons; this led him to track down a group called Black Ops, led by the villain Hazard. Steel joined up with Maxima, still on Earth at the time and working with the Justice League, to help her with an alien warlord named De'cine. During this time, Steel developed the ability to teleport his armor off himself. At first, it appeared purely by reflex but he soon began to better control it, although he had no idea how it happened. Steel continued his battle against the return of the White Rabbit. A bounty hunter named Chindi attempted to take down Steel, but after realizing Hazard was experimenting with children, he ended up as an ally of Irons.
He was called away from Earth as part of the Superman "Rescue Squad" when Superman was put on trial for the destruction of Krypton. Tragedy would strike the Irons family upon his return from space. Tyke and angry over his handicap, revealed Iron's true identity to men working with Hazard. Hazard unleashed. Most of them received minor injuries, though Butter was wounded. Child protective services came to reclaim Darlene. Tyke was shown to end up in the custody of Hazard. Hardwire battled Steel at the Washington Monument. Steel had to send his armor away to save his life—this resulted in his secret identity being revealed to the world at large. Steel was taken by Hazard, but managed to escape. Steel retrieved an anti-matter weapon called the Annihilator, which he had designed and hidden years before, for his showdown with Hazard, he learned at this point that h
The Teen Titans known as the New Teen Titans or the Titans, are a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics in an eponymous monthly series. As the group's name suggests, its members are teenage superheroes, many of whom have acted as sidekicks to DC's premiere superheroes in the Justice League. First appearing in 1964 in The Brave and the Bold #54, the team was founded by Kid Flash and Aqualad, with the team adopting the name Teen Titans in issue 60 following the addition of Wonder Girl to its ranks. Over the decades, DC has cancelled and relaunched Teen Titans many times, a variety of characters have been featured heroes in its pages. Significant early additions to the initial quartet of Titans were Green Arrow's sidekick, Aquagirl, Bumblebee and Dove, three heroes who did not wear costumes: boxer Mal Duncan, psychic Lilith, caveman Gnarrk; the series became a genuine hit for the first time however during its 1980s revival as The New Teen Titans under writer Marv Wolfman and artist George Pérez.
This run depicted the original Titans now as young adults and introduced new characters Cyborg and Raven, as well as the former Doom Patrol member Beast Boy, who would all become enduring fan-favorites. A high point for the series both critically and commercially was its famous "The Judas Contract" storyline, in which the team is betrayed by its member Terra to its archenemy Deathstroke. Stories in the 2000s introduced a radically different Teen Titans team made up of newer DC Comics sidekicks such as the new Robin, Wonder Girl, Kid Flash, as well as Superboy, some of whom had featured in the similar title Young Justice. Prominent additions from this era included Miss Martian, Ravager and Blue Beetle. Concurrently, DC published Titans, which featured some of the original and 1980s members now as adults, led by Dick Grayson in his adult persona of Nightwing. A new run following DC's The New 52 reboot in 2011 introduced new characters to the founding roster, including Solstice and Skitter, although this new volume proved commercially and critically disappointing for DC.
In 2016, DC used the Titans Hunt and DC Rebirth storylines to re-establish the group's original founding members and history, reuniting these classic heroes as the Titans, while introducing a new generation of Teen Titans led by new Robin featuring the new Aqualad and Kid Flash. The Teen Titans have been adapted to other media numerous times, have enjoyed a higher profile since Cartoon Network's light-hearted Teen Titans animated television series in the early-mid 2000s, as well as its DC Nation spin-off Teen Titans Go!. A live-action Teen Titans series was in development for the network TNT before moving production to DC's in-house web television service DC Universe, its characters and stories were adapted into the 2010s animated series Young Justice. Within DC Comics, the Teen Titans have been an influential group of characters taking prominent roles in all of the publisher's major company-wide crossover stories. Many villains who face the Titans have since taken on a larger role within the publisher's fictional universe, such as Deathstroke, the demon Trigon, the evil organization H.
I. V. E. Robin, Kid Flash and Aqualad team up to defeat a weather-controlling villain known as Mister Twister in The Brave and the Bold #54 by writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani, they appeared under the name "Teen Titans" in The Brave and the Bold #60, joined by Wonder Woman's younger sister Wonder Girl. After being featured in Showcase #59, the Teen Titans were spun off into their own series with Teen Titans #1 by Haney and artist Nick Cardy; the series' original premise had the Teen Titans helping teenagers and answering calls. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that Haney "took some ribbing for the writing style that described the Teen Titans as'the Cool Quartet' or'the Fab Foursome'; the attempt to reach the youth culture embracing performers like the Beatles and Bob Dylan impressed some observers." Green Arrow's sidekick Speedy makes guest appearances before joining the team in Teen Titans #19. Aqualad takes a leave of absence from the group in the same issue, but makes several guest appearances, sometimes with girlfriend Aquagirl.
Neal Adams was called upon to rewrite and redraw a Teen Titans story, written by Len Wein and Marv Wolfman. The story, titled "Titans Fit the Battle of Jericho!", would have introduced DC's first African American superhero but was rejected by publisher Carmine Infantino. The revised story appeared in Teen Titans #20. Wolfman and Gil Kane created an origin for Wonder Girl in Teen Titans #22 and introduced her new costume. Psychic Lilith Clay and Mal Duncan join the group. Beast Boy of the Doom Patrol makes a guest appearance seeking membership, but was rejected as too young at the time; the series explored events such as protests against the Vietnam War. One storyline beginning in issue #25 saw the Titans deal with the accidental death of a peace activist, leading them to reconsider their methods; as a result, the Teen Titans abandoned their identities to work as ordinary civilians, but the effort was a
John Byrne (comics)
John Lindley Byrne is a British-born, Canadian raised, American writer and artist of superhero comics. Since the mid-1970s, Byrne has worked on many major superheroes, with noted work on Marvel Comics' X-Men and Fantastic Four and the 1986 relaunch of DC Comics' Superman franchise, the first issue of which featured comics' first variant cover. Coming into the comics profession as penciller, inker and writer on his earliest work, Byrne began co-plotting the X-Men comics during his tenure on them, launched his writing career in earnest with Fantastic Four. During the 1990s he produced a number of creator-owned works, including Next Men and Danger Unlimited, he scripted the first issues of Mike Mignola's Hellboy series and produced a number of Star Trek comics for IDW Publishing. In 2015, Byrne and his X-Men collaborator Chris Claremont were entered into the Will Eisner Award Hall of Fame, he is the co-creator of such Marvel characters as Kitty Pryde, Emma Frost, Shadow King, Scott Lang, Omega Red and Rachel Summers.
Byrne was born in Walsall and raised in West Bromwich in Staffordshire, where he lived with his parents and his maternal grandmother. While living there, prior to his family emigrating to Canada when Byrne was 8, he was first exposed to comics, saying in 2005, y'journey into comics' began with George Reeves' Superman series being shown on the BBC in England when I was about 6 years old. Not long after I started watching that series I saw one of the hardcover and white'Annuals' that were being published over there at the time, soon after found a copy of an Australian reprint called Super Comics that featured a story each of Superboy, Johnny Quick and Batman; the Batman story hooked me for life. A couple of years my family emigrated to Canada and I discovered the vast array of American comics available at the time, his first encounter with Marvel Comics was in 1962 with Stan Lee and Jack Kirby's Fantastic Four #5. He commented that "the book had an'edge' like nothing DC was putting out at the time".
Jack Kirby's work in particular had a strong influence on Byrne and he has worked with many of the characters Kirby created or co-created. Besides Kirby, Byrne was influenced by the naturalistic style of Neal Adams. In 1970, Byrne enrolled at the Alberta College of Design in Calgary, he created the superhero parody Gay Guy for the college newspaper, which poked fun at the campus stereotype of homosexuality among art students. Gay Guy is notable for featuring a prototype of the Alpha Flight character Snowbird. While there, he published his first comic book, ACA Comix #1, featuring "The Death's Head Knight". Byrne left the college in 1973 without graduating, he broke into comics with a "Fan Art Gallery" piece in Marvel's promotional publication FOOM in early 1974 and by illustrating a two-page story by writer Al Hewetson in Skywald Publications' black-and-white horror magazine Nightmare #20. He began freelancing for Charlton Comics, making his color-comics debut with the E-Man backup feature "Rog-2000", starring a robot character he'd created in the mid-1970s that colleagues Roger Stern and Bob Layton named and began using for spot illustrations in their fanzine CPL.
A Rog-2000 story written by Stern, with art by Byrne and Layton, had gotten the attention of Charlton Comics editor Nicola Cuti, who extended Byrne an invitation. Written by Cuti, "Rog-2000" became one of several alternating backup features in the Charlton Comics superhero series E-Man, starting with the eight-page "That Was No Lady" in issue #6. While, Byrne's first published color-comics work, "My first professional comic book sale was to Marvel, a short story called Dark Asylum'... which languished in a flat file somewhere until it was used as filler in Giant-Size Dracula #5, long after the first Rog story." The story was written by David Anthony Kraft. After the Rog-2000 story, Byrne went on to work on the Charlton books Wheelie and the Chopper Bunch, Space: 1999, Emergency!, co-created with writer Joe Gill the post-apocalyptic science-fiction series Doomsday + 1. Byrne additionally drew a cover for the supernatural anthology The Many Ghosts of Doctor Graves #54. Byrne said he broke into Marvel comics after writer Chris Claremont...saw my work and began agitating for me to draw something he had written.
When Pat Broderick missed a deadline on the'Iron Fist' series in Marvel Premiere, John Verpoorten fired him and offered the book to me.... I turned around the first script in time to meet the deadline, so started getting more work from Marvel, until I was able to leave Charlton and focus on the Marvel stuff." Byrne soon went on to draw series including The Champions and Marvel Team-Up. Byrne first drew the X-Men in Marvel Team-Up #53. For many issues, he was paired with Claremont, with whom he teamed for some issues of the black-and-white Marvel magazine Marvel Preview featuring Star-Lord; the Star-Lord story was inked by Terry Austin, who soon afterward teamed with Claremont and Byrne on X-Men. Byrne joined Claremont beginning with The X-Men #108, their work together, along with inker Terry Austin, on such classic story arcs as "Proteus", "Dark Phoenix Saga", "Days of Future Past" would make them both fan favorites. Byrne insisted that the title keep its Canadian character and contributed a series of story elements to justify Wolverine's presence which made the character among the most popular in Marvel's publishing history.
With issue #114, Byrne beg