Margaret Nixon McEathron, known professionally as Marni Nixon, was an American soprano and ghost singer for featured actresses in movie musicals. She is now well known as the real singing voices of the leading actresses in several musical films, including Deborah Kerr in The King and I, Natalie Wood in West Side Story, Audrey Hepburn in My Fair Lady, although this was concealed at the time from audiences. Besides her voice work in films, Nixon's varied career included some film roles of her own, opera, musicals on Broadway and elsewhere throughout the United States, concerts with major symphony orchestras, recordings. Born in Altadena, California, to Charles Nixon and Margaret Elsa McEathron, Nixon was a child film actress who played the violin and began singing at an early age in choruses, including performing solos with the Roger Wagner Chorale, she went on to study singing and opera with, among others, Vera Schwarz, Carl Ebert, Boris Goldovsky and Sarah Caldwell. In 1947, having adopted the stage name "Marni Nixon", she made her Hollywood Bowl solo debut in Carmina Burana with the Los Angeles Philharmonic under conductor Leopold Stokowski.
Nixon's career in film started in 1948 when she sang the voices of the angels heard by Ingrid Bergman in Joan of Arc. The same year, she did her first dubbing work when she provided Margaret O'Brien's singing voice in 1948's Big City and 1949's The Secret Garden, she sang for Jeanne Crain in Cheaper by the Dozen and dubbed Marilyn Monroe's high notes in "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" in Gentlemen Prefer Blondes. In 1953, she sang for Ida Lupino in Jennifer. Nixon appeared on Broadway in 1954 in The Girl in Pink Tights. In 1956, she worked with Deborah Kerr to supply the star's singing voice for the film version of Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I and the next year she again worked with Kerr to dub her voice in An Affair to Remember; that year, she sang for Sophia Loren in Boy on a Dolphin. In 1960, she had an on-screen chorus role in Can-Can. In 1961's West Side Story, the studio kept her work on the film a secret from the actress, Nixon dubbed Rita Moreno's singing in the film's "Tonight" quintet.
She asked the film's producers for, but did not receive, any direct royalties from her work on the film, but Leonard Bernstein contractually gave her 1/4 of one percent of his personal royalties from it. In 1962, she sang Wood's high notes in Gypsy. For My Fair Lady in 1964, she again worked with the female lead of the film, Audrey Hepburn, to perform the songs of Hepburn's character Eliza; because of her uncredited dubbing work in these films, Time magazine called her "The Ghostess with the Mostest". Nixon made guest appearances with Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts, including in 1960, singing "Improvisation sur Mallarmé I" from Pli selon pli by Pierre Boulez, on April 9, 1961, in a program entitled "Folk Music in the Concert Hall", singing three "Songs of the Auvergne" by Joseph Canteloube. Before My Fair Lady was released in theatres in 1964, Nixon played Eliza in a revival of the musical at New York City Center. Nixon's first onscreen appearance was as Sister Sophia in the 1965 film The Sound of Music.
In the DVD commentary to the film, director Robert Wise comments that audiences were able to see the woman whose voice they knew so well. In 1967, she was the singing voice of Princess Serena in a live action and animated version of Jack and the Beanstalk on NBC. In the 1960s, but earlier and Nixon made concert appearances, specializing in contemporary music as a soloist with the New York Philharmonic, gave recitals at Carnegie Hall, Alice Tully Hall and Town Hall in New York City. Nixon taught at the California Institute of the Arts in Santa Clarita from 1969 to 1971 and joined the faculty of the Music Academy of the West, Santa Barbara, in 1980, where she taught for many years. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, she hosted a children's television show in Seattle on KOMO-TV channel 4 called Boomerang, winning four Emmy Awards as best actress, made numerous other television appearances on variety shows and as a guest star in prime time series. Nixon's opera repertory included Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos, Susanna in The Marriage of Figaro, both Blonde and Konstanze in Die Entführung aus dem Serail, Violetta in La traviata, the title role in La Périchole and Philine in Mignon.
Her opera credits included performances at Los Angeles Opera, Seattle Opera, San Francisco Opera and the Tanglewood Music Festival among others. In addition to giving recitals, she appeared as an oratorio and concert soloist with the New York Philharmonic under Leonard Bernstein, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Cleveland Orchestra, Toronto Symphony Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra and the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra among others. Nixon toured with Liberace and Victor Borge and in her own cabaret shows. On stage, in 1984, she originated the role of Edna Off-Broadway in Taking My Turn, composed by Gary William Friedman, receiving a nomination for a Drama Desk Award, she originated the role of Sadie McKibben in Opal, she had a 1997 film role as Aunt Alice in I Think I Do. Under her own name, beginning in the 1980s, Nixon recorded songs by Jerome Kern, George Gershwin and various classical composers, she was nominated for two Grammy Awards for Best Classical Performance, Vocal Soloist, one for her Schönberg album and one for her Copland album.
In the 1998 Disney film Mulan, Nixon was the singing voice of "Grandmother Fa". She returned to the stage, touring the United States as Fraulein Schneider in Cabaret in 1997–1998, she sang on more than 50 soundtrac
Anna Nicole Smith
Anna Nicole Smith was an American model and television personality. Smith first gained popularity in Playboy magazine when she won the title of 1993 Playmate of the Year, she modeled including Guess, H&M, Heatherette and Lane Bryant. Smith dropped out of high school at age 14 in 1982 and married in 1985, her publicized second marriage to 89-year old J. Howard Marshall, a billionaire as a result of his 16% ownership stake in Koch Industries, resulted in speculation that she married the octogenarian for his money, which she denied. Following Marshall's death, Smith began a lengthy legal battle over a share of his estate, her cases reached the Supreme Court of the United States: Marshall v. Marshall on a question of federal jurisdiction and Stern v. Marshall on a question of bankruptcy court authority. During the final six months of her life, Smith was the focus of renewed press coverage surrounding the death of her son and the paternity and custody battle over her newborn daughter, Dannielynn Birkhead.
Smith died in 2007 in a Hollywood, hotel room as a result of an overdose of prescription drugs. Smith was born Vickie Lynn Hogan in 1967 in Houston and raised in Mexia, Texas, she was the daughter of Donald Eugene Hogan and Virgie Mae Arthur, who married on February 22, 1967 and divorced on November 4, 1969. She had five half siblings: Donna Hogan, David Tacker Jr. Donnie Hogan, Amy Hogan and Donald Hart. Smith was raised by an aunt. Smith's mother married Donald R. Hart in 1971, after which Smith changed her name from Vickie Hogan to Nikki Hart. Smith attended Durkee Elementary Aldine Senior High School in Houston; when she was in the ninth grade, she was sent to live with her mother's younger sister, Kay Beall, in Mexia, Texas. At Mexia High School, Smith failed her freshman year and dropped out of school during her sophomore year. Smith appeared on the cover of the March 1992 issue of Playboy magazine as Vickie Smith, she appeared as the Playboy Playmate of the Month in a pictorial shot by Stephen Wayda for the May 1992 issue.
Smith secured a contract to replace supermodel Claudia Schiffer in a Guess jeans ad campaign featuring a series of sultry black-and-white photographs. During the Guess campaign, Smith changed her name to Anna Nicole Smith. Guess photographers noticed Smith bore a striking resemblance to bombshell Jayne Mansfield and showcased her in several Mansfield-inspired photo sessions. In 1993, she modeled for the Swedish clothing company H&M, which led to her being pictured on large billboards in Sweden and Norway. Smith appeared on the cover of German magazine Marie Claire, photographed by Peter Lindbergh. A photograph of Smith was used by New York magazine on the cover of its August 22, 1994 issue titled White Trash Nation. In the photo, she appears squatting in a short skirt with cowboy boots. In October 1994, her lawyer, T. Patrick Freydl, initiated a $5 million lawsuit against the magazine, claiming that Smith did not authorize the use of her photo; the suit alleged that the article damaged her reputation.
Freydl stated that Smith was under the impression that she was being photographed to embody the "all-American look." Editor Kurt Andersen said that the photo was one of dozens taken for the cover, further stating, "I guess they just found the picture we chose unflattering." The lawsuit was reported to be settled. Smith was successful as a model, she made her screen debut in the 1994 screwball comedy film, The Hudsucker Proxy as Za-Za, a flirtatious celebrity who flirts with the lead character, played by Tim Robbins, in a barbershop scene. Smith was next given a larger role as Tanya Peters in Naked Gun 33⅓: The Final Insult, released seven days after her initial film debut, her role as a pivotal contact to a crime earned her favorable reviews and the film enjoyed box office success. Despite the publicity for her performance in both films, neither did much to advance her acting career. Smith wanted to be taken more as an actress, but Hollywood studios were reluctant, her persona of a ditzy dumb blonde was compressed in her film roles, which sought only to market her physical assets.
In an attempt to earn acting respect, Smith agreed to appear in To the Limit, her first starring role. She played a retired spy seeking revenge on the murderer of her husband. Although the film was publicized and boasted a lavish budget and script, Smith's performance drew negative reviews and was a box office bomb, it was Smith's only venture in a mainstream Hollywood leading role. Smith appeared as herself in the 1995 pilot episode of The Naked Truth attempted to revitalize her film career with a leading role in Skyscraper in 1996; the low-budget, direct-to-video film offered Smith no more than "soft-core exploitation" and her movie career again stalled. In the late 1990s, Smith focused her acting career on television, she appeared on the variety series Sin City Spectacular in 1998. That same year, Smith appeared in the tell-all self-promoting film, Anna Nicole Smith: Exposed, based on several photo sessions during her Playboy career, she appeared as Donna, the friend of Veronica Chase, played by Kirstie Alley, on the sitcom Veronica's Closet in 1999.
Smith guest-starred as Myra Jacobs in a 1999 episode of Ally McBeal. In the early 2000s, Smith had few acting roles; as a result of her rising popularity with tabloids and gossip columnists, Smith was given her own reality show on the E! Cable network; the Anna Nicole Show premiered on August 4, 2002, achieving the highest cable rating for a reality show
Jule Styne was a British-American song writer and composer known for a series of Broadway musicals, which include several famous and revived shows which became successful films, including Gypsy, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Funny Girl. Styne was born to a Jewish family in London, England to immigrants from Ukraine, the Russian Empire who ran a small grocery. Before his family left Britain, he did impressions on the stage of well-known singers, including Harry Lauder who saw him perform and advised him to take up the piano. At the age of eight, he moved with his family to Chicago, where at an early age he began taking piano lessons, he proved to be a prodigy and performed with the Chicago, St. Louis, Detroit Symphonies before he was ten years old. Styne attended Chicago Musical College, but before he had attracted attention of another teenager, Mike Todd a successful film producer, who commissioned him to write a song for a musical act that he was creating, it was the first of over 1,500 published songs Styne composed in his career.
His first hit, "Sunday", was written in 1926. In 1929, Styne was playing with the Ben Pollack band. Styne was a vocal coach for 20th Century Fox, until Darryl F. Zanuck fired him because vocal coaching was "a luxury, we're cutting out those luxuries", told him he should write songs, because "that's forever". Styne established his own dance band, which brought him to the notice of Hollywood, where he was championed by Frank Sinatra and where he began a collaboration with lyricist Sammy Cahn, he and Cahn wrote many songs for the movies, including "It's Been a Long, Long Time", "Five Minutes More," and the Oscar-winning title song for Three Coins in the Fountain. He collaborated on the score for the 1955 musical film My Sister Eileen with Leo Robin. Ten of his songs were nominated for the Oscar, many written with Cahn, including "I've Heard That Song Before", "I'll Walk Alone", "It's Magic", "I Fall In Love Too Easily". In 1947, Styne wrote his first score for a Broadway musical, High Button Shoes, with Cahn, over the next several decades wrote the scores for many Broadway shows, most notably Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Peter Pan, Bells Are Ringing, Gypsy, Do Re Mi, Funny Girl, Lorelei and the Tony-winning Hallelujah, Baby!.
Styne wrote original music for the short-lived, themed amusement park Freedomland U. S. A. which opened on June 19, 1960. His collaborators included Sammy Cahn, Leo Robin, Betty Comden and Adolph Green, Stephen Sondheim, Bob Merrill. Carol Channing was the lead in many of his musicals, he was the subject of This Is Your Life for British television in 1978 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in New York's Time Square. Styne died of heart failure in New York City at the age of 88, his archive - including original hand-written compositions and production materials - is housed at the Harry Ransom Center. Styne was elected to the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972 and the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981, he was a recipient of a Drama Desk Special Award and the Kennedy Center Honors in 1990. Additionally, Styne won the 1955 Oscar for Best Music, Original Song for "Three Coins in the Fountain", "Hallelujah, Baby!" won the 1968 Tony Award for Best Original Score. A selection of the many songs that Styne wrote: "The Christmas Waltz" "Conchita Marquita Lolita Pepita Rosita Juanita Lopez" "Don't Rain on My Parade" "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend" "Everything's Coming Up Roses" "Every Street's a Boulevard in Old New York" "Fiddle Dee Dee" "Guess I'll Hang My Tears Out to Dry" "How Do You Speak to an Angel" "I Don't Want to Walk Without You" "I Fall in Love Too Easily" "I Still Get Jealous" "I'll Walk Alone" "It's Been a Long, Long Time" "It's Magic" "It's You or No One" "I've Heard That Song Before" "Just in Time" "Let Me Entertain You" "Let It Snow!
Let It Snow! Let It Snow!" "Long Before I Knew You" "Make Someone Happy" "Money Burns a Hole in My Pocket" "Neverland" "Papa, Wont You Dance with Me?" "The Party's Over" "People" "Saturday Night" sung by Frank Sinatra "Small World", from Gypsy, which became a moderate hit when sung by Johnny Mathis in 1959 "Sunday" with Ned Miller "The Things We Did Last Summer" "Time After Time" "Three Coins in the Fountain", Oscar-winning song from film "Together" "Pico and Sepulveda" Ice Capades of 1943 - Styne contributed one song Glad to See You! - closed in Philadelphia PA during tryout High Button Shoes Gentlemen Prefer Blondes Michael Todd's Peep Show - Styne contributed 2 numbers Two on the Aisle Hazel Flagg Peter Pan My Sister Eileen Bells Are Ringing Say, Darling A Party with Betty Comden and Adolph Green Gypsy Do Re Mi Subways Are For Sleeping Mr. Magoo's Christmas Carol Arturo Ui - Styne contributed incidental music to this Bertolt Brecht play Funny Girl Wonderworld - lyrics by Styne's son, Stanley Fade Out – Fade In Something More!
-directed by Styne The Dangerous Christmas of Red Riding Hood Hallelujah, Baby! Darling of the Day Look to the Li
How to Marry a Millionaire
How to Marry a Millionaire is a 1953 American romantic comedy film directed by Jean Negulesco and written and produced by Nunnally Johnson. The screenplay was based on the plays The Greeks Had a Word for It by Zoë Akins and Loco by Dale Eunson and Katherine Albert; the film stars Betty Grable, Marilyn Monroe, Lauren Bacall as three gold diggers, along with William Powell, David Wayne, Rory Calhoun, Cameron Mitchell. Although Grable received top billing in the screen credits, Monroe's name was listed first in all advertising, including the trailer. Made by 20th Century Fox, How to Marry a Millionaire was the first film to be filmed in the new CinemaScope wide-screen process, although it was the second CinemaScope film released by Fox after the biblical epic film The Robe. How to Marry a Millionaire was the first 1950s color and CinemaScope film to be shown on prime-time network television, though panned-and-scanned, when it was presented as the first film on NBC Saturday Night at the Movies on September 23, 1961.
The soundtrack to How to Marry a Millionaire was released on CD by Film Score Monthly on March 15, 2001. Resourceful Schatze Page, spunky Loco Dempsey, ditzy Pola DeBevoise, rent a luxurious Sutton Place penthouse in New York City from Freddie Denmark, avoiding the IRS by living in Europe; the women plan to use the apartment to marry them. When money is tight, Schatze pawns some of Freddie's furniture, without his knowledge. To their dismay, as winter approaches, the furnishings continue to be sold off. One day, Loco carries in some groceries, assisted by Tom Brookman. Tom is interested in Schatze, but she dismisses him, thinking he is poor, she tries to brush him off as she sets her sights on the charming, classy widower J. D. Hanley, whose worth is irreproachably large. All the while she is stalking the older J. D. Tom, very wealthy, keeps after her. After every one of their dates, she tells him she never wants to see him again as she refuses to marry a poor man again. Meanwhile, Loco becomes acquainted with Waldo Brewster.
He is married, but she agrees to go with him to his lodge in Maine, mistakenly thinking she is going to meet a bunch of Elks Club members. When they arrive, Loco is disappointed to find that the businessman was hoping to have an affair with her and set them up in a dingy lodge instead of the glamorous one she was expecting, she has to stay due to the trains not able to come till the next day. Waldo has to stay in the lodge until cured, he is nursed back to health with the help of Loco. Loco meets, she has no trouble transferring her affections to the handsome outdoorsman and they become engaged. When she finds out that he is just a forest ranger, she is disappointed, but Loco realizes that she loves him and is willing to overlook his financial shortcomings; the third member of the group, has myopia, but hates to wear her glasses in the presence of men, as she puts it, "Men aren't attentive to girls who wear glasses." She falls for a phony Arab oil tycoon, J. Stewart Merrill, not knowing he is a crooked speculator.
Luckily, when she takes a plane from LaGuardia Airport to meet him, she misreads Kansas City for Atlantic City on an airport sign and ends up on the wrong plane. She sits next to a man wearing glasses, who thinks she is "quite a strudel" and encourages her to put hers on, it turns out that he is the mysterious Freddie Denmark on his way to Kansas City to find the crooked accountant who got him into trouble with the IRS. He does not have much luck when he tracks the man down, but he and Pola become enamored with each other and marry. Loco and Pola are reunited with Schatze just before her wedding to J. D. Schatze finds herself unable to go through with the wedding and confesses to J. D. that she is in love with Tom. He graciously agrees to call off the wedding. Tom is among the wedding attendees and the two reconcile and marry, with Schatze still not knowing that he is rich. Afterwards, the three happy couples end up at a greasy spoon. Schatze jokingly asks Freddie about their financial prospects, which are slim.
When she gets around to Tom, he casually admits a net worth of around $200 million, lists an array of holdings, which none of the others appear to take seriously. He calls for the check, pulls out an enormous wad of money, pays with a $1,000 bill, telling the chef to keep the change; the three astonished women faint dead away onto the floor. Tom proposes the men drink a toast to their unconscious wives. Betty Grable as Loco Dempsey Marilyn Monroe as Pola Debevoise Lauren Bacall as Schatze Page David Wayne as Freddie Denmark Rory Calhoun as Eben Cameron Mitchell as Tom Brookman Alex D'Arcy as J. Stewart Merrill Fred Clark as Waldo Brewster William Powell as J. D. Hanley How to Marry a Millionaire was the first film to be filmed in the new CinemaScope wide-screen process, but it was the second CinemaScope film released by Fox, after the biblical epic film The Robe. 20th Century Fox started production on The Robe before it began production on How to Marry a Millionaire, although production on the latter was completed first.
The studio chose to present The Robe as its first CinemaScope production in late September or early October 1953 because it saw this film as being more family-friendly and attracting a larger audience to introduce its widescreen process. The film's cinematography was by Joseph MacDonald; the costume design was by Travilla. Between scenes, the cinematography has some iconic views of New York City. Views include: Rockefeller Center.
Kylie Ann Minogue known mononymously as Kylie, is an Australian-British singer and actress. She achieved recognition starring in the Australian soap opera Neighbours, where she played tomboy mechanic Charlene Robinson. Appearing in the series for two years, Minogue's character married Scott Robinson in an episode viewed by nearly 20 million people in the United Kingdom, making it one of the most watched Australian TV episodes ever. Since Minogue has been a recording artist and has achieved commercial success and critical acclaim in the entertainment industry. Minogue has been recognised with several honorific nicknames, most notably the "Princess of Pop." She is recognised as the highest-selling Australian artist of all time by the Australian Recording Industry Association. Born and raised in Melbourne, Minogue has worked and lived in the United Kingdom since the 1990s, she released her first studio album Kylie the next year. In 1992, she left PWL and signed with Deconstruction Records where she released her self-titled studio album and Impossible Princess, both of which received positive reviews from critics.
Returning to more mainstream dance-oriented music, Minogue signed to Parlophone and released Light Years. The followup, was a hit in many countries, including the United States; the lead single "Can't Get You Out of My Head" became one of the most successful singles of the 2000s, selling over ten million units. It is recognised as her "signature song" and was named "the catchiest song ever" by Yahoo! Music. Other successful singles by Minogue include "I Should Be So Lucky", "The Loco-Motion", "Especially for You", "Hand on Your Heart", "Better the Devil You Know", "Confide in Me", "Spinning Around", "Love at First Sight", "Slow", "2 Hearts" and "All the Lovers". In 2005, while Minogue was on her Showgirl: The Greatest Hits Tour, she was diagnosed with breast cancer. After treatment, she resumed the tour under the title Showgirl: The Homecoming Tour, which critics viewed as a "triumph". Minogue made her film debut in The Delinquents and portrayed Cammy in Street Fighter. Minogue has appeared in the films Moulin Rouge!, Jack & Diane, Holy Motors.
In 2014, she appeared as a judge on the third series of The Voice Australia. Her other ventures include children's books and fashion; as of 2015, Minogue has had worldwide record sales of more than 80 million. She has mounted several successful and critically acclaimed concert world tours and received a Mo Award for "Australian Entertainer of the Year" for her live performances. Minogue was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in the 2008 New Year Honours for services to Music, she was appointed by the French government as a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres for her contribution to the enrichment of French culture. Minogue was awarded an honorary Doctor of Health Science degree by Anglia Ruskin University for her work in raising awareness for breast cancer. In November 2011, on the 25th anniversary of the ARIA Music Awards, she was inducted by the Australian Recording Industry Association into the ARIA Hall of Fame. In December 2016, Billboard ranked her as the 18th most successful dance artist of all-time.
Minogue signed a new global recording contract with BMG Rights Management in early 2017. Her latest album Golden was released on 6 April 2018, debuting at No. 1 in the Australia. Kylie was born to Ronald Charles Minogue and Carol Ann Jones in Melbourne, Australia, on 28 May 1968, her father is a fifth generation Australian, has Irish ancestry, while her mother came from Maesteg, Wales. Jones had lived in Wales until age ten when her mother and father and Denis Jones, decided to move to Australia for a better life. Just before Kylie's birth, Ron qualified as an accountant and worked through several jobs while Carol worked as a professional dancer. Kylie's younger brother, Brendan, is a news cameraman in Australia, while her younger sister Dannii Minogue is a singer and television host; the Minogue family moved around various suburbs in Melbourne to sustain their living expenses, which Kylie found unsettling as a child. After the birth of Dannii, the family moved to South Oakleigh; because money was tight, Ron worked as an accountant at a family-owned car company and Carol worked as a tea lady at a local hospital.
After moving to Surrey Hills, Minogue attended Studfield Primary School before attending Camberwell Primary School. She went on to Camberwell High School. During her schooling years, Minogue found it difficult to make friends, she got her HSC with subjects including English. Minogue described herself as being of "average intelligence" and "quite modest" during her high school years. From the age of 11, Kylie appeared in small roles in soap operas including The Sullivans and Skyways. In 1985, she was cast in one of the lead roles in The Henderson Kids. Minogue took time off school to film The Henderson Kids and while Carol was not impressed, Minogue felt that she needed the independence to make it into the entertainment industry. During filming, co-star Nadine Garner labelled Minogue "fragile" after producers yelled at her for forgetting her lines. Minogue was dropped from the second season of the show after producer Alan Hardy felt the need for her character to be "written off". In retrospect, Hardy stated that removing her from the showing "turned out to be the best thing for her".
Interested in following a career in music, Minogue made a demo tape for the producers of weekly music programme Young Talent Time, which featured Dannii as a regular performer