Gentoo Linux is a Linux distribution built using the Portage package management system. Unlike a binary software distribution, the source code is compiled locally according to the user's preferences and is optimized for the specific type of computer. Precompiled binaries are available for those with no available source code. Gentoo Linux was named after the fast-swimming gentoo penguin; the name was chosen to reflect the potential speed improvements of machine-specific optimization, a major feature of Gentoo. Gentoo package management is designed to be modular, easy to maintain, flexible. Gentoo describes itself as a meta-distribution because of its adaptability, in that the majority of users have configurations and sets of installed programs which are unique to the system and the applications they use. Gentoo Linux was created by Daniel Robbins as the Enoch Linux distribution; the goal was to create a distribution without precompiled binaries, tuned to the hardware and only included required programs.
At least one version of Enoch was distributed: version 0.75, in December 1999. Daniel Robbins and the other contributors experimented with a fork of GCC known as EGCS developed by Cygnus Solutions. At this point, "Enoch" was renamed "Gentoo" Linux; the modifications to EGCS became part of the official GCC, other Linux distributions experienced similar speed increases. After problems with a bug on his own system, Robbins halted Gentoo development and switched to FreeBSD for several months saying, "I decided to add several FreeBSD features to make our autobuild system a true next-generation ports system."Gentoo Linux 1.0 was released on March 31, 2002. In 2004, Robbins set up the non-profit Gentoo Foundation, transferred all copyrights and trademarks to it, stepped down as chief architect of the project; the current board of trustees is composed of five members who were announced on March 2, 2008. There is a seven-member Gentoo Council that oversees the technical issues and policies of Gentoo; the Gentoo Council members are elected for a period of one year, each year by the active Gentoo developers.
When a member of the Council retires, the successor is voted into place by the existing Council members. The Gentoo Foundation is a 501 non-profit foundation, registered in the State of New Mexico. In late 2007, the Foundation's charter was revoked, but by May 2008 the State of New Mexico declared that the Gentoo Foundation, Inc. had returned to good standing and was free to do business. Gentoo appeals to Linux users who want full control of the software, installed and running on their computer. People who are prepared to invest the time required to configure and tune a Gentoo system can build efficient desktops and servers. Gentoo encourages users to build a Linux kernel tailored to their particular hardware, it allows fine control of which services are installed and running. A large collection of software is available; each package contains details of any dependencies on other software, so only the minimum set need be installed to run the required applications. Optional features of individual packages, for example whether they require LDAP support, can be selected by the user and any resulting package requirements are automatically included in the set of dependencies.
As Gentoo does not impose a standard look and feel, installed packages appear as their authors intended. Portage is package management system; the original design was based on the ports system used by the Berkeley Software Distribution based operating systems. The portage tree contains over 19,000 packages ready for installation in a Gentoo system. A single invocation of portage's emerge command can update the local copy of the portage tree, search for a package, or download and install one or more packages and their dependencies; the built-in features can be set for individual packages, or globally, with so-called "use flags". Pre-compiled binaries are provided for some applications with long build times, such as LibreOffice, Apache OpenOffice and Mozilla Firefox, but users lose the ability to customize optional features. There are configuration options to reduce compilation times by enabling parallel compilation and using pipes instead of temporary files. In addition, the user may be able to mount a large filesystem in RAM to speed up the process of building packages.
Some of these approaches have drawbacks and so are not enabled by default. When installing the same package on multiple computers with sufficiently similar hardware, the package may be compiled once and a binary package created for quick installation on the other computers; as Gentoo is a source-based distribution with a portage tree describing how to build the packages, adding instructions to build on different machine architectures is easy. Built on the IA-32 architecture, Gentoo has since been ported to many others, it is supported and considered stable on IA-32, x86-64, IA-64, PA-RISC, 32-bit and 64-bit PowerPC, 64-bit SPARC, DEC Alpha, both 32- and 64-bit ARM architectures. It is officially supported but considered in development state on MIPS, PS3 Cell Processor, System Z/s390, SuperH. Official support for 32-bit SPARC hardware has been dropped. Portability toward other operating systems, such as BSD-derived ones including macOS, is under active development by the Gentoo/Alt project; the Gentoo/FreeBSD proj
The Family Holiday Association is a United Kingdom charity, registered charity number 800262. It is the only national charity dedicated to providing seaside breaks and day trips for families struggling with some of the toughest challenges life can bring; the charity provides breaks for UK families struggling with problems such as severe and long-term illness, mental health issues and domestic violence. All the families helped by the charity are referred by someone working with them in a supporting role and families cannot apply for a break directly. By working with referrers, the Family Holiday Association ensures that the funds raised help the families who will benefit most; the referral network includes teachers, health visitors, social workers and other charities such as Barnardo’s and Shelter. The Family Holiday Association receives no government funding, is wholly reliant on the generosity of donors and other supporters; the charity is chaired by travel journalist and broadcaster Alison Rice, the charity President is Peter Long, Chairman of the Royal Mail and ex Joint Chief Executive of travel company TUI Group.
The Family Holiday Association became a registered national charity in 1975. The charity was started by North London couple Joan and Patrick Laurance, who had experienced first-hand what a difference a break away from home can make. Peter Binns, a school friend of Patrick, lived in Westcliff-on-Sea, he and his wife were planning a trip away and thought that their good friends the Laurances would benefit from a trip to the seaside as they were going through a difficult time. Joan and Patrick were at this point living in a single room with their daughter, in poor health, their second daughter had been born handicapped and, had died aged just three months. To make matters worse, Patrick had been made redundant; the family needed a break but couldn’t afford to go away. After returning home, the couple felt refreshed. Happy memories of their family break gave them the resolve to move forward; this got them to thinking, “Could we help others by providing holidays for families in similar situations?” By the early 1970s, Patrick was given an allowance for his duties.
One of his first ideas was to ask fellow councillors to donate their expenses to facilitate the launch of a new charity. According to Joan, “Pat could talk a cat into having puppies,” so it came as no surprise when most agreed. At the same time, he and Joan wrote to friends and relatives to ask if they would contribute £50, or whatever they could afford. In addition, who had gained experience and contacts in her work for the Samaritans and Red Cross, wrote to anyone she could think of, including trusts, to ask for help. Before long, the couple had the money they needed, by 1975 the Family Holiday Association had become registered a national charity. Soon the Laurances began to feel that they were in a position to write to their local social services department to ask if they knew of any families who might benefit from a holiday. At this time and Patrick decided that for a family to be awarded a holiday, the family needed to be under stress and not to have had a holiday for three years; the couple were keen that children should be able to see the seaside.
As far as the charity’s message was concerned, they wanted holidays to be seen as a necessity and not a luxury – a key principle of the Family Holiday Association that survives to this day. The Family Holiday Association was founded on the principle that spending quality time together as a family away from home results in stronger and happier families and communities. For the founders Patrick and Joan Laurance, this was based on personal experience, yet there is a significant body of academic research that supports the work the charity does The charity maintains a dedicated online resource – or Knowledge Bank – for social tourism, hosted on the Holidays Matter website. It documents a range of literature from journal articles, reports and other sources; the Knowledge Bank is updated to include any new published literature and research. The charity has helped found the Social Tourism Consortium together with organisations such as the Youth Hostels Association, The Family Fund and UNISON Welfare.
The consortium is responsible for a series of seminars that have been held in both London and Edinburgh. The charity is a member of BITS the Brussels-based International Bureau of Social Tourism; the charity's family holiday programme runs between mid-October each year. Families referred by frontline care professionals are helped to access a break away from home during this time, their holiday comprises a day trip or a few days by the British seaside; the charity asks for feedback on the breaks provided, in order to make any necessary adjustments and continually improve their work. Based on this feedback, they produce an Impact Report summary of the holiday season. 5,184 families benefitted from a short break or day out - that's 11,222 children and 7,767 adults Half the families helped had a break together for the first time The charity worked with over 1,000 referrers nationwide from 188 local authority areasHow families benefitted 99% had fun and created happy memories 98& of children had new experiences 96% of families had a chance to spend more time together 94% were more optimistic 92% reduced stress and worries 92% got on better as a family 91% of families were able to cope better after the break 87% had more confidenceIssues affecting families* 61% mental health issues 34% domestic violence 32% physical health issues 15% bereavement 12% victims of antisocial behaviour and crime*Most families
The École Centrale de Marseille is a leading graduate school of engineering located in Marseille, the second largest city in France. The École Centrale de Marseille was created in 2006 by the merging of different previous institutions and has its origins from the École d'ingénieurs de Marseille founded in 1890, it is a member of the TIME network. The Ecole Centrale de Marseille is a multidisciplinary school, where the great majority of the students have endured two or three years of intensive maths and physics training; the students do not have any particular major before the last year, during which they have to choose among a few electives: Mechanical engineering Chemical engineering Physics and electrical engineering Business Administration and Finance Mathematics and computer scienceThe students can complete their last year in one of the other Centrale Graduate Schools or be part of an exchange program. There are three-years PhD programs available in all the aforementioned domains of research.
Being a part of the TIME network, the school has exchange program with many universities across the world, among them Technical University of Munich, Cranfield University, Royal Institute of Technology, Penn State, University of São Paulo, University of Waterloo, Keio University or University of Chile. Eight research laboratories are under the joint leadership of Ecole Centrale Marseille and Aix-Marseille University: Laboratory for Mechanics and Acoustics Institut Fresnel Institute of Research on Non Equilibrium Phenomena Institute of Molecular Sciences of Marseille Mechanics and Clean Processes Research Group in Quantitative Economics of Aix-Marseille Laboratory of Analysis and Probability Laboratory of Fundamental Computer Science Ecole Centrale de Marseille is ranked among the top 20 French Grandes Ecoles, though it doesn't appear in international rankings due to its limited number of students; the alumni network is made of over 14,000 graduates. Simon Méry, co-founder in 1899 of the French motor company Turcat-Méry Alain Dutheil, former COO at STMicroelectronics, former CEO at ST-Ericsson François Guibert, CEO at STMicroelectronics Asia-Pacific Official website
Arthur William Wermuth, Jr. dubbed the "One-Man Army of Bataan," was a United States Army officer during World War II and a prisoner of war from April 1942 until August 1945. Wermuth was born in South Dakota, but raised in Chicago's Lakeview neighborhood at 3631 N. Janssen Avenue, his hometown during World War II was listed as Michigan. His father was a doctor and World War I veteran who died in 1937 and his mother was Clara Natalie Lorenz, his sister, was a professional dancer in the Chicago in the 1940s using the stage name Talia. Wermuth was a graduate of Northwestern Military and Naval Academy in 1932, he was an athletic youth and participated in many sports at the academy including in crew, football and baseball. His teammates nicknamed him "Satch." He was an outfielder with a. 299 batting average in baseball. In track and field he discus; the student Log Book described him saying, "Defensively, he was a hard man to get through. Offensively, many gains were made through holes he opened."He graduated from North Park College and Loyola University.
At Loyola University, he received a Bachelor of Science in Bacteriology. Wermuth was married to Jean Wilkins, of Chicago, from June 1, 1935 until they divorced in 1947. Wermuth received his Army commission in 1936, he served in the infantry reserves as a Second Lieutenant in the Civilian Conservation Corps and was stationed near Watersmeet, Michigan. It was during this time, he entered active duty January 1941 at Fort Brady, Sault Ste. Marie, where he remained until April 1941, he was promoted to Captain December 19, 1941 after the invasion of the Philippines and was one of a handful of Americans in the Filipino 57th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Scouts. On January 5, 1942, Wermuth organized a group of 185 Filipinos into a group that became known as "suicide snipers" to counter enemy infiltration behind American lines and as a counter-sniper force. Over the next three weeks he and his force claimed over 500 enemy killed while losing 45 of its own, he was shot in the leg in January while on a successful mission to destroy a bridge and burn an enemy encampment.
On February 3, he was carried back to receive treatment. On February 15, he rejoined his battalion. In early April he fell down a ravine and was injured on a large boulder, he awakened in Field Hospital Number 2. Wermuth received the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions in January 1942 in the Philippines, he became known as the "one-man army of Bataan" and was credited with over 116 kills. He received the Silver Star and three Purple Heart decorations. Wermuth's injuries forced him to remain in a Japanese hospital until May 25, 1942 when he was transported to New Bilibid Prison, his injuries spared him from the Bataan Death March. After Bilibid, he was transported via boxcar to a camp near Cabanatuan. In September, he was sent to Lipa City and placed in charge of a 500-man work detail to construct a runway. During the construction, his crew deliberately sabotaged the runway so that it buckled under the weight of landing bombers, his injuries forced him to be sent back to Bilibid in January 1943, where he was operated on April 1943 by an American surgeon, in captivity.
In June, he was sent back to Cabanatuan to join a farming detail. In January 1944 his detail was being worked to the point; when he demanded that the Japanese commander take it easy on his men, he received a severe beating, damaging his kidneys and sending him back to a hospital. On October 13, 1944, he was transferred back to Bilibid until December, when he boarded the "hell ship" Oryoku Maru as one of 1620 prisoners; because the prison ship was unmarked, it was bombed December 15, 1944 at Olongapo in Subic Bay by aircraft from USS Hornet who mistook it for a troop transport, killing several hundred POWs. Wermuth was transported by boxcar to San Fernando. 160 men were placed in his car and as there was no room to move or sit, were forced to stand for the duration of the 26-hour trip. According to Wermuth, the man beside him died on his feet and was held in place by the crowd for the rest of the trip since there was no room to remove the corpse. In January 1945, he was transported to Formosa aboard the Enoura Maru.
Wermuth received his fourth Purple Heart due to the injuries sustained when bombers from the USS Hornet attacked Enoura Maru. Next he was transported to Japan to Pusan, Korea to Mukden, where his prison camp was liberated by the Russians in August 1945; when he was found, he weighed 105 pounds. Wermuth returned to the United States on the transport SS Marine Shark, arriving November 1, 1945 in San Francisco. On his return, he modestly credited the Filipino scouts for many of his exploits saying, "Ninety percent of the credit for what I did was due to them. They're the best soldiers in the world. I just happened to be in the right place at the right time." Shortly after the war ended, Olivia Josephine Oswald, a Filipino nurse, claimed to have married Wermuth December 7, 1941 on the rooftop of the Great Eastern hotel in Manila, though this was disputed by Wermuth. His divorce to Jean was finalized June 4, 1947 and the same day he married Patricia Steele, a 23-year-old parachutist from Denver, Colorado.
He and Patricia adopted an 8 year old named David about 1956. In 1948, Wermuth was elected Marshal of City Court in Kansas, and subsequently arrested L. Ron Hubbard in 1951, he was a
Mayanginen Thayanginen is a 2012 Tamil thriller film written and directed by T. S. Vendan, who earlier directed Inba; the film stars Nithin Sathya and Disha Pandey in the lead roles with Pawan, Tarun Shatriya and Tejashree in supporting roles. The film, in production since 2010 was released on 1 June 2012 and received negative reviews. Aadi Varum Theru - Mukesh, Chinnaponnu Kanavinil Neeyum - Vijay Prakash Mayanginen Thayanginen - Sathyaprakash Kadavulin Koil - Shweta Mohan Unnai Vittu Ponaal - Haricharan Mayanginen Thayanginen - Thilaka
Ann Rivers is an American politician, who has served as a Republican member of the Washington State Senate since she was appointed to represent the 18th district in 2012, upon the resignation of Joe Zarelli. Prior to this she was a member of the Washington House of Representatives. In her first full term, a Majority Coalition Caucus was formed, taking control away from the Democrats in the state senate. Rivers was appointed to be majority whip for a rare appointment for a freshman senator, she won re-election for another four-year term in 2012, with 67% of the vote against 32% for her opponent, Ralph Schmidt. Prior to her holding elected office, Rivers led AMR Consulting, a political consulting firm which aided candidates in their elections for offices, as well as providing political consultation to corporate clients. In 2007, she was on the short list for candidates to be chosen to replace Richard Curtis in the state house, but Jaime Herrera Beutler was chosen instead. Rivers succeeded Herrera Beutler in the house after the latter's election to the United States Congress.
Rivers was born in 1968 in Michigan. She earned a bachelor's degree in political science from Central Michigan University. After graduating in 1990, Rivers worked as a 6th grade teacher. In 2002, she returned to school and graduated from Lewis and Clark College with a secondary teaching certificate. Though she didn't run for office herself until much she helped Bill Williams in his election to the Alaska legislature in 1992, became his chief of staff. During that election, she founded AMR Consulting, a public relations and government affairs consulting firm, which helped in many political campaigns and provided political consultation for corporations; when Representative Richard Curtis resigned from state house in 2007, Rivers was considered by the Clark County and Lewis County commissions to be a replacement but Jaime Herrera Beutler was chosen instead. Rivers was elected to the Washington House of Representatives in 2010 succeeding Herrera Beutler after Beutler's election to the United States Congress.
As a state representative, Rivers was the assistant whip for the House Republican Caucus. She served on the House's Business and Financial Services Committee, Judiciary Committee, Transportation Committee and Rules Committee, her website listed communication as being vital as a state representative. In January 2011, Rivers was selected to deliver the Republican response to governor Christine Gregoire's State of the State address. In the address, she listed economic recovery and employment as well as compromise with Gregoire as being the top priorities of her party. In February, Rivers submitted a bill to provide more funding for food banks and other charitable causes; the bill authorized public utilities to solicit and collect donations from customers to be put towards food programs for the poor. It made the donations received by utilities separate from gross income, allowing for it to be tax-free; the bill failed to make it to the Senate floor. In June 2012, about 18 months into her term as a representative, county commissioners appointed Rivers to the state senate to replace Joseph Zarelli, who resigned after 17 years in the senate.
Rivers won re-election in the 2012 election to a four-year term, with 67% of the vote, to 32% for her opponent, Ralph Schmidt. She outraised with $150,000, to just $5,000 for Schmidt. Rivers' ideas for improving the economy include making the climate friendlier for business, her plan includes reducing the burden of worker's compensation costs for businesses, reducing regulations, reducing permitting fees. Rivers was reelected again in 2016, receiving 63.81% of the vote to Democrat Eric Holt's 36.19%. Rivers has spoken about the Columbia River Crossing I-5 bridge replacement, saying that she disagreed with most everything about the current plan, that it does not do enough to solve the problem. Willamette Week of Portland labeled Rivers "The CRC killer" for her leadership role in the opposition to the proposed megaproject. Due to their opposition to the project, in July 2013, Governor Jay Inslee labeled both Rivers and Senator Don Benton from the neighboring 17th district "a brick wall to economic progress and CRC."
Speaking to a group of CRC supports, "The road to this bridge runs through two senators from this region. Those two senators have stymied any progress on this bridge project. … Until that changes, there’s not a lot I or you can do about that." In early 2012, Rivers was selected for the Council of State Governments for the Western Legislative Academy. Out of 93 applicants, 39, including Rivers, were chosen; the academy is a training institute for lawmakers in their first four years of service. In November 2012, shortly after entering office, Rivers was appointed to the Republican leadership as the minority whip; when the Majority Coalition Caucus was formed, taking control of the Senate away from the Democrats, Rivers was promoted to majority whip. It is rare for a freshman senator to be appointed to party leadership. Rivers introduced a bill in February 2013 to exempt nonprofit shooting clubs from paying sales and use taxes when they buy clay pigeons; the bill is cosponsored by Senators Don Pam Roach.
Earlier in February, Rivers introduced legislation attempting to lower restrictions on initiatives in Washington State, commenting, "If the people take the time to sign their name and say this is something we need to have a look at, we ought to respect that." Along with cosponsors Roach and Benton, Tim Eyman is cosponsoring the legislation. In March 2013, Rivers reprimanded senate Democrats for taking advantage of Janéa Holmquist Newbry's departure from the senate floor to feed her newborn son, leaving the Democrats in temporary co