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Genus–differentia definition

A genus–differentia definition is a type of intensional definition, it is composed of two parts: a genus: An existing definition that serves as a portion of the new definition. The differentia: The portion of the definition, not provided by the genus. For example, consider these two definitions: a triangle: A plane figure that has 3 straight bounding sides. A quadrilateral: A plane figure that has 4 straight bounding sides; those definitions can be expressed as one genus and two differentiae: one genus: the genus for both a triangle and a quadrilateral: "A plane figure" two differentiae: the differentia for a triangle: "that has 3 straight bounding sides." The differentia for a quadrilateral: "that has 4 straight bounding sides."The use of genus and differentia in constructing definitions goes back at least as far as Aristotle. The process of producing new definitions by extending existing definitions is known as differentiation; the reverse process, by which just part of an existing definition is used itself as a new definition, is called abstraction.

For instance, consider the following: a square: a quadrilateral that has interior angles which are all right angles, that has bounding sides which all have the same length. A part of that definition may be singled out: a square:, that has bounding sides which all have the same length.and with that part, an abstraction may be formed: a rectangle: a quadrilateral that has interior angles which are all right angles. The definition of a square may be recast with that abstraction as its genus: a square: a rectangle that has bounding sides which all have the same length; the definition of a square may be rearranged and another portion singled out: a square:, that has interior angles which are all right angles.leading to the following abstraction: a rhombus: a quadrilateral that has bounding sides which all have the same length. The definition of a square may be recast with that abstraction as its genus: a square: a rhombus that has interior angles which are all right angles. In fact, the definition of a square may be recast in terms of both of the abstractions, where one acts as the genus and the other acts as the differentia: a square: a rectangle, a rhombus.

A square: a rhombus, a rectangle. Hence, abstraction is crucial in simplifying definitions; when multiple definitions could serve well all such definitions apply simultaneously. Thus, a square is a member of both the genus rhombus. In such a case, it is notationally convenient to consolidate the definitions into one definition, expressed with multiple genera: a square: a rectangle and a rhombus.or equivalently: a square: a rhombus and a rectangle. More a collection of n > 1 equivalent definitions can be recast as one definition, expressed with n genera. Thus, the following: a Definition: a Genus1, a Genus2 and, a Genus3 and, a… and, a Genusn-1 and, a Genusn, which has some non-genus Differentia. A Definition: a Genus2, a Genus1 and, a Genus3 and, a… and, a Genusn-1 and, a Genusn, which has some non-genus Differentia. A Definition: a Genus3, a Genus1 and, a Genus2 and, a… and, a Genusn-1 and, a Genusn, which has some non-genus Differentia. … a Definition: a Genusn-1, a Genus1 and, a Genus2 and, a Genus3 and, a… and, a Genusn, which has some non-genus Differentia.

A Definition: a Genusn, a Genus1 and, a Genus2 and, a Genus3 and, a… and, a Genusn-1, which has some non-genus Differentia.could be recast as: a Definition: a Genus1 and a Genus2 and a Genus3 and a… and a Genusn-1 and a Genusn, which has some non-genus Differentia. A genus of a definition provides a means by which to specify an is-a relationship: A square is a rectangle, a quadrilateral, a plane figure, a… A square is a rhombus, a quadrilateral, a plane figure, a… A square is a quadrilateral, a plane figure, a… A square is a plane figure, a… A square is a…The non-genus portion of the differentia of a definition provides a means by which to specify a has-a relationship: A square has an interior angle, a right angle. A square has a straight bounding side. A square has a…When a system of definitions is constructed with genera and differentiae, the definitions can be thought of as nodes forming a hierarchy or—more generally—a directed acyclic graph; when a definition, S, is the tail of each of its successors S is called the species of each of its successors, each direct successor of S is called an individual of the species S.

Furthermore, the differentia of an individual

Goodnestone, Swale

Goodnestone is a village and civil parish in the Swale district of Kent, England. The civil parish is called Graveney with Goodnestone; the village is on the road'Head Hill Road' towards Graveney. The village was referred to in 1242 as "Godwineston", meaning "the farm or settlement of Godwin". Edward Hasted refers to it in 1798 as'Goodneston'. St Bartholomew's Church is an unspoilt Grade I listed, Norman church, built about 1100; the church has not been used for regular worship since 1982, but in 1996 it was vested in the Churches Conservation Trust. It was extensively repaired in 1997, in 2006 it was understood to be still consecrated; the other Grade II* listed building in the hamlet, is'Goodnestone Court'. Media related to Goodnestone, Swale at Wikimedia Commons

José Navas

José Navas is a contemporary choreographer and dancer born in Venezuela in 1965, based in Montreal, Quebec. José Navas began his training at the Taller de Danza in Caracas before moving to New York and studying at the Merce Cunningham Studio. There, he collaborated with Stephen Petronio, Michael Clark, Lucinda Childs and various other independent choreographers. In 1991 he began to choreograph, he founded Compagnie Flak in 1995. José Navas was first known for his talents as a soloist on the North American stages, he established himself as a choreographer proposing bold and unusual works. In 1998, he established his reputation in Canada with One Night Only 3/3, a daring and provocative trio. Crowned "Best young foreign choreographer" by the German magazine Ballet Tanz Aktuell International in 1999, he appeared the following year among the "100 people who move Quebec" in the French magazine L'Express. José Navas is the recipient of several awards. Among others, he shares a Bessie Award with choreographer William Douglas for the solo While Waiting and won the award for "Best Choreography for the Camera" at the Moving Picture Festival in Toronto for the celebrated art film Lodela, directed by Philippe Baylaucq.

In 2009, he had created over thirty works for the stage and screen and his company had toured in over 20 countries. Since 2004, he has focused his artistic research on the purity of movement. Abstraction, simplicity and depth are the words that best describe his current work. 2008: S 2008: Miniatures 2006: Anatomies 2006: Límpido Amor 2006: Calm Abiding 2005: Portable Dances 2004: Le Ciel, brûlant des heures 2001: Solo with Cello 2003: Adela, mi amor 2000: Perfume de Gardenias 1999: Côté cœur, côté jardin 1998: One Night Only 3/3 1998: Abstraction 1998: Enter: Last 1997: Bosquejo 1997: One Night Only 2/3 1997: One Night Only 1/3 1996: Sterile Fields 1996: Luna Llena 1996: Deep Down 1994: Postdata 1992: Flak 1992: Celestiales 1991: When We Dreamed the Other Heaven 1997: Sonata and... 1995: While waiting 2005: Choreographer for Adéla 2002: Choreographer and dancer in Perpetual Motion 2002: Director of Les Fleuves profonds 1997: Choreographer and dancer in The Golden City 1996: Dancer in The Village Trilogy 1995: Choreographer and dancer in Lodela 2011: Choreographer for Ora

Benjamin Wadsworth (actor)

Benjamin Wadsworth is an American actor. He is known for playing Marcus Lopez Arguello in Deadly Class. In October 2016, he was chosen to play Henry in the Let the Right One In series based on the homonymous novel by John Ajvide Lindqvist. However, TNT did not proceed with the series. Months Wadsworth made a special appearance in the final episode of the MTV series Teen Wolf titled "The Wolves of War" playing Alec. In November 2017, Wadsworth was chosen to play the main role of Marcus in the SyFy television series Deadly Class. Wadsworth auditioned for the role of Billy but when the producers discovered that he was Hispanic he was offered the role of Marcus. Wadsworth was born in Texas. In May 2019, Wadsworth and actress Stella Maeve became engaged, their first child, Jo Jezebel Wadsworth, was born January 29, 2020


Keds is an American brand of canvas shoes with rubber soles. Founded in 1916, the company is owned by Wolverine World Wide; the original shoe design, the Champion, was the first mass-marketed canvas-top "sneaker." In 1916, U. S. Rubber consolidated 30 different shoe brand names to create one company; the brand name "Peds" was chosen for the company from the Latin word for feet, but the name was trademarked. Keds was founded in 1916 and was acquired by Stride Rite Corporation; because the shoes had a soft rubber sole, they became known as sneakers as the rubber soles allowed "sneaking around silently". By the early 1920s, the shoes were worn by Olympic soccer players and international tennis champions, college athletes. In 1926, the Keds Triumph shoe was introduced. Keds released "Kedettes", a line of washable high-heeled shoes for women, in 1938. In 1949, Pro-Keds were introduced as a line of sneakers designed for athletic performance. Designed for basketball players, the original style, the Royal Tread, was endorsed by George Mikan.

In 1953, the Minneapolis Lakers were outfitted with Pro-Keds. Pro-Keds were intended to compete with Converse. Pro-Keds were worn by NBA stars including Willis Reed, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Nate "Tiny" Archibald, JoJo White, Bob Love, Lou Hudson, Bob Lanier and "Pistol" Pete Maravich, as well as music icons, The Ramones; the shoe earned cult status in the hip-hop community by the late 1970s. Stride Rite Corporation purchased Keds and Sperry Top-Sider from Uniroyal in 1979 for $18 million. From the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, Keds were popular and fashionable with girls from elementary school age through college age and adults; some popular ways Keds were worn included with slouch socks over leggings and an oversized sweater a V-neck style alone, or with a turtleneck underneath, a sweatshirt or turtleneck under a sweatshirt combo or a long tee shirt, or shortalls over a long or short sleeved tee. Moms wore these same shortalls outfits with their Keds as well. Keds were commonly worn with a babydoll or skater dress, bike shorts or knee length leggings or white slouch socks over black tights, or slouch socks over skinny or high waisted skinny jeans, along with many other styles.

Moms wore Keds sometimes sometimes without with their jeans and dresses too. Many cheerleaders wore Keds as part of their uniform during the mid 80's to the mid 90's. In the 1990s, Demi Moore voiced a television campaign for Keds. Mischa Barton, who starred in The O. C. became the face of Keds in an ad campaign in the late 2000s. In January 2012, Rick Blackshaw was appointed brand president of Keds. Collective Brands Inc. the parent company of Stride Rite Corporation and Keds, was acquired by Wolverine World Wide for $1.32 billion in May 2012. In September 2014, Chris Linder, former CMO and senior vice president of business development for Sperry Top-Sider, became president of Keds. Keds launched the "Ladies First Since 1916" campaign in July 2015, which focuses on female empowerment and featured celebrities including Taylor Swift. In 2016 Keds celebrated its centennial and the continuation of its "Ladies First Since 1916" campaign with a birthday celebration held during New York Fashion Week; the company announced that its shoe manufacturing was moving to Michigan, in the U.

S. for the first time in 35 years. The shoes have been featured in television and film including Kelly Kapowski on Saved by the Bell, Stephanie and D. J. on Full House, Lucy Camden on 7th Heaven, Becca Thatcher on Life Goes On, Frances "Baby" Houseman in Dirty Dancing, Cat on Sam and Cat. The shoes have been worn by celebrities including Marilyn Monroe, Jackie Kennedy Onassis, Katharine Hepburn, Paul Newman, Betty White, Humphrey Bogart, Ariana Grande, Fred Rogers, Taylor Swift. In the Stephen King novella Apt Pupil, guidance counselor Ed French owns several pairs of Keds, which he believes will endear him to the student body, they nickname him "Sneaker Pete" and "The Ked Man." In the film The Truth About Cats and Dogs, Ben Chaplin asks Janeane Garofalo to give him a personal item of hers. She tosses a shoe down to him and he picks it up and comments, "'s a Ked!" Keds has produced collaborative collections with companies including Kate Spade New York, Opening Ceremony, Steven Alan and Alice + Olivia.

In 2009, Keds launched a collaboration with Loomstate, sold at Barneys. The shoes were made with recycled rubber and non-toxic inks and dyes. Keds are mentioned in the Wheatus song "Teenage Dirtbag." The subject of the song is described as wearing "Keds and tube socks." Official website Keds Studio Keds Green Keds Kids Keds

Pallikoodam (film)

Pallikoodam is a 2007 Indian Tamil language feature film directed and cinematographed by Thangar Bachchan. Narain, Sriya Reddy and the director himself form the cast. Narain plays Vetrivel, a collector, while Sriya Reddy is a nurse, Sneha is a teacher named Kokila and Seeman plays Muthu; the film deals with four different periods – 1978, 1983, 1991 and 2004. The movie revolves around an ailing school in a village in Cuddalore district where the land owner wants to demolish the school while the old students prevent the school from getting shut. Kokila works in the school where she had studied; the school was constructed by Kokila’s grandfather years ago and dispute arises between her family members, where her uncle wanted to demolish the school and sell the land as the school is in a bad state. The school teachers come up with a plan of organising an alumni get together, so that the school can be saved. Kumarasamy aka Kumar is a poor man, the classmate of Kokila, he is sent to Kanchipuram to meet the district collector Vetrivel who happens to be the alumni of the same school.

Vetri and Kumar were close friends during childhood and both feel happy meeting after years. Meanwhile, the two get to meet Muthu, a film director now and is their close friend. All the three friends get united after many years. A flashback is shown where Vetri and Muthu were close friends during schooldays. All three belong to poor families and Vetri falls in love with his classmate Kokila, a rich girl. Jhansi is a nurse. All three boys get closer to Jhansi as she is kind and she looks after them well. Jhansi takes care of Muthu's education after his father’s sudden death. Meanwhile and Kokila’s love affair is known to her family members and they accuse that Jhansi helped the love and insults her in front of the villagers. Jhansi leaves the village. Muthu leaves the village along with Jhansi. Vetri goes out of village for undergraduation. Vetri clears civil services and comes back to village with plans of marrying Kokila in a registrar office, but Kokila refuses getting married without her family's consent and requests Vetri to meet her parents once with the hope that they would agree as he is well educated now.

But, Kokila's father beat Vetri and his father and in the fight, Vetri's father dies. Kokila's family members lock her in a room. Vetri gets furious that Kokila didn't turn up at the time of his visit and worries due to his father's death. Vetri decides to leave the village with no plans of returning again. Coming back to present, all three friends share their old good memories. Muthu is married and he takes care of Jhansi still. Kumar is married. Kumar describes the pathetic state of their old school in village and requests them to take some action to prevent it from getting shut; the friends decides to try. But Vetri is not interested to return to the village as he has been humiliated by Kokila’s family members long time ago. Kumar and Muthu convince Vetri to come to village. Kokila still loves Kumar lies to Kokila that Vetri is married which makes Kokila angry. Kokila feels that Vetri started a new life while she still loves him. An event has been organized to celebrate the 75th year of the school by inviting all the alumni.

Vetri and Muthu are invited as special guests. Vetri and Muthu visit their school. Vetri and Kokila donot talk to each other; the event is organized in a grand manner and this attracts the media attention also. But still the land owner wants to demolish the school. Vetri files a case on behalf of the school against Kokila's uncle and gets the verdict in favour of the school; the event happens and everyone feels happy that the school is saved as many alumni donate for renovation works. Now Kumar informs the truth that Vetri is not yet married and he just lied so that Kokila will forget him and make her mind for marrying someone else. Kokila understands Vetri’s love meanwhile Vetri understands that Kokila was helpless and was locked up by her family members while Vetri was beaten. Vetri and Kokila get united in the end. Narain as Vetrivel Sneha as Kokila Shreya Gupta as child Kokila Sriya Reddy as Jhansi Seeman as Muthu Thangar Bachchan as Kumarasamy Meenal Nagineedu The music is composed by Bharadwaj.

"Meendum Pallikku" – Bharadwaj - Snehan "Indha Nimidam" – Srinivas, Janani - Na. Muthukumar "Kaadu Padhungurome" – Ramji Isai Mazhalai - Viveka "Manasu Marugudhe" – Narayanan, Subhiksha - Thenmozhi "Rose Mary" – Gana Ulaganathan, Surmukhi Raman - Gana Ulaganathan "9 Manikku 9 Manikku" – Ramjis Esai Mazhalai - Viveka Rediff wrote "while Pallikkoodam lacks the class of Azhagi, you can at least return home with memories of your school life." Indiaglitz wrote "On the whole, the movie is good and takes one on a nostalgic journey". Behindwoods will be lapped up by the urban audience. If you thought Azhagi was a fantastic effort, chances are that you would have the same feeling with Tahnkar Bachaan’s new effort as well. Besides, the emotional aspect of the movie is sure to go down well with the female audience." The film grossed $110 million at the box office. The movie is based on the novel Kalavupona Pozhudhugal by Thangar Bachchan himself. Producer Viswas Sundar has sent a two-hour international copy of the film with English and French sub-titles to Canada