The Denver Post
The Denver Post is a daily newspaper that has been published in Denver, United States, since 1892. The Post is the newspaper of MediaNews Group Inc. founded in 1983 by William Dean Singleton. MediaNews is today one of the nations largest newspaper chains, publisher of 61 daily newspapers, MediaNews bought The Denver Post from the Times Mirror Co. on Dec.1,1987. Times Mirror had bought the paper from the heirs of founder Frederick Gilmer Bonfils in 1980, as the major newspaper in Denver, the Post ranks 12th daily and 10th Sunday of the largest-circulation newspapers in the United States. As of March 2016, it has a weekday circulation of 1.2 million. The Denver Post receives roughly six million unique visitors generating more than 13 million page views. In August 1892, The Evening Post was founded by supporters of Grover Cleveland with $50,000 and it was a Democratic paper used to publicize political ideals and stem the number of Colorado Democrats leaving the party. Cleveland had been nominated for president because of his reputation for honest government, however and eastern Democrats opposed government purchase of silver, Colorados most important product, which made Cleveland unpopular in the state.
Following the bust of silver prices in 1893, the country and Colorado went into a depression, a new group of owners with similar political ambitions raised $100,000 and resurrected the paper in June 1894. Neither had newspaper experience, but they were adept at the business of promotion, through the use of sensationalism and flamboyant circus journalism, a new era began for The Post. Circulation grew and eventually passed the three daily papers combined. On November 3,1895 the papers changed to Denver Evening Post. On January 1,1901 the word Evening was dropped from the name, among well-known Post reporters were Gene Fowler and sob sister Polly Pry. Damon Runyon worked briefly for The Post in 1905–06 before gaining fame as a writer in New York, after the deaths of Tammen and Bonfils in 1924 and 1933, Helen and May Bonfils, Bonfils daughters, became the principal owners of The Post. In 1946, The Post hired Palmer Hoyt away from the Portland Oregonian to become editor and publisher of the Post, with Hoyt in charge, news was reported fairly and accurately.
He took editorial comment out of the stories and put it on an editorial page and he called the page The Open Forum and it continues today. In 1960 there was an attempt by publishing mogul Samuel I. Newhouse. Helen Bonfils brought in her friend and lawyer Donald Seawell to save the paper, the fight led to a series of lawsuits as Post management struggled to maintain local ownership
General Electric Company
The General Electric Company, or GEC, was a major UK-based industrial conglomerate involved in consumer and defence electronics and engineering. The company was a constituent of the FTSE100 Index, in December 1999, GECs defence arm, Marconi Electronic Systems, was amalgamated with British Aerospace to form BAE Systems. The rest of GEC continued as Marconi plc, the financial troubles that followed the bursting of the dot-com bubble in 2001 led to the restructuring in 2003 of Marconi plc into Marconi Corporation plc. In 2005, Ericsson acquired the bulk of Marconi Corporation plc, along with its principal subsidiary, the remainder of the business was renamed Telent. GEC had its origins in the G. Binswanger and Company, regarded as the year GEC was founded,1886 saw a fellow immigrant, Hugo Hirst, join Byng, and the company changed its name to The General Electric Apparatus Company. Their small business found success with its unorthodox method of supplying electrical components over the counter.
Hugo Hirst was a salesman who saw the potential of electricity and was able to direct the standardisation of an industry in its infancy. He travelled across Europe with an eye for the latest products, the following year, the company acquired its first factory in Salford, where electric bells, ceiling roses and switches were manufactured. In 1889, the business was incorporated as a company known as General Electric Company Ltd. The company was expanding rapidly, opening new branches and factories and trading in everything electrical, in 1893, it decided to invest in the manufacture of lamps. The resulting company, was to lead the way in lamp design, GEC was incorporated as a public limited company, The General Electric Company Ltd. In 1902, its first purpose-built factory, the Witton Engineering Works, was opened near Birmingham, with the death of Gustav Byng in 1910, Hugo Hirst became the chairman as well as managing director, a position he had assumed in 1906. Hirsts shrewd investment in lamp manufacture was proving extremely profitable, in 1909, Osram began production of the most successful tungsten filament lamps in the industry.
Rapidly growing private and commercial use of electricity created huge demand, the company expanded both at home and overseas, with the establishment of agencies in Europe, Australia, South Africa, and India. It did trade with South America. The outbreak of World War I transformed GEC into a player in the electrical industry. It was heavily involved in the war effort, with such as radios, signal lamps. Between the wars, GEC expanded to become a global corporation, the takeover of Fraser and Chalmers in 1918 took GEC into heavy engineering and bolstered their claim to supply everything electrical
Black and white
Black and white, often abbreviated B/W or B&W, and hyphenated black-and-white when used as an adjective, is any of several monochrome forms in visual arts. Black-and-white images are not usually starkly contrasted black and white and they combine black and white in a continuum producing a range of shades of gray. Even when most studios had the capability to make color films they were not heavily utilized as using the Technicolor process was expensive, for the years 1940–1966, a separate Academy Award for Best Art Direction was given for black-and-white movies along with one for color. Television, Television program was first transmitted in black-and-white, scottish inventor John Logie Baird demonstrated the worlds first color television transmission on July 3,1928 using a mechanical process. Some color broadcasts in the US began in the 1950s, with color becoming common in industrialized nations during the late 1960s. In the United States, the Federal Communications Commission settled on a color NTSC standard in 1953, color television became more widespread in the U. S. between 1963 and 1967, when the CBS and ABC networks joined NBC in broadcasting full color schedules.
Canada began airing color television in 1966 while the United Kingdom began to use a different color system from July 1967 known as PAL. The Republic Of Ireland followed in 1970, in China and white television sets were the norm until as late as the 1990s, color TVs not outselling them until about 1989. While seldom used now, many consumer camcorders have the ability to record in black-and-white. Photography, Photographs were either black-and-white or shades of sepia, color photography was originally rare and expensive and again often containing inaccurate hues. Color photography became more common from the mid-20th century, black-and-white is a niche market for photographers who use the medium for artistic purposes. This can take the form of film or digital conversion to grayscale. For amateur use certain companies such as Kodak manufactured black-and-white disposable cameras until 2009, certain films are produced today which give black-and-white images using the ubiquitous C41 color process.
Printing press, Most American newspapers were black-and-white until the early 1980s, The New York Times, some claim that USA Today was the major impetus for the change to color. In the UK, color was only introduced from the mid-1980s. Even today, many newspapers restrict color photographs to the front, daily comic strips in newspapers were traditionally black-and-white with color reserved for Sunday strips. Sometimes color is reserved for the cover, magazines such as Jet magazine were either all or mostly black-and-white until the end of the 2000s when it became all-color. Manga are typically published in black-and-white although now it is part of its image, many school yearbooks are still entirely or mostly in black-and-white
Herndon is a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Washington, D. C. metropolitan area of the United States. The population was 23,292 at the 2010 census, which makes it the largest of three incorporated towns in the county, Herndon was named for Commander William Lewis Herndon, American naval explorer and author of Exploration of the Valley of the Amazon. Commander Herndon captained the ill-fated steamer SS Central America, going down with his ship while helping to save over 150 of its passengers, the settlement was named Herndon in 1858. In the 1870s, many Northern soldiers and their families came to settle in the area, taking advantage of moderate climate, Herndon offered a group of friendly and local Native Americans who helped the town to prosper via trade and instruction. The caboose was originally acquired in 1989 by Herndon Historical Society member, George Moore, although the caboose itself never traveled through Herndon, it remains an iconic part of the downtown area that both locals and tourists visit daily.
The caboose and station offer a glimpse of the original downtowns historic charm, on January 14,2004, the Town of Herndon commemorated its 125th anniversary. The town of Herndon was part of a nationally reported controversy involving illegal immigration beginning in 2005, the controversy revolved around a day labor center called the Herndon Official Worker Center, operated by Reston Interfaiths Project Hope and Harmony under a grant from surrounding Fairfax County. The HOW Center was created on March 23,2006 in response to daily gatherings of Hispanic workers at a local 7-Eleven store, the 2006 election for Mayor and Town Council revolved mainly around the issue, and resulted in unseating the pro-center Mayor and two councilmembers. The center closed after less than two years of operation, in September 2007, the Herndon Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Herndon is located at 38°58′17″N 77°23′19″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.2 square miles, all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 23,292 people,7,472 households, the population density was 5,129.9 people per square mile. There were 7,190 housing units at a density of 1,703.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 50. 7% White,9. 5% Black,0. 7% Native American,17. 9% Asian,0. 0% Pacific Islander,16. 0% from other races, and 5. 2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33. 6% of the population,20. 6% of all households were made up of individuals and 2. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the family size was 3.54. In the town, the population was out with 27. 1% under the age of 18,10. 2% from 18 to 24,38. 3% from 25 to 44,20. 5% from 45 to 64. The median age was 32 years, for every 100 females there were 111.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.0 males, the median income for a household in the town was $72,912, and the median income for a family was $79,140
Photogrammetry is the science of making measurements from photographs, especially for recovering the exact positions of surface points. It may be used to recover the motion pathways of designated reference points on any moving object, on its components, and in the immediately adjacent environment. Photogrammetric analysis may be applied to one photograph, or may use high-speed photography and remote sensing to detect, the quantitative results of photogrammetry are used to guide and match the results of computational models of the natural systems. Photogrammetry is as old as photography, dating to the mid-19th century. Its detection component has been emerging from radiolocation and radiometry and its 3-D positioning estimative component employs methods related to triangulation and multidimensional scaling. This is done by multiplying the distance by 1/s. Photogrammetry uses methods from many disciplines, including optics and projective geometry, digital image capturing and photogrammetric processing includes several well defined stages, which allow to generate 2D or 3D digital models of the object as an end product.
The data model on the right shows what type of information can go into, the 3-D co-ordinates define the locations of object points in the 3-D space. The image co-ordinates define the locations of the object points images on the film or an imaging device. The exterior orientation of a camera defines its location in space, the inner orientation defines the geometric parameters of the imaging process. This is primarily the focal length of the lens, but can include the description of lens distortions. Each of the four main variables can be an input or an output of a photogrammetric method, algorithms for photogrammetry typically attempt to minimize the sum of the squares of errors over the coordinates and relative displacements of the reference points. This minimization is known as bundle adjustment and is performed using the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. Common points are identified on each image, a line of sight can be constructed from the camera location to the point on the object. It is the intersection of these rays determines the three-dimensional location of the point.
Stereophotogrammetry is emerging as a robust non-contacting measurement technique to determine dynamic characteristics, photogrammetric data with a dense range data in which scanners complement each other. Photogrammetry is more accurate in the x and y direction while range data are more accurate in the z direction. Photos can clearly define the edges of buildings when the point cloud footprint can not and it is beneficial to incorporate the advantages of both systems and integrate them to create a better product
Thornton is 10 miles north/northeast of downtown Denver. The United States Census Bureau reported the growing population at 118,772 on April 1,2010. Thornton is the sixth-most populous city in the state of Colorado, Thornton consisted solely of farmland until 1953 when Sam Hoffman purchased a lot off Washington Street about seven miles north of Denver. The town he laid out was the first fully planned community in Adams County, Thornton was named in honor of Former Colorado Governor Dan Thornton. The Thornton Community Association was formed in 1954 to help guide the new communitys development, by the end of 1955, Thornton had 5,500 residents in over 1,200 homes. The TCA was instrumental in Thorntons 1956 incorporation as a city, oyer G. Leary was elected the first mayor. Thornton is located at 39°54′11″N 104°57′16″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 27.2 square miles, of which,26.9 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it is water. As of the 2010 census, there were 118,772 people,41,359 households, the population density was 3,409.1 people per square mile.
There were 43,230 housing units at a density of 1,240.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 77. 4% White,4. 4% Asian,1. 8% African American,1. 1% American Indian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,11. 4% from other races, and 3. 8% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 31. 7% of the population,20. 1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4. 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86, and the family size was 3.32. The distribution of the population by age was 29. 5% under the age of 18,9. 1% from 18 to 24,32. 6% from 25 to 44,22. 3% from 45 to 64, the median age was 32.0 years. The gender makeup of the city was 49. 5% male and 50. 5% female, the median income for a household in the city was $65,578, and the median income for a family was $74,233. Males had an income of $49,154 versus $39,596 for females. The citys per capita income was $26,100, about 7. 8% of families and 9. 9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14. 1% of those under age 18 and 7. 4% of those age 65 or over.
Thornton has 81 city parks and nearly 2,000 acres of parks, there are over 80 miles of trails throughout the city. Thornton has several facilities like the Margaret Carpenter Recreation Center
Satellite imagery consists of images of Earth or other planets collected by satellites. Imaging satellites are operated by governments and businesses around the world, Satellite imaging companies sell images under licence. Images are licensed to governments and businesses such as Apple Maps, the first images from space were taken on sub-orbital flights. The U. S-launched V-2 flight on October 24,1946 took one image every 1.5 seconds. With an apogee of 65 miles, these photos were from five times higher than the previous record, the first satellite photographs of Earth were made on August 14,1959 by the U. S. The first satellite photographs of the Moon might have made on October 6,1959 by the Soviet satellite Luna 3. The Blue Marble photograph was taken from space in 1972, and has very popular in the media. Also in 1972 the United States started the Landsat program, the largest program for acquisition of imagery of Earth from space, Landsat Data Continuity Mission, the most recent Landsat satellite, was launched on 11 February 2013.
In 1977, the first real time satellite imagery was acquired by the United Statess KH-11 satellite system, all satellite images produced by NASA are published by NASA Earth Observatory and are freely available to the public. Several other countries have satellite imaging programs, and a collaborative European effort launched the ERS, there are private companies that provide commercial satellite imagery. Images can be in visible colours and in other spectra, there are elevation maps, usually made by radar images. Interpretation and analysis of imagery is conducted using specialized remote sensing applications. There are four types of resolution when discussing satellite imagery in remote sensing, spectral and radiometric. GSD is a term containing the optical and systemic noise sources and is useful for comparing how well one sensor can see an object on the ground within a single pixel. For example, the GSD of Landsat is ~30m, which means the smallest unit that maps to a single pixel within an image is ~30m x 30m, the latest commercial satellite has a GSD of 0.41 m.
This compares to a 0.3 m resolution obtained by some early military film based Reconnaissance satellite such as Corona, the resolution of satellite images varies depending on the instrument used and the altitude of the satellites orbit. For example, the Landsat archive offers repeated imagery at 30 meter resolution for the planet, Landsat 7 has an average return period of 16 days. For many smaller areas, images with resolution as high as 41 cm can be available, Satellite imagery is sometimes supplemented with aerial photography, which has higher resolution, but is more expensive per square meter
The Raytheon Company is a major U. S. defense contractor and industrial corporation with core manufacturing concentrations in weapons and military and commercial electronics. It was previously involved in corporate and special-mission aircraft until early 2007, Raytheon is the worlds largest producer of guided missiles. Established in 1922, the company reincorporated in 1928 and adopted its present name in 1959, the company has around 63,000 employees worldwide and annual revenues of approximately US$25 billion. More than 90% of Raytheons revenues were obtained from military contracts and, as of 2012, as of 2015, it is the third largest defense contractor in the United States by defense revenue. Raytheons headquarters moved from Lexington, Massachusetts, to Waltham and its focus, which was originally on new refrigeration technology, soon shifted to electronics. The companys first product was a rectifier that was based on Charles Smiths earlier astronomical research of the star Zeta Puppis. The electron tube was christened with the name Raytheon and was used in a battery eliminator and this made it possible to convert household alternating current to direct current for radios and thus eliminate the need for expensive, short-lived batteries.
In 1925, the changed its name to Raytheon Manufacturing Company and began marketing its rectifier, under the Raytheon brand name. In 1928 Raytheon merged with Q. R. S, Company, an American manufacturer of electron tubes and switches, to form the successor of the same name, Raytheon Manufacturing Company. In 1933 it diversified by acquiring Acme-Delta Company, a producer of transformers, power equipment, by the 1930s, it had already grown to become one of the worlds largest vacuum tube manufacturing companies. Within a few months of being awarded the contract, Raytheon had already begun to mass manufacture magnetron tubes for use in radar sets, at wars end in 1945 the company was responsible for about 80 percent of all magnetrons manufactured. During the war Raytheon pioneered the production of radar systems. Raytheon ranked 71st among United States corporations in the value of World War II military production contracts, Raytheons research on the magnetron tube revealed the potential of microwaves to cook food.
In 1945, Raytheons Percy Spencer invented the microwave oven by discovering that the magnetron could rapidly heat food, in 1947, the company demonstrated the Radarange microwave oven for commercial use. In 1945, the company expanded its electronics capability through acquisitions that included the Submarine Signal Company, with its broadened capabilities, Raytheon developed the first guidance system for a missile that could intercept a flying target. In 1948, Raytheon began to manufacture guided missiles, in 1950, its Lark missile became the first such weapon to destroy a target aircraft in flight. Raytheon received military contracts to develop the air-to-air Sparrow and ground-to-air Hawk missiles—projects that received impetus from the Korean War, in decades, it remained a major producer of missiles, among them the Patriot antimissile missile and the air-to-air Phoenix missile. In the same year, it changed its name to Raytheon Company, in the 1950s, Raytheon began manufacturing transistors, including the CK722, priced and marketed to hobbyists
American Public Media
American Public Media is the second largest producer of public radio programs in the United States after NPR. Its non-profit parent, American Public Media Group and operates radio stations in Minnesota and its station brands include Minnesota Public Radio and Southern California Public Radio. Until July 2015, APM operated Classical South Florida, which was sold to Educational Media Foundation, based in St. Paul, Minnesota, APM is best known for the distribution of the popular weekend program A Prairie Home Companion and the national financial news program Marketplace. Formerly, much of American Public Medias programming content was distributed by Public Radio International, APR was formed by four stations, the Minnesota Public Radio network, WGBH in Boston, WNYC in New York, and KUSC in Los Angeles, to distribute A Prairie Home Companion. PRI owns and produces numerous programs today, but still distributes diverse programming from many sources, APM distributes, Several specials are distributed by APM on a less frequent basis, including a number of Christmas programs and the BBC Proms.
American Public Media website Current, the newspaper about public TV and radio in the United States
Orbital Sciences Corporation
It was headquartered in Dulles and publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange with the ticker symbol OA. Orbital provided satellite subsystems and space-related technical services to government agencies and laboratories, on April 29,2014, Orbital Sciences announced that it would merge with Alliant Techsystems to create a new company called Orbital ATK, Inc. The merger was completed on February 9,2015 and Orbital Sciences ceased to exist as an independent entity, Orbital was founded and incorporated in 1982 by three friends who had met earlier while at Harvard Business School—David W. Thompson, Bruce Ferguson and Scott Webster. In 1985, Orbital procured its first contract for providing up to four Transfer Orbital Stage vehicles to NASA, in 1987, the seeds for the ORBCOMM constellation were planted when Orbital began investigating a system using Low Earth orbit satellites to collect data from remote locations. In 1988, Orbital acquired Space Data Corporation in Arizona- one of the leading suppliers of suborbital rockets- thereby broadening its rocket business.
This was followed by the opening of a new facility in Chandler, in 1990, the company successfully carried out eight space missions, highlighted by the initial launch of the Pegasus rocket, the worlds first privately developed space launch vehicle. Shortly following the successful Pegasus launch, Orbital conducted an IPO in 1990, in 1993, Orbital established its current headquarters in Dulles, Virginia followed by the acquisition of Fairchild Space and Defense Corporation in 1994. In the same year, Orbital successfully conducted the launch of the Taurus rocket. In the early 2000s, Orbital continued expanding its missile defense systems business with a $900 million award to develop, build and support interceptor booster vehicles. In 2006 Orbital conducted its 500th mission since the founding with a diverse portfolio of products that included satellites, launch vehicles. Orbital is currently on-track to deliver on this contract with its Cygnus spacecraft and Antares rocket following the success of Cygnus Orb-D1, the new company will be called Orbital ATK, Inc. and will serve U. S.
Orbital was a provider of small- to medium-class satellites, since the companys founding in 1982, Orbital has delivered 150 spacecraft to commercial and civil customers worldwide. To date, these spacecraft have amassed well over 1000 years of on-orbit operations, the Communications & Imaging Satellites developed by Orbital are smaller and more affordable. Earth imagery and high resolution digital imaging satellites such as the OrbView series are developed and manufactured by Orbital. In the last 10 years, Orbital has built more scientific, Orbitals space launch vehicles are considered the industry standard for boosting small payloads to orbit. The Minotaur ground-launched rockets combine Pegasus upper stages with either government-supplied or commercially available first-stage rocket motors to boost larger payloads to orbit, Minotaur IV combines decommissioned Peacekeeper rocket motors with proven Orbital avionics and fairings to provide increased lifting capacity for government-sponsored payloads.
With the development of the Antares space launch vehicle, Orbital is extending its capabilities to provide launch services for U. S. government. The inaugural launch of Antares occurred on April 21,2013 from Wallops Flight Facility at Wallops Island, Orbital is a major provider of suborbital target and interceptor launch vehicles for the U. S. missile defense systems
Lidar is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating that target with a laser light. The name lidar, sometimes considered an acronym of Light Detection And Ranging, was originally a portmanteau of light, the technology is used for control and navigation for some autonomous cars. Lidar sometimes is called laser scanning and 3D scanning, with terrestrial and its first applications came in meteorology, where the National Center for Atmospheric Research used it to measure clouds. The general public aware of the accuracy and usefulness of lidar systems in 1971 during the Apollo 15 mission. Although some sources treat the word lidar as an acronym, the term originated as a portmanteau of light, the first published mention of lidar, in 1963, makes this clear, Eventually the laser may provide an extremely sensitive detector of particular wavelengths from distant objects. Meanwhile, it is being used to study the moon by lidar, the Oxford English Dictionary supports this etymology.
Currently no consensus exists on capitalization, reflecting uncertainty about whether or not lidar is an acronym, various publications refer to lidar as LIDAR, LiDAR, LIDaR, or Lidar. Lidar uses ultraviolet, visible, or near infrared light to image objects and it can target a wide range of materials, including non-metallic objects, rain, chemical compounds, aerosols and even single molecules. A narrow laser-beam can map physical features with high resolutions, for example. Lidar has been used extensively for research and meteorology. Lidar instruments fitted to aircraft and satellites carry out surveying and mapping – a recent example being the U. S. Geological Survey Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar, NASA has identified lidar as a key technology for enabling autonomous precision safe landing of future robotic and crewed lunar-landing vehicles. Wavelengths vary to suit the target, from about 10 micrometers to the UV, typically light is reflected via backscattering, as opposed to pure reflection one might find with a mirror.
Different types of scattering are used for different lidar applications, most commonly Rayleigh scattering, Mie scattering, Raman scattering, based on different kinds of backscattering, the lidar can be accordingly called Rayleigh Lidar, Mie Lidar, Raman Lidar, Na/Fe/K Fluorescence Lidar, and so on. Suitable combinations of wavelengths can allow for remote mapping of atmospheric contents by identifying wavelength-dependent changes in the intensity of the returned signal, in general there are two kinds of lidar detection schemes, incoherent or direct energy detection and coherent detection. In both coherent and incoherent lidar, there are two types of models, micropulse lidar systems and high energy systems. Micropulse systems utilizing intermittent bursts of energy have developed as a result of the amount of computer power available combined with advances in laser technology. They use considerably less energy in the laser, typically on the order of one microjoule, there are several major components to a lidar system, Laser — 600–1000 nm lasers are most common for non-scientific applications.
They are inexpensive, but since they can be focused and easily absorbed by the eye, eye-safety is often a requirement for most applications