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Geographical indications and traditional specialities in the European Union

Three European Union schemes of geographical indications and traditional specialties, known as protected designation of origin, protected geographical indication, traditional specialities guaranteed and protect names of quality agricultural products and foodstuffs. Products registered under one of the three schemes may be marked with the logo for that scheme to help identify those products; the schemes are based on the legal framework provided by the EU Regulation No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs. This regulation ensures that only products genuinely originating in that region are allowed to be identified as such in commerce; the legislation first came into force in 1992. The purpose of the law is to protect the reputation of the regional foods, promote rural and agricultural activity, help producers obtain a premium price for their authentic products, eliminate the unfair competition and misleading of consumers by non-genuine products, which may be of inferior quality or of different flavour.

Critics argue that many of the names, sought for protection by the EU, have become commonplace in trade and should not be protected. These laws protect the names of wines, hams, seafood, olive oils, balsamic vinegar, regional breads, raw meats and vegetables. Foods such as Gorgonzola, Parmigiano-Reggiano, the Waterford blaas, Herve cheese, Melton Mowbray pork pies, Piave cheese, Asiago cheese, Herefordshire cider, cognac and champagne can only be labelled as such if they come from the designated region. To qualify as roquefort, for example, cheese must be made from milk of a certain breed of sheep, matured in the natural caves near the town of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon in the Aveyron region of France, where it is colonised by the fungus Penicillium roqueforti that grows in these caves; this system is similar to appellation systems used throughout the world, such as the appellation d'origine contrôlée used in France, the denominazione di origine controllata used in Italy, the denominação de origem controlada used in Portugal, the denumire de origine controlată system used in Romania and the denominación de origen system used in Spain.

In many cases, the EU PDO/PGI system works parallel with the system used in the specified country, in some cases is subordinated to the appellation system, instituted with wine, for example, in France with cheese, for example Maroilles has both PDO and AOC classifications, but only the AOC classification will be shown. In countries where Protected Geographical Status laws are enforced, only products which meet the various geographical and quality criteria may use the protected indication, it is prohibited to combine the indication with words such as "style", "type", "imitation", or "method" in connection with the protected indications, or to do anything which might imply that the product meets the specifications, such as using distinctive packaging associated with the protected product. Protected indications are treated as intellectual property rights by the Customs Regulation 1383/2003, infringing goods may be seized by customs on import. Within the European Union, enforcement measures vary: infringement may be treated as counterfeit, misleading advertising, passing off or as a question of public health.

Outside Europe, the protection of PGS products require bilateral agreements between the EU and the importing countries, while protected indications may not always supersede other intellectual property rights such as trademarks. On 15 November 2011, the European Court of Auditors presented its report Do the design and management of the Geographical Indications Scheme allow it to be effective? to the European Parliament. The preambles to the regulations cite consumer demand for quality foodstuffs, identify a number of goals for the protection regimes: the promotion of products with specific characteristics those coming from less-favoured or rural areas; the provision of a recompense for efforts to improve quality and the need for consumer protection are cited as justifications for trade mark protection in other domains, geographical indications operate in a similar manner to trademarks. The general regime governs the use of protected designations of origin and protected geographical indications for food and certain other agricultural products.

There are separate regimes for aromatised drinks as well as for wines. The origin of the product is only one of the criteria for use of the protected terms: the product must meet various quality criteria; the label "Traditional Specialities Guaranteed" is a similar protected term which does not impose any restrictions on the geographical origin of the product. The protection of geographical indications was extended to foodstuffs and other agricultural products in 1992. Given the different national provisions, this "general regime" gives much

The Great Big Radio Show!

The Great Big Radio Show! is a musical comedy, with music and lyrics by Philip Glassborow. Piano arrangements and dance music are by David Rhind-Tutt. Book is by Philip Glassborow with Nick McIvor. "Radio Show takes place in 1933, in the Radio Building, New York, the big Saturday night broadcast is just about to go on the air, live. It's a weekly variety program starring Gloria Pilbeam; the only trouble is—she can’t be found. Bandleader Blue Woodward has to find a replacement while the show is on the air... without letting the sponsor know what’s going on... and in spite of some desperate hoodlums in the studio." In 1989, the show won a special prize in the Vivian Ellis Awards, a contest established by the UK Performing Right Society to promote achievement in British musical theater, to honor the composer of West End hits such as Mr Cinders and Bless The Bride. The Awards panel included Don Black, Cameron Mackintosh, Petula Clark and Sheridan Morley. Veteran songwriter Vivian Ellis himself publicly declared it “a musical to fall in love with"After the Ellis Awards, Radio Show was one of seven musicals selected from a field of 491 for a workshop as part of the inaugural season of the UK Quest for New Musicals.

Andrew Lloyd Webber was Patron of the Quest and Richard Stilgoe was its director. The workshop culminated in a staged reading at Buxton Opera House directed and choreographed by Angela Hardcastle, starring Paul Jones, Elizabeth Counsell and Peter Goodwright. At that point, the musical came to the attention of Jill Fraser and Executive Director of the Watermill Theatre in Newbury, Berkshire. Although small, the Watermill is one of the UK's most prominent regional stages; the company nurtured several new musicals before mounting a renowned series of revivals under director/designer John Doyle. For her 1993 Fall Season, Fraser produced the professional premiere of Radio Show, again directed by Hardcastle and featuring many of the Buxton cast; the Times and The Independent acclaimed the show and critic Sheridan Morley reviewed it for the International Herald Tribune. He praised the musical as “an immensely loving and knowledgeable parody of the big-band shows of American airwaves”; the sold-out run of Radio Show at the Watermill raised expectations of a West End transfer, veteran producer Harold Fielding optioned the rights.

Fielding, whose successes included Half a Sixpence on Broadway and in the West End, was in his seventies at the time. For a number of years, Radio Show lay fallow as Fielding, though in decline, continued exercising his options. In Fall 2005, the musical was presented off-Broadway by the York Theatre Company in their Musicals in Mufti series, produced by James Morgan; the director was David Glenn Armstrong and the stellar cast included Nancy Anderson, Ed Dixon, Tyler Maynard, Seth Rudetsky, David Staller and Lynne Wintersteller.“Manhattan, of course, is the native turf of the musical comedies that Radio Show is spoofing. It’s tempting to reach for a wisecrack about carrying coals to Newcastle. Overture Unmistakably She Ain't Here Yet Surprises Nourishvite Jingle No Matter What Where Have I Seen You Before? Pretty As A Picture Suddenly I'm Singing You Came By I Felt Myself Falling Then I Bumped into You You Take My Breath Away Your Turn For A Rainbow The Balalaika Tomorrow Is Another Day Me And My Stradivarius

Ein Zeitim

Ein Zeitim was an agricultural settlement about 2 km north of Safed first established in 1891. Ein Zeitim was founded by members of a Zionist pioneer group from Minsk. Despite strong opposition by the Turkish government, the settlers managed to establish farms with olive groves and dairy and poultry. Ein Zeitim was built 800m north of the Arab village Ein al-Zeitun, called Ein Zeitim in Hebrew and had been a mixed Arab-Jewish village during the Middle Ages. In 1891 some speculators bought 430 hectares of land about 3 km north of Safed, sold it to a party of laborers. Unable to work the land properly, the new owners transferred it to Baron de Rothschild, with whose assistance 750,000 vines and many fruit-trees were planted in the course of six or seven years, during this time a number of houses were built; the population in 1898 was 51. The village was abandoned during the first World War and only a handful of residents returned at the end of the war; the 1922 census of Palestine recorded a population of 37 inhabitants, consisting of 30 Jews and 7 Muslims.

During the 1929 Palestine riots, three residents were killed and the remainder left. Six Muslims and one Jew were recorded there in 1931. An attempt to revive the village in 1933 failed. In 1946 the village was reestablished, it had a population of 100 in 1947, but by the end of 1951 the population had fallen to 40. It ceased to be populated and it became part of a military base. Frederick Martin; the Statesman's year-book. St. Martin's Press. Pp. 1372–. Retrieved 16 May 2011. Arthur Koestler. Promise and fulfilment: Palestine 1917-1949. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-35152-9. Retrieved 16 May 2011. Fred Skolnik. Encyclopaedia Judaica. Macmillan Reference USA in association with the Keter Pub. House. ISBN 978-0-02-865943-5. Retrieved 16 May 2011. J. Bowyer Bell; the long war: Israel and the Arabs since 1946. Prentice-Hall. Retrieved 16 May 2011. Ein Zeitim in history

Simon Gärdenfors

Simon Gärdenfors is a Swedish cartoonist, television presenter, radio host. His comics are drawn in a round icon-like cartoony style, although their content is realistic or autobiographical, he has published three graphic novels, as well as several short pieces for the Swedish comic anthology Galago. He is most famous for his comic about Per-Olof Svensson, the accused, subsequently acquitted murderer of Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Anna Lindh. By a weird twist of fate, shortly in connection to the murder allegations, a short comic in Galago was published. According to Gärdenfors, he had met Svensson during a stay in Lund, included him in his comic as a subject of mythomania. In 2005, Gärdenfors has had his book Lura mig published, containing interviews with different people he considers mythomaniacs, his comments about the media coverage of the event. Alongside his childhood friend Calle Thörn, he is a member of the underground hip-hop duo Las Palmas that received a lot of airtime on Swedish radio in the fall of 2004 with the song "Spökskrivare", claiming that it was Gärdenfors who had written all famous hip-hop songs.

He is part of an additional hip-hop project, Far & Son, featuring Frej Larsson of Slagsmålsklubben. His graphic novel The 120 Days of Simon was published in English translation by Top Shelf Productions in 2010. In 2008, Gärdenfors hosted a six-episode series on ZTV titled The Simon Gärdenfors skräpkultur-show, with each episode focusing on a different category of "junk culture" such as candy wrappers and pinball, his father Peter Gärdenfors is a philosopher and professor of Cognitive Science at Lund University, Sweden. 2002 - Turist 2005 - Lura mig! 2008 - Simons 120 dagar 2009 - Nybuskis 2012 - Död kompis 2014 - Hobby

Hampden Sydney, Virginia

Hampden Sydney is a census-designated place in Prince Edward County, United States. The population was 1,450 at the 2010 census. Hampden Sydney is the home of Hampden–Sydney College, a private all-male college, the tenth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. Hampden Sydney is located at 37°14′38.6″N 78°28′33.7″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2000 the CDP had a total area of 4.5 square miles, all of it land. According to the United States Census Bureau in 2010, it had a total area of 3.895 square miles with 3.878 square miles of land and 0.017 square miles of water. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,450 people, 172 households, 108 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 322.2 people per square mile. There were 197 housing units at an average density of 43.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.4% White, 11.7% African American, 0.8% Asian, 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 5.3% under the age of 18, 74.8% from 18 to 24, 5.9% from 25 to 44, 9.2% from 45 to 64, 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 21.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 636 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 737.2 males. Demographics from the 2010 census are skewed by students attending the all-male, Hampden–Sydney College with an undergrad population of 1090. Fifteen- to 25-year-olds make up about 76% of the population. At the 2010 census, 908 of the 1,450 are listed as residing in "group quarters"

Paris (Ooh La La)

"Paris" is the second single from Grace Potter and the Nocturnals' eponymous third studio album. Brian Fuente, a contestant on the second season of the U. S version of The Voice, covered the song in his blind audition. Ashley De La Rosa, another contestant on the second season of the U. S version of The Voice, covered the song for her last chance performance. Jennel Garcia, a contestant on the second season of the U. S. version of The X Factor, covered the song in her audition. Amanda Brown a contestant on the third season of the U. S. version of The Voice, covered the song during the knockout rounds. Pamela Anderson danced to this song in the 15th season of Dancing with the Stars. Fatin Shidqia, a contestant on the first season of the Indonesian version of The X Factor, covered the song in her bootcamp. Emily Piriz, a contestant on the thirteenth season of American Idol, covered this song during "Rush Week," a round featuring the top 20 contestants of the season; the song was well received by the judges, but Harry Connick Jr. raised some concerns as to whether or not she wanted to perform rather racy songs in the future.

Kat Perkins, a contestant on the sixth season of the U. S. version of The Voice, covered the song as her Instant Save song during the second week of the live shows. "Paris" and "That Phone", another track from the Grace Potter and the Nocturnals album, were used in the CW show Hart of Dixie. "Paris" and "Hot Summer Night", another track from the Grace Potter and the Nocturnals album, were used in an episode of MTV hit TV show "Awkward". "Paris" was used in a Rizzoli & Isles commercial