click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Geography of Belgium

Belgium is a federal state located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea. Belgium shares borders with France, Germany and the Netherlands. Belgium comprises the regions of Flanders and Brussels. Total renewable water resources: 18.3 cu km Freshwater withdrawal: total: 6.22 cu km/yr per capita: 589.8 cu m/yr Natural hazards: flooding is a threat in areas of reclaimed coastal land, protected from the sea by concrete dikes Geography - note: crossroads of Western Europe. By provinces, the area is distributed as such: Luxembourg: 4,459 km2 Liège: 3,857 km2 Hainaut: 3,813 km2 Namur: 3,675 km2 West Flanders: 3,197 km2 East Flanders: 3,007 km2 Antwerp: 2,876 km2 Limburg: 2,427 km2 Flemish Brabant: 2,118 km2 Walloon Brabant: 1,097 km2 To get the total area of Belgium, the surface of the Brussels-Capital Region should be added to the list, since Brussels is not in any Belgian province anymore since the province of Brabant has been split. Belgium has 3,462 square kilometers of sea territories in the North Sea.

On 29 May 2000, 2,000 square meters were granted by the Netherlands to Belgium. Compared to other countries, Belgium is 44% larger than Wales in the United Kingdom and about the size of Maryland in the United States. Belgium is used as an unusual unit of measurement in comparing country sizes. In November 2016, Belgium and the Netherlands agreed to cede small, uninhabited parcels of land to reflect a change in course of the river Meuse; the land swap is to take effect as of 2018. Belgium has three main geographical regions: the coastal plain in the north-west, the central plateau, the Ardennes uplands in the south-east; the coastal plain consists of sand dunes and polders. Polders are areas of land, close to or below sea level that have been reclaimed from the sea, from which they are protected by dikes or, further inland, by fields that have been drained with canals; the second geographical region, the central plateau, lies further inland. This is a smooth rising area that has many fertile valleys and is irrigated by many waterways.

Here one can find rougher land, including caves and small gorges. The third geographical region, called the Ardennes, is more rugged than the first two, it is a thickly forested plateau rocky and not good for farming, which extends into northern France and in Germany where it is named Eifel. This is. Belgium's highest point, the Signal de Botrange is located in this region at only 694 metres. Belgium has few natural lakes and none of any great size. Notable natural regions include the Ardennes and High Fens. All of Belgium is drained into the North Sea, except the municipality of Momignies, drained by the Oise river into the English Channel. Three major rivers flow into the sea: the Meuse and the Yser. Other rivers are the Rupel, Sambre, Ourthe and Dijle; the main lakes include the Lake Genval, Lake Bütgenbach, Lake Eau d'Heure, Lake Gileppe, Lake Eupen and Lake Robertville. Belgium has many artificial waterways or canals, among others the Brussels–Scheldt Maritime Canal, the Brussels–Charleroi Canal, the Canal du Centre and the Albert Canal.

The Belgian climate, like most of northwest Europe, is maritime temperate, with significant precipitation in all seasons. Belgium has cool winters but temperatures as low as -16 °C have been registered and summers are comfortably warm but temperatures can rise as high as 30 °C. Belgium's highest point is the Signal de Botrange at 694 metres above the sea level. Other hills in Belgium include the Kemmelberg and the Koppenberg both known as part of the route of the cycle races Gent–Wevelgem and the Tour of Flanders respectively; this is a list of the extreme points of Belgium, the points that are farther north, east, high or low than any other location. Northernmost point — Dreef, municipality of Hoogstraten, Antwerp Southernmost point — Torgny, municipality of Rouvroy, Luxembourg Westernmost point — De Panne, West Flanders Easternmost point — Krewinkel, municipality of Büllingen, Liège Highest point — Signal de Botrange Lowest point — De Moeren The Belgian National Geographic Institute calculated that the central point of Belgium lies at coordinates 50°38′28″N 4°40′05″E, in Nil-Saint-Vincent-Saint-Martin in the municipality of Walhain.

Natural resources in Belgium include silica sand and carbonates. Belgium used to have coal mines; as of 2012, the land use was as follows: Arable land: 26.49% Permanent crops: 0.79% Other: 72.72%As of 2007, the estimated area of irrigated land was of 233.5 km². Because of its high population density and location in the center of Western Europe, Belgium faces serious environmental problems. A 2003 report suggested that

Distant Voices, Still Lives

Distant Voices, Still Lives is a 1988 British film directed and written by Terence Davies. It evokes working-class family life in Liverpool during the 1940s and early 1950s, paying particular attention to the role of popular music, Hollywood cinema, light entertainment and the public house within this tight-knit community; the film is made up of two separate films, with the same cast and crew. The first section,'Distant Voices', chronicles the early life of a working-class Catholic family living under a domineering father; the second section,'Still Lives', sees the children grown up and emerging into a brighter 1950s Britain, only a few years from rock and roll and The Beatles, yet somehow still a lifetime away. The film won the Grand Prix of the Belgian Film Critics Association. In 2007 the British Film Institute re-printed and distributed the film across some of Britain's most high-profile independent cinemas, prompting The Guardian newspaper to describe Distant Voices, Still Lives as "Britain's forgotten cinematic masterpiece".

In a 2011 poll carried out by Time Out of the 100 greatest British films of all time, Distant Voices, Still Lives was ranked third. In Paul Farley's British Film Institute Modern Classics book on Distant Voices, Still Lives, Terence Davies describes how they chose the location for filming: The house where I grew up was demolished in 1961, and it was unique... I was able to rebuild it for The Long Day Closes, but we didn't have a huge budget for Distant Voices, Still Lives, so we had to find something that looked... working class. A working-class street, we shot in Drayton Park, but there were no cellars, so it wasn't like our house... We had to go with. So, a practical thing. Kensington Street, Liverpool, L7 8XD This small street of Victorian terraced houses to the north of Kensington was the childhood home to Terence Davies and his family; the Victorian houses in Kensington Street were demolished in 1961 and replaced at a date by a low-rise Council estate and two industrial units. However, houses similar to those in Kensington Street remain to the south of Kensington in streets such as Albany Road, L7 8RG and Saxony Road, L7 8RU.

47 Whistler Street, London, N5 1NJ The central location for the filming of Distant Voices, Still Lives was chosen for its architectural similarity to Davies's childhood home in Kensington Street, Liverpool. 47 Whistler Street is a small terraced house in row of similar Victorian houses located in north London on the edge of Highbury Fields. The street can be accessed from the park via a small alleyway, or from Drayton Park, the main road behind the street; the houses on the west side of Whistler Street are bay-fronted and were chosen to depict the actual family home. The houses on the east side are flat-fronted and therefore shown in the film sequences. However, a house on the eastern side of the street is used in the final scene where the group leave Tony's wedding celebration and walk into the darkness; the Futurist, Lime Street, Liverpool The Futurist was the location which inspired the film's most artistic sequence in which the two sisters and Maisie, attend a screening of Love is a Many Splendored Thing whilst unknown to them, their brother and Maisie's husband, have a serious accident.

The Futurist was Liverpool's first purpose-built and longest-surviving cinema, opening in 1912. It was an ornate city centre cinema with a tiled Edwardian facade and 1,029 seats in the stalls and circle auditorium - the latter richly decorated with plasterwork in the French Renaissance style; the cinema lasted nearly 70 years and closed its doors for the final time in 1982, before being demolished in 2016. Jubilee Drive, Liverpool, L7 8SL This Victorian street in the Kensington Fields area of east Liverpool was the street where Monica lived and begged Eileen to come and visit. "So don't be a stranger – otherwise we'll not see you till next Preston Guild. We're only in Jubilee Drive." Formby Sands Monica and Eileen pitch their tent at Formby sands – a scene, used to remind Eileen of the free and happy life she lived before her marriage to Dave. Pwllheli Although more famous in years for the Butlins holiday parks, in the 1940s this Welsh seaside town was an upmarket location with high-quality hotels.

Teenagers from Liverpool and Manchester would work in these hotels in the summer season. In the film, Eileen and Jingles are seen working as waitresses in the breakfast hall of an large hotel. In his British Film Institute Modern Classics book, Paul Farley describes the inspiration that Terence Davies used for the biographical backbone of the film: Davies was the youngest of ten children, the baby boomer, born into a working-class Catholic household in post-war Liverpool, his father died when he was six-and-a-half, though memories of him as a powerful, violent man are vivid and, together with the love and support of his mother, form a huge tension in Distant Voices, Still Lives Terence Davies's real-life father can be seen in a photograph which hangs on the wall in one of the film's central sequences when the mother and her three children, Tony and Maisie, each walk out of the frame to reveal a tired and bleached photograph of their father. Music is the central core of Distant Voices, Still Lives and is a device which binds the characters and helps to give them a voice beyond their otherwise repressed lives.

In Paul Farley's BFI book, Terence Davies describes the process in which music came alive in the shooting of the film. Many of the songs were sung by the cast, including Debi Jones's light rendition of "Buttons and Bows" and Angela Walsh's emotional rendition of Johnny Mercer's "I Wanna Be Around"; the film features a juxtaposition of Ella Fitz

Immaculate Heart of Mary School, Bulacan

Immaculate Heart of Mary School, Bulacan is a Catholic school owned and managed by the Franciscan Sisters of the Sacred Hearts whose apostolate is the sanctification and formation of children and young people through educational apostolate. It is located inside the Basilica of Lourdes Grotto Compound at the City of San Jose del Monte, Bulacan; the land for the school site was a donation from the Guanzon Family. The community of sisters and 30 lay members of the Immaculatinian Learning Community is taking care of the nearly 200 students from Kinder to High School including the Orphanage. 1977 - The arrival of the first five Franciscan Sisters of the Sacred Hearts from Italy headed by Mother Flora Zippo, who at present is the Provincial Delegate to the Philippines. 1979 - The first Immaculate Heart of Mary School was established in Parañaque City. This became the Main. 1989 - The arrival of the first group of Sisters in Grotto to manage an orphanage headed by Sr. Estrella Villaran. 1992 - Mary Immaculate Learning Center opened with its Nursery, Kinder and Grade One with Sr. Lydia Cañon as its Educational Consultant.

The DepEd permit was granted to the Elementary Department. 1993 - The opening of Grade Two with Sr. Alma Mangahas as its First Principal. 1994 - The opening of the Grade Three with Sr. Francesca Bailosis as its Second Principal. 1996 - The school obtained Government Recognition and Permit. 1998 - The first Commencement Exercises in the Grade School Department with 20 graduates. The completion of the school's main building with its canteen, science laboratory, computer center, eleven spacious classrooms and administrative offices; the Immaculate Heart of Mary Park was put up by the PTA Ex-Board S. Y. 1996-1998. The High School Department opened with 26 first year students and with the implementation of the New Secondary Education Curriculum intended to provide general education; the name of the school was changed to Immaculate Heart of Mary School, Bulacan with Sr. Mary Edna G. Liamzon as its Third Principal. 1999 - The opening of the Second Year class. The four-year computer program of the Fourth-R was introduced from Grade III to High School for the improvement and upgrading of Computer Education.

2000 - On the Occasion of the Great Jubilee of the Lord, the Third Year class was opened with Sr. Arminda D. Hobrero as its Fourth Principal. 2001 - The opening of the Fourth Year class. The graduation of the First batch of High School. 2002 - The start of the construction of the school stage. The renovation of the basketball court was started by the PTA board S. Y. 2002-2003. 2003 - The putting up of the Speech and Language laboratory. 2004 - Speech classes in the Elementary and High School department. Upgrading of all computer units and adding 10 units of computers. 2006 - The opening of the S. Y. 2006-2007 with Sr. Monica U. Navarro, former Principal of IHMS in Bacon, Sorsogon, as its Fifth Principal; the school obtained two dozen of brand new computers and replaced the old ones used in the computer center and administrative offices. 2007 - The school celebrated its Crystal 15th Foundation Anniversary with a week-long celebration. The first set of ImmAlumni officers were elected, coming from the high school graduates of S.

Y. 2006-2007. The school published its first and own school paper: Immazette

The Sentinel (module)

The Sentinel is an adventure module for the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game, set in World of Greyhawk campaign setting. In The Sentinel, the adventurers rid a village of a marauding skulk, which leads them into a quest to find a magical gauntlet; the module details the village, a xvart lair. The player characters move through a series of linked encounter areas as they seek clues to the history of Kusnir and the ill fortune that has befallen it. UK2 The Sentinel is a 32-page book with an outer folder published by TSR, Inc. in 1983 for the first edition of Advanced Dungeons & Dragons rules. The adventure was written by Graeme Morris, is the first of two modules in the "Adlerweg" adventure series. Chris Hunter reviewed The Sentinel together with UK3 in Imagine magazine, giving it a positive review. Hunter did not like the section called "Outline of the Adventure", which seemed to dictate the sequence of the players' actions, but he realized that things "follow a natural order", his only criticism was that the level requirements for the second module in the series are too high for it to be a direct follow-up, i.e. according to Hunter, there is "too big a jump between" the two.

However, Hunter concluded: "UK2 is good, UK3 is good and together they are excellent."Receiving 8 out of 10 overall, the module received a positive review from Graham Staplehurst in issue 60 of White Dwarf magazine. Staplehurst criticised the module's cover art as "feeble", but felt that The Sentinel and The Gauntlet are "well thought out enough and provide several sessions' worth of intriguing play for experienced and novice players alike." Morris felt that The Sentinel was "very well presented, with excellently laid-out maps, information sheets for players to be given at various stages and a rosters of all the monsters for the DM." The Sentinel at the TSR Archive "The Sentinel at the Pen & Paper RPG Database". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. United Kingdom Series at the Acaeum.com The Sentinel at the DMs Guild

La Tosca

La Tosca is a five-act drama by the 19th-century French playwright Victorien Sardou. It was first performed on 24 November 1887 at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris, with Sarah Bernhardt in the title role. Despite negative reviews from the Paris critics at the opening night, it became one of Sardou's most successful plays and was toured by Bernhardt throughout the world in the years following its premiere; the play itself had dropped from the standard theatrical repertoire by the mid-1920s, but its operatic adaptation, Giacomo Puccini's Tosca, has achieved enduring popularity. There have been several other adaptations of the play including two for the Japanese theatre and an English burlesque, Tra-La-La Tosca as well as several film versions. La Tosca is set in Rome on 17 June 1800 following the French victory in the Battle of Marengo; the action takes place over an eighteen-hour period, ending at dawn on 18 June 1800. Its melodramatic plot centers on a celebrated opera singer. By the end of the play, all three are dead.

Scarpia arrests sentences him to death in the Castel Sant ` Angelo. He offers to spare her lover if Tosca will yield to his sexual advances, she appears to acquiesce, but as soon as Scarpia gives the order for the firing squad to use blanks, she stabs him to death. On discovering that Cavaradossi's execution had in fact been a real one, Tosca commits suicide by throwing herself from the castle's parapets. Victorien Sardou's grandfather had served as a surgeon with Napoleon's army in Italy, Sardou retained a lifelong interest in the French Revolution and the French Revolutionary Wars. In addition to La Tosca, six of his other plays were set against the events of those times: Monsieur Garat, Les Merveilleuses, Madame Sans-Gêne, Pamela, he was known for the historical research which he used to inform his plays and had a private research library of over 80,000 books including Piranesi's etchings of late 18th century Rome, where La Tosca is set. Sardou wrote La Tosca for Sarah Bernhardt, she was in her mid-40s by and France's leading actress.

In 1883, she had taken over the lease on the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin, where La Tosca was to premiere. It was the third play Sardou had written for her. Both their first collaboration, Fédora, their second, Théodora, had been successful. Pierre Berton, who played Baron Scarpia, had been Bernhardt's on and off lover for many years and a frequent stage partner; the elaborate sets for the production were made by a team of designers and painters who had worked with Sardou before: Auguste Alfred Rubé, Philippe Chaperon, Marcel Jambon, Enrico Robecchi, Alfred Lemeunier, Amable Petit. The costumes were designed by Théophile Thomas, who designed Sarah Bernhardt's costumes for Hugo's Ruy Blas, Sardou's Cléopâtre and Théodora, Barbier's Jeanne d'Arc; the period leading up to the premiere was not without problems. As had happened before, once word got out of a new Sardou play, another author would accuse him of plagiarism. In the 1882 caricature of Sardou, one of the signs on the wall states, "Idées des autres" and another, "Bien d'auteur".

This time Ernest Daudet made the accusation, claiming that four years earlier, he and Gilbert-Augustin Thierry had written a play, Saint Aubin, which takes place in Paris on the day after the Battle of Marengo and whose heroine is a celebrated opera singer. He claimed that he had read the play to Sarah Bernhardt and Félix Duquesnel, the director of the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin, he said he would "graciously permit" Sardou's play to go ahead, had brought up the issue to avoid being accused of plagiarism should Saint-Auban be produced. Sardou, in turn, issued a robust denial in the French papers; as the play neared its premiere, Bernhardt discovered to her fury that Sardou had sold the rights for the first American production of the play to the actress Fanny Davenport and threatened to walk out. Bernhardt was pacified and rehearsals continued; the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin was packed for the opening night on 24 November 1887, although many in the audience knew the ending before the curtain went up.

While journalists were invited to dress-rehearsals, they were expected not to publish details of the play before the premiere. However, the Parisian journal, Gil Blas, had published a complete description of the plot on the morning of 24 November. At the end of the performance, Pierre Berton came on stage for the customary presentation of the author to the audience; as he began his introduction, a large part of the audience interrupted him shouting, "Bernhardt, Bernhardt!" After three failed attempts, he asked Bernhardt to come out. She refused to do. Berton succeeded, after which Bernhardt appeared to thunderous applause and cries of "Vive Sarah!" Three minor characters in La Tosca are real historical figures: Queen Maria Carolina. However, their treatment in the play is not always accurate. On the day the play takes place, Queen Maria Carolina was on her way to Austria and staying in Livorno, not Rome. Paisiello was a Neapolitan court composer, but at the time of the play he was under suspicion

Never Surrender (2 Unlimited song)

"Never Surrender" is a song recorded by Dutch Eurodance band 2 Unlimited. It was released as the third and final single from them to feature Romy van Oojen and Marjon van Iwaarden as the lead vocalists, it was the third and final single to be taken from 2 Unlimited's fourth studio album, II. The single scored moderate chart success on the Eurochart Hot 100 at #40, #5 in Spain and #23 in Belgium. "Never Surrender" did not obtain a UK release, unlike the previous single "Edge of Heaven". The music video for "Never Surrender" was directed by Jon Bont. Belgian CD single"Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" Spanish CD maxi"Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" Belgian and Spanish 12" maxi"Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender" "Never Surrender"