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Geography of El Salvador

El Salvador borders the North Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, with Guatemala to the north-northwest and Honduras to the north-northeast. In the southeast, the Golfo de Fonseca separates it from Nicaragua. El Salvador is the smallest Central American country and is the only one without a coastline on the Caribbean sea. El Salvador, along with the rest of Central America, is one of the most seismologically active regions on earth, situated atop three of the large tectonic plates that constitute the Earth's surface; the motion of these plates causes the area's earthquake and volcanic activity. Most of Central America and the Caribbean Basin rests on the motionless Caribbean Plate; the Pacific Ocean floor, however, is being carried northeast by the underlying motion of the Cocos Plate. Ocean floor material is composed of basalt, dense; the subduction of the Cocos Plate accounts for the frequency of earthquakes near the coast. As the rocks constituting the ocean floor are forced down, they melt, the molten material pours up through weaknesses in the surface rock, producing volcanoes and geysers.

North of El Salvador and most of Guatemala are riding on the westward-moving North American Plate that butts against the northern edge of the stationary Caribbean Plate in southern Guatemala. The grinding action of these two plates creates a fault that runs the length of the valley of the Rio Motagua in Guatemala. Motion along this fault is the source of earthquakes in northernmost El Salvador. El Salvador has a long history of volcanic eruptions. San Salvador was destroyed in 1756 and 1854, suffered heavy damage in the 1919, 1982, 1986 tremors; the country has over twenty volcanoes, although only two, San Miguel and Izalco, have been active in recent years. From the early nineteenth century to the mid-1950s, Izalco erupted with a regularity that earned it the name "Lighthouse of the Pacific." Its brilliant flares were visible for great distances at sea, at night its glowing lava turned it into a brilliant luminous cone. Two parallel mountain ranges cross El Salvador to the west with a central plateau between them and a narrow coastal plain hugging the Pacific.

These physical features divide the country into two physiographic regions. The mountain ranges and central plateau, covering 85 percent of the land, comprise the interior highlands; the remaining coastal plains are referred to as the Pacific lowlands. The northern range of mountains, the Sierra Madre, form a continuous chain along the border with Honduras. Elevations in this region range from 1,600 to 2,700 meters; the area was once forested, but overexploitation led to extensive erosion, it has become semibarren. As a result, it is the country's most sparsely populated zone, with little farming or other development; the southern range of mountains is a discontinuous chain of more than twenty volcanoes, clustered into five groups. The westernmost group, near the Guatemalan border, contains Izalco and Santa Ana, which at 2,365 meters is the highest volcano in El Salvador. Between the cones lie alluvial basins and rolling hills eroded from ash deposits; the volcanic soil is rich, much of El Salvador's coffee is planted on these slopes.

The central plateau constitutes only 25 percent of the land area but contains the heaviest concentration of population and the country's largest cities. This plain has an average elevation of 600 meters. Terrain here is rolling, with occasional escarpments, lava fields, geysers. A narrow plain extends from the coastal volcanic range to the Pacific Ocean; this region has a width ranging from one to thirty-two kilometers with the widest section in the east, adjacent to the Golfo de Fonseca. Near La Libertad, the mass of the mountains push the lowlands out. Surfaces in the Pacific lowlands are flat or rolling and result from the alluvial deposits of nearby slopes. El Salvador has over 300 rivers, the most important of, the Rio Lempa. Originating in Guatemala, the Rio Lempa cuts across the northern range of mountains, flows along much of the central plateau, cuts through the southern volcanic range to empty into the Pacific, it is El Salvador's only navigable it and its tributaries drain about half the country.

Other rivers are short and drain the Pacific lowlands or flow from the central plateau through gaps in the southern mountain range to the Pacific. Numerous lakes of volcanic origin are found in the interior highlands; the largest lake, the Lago de Ilopango, lies just to the east of the capital. Other large lakes include the Lago de Coatepeque in the west and the Lago de Güija on the Guatemalan border; the Cerron Grande Dam on the Rio Lempa has created a large reservoir, the Embalse Cerron Grande, in northern El Salvador. Izalco has erupted at least 51 times since 1770, it earned the nickname "Lighthouse of the Pacific" because it was the most active volcano in Central America. El Salvador has a tropical climate with pronounced dry seasons. Temperatures vary with elevation and show little seasonal change; the Pacific lowlands are uniformly humid. The rainy season, known locally as invierno, or winter, extends from May to October. All the annual rainfall and the highest humidity occurs during this time, yea

Albenis Rosales

Albenis Antonio Rosales is a Venezuelan judoka, who played in the half-heavyweight category. He won a bronze medal for his division at the 2008 Pan American Judo Championships in Miami, Florida. Rosales made his official debut for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, where he competed in the men's half-heavyweight class, he lost his first preliminary match by an ippon and a tani otoshi to Olympic silver medalist Jang Sung-ho of South Korea. Albenis Rosales at NBC Olympics Profile Albenis Antonio Rosales at the International Olympic Committee

Peter Folkes

Peter Leonard Folkes was an English painter. Peter Folkes was born in Beaminster, England in November 1923, he studied painting at the West of England College of Art, Bristol with his education being interrupted, though not curtailed, by The Second World War. Military service, in World War II, took Folkes to Africa and Italy, as a draughtsman in the Signal Corps. In September 1950 Folkes became senior art-master at King Edward VI School and after a year painting in America on a Goldsmiths Travelling Scholarship, awarded in 1963, he took up the post of lecturer in painting at Southampton College of Art in 1964. In 1989 he became Head of Fine Art at the Southampton Institute of Higher Education where he worked until retirement.. Peter Folkes began painting local scenes of Southampton when he moved there in 1950, his early sketches and paintings are of the estuaries of the rivers Test and Itchen, the docklands and Southampton Water. In the late 1950s Folkes experimented with the range of new materials becoming available.

His fascination with old weathered gravestones, their carvings and inscriptions, developed at this time. Church spires appear in his much more Cubist, water-colours. Visits to Portland in the early 1960s resulted in a series of works that show a shift towards Modernism. Folkes, used a limited palette of blues and browns to describe the quarries and cliffs. In 1964, whilst in America, a series of paintings emerged, inspired by the regular geometry of skyscrapers. Graham Blakesley of Gable Contemporary Art has written: “Spanning sixty years of artistic output across the 20th century, the influences on Peter Folkes are eminently identifiable in his work. From the academic discipline of the Classical Renaissance to the French Impressionists, from the mid-century Abstract Expressionists through to Pop Art and social realism of the sixties, Peter has always retained an ability to absorb ongoing external influences only to process his own personal style which re-emerges with artistic interest." For the RWA Academicians' Questionnaire of October 2000, Peter Folkes said: "During the last twenty-five years I have been influenced by Cubist painters, in particular Lyonel Feininger, Charles Demuth and Raoul Dufy during his Cubist period.

The water-colours of Eric Ravilious." The paintings of Peter Folkes are located in private collections and in the public collections of the UK Government Art Collection, Arts Council of Great Britain, Southampton City Art Gallery The Royal West of England Academy, the Universities of Hull, Portsmouth and King Edward VI School Southampton. In 1952 he was elected an Associate of the Royal West of England Academy and was made an Academician seven years later. In 1963 he was awarded a Goldsmiths Travelling Scholarship. In 1969 he was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours after which he became Vice-President in 1989, he was joint winner of the Winsor & Newton painting prize in 1981 and 1983. Peter Folkes married Muriel Giddings in Bromley in September 1949; the following year, in 1950, his wife moved to Southampton where they lived thereafter. Folkes has two sons: Andrew born in 1953, eand Richard born in 1950, plus six grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren, he died in January 2019 at the age of 95.

15 paintings by or after Peter Folkes at the Art UK site Royal West of England Academy

Henry Harold Welch Pearson

Henry Harold Welch Pearson, was a British-born South African botanist, chiefly remembered for founding Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden in 1913. Pearson started his career as a chemist's assistant, but changed his interests after attending a lecture on plants by A. C. Seward at Eastbourne in 1892, he taught for a while and was awarded a scholarship to Christ's College, Cambridge in 1896, obtaining a first class in the Natural Science Tripos. Pearson published two papers in 1898, dealing with Bowenia spectabilis, a member of the Stangeriaceae from Australia. In the same year he explored the patanas in Ceylon for six months, having been awarded a Worts Travelling Scholars Fund. For this ecological dissertation he received the Walsingham Medal from Cambridge, the marine biologist Ernest William MacBride having been the first recipient in 1893. At Cambridge he was appointed Assistant Curator of the herbarium under Harry Marshall Ward. Here taxonomy engaged his interest and he received a Frank Smart Studentship.

The following year found him at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. His interest in Verbenaceae led to his description of the family for Harvey & Sonder's Flora Capensis. In 1903 Pearson became the first Harry Bolus Professor of Botany at the South African College. In 1904 he set off for South West Africa on the first of several expeditions with the object of studying the monotypic Welwitschia; this expedition was cut short by the first of the so-called Herero Wars. In 1907 he made a second attempt in the company of E. E. Galpin who had accompanied him on cycad-hunting trips to the Eastern Cape, his papers on the ecology and embryology of Welwitschia, led to a Cantabrigian DSc in 1907, which in turn led to a study of the related Gnetum, to which end he went on a collecting expedition to Angola in 1909. During this time he wrote an account of the Thymelaeaceae for the Flora of Tropical Africa. Living in Cape Town and keenly aware of the floristic wealth of the Cape Peninsula, Pearson had become an ardent campaigner for the establishing of a botanical garden.

He made an impassioned appeal to the authorities and the public at his 1910 presidential address to the South African Association for the Advancement of Science. As a consequence the Botanical Society of South Africa was formed in 1912 and a deputation was despatched to make representations to the Prime Minister, Louis Botha; the campaign found a powerful supporter in Sir Lionel Phillips, who introduced the necessary bill in the House of Assembly in 1913. An area which Cecil Rhodes had bequeathed to the public, was set aside and Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden came into being. Pearson was appointed with J. W. Matthews as curator. On Pearson's death he was buried in Kirstenbosch, his epitaph reading "If ye seek his monument, look around", he is commemorated in the genus Pearsonia and several specific epithets. The 1914 volume 140 of Curtis's Botanical Magazine is dedicated to his memory; the Harold Pearson Chair of Botany at the University of Cape Town was founded in his honour, the HW Pearson Building is named after him.

This botanist is denoted by the author abbreviation H. Pearson when citing a botanical name. Bachelor of Arts Cantab. 1896, DSc 1907, Fellow of the Royal Society 1916, Fellow of the Linnean Society of London 1901, Assistant Curator Cambridge Herbarium 1898–99, Kew Herbarium 1899, Professor of Botany at South African College in Cape Town 1903, Director of Cape Botanical Gardens 1913. Works by or about Henry Harold Welch Pearson at Internet Archive

Robbie Rogers

Robert Hampton Rogers III is a television producer and former American professional soccer player. He played as a left back. Rogers has represented the United States men's national soccer team. In February 2013, Rogers came out as gay, becoming the second male soccer player in Britain to do so after Justin Fashanu in 1990. After a brief retirement, he became the first gay man to compete in a top North American professional sports league when he played his first match for the LA Galaxy in May 2013. After one season playing college soccer at the University of Maryland, Rogers attracted the interest of Dutch Eredivisie side Heerenveen, he failed to make any first-team appearances. He left the club by mutual consent in February 2007, returned to the United States to sign for Columbus Crew. Rogers' four-year tenure at Columbus Crew was a successful one, with the player breaking through into the first-team, as well as securing an MLS Cup title in 2008 and two Supporters' Shield wins in 2008 and 2009 respectively.

In December 2011, Rogers opted to leave Crew. He moved to England, although a series of injuries limited his appearances before his announcement and return stateside. Robbie Rogers was born in Rancho Palos Verdes, the son of Theresa and Robert Hampton Rogers II, he has one brother and three sisters, Nicole Camilla and Katie Rose. His mother's family is from the Columbus, Ohio area, where Rogers played for Columbus Crew, his maternal grandfather is a graduate of The Ohio State University and his mother spent her early childhood years in Dublin, before the family moved to California. When growing up, Rogers enjoyed surfing, he still surfs, he enjoys playing table tennis and has a strong interest in music. Rogers said that his favorite athlete is Zlatan Ibrahimović. Rogers was accepted to study at the London College of Fashion and is a co-owner of Halsey, a menswear fashion company, he designs, models for the company. Rogers started playing soccer at age four-and-a-half at the American Youth Soccer Organization.

At the age of seven, Rogers played soccer in the Coast Soccer league, as well as in various Hispanic leagues. He attended Mater Dei High School in Santa Ana, where he was a two-time High School All-American in soccer. Rogers made three appearances for Orange County Blue Star of the USL Premier Development League in 2005, leaving upon deciding to attend university in the fall, he played one season of college soccer at the University of Maryland, alongside his future Columbus Crew teammate Jason Garey, helping lead the team to the 2005 NCAA Championship. During his one season at UMD, he assisted a further five goals, he was named in the ACC All-Conference Freshman team, as well as the Soccer Rookie Team of the Year. After impressing during his one year of college soccer for Maryland Terrapins, Rogers attracted the interest of Dutch Eredivisie side Heerenveen. In the summer of 2006, Heerenveen invited Rogers to the club for a three-week trial, an option that he took up; the trial period was successful, he signed a two-year professional contract with the Dutch side in August 2006, his first professional deal.

Rogers admitted that the decision to turn professional, turn down three remaining years of eligibility at Maryland, was "the toughest of his life", but stated that it was "an opportunity he could not pass up". However, Rogers failed to make a first-team appearance for the club, although played for the reserve side that went on to win their respective league during the 2006–07 season, he left Heerenveen by mutual consent in February 2007. Following his release, Rogers returned to the United States, was subsequently signed by MLS side Columbus Crew ahead of the 2007 MLS season. Columbus Crew acquired Rogers after they had won a Draft Lottery for the player in March 2007, he scored his first goal for the club on June 17, 2007, netting the opening goal of the game in a 3–3 draw away to New England Revolution. Rogers scored two further times during the 2007 campaign, both of which came in a 3–2 victory over D. C. United at RFK Stadium, he made ten appearances during his first season with Crew, scoring three times and making one assist.

The 2008 season would be Rogers' breakthrough season as a professional. He started the campaign playing for Crew, scoring his first goals of the season in a 4–3 home win over CD Chivas USA on April 13, 2008, he went on to score the winning goal in a 2–1 win against Kansas City Wizards on May 4, 2008, before netting twice a week as Crew defeated San Jose Earthquakes 3–2 to take their winning streak to five matches. Following his two goals against Earthquakes, Rogers was awarded the MLS Player of the Week award for week seven. Rogers' sixth goal of the campaign came in a 3–1 home win against New York Red Bulls at Columbus Crew Stadium in September 2008, he went on to score a further goal in the 2008 MLS Cup Playoffs, scoring the club's second in a 2–0 win over Kansas City Wizards. Rogers played in all four of Crew's MLS Cup games, including in the final, where they defeated New York Red Bulls 3–1 at The Home Depot Center in November 2008; the season was successful both individually and collectively for Rogers, as he was named in the MLS Best XI team for the year, as well as picking up Supporters' Shield and MLS Cup silverware.

He made 33 appearances during the 2008 campaign, scoring seven times, assisting three goals. It took Rogers five months to score his first goal of the 2009 season as Crew started the season without a win

Marsha's Scheme of Diamonds

"Marsha's Scheme of Diamonds" is the 58th episode of the Batman television series. It aired on ABC, on November 24, 1966 and guest starred Carolyn Jones as Marsha, Queen of Diamonds. In the previous episode, as Batman is about to be forced into marrying Marsha, Queen of Diamonds, Aunt Harriet Cooper and Alfred Pennyworth, posing as “Mrs. Batman” and her “lawyer” storm up to the altar. Alfred provides a fake marriage certificate to the minister conducting the wedding, showing that Batman is still married; the minister refuses to go on with the wedding. A furious Marsha runs back to her lair. However, Batman arrives. Marsha and her goons escape before Batman and Alfred enter. Batman and Alfred revive Commissioner Gordon and Chief O'Hara. Marsha returns to see Aunt Hilda about the failure of Hilda’s latest potion. Hilda knew the potion was of poor quality anyway, so they try to figure out a workable potion for the Dynamic Duo. Meanwhile, Robin wakes up in the Batcave, telling Batman that their troubles with Marsha all center around their Bat-Diamond.

Since the Bat-Diamond would be too large and heavy for Marsha to steal from the Batcave, the Dynamic Duo obtains some information via the Batcomputer about Marsha’s bordello. Commissioner Gordon calls Batman, remembering Marsha saying to him that she has to visit her aunt, while Batman suspects that there may be a basement where Marsh and Aunt Hilda are hiding. Using the Bat-Computer and Robin locate Marsha’s basement and pay a visit to the Queen and Hilda. A fight with Marsha’s men ensues. Marsha throws a smoke bomb, rendering Batman and Robin unconscious Hilda turns Batman and Robin into toads before delivering them to Commissioner Gordon’s office. Marsha threatens to feed Batman and Robin to a hungry cat unless Commissioner Gordon reveals the Batcave and Bat-Diamond’s location. Batman and Robin reappear through a window, shocking Marsha and Gordon; the toads were substituted. The voices from the toads were provided by Batman's ventriloquism. Marsha is placed under arrest. Cliff Robertson as Shame corrals The Caped Crusaders!

"Marsha's Scheme of Diamonds" on IMDb "Marsha's Scheme of Diamonds" at