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Geography of Fiji

Fiji is a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific, lying about 4,450 kilometres southwest of Honolulu and 1,770 km north of New Zealand. Of the 332 islands and 522 smaller islets making up the archipelago, about 106 are permanently inhabited; the total land size is 18,272 km2. It has the 26th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 1,282,978 km2. Viti Levu, the largest island, covers about 57% of the nation's land area, hosts the two official cities and most other major towns, such as Nausori, Vaileka, Ba, Kororvou and Nadi, contains some 69% of the population. Vanua Levu, 64 km to the north of Viti Levu, covers just over 30% of the land area though is home to only some 15% of the population, its main towns are Savusavu. In the northeast it features Natewa Bay. Both islands are mountainous, with peaks up to 1,300 m rising abruptly from the shore, covered with tropical forests. Heavy rains fall on the windward side, covering these sections of the islands with dense tropical forest. Lowlands on the western portions of each of the main islands are sheltered by the mountains and have a well-marked dry season favorable to crops such as sugarcane.

Other islands and island groups, which cover just 12.5% of the land area and house some 16% of the population, include Taveuni southeast off Vanua Levu and Kadavu Island, south off Viti Levu, the Mamanuca Group and Yasawa Group, which are popular tourist destinations, the Lomaiviti Group with Levuka, the former capital and the only major town on any of the smaller islands, located on the island of Ovalau, the remote Lau Group over the Koro Sea to the east near Tonga, from which it is separated by the Lakeba Passage. Two outlying regions are Rotuma, 400 km to the north, the uninhabited coral atoll and cay Ceva-i-Ra or Conway Reef, 450 km to the southwest of main Fiji. Culturally conservative Rotuma with its 2,000 people on 44 km2 geographically belongs to Polynesia, enjoys relative autonomy as a Fijian dependency. Fiji Television reported on 21 September 2006 that the Fiji Islands Maritime and Safety Administration, while reviewing its outdated maritime charts, had discovered the possibility that more islands could lie within Fiji's Exclusive Economic Zone.

More than half of Fiji's population lives on the island coasts, either in Suva or in smaller urban centers. The interior is sparsely populated because of its rough terrain. Location Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean. 200 nmi Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation. Northernmost point – Uea Island, Eastern Division Easternmost point – Vatoa Island, Eastern Division Southernmost point – Ceva-i-Ra island, Western Division Westernmost point – Viwa Island, Western Division The antipodes of Fiji are in eastern Mali, around the northernmost bend of the Niger River; the small western island of Yasawa is antipodal to the Niger about 50 km from Timbuktu, whereas the eastern cape of Vanua Levu corresponds to the old imperial city of Gao. The antipodes of the dependency of Rotuma are in west of Ouagadougou. Fiji is home to various wildlife. List of birds of Fiji This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website

Roy Morgan Research

Roy Morgan is an Australian market research company headquartered in Melbourne. It was founded in 1941 by Roy Morgan; the company has annual turnover of more than A$40 million, along with the head office in Melbourne has offices in Sydney and Brisbane as well as offices of Roy Morgan International in Auckland, New York City and Jakarta. The results are published on and by newspapers, television, the Internet and online subscription services such as Crikey and Henry Thornton. The company is a major provider of advertising and media planning data and undertakes large government and corporate research programs. Roy Morgan developed the Worm, which first appeared on live TV on Channel Ten's Face to Face current affairs program; this leading Audience Response Measurement technology was colloquially described as The Worm because of the live graphs that snake their way over the television screen, displaying the audience's reactions to visual stimuli in real-time. After being commissioned to provide The Worm to the Nine Network for a decade, Roy Morgan Research discovered that Nine had secretly registered'The Worm' as a trademark.

As a result of an ensuing dispute, Roy Morgan Research changed the branding from The Worm to The Reactor in 2004 and continued to develop the product, now conducted online and via The Reactor mobile app. Roy Morgan conducts the fieldwork for The Melbourne Institute's Household and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey. Official website

Cosmé McMoon

Cosmé McMunn, who used the name Cosmé McMoon, was an Irish-Mexican-American pianist and composer, best known as the accompanist to notably tone-deaf soprano Florence Foster Jenkins. McMoon was born as Cosmé McMunn in 1901 in Mapimí, the son of Maria and Cosme McMunn, his paternal grandparents were Irish and his mother was of Mexican descent. He moved with his family to San Antonio, Texas around 1911, he moved to New York City around 1920 to further his musical studies, adopted the McMoon spelling around that time. Jenkins met McMoon sometime in the 1920s, knowing McMoon was a concert pianist asked him to help her prepare for her performances and accompany her. Apart from giving occasional piano lessons, McMoon never achieved a career in music after Jenkins' death in 1944, instead pursued a long interest in bodybuilding and judging bodybuilding contests, he was fascinated with mathematics. He resided in New York City until shortly before his death in August 1980. McMoon was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and moved back to San Antonio, died two days after arriving.

His remains were his ashes rest at Sunset Memorial Park in San Antonio. McMoon never had any children. McMoon was portrayed by actor Donald Corren in Souvenir, a play about Florence Foster Jenkins' career, which ran on Broadway in 2004 and has since been staged in many regional theaters, he is portrayed in a Golden Globe-nominated performance by Simon Helberg in the 2016 feature film about the life of Jenkins titled Florence Foster Jenkins. Cosmé McMoon at Find a Grave Cosme McMoon at


Kississippi is an American pop and indie folk group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Kississippi began when Zoë Allaire Reynolds and Colin James Kupson met on the dating application Tinder. In May 2014, the duo released of a cover of a song titled "ears ringing, fingertips lingering" by I Forgot To Love My Father. In August 2014, Kississippi released. In November 2015, Kississippi released their second EP titled We Have No Future, We’re All Doomed via Soft Speak Records. In April 2018, Kississippi released their first full length album titled Sunset Blush via Alcopop Records. Zoë Allaire Reynolds Adam DaSilva EPs I Can Feel You In My Hair Still We Have No Future, We're All Doomed Full Length Albums Sunset Blush

Vercelli Book

The Vercelli Book is one of the oldest of the four Old English Poetic Codices. It is an anthology of Old English verse that dates back to the late 10th century; the manuscript is housed in northern Italy. The Vercelli Book comprises 135 folios, although the manuscript was compiled and written in the late 10th century, not all of the texts found in the manuscript were written at that time; the poems ascribed to Cynewulf could have been created much earlier. The Vercelli Book contains 23 prose homilies and a prose vita of Saint Guthlac, interspersed with six poems: Andreas The Fates of the Apostles Soul and Body Dream of the Rood Elene a fragment of a homiletic poem The book is a parchment manuscript of the end of the tenth century, containing a miscellany, or florilegium, of religious texts that were selected for private inspiration; the meticulous hand is Anglo-Saxon square minuscule. It was found in the library by Friedrich Blume, in 1822, was first described in his Iter Italicum; the presence of the volume was explained by a hospice catering to English pilgrims, founded by Jacopo Guala Bicchieri, bishop of Vercelli, papal legate in England 1216–1218.

In the words of a modern critic, "The Vercelli Book appears... to have been put together from a number of different exemplars with no apparent overall design in mind. The manner in which the scribe did the copying is mechanical. In most cases, he copied the dialect and the manuscript punctuation, found in the original texts, these aspects therefore aid in reconstructing the variety of exemplars; the texts therefore range in date for although they were all copied in the tenth century, they need not all have been written in this period". The verse items occur. Evidence suggests. Elaine Treharne in Old and Middle English: An Anthology suggests: "Although the examples are diverse, no apparent chronological or formal arrangement can be discerned, the texts suggest the compiler was someone in a monastic setting who wished to illustrate his personal interest in penitential and eschatological themes and to glorify the ascetic way of life; the homilies represent part of the anonymous tradition of religious prose writing in Anglo Saxon England".

In his book The Vercelli Homilies, Donald Scragg claims that because of the poetry, the Vercelli Book "is in no sense a homiliary". He argues that most of the homilies in the Vercelli Book are sermons with general themes, while two of the homilies describe lives of the saints; the manuscript contains two homilies that are narrative pieces and lack the typical homiletic structure. The arrangement of the homilies, coupled with the placement of the poetic pieces, creates a manuscript which Scragg considers to be "one of the most important vernacular books to survive from the pre-Conquest period". None of the homilies can be dated, nor can any be assigned to a specific author. Blume reported his find to German historian Johann Martin Lappenberg, who in turn wrote to the British antiquary Charles Purton Cooper. Blume did not, as was earlier thought, transcribe the manuscript himself. Rather, Cooper, on behalf of the British Record Commission, commissioned Dr. C. Maier of the University of Tübingen to make a transcript, which he did in 1834.

This copy was the basis for Benjamin Thorpe's putative edition, "well advanced" by 1835 but never published. Copies of his work were kept and distributed between 1869 and 1917, though some copies must have been sent out: one such copy was the basis for Jacob Grimm's Andreas und Elene, an edition of the Old English poems Andreas and Elene, both found in the Vercelli Book. In turn, John Mitchell Kemble based his Poetry of the Codex Vercellensis on Grimm's edition. Given Vercelli's remote location, Maier's was the only available transcription for decades. Blume, Friedrich. Iter Italicum. Berlin: Nicolaischen Buchhandlung. Retrieved 24 November 2014. Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Vercelli Book". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27. Cambridge University Press. P. 1017. Förster, Max. "Der Vercelli-Codex CXVII nebst Abdruck einiger altenglischer Homilien der Handschrift". Festschrift für Lorenz Morsbach. Studien zur englischen Philologie. 1. Halle. Pp. 59–61. OL 14007806M. Gradon, Pamela Olive Elisabeth. Cynewulf's "Elene". Exeter: University of Exeter Press.

ISBN 9780859895088. Kemble, John Mitchell; the poetry of the Codex Vercellensis. Aelfric Society 14. London. OL 3021761W. Krapp, Georg Philip. "The First Transcript of the Vercelli Book". Modern Language Notes. 17: 171–72. Doi:10.2307/2917925. JSTOR 2917925. Krapp, George Phillip, ed.. Vercelli book. New York: Columbia University Press. OCLC 635743. Lapidge, Michael; the Blackwell encyclopedia of Anglo Saxon England. Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 9780631155652. Muinzer, L. A.. "Maier's Transcript and the Conclusion of Cynewulf's'Fates of the Apostles'". Journal of En

Hasmonean royal winter palaces

The Hasmonean royal winter palaces are a complex of Hasmonean and Herodian buildings from the Second Temple period, which were discovered in the western plain of Jericho valley, at Tulul Abu al-'Alayiq, near the place where the Roman road connecting Jericho with Jerusalem enters Wadi Qelt. Two tells are located on either side of Wadi Qelt; the palaces are evidence of the luxurious lifestyle of the Hasmonean dynasty and of Herod the Great. They made extensive use of swimming pools, ornamental gardens and orchards; the palaces were not far from Jerusalem – 20 km along the ancient Roman road. The site was excavated in the 19th century by Charles Warren, who attempted to locate the place of Biblical Jericho. After making an archaeological trench, he concluded. Additional excavations were conducted by the Germans Ernst Sellin and Carl Watzinger, in 1910–1911, but the results have never been published. In 1950, two expeditions from the United States dug on the site. An ornamental garden with magnificent remains from the time of Herod was discovered north of the southern tell, labeled "the sunken garden."

Farther north were discovered the remains of a building, identified as a gymnasium. After the Yom Kippur War in 1973, extensive excavations were conducted on site by archaeologist Ehud Netzer; the excavations covered an area of 30 hectares. The excavations revealed remains of aqueducts to the west of Jericho. At the oasis of Jericho, Netzer uncovered new wings of Herod's winter palace, as well as a Hasmonean winter palace containing a number of swimming pools and gardens; the complex includes the Jericho Synagogue, built 70–50 BC and identified as one of the oldest synagogues found. Survey and excavations show that the site covers an area of 120 hectares, is only part of Second Temple-period Jericho. A series of winter palaces were discovered, some which were shown to have been built by the Hasmoneans, others by Herod the Great, who inherited the older estate and expanded the palatial compound with new buildings, it turned out that the area of the city of Jericho was broad. South of one of the palaces, in the area that today is the Aqabat Jaber refugee camp, remains of luxurious houses were discovered, scattered over dozens of acres.

A royal farm was discovered north of the palaces. A close connection was found between the winter palaces. Aqueducts, which were built during the Hasmonean period, enabled the construction of the winter palaces and the farm. Two aqueducts brought water to the site from the following springs that flow year-round: Wadi Qelt: Ein Perat, Ein Mabua, Ein Qelt. Nahal Na'aran: Ein Noema, Ein Diuk, Ein Shusha; the Hasmonean winter palace, at the northern part of the site, consisted of the following structures: The main building Swimming pool complex Southern division The Hasmonean palace was built on a hill overlooking the city of Jericho. The palace was built by John Hyrcanus I and believed to have been fortified during the reign of Alexander Jannaeus. A strong earthquake in 31 BCE destroyed the palace. Evidence to this was found in different parts of the complex. On its site King Herod built mound, on which he built his second palace; the establishment of the mound resulted in coverage of the Hasmonean palace, thus parts of it were preserved, such as a building wall remaining 7 metres high.

The main structure of the Hasmonean palace was 50 by 50 metres. Elements of the building were as was customary for luxury palaces in the area: Rooms were decorated with colorful frescoes, imitating marble. Stucco decorations in the form of building stones. An unroofed central courtyard; the water flowed into the swimming pools and buildings through clay and lead pipes, buried in the ground, aqueducts supplied water to gardens and orchards. Remains were found of two pairs of swimming pools: a small pair west of the palace, a large pair north of it, it is speculated that the pools were the focus of entertainment and enjoyment of the inhabitants of the palace. They are the place where, according to historian Josephus, Aristobulus III, the last high priest from the Hasmonean dynasty, was drowned. South of the large pools was a luxurious 21 by 17 metres building, the so-called pavilion, built in the style of a Doric temple. An axis of symmetry passed through the pools, the open courtyard, the temple north of them.

The "twin palaces" were two similar buildings. The hypothesis is that they were built by Queen Shlomtzion for her two sons and Aristobulus, in order to soften the rivalry between them that lasted nearly thirty years; the size of the palaces was 25 by 25 metres. Each of the two palaces contained a luxurious bathhouse. Many ritual baths were found around the palace, required by their priestly owners, who had to be ritually purified before eating terumah. A ritual bath for vessels was found, containing the remains of 800 bowls; the palace served the last Hasmonean king, Antigonus Matityahu II, as evidenced by a hoard of 20 coins. The first palace was situated on the southern bank of Wadi Qelt, on land leased from Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, who received it as a gift from Mark Antony in 36 BCE. Meanwhile, in the north, the Hasmonean palace was still standing; the palace was 86 by 46 meters. In the center was an open courtyard with perimeter columns and a central pool draining the rainwater. In the palace were a magnificent hall, a luxurious bathhouse, a pair of deep pools, which were ritual baths.

The palace was exposed in 1951 by Pritchard. After excavation of the pala