The geography of Kenya is diverse, varying amongst Kenya's 47 Counties. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean. Inland are numerous hills. Kenya borders South Sudan to the northwest, Uganda to the west, the Jubaland province of Somalia to the east, Tanzania to the south, Ethiopia to the north. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley and central province home to the highest mountain, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon on the border between Kenya and Uganda; the Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is a relic of an East African rainforest. Much bigger is the largest forest complex in East Africa. Eastern Africa on the Indian Ocean coast between the Jubaland province of Somalia and Tanzania Geographic coordinates: 1°00′N 38°00′E Total: 582,650 km2 Land: 569,140 km2 Water: 11,227 km2 Total: 3,457 km Border countries: Ethiopia 867 km, Somalia 684 km, South Sudan 317 km, Tanzania 775 km, Uganda 814 km 536 km along the Indian Ocean. Territorial sea: 12 nmi Exclusive economic zone: 116,942 km2 and 200 nmi Continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation Much of the western two-thirds of the country consists of the Pliocene–Pleistocene volcanics deposited on Precambrian basement rocks.
The southeast corner of the country is underlain by sediments of the Karoo System of Permian to Late Triassic age and a strip of Jurassic age sediments along the coast in the Mombasa area. The Anza trough is a NW–SE trending Jurassic rift extending from the Indian Ocean coast to the Sudan northwest of Lake Turkana; the Anza Rift resulted from the break–up of Gondwana. The climate of Kenya varies by location, from cool every day, to always warm/hot; the climate along the coast is tropical. This means temperatures are higher throughout the year. At the coastal cities, Mombasa and Malindi, the air changes from cool to hot every day.. The further inside Kenya, the more arid. An arid climate is nearly devoid of rainfall, temperature swings according to the general time of the day/night. For many areas of Kenya, the daytime temperature rises about 12 °C every day. Elevation is the major factor in temperature levels, with the higher areas, on average, as 11 °C cooler, day or night; the many cities over a kilometre in elevation have temperature swings from 10–26 °C.
Nairobi, at 1,798 m, ranges from 9–27 °C, Kitale, at 1,825 m, ranges from 11–28 °C. At night, heavy clothes or blankets are needed, in the highlands, when the temperature drops to about 10–12 °C every night. At lower altitudes, the increased temperature is like day and night, literally: like starting the morning at the highland daytime high, adding the heat of the day, again. Hence, the overnight low temperatures near sea level are nearly the same as the high temperatures of the elevated Kenyan highlands. However, locations along the Indian Ocean have more moderate temperatures, as a few degrees cooler in the daytime, such as at Mombasa. There are slight seasonal variations of 4 °C or 7.2 °F, cooler in the winter months. Although Kenya is centred at the equator, it shares the seasons of the southern hemisphere: with the warmest summer months in December–March and the coolest winter months in June–August, again with differences in temperature varying by location within the country. On the high mountains, such as Mount Kenya, Mount Elgon and Kilimanjaro, the weather can become bitterly cold for most of the year.
Some snowfall occurs on the highest mountains. Kenya's terrain is composed of low plains that rise into central highlands that are, in turn, bisected by the Great Rift Valley. There is a fertile plateau in the west of the country; the lowest point on Kenya is at sea level on the Indian Ocean. The highest point on Kenya is 5,197 meters above sea level at Mount Kenya; the three main rivers are the Galana and the Tana and The Nzoia River, a 257-kilometre-long Kenyan river, rising from Mount Elgon. It flows south and west flowing into Lake Victoria near the town of Port Victoria. However, the Ewaso Ng'iro is an important river, supplying water from Mt. Kenya to the eastern and north-eastern part of Kenya. Natural resources that are found in Kenya include: limestone, soda ash, gemstones, zinc, oil, gypsum and hydropower. 9.8% of the land is arable. Other uses make up the rest of Kenya's land; this is as of 2011. 1,032 km2 of Kenyan land was irrigated in 2003. 30.7 km3 Total: 2.74 km3/yr Per capita: 72.96 m3/yr Natural hazards include recurring drought and flooding during the rainy seasons.
There is limited volcanic activity in the country. Barrier Volcano last erupted in 1921. Several others have been active. Current issues that threaten the environment at the moment include water pollution from urban and industrial wastes. Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, W
Die Watching is a 1993 American direct-to-video erotic thriller film starring former teen idol Christopher Atkins as a psychotic pornographic film director named Michael Terrence, who moonlights as a voyeuristic murderer. The story borrows from Michael Powell's 1960 British film Peeping Tom, it was released on VHS in the United States on August 25, 1993 and on DVD by Image Entertainment in 1999. Scarred by repressed memories of his late mother, Michael overcomes his inner pain through the merciless slaughter of various women, his killing spree is characterized by a peculiar modus operandi: he films each murder with his camera and forces each victim into watching it as they die. However, his dark side is penetrated via the romantic attentions of pretty neighbor Nola Carlisle, who seems intent on learning all she can about her handsome new friend. Christopher Atkins - Michael Terrence Vali Ashton - Nola Carlisle Mike Jacobs Jr. - Adam Parker Tim Thomerson - Detective Lewis Carlos Palomino - Detective Barry Erika Nann - Gabrielle Sally Champlin - Julienne Michael E. Bauer - Jake Ewing Miles Brown - Lucky, studio director Melanie Good - Sheila Walsh Avalon Anders - Marie Allen Fawcett - Michael's father Ashley F. Brooks - Michael's mother Matthew J. Boyle - Young Michael Tammy Elaine - Girl 1 Die Watching on IMDb Die Watching at AllMovie Die Watching at Rotten Tomatoes
Lukia Isanga Nakadama, sometimes written Rukia Isanga Nakadama, is a Ugandan businesswoman and politician. She is the current State Minister for Culture in the Ugandan Cabinet, she was appointed to that position in 2006. In the cabinet reshuffle of 16 February 2009, that of 27 May 2011, she retained this cabinet post, she is the elected Member of Parliament for Mayuge District Women's Representative. She has been continuously re-elected to that position since 2001. Isanga Nakadama was born on 2 February 1970, she was raised in the 6th born of her mother's 12 children. Her father had two other wives, she attended Nabisunsa Girls School, a public middle and high school, located in Nakawa Division in northeastern Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. She obtained a Certificate in Teaching, prior to 1999, from the Institute of Teacher Education Kyambogo, now part of Kyambogo University, one of Uganda's eight public universities, as of February 2015, she holds a diploma in Customs Clearing & Forwarding, which she obtained in 2000.
Her diploma in Education was obtained from the Islamic University in Uganda. She holds a degree of Bachelor of Arts in Public Administration from IUIU. Prior to 2001, she worked as a private businesswoman and as a teacher at the Hassantourabi Education Centre in Mayuge District, she was first elected to Parliament in 2001, as the Woman Representative for her home district of Mayuge. In 2006, she was re-elected to continue representing the same constituency, she was appointed to her present cabinet post in 2006. Lukia Nakadama is of the Islamic faith, she is married to Hajji Daudi Isanga. She belongs to the National Resistance Movement political party. Cabinet of Uganda Parliament of Uganda Mayuge District Website of the Parliament of Uganda
Lisbon is the sixth studio album by New York-based group The Walkmen, released on September 14, 2010 in the US. John Congleton engineered the album; the band recorded nearly thirty tracks before settling on the eleven tracks. The album is a tribute to the city of Lisbon in Portugal. Exclaim! named Lisbon as the No. 13 Pop & Rock Album of 2010. Pitchfork named it the No. 21 in their Top 50 Albums of 2010. As of 2011 it has sold 39,159 copies in United States according to Nielsen SoundScan. Credits adapted from AllMusic. Band Matt Barrick – Drums Peter Bauer – Organ, Piano Walter Martin – Bass, Percussion Hamilton Leithauser – Guitar, Vocals Paul Maroon – Guitar, ViolaAdditional musicians Alec Ounsworth – Vocals Greg Glassman – Trumpet Rachel Golub – Violin Clara Kennedy – Cello John Kozan – Trombone Dana Lyn – Violin Anna Stumpf – Trumpet Kenny Warren – Trumpet Alex Waterman – Cello, Transcription Mike Irwin – Trumpet Kevin Moehringer – Trombone Leyna Papach – Violin Paul Brandenburg – Trumpet Joe Ancowitz – TrumpetProduction Greg Calbi – Mastering John Congleton – Engineer, Producer Mark Endozo – Assistant Engineer Luigi Ghirri – Cover Photo Fred Maroon – Inside Photo Alex Aldi – Second Engineer Elizabeth Spiridakis – Design Chris Zane – Engineer, Mixing
Caetano v. Massachusetts, 577 U. S. ___, was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States unanimously vacated a Massachusetts conviction of a woman who carried a stun gun for self-defense. Jaime Caetano was reported to have been hospitalized and "in fear for life" after an altercation with her "abusive" boyfriend. After obtaining several restraining orders that "proved futile", Caetano accepted a stun gun from a friend for self-defense. One night, when her ex-boyfriend confronted her outside her work and threatened her, she displayed the stun gun and avoided an altercation. However, when police discovered that she was in possession of the stun gun, she was arrested and convicted under a Massachusetts law that outlawed the possession of stun guns; the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court had said her stun gun was "not the type of weapon, eligible for Second Amendment protection” because it was “not in common use at the time of enactment.” Caetano appealed the Massachusetts court's ruling to the Supreme Court of the United States.
In a per curiam decision, the Supreme Court vacated the ruling of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. Citing District of Columbia v. Heller and McDonald v. City of Chicago, the Court began its opinion by stating that "the Second Amendment extends, prima facie, to all instruments that constitute bearable arms those that were not in existence at the time of the founding" and that "the Second Amendment right is applicable to the States"; the Court identified three reasons why the Massachusetts court's opinion contradicted prior rulings by the United States Supreme Court. First, the Massachusetts court said that stun guns could be banned because they "were not in common use at the time of the Second Amendment’s enactment", but the Supreme Court noted that this contradicted Heller's conclusion that Second Amendment protects "arms... that were not in existence at the time of the founding”. Second, the Massachusetts court said that stun guns were "dangerous per se at common law and unusual" because they were "a modern invention", but the Supreme Court held that this was inconsistent with Heller.
Third, the Massachusetts court said that stun guns could be banned because they were not "readily adaptable to use in the military", but the Supreme Court held that Heller rejected the argument that "only those weapons useful in warfare" were protected by the Second Amendment. Justice Samuel Alito wrote an opinion concurring in the judgment, in which he was joined by Justice Clarence Thomas. Justice Alito characterized the per curiam decision as "grudging" and wrote that "he reasoning of the Massachusetts court poses a grave threat to the fundamental right of self-defense", he provided an analysis of why he believed that the Massachusetts court's ruling contradicted Heller and other cases interpreting the Second Amendment. After concluding that the Massachusetts stun gun ban violates the Second Amendment, Justice Alito wrote: "if the fundamental right of self-defense does not protect Caetano the safety of all Americans is left to the mercy of state authorities who may be more concerned about disarming people than about keeping them safe".
On July 6, 2016, after the prosecution and defense reached an agreement, Caetano was found not guilty by a Massachusetts judge. In a subsequent case, Ramirez v. Commonwealth, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court relied on Caetano to strike down the state's stun gun law. Lyle Denniston observed that the Court's opinion was the first direct interpretation of the meaning of the Second Amendment since the Court's 2008 ruling in Heller. However, given the limited nature of the per curiam opinion, Denniston noted that "he facts in this case do not stand as a definite constitutional declaration". List of United States Supreme Court cases Lists of United States Supreme Court cases by volume List of United States Supreme Court cases by the Roberts Court Text of Caetano v. Massachusetts, 577 U. S. ___ is available from: CourtListener Google Scholar Oyez Supreme Court
The Reissert reaction is a series of chemical reactions that transforms quinoline to quinaldic acid. Quinolines will react with acid chlorides and potassium cyanide to give 1-acyl-2-cyano-1,2-dihydroquinolines known as Reissert compounds. Hydrolysis gives the desired quinaldic acid; the Reissert reaction is successful with isoquinolines and most pyridines. Several reviews have been published. ^ Reissert, Arnold. "Ueber die Einführung der Benzoyl-gruppe in tertiäre cyclische Basen". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft. 38: 1603–1614. Doi:10.1002/cber.19050380260. ^ Grosheintz, J. M.. "Preparation of 1-Acyl-1,2-dihydroquinaldonitriles and their Hydrolysis to Aldehydes". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 63: 2021–2022. Doi:10.1021/ja01852a066. ^ Weinstock, J.. Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 4, p. 641. ^ Uff, B. C.. Vol. 6, p. 115. ^ Mosettig, E. Org. React. 1954, 8, 220. ^ McEwen, William E.. "The Chemistry of N-Acyldihydroquinaldonitriles and N-Acyldihydroisoquinaldonitriles". Chemical Reviews.
55: 511–549. Doi:10.1021/cr50003a002. ^ Ahamed, Muneer. H.. "Catalytic Asymmetric Additions of Carbon-Centered Nucleophiles to Nitrogen-Containing Aromatic Heterocycles". European Journal of Organic Chemistry. 2010: 5935–5942. Doi:10.1002/ejoc.201000877. Cobb, R. Lynn. "Mechanism of the Acid-catalyzed Hydrolysis of Reissert Compounds". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 77: 5042. Doi:10.1021/ja01624a031. McEwen, William E.. "1,3-Dipolar addition reactions of Reissert compounds". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 93: 4479. Doi:10.1021/ja00747a023. Evanguelidou, Eleftheria K.. "Acid-Catalyzed Condensation of a Reissert Compound with Acrylonitrile". The Journal of Organic Chemistry. 31: 4110. Doi:10.1021/jo01350a056