Harrison County, Indiana
Harrison County is located in the far southern part of the U. S. state of Indiana along the Ohio River. The county was established in 1808; as of the 2010 census, the county's population was 39,364, an increase of 6.6% from 2000. The county seat is the former capital of Indiana. Harrison County is part of KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county has a diverse economy with no sector employing more than 13% of the local workforce. Horseshoe Southern Indiana is the largest employer, followed by Tyson Foods and the Harrison County Hospital. Tourism is centered on the county's many historic sites. County government is divided among several bodies including the boards of the county's three school districts, three elected commissioners who exercise legislative and executive powers, an elected county council that controls the county budget, a circuit and superior court, township trustees in the county's 12 townships; the county has 10 incorporated towns with a total population of over 5,000, as well as many small unincorporated towns.
One Interstate highway and one U. S. Route run through the county, as do eight Indiana State Roads and two railroad lines. Migratory groups of Native Americans inhabited the area for thousands of years, but the first permanent settlements in what would become Harrison County were created by American settlers in the years after the American Revolutionary War; the population grew during first decade of the 19th century. Corydon was platted in 1808 and became the capital of the Indiana Territory in 1813. Many of the state's early important historic events occurred in the county, including the writing of Indiana's first constitution. Corydon was the state capital until 1825, but in the years afterward remained an important hub for southern Indiana. In 1859 there was a major meteorite strike. In 1863 the Battle of Corydon was fought, the only battle of the American Civil War to occur in Indiana. Humans first entered; this region was of particular value to the early humans because of the abundance of flint.
There is evidence of flint mining in local caves as early as 2000 BCE. Passing migratory tribes frequented the area, influenced by succeeding groups of peoples including the Hopewells and Mississippians. One flint-working and camping location is the Swan's Landing Archeological Site, one of the most important Early Archaic archaeological sites in eastern North America. Permanent human settlements in the county began with the arrival of American settlers in the last decade of the 18th century; the area became part of the United States following its conquest during the American Revolutionary War. Veterans of the revolution received land grants in the eastern part of the county as part of Clark's Grant. Daniel Boone and his brother Squire Boone were early explorers of the county, entering from Kentucky in the 1780s. Harvey Heth, Spier Spencer, Edward Smith were among the first to settle in the county beginning in the 1790s. Smith built the first home in the area of Corydon. Harrison County was part of Knox County and Clark County but was separated in 1808.
It was the first Indiana county formed by the Indiana territorial legislature instead of the Governor. Portions of the county were separated into parts of Crawford, Washington, Clark, Perry and Orange Counties; the county was named for William Henry Harrison, the first governor of Indiana Territory, a General in War of 1812, hero of Tippecanoe, the 9th U. S. President. Harrison was the largest land holder in the county at the time and had a small estate at Harrison Spring. Squire Boone settled permanently in what is now Boone Township in 1806, he is buried in a cave near his home, Squire Boone Caverns. James and Daniel Boone settled in Harrison County's Heth Township during the first decade of the 1800s; the county's first church was built by Boone east of present-day Laconia. The church, reconstructed, is known as Old Goshen. Jacob Kintner settled near Corydon in about 1810, he was one of the wealthiest settlers and amassed a 700-acre tract of land around Corydon, built a large home, maintained an inn.
Paul and Susanna Mitchem became Quakers and immigrated to Harrison County from North Carolina in 1814, bringing with them 107 slaves whom they freed after arriving. Although some of the former slaves left, the group became one of the largest communities of free blacks in the state; the first road was built in Harrison County in 1809 connecting Corydon with Mauckport on the Ohio River. A tow-and-ferry line was operated there by the Mauck family bringing settlers into the county from Kentucky; this road and ferry expanded the county's economic viability and ease of access to the outside world, leading to a rapid settlement of the area. The county's population more than doubled in the following decade. Dennis Pennington, who lived near Lanesville, became one of the county's early leading citizens and speaker of the territory's legislature. Corydon began competing with other southern Indiana settlements to become the new capital of the territory after its reorganization in 1809. Hostilities broke out in 1811 with the Native American tribes on the frontier, the territorial capital was moved to Corydon on May 1, 1813, after Pennington suggested that it would be safer than Vincennes.
For the next twelve years, Corydon was the political center of subsequent state. A state constitution was drafted in Corydon during June 1816 and after statehood the town served as the state capital until 1825; the first division of the county occurred in 1814 when t
Floyd County, Indiana
Floyd County is a county located in the U. S. state of Indiana. As of 2012, the population was 75,283; the county seat is New Albany. Floyd County is the county with the second-smallest land area in the entire state, it was formed in the year 1819 from neighboring Clark, Harrison counties. Floyd County is part of KY -- IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Floyd County the Shawnee Indians hunting ground, was conquered for the United States by George Rogers Clark during the American Revolutionary War from the British, he was awarded large tracts of land in Indiana, including all of present-day Floyd County. Clark sold land to the settlers. In 1818, New Albany was a large enough to form a new county. New Albany leaders sent Nathaniel Scribner and John K. Graham to the capital at Corydon to petition the General Assembly. Legislation was passed on January 2, 1819 by the General Assembly, the county was established on February 1; the origin of the county's name is debated. According to the State Library, it was named for John Floyd, a leading Jefferson County, Kentucky pioneer and uncle of Davis Floyd.
John Floyd was killed in 1783 when his party was attacked by Indians in Kentucky. However, some maintain the county was named for Davis Floyd, convicted of aiding Aaron Burr in the treason of 1809. Davis Floyd had been a leading local political figure and was the county's first circuit court judge. In 1814, New Albany was platted and was established as the county seat on March 4, 1819. There was an attempt in 1823 to move the county seat. New Albany would be the largest city in the state for much of the early 19th century being overtaken by Indianapolis during the Civil War. Between 1800 and 1860, Floyd County experienced a huge boom in population. A survey in the 1850s found that over half of Indiana's population that made more than $100,000 per year lived in Floyd County, establishing it as having the richest population in the state; the Duncan Tunnel, the longest tunnel in Indiana, was built in Floyd County in 1881 between New Albany and Edwardsville. Because no route over the Floyds Knobs was suitable for a railroad line, civil engineers decided to tunnel through them.
The project was started by the Air Line but was completed by Southern Railway. It took five years to bore at a cost of $1 million; the Tunnel is 4,311 feet long. Floyd County, during the 19th century, attracted immigrants of Irish, German and African American origins; the French settlers located in Floyds Knobs, Indiana. The Irish began arriving in 1817 and settled in large numbers between 1830 and 1850. German immigrants settled in New Albany. By 1850, about one in six county residents had been born in other countries. Mount Saint Francis, a multi-purpose complex owned and administered by the Conventual Franciscan Friars of the Province of Our Lady of Consolation, is located in Floyds Knobs along Highway 150; the property includes 400 acres of woods and Mount Saint Francis Lake, both which are open to the public. Numerous hiking trails meander through the fields containing native prairie grasses. No hunting is allowed on the property. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 148.96 square miles, of which 147.94 square miles is land and 1.02 square miles is water.
It is the second smallest county in area, behind only Ohio County. New Albany Floyds Knobs Georgetown Greenville Galena Floyd County is divided into five townships: Franklin Georgetown Greenville Lafayette New Albany Floyds Knobs was named after the most prominent geographical feature of the county which are the knobs: many steep hills which dot the midsection of the county; the highest point is South Skyline Drive, at just over 1,000 ft. The Knobs Unit, which includes Floyd County, contains some of the hilliest country in Indiana; as a result, the area supports trees that prefer dry sites and ridgetops, as well as those that prefer wet sites, ravines, or “bottomland.” Tree types unique to the unit swamp tupelo. Part of the unit stands on sandstone bedrock; this difference accommodates their associated flowering plants and shrubs. Trees found in Floyd County include the Sycamore, Flowering Dogwood, Virginia Pine, Easter Redcedar, American Beech, Sugar Maple, American Elm and Chestnut Oak; the lowest point in the county is the shore of the Ohio River near New Albany at an elevation of 380 ft. Interstate 64 Interstate 265 U.
S. Route 150 Indiana State Road 11 Indiana State Road 62 Indiana State Road 64 Indiana State Road 111 Indiana State Road 335 Clark County Jefferson County, Kentucky Harrison County Washington County In recent years, average temperatures in New Albany have ranged from a low of 25 °F in January to a high of 87 °F in July; the record low temperature was −22 °F, recorded in January, 1994, a record high was 107 °F, recorded in July, 1936. On July 4, 2012, the record for highest temperature in the county was broken. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.79 inches in October of last year to 4.88 inches in May of last year. The county government is a constitutional body, is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the cou
Old Louisville is a historic district and neighborhood in central Louisville, Kentucky, USA. It is the third largest such district in the United States, the largest preservation district featuring entirely Victorian architecture, it is unique in that a majority of its structures are made of brick, the neighborhood contains the highest concentration of residential homes with stained glass windows in the U. S. Many of the buildings are in the Victorian-era styles of Romanesque, Queen Anne, among others. There are several 20th-century buildings from 15 to 20 stories. Old Louisville consists of about 48 city blocks and is located north of the University of Louisville's main campus and south of Broadway and Downtown Louisville, in the central portion of the modern city; the neighborhood hosts the renowned St. James Court Art Show on the first weekend in October. Despite its name, Old Louisville was built as a suburb of Louisville starting in the 1870s, nearly a century after Louisville was founded.
It was called the Southern Extension, the name Old Louisville did not come until the 1960s. Old Louisville was home to some of Louisville's wealthiest residents, but saw a decline in the early and mid-20th century. Following revitalization efforts and gentrification, Old Louisville is home to a diverse population with a high concentration of students and young professionals. Old Louisville is not the oldest part of Louisville. In fact, large-scale development south of Broadway did not begin until the 1870s, nearly a century after what is now Downtown Louisville was first settled; the area was part of three different military land grants issued in 1773, throughout the early and mid-19th century the land passed through the hands of several speculators, meanwhile much of it was used as farmland. Some of the land south of Broadway was still in its natural state during this time, such as the 50-acre tract between Broadway and Breckenridge, known as Jacob's Woods, a popular picnic ground as late as 1845.
A major attraction was Oakland Race Track, near today's Seventh and Ormsby, built in 1839 and an early forerunner to Churchill Downs. Country estates had been built in the area as early as the 1830s, some of Louisville's great early mansions, predominantly in the Italianate style, were built along Broadway near Old Louisville, before the Civil War. Development from 1850 to 1870 occurred between Broadway and Kentucky Street, the northern extreme of what came to be called Old Louisville. North-south city streets were extended throughout the area in the 1850s, a mulecar line was extended down Fourth to Oak in 1865; the land south of Broadway that became Old Louisville was annexed by the city in 1868, as a part of larger expansion efforts. This annexation moved the southern boundary of the city as far south as the city's House of Refuge, an area, now the University of Louisville campus and the southern border of Old Louisville. A year architect Gideon Shryock called the area "a growing and beautiful suburban locality".
By 1876 about a quarter of the area was occupied. Development continued as lots were sold southward to present day Oak Street, about a third of the way between Broadway and the House of Refuge; the principal road through the suburb at this time was Central Plank Road, which became Third Street. The emerging area was called the Southern Extension by this time. Growth south of Oak was slow until the Southern Exposition was held annually in the area from 1883 to 1887. At the urging of Courier-Journal editor Henry Watterson, the city held the Southern Exposition, which in the words of Watterson, was meant to "advance the material welfare of the producing classes of the South and West." It was held on 45 acres at the heart of Old Louisville, where St. James Court and Central Park would be located, included a 600 by 900-foot enclosed exhibition building; the Exposition was opened by President Chester Arthur and attracted nearly one million visitors in its first year. The exhibition featured the first public display of Thomas Edison's light bulb, as well as what was billed as the largest artificial lighting display in history with 4,600 lamps, in a time when electric lighting was considered a novelty.
During the 1880s, after the exposition ended, the area between Oak and Hill Streets developed and became one of the city's most fashionable neighborhoods. According to historian Young E. Allison, 260 homes valued at a total of $1.6 million were constructed in Old Louisville from 1883 to 1886. The dominant styles by this time were Richardsonian Romanesque. An example of the latter, known for its turrets and bay windows, was the Conrad house at St. James Court; these styles became less prevalent in the 1890s as the remaining southern portions of Old Louisville, between Ormsby and the House of refuge, were filled in, predominantly with buildings in the Chateauesque and Renaissance Revival styles. This included one of Old Louisville's most famous sections, St. James Court, developed starting in 1890 and envisioned as a haven for the upper class, was occupied by 1905. Described as "the epitome of Victorian eclecticism", the area included houses in such styles as Venetian, Colonial and others. From 1890 to 1905 the area was home to the Amphitheatre Auditorium, which claimed the second largest stage in the United States and showcased many of the day's best actors.
The structure, located at the corner of 4th and Hill Streets, was razed after its owner, William Norton, Jr. died. Another form of entertainment in the area was baseball, with the game first being played by 1860 and an e
Louisville International Airport
Louisville International Airport is a public and military use public airport in Louisville in Jefferson County, Kentucky. The airport has three runways, its IATA airport code, SDF, is based on Standiford Field. It has no regularly-scheduled international passenger flights, but it is a port of entry, as it handles numerous international cargo flights. Over 3.8 million passengers and over 5.7 billion pounds of cargo passed through the airport in 2018. It is the third-busiest in the United States in terms of cargo traffic, seventh-busiest for such in the world; the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a "primary commercial service" airport since it has over 10,000 passenger boardings per year. As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 1,684,738 enplanements in 2017, an increase of 3.26% from 1,631,494 in 2016. The airport is home to Worldport, the worldwide hub of UPS; the Kentucky Air National Guard's 123d Airlift Wing operates C-130 transport aircraft from the co-located Louisville Air National Guard Base.
On January 16, 2019 the Regional Airport Authority voted to change the name of the airport to Louisville Muhammad Ali International Airport in honor of the Louisville native. It will take a few months to finalize the change, since the FAA has to approve the change before it becomes official. Standiford Field was built by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1941 on a parcel of land south of Louisville, found not to have flooded during the Ohio River flood of 1937, it was named for Dr. Elisha David Standiford, a local businessman and politician, active in transportation issues and owned part of the land; the field remained under Army control until 1947, when it was turned over to the Louisville Air Board for commercial operations. Until around 1947 Bowman Field was Louisville's main airport. For many years passenger traffic went through the small brick Lee Terminal at Standiford Field. Today's more modern and much larger facilities were built in the 1980s. Most of the Lee Terminal was torn down; the April 1957 Official Airline Guide shows 45 weekday departures on Eastern Airlines, 19 American, 9 TWA, 4 Piedmont and 2 Ozark.
Scheduled jet flights began in January–February 1962. Parallel runways, needed for expanded UPS operations, were part of an airport expansion begun in the 1980s; when Louisville International Airport was built by the U. S. Army Corp of Engineers in 1941, it was called Standiford Field; the airfield opened to the public in 1947 and all commercial service from Bowman Field moved to Standiford Field. American, TWA were the first airlines and had 1,300 passengers a week; the airlines used World War II barracks on the east side of the field until May 25, 1950, when a proper terminal opened. Lee Terminal could handle 150,000 passengers annually and included 6 new gates, which increased terminal space to 114,420 square feet; the three runways were all 5000 ft. In 1970 the terminal again expanded; the 1980s brought plans for the Louisville Airport Improvement plan. Construction of a new landside terminal designed by Bickel-Gibson Associated Architects Inc. began, costing $35 million with capacity for nearly 2 million passengers in 1985.
Most of the improvements began construction in the 1990s and the airport was renewed. During the 1990s Southwest Airlines passenger boardings increased 97.3 percent. In 1995 the airport's name was changed from Standiford Field to Louisville International Airport. Around that time SDF got two new parallel runways: runway 17L/35R, 8,578 feet long and runway 17R/35L, 11,887 feet; the Kentucky Air National Guard moved its base to SDF with 8 military aircraft. A new FBO was run by Atlantic Aviation and managed by Michael Perry. In 2005 a $26 million terminal renovation designed by Gensler Inc. was completed. Yearly passenger enplanements are about 1.7 million and are forecast to increase in the next 5 years. Louisville International is served by several airlines including Allegiant, Delta, United, FedEx, UPS. On January 16, 2019, the Louisville Regional Airport Authority voted to rename the airport Louisville Muhammad Ali International Airport, after boxing legend Muhammad Ali, a Louisville native. Louisville airport added more than ten nonstop destinations.
Louisville now has 33 nonstop services. In the future, the focus will be on growing more nonstop destinations and investing in something called SDF Next; that project will invest more than $100 million in terminal construction and enhancements. It will include upgrades to the elevators and security checkpoints, it will make big changes to parking and rental car services. And Mann said it will add Federal Inspection Services in the next four years to allow international flights Mexico. Louisville International-Standiford Field covers 1,200 acres at an elevation of 501 feet, it has three concrete runways: 17R/35L is 11,887 by 150 feet. Runway 17R and 17L will be lengthened to 13,000 feet and 10,500 feet within the next 2–3 years as an extra margin of safety for the new generation of cargo and passenger super-jets. In the year ending May 31, 2018, the airport had 167,470 aircra
A plank road is a road composed of wooden planks or puncheon logs. Plank roads were found in the Canadian province of Ontario as well as the Northeast and Midwest of the United States in the first half of the 19th century, they were built by turnpike companies. In the late 1840s plank roads led to subsequent bust; the first plank road in the US was built in North Syracuse, New York, to transport salt and other goods. The plank road boom, like many other early technologies, promised to transform the way people lived and worked and led to permissive changes in legislation seeking to spur development, speculative investment by private individuals, etc; the technology failed to live up to its promise, millions of dollars in investments evaporated overnight. Three plank roads, the Hackensack, the Paterson, the Newark, were major arteries in northern New Jersey; the roads travelled over the New Jersey Meadowlands, connecting the cities for which they were named to the Hudson River waterfront. On the U.
S. West Coast the Canyon Road of Portland, Oregon was another important but short artery and was built between 1851 and 1856. Kingston Road and Danforth Avenue, in Toronto, were plank roads built by the Don and Danforth Plank Road Company in the late 18th and the early 19th centuries. Highway from Toronto eastwards was a plank road in the 19th century, paved. In Perth, Western Australia, plank roads were important in the early growth of the agricultural and outer urban areas because of the distances imposed by swamps and the relatively-infertile soil; as it cost £2,000/km to construct roads by conventional means, the local councils, known as road boards, were experimenting with cheaper approaches to road building. A method called Jandakot Corduroy had been developed at Jandakot south-east of Perth: a jarrah tramway lay upon 2.3-metre-long sleepers, bounded by two 70-centimetre-wide strips of jarrah planks for cart and carriage wheels. The 90-centimetre gap was filled with limestone rubble to be used by horses.
That reduced the cost of road building by up to 85% after its widespread introduction in 1908. However, increased traffic and suburban development rendered the routes unsatisfactory over time, by the 1950s, they had been replaced with bitumen surfaced roads. Board track racing Boardwalk Corduroy road Duckboards Gallery road Historic roads and trails Marston Mat - a 20th-century equivalent for airport runways Old Plank Road Trail Sweet Track and Post Track Toll Road The short film Military Roads is available for free download at the Internet Archive The Plank Road Craze - Background Reading Puncheon & corduroy roads Longfellow, Rickie. "Back in Time: Plank Roads". Highway History, Federal Highway Administration
Jefferson Memorial Forest
The Jefferson Memorial Forest is a forest located in southwest Louisville, Kentucky, in the Knobs region of Kentucky. At 6,500 acres, it is the largest municipal urban forest in the United States; the forest was established as a tribute to Kentucky's veterans, was designated as a National Audubon Society wildlife refuge. The forest offers over 35 miles of various hiking trails, including several which offer views of downtown Louisville. Several discrete usage areas are featured, including the Tom Wallace Recreation Area, with the 7-acre Tom Wallace Lake. Camping and fishing are both permitted. Tom Wallace Lake is stocked with trout and catfish once a year. Tom Wallace Recreation Area features various handicapped-accessible facilities, including a fishing dock and a 1,560-foot -long natural trail, the Tuliptree Trail; the Horine Conference Center is a popular field trip destination for Louisville schools. The forest property is operated as parkland by Louisville Metro Government. A hiking trail, the Siltstone Trail, traverses much of the forest from east to west.
There are several local hiking trails, in addition. Horine features many hiking trails and both the Paul Yost and Tom Wallace Recreation Areas have horse trails. No mountain biking is permitted in the forest at this time, but the low traffic roads and hilly terrain afford road cyclists many challenging routes through the forest and surrounding areas. In 1946, Jefferson County, undertook to establish a working forest preserve in the southern part of the county; the Jefferson County Memorial Forest was envisioned to be 10,000 acres and was named as a memorial to the area's dead of World War II. Since the forest has been redesignated to remember all who served in the armed forces; the original purchases were guided by Paul Yost, appointed as the county forester. Through 1954, some 1,300 acres were purchased. No further properties were purchased until a single tract was acquired in 1965; the next acquisition was not until 1979, from until the mid-1980s, the forest was expanded to about 5,000 acres.
Since acquisition has proceeded again slowly. In the late 1990s, the old ranger station, a former country schoolhouse, was renovated as a visitor and welcome center. On May 30, 2004 parts of the park were ravaged by a tornado, which caused several trails to be temporarily closed. There are some fifty types of trees, including ten species of oaks, a rich flora of wildflowers and seventeen species of ferns and fern allies. A wide variety of animals can be seen, including bobcats, red foxes, white-tailed deer, great blue herons and horned owls. Like many other natural areas in the eastern United States, the forest has a significant problem with invasive exotics, including tree-of-heaven, autumn olive, Amur honeysuckle, Japanese honeysuckle, princess tree; the forest is located in the Knobs region of Kentucky known as the Muldraugh Escarpment. This is a belt of rugged hills lying between the Pennyrile regions; the underlying geology of these hills is siltstone and shale, with the siltstone creating steep hillsides.
The most important of these in the forest area is the Holtzclaw Siltstone, named after Holsclaw Hill. The Parklands of Floyds Fork List of parks in the Louisville metropolitan area List of attractions and events in the Louisville metropolitan area City of Parks Valley of the Drums, a toxic waste dump near Jefferson Memorial Forest Jefferson Memorial Forest website The Parklands of Floyds Fork website 21st Century Parks website Louisville Olmsted Parks Conservancy website
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government