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Geography of Macau

Macau is a Special Administrative Region on the southern coast of China. It is located at the south of Guangdong Province, on the tip of the peninsula formed by the Zhujiang estuary on the east and the Xijiang on the west. Macau is situated 60 km west of Hong Kong, 145 km southwest of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, it is situated east and south of Zhuhai. The region comprises the islands of Taipa and Coloane. Macau was once an island but a connecting sandbar turned into a narrow isthmus. Land reclamation in the 17th century made Macau into a peninsula, a barrier gate was built to mark the separation between the peninsula and the mainland. Pre-colonial records show that Macau totalled only 2.78 km2 but began to increase as a result of Portuguese settlement. Land growth has accelerated since the last quarter of the 20th century, from 15 km2 in 1972 to 16.1 km2 in 1983 to 21.3 km2 in 1994. Macau's size has increased as result of continued land reclamation on Taipa and Coloane. In 2014, the total land area was 30.3 km2.

There is a 0.34 km long border between Macau and mainland China and a forty-kilometer-long coastline. The main border crossing between Macau and China is the Portas do Cerco Frontier Checkpoint on the Macau side, the Gongbei checkpoint on the Chinese side. Geographic coordinates: 22°10′N 113°33′E Total: 115.4 km² Land: 30.4 km² Water: 85 km² Total: 0.34 km Border city: Zhuhai, Guangdong Province 0.34 km Coastline: 50.63 km Maritime claims: not specified Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China Terrain: flat Elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m highest point: Coloane Alto 172 m Macau has flat terrain resulting from extensive land reclamation, but numerous steep hills mark the original natural land mass. The modern high-rise skyline of Macau obscures much of the hilly landscape; the Macau skyline both obscures its topography. The Macau Peninsula varies in terrain. Although Macau is located in the tropics, it has a humid subtropical climate, because the Siberian pressure system in the winter pushes cool air further south than similar semipermanent permanent high pressure systems.

Its average year-round temperature is 22.7 °C. Summers are hot and humid: the July average temperature is 28.9 °C and the highest daytime temperature could reach 35 °C. However, the heat is less intense than many places in mainland China due to the coastal location. Winters are short and mild: the January average is 15.0 °C and the lowest temperature could drop to 5 °C, but rarely any lower. There is about 2,120 millimetres of rainfall annually, with drier winters. Macau is exposed to tropical storms originating from the southern Pacific Ocean during the summer. Major destruction occurred in September 1874, when a devastating typhoon hit Macau and high seas swept across the low-lying area of the peninsula. There are always a few tropical storm occurrences in Macau each year, although they vary in strengths; when they occur, they bring strong winds and lower temperatures. Prevailing winds and weather types change follow the monsoon pattern, it is warm and moist when the southeast and southwest winds coming from Pacific Ocean, typhoons are common during summertime.

During the transition period from northeast monsoon to southwest monsoon, the weather is moist and foggy. It is Macau's spring season. Summer is from May to September, when the southwest monsoon prevailing, it is rather rainy. The weather in autumn is sunny and warm, when the southwest monsoon withdrawing and the northeast monsoon advancing south, it is regarded as the most comfortable season there. Winter is from November to February next year, it is dry, with occasional cold fronts arriving. There are moderate to high levels of humidity year-round, with an annual average of 79.3%. Annual sunshine totals are moderate, at more than 1800 hours. Negligible. In the past, large amounts of granite were extracted from Macau's hills for use as building material. Relying on the water supply of Xijiang River, Macau is at present suffering its worst crisis of salinity in freshwater during dry season in 2006 which takes place in late winter and early spring time; the salinity level of freshwater has aggrandised far above the standard set up by the World Health Organization or WHO.

By the end of 2007, Macau will be able to solve the problem of tap-water supply with high level of salinity after the completion of the Ping Gang project. This project is aimed at shifting the intake of raw-water on the Xijiang River 20 km upstream in order to give a wide berth to the salt tide in the province of Guangdong; until early 20th century, the Macau peninsula was dotted with small farms on its northern area, beyond the walls protecting the city. In the Macau peninsula, no arable land, natural pastures or woodland exists and forests have been cleared and plant species have been subjected to profound changes. Coloane on the other hand, due to its colonisation, still has its forests and is dotted with small farms, namely around the Coloane, Hac Sa and Ka Ho villages. Arable land: 0% permanent crops: 0% other: 100% In 2010 plans were announced for an additional 3

The Voice (American TV series)

The Voice is an American singing competition television series broadcast on NBC. It premiered during the spring television cycle on April 26, 2011, expanded into the fall cycle with the premiere of the third season on September 10, 2012. Based on the original The Voice of Holland, part of The Voice franchise it has aired seventeen seasons and aims to find unsigned singing talent contested by aspiring singers, age 13 or over, drawn from public auditions; the winner is determined by television viewers voting by telephone, internet, SMS text, iTunes Store purchases of the audio-recorded artists' vocal performances. They receive a record deal with Universal Music Group for winning the competition; the winners of the seventeen seasons have been: Javier Colon, Jermaine Paul, Cassadee Pope, Danielle Bradbery, Tessanne Chin, Josh Kaufman, Craig Wayne Boyd, Sawyer Fredericks, Jordan Smith, Alisan Porter, Sundance Head, Chris Blue, Chloe Kohanski, Brynn Cartelli, Chevel Shepherd, Maelyn Jarmon, Jake Hoot.

The series employs a panel of four coaches who critique the artists' performances and guide their teams of selected artists through the remainder of the season. They compete to ensure that their act wins the competition, thus making them the winning coach; the original panel featured Christina Aguilera, CeeLo Green, Adam Levine, Blake Shelton. Other coaches from previous seasons include Shakira, Gwen Stefani, Pharrell Williams, Miley Cyrus, Alicia Keys, Jennifer Hudson. In the fifteenth season, Kelsea Ballerini was featured as an off-screen fifth coach for "Comeback Stage" contestants. Bebe Rexha took over as the "Comeback Stage" coach for the sixteenth season. In October 2019, it was announced. An adaptation of the Dutch show The Voice of Holland, NBC announced the show under the name The Voice of America in December 2010. In each season, the winner receives $100,000 and a record deal with Universal Republic Records or Universal Music Group; each season begins with the "Blind Auditions," where coaches form their team of artists whom they mentor through the remainder of the season.

The coaches' chairs are faced towards the audience during artists' performances. At the conclusion of the performance, an artist either defaults to the only coach who turned around, or selects his or her coach if more than one coach expresses interest. In the 14th season, a new twist called "Block" is featured, which allows one coach to block another coach from getting a contestant. In the "Battle Rounds," each coach pairs two of his or her team members to perform together chooses one to advance in the competition. In each season, coaches are assisted by celebrity advisors. In the first season, coaches sit alongside their respective advisors in the battle stage. However, starting with the second season, the advisors no longer join the coaches in the battle stage. A new element was added in season three; the Knockout Rounds were introduced in season three. A pair of artists within a team are selected to sing individual performances in succession, they are not told until a few minutes prior to their performances.

The artists get to choose their own songs in this round, although they continue to get help and advice from their respective coaches. At the conclusion of the performances, coaches would decide which one of each pair gets to advance to the next round. Just like in the battle rounds, the coaches can steal one eliminated artist from another coach starting with season five. Starting in the season 14, coaches can save one eliminated artist from his own team; the "Battles, Round 2" were introduced to replace the Knockout Rounds in season six. Similar to the Knockout Rounds, each singer is paired randomly within their team. One celebrity key adviser assists all four of the coaches and their teams in preparation of these rounds. Coaches give each Battle pairing a list of songs and each pair must agree on which song to sing; each coach can still decide. The coaches are allowed one steal. However, the Knockouts were brought back in season seven. In the sixteenth season, the knockouts were replaced by The Live Cross Battles.

Each coach selects an artist to perform with another coach's artist together. The artist that receives the public vote will move on to the Playoffs, while the losing artist gets eliminated or receives a chance to be in the comeback stage; this ended in season seventeen. In the final live performance phase of the competition, artists perform in weekly shows, where public voting narrows to a final group of artists and declares a winner; the coaches have the power to save one artist. As of season two, these artists would give a last chance performance to win their coach's save. However, in deciding who moves on to the final four phase, the television audience and the coaches have equal say. With one team member remaining for each coach, the c

2001–02 Ukrainian Hockey Championship

The 2001–02 Ukrainian Hockey League season was the ninth season of the Ukrainian Hockey League, the top level of ice hockey in Ukraine. 13 teams participated in the league, HC Berkut won the championship. Semifinals Barvinok Kharkiv 18 - HK Dnipro Kherson 0 Druzhba-78 Kharkiv 3 - Khimik Severdonetsk 1Final Barvinok Kharkiv 2 - Druzhba-78 Kharkiv 03rd place Khimik Severdonetsk 9 - HK Dnipro Kherson 2 Politechnik Kiev - HK ATEK Kiev 0:2 HC Donbass - Barvinok Kharkiv 2:0 HC Berkut 2 - HK ATEK Kiev 0 HC Sokil Kyiv 5 - HK Donbass Donetsk 0 HC Berkut 2 - HC Sokil Kyiv 1 HK Donbass Donetsk 2 - HK ATEK Kiev 0 Ukrainian Ice Hockey Federation

Internet censorship in Cuba

Internet in Cuba is limited due to the United States embargo against Cuba. The United States refuses to allow an undersea cable to pass 100 miles from Cuba to Florida. Instead, Cuba's Internet connection is via the 6,000 mile ALBA-1 cable to Venezuela, which has had technical problems limiting its speed; the Cuban government directly prevents access to certain websites. While preventing access to certain websites is present, it is not extensive. Limited access to the Internet through limited internet infrastructure and high cost to access foreign websites is the main problem with Internet access in Cuba. Cuba is listed as "not free" in the Freedom on the Net 2018 report from Freedom House, with an overall score of 79 out of 100 where 100 is the least free; this is the fifth highest score out of the 65 countries ranked, below China, Iran and Ethiopia. Cuba has been listed as "not free" each year since the reports started in 2009. Cuba has been listed as an "Internet Enemy" by Reporters Without Borders since the list was created in 2006.

The level of Internet filtering in Cuba is not categorized by the OpenNet Initiative due to a lack of data. Reports have shown that the Cuban government uses Avila Link software to monitor citizens use of the Internet. By routing connections through a proxy server, the government is able to obtain citizens' usernames and passwords. Cuban ambassador Miguel Ramirez has argued that Cuba has the right to "regulate access to Internet and avoid hackers, stealing passwords, access to pornographic, satanic cults, terrorist or other negative sites". Reporters Without Borders suspects that Cuba obtained some of its internet surveillance technology from China, which has supplied other countries such as Zimbabwe and Belarus. Cuba does not enforce the same level of internet keyword censorship as China. All material intended for publication on the Internet must first be approved by the National Registry of Serial Publications. Service providers may not grant access to individuals not approved by the government.

One report found that many foreign news outlet websites are not blocked in Cuba, but the slow connections and outdated technology in Cuba makes it impossible for citizens to load these websites. Because of limited bandwidth, authorities give preference to developing internet infrastructure in locations where the Internet can be accessed on a collective basis, such as in work places and research centers, where many people have access to the same computers or network. Despite these limitations, Internet access is seen as essential for Cuba’s economic development. 4.5 million people or about 39% of the population had access to Internet in 2018, up from 1.6 million in 2008. There were 1.2 million computers available on the island in 2018, up from 630,000 in 2008. In recent times, censorship of the Internet has relaxed. For example, in 2007, it became possible for members of the public to buy a computer. Digital media is starting to play a more important role, bringing news of events in Cuba to the rest of the world.

In spite of restrictions, Cubans connect to the Internet at embassies, Internet cafés, through friends at universities and work. As telecommunication infrastructure develops, cellphone availability is increasing. Starting on 4 June 2013 Cubans could sign up with Etecsa, the state telecom company, for public Internet access at 118 centers across the country. Juventud Rebelde, an official newspaper, said new areas of the Internet would become available. Despite increasing access the government still has a history of limiting access to the internet. Alan Phillip Gross, under employment with a contractor for the U. S. Agency for International Development, was arrested in Cuba on 3 December 2009 and was convicted on 12 March 2011 for covertly distributing laptops and cellular phones on the island, released in 2014; the rise of digital media in Cuba has led the government to be worried about these tools. S. diplomatic cables published by WikiLeaks in December 2010 revealed that US diplomats believed that the Cuban government is more afraid of bloggers than of "traditional" dissidents.

The government has increased its own presence on blogging platforms with the number of "pro-government" blogging platforms on the rise since 2009. Access to the internet in Cuba is controlled by the Empresa de Telecommunicaciones de Cuba S. A. a state-owned monopoly. Access to the internet is granted through temporary or permanent accounts which last 30 days and 360 days, respectively. Temporary accounts are used by foreign tourists, while permanent accounts are used by Cuban citizens. Although an estimated 32.5% of the population had access to the internet as of 2017 the vast majority of those people only have access to the intranet, offered by the government. The intranet includes access to an email service that can be used with the country and cultural materials that are provided by government institutions, state sponsored media links, some foreign websites that demonstrate support for the Cuban government; the most popular sites that are offered through the intranet service include EcuRed, a Wikipedia like service, offered in Spanish that attempts to "create and disseminate knowledge from a decolonizing point of view".

The percentage of the population that has access to the global internet is far smaller at only 5% of the population in 2014. Cuba does not have the infrastructure and individuals have insufficient incomes to make home Wi-Fi broadly available, forthy most Cubans access Wi-Fi through public means including the "ParkNets" and the Joven Club; the ParkNets are public Wi-Fi hotspots located in parks where the vast majority of Cubans go to visit there Wi-Fi. There are 421 public Wi-Fi hotspot

Komen Brinker Award for Scientific Distinction

The Komen Brinker Award for Scientific Distinction was established by Susan G. Komen for the Cure in 1992 to recognize leading scientists for their significant work in advancing research concepts or clinical application in the fields of breast cancer research, screening or treatment; the intent of the award is to recognize scholars for a specific contribution, a consistent pattern of contributions, or leadership in the field that has had a substantial impact on the fight against breast cancer. The awardees are selected by a panel of their peers. Recipients are invited to present their work in a lecture at the annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. Brinker Award recipients each receive a $20,000 honorarium and a special citation of this distinction. Past recipients of the Komen Brinker Award for Scientific Distinction include V. Craig Jordan, a pioneer in the use of tamoxifen Bernard Fisher Arnold J. Levine Richard J. Santen Marc Lippman Malcolm C. Pike C. Kent Osborne Helene S. Smith Edison Liu Umberto Veronesi Gabriel Hortobagyi David M. Livingston Leland Hartwell, winner of the 2001 Nobel Prize for medicine or physiology, recognized for his achievements in the understanding the cell cycle in the development of cancer Henry T. Lynch Mary-Claire King, whose research isolated the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations associated with genetic forms of breast cancer Nancy E. Davidson Angela Brodie Dimitrios Trichopoulos Jay R. Harris Bert W. O'Malley Elwood V. Jensen Charles L. Loprinzi Mina J. Bissell Walter C. Willett Daniel Medina Larry Norton, M.

D. whose dose-density approach to the administration of chemotherapy has revolutionized breast cancer treatment Trevor J. Powles Anita Roberts, who co-discovered the TGF-beta molecule Evan Simpson George W. Sledge Jr. Leslie Bernstein Joe W. Gray Richard D. Gelber Aron Goldhirsch Patricia S. Steeg Benita S. Katzenellenbogan of the University of Illinois, for her work on the role of estrogen receptors in breast cancer Geoffrey Greene Ian Smith Jeffrey M. Rosen Soonmyung Paik Carlos L. Arteaga, whose research has helped in explaining the role of key growth factor receptors and proteins in breast cancer pathogenesis Armando E. Giuliano Yosef Yarden Hyman B. Muss Edith A. Perez Gordon B. Mills Mitchell Dowsett, Royal Marsden Hospital Joan Brugge, Harvard Medical School Myles Brown Martine J. Piccart Charles Perou Monica Morrow Alan Ashworth Dennis Slamon Lisa M. Coussens Eric Winer Matthew J. Ellis Jane Visvader Geoffrey Lindeman List of biomedical science awards List of award winners at the Susan G. Komen for the Cure website

2018 All-Ireland Under 20 Football Championship

The 2018 Inter-County Under 20 Football Championship was the 55th edition of the competition, the first since the competition was re-graded from Under 21 to Under 20. It was sponsored by Eirgrid, known as the EirGrid GAA Football U20 All-Ireland Championship for sponsorship purposes. 31 counties played in the tournament. The competition began with a preliminary round game in Ulster on 25 May 2018, ended with the final on 5 August 2018. Player eligibility Players under 20 years of age cannot play for a county's senior and under-20 championship teams; this rule was introduced to prevent player burnout and to allow the senior and under-20 championships to be scheduled in the same summer months with separate panels of players. If an under-20 player plays for a county's senior championship team, he is ineligible to play for their under-20 team; this rule results in some county under-20 county teams playing without their best under-20 footballers. For example, Sean O'Shea and David Clifford played for the Kerry senior championship team in 2018 and therefore were not allowed to play for the Kerry under-20 team which meant that the under-20 team was weakened.

Provincial Championships format Connacht, Leinster and Ulster each organise a provincial championship. Each province decides the format for their championship – the format can be straight knockout, double-elimination, a league, etc. or a combination. All-Ireland format The four provincial winners meet in two semi-finals, with the winners of those matches playing in the All-Ireland Under-20 Football Championship Final. Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 The Ulster championship is organised on a random draw. All matches; the winners receive the Danny Murphy Cup, commissioned in 2018 in honour of the former Ulster Chief Executive Officer and Secretary