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Geography of Missouri

Missouri, a state near the geographical center of the United States, has three distinct physiographic divisions: a north-western upland plain or prairie region part of the Interior Plains' Central Lowland known as the northern plains a lowland in the extreme southeast bootheel region of Missouri, part of the Atlantic Plain known as the Mississippi Alluvial Plain or the Mississippi embayment the Missouri portion of the Ozark Plateau which lies between the Mississippi Alluvial Plain and the Central lowland. The boundary between the northern plains and the Ozark region follows the Missouri River from its mouth at St. Louis to Columbia; this corresponds to the southernmost extent of glaciation during the Pre-Illinoian Stage which destroyed the remnant plateau to the north but left the ancient landforms to the south unaltered. The Ozark boundary runs southwestward from there towards Joplin at the southeast corner of Kansas; the boundary between the Ozark and lowland regions runs southwest from Cape Girardeau on the Mississippi River to the Arkansas border just southwest of Poplar Bluff.

Missouri borders eight other US States, more than any other state except Tennessee, which borders eight states. The Dissected Till Plains portion of the northern plains region lies in the portion of the state north of the Missouri River, while the Osage plains portion extends into the southwestern portion of the state bordering the Ozark Plateau, thus the northern plains covers an area more than a third of the state. This region is a rolling country, with a great abundance of streams, it is more hilly and broken in its western half than in its eastern half. The elevation in the extreme northwestern Missouri is about 1,200 ft. and in the extreme northeastern portion about 500 ft. while the rim of the region to the southeast, along the border of the Ozark region, has an elevation of about 900 ft. The valleys for the larger streams are about 250 to 300 ft deep and sometimes 8 to 20 miles wide with the country bordering them being the most broken of the region; the smaller streams have so eroded the whole face of the country that little of the original surface plain is to be seen.

The Mississippi River runs along the length of Missouri's eastern side and is skirted throughout by topographic relief of 400 to 600 ft. elevation. The Ozark region is a low dome, with local faulting and minor undulations, dominated by a ridge or, more a even belt of highland that runs from near the Mississippi river about Ste. Genevieve to McDonald County on the Arkansas border. High rocky bluffs rise precipitously on the Mississippi, sometimes to a height of 150 ft or so above the water, from the mouth of the Meramec River to Ste. Genevieve; these mark. Across the Mississippi River, this ridge is continued by the Shawnee Hills in Illinois; the elevations of the crests in Missouri vary from 1,100 to 1,700 ft. This second physiographic region comprises somewhat less than two-thirds of the area of the state; the Burlington escarpment of Mississippian rocks, which in places is as much as 250 to 300 ft in height, runs along the western edge of the Ordovician formations and divides the region into an eastern and a western area, known to physiographers as the Salem Plateau and the Springfield Plateau.

Headward erosion by the south flowing tributaries to the White River in northern Arkansas has created a southern escarpment to both the Springfield and Salem plateaus that runs from McDonald through Barry, Christian and Howell counties. To the south of this escarpment lies some of the more rugged and dissected parts of the Missouri Ozarks; the famed Shepherd of the Hills region near Branson lies within this rugged area. To the east of the West Plains plain lies the dissected valleys of the Eleven Point River and the Current River. Superficially, each is a simple rolling plateau, much broken by erosion in the east, dotted with hills; some of these are residual outliers of the eroded Mississippian limestones to the west, others are the summits of a Precambrian topography above and around which sedimentary formations were deposited and eroded. There is no arrangement in chains, but only scattered rounded peaks and short ridges, with winding valleys about them; the two highest points in the state are Taum Sauk Mountain at 1,772 ft in the St. Francois Mountains in Iron County and Lead Hill just east of the community of Cedar Gap at 1,744 ft in the southwestern corner of Wright County.

Few localities have an elevation exceeding 1,400 ft. Rather broad, smooth valleys, well degraded hills with rounded summits, despite the escarpments smooth contours and sky-lines, characterize the bulk of the Ozark region; the third region, the lowlands of the south-east and part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, has an area of some 3,000-square-mile. It is an undulating country, for the most part well drained, but swampy in its lowest portions; the Mississippi is skirted with lagoons and morasses from Ste. Genevieve to the Arkansas border, in places is confined by levees; these lowlands are the northernmost extent of the Mississippi embayment. The area is within the New Madrid Seismic Zone and includes the epicenter location of the 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes at New Madrid, Missouri; the drainage of the state is wholly into the Mississippi River, directly or indirectly, to a large extent into either that river or the Missouri River within the borders of the state. The latter stream, crossing the state and cut

History of Tennessee Volunteers football

The Tennessee Volunteers football team represents the University of Tennessee in American football. Tennessee's football program began in 1891, organized in large part by Henry Denlinger, a teacher who had played at Princeton; the team's first game, a loss to Sewanee, was played on November 21, 1891. The program's first win did not come until October 25, 1892, when they defeated Maryville College in Maryville, Tennessee, by a score of 25–0. Tennessee competed in their first 5 seasons without a coach. In October 1894, the Athletic Association had resolved to drop varsity football and look forward to baseball in the spring of 1895. After the humiliating 1893 season with two wins and four imposing defeats, only two athletes willing to admit they had played on the 1893 team returned to campus in 1894. To complicate matters further, the practice field, located just west of the main entrance to the Hill, was being graded and improved. Soon after the Athletic Association's decision, W. B. Stokely, a UT senior who transferred from Wake Forest University, persuaded a group of students to form a team in the fall of 1894.

Stokely, elected captain, gave encouragement and direction to the other players. Though the institution chose not to be represented on the gridiron in 1894, Stokely and his unofficial team kept football interest alive during this period when certainly it otherwise would have been allowed to lapse completely; these unofficial games, referred to as "The Lost Years", are not included in NCAA statistics or in official UT win-loss records. The 1896 team was the first "official team", posting the school's first winning record, joining the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association, the first Southern athletics conference. 1898 was UT's first time to not have an active football team, due to the Spanish–American War. Tennessee played on Waite Field during these days, on the southeast corner of 15th street and Cumberland avenue, where the Walters Life Science Building now stands. In 1899, J. A. Pierce became the first head coach of the team. Author Nash Buckingham was a prominent athlete in 1901 and 1902, two of Tennessee's strongest early elevens.

The 1902 team scored on rival Vanderbilt for the first time, featured halfback Tootsie Douglas, who booted a 109-yard punt in a blizzard, against John Heisman's Clemson Tigers. Fullback Sam Y. Parker of the 1904 and 1905 teams made Buckingham's All-Southern team in 1904, was murdered in 1906 for an alleged affair. Roscoe'Piggy' Ward was the school's only three-time captain; the 1908 team coached by George Levene was considered the best Tennessee football yet assembled, led by All-Southerns captain Walker Leach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee Nathan Dougherty. Its four SIAA wins was the most in school history. Vanderbilt coach Dan McGugin noted "All things considered, Leach was the best football player of the year in Dixie." The 1909 team won only a single game, Levene was fired. The 1910 team was coached by former Sewanee tackle Lex Stone; the team had several coaches with short tenures until Zora G. Clevenger took over in 1911; the 1912 squad was the first non-losing Volunteer team in four years, but they did not win a conference game.

In 1914, Clevenger led the Vols to a dominant 9–0 season and their first championship of any kind, winning the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association title. The team included All-Southerns end Goat Carroll, tackle Farmer Kelly, guard Mush Kerr and fullback Rus Lindsay. Tennessee beat rival Vanderbilt for the first time, passing for two touchdowns to Carroll in a 16–14 victory; the 1914 Vols were retroactively awarded a national championship by 1st-N-Goal, though this remains unrecognized. The Vols would again field an undefeated squad in 1916 under coach John R. Bender, but consistency was still elusive. A second, unblemished SIAA championship in three years was relegated to a tie with Georgia Tech when Kentucky held Tennessee to a scoreless tie in the final week of play. End Graham Vowell was a unanimous All-Southern selection. Chink Lowe made some All-Southern teams; the New York Herald ranked quarterback Buck Hatcher as the season's premier punter. Professor Dougherty suspended varsity football during the World War I years of 1917 and 1918 because the majority of the players were called into military service.

In addition, Coach Bender was enlisted as an instructor at Camp John Sevier in Greenville, South Carolina. During this period without varsity football, two unofficial teams were formed from Army recruits and students. One team represented a training unit called the Fighting Mechanics and the other represented the Student Army Training Corps. Vanderbilt beat the SATC 78–0 in 1918, counts the game as one against the Volunteers. Under new coach M. B. Banks, in 1920, 1921, 1922 the Vols lost to rival Vanderbilt and one other opponent. In 1921, Shields–Watkins Field, the core of modern Neyland Stadium, was built; the new home of the Vols was named after William S. Shields and his wife Alice Watkins Shields, the financial backers of the field; the field used bleachers that could seat 3,200, had been used for baseball the prior year. The inaugural game at Shields–Watkins field was played on September 24, 1921 and resulted in a 27–0 Tennessee victory over Emory and Henry College. Rufe Clayton scored the first touchdown in the new stadium.

After the loss to Vanderbilt, Tennessee had its first victory over the Mississippi A&M Aggies, a 14–7 win. Roe Campbell spearheaded the first touchdown drive. In 1922, the team began to wear orange jerseys for the first time after wearing black jerseys; the 1923 team lost to Vanderbilt 51–7, the worst loss to the Commodores since 1909. Estes Ke

Sears Wish Book

The Sears Wish Book was a popular Christmas-themed catalog released annually by the American department store chain Sears in August or September. The catalog contained other holiday-related merchandise; the first Sears Wish Book was published in 1934 and was a separate catalog from the annual Sears Christmas catalog. The Sears catalog offered customers around the US a chance to wear "city clothes" throughout its 97-year-history. In 1993, Sears discontinued publishing their big-book catalogs in the United States and the Wish Book noticeably started to diminish in size. By 2005, Sears had abandoned anything resembling the original Wish Book and was producing the 2.5-by-2.5-inch Little Big Wish Book The mini-catalog was given to customers at Sears Auto Centers, placed inside packages that were purchased on Sears.com and Landsend.com, was included inside the packaging of in-home deliveries. In 2007, Sears once again created a holiday gift catalog more reminiscent of its predecessor, however, it was still smaller than the original Wish Book at only about 100 pages.

This was a stark contrast to the 300-plus page catalog produced. According to the Associated Press at that time, the Sears Wish Book was considered as a holiday treat in itself by generations of children who were hoping for the best on Christmas morning. In the 2007 edition of the catalog, half of the total number of pages was devoted to Christmas toys and the remainder focused on other store items including appliances, tools and jewelry. In the 2010 edition, Sears Christmas Wish Book went mobile so customers would be able to access their catalog via smartphone devices. Sears Holdings the owner of Sears And Kmart announced that they would be bring back Sears Wish Book in 2017 both online and print editions This edition is only 120 pages and resembles the Wish Books from 2007. In Canada, Sears continues to distribute their big-book catalogues, including the Wish Book. In 2012, Sears Canada chief Calvin McDonald hand-delivered Christmas catalogs to mark the 60th Anniversary of the Sears Wish Book.

Sears Canada launched an iPad app for the 2013 Christmas Wish Book, ranked as the number one free iPad app in Canada in the Catalogue category. Sears Canada has received court approval to proceed with a full liquidation of its remaining stores, signalling the end of an era for a 65-year-old chain, once a staple at malls across the country. Liquidation started Oct. 19 2017, will continue for 10 to 14 weeks, stretching closing sales across the busy holiday shopping period. Wishbook Web - online scans of pages from several past Wish Books and other Christmas catalogs 1982 Sears Christmas Catalog - online scans of pages from 1982 Wish Book Sears Canada launches its app with Christmas Wish book Online version of Sears Wish Book Christmas Catalogs and Holiday Wishbooks - Over 100 Christmas Catalogs and Holiday Wishbooks from Sears, JCPenney, Montgomery Ward