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Geography of New Caledonia

The geography of New Caledonia, an overseas collectivity of France located in the subregion of Melanesia, makes the continental island group unique in the southwest Pacific. Among other things, the island chain has played a role in preserving unique biological lineages from the Mesozoic, it served as a waystation in the expansion of the predecessors of the Polynesians, the Lapita culture. Under the Free French it was a vital naval base for Allied Forces during the War in the Pacific; the archipelago is located east of Australia, north of New Zealand, south of the Equator, just west of Fiji and Vanuatu. New Caledonia comprises a main island, Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, several smaller islands. Half the size of Taiwan, the group has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres. The islands have a coastline of 2,254 km. New Caledonia claims an exclusive fishing zone to a distance of 200 nmi or 370 km or 230 mi and a territorial sea of 12 nmi from shore. New Caledonia is one of the northernmost parts of an entirely submerged continent called Zealandia which rifted away from Antarctica between 130 and 85 million years ago, from Australia 85–60 mya.

New Caledonia itself drifted away from Australia 66 mya, subsequently drifted in a north-easterly direction, reaching its present position about 50 mya. Given its long stability and isolation, New Caledonia serves as a unique island refugium—a sort of biological'ark'—hosting a unique ecosystem and preserving Gondwanan plant and animal lineages no longer found elsewhere. New Caledonia is made up of a main island, the Grande Terre, several smaller islands, the Belep archipelago to the north of the Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands to the east of the Grande Terre, the to the south of the Grande Terre, the Chesterfield Islands and Bellona Reefs further to the west; each of these four island groups has a different geological origin: The New Caledonia archipelago, which includes Grande Terre and the Île des Pins was born as a series of folds of the earth's mantle between the Permian period and the Paleogene and Neogene periods. This mantle obduction created large areas of a bedrock rich in nickel.

The Loyalty Islands, a hundred kilometers to the east, are coral and limestone islands built on top of ancient collapsed volcanoes originating due to subduction at the Vanuatu trench. The Chesterfield Islands, 550 kilometres to the northwest, are reef outcroppings of the oceanic plateau; the Matthew and Hunter Islands, at 450 and 520 kilometres east are volcanic islands that form the southern end of the arc of the New Hebrides. The Grande Terre is by far the largest of the islands, the only mountainous island, it has an area of 16,372 square kilometres, is elongated northwest–southeast, 350 kilometres in length and 50 to 70 kilometres wide. A mountain range runs the length of the island, with five peaks over 1,500 meters; the highest point is Mont Panié at 1,628 meters elevation. The total area of New Caledonia is 18,575 km2 of those being land. A territorial dispute exists with regard to the uninhabited Matthew and Hunter Islands, which are claimed by both France and Vanuatu; the New Caledonian archipelago is a microcontinental island chain which originated as a fragment of Zealandia, a nearly submerged continent or microcontinent, part of the southern supercontinent of Gondwana during the time of the dinosaurs.

The Grande Terre group of New Caledonia, with Mont Panié at 1,628 meters as its highest point, is the most elevated part of the Norfolk Ridge, a long and underwater arm of the continent. While they were still one landmass and Australia combined broke away from Antarctica between 85 and 130 million years ago. Australia and Zealandia split apart 60–85 million years ago. Although biologists consider it contrary to the evidence of surviving Gondwanan lineages, geologists consider the logical possibility that Zealandia may have been submerged about 23 million years ago. While a continent like Australia consists of a large body of land surrounded by a fringe of continental shelf, Zealandia consists entirely of continental shelf, with the vast majority, some 93%, submerged beneath the Pacific Ocean; this viewpoint is not universal. Bernard Pelletier argues that Grande Terre was submerged for millions of years, hence the origin of the flora may not be local in nature, but due to long distance-dispersal.

Zealandia is 3,500,000 km2 in area, larger than Greenland or India, half the size of Australia. It is unusually slender, stretching from New Caledonia in the north to beyond New Zealand's subantarctic islands in the south. New Zealand is the greatest part of Zealandia above sea level, followed by New Caledonia. Given its continental origin as a fragment of Zealandia, unlike many of the islands of the Pacific such as the Hawaiian chain, New Caledonia is not of geographically recent volcanic provenance, its separation from Australia at the end of the Cretaceous and from New Zealand in the mid-Miocene has led to a long period of evolution in near complete isolation. New Caledonia’s natural heritage significantly


Baanaadi is a 2014 Indian Kannada language children's film written and directed by debutant Nagaraj Kote, based on the novel Usiru he wrote. It stars H. G. Dattatreya and Rajesh Nataranga in the lead roles; the supporting cast features Dhruthi, Sringeri Ramanna, Jayashree Raj, Venkatachala, T. S. Nagabharana, Mimicry Gopi and Yashwanth Kote. Music for five of the six soundtracks in the film were composed by Karthik Sharma, with the film became the youngest composer in the history of Kannada cinema. Usiru, a novel written by Nagaraj Kote in the 1990s, deals with the upbringing of children in the current era. Deciding to direct a film based on the novel, Kote launched the film in April 2014, having signed Praful Vishwakarma, Rajesh Nataranga and H. G. Dattatreya to play characters of three generations; the role of Praful's mother was played by Anubhava, pregnant during the filming stages. Filming completed in July 2014. Karthik Sharma composed the background score for the film and music for five soundtracks in the film.

The lyrics were written by M. N. Vyasa Rao; the track "Henda Hendthi" was taken from one of G. P. Rajarathnam's works, to which the music was composed by Raju Ananthaswamy. Another track "Yaaru Baruvaru" was taken from the works of Purandara Dasa, a Carnatic music composer who lived in the 16th century; the album consists of six soundtracks. It was released on 26 July 2014, in Bangalore. Upon theatrical release, the film received positive reviews from critics. B. S. Srivani of Deccan Herald felt that the film was successful in "conveying the message quite effectively", she concluded writing praises of the music in the film. G. S. Kumar of The Times of India reviewed the film and wrote, "Director Nagaraja Kote has chosen a topic with a social message and made best use of Hagalu Vesha, their performance blends well with the story." He concluded giving special mention to the film's cinematography. Official website Nagaraj Kote Director website

Moon Girl (EC Comics)

Moon Girl is a fictional character published by EC Comics from 1947 to 1949. Moon Girl is a character from the Golden Age of Comic Books and has since slipped into the public domain. Like DC Comics' Wonder Woman, Moon Girl was the princess of an isolated tribe of warrior women, fought evil in her telepathically controlled flying moonship; the character was created by Bill Woolfolk and Sheldon Moldoff, first appeared in fall 1947's The Happy Houlihans #1. After that appearance, the character was spun off into her own comic, Moon Girl and the Prince; the original EC Moon Girl title went through a number of name changes as explained by Mark James Estren in his A History of Underground Comics: A trend toward crime and adventure comics was developing, E. C. was in the forefront—staying in the field of love comics and Western stories as well. But the special E. C. style was emerging fast. It was a style that never took itself seriously. Romance. Moon Girl and the Prince lasted a single issue, ran as Moon Girl for issues #2–6.

It became Moon Girl Fights Crime! for two issues, before concluding its run as A Moon, a Girl... Romance with issues #9–12. Moon Girl appears only in no subsequent issue; the series continued as Weird Fantasy beginning with issue #13. The Moon Girl story is one of two credited with starting the trend in horror comics at EC. In 2010, Moon Girl was rebooted as a comiXology title by Johnny Zito and Rahzzah; this new story was published in printed form as a five-part comic book series by Red 5 Comics starting in May 2011 and features Claire Lune as a foreign princess living in the United States, with her powers granted by a moon rock. Moon Girl at the Comic Book DB Moon Girl at the International Catalogue of Superheroes Moon Girl at Comic Vine

Valerie Miner

Valerie Miner is an American novelist and professor. A dual US/UK citizen, she lives in Mendocino, California with her partner. Miner is the award-winning author of fifteen books. Bread and Salt is her fourth collection of stories, her latest novel is Traveling with Spirits. Other novels include After Eden, Range of Light, A Walking Fire, Winter's Edge, Blood Sisters, All Good Women, Movement: A Novel in Stories and Murder in the English Department, her short fiction books include The Night Singers and Trespassing. Her collection of essays is Rumors from the Cauldron: Selected Essays and Reportage. In 2002, The Low Road: A Scottish Family Memoir was a Finalist for the PEN USA Creative Non-Fiction Award, her short fiction collections and Abundant Light were each Finalists for the Lambda Literary Awards. Miner's work has appeared in The Georgia Review, Salmagundi, New Letters, The Village Voice, Prairie Schooner, The Gettysburg Review, The T. L. S; the Women's Review of The Nation and other journals.

Her stories and essays are published in more than sixty anthologies.. A number of her pieces have been dramatized on BBC Radio 4, her work has been translated into German, Danish, Spanish, French and Dutch. In addition to single-authored projects, she has collaborated on books, museum exhibits as well as theatre, she has won fellowships and awards from The Rockefeller Foundation, Fondazione Bogliasco, The McKnight Foundation, The NEA, The Jerome Foundation, The Heinz Foundation, The Australia Council Literary Arts Board and numerous other sources. She has received Fulbright Fellowships to Tunisia and Indonesia. Winner of a Distinguished Teaching Award, she has taught for over twenty-five years and is now a professor and artist in residence at Stanford University, she travels internationally giving readings and workshops. She and her partner live in Mendocino County, California, her website is Bread and Salt: Short Stories, Whitepoint Press, 2020 Traveling with Spirits. Livingston: Livingston Press, Aug/Sept.

2013. 304 pages. After Eden. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, Spring, 2007. 248 pages. Abundant Light. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2004. 191 pages. The Night Singers. Nottingham: Five Leaves Press, 2004. 200 pages. The Low Road. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2001. 259 pages. Paperback published 2002. Range of Light. Cambridge: Zoland Press, 1998. 227 pages. Re-issued New York: Open Road Media, 2014. A Walking Fire. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994. 254 pages. Rumors from the Cauldron: Selected Essays and Reportage. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992. 281 pages. Re-issued New York: Open *Road Media, 2014. Trespassing and Other Stories. London: Methuen. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2003. 239 pages. All Good Women. London: Methuen. 464 pages. Re-issued New York: Open Road Media, 2014. Winter's Edge. London: Methuen, 1984. 184 pages. ---. An der Schwelle zum Winter. Munich: Droemersche Verlagsantalt, 1988. Murder in the English Department. London: Women's Press, 1982.

169 pages. Re-issued New York: Open Road Media, 2014. Movement, A Novel in Stories. New York: Crossing Press, 1982. 193 pages. Re-issued New York: Open Road Media, 2014. Blood Sisters. London: Women's Press, 1981. 206 pages. ---. Kankardesim, Askim. Istanbul: Gendas A. S. 1998. ---. Blodsostre. Copenhagen: Hekla, 1984. Fulbright Senior Specialist Award 2009 Fellowship, Ucross Foundation, May, 2009 “Honored Author,” Berkeley Public Library Banquet, 9 February, 2009 McKnight Artist Fellowship, 2005–2006 Fulbright Senior Specialist Award, 2004 Finalist, Lambda Literary Award in Lesbian Fiction, 2005 Hugh J. Luke Award for Fiction, for "Percussion," published in Prairie Schooner, Fall, 2003 McGinnis-Ritchie Award for Fiction, "Veranda," Best Fiction in The Southwest Review, 2002 McKnight Summer Fellow, 2002 Finalist for PEN USA Creative Non-Fiction Award for The Low Road, 2002 Fulbright Scholar Award in India University College Distinguished Teaching Award, University of Minnesota, 1999 McKnight Arts and Humanities Summer Fellowship, Summer, 1998 Fulbright Teaching Fellowship to Cairo Visiting Research Associate, University of Edinburgh, International Social Sciences Institute and May, 1997 "Master Artist," Atlantic Center for the Arts, March, 1997 Jerome Foundation Travel Fellowship, 1995–1997 Bush Foundation Sabbatical Supplement Award, 1996–1997 N.

E. A Mobile Residency, Spring, 1996 McKnight Research Fellowship, 1994–1997 Rockefeller Foundation Residency at Bellagio Study Center, July–August 1994 Common Rhythms Fellow, Lila

Shooting at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Men's 50 metre pistol

The men's 50 metre pistol was a shooting sports event held as part of the Shooting at the 1936 Summer Olympics programme. It was the sixth appearance of the event; the competition was held on 7 August 1936 at the shooting ranges at Wannsee. 43 shooters from 19 nations competed. The previous ban on hairspring trigger is now lifted; these are Olympic records prior to the 1936 Summer Olympics. Starting order: On 6 August, the shooters from Argentina, Italy, Portugal, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, USA, Germany started. On the following day the shooters of all other countries competed; the competition started on both days at 8 a.m. Weather: On the first day it was dry with overcast sky; the wind influenced the competition at times during the morning. On the second day it was sunny in the morning and overcast in the afternoon. In general the weather was warmer and there was no wind. On the first day Erich Krempel set a new Olympic record, but on the second day Torsten Ullman set a new world record. 33 shooters finished with a better score than the standing Olympic record prior the Games.

If the scores were level, the place was established according to position of hits on target. Official Report Part II Wudarski, Pawel. "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich". Retrieved 14 December 2007

Technopolis Gusev

Technopolis GS is a project to create a modern electronics industrial park in the Kaliningrad region of Russia. In 2007, in Gusev, for the first time in Russia, was established a production of set-top boxes for receiving satellite and terrestrial television broadcasts. Several months the General Satellite Corporation started building a plant in Gusev to manufacture household electronics products; the agreement between the mayor of Gusev, Nikolay Tsukanov, the president of the General Satellite Corporation, Andrey Tkachenko, was signed in 2008, in order to create a modern industrial park in the city. The idea was approved by local authorities and was presented at the International Investment Forum "Sochi-2008"; the decision to locate the new production facilities in Gusev, according to Andrey Tkachenko, was made for two reasons. First, the experience of the first similar plant, working in Gusev as part of the special economic zone - the official residence of the Corporation - was successful. Second, the administration of the city took a great interest in cooperation for the creation of Technopolis and in a comprehensive solution to the problem of the territory development.

In 2009, two plants, JSC NPO Digital Television Systems and Prankor, Ltd. were run - their products have no analogues in Russia. The plants produce set-top boxes for receiving the satellite and terrestrial TV broadcasts, the production conveyor ensures a complete production cycle: starting with the motherboard and all the way up to the case and the satellite antennas as well. Most of these devices in the Russian market were imported from China. To create in Gusev a new effective pole for innovative development of Russia. Comprehensive economic development of Gusev, improving its social infrastructure, creating conditions for the development of innovative activity in the city and transformation of Gusev into a Technopolis toward 2013. Establishing in Gusev a radio-electronics industry cluster; the Project envisages the construction of 5 high-tech industries, 2 of which are running. Testing an innovative model of small cities development in Russia, which can be applied to revive other towns in the country, according to the Project results.

Total investments in the Project: 5 billion rubles. Until the February 2010, invested: 1,5 billion rubles. 400 hectares. Over 3000 jobs. 2009:— Opening the Plant for the household radio-electronics products' manufacture. 2010:— Opening a Factory for the production of corrugated cardboard and packaging. 2011:— Erection of the first stage of the cottage settlement in Gusev. 2012:— Inaugurating a microelectronics Factory. 2013:— Inaugurating a printed circuit board producing Plant. Household radio-electronics manufacturing Plant Television antennas and case manufacturing Plant Corrugated cardboard and packaging producing Factory House-Building Plant Microelectronics Plant. Design Bureau University Educational and Scientific Park Venture Fund for supporting and implementing research and development accomplished both within Technopolis and outside of it Business IncubatorIndustrial Park. Increase the level and quality of life for the city and district residents. Formation of a modern radio-electronics industry cluster that can be an engine of innovation development of the branch.

The market observers, in general, welcomed the General Satellite initiative and the investment prospects. "Industrial parks development, on one hand, is expensive, on the other – it is knowledge-intensive”, - Pavel Zhavoronkov, an analyst at the investment firm Sovlink, while making a comment on the General Satellite Corporation plans. - “Based on the payroll size, 1500 to 2400 million rubles will be spent till the year 2011. The average payroll should be 1.95 billion, which will "swallow" 40% of the capital raised. The establishment of such an Industrial Park is possible only if stringent standards and practices are observed in the construction and cash flow. From the perspective of the country, it is an invaluable contribution to the development and science." While implementing such projects, developers are faced with many difficulties, of which the most serious are legislation "gaps" and official circumlocution6. In this case, the local officials led by Georgi Boos – the Kaliningrad region Governor – proved to be a considerable support for the Project.

Technopolis GS