Geography of Niue

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Avatele, Niue

Niue is a small island in the South Pacific Ocean, to the east of Tonga. It has an area of 260 square kilometres, and a coastline of 64 km, it claims an exclusive economic zone of 200 nm, and a territorial sea of 12 nm. It is one of world's largest coral islands.


Niue's climate is tropical, modified by south-east trade winds. Cyclones pose a natural hazard.


Talava arches, Niue

The terrain consists of steep coastal cliffs made from limestone and a central plateau; the lowest point is at sea level, and the highest is an unnamed point near Mutalau settlement, at 68 m.

Natural resources[edit]

The island's natural resources are fish and arable land. Land use in 1993 was as in the following table:

Land use
Use Percentage of area
arable land 19
permanent crops 8
permanent pastures 4
forests and woodland 19
other 50

Environmental issues[edit]

A current environmental issue is increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash-and-burn agriculture. Niue is a party to the following international agreements regarding the environment: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification. Niue has signed but not ratified the Law of the Sea agreement.


Niue has signed a treaty with the United States in which the parties delimited the east–west maritime boundary between Niue and American Samoa. Niue is south of American Samoa.

Extreme points[edit]

This is a list of the extreme points of Niue, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location.


Coordinates: 19°02′S 169°52′W / 19.033°S 169.867°W / -19.033; -169.867 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website