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Geography of Tajikistan

Tajikistan is nestled between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north and west, China to the east, Afghanistan to the south. Mountains cover 93 percent of Tajikistan's surface area; the two principal ranges, the Pamir Mountains and the Alay Mountains, give rise to many glacier-fed streams and rivers, which have been used to irrigate farmlands since ancient times. Central Asia's other major mountain range, the Tian Shan, skirts northern Tajikistan. Mountainous terrain separates Tajikistan's two population centers, which are in the lowlands of the southern and northern sections of the country. In areas of intensive agricultural and industrial activity, the Soviet Union's natural resource utilization policies left independent Tajikistan with a legacy of environmental problems. With an area of 142,600 km2, Tajikistan has a maximum east-to-west extent is 700 km, its maximum north-to-south extent is 350 km; the country's irregular border is 3,651 km long, including 414 km along the Chinese border to the east and 1,206 km along the frontier with Afghanistan to the south.

Most of the southern border with Afghanistan is set by the Amu Darya and its tributary the Panj River, which has headwaters in Afghanistan and Tajikistan. The other neighbors are the former Soviet republics of Kyrgyzstan; the lower elevations of Tajikistan are divided into northern and southern regions by a complex of three mountain chains that constitute the westernmost extension of the massive Tian Shan system. Running parallel from east to west, the chains are the Turkestan and Hisor mountains; the last of these lies just north of the capital, situated in west-central Tajikistan. More than half of Tajikistan lies above an elevation of 3,000 metres; the lowlands, which are located in the Fergana Valley in the far north and in Khatlon Province in the southwest, are well above sea level. In the Turkestan range, highest of the western chains, the maximum elevation is 5,510 metres; the highest elevations of this range are near the border with Kyrgyzstan. That region is dominated by the peaks of the Pamir-Alay mountain system, including two of the three highest elevations in the former Soviet Union: Mount Lenin — 7,134 metres and Ismoil Somoni Peak — 7,495 metres.

Several other peaks in the region exceed 7,000 metres. The mountains contain numerous glaciers, the largest of which, Fedchenko Glacier, covers more than 700 square kilometres and is the largest glacier in the world outside the polar regions; because Tajikistan lies in an active seismic belt, severe earthquakes are common. The Fergana Valley, the most densely populated region in Central Asia irrigated by the Syr Darya in its upper course, spreads across the north-eastern arm of Uzbekistan and Northern Tajikistan; this long valley, which lies between two mountain ranges — the Kuramin Range in the north and the Turkestan Range in the south, reaches its lowest elevation of 320 metres at Khujand on the Syr Darya. Rivers bring rich soil deposits into the Fergana Valley from the surrounding mountains, creating a series of fertile oases that have long been prized for agriculture. In Tajikistan's dense river network, the largest rivers are the Amu Darya; the Amu Darya carries more water than any other river in Central Asia.

The upper course of the Amu Darya, called the Panj River, is 921 kilometres long. The river's name changes at the confluence of the Panj, the Vakhsh, the Kofarnihon rivers in far southwestern Tajikistan; the Vakhsh, called the Kyzyl-Suu upstream in Kyrgyzstan and the Surkhob in its middle course in north-central Tajikistan, is the second largest river in southern Tajikistan after the Amu-Panj system. In the Soviet era, the Vakhsh was dammed at several points for irrigation and electric power generation, most notably at Norak, east of Dushanbe, where one of the world's highest dams forms the Nurek Reservoir. Numerous factories were built along the Vakhsh to draw upon its waters and potential for electric power generation. Due to the uneven distribution of water throughout Central Asia, the Soviets created a system in which Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan provided water to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in summer, these three countries provided oil and gas to Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan during winter. After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, this system fell apart and a new resource-sharing plan has yet to be put in place.

According to research conducted by the International Crisis Group, this is due to corruption and lack of political will. The two most important rivers in northern Tajikistan are the Zeravshan; the former, the second longest river in Central Asia with a total length of 2,400 kilometres, stretches 195 kilometres across the Fergana Valley in far-northern Tajikistan. The Zeravshan River, with a total length of 781 kilometres, runs for 316 kilometres through the north-center of Tajikistan. Tajikistan's rivers reach high-water levels twice a year: in the spring, fed by the rainy season and melting mountain snow, in the summer, fed by melting glaciers; the summer freshets are the more useful for irrigation in the Fergana Valley and the valleys of southeastern Tajikistan. Most of Tajikist


KPLC virtual and VHF digital channel 7, is a dual NBC/CW+-affiliated television station licensed to Lake Charles, United States. The station is owned by Gray Television, which operates dual Fox/ABC affiliate KVHP under a shared services agreement with owner American Spirit Media; the two stations share studios on Division Street in downtown Lake Charles. On cable, KPLC is available on Suddenlink channel 9, while KPLC-DT2 is carried on channel 7, KPLC-DT3 on channel 130 and KPLC-DT4 on channel 131. KPLC-TV signed on September 1954 with NBC's airing of the 1954 World Series. Owner T. B. Lanford of Shreveport had signed on KPLC radio and was eager to expand into television, giving the new station the same callsign as their radio sisters. On the same day, Lanford helped sign on then- and current sister station KALB in Alexandria. KPLC was a major beneficiary of a quirk in the Federal Communications Commission's plan for allocating stations. In the early days of broadcast television, there were twelve VHF channels available and 69 UHF channels.

The VHF bands were more desirable. Since there were only twelve VHF channels available, there were limitations as to how the stations could be spaced. After the FCC's Sixth Report and Order ended the license freeze and opened the UHF band in 1952, it devised a plan for allocating VHF licenses. Under this plan all of the country would be able to receive two commercial VHF channels plus one noncommercial channel. Most of the rest of the country would be able to receive a third VHF channel. Other areas would be designated as "UHF islands" since they were too close to larger cities for VHF service; the "2" networks became CBS and NBC, "+1" represented non-commercial educational stations, "1/2" became ABC. However, what would become of the Lake Charles market was sandwiched between Houston, Beaumont–Port Arthur and Lufkin to the west, Baton Rouge and New Orleans to the east, Alexandria and Monroe to the north; this created a large "doughnut" in Southwestern Louisiana. KPLC-TV was fortunate to gain that license, became the only station to be based in Lake Charles when the market's original TV station, KTAG-TV, went off the air due to being on the UHF frequency and unable to compete with KPLC in 1961.

This changed in the early 1980s when LPB outlet KLTL signed on in 1981, independent-turned-Fox affiliate KVHP signed on a year later. In 1964, Lanford sold KPLC to a St. Louis group headed by investor Elliot Stien, he visited KPLC along with his friend, St. Louis Cardinals baseball legend Stan Musial. Lanford continued to own fellow NBC affiliate KALB of Alexandria until 1993. In 1970, G. Russell Chambers purchased KPLC-TV from the St. Louis group and increased the station's coverage by adding a 1,500-foot tower, providing a quality signal for the NBC affiliate as far north as Leesville, as far east as Lafayette and to the Gulf of Mexico. FCC regulations required. Perry Sanders purchased the AM/FM combo and changed its call letters to KLCL. On August 9, 1983, acting both in his individual capacity and on behalf of CTR, entered into a purchase agreement to sell the station's facilities and broadcast license to respondent NASCO, Inc. for a purchase price of $18 million. The agreement was not recorded in the parishes in which the two properties housing the station's facilities were located.

Consummation of the agreement was subject to the approval of the FCC. By late August, Chambers had changed his mind and tried to talk NASCO out of consummating the sale. NASCO refused. On September 23, through counsel, informed NASCO that he would not file the necessary papers with the FCC. In 1986, Cosmos Broadcasting, a subsidiary of Liberty Life Insurance Company, took over. Within the next two years, the station adopted a circle 7 logo and its current slogan "7 at your service." KPLC was one of the first television stations in the U. S. to launch its own website in the 1990s. In 2004, KPLC began broadcasting in digital as well as analog with the launch of KPLC-DT. In the year, the station launched its first local 24-hour weather channel, "KPLC WeatherPlus." The station launched a service for cellphones and PDAs, "7 On Your Cell." In March 2004, while workers were installing a new transmission tower in high winds, the old transmission tower fell, causing a service disruption lasting about two weeks to over-the-air viewers in Southwest Louisiana.

Service to cable customers was not interrupted due to the station's signal being delivered by fiber lines. A lower-power temporary tower was erected on top the station's broadcast studios a couple of days after the tower fell, allowing viewers within a few miles of the station to again receive the signal over-the-air. KPLC was simulcast on KJEF-CA in Jennings. In January 2006, Liberty and KPLC were purchased by Raycom Media, which owns two other Louisiana television stations, KSLA-TV in Shreveport and WAFB in Baton Rouge. In August 2012, KPLC started broadcasting in HD with a new H

Blond Ambition (Grimm)

"Blond Ambition" is the 22nd episode and season finale of season 3 of the supernatural drama television series Grimm and the 66th episode overall, which premiered on May 16, 2014, on the cable network NBC. The episode was written by series creators Jim Kouf and David Greenwalt and was directed by Norberto Barba. Opening quote: "Turn back, turn back, thou pretty bride, within this house thou must not abide. For here do evil things betide." Monroe and Rosalee begin their wedding rehearsal with Nick acting as his best man and Juliette acting as her maid of honor. They tell Nick to make sure to bring the sunglasses to the wedding in order to avoid being recognized as the Grimm. Meanwhile, Agent Steward retrieves a fake passport for himself with the name "Walter Rathenau" in order to escape the country once the matter is solved. Renard is visited by "Juliette" in his room, she claims that she needs to talk to him and although Renard says that she should stay away from him, she kisses him. She "apologizes" and leaves, stunning Renard.

Juliette is called by Adalind, who claims that Renard's potion with her could have returned, but Juliette is certain that she hasn't felt anything lately. Nick and Trubel move the trailer out of the storage unit into the woods. Meanwhile, DeEtta gets drunk during the night and spills wine on the wedding dress, ruining it, forcing Monroe's parents to pay for another at the last minute. Monroe and Rosalee don't get mad at her. Renard calls Juliette to talk about. After a tip from Wu, Renard discovers the storage unit where Adalind made the potion and after unsuccessfully getting ahold of Nick, he makes a new potion with the ingredients. Nick arrives home and Adalind poses as Juliette to seduce him and they end up having sex. While Nick dresses for the wedding, Adalind leaves but runs into Trubel, Adalind, as Juliette, coldly dismisses her. Trubel sees her shifting back to Adalind; the real Juliette arrives home and sees the clothes on the floor and thinks that Nick may have cheated on her. On the way to the wedding, Juliette confronts Nick about what happened and after realizing that Adalind knew Juliette wasn't going to be home for a time, they surmise that Nick had sex with Adalind.

Renard only finds Trubel there. She describes the blonde woman to him and he realises it was Adalind. Trubel gives him the wedding ceremony address and as Renard leaves for the wedding, he is shot three times in the chest through the door, falling unconscious; the shooter is revealed to be Agent Steward, who sees Trubel, who flees to her room and closes the door just as he shoots her. He breaks the door, forcing her to decapitate him upon seeing that he is a Wesen, she calls the police and an ambulance for Renard and leaves to give the antidote to Nick. As the wedding begins, Wu, Sgt. Franco and officers arrive at the house to investigate, they find Steward's corpse and the fake passport and go upstairs to check the room for more evidence. Wu discovers the Grimm book and opens it to reveal a Lausenschlange entry, reminding him of his previous nightmares with the Aswang; the wedding goes well and Monroe and Rosalee are pronounced husband and wife. However, Trubel arrives at the wedding with the antidote, causing the guests to woge when they discover she is a Grimm.

Nick tries to save her from them and the antidote accidentally drops, breaking it as well as Nick's sunglasses. Nick, Monroe, Rosalee and Trubel escape to a room and they discuss how Nick was unable to see the Wesen woged. Monroe discovers that Nick has lost his powers and is no longer a Grimm. Nick, Hank and Trubel escape in Renard's car while Renard is taken away by an ambulance, coughing blood. Adalind is revealed to be on a plane; the season ends. The episode was viewed by 5.34 million people, earning a 1.3/4 in the 18-49 rating demographics on the Nielson ratings scale, ranking second on its timeslot and fourth for the night in the 18-49 demographics, behind Dateline NBC, Barbara Walters: Her Story, Shark Tank. This was an 11% increase in viewership from the previous episode, watched by 4.78 million viewers with a 1.3/4 and it's a 7% increase in viewership from the previous season finale, watched by 4.99 million viewers with a 1.7/5. This means that 1.3 percent of all households with televisions watched the episode, while 4 percent of all households watching television at that time watched it.

With DVR factoring in, the episode was watched by 7.97 million viewers with a 2.4 ratings share in the 18-49 demographics. Overall, the third season of Grimm averaged 7.97 million viewers, a 14% increase from the second season, which averaged 6.95 million viewers. "Blond Ambition" received positive reviews. The A. V. Club's Kevin McFarland gave the episode a "B" grade and wrote, "This season of Grimm began by uniting the rest of the team behind Nick Burkhardt in a way they'd never banded together before — with him kidnapped and under some kind of voodoo spell — and returned a supercharged Nick as an inexplicably empowered leader; that unification grew stronger over the course of the season, with Renard leading Nick and Hank on the police side, while Nick oversaw and complementary team whenever he had to take matters into his o

Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences

Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences was a Finnish University of applied sciences located in Kemi and Tornio. It was founded in 1992 as Kemi-Tornio Polytechnic, a merger of several institutes of higher vocational education in the Kemi-Tornio region of Finland, it was merged with Rovaniemi University of Applied Sciences into Lapland University of Applied Sciences on January 1, 2014. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences worked in two neighbouring towns: Kemi and Tornio. There were altogether 2,600 degree students, about 10% of which were foreign students coming from Asia and Africa. KTUAS provided higher professional education for young and adults leading to Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees. KTUAS had a variety of 18 degree programmes, in five of which the language of tuition and studying was English. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences has won international recognition for its eLearning programmes. Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences was established in 1992. At the moment there are altogether 2,600 students and the staff consists of 250 persons.

Kemi and Tornio are situated by the Swedish border. The Kemi-Tornion region offers a wide range of services; the people of Kemi and Tornio derive their livelihood from the paper and wood industries, steel industries, high-tech enterprises and engineering works. Kemi-Tornio UAS considers its most important task to be the training of entrepreneurial spirited skilled people, who understand the conditions and possibilities of the North; the UAS provides education for the young and adults leading to Bachelor’s and master's degrees in the fields of business and administration, technology, health care and social services and natural sciences. KTUAS has a variety of 18 degree programmes, in five of which the language of teaching and studying is English. From the student’s point of view, the strengths of the Kemi-Tornio UAS are modern technology and know-how in eLearning, co-operation with the business and working life both in Finland and abroad as well as internationalization; the Kemi-Tornio UAS has developed a broad and active network for international co-operation opening up opportunities for students to complete part of their Bachelor’s thesis and practical training abroad.

The University supports the development of students’ personal professional skills with versatile teaching methods as well as independent study through supportive guidance. Business Administration Cultural and Media Arts Information Communication Technology Health Care and Social Services Technology Degree Programme in Business Management Degree Programme in Business Information Technology Degree Programme in Social Services Degree Programme in Nursing International Business Management The purpose of the Research and Development department is to create and advance internationalization strategy and to be responsible for integrating international activities with the research and studies at Kemi-Tornio University of Applied Sciences; the role of the department is to consult as well as to create and execute projects and to operate as a project organization where the physical location of workers is not relevant when carrying out the operations. The operations of Research and Development department are targeted to certain areas of focus.

These areas of focus include The Nordic Countries and the neighboring North Calotte Area, as well as the familiar collaboration area of European Union countries, but on a wider scale than previously. Resources are aimed at cooperation with Russia and with the Barents region; the central field of operation of Research and Development department is the EU -project work. The basis for acquiring and implementing projects is engaging them as an integral part of the applied research of the UAS; the project leaders and other needed workers are recruited from the personnel of the UAS, in which case the project experiences can be directly utilized in education. This way the project working contributes teachers’ acquisition of qualifications and further education. By means of the projects, opportunities will be provided for the students to complete theses and carry out practical training periods. A substantial element of the project work is the international collaboration realized with the local commercial and industry life.

The objectives of this form of activity are to develop both regional enterprises and public sector, to enhance employment and create connections to international companies and other partners in cooperation by utilizing the possibilities information society provides. In Industrial Lapland KTUAS develops know-how in maintenance, product development and enterprise resource management. In Lapland of Well being, KTUAS develops multidisciplinary know-how in preventive and re-rehabilitative work in elderly care welfare of children, young people and families occupational health regional research and development of welfare services. In Lapland of Experiments and Culture KTUAS invests in social media know-how andfounding Northern Culture Institute In Lapland of Business and Entrepreneurship KTUAS develops know-how in international business and new business operations models and software design and software business. IT Laboratory located in Minerva is owned by the Department of Information Processing.

Several students from various groups make their practical placement at this place. The goal of the IT lab is to apply theoretical knowledge in practical life and get in touch with business life of the region working with real tasks from companies. Services provided by IT Lab are: Website designing Content management system Web application development e-Commerce development PC services, m

Zofia Kulik

Zofia Kulik is a Polish artist. She is known for her work in performance and photography. Kulik studied sculpture at the Fine Arts Academy in Warsaw, she worked with Przemyslaw Kwiek in the 1970s, as part of the Soc Art movement, creating joint works under the name Kwiekulik. KwieKulik was active between 1971-1987, during which time the duo was well known for performance and photographic works, their work is linked to the Soc Art movement known as conceptualism, the second socialist realism or New Red Art. The two were influence by Oskar Hansen, who taught them in Warsaw, his focus on documentation and production process of works, they exhibited their work in their own apartment. Their pieces appropriated symbols and imagery of the communist Polish regime at the time. Following changes to the Polish regime in 1989, Kulik began to work independently, using photographic collage and focusing on self-portraiture. Kulik has exhibited internationally including New York and the Venice Biennial. Kulik's graduation exhibition at the Fine Arts Academy was titled Instead of Sculpture.

It was a three-channel slide installation composed of 450 photographs. The photographs document Kulik's activity in her studio as well as the activity of other students around the school; the artist sees the photos as a visual diary, saying "the parallel projection gave an image of three interwoven threads. In the plastic thread: material and spatial transformations, in the life thread: occurrences in time and space and among people from the nearest circle, in the record thread: operations on the slides – the medium of the message." Katarzyna Kosmala, What it Feels Like to Be A Professional Artist in Central and Eastern Europe? Individualised Realty of the Other in Zofia Kulik’s Arts, in International Journal of Knowledge and Change Management, Vol.5, Iss.3, 2005, pp. 107–116 accessed at 17 Feb 2007 Lukasz Ronduda, The Films of Polish Women Artists in the 1970s and 1980s - From the Archive of Polish Experimental Film, Art Margins Izabela Kowlaczyk, Feminist Art in Poland Today, in n. paradoxa magazine, Issue No.11, 1999] Bio details, website

Prenderemos fuego al cielo

"Prenderemos fuego al cielo" is the first single from Tajo Abierto, the third studio album by American-born Chilean singer-songwriter Francisca Valenzuela. The song was released on July 2014 in United States and Chile in digital format on iTunes. Valenzuela wrote the single in mid-2013 on piano before learning to use special software to achieve the song's electropop synthesized beats, she revealed that the song was most "danceable" on her album because it incorporated new arrangements and noted that the single marked a stylistic change in her career. The single was recorded in Los Angeles, where Valenzuela had relocated in order to work on her new album. Vicente Sanfuentes and Grammy nominated producer, Jesse Rogg, co-produced the single. A lyric video for the single was released on Valenzuela's official VEVO account on July 14, 2014; the single debuted on radio in Chile for Rock & Pop, one day ahead of its official release. The single debuted at #2 on the Chilean iTunes charts on July 15, 2014 and the song peaking at number #10 on the Chilean Radio Songs.

The song debuted at #9 on the Chilean Singles Chart, breaking the record for the biggest debut by a Chilean artist and is her fourth top 10-song. The music video was filmed in the desert in Arizona at Antelope Canyon in June 2014. Valenzuela and a crew of eight drove for 8 hours from California to Arizona; the video was filmed in one day. It was released via Valenzuela's official website on July 22, 2014. Digital Download Single"Prenderemos fuego al cielo" — 4:29