Geography of the Northern Mariana Islands

This article is about the geography of the Northern Mariana Islands. The Northern Mariana Islands, together with Guam to the south, compose the Mariana Islands; the southern islands are limestone, with fringing coral reefs. The northern islands are volcanic, with active volcanoes on Anatahan and Agrihan; the volcano on Agrihan has the highest elevation at 3,166 feet. About one-fifth of the land is arable; the primary natural resource is fish. Development has created landfills which have contaminated the groundwater on Saipan, which could lead to disease. Anatahan Volcano is a small volcanic island 80 miles north of Saipan, it is 2 miles wide. Anatahan began erupting from its east crater on May 10, 2003, at about 6 p.m.. It has since alternated between calm periods. On April 6, 2005 50,000 cubic meters of ash and rock were ejected, causing a large, black cloud to drift south over Saipan and Tinian; the islands have a tropical marine climate moderated by seasonal northeast trade winds. There is little seasonal temperature variation.

The dry season runs from December to June, the rainy season from July to November and can include typhoons. The Guinness Book of World Records has cited Saipan as having the most equable climate in the world. From 1927 to 1935, the temperature ranged from 19.6 degrees Celsius or 67.3 degrees Fahrenheit at the lowest to 31.4 degrees Celsius or 88.5 degrees Fahrenheit at the highest. Extreme points of the Northern Mariana Islands

Simon Fitzmaurice

Simon Fitzmaurice – was an Irish filmmaker. A resident of Greystones, County Wicklow, Fitzmaurice published a memoir titled It's Not Yet Dark in 2014 about his experience with motor neurone disease, he directed My Name Is Emily while living with the condition in 2015. Fitzmaurice's second short film, The Sound of People, premiered at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival. Soon after, he was diagnosed with a motor neurone disease, which left him paralyzed. With the disease, he wrote and directed the feature film My Name Is Emily, released in 2015. Starring Evanna Lynch, Michael Smiley, George Webster, it tells the story of a teenager who leaves her foster home to free her father from a mental hospital. My Name Is Emily was nominated for eight Irish Television Academy Awards. It's Not Yet Dark, a memoir, chronicles his experience living in a motorized wheelchair and communicating using an eye-tracking computer; the memoir was followed by the documentary. The documentary was narrated by Irish actor Colin Farrell.

Dublin Institute of Technology conferred Simon Fitzmaurice with an Honorary Doctorate at a graduation ceremony at St Patrick's Cathedral in November 2016. Fitzmaurice was married to Ruth Fitzmaurice. Irish filmmaker with his wife and parents, his funeral was held two days at St Kilian's Roman Catholic Church in Greystones, attended by, among others, Lieut Cmdr Patricia Butler, Fianna Fáil politician Stephen Donnelly, broadcaster Maia Dunphy, James Vincent McMorrow, who performed one of Fitzmaurice’s favourite songs "We Don't Eat"

Mojave Desert

The Mojave Desert is an arid rain-shadow desert and the driest desert in North America. It is in the North American Southwest within southeastern California and southern Nevada, it occupies 47,877 sq mi. Small areas extend into Utah and Arizona, its boundaries are noted by the presence of Joshua trees, which are native only to the Mojave Desert and are considered an indicator species, it is believed to support an additional 1,750 to 2,000 species of plants. The central part of the desert is sparsely populated, while its peripheries support large communities such as Las Vegas, Lancaster, Victorville, St. George; the Mojave Desert is bordered by the Great Basin Desert to its north and the Sonoran Desert to its south and east. Topographical boundaries include the Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Ridge to the west, the Sierra Nevada and the Inyo Mountains to the northwest, the San Gabriel Mountains and San Bernardino Mountains to the south; the mountain boundaries are distinct because they are outlined by the two largest faults in California – the San Andreas and Garlock faults.

The Mojave Desert displays typical range topography. Higher elevations above 2,000 ft in the Mojave are referred to as the High Desert. Large parts of the Mojave Desert are referred to as the "high desert", in contrast to the "low desert", the Sonoran Desert to the south. Most of the Mojave Desert is above 2,000 ft, with only Death Valley and the Colorado River basin in the east being lower; the Mojave Desert, however, is lower than the higher Great Basin Desert to the north. The Mojave Desert occupies less than 50,000 sq mi, making it the smallest of the North American deserts; the spelling Mojave originates from the Spanish language while the spelling Mohave comes from modern English. Both are used today, although the Mojave Tribal Nation uses the spelling Mojave; the Mojave Desert receives less than 2 inches of rain a year and is between 2,000 and 5,000 feet in elevation. The Mojave Desert contains the Mojave National Preserve, as well as the lowest and hottest place in North America: Death Valley at 282 ft below sea level, where the temperature surpasses 120 °F from late June to early August.

Zion National Park in Utah lies at the junction of the Mojave, the Great Basin Desert, the Colorado Plateau. Despite its aridity, the Mojave has long been a center of alfalfa production, fed by irrigation coming from groundwater and from the California Aqueduct; the Mojave is a desert of two distinct seasons. Winter months bring comfortable daytime temperatures, which drop to around 25 °F on valley floors, below 0 °F at the highest elevations. Storms moving from the Pacific Northwest can bring rain and in some places snow. More the rain shadow created by the Sierra Nevada as well as mountain ranges within the desert such as the Spring Mountains, bring only clouds and wind. In longer periods between storm systems, winter temperatures in valleys can approach 80 °F. Spring weather continues to be influenced by Pacific storms, but rainfall is more widespread and occurs less after April. By early June, it is rare for another Pacific storm to have a significant impact on the region's weather. Summer weather is dominated by heat.

Temperatures on valley floors can soar above 130 °F at the lowest elevations. Low humidity, high temperatures, low pressure, draw in moisture from the Gulf of Mexico creating thunderstorms across the desert southwest known as the North American monsoon. While the Mojave does not get nearly the amount of rainfall the Sonoran desert to the south receives, monsoonal moisture will create thunderstorms as far west as California's Central Valley from mid-June through early September. Autumn is pleasant, with one to two Pacific storm systems creating regional rain events. October is one of the sunniest months in the Mojave. After temperature, wind is the most significant weather phenomenon in the Mojave. Across the region windy days are common. During the June Gloom, cooler air can be pushed into the desert from Southern California. In Santa Ana wind events, hot air from the desert blows into the Los Angeles basin and other coastal areas. Wind farms in these areas generate power from these winds; the other major weather factor in the region is elevation.

The highest peak within the Mojave is Charleston Peak at 11,918 feet, while the Badwater Basin in Death Valley is 279 feet below sea level. Accordingly and precipitation ranges wildly in all seasons across the region; the Mojave Desert has not supported a fire regime because of low fuel loads and connectivity. However, in the last few decades, invasive annual plants such as some within the genera Bromus and Brassica have facilitated fire. This