German National Library
The German National Library is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany. Its task is to collect, permanently archive, comprehensively document and record bibliographically all German and German-language publications since 1913, foreign publications about Germany, translations of German works, the works of German-speaking emigrants published abroad between 1933 and 1945, to make them available to the public; the German National Library maintains co-operative external relations on a national and international level. For example, it is the leading partner in developing and maintaining bibliographic rules and standards in Germany and plays a significant role in the development of international library standards; the cooperation with publishers has been regulated by law since 1935 for the Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig and since 1969 for the Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt. Duties are shared between the facilities in Leipzig and Frankfurt, with each center focusing its work in specific specialty areas.
A third facility has been the Deutsches Musikarchiv Berlin, which deals with all music-related archiving. Since 2010 the Deutsches Musikarchiv is located in Leipzig as an integral part of the facility there. During the German revolutions of 1848 various booksellers and publishers offered their works to the Frankfurt Parliament for a parliamentary library; the library, led by Johann Heinrich Plath, was termed the Reichsbibliothek. After the failure of the revolution the library was abandoned and the stock of books in existence was stored at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg. In 1912, the town of Leipzig, seat of the annual Leipzig Book Fair, the Kingdom of Saxony and the Börsenverein der Deutschen Buchhändler agreed to found a German National Library in Leipzig. Starting January 1, 1913, all publications in German were systematically collected. In the same year, Dr. Gustav Wahl was elected as the first director. In 1946 Dr. Georg Kurt Schauer, Heinrich Cobet, Vittorio Klostermann and Professor Hanns Wilhelm Eppelsheimer, director of the Frankfurt University Library, initiated the re-establishment of a German archive library based in Frankfurt.
The Federal state representatives of the book trade in the American zone agreed to the proposal. The city of Frankfurt agreed to support the planned archive library with personnel and financial resources; the US military government gave its approval. The Library began its work in the tobacco room of the former Rothschild library, which served the bombed university library as accommodation; as a result, there were two libraries in Germany, which assumed the duties and function of a national library for the GDR and the Federal Republic of Germany, respectively. Two national bibliographic catalogues identical in content were published annually. With the reunification of Germany on 3 October 1990, the Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig and the Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt am Main were merged into a new institution, The German Library; the "Law regarding the German National Library" came into force on 29 June 2006. The expansion of the collection brief to include online publications set the course for collecting and storing such publications as part of Germany's cultural heritage.
The Library's highest management body, the Administrative Council, was expanded to include two MPs from the Bundestag. The law changed the name of the library and its buildings in Leipzig, Frankfurt am Main and Berlin to "Deutsche Nationalbibliothek". In July 2000, the DMA assumed the role as repository for GEMA, Gesellschaft für musikalische Aufführungs- und mechanische Vervielfältigungsrechte, a German music copyright organization. Since music publishers only have to submit copies to DMA, which covers both national archiving and copyright registration; the 210,000 works of printed music held by GEMA were transferred to DMA. One of the special activities of the German National Library involves the collection and processing of printed and non-printed documents of German-speaking emigrants and exiles during the period from 1933 to 1945; the German National Library maintains two exile collections: the Collection of Exile Literature 1933–1945 of the German National Library in Leipzig and the German Exile Archive 1933–1945 of the German National Library in Frankfurt am Main.
Both collections contain printed works written or published abroad by German-speaking emigrants as well as leaflets and other materials produced or in part by German-speaking exiles. In 1998 the German National Library and the German Research Foundation began a publicly funded project to digitise the “Jewish Periodicals in Nazi Germany” collection of 30,000 pages, which were published between 1933 and 1943. Additionally included in the project were 30 German-language emigrant publications "German-language exile journals 1933–1945", consisting of around 100,000 pages; these collections were put online in 2004 and were some of the most visited sites of the German National Library. In June 2012 the German National Library discontinued access to both collections on its website for legal reasons; the digitised versions are since available for use in the reading rooms of the German National Library in Leipzig and Frankfurt am Main only, which caused harsh criticism. The German National Library cited concerns over copyright as the reason, claiming that although the Library and the German Research Foundation had permission from the owners of the publication to put them online, the owners
Joris Hoefnagel or Georg Hoefnagel was a Flemish painter, miniaturist and merchant. He is noted for his illustrations of natural history subjects, topographical views and mythological works, he was one of the last manuscript illuminators and made a major contribution to the development of topographical drawing. His manuscript illuminations and ornamental designs played an important role in the emergence of floral still-life painting as an independent genre in northern Europe at the end of the 16th century; the scientific naturalism of his botanical and animal drawings served as a model for a generation of Netherlandish artists. Joris Hoefnagel was the son of Jacob Hoefnagel, a dealer in diamonds and luxury goods such as tapestries, his wife Elisabeth Vezelaer, daughter of the Antwerp mint master Joris Vezelaer; as his father wished him to enter the family business, he received a comprehensive humanistic education. He spoke, in addition to his native Dutch, several languages and was able to write poetry and play various musical instruments.
In one of his works, Hoefnagel described himself as self-taught as an artist. However, according to the early Flemish biographer Karel van Mander he received his first art lessons from Hans Bol while he was still in Antwerp; this apprenticeship with Hans Bol is not documented. He lived from 1560 to 1562 in France, where he attended the universities of Bourges and Orléans. Here he made his first landscape drawings, he was forced to leave France in 1563 due to religious unrest and he returned to Antwerp. He left soon thereafter for Spain, where he resided from 1563 to 1567 and was active on behalf of the family business, he made various sketches of places in Spain and was fascinated with Seville, the primary colonial trading port of Spain, where he could see many exotic animals and plants. He returned to Antwerp in 1567 but may have visited his hometown in between on business, he travelled to England in 1568 and resided in London for a few months where he built friendships with other Flemish businessmen.
After returning to Antwerp in 1569, Joris Hoefnagel married Suzanne van Onchem in 1571 and in 1573 the couple had a son called Jacob, who would become an artist. After the Sack of Antwerp by Spanish troops during the Eighty Years War in 1576, in which much of the family fortune was lost to plunder, Joris Hoefnagel left his hometown, he traveled in 1577, accompanied by the cartographer Abraham Ortelius, along the Rhine via Frankfurt and Munich to Venice and Rome. The pair travelled southwards from Rome to Naples and visited various ancient sites; the art patron Hans Fugger and the physician Adolf Occo, whom he met in Augsburg, recommended him to the Duke of Bavaria, Albert V. The Duke was impressed by Hoefnagel’s miniatures and promised him a job as a court painter. In Rome he was introduced to the circle of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Thanks to his special ability in miniature painting he was offered by the Cardinal in 1578 the position of the late miniaturist Giulio Clovio, he decided, however, to take on the position at the ducal court in Munich.
He lived in Munich for about eight years and worked at the court of the Bavarian dukes Albert V and William V. Hoefnagel was granted the freedom to pursue his own interests and seems to have accepted the post at the ducal court not to be hemmed in by the city and guild rules, he took on commissions from Fugger and the Este family of Ferrara. In between he worked in Innsbruck at the court of Archduke Ferdinand II, he continued with his trading activities. As a Calvinist, he was forced to leave Munich in 1591 when a rule was imposed that all members of the court had to proclaim their adherence to the Catholic faith, he went to work for Emperor Rudolf II, first residing in the city of Frankfurt am Main, where he moved in a circle of Flemish humanists, merchants and publishers. In particular his friendship with the Flemish botanist Carolus Clusius may have played an important role in his botanical illustrations. In 1594, he was forced to leave Frankfurt because of the repression of the Calvinist faith.
He worked in his final years in Vienna but made regular visits to Prague. His brother Daniel lived in Vienna, where he ran a business under court protection. At this time Joris Hoefnagel promoted his son Jacob at court, he collaborated with his son on artistic projects. According to Karel van Mander he died in Vienna in 1600 but this is not certain as there continue to be references to him in documents referring to his brother Daniel and his son Jacob after that date. Hoefnagel was a versatile artist and is known for his landscapes, miniatures, topographical drawings and genre and mythological paintings. Part of Hoefnagel's artistic works was kept in the Dutch Republic by Constantijn Huygens when bequeathed to the Huygens family at Hoefnagel's death; these works were seen by Dutch artists and exercised an important influence on the development of Dutch still life and naturalist art. During his trip to England, he made drawings of royal palaces such as Windsor Castle and Nonsuch Palace, which are regarded as some of the earliest realist landscape watercolours in England.
Hoefnagels made many landscape drawings during his travels in Europe. These served as the models for engravings for Ortelius' Theatrum orbis terrarum and Braun's Civitates orbis terrarum; the Civitates orbis terrarum was with its six volumes the most extensive atlas of its time. Hoefnagel worked intermittently on the Civitates his whole life and may have acted as an agent for the project, by commissioning views from other artists, he completed more
National Diet Library
The National Diet Library is the national library of Japan and among the largest libraries in the world. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet of Japan in researching matters of public policy; the library is similar in scope to the United States Library of Congress. The National Diet Library consists of two main facilities in Tōkyō and Kyōtō, several other branch libraries throughout Japan; the National Diet Library is the successor of three separate libraries: the library of the House of Peers, the library of the House of Representatives, both of which were established at the creation of Japan's Imperial Diet in 1890. The Diet's power in prewar Japan was limited, its need for information was "correspondingly small"; the original Diet libraries "never developed either the collections or the services which might have made them vital adjuncts of genuinely responsible legislative activity". Until Japan's defeat, the executive had controlled all political documents, depriving the people and the Diet of access to vital information.
The U. S. occupation forces under General Douglas MacArthur deemed reform of the Diet library system to be an important part of the democratization of Japan after its defeat in World War II. In 1946, each house of the Diet formed its own National Diet Library Standing Committee. Hani Gorō, a Marxist historian, imprisoned during the war for thought crimes and had been elected to the House of Councillors after the war, spearheaded the reform efforts. Hani envisioned the new body as "both a'citadel of popular sovereignty'", the means of realizing a "peaceful revolution"; the Occupation officers responsible for overseeing library reforms reported that, although the Occupation was a catalyst for change, local initiative pre-existed the Occupation, the successful reforms were due to dedicated Japanese like Hani. The National Diet Library opened in June 1948 in the present-day State Guest-House with an initial collection of 100,000 volumes; the first Librarian of the Diet Library was the politician Tokujirō Kanamori.
The philosopher Masakazu Nakai served as the first Vice Librarian. In 1949, the NDL became the only national library in Japan. At this time the collection gained an additional million volumes housed in the former National Library in Ueno. In 1961, the NDL opened at its present location in Nagatachō, adjacent to the National Diet. In 1986, the NDL's Annex was completed to accommodate a combined total of 12 million books and periodicals; the Kansai-kan, which opened in October 2002 in the Kansai Science City, has a collection of 6 million items. In May 2002, the NDL opened a new branch, the International Library of Children's Literature, in the former building of the Imperial Library in Ueno; this branch contains some 400,000 items of children's literature from around the world. Though the NDL's original mandate was to be a research library for the National Diet, the general public is the largest consumer of the library's services. In the fiscal year ending March 2004, for example, the library reported more than 250,000 reference inquiries.
As Japan's national library, the NDL collects copies of all publications published in Japan. Moreover, because the NDL serves as a research library for Diet members, their staffs, the general public, it maintains an extensive collection of materials published in foreign languages on a wide range of topics; the NDL has eight major specialized collections: Modern Political and Constitutional History. The Modern Political and Constitutional History Collection comprises some 300,000 items related to Japan's political and legal modernization in the 19th century, including the original document archives of important Japanese statesmen from the latter half of the 19th century and the early 20th century like Itō Hirobumi, Iwakura Tomomi, Sanjō Sanetomi, Mutsu Munemitsu, Terauchi Masatake, other influential figures from the Meiji and Taishō periods; the NDL has an extensive microform collection of some 30 million pages of documents relating to the Occupation of Japan after World War II. This collection include the documents prepared by General Headquarters and the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, the Far Eastern Commission, the United States Strategic Bombing Survey Team.
The Laws and Preliminary Records Collection consists of some 170,000 Japanese and 200,000 foreign-language documents concerning proceedings of the National Diet and the legislatures of some 70 foreign countries, the official gazettes, judicial opinions, international treaties pertaining to some 150 foreign countries. The NDL maintains a collection of some 530,000 books and booklets and 2 million microform titles relating to the sciences; these materials include, among other things, foreign doctoral dissertations in the sciences, the proceedings and reports of academic societies, catalogues of technical standards, etc. The NDL has a collection of 440,000 maps of Japan and other countries, including the topographica
Neue Deutsche Biographie
Neue Deutsche Biographie is a biographical reference work. It is the successor to the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie; the 26 volumes published thus far cover more than 22,500 individuals and families who lived in the German language area. NDB is published in German by the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities and printed by Duncker & Humblot in Berlin; the index and full-text articles of the first 25 volumes are available online via the website German Biography and the Biographical Portal. NDB is a comprehensive reference work, similar to Dictionary of National Biography, Dictionary of American Biography, American National Biography, Dictionary of Canadian Biography, Dictionary of Australian Biography, Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, Diccionario Biográfico Español, Dictionary of Irish Biography, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon, Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950, its first volume, alphabetically covering names from "Aachen" to "Behaim", was published in 1953.
As of 2016, the most recent volume is the 26th, covering names from "Tecklenburg" to "Vocke", published in October 2016. So far, more than 22,500 biographies of individuals and families, who lived in the German language area, have been published; some 1,600 further articles will be added in two further volumes, with completion expected in 2021. An NDB article contains genealogical information such as date and place of birth and place of death, parents, marriages, number of children and birth names, academic degrees, a curriculum vitae in whole sentences, a valuation of the subject's political, social, technical or artistic achievements, a bibliography and references to portraits. Only deceased persons with a close relation to the German language area are recorded; each article is signed by its author. An index cataloguing all articles and the full text of articles in the first 26 volumes, covering names from "Aachen" to "Vocke", is available online; the index is part of the Biographie-Portal.
This cooperative project of the Bavarian State Library, the Historical Commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the Austrian Academy of Sciences and Humanities the Foundation Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts makes available data of Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950, Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz / Dictionnaire Historique de la Suisse / Dizionario Storico della Svizzera, Slovenska Biografija, Rheinland-Pfälzische Personendatenbank, Sächsische Biografie, Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon. Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie Biographical Portal Neue deutsche Biographie / herausgegeben von der Historischen Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, since 1953. ISBN 3-428-00181-8. Reinert, Schrott, Ebneth, Rehbein, Team Deutsche Biographie et al. From Biographies to Data Curation - The Making of www.deutsche-biographie.de, in: BD2015. Biographical Data in a Digital World.
Proceedings of the First Conference on Biographical Data in a Digital World 2015. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 9, 2015, ed. by. Serge ter Braake, Antske Fokkens, Ronald Sluijter, Thierry Declerck, Eveline Wandl-Vogt, CEUR Workshop Proceedings Vol-1399. P. 13-19. German Biography - complete full-text articles and further information Biographical Portal - complete index Neue Deutsche Biographie Historische Kommission bei der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Munich Digitisation Centre, Digital Library department of the Bavarian State Library
John Carter Brown Library
The John Carter Brown Library is an independently funded research library of history and the humanities on the campus of Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island. The library's rare book and map collections encompass a variety of topics related to the history of European discovery, exploration and development of the New World until circa 1825; the Library originated in the mid-nineteenth century when it began as the private collection of John Carter Brown who conceived of it being a collection of books written about the discovery of the New World, rather than a gentleman’s financial investment or a rich man’s adornment. Brown began collecting in 1846. After John Carter Brown's death, his Sophia Augusta Brown, continued collecting, with the advisement of John Russell Bartlett and Rush Hawkins. Enlightened and pioneering collecting passion was transmitted to John Nicholas Brown; until John Nicholas Brown’s untimely death, the John Carter Brown Library was kept in a special fireproof room in the Brown family house in the 1792 Nightingale-Brown House.
The will of John Nicholas Brown directed that within four years of his death, his trustees were to establish the collection, together with a building to house it, at a permanent site of their choice. They selected Brown University; the collection of the John Carter Brown Library consists of more than 50,000 books written about both North and South America until the end of the colonial era in the Americas, as well as around 16,000 specialized reference books providing supplementary information about the Library’s holdings. The Library holds a major collection of prints and maps of the New World; the collection of the John Carter Brown Library begins chronologically with fifteenth-century editions of Columbus’s celebrated “letter” to the Spanish court announcing the discovery of lands to the west. The Library houses one of the largest collections of books printed in British North America before 1800, the world’s most complete collection of Mexican works printed before 1600, the largest collection of printed works relating to Brazil before 1820, the finest collection of printed sources for the study of early Canada and the Caribbean to be found in the United States, nearly three-quarters of all known imprints in the native languages of North and South America from the colonial period, the largest collection of political pamphlets produced at the time of the American revolution.
Collection highlights include the best preserved of eleven extant copies of Bay Psalm Book, the first book printed in British North America, a Shakespeare First Folio, leaves from the Gutenberg Bible, a copy of the first Bible printed in British North America, one of four surviving copies of Benjamin Franklin's A Dissertation on Liberty and Necessity and Pain, a copy of Vocabulario en lengua castellana y mexicana, the first dictionary published in the New World. The Library holds many important maps and prints relating to the New World; these maps include one of the first printed attempts to depict America in cartographic form. The Library is housed in a Beaux-Arts style building, designed by the architects Shepley and Coolidge, completed in 1904; the building was expanded in 1990, with funds from a donation by New Jersey financier and Brown alumnus Finn M. W. Caspersen; the four-story annex, designed by the Washington D. C. architects Hartman-Cox, was named the "Caspersen Building" in honor of Caspersen's parents.
It is located on the main green of Brown University. The Archive of Early American Images is drawn from the holdings of the John Carter Brown Library; the AEAI assists scholars in their quest for contemporary images to illustrate their research findings and to facilitate the study of historical images in their own right and in proper context. It is a unique resource for picture researchers, documentary filmmakers, others looking for material for commercial use. Many of these American images come from books printed in the early modern period that have never been reproduced before; as of August 2014, the database—which includes a Map Collection, Political Cartoon Collection, John Russell Bartlett Boundary Commission Collection—has about 11,270 images and is still growing. Images in this database are accompanied by extensive bibliographical and descriptive information and come from books in most European, some indigenous, languages from before c. 1825. George Parker Winship, 1895–1915 Champlin Burrage, 1916 Worthington C.
Ford, 1917–1922 Lawrence C. Wroth, 1924–1957 Thomas R. Adams, 1958–1982 Norman Fiering, 1983–2006 Edward L. Widmer, 2006–2012 Neil Safier, 2013– American Friends of the Hakluyt Society Lawrence C. Wroth, The First Century of the John Carter Brown Library: A History with a Guide to the Collections. John Carter Brown Library, Annual Reports, 1901–1966, eight volumes. John Carter Brown Library,"The Dedication of the Caspersen Building,"; the John Carter Brown Library The John Carter Brown Library's Internet Archive Collection The John Carter Brown Library's Digitized Image Collections
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Jacob Hoefnagel, was a Flemish painter, miniaturist, art dealer, diplomat and politician. He is noted for his illustrations of natural history subjects as well as his portraits, topographical views and mythological works. Jacob Hoefnagel was the oldest son of Susanna van Onsem and Joris Hoefnagel a Flemish painter and miniaturist employed successively by the dukes of Bavaria and Emperor Rudolph II in Prague. Unlike his father, not trained professionally as an artist but had started out as a merchant in the family business in diamonds and luxury goods, Jacob was given the opportunity to study art under a master in Antwerp, he became a pupil of Abraham Liesaert in Antwerp. He started a peripatetic life, he was in Frankfurt am Main at the latest in 1592 where he joined his father who had remarried there after the death of Jacob's mother. He was in Regensburg in 1594 and Vienna in 1602. Here he married in 1605 with the daughter of the Dutch court architect Anthoni Muys; this was his third marriage.
Throughout his life Jacob Hoefnagel would marry five times. He spent time in Prague and was in Rome in 1605, he is recorded in Prague in 1609 and again in Rome in 1610. He was the court painter to Rudolf II in Prague from 1602 to 1613. In Prague he belonged to a circle of Flemish and Dutch merchants and scholars, some of whom were Reformed, with close ties to the court of Rudolf II, he was a diplomat at the court at a time. In 1614 he married his fourth wife, he experienced financial difficulties, which he attributed to the court’s failure to pay his salary as a court painter. During the Thirty Years' War, he took the side of the protestant Winter King Frederick V of the Palatinate against the catholic Habsburg dynasty, he was appointed as the official agent of the Bohemian estates to the Dutch Republic in 1618. He had the right contacts for the position as he was the nephew of the Dutch poet and politician Constantijn Huygens, who had married his aunt Susanna Hoefnagel. Huygens was secretary to the Dutch Stadtholder Maurice, Prince of Orange.
He was convicted in absentia in a political process of embezzlement of funds. All his goods were confiscated and, according to some sources, he was sentenced to death, he could, flee. He spent time in Scandinavia including Göteborg, he is recorded on 30 April 1624 as a portrait painter in the Swedish court accounts. He was in Altona in 1626 where he married for the last time, he is subsequently present in Holland where he is recorded in The Hague. Details about his last years are not available, his wife is recorded as a widow in Hamburg in 1633. Jacob Hoefnagel worked in various media and formats and is known for portraits, still lifes, mythological and topographical works and emblems executed in oil, water colour, gouache and as engravings, his first important work was the Archetypa studiaque patris Georgii Hoefnagelii, which he published in 1592 in Frankfurt. The book is a collection of 48 engravings of plants and small animals shown ad vivum, it is divided in four parts of twelve plates, made after designs by his father Joris Hoefnagel and engraved by Jacob, only 19 years old at the time of publication.
The Italian scholar Filippo Buonanni asserted in 1691 that these engravings are the first published instance of the use of the microscope. However, this assertion of Buonanni is still contested; as the quality of the engravings varies, it is assumed that some of the works were made by members of the family De Bry who resided in Frankfurt. The prints in the collections were intended not as representations of the real world, they carried a religious meaning as they encouraged the contemplation of god's plan of creation. Like contemporary emblem books each print carried a motto referring to god's interference in the world; the prints of the book were used as models by other artists and the Hoefnagel motifs were copied until the 19th century. It has been argued that the prints stood at the basis of the typical Dutch genre of still lifes with flowers and insects; as a painter Hoefnagel specialized in small format mythological scenes on copper. During his stay at the court in Prague he produced many paintings.
The Morgan Library & Museum holds an Orpheus charming the animals dated 1613 in a late Mannerist style and a Winter dated 1618. During his residence in Sweden he painted in 1624-25 a portrait of Queen Maria Eleonore of Sweden; the original of the oil painting is lost and is now known through the engraving made by Hendrik Hondius I in 1629. He made in 1609 a topographically useful and at the same time artistically valuable view of the city of Vienna. Around the same time, he was in Vienna one of the contributors to a painted scientific work known as the "Museum or bestiary of Emperor Rudolf II", which consists of 180 parchment leaves and is kept in the Austrian National Library as cod. min. 129-130. Jacob's father Joris had provided designs for the fifth volume of Civitates orbis terrarum, which consisted of prints of bird's-eye views and maps of cities from all around the world; the work was edited by Braun and engraved by Frans Hogenberg. Jacob reworked in 1617 designs of his father for the sixth volume of Civitates Orbis Terrarum, published in Cologne in 1618.
Volume 6 contains a homogeneous series of images of cities in Central Europe (in Austria, Moravia and Transylvan