Jeffrey Alan Agoos is a retired Swiss-born American soccer defender, one of the all-time appearance leaders for the United States national team. Agoos served as the Sporting Director for the New York Red Bulls, is the Vice President of Competition for Major League Soccer. Agoos won a record five MLS championships: three with D. C. United, two with the San Jose Earthquakes, he won the 1996 U. S. Open Cup, was the 2001 MLS Defender of the Year, he was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 2009. Agoos was born in Geneva, Switzerland, as his father was working overseas there for Caterpillar Construction Company, he grew up in Texas, attended J. J. Pearce High School in Richardson, Texas, he was named a two-time Parade Magazine High School All-American as well as a Dallas All-Sports Athlete-of-the-Year. Agoos is Jewish, during the summer of 1985, represented the United States at the 1985 Maccabiah Games and was at 17 the youngest player on the team. From 1986 to 1990, Agoos played soccer for Bruce Arena at the University of Virginia.
During his four seasons with the Cavaliers, earned First-Team All-American honors twice, in 1988 and 1990 and is the only 4 time All American in Uva's history. He finished second in Hermann Award voting his senior season. In 1989, his junior year, Virginia went to the NCAA championship game where it fought the University of Santa Clara to a 1–1 draw after 4 overtimes. While the teams wanted to continue to play, NCAA officials ended the game and declared the two teams co-champions. At the time there were no penalty. At the end of the season, Agoos represented the United States at the 1989 Maccabiah Games. Upon graduating from college, Agoos played for the Maryland Bays of the A-League in 1991. On February 13, 1991, the Dallas Sidekicks of the Major Indoor Soccer League drafted Agoos with the second overall pick of the 1991 draft, he played in thirty games in the 1991–1992 season, scoring seven goals. In 1992, he left the Sidekicks to play full-time for the U. S. national team, but Dallas again selected him in a draft, this time the 1993 Continental Indoor Soccer League draft, but he did not re-sign with the team.
On June 26, 1994, after being cut from the U. S. roster for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Agoos signed with the Los Angeles Salsa for the 1994 American Professional Soccer League season. The Salsa went to the playoff semifinals that season. In the fall of 1994, he moved to Germany. Agoos returned from Germany in 1995 to sign with Major League Soccer. While waiting for the new league's first season, Agoos served as an assistant coach to Bruce Arena at the University of Virginia. In order to create a league, MLS allocated various recognized players to each team; as part of this process, the league allocated Agoos to D. C. United where he joined the team's first coach; that year, Agoos won the first MLS Championship as well as the U. S. Open Cup, he followed it up the next year with his second MLS Championship. In 1998, D. C. United achieved its greatest accomplishment when it defeated Vasco de Gama to take the Interamerican Cup. Agoos won his third MLS Championship with D. C. United in 1999, he spent 2001 through 2004 with the San Jose Earthquakes, proceeded to win his fourth and fifth MLS Championships.
Agoos earned a place in the MLS Best XI three times. In 2005, Agoos was named to the league's tenth anniversary All-Time Best XI, he was traded to the MetroStars after the 2004 season for a fourth round draft pick. In ten years in MLS, Agoos added 25 assists in 244 matches. In 2005, he was named to the MLS All-Time Best XI, before retiring December 8, 2005. Agoos represented Team USA at the 1985 Maccabiah Games in Israel. At 17 years of age, he was the youngest player on the team. Agoos made his debut with the United States national team on January 1988, against Guatemala, his first national team goal came just three days on January 13, 1988 against Guatemala. He was the last member to be cut from the U. S. squad for the 1994 FIFA World Cup and he burned his uniform upon hearing the news. He made the squad for the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France but did not play a single minute, in favor of David Regis. In the World Cup in South Korea/Japan at the age of 34, Jeff started the first three games until he suffered a calf injury against Poland.
He missed the rest of the tournament. He was capped a total of 134 times for the U. S. Agoos earned his last cap against Wales on May 26, 2003. Agoos was a member of the 1992 Team USA Futsal team which won a silver medal at Hong Kong, he scored 2 goals with the futsal team. Agoos was named as New York Red Bulls' Technical Director on September 28, 2006, serving under head coach Bruce Arena, he joined the Bulls organization on January 1, 2007. On January 7, 2008 he was promoted to Sporting Director. In 2009 Agoos was inducted into the National Soccer Hall of Fame. On March 28, 2011, Agoos was hired by the MLS as their Technical Director of Competition, he will work on competition strategies. D. C. UnitedMLS Cup Winners: 1996, 1997, 1999 MLS Supporters' Shield Winners: 1997, 1999 U. S. Open Cup Winners: 1996 CONCACAF Champions' Cup Winners: 1998 InterAmerican Cup Winners: 1998San Jose EarthquakesMLS Cup Winners: 2001, 2003 United StatesCONCACAF Gold Cup: 2002 List of select Jewish football players List of United States men's international soccer players born outside the USA Dallas Sidekicks profile
Association football, more known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport; the game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal. Association football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity; the modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were codified in England by The Football Association. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms; the team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins.
If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years; the rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe"; the Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863". The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it; the word soccer was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.
Within the English-speaking world, association football is now called "football" in the United Kingdom and "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now use "football" for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is evidence. Cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net, it was remarkably similar to modern football. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established. Phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup. Athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda and harpastum were played involving hands and violence.
They all appear to have resembled rugby football and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified "mob football", the antecedent of all modern football codes, these three games involved more handling the ball than kicking. Other games included kemari in chuk-guk in Korea. Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other ball games played around the world FIFA has recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe; the modern rules of association football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the varying forms of football played in the public schools of England. The history of football in England dates back to at least the eighth century AD; the Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Rugby and Shrewsbury schools.
They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football; some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield Football Club, formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School devised an influential set of rules; these ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemasons' Tavern in Great Queen Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse; the Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand.
Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under
Joy Lynn Fawcett is a retired American professional soccer player. She earned 241 caps with the United States women's national soccer team and retired from the WNT in 2004 as the highest scoring defender for the U. S. WNT. Fawcett was a founding member of the WUSA and was elected for induction into the National Soccer Hall of Fame in 2009, she was in the movie Soccer Mom as herself. Fawcett grew up in southern California where she attended Edison High School in Huntington Beach, California, her high school team won four league championships. She attended the University of California, Berkeley where she played on the women's soccer team from 1987 to 1989, she was a first team All-American. She holds the school record for single-season scoring with 23 goals in 1987. Fawcett graduated from UC Berkeley in 1992 with a BA degree in Physical Education Cal inducted her into the school's Hall of Fame in October 1997. Fawcett and forward Carin Jennings both were members of the Manhattan Beach club women's soccer team Ajax in the late 1980s and early 1990s and played at Columbia Park in Torrance, California.
In 1991 and 1993, Ajax won the U. S. women's amateur championship. In 1998, she played for Ajax in the first season of the Women's Premier Soccer League. In 2001, Fawcett signed with the San Diego Spirit in the newly established Women's United Soccer Association, she missed most of the season due to an early season pregnancy. She rebounded in 2002 to lead the team in playing time with 19 games. In 2003, she had ankle injury early in the season but came back to play 18 games and gain the first team WUSA All - Star recognition. In 1991, Fawcett and Jennings helped the U. S. national team win the first women's World Cup, held in China. She was the only WNT member to play all minutes of the 1995, 1999 and 2003 Women's World Cups, as well as the 1996 and 2000 Olympics, she retired from the WNT in 2004 as the highest scoring defender for the U. S. WNT, she appeared in the HBO documentary Dare to Dream: The Story of the U. S. Women's Soccer Team, she was the head coach at UCLA from 1993–1997. Joy and her husband Walter Fawcett have three daughters, Katelyn Rose and Madilyn Rae.
Their oldest daughter Katey played soccer for the University of Washington from 2012–2015. Her brother Eric Biefeld had a brief career with the United States men's national soccer team, she is the current assistant soccer coach for the United States Deaf Women's National Team. Official Player Profile National Soccer Hall of Fame profile
Marcelo Balboa is an American retired soccer defender who played in the 1990s for the U. S. national team, becoming its captain. He is a member of the National Soccer Hall of Fame. After retiring from playing, he has worked as a commentator for ESPN and ABC and MLS games on HDNet and Altitude, as well as FIFA World Cup games on Univision, he is the head boys' soccer coach for Monarch High School in Louisville, Colorado Balboa, of Argentine descent, was born in Chicago and grew up in Cerritos, California. Balboa played youth soccer for Fram-Culver. Balboa's father, Luis Balboa who played professionally in Argentina and with the Chicago Mustangs of the North American Soccer League, coached him. In 1985, Balboa graduated from Cerritos High School. Balboa attended Cerritos College, a local two-year community college from 1986 to 1987. At Cerritos, Balboa was both placekicker on the football team and a two-time 1st Team All-South Coast Conference soccer player. Cerritos College has retired Balboa's jersey number – #3.
In 1988, Balboa transferred to San Diego State University where he was a 1988 First Team and a 1989 Second Team All American soccer player. From 1987 to 1989, Balboa played the collegiate off-seasons on an amateur contract with the professional San Diego Nomads of the Western Soccer League, he was the 1988 WSA MVP. In 1990, Balboa began his professional career with the San Francisco Bay Blackhawks of the American Professional Soccer League. In 1992, he moved to the Colorado Foxes. Marcelo played for León in the Mexican League in 1995 and 1996. In 1996, he signed with the Colorado Rapids. Balboa played six seasons for the Rapids, leading as the team's all-time leader in many statistical categories. Traded to the MetroStars in 2002, Marcelo played only five minutes all year, sitting out the rest with injuries, retiring afterwards. Balboa ended his MLS career with 23 assists in 152 games. In 2005, Balboa was named to the MLS All-Time Best XI and elected to the National Soccer Hall of Fame on the first ballot along with Nick Folan.
In 2012, he was inducted into the Colorado Hall of Fame. Balboa was known for a goal for the Rapids in 2000 against the Columbus Crew, named the MLS Goal of the Year for that season. Marcelo Balboa earned his first cap on January 1988 against Guatemala, he anchored the American defense in the 1990 and the 1994 FIFA World Cups, in the latter receiving international attention for his near miss with a bicycle kick in the U. S. win over Colombia. He was named U. S. Soccer Athlete of the Year in 1992 and 1994. In 1995, he became the first U. S. player to break the 100-cap barrier. In 1998, he joined Tab Ramos and Eric Wynalda as the first U. S. players to play in three World Cups. Balboa ended his U. S. career with 128 caps and 13 goals, his final appearance came in a friendly against Iran on January 16, 2000. After the 2004 MLS season, Balboa assumed a front office position with the Rapids. Balboa debuted as a sideline reporter during ABC's coverage of the 2003 MLS All-Star Game and MLS Cup. In 2004, he became a regular announcer for ABC and ESPN's television coverage of the U.
S. national team. Most Balboa has paired up with baseball announcer Dave O'Brien as networks' #1 U. S. announcing team for the 2006 FIFA World Cup. In 2007, Marcelo started a soccer radio show, From The Pitch, which airs on Denver station Mile High Sports Radio. Balboa served as an analyst for NBC Sports coverage of Soccer at the 2008 Summer Olympics, he has been a guest soccer analyst on Telefutura's Contacto Deportivo. In 2014, he was comentator of the U. S. Team matches for Univision at the World Cup in Brazil. "There it was, the step. He stepped on him"-Describing when England player Wayne Rooney had stepped on the genital region of Portugal player Ricardo Carvalho and was dismissed from the game during the quarterfinals of the 2006 FIFA World Cup. In 2012, Monarch High School hired Balboa to coach the boys' soccer team. Balboa resides in the town of Colorado. Interview on Role Models from CaptainU Marcelo Balboa – FIFA competition record Marcelo Balboa at Major League Soccer
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Heart of Midlothian F.C.
Heart of Midlothian Football Club known as Hearts, is a Scottish professional football club based in the Gorgie area of Edinburgh, that plays in the Scottish Premiership, the top tier in Scottish football. Hearts are the oldest football club in the Scottish capital, as they were formed in 1874 by a group of friends from the Heart of Midlothian Quadrille Assembly, whose name was influenced by Walter Scott's novel The Heart of Midlothian; the modern club crest is based on the Heart of Midlothian mosaic on the city's Royal Mile and the team's colours are predominantly maroon and white. Hearts play at Tynecastle Park, where home matches have been played since 1886. After renovating the ground into an all-seater stadium following the findings of the Taylor Report in 1990, the stadium now has a capacity of just over 20,000 following the completion of a newly rebuilt main stand in 2017, their current training facilities are based at the Oriam, Scotland's national performance centre for sport, where they run their youth academy.
Heart of Midlothian have won the Scottish league championship four times, most in 1959–60, when they retained the Scottish League Cup to complete a League and League Cup double – the only club outside of the Old Firm to achieve such a feat. The club's most successful period was under former player turned manager Tommy Walker from the early 1950s to mid 1960s. Between 1954 and 1962 they won two league titles, one Scottish Cup, four Scottish League Cups, finished inside the league's top four positions for 11 consecutive seasons between 1949–50 and 1959–60. Jimmy Wardhaugh, Willie Bauld and Alfie Conn Sr. known affectionately as the Terrible Trio, were famed forwards at the start of this period with wing half linchpins Dave Mackay and John Cumming. Wardhaugh was part of another notable Hearts attacking trinity in the 1957–58 league winning side. Along with Jimmy Murray and Alex Young, they set the record for the number of goals scored in a Scottish league winning campaign. In doing so, they became the only side to finish a season with a goal difference exceeding 100.
Hearts have won the Scottish Cup eight times, most in 2012 after a 5–1 victory over Hibernian, their local rivals. All four of Hearts' Scottish League Cup triumphs came under Walker, most a 1–0 victory against Kilmarnock in 1962, their most recent Scottish League Cup Final appearance was in 2013, where they lost 3–2 to St Mirren. In 1958, Heart of Midlothian became the third Scottish and fifth British team to compete in European competition at the time; the club reached the quarter-finals of the 1988–89 UEFA Cup, losing out to Bayern Munich 2–1 on aggregate. The club was formed by a group of friends from the Heart of Midlothian Quadrille Assembly Club; the group of friends bought a ball before playing local rules football at the Tron from where they were directed by a local policeman to The Meadows to play. Local rules football was a mix of association football. In December 1873 a match was held between XIs selected by Mr Thomson from Queens Park and Mr Gardner from Clydesdale at Raimes Park in Bonnington.
This was the first time. Members from the dance club viewed the match and in 1874 decided to adopt the association rules; the new side was Heart of Mid-Lothian Football Club. The exact date of the club's formation was never recorded; the earliest mention of Heart of Midlothian in a sporting context is a report in The Scotsman newspaper from 20 July 1864 of The Scotsman vs Heart of Mid-Lothian at cricket. It is not known if this was the same club who went on to form the football club, but it was common for football clubs in those days to play other sports as well; the club took its name from historic county Midlothian, dating from the Middle Ages, as well as the Heart of Midlothian mosaic on the Royal Mile, which marks the historic entrance to The Old Tolbooth jail, demolished in 1817 but was kept fresh in the mind by Walter Scott's novel The Heart of Midlothian. Led by captain Tom Purdie the club played its matches in the East Meadows and in 1875 Hearts became members of the Scottish Football Association and were founder members of the Edinburgh Football Association.
By becoming members of the SFA Hearts were able to play in the Scottish Cup for the first time. Hearts played against 3rd Edinburgh Rifle Volunteers on October 1875 at Craigmount Park in Edinburgh; the game ended in a scoreless draw. A replay was held at the Meadows which again finished 0–0. Under rules at the time both clubs progressed to the next round with Hearts losing out to Drumpellier in the next round. In the 1884–85 season, clubs in Scotland struggled to attract players, who were attracted to play in England, due to the games professional status there. After an 11–1 win in the Scottish Cup over Dunfermline a protest was raised against the club for fielding two professional players. Hearts were suspended by the SFA for two years; this was the first suspension of an SFA club. After a change of the clubs' committee the club was readmitted. Hearts had considerable success in the early years of the Scottish Football League, winning the league championship in 1895 and 1896, they won four Scottish Cups in a 15-year period from 1891 to 1906.
The team played against Sunderland in the 1894–95 World Championship, but lost with a 5–3 score. Hearts did win the World Championship title in 1902, beating Tottenham Hotspur 3–1 in Tynecastle Park, after a 0–0 in London few month earlier. In November 1914, Heart of Midlothian comfortably led the First Division, having started