Elvis Presley on film and television
Elvis Presley was an American entertainer who achieved initial success as a singer, expressing an early career goal of following in the footsteps of his role models James Dean and Marlon Brando to become a top dramatic actor. His manager Colonel Tom Parker's persistent lobbying of William Morris Agency president Abe Lastfogel for a Presley screen test paid off on March 26, 1956, when the singer auditioned at Paramount for a supporting role in The Rainmaker. Although not chosen for the part, he signed a contract with Paramount producer Hal Wallis on April 25 that allowed him to make films with other studios, his feature debut was in Love Me Tender for 20th Century Fox, with the commercial success of the soundtrack EP being a bellwether for the next three Presley films. Loving You, Jailhouse Rock and King Creole were dramatic storylines written around Presley in the role of a musical entertainer, he would state that King Creole was his favorite of all his films. Flaming Star and Wild in the Country were rarities in his career, non-musicals focused on dramatic storylines.
According to music historian Peter Guralnick, the sluggish financial returns of those two films became the justification for ignoring Presley's wishes and limiting him to the more profitable musical format.. It was a single shot of Flaming Star, when silkscreened by Andy Warhol which garnered, since 1998, more than a quarter of a billion dollars for auction houses and in private sales, most notably those entitled "Double Elvis", Triple Elvis and Eight Elvises. In 1963, again as these silkscreens were being printed and shown at a Warhol exhibit in Los Angeles, Presley became bitter that his hopes for dramatic roles were not coming to fruition, stating that Clambake was his worst film, he began to complain about the deteriorating quality of the films and his belief that his manager's objectives were more monetary than anything else. At the expiration of all studio contracts, he returned to live entertaining; the two concert documentaries Elvis: That's the Way It Is in 1970 and Elvis on Tour in 1972 were the final theatrical releases for Presley.
Ellroy, James. The Best American Noir of the Century. New York, NY: Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0-547-57744-9. Guralnick, Peter. Last train to Memphis: The Rise of Elvis Presley. Boston, MA: Little and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-33220-0. Guralnick, Peter. Careless Love: The Unmaking of Elvis Presley. Boston, MA: Little and Company. ISBN 0-316-33222-4. Guralnick, Peter. Elvis Day by Day: The Definitive Record of His Life and Music. New York, NY: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-42089-3. Jorgensen, Ernst. Elvis Presley: A Live in Music: The Complete Recording Sessions. New York, NY: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-18572-5. Lisanti, Tom. Fantasy Femmes of 60's Cinema: Interviews with 20 Actresses from Biker and Elvis Movies. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-0868-9. Lisanti, Tom. Hollywood Surf and Beach Movies The First Wave, 1959–1969. McFarland & Company. ISBN 978-0-7864-7297-0. Marsh, Dave. Elvis. New York, NY: Time Books. ISBN 0-8129-0947-X. Neibaur, James L.. The Elvis Movies. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
ISBN 978-1-4422-3073-6. Rose, Frank; the Agency: William Morris and the Hidden History of Show Business. New York, NY: HarperBusiness. ISBN 978-0-88730-807-9. Templeton, Steve. Elvis Presley: Silver Screen Icon: A Collection of Movie Posters. Johnson City, TN: Overmountain Press. ISBN 978-1-57072-232-5.http://www.archive.org/stream/broadcastingtele51unse_0#page/n553/mode/2up
Good Times (Elvis Presley album)
Good Times is the twentieth studio album by American singer and musician Elvis Presley, released on March 20, 1974. The album was constructed by the first pick of a session held at Stax Studios in Memphis in December 1973 and two songs, "I've Got a Thing About You Baby" and "Take Good Care of Her", which were left over from the session at Stax in July 1973; the album includes a collection of songs that vary in genre. Released the same day as the recording of Elvis: Recorded Live on Stage in Memphis was being made, the title was taken from the song "Talk About the Good Times". Many of the songs are covers of hits at the time, like "Spanish Eyes" and "She Wears My Ring". Charting low at the time of its release, it was considered typical 1970s Elvis material and was his first album to hit the "cut-out bins"; the album did have some success though upon its original release, becoming a Cashbox #1 hit and charting in the Top 50 in the UK. Original copies of the LP with the sticker on the cover are rare and sell for large amounts on auction sites.
The album released two singles, both hits: "I've Got a Thing About You Baby" rose to #4 on the Country charts, #39 pop. J. D. Sumner & The Stamps, Voice – background vocals Mike Leech – string and horn arrangements Glen Spreen – string arrangement on "I've Got a Thing About You Baby" Al Pachucki, Dick Baxter, Mickey Crofford, Mike Moran – engineers Good Times at Discogs CPL1-0475 Good Times Guide part of The Elvis Presley Record Research Database AFL1-0475 Good Times Guide part of The Elvis Presley Record Research Database Yahoo! Music page
Elvis (1956 album)
Elvis is the second studio album by American rock and roll singer Elvis Presley, released by RCA Victor in October 1956 in mono. Recording sessions took place on September 1, September 2, September 3 at Radio Recorders in Hollywood, with one track left over from the sessions for Presley's debut album at the RCA Victor recording studios on January 30 in New York, it spent four weeks at #1 on the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart that year, making Presley the first recording artist to have both albums go straight to number one in the same year. It was certified Gold on February 17, 1960, Platinum on August 10, 2011, by the Recording Industry Association of America, it was released in UK in 1957 as Elvis Presley No. 2 with a different front cover. It was cataloged as Rock'n' Roll No. 2. RCA Victor producer Steve Sholes had commissioned two new songs for this batch of sessions, "Paralyzed" from Otis Blackwell and "Love Me" from Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, the authors of both sides of Presley's summer hit of 1956, "Don't Be Cruel" backed with "Hound Dog," the first record to top all three of the Billboard singles charts in existence: pop, R&B, C&W. Presley decided upon three Little Richard covers, selected three new country ballads from regular Everly Brothers writer Boudleaux Bryant and guitarist Chet Atkins, Sun staff musician and engineer Stan Kesler, Aaron Schroeder and Ben Weisman.
The latter two, contracted to Hill and Range, the publishing company of Presley's manager, Colonel Tom Parker, would write dozens of songs for Presley through the 1960s. Included was the song with which Presley won second prize at a fair in Tupelo when he was ten years old, Red Foley's 1941 country song, "Old Shep." With all but one track on the album recorded at a single set of sessions over three days in September and his touring band of Scotty Moore, Bill Black, D. J. Fontana, along with The Jordanaires, managed to recreate the loose feel from Sun Studio days, mixing rhythm and blues and country and western repertoire items as they had on all of his Sun singles, they reinforced this effect by including material echoing his first Sun record: a blues by Arthur Crudup, author of "That's All Right. The sessions were attended by a few outsiders, namely his current girlfriend at the time, actress Natalie Wood and actor Nick Adams, both of whom had starred in Rebel Without a Cause, Presley's favorite James Dean film.
Steve Sholes was the RCA man at the session, handled the paper work and such, but Elvis himself chose the songs, led the session, made all the decisions concerning which take would be the master and so forth. Thus it would be fair to say that for most practical purposes, Elvis himself at this session and throughout his career would continue to do most of the things that a regular record producer would do; the piano player on this album is not registered in the official RCA Victor archives, except for the song "So Glad You're Mine", cut at a previous session in New York. In a 1984 interview conducted by Jan-Erik Kjeseth, Gordon Stoker of the Jordanaires stated that he was the piano player on most of the songs on the album. In an article written by Kjeseth for the Flaming Star magazine, it was argued that the piano player on "Love Me", "Old Shep" and "How's the World Treating You" was Elvis himself. Ernst Jørgensen, writer of Elvis Presley - A Study in Music, seems to be of the same opinion. Kjeseth claims that Elvis played the piano on the single from this session, "Playing for Keeps".
Again, Jørgensen seems to be of the same opinion. Gordon Stoker played the piano on "Rip it Up" and "Anyplace is Paradise". RCA first reissued the original 12 track album on compact disc in 1984; this issue, in reprocessed stereo sound, was withdrawn and the disc was reissued in original monophonic. RCA reissued an expanded edition of the album in 1999, again in 2005. For the 1999 reissue, six bonus tracks were added that were both sides of three singles, altering the running order. Four of the tracks were chart-toppers: "Love Me Tender", "Too Much", the double-sided classic "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel". Bonus tracks recorded on July 2 at RCA Studios in New York City, in September at Radio Recorders, "Love Me Tender" at 20th Century Fox Stage One during the sessions for Love Me Tender; the 2005 reissue was remastered using DSD technology with the six bonus tracks appended in standard fashion, in the following order: "Playing for Keeps", "Too Much", "Don't Be Cruel", "Hound Dog", "Any Way You Want Me", "Love Me Tender".
This acclaimed latest remaster was the handiwork of audio restorer Kevan Budd, who drew praise for his 2005 remasters of Presley's first and third albums as well as the 2004 upgrade known as Elvis at Sun. These rock-n'roll tapes may have been among those dumped into the Delaware River near RCA Victor's Camden, New Jersey plant in the late 1950s. Elvis Presley – vocals, acoustic guitar, piano on "Old Shep", "Playing For Keeps", "Paralyzed", First In Line, "How's The World Treating You". Scotty Moore – electric guitar Shorty Long – piano on January 30 Gordon Stoker - piano on September 1–3 Bill Black – double bass D. J. Fontana – drums The Jordanaires - backing vocals Notes Chart positions for LPM 1382 from Billboard Top Pop Albums chart. Jorgenson, Ernst. Elvis Presley: A Life In Music - The Complete Recording Sessions, 1998. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-18572-3Miller, Jim, ed; the Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll, re
Doctor of Medicine
A Doctor of Medicine is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States and other countries, the MD denotes a professional graduate degree awarded upon graduation from medical school. In the United Kingdom and other countries, the MD is a research doctorate, higher doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who hold a professional degree in medicine. In 1703, the University of Glasgow's first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine. University medical education in England culminated with the MB qualification, in Scotland the MD, until in the mid-19th century the public bodies who regulated medical practice at the time required practitioners in Scotland as well as England to hold the dual Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees. North American medical schools switched to the tradition of the ancient universities of Scotland and began granting the MoD title rather than the MB beginning in the late 18th century.
The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York was the first American university to grant the MD degree instead of the MB. Early medical schools in North America that granted the Doctor of Medicine degrees were Columbia, Harvard, McGill; these first few North American medical schools that were established were founded by physicians and surgeons, trained in England and Scotland. A feminine form, "Doctress of Medicine" or Medicinae Doctrix, was used by the New England Female Medical College in Boston in the 1860s. In most countries having a Doctor of Medicine degree does not mean that the individual will be allowed to practice medicine. A doctor must go through a residency for at least four years and take some form of licensing examination in their jurisdiction. In Afghanistan, medical education begins after high school. No pre-medicine courses or bachelor's degree is required. Eligibility is determined through the rank applicants obtain in the public university entrance exam held every year throughout the country.
Entry to medical school is competitive, only students with the highest ranks are accepted into medical programs. The primary medical degree is completed in 7 years. According to the new medical curriculum, during the 12th semester, medical students must complete research on a medical topic and provide a thesis as part of their training. Medical graduates are awarded a certificate in general medicine, regarded "MD" and validated by the "Ministry of Higher Education of Afghanistan". All physicians are to obtain licensing and a medical council registration number from the "Ministry of Public Health" before they begin to practice, they may subsequently specialize in a specific medical field at medical schools offering the necessary qualifications. After graduation, students may complete residency; the MD specification: Before the civil wars in Afghanistan, medical education used to be taught by foreign professors or Afghan professors who studied medical education abroad. The Kabul medical institute certified the students as "Master of Medicine".
After the civil wars, medical education has changed, the MD certification has been reduced to "Medicine Bachelor". In Argentina, the First Degree of Physician or Physician Diplomate is equivalent to the North American MD Degree with six years of intensive studies followed by three or four years of residency as a major specialty in a particular empiric field, consisting of internships, social services and sporadic research. Only by holding a Medical Title can the postgraduate student apply for the Doctor degree through a Doctorate in Medicine program approved by the National Commission for University Evaluation and Accreditation. Australian medical schools have followed the British tradition by conferring the degrees of Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery to its graduates whilst reserving the title of Doctor of Medicine for their research training degree, analogous to the PhD, or for their honorary doctorates. Although the majority of Australian MBBS degrees have been graduate programs since the 1990s, under the previous Australian Qualifications Framework they remained categorized as Level 7 Bachelor's degrees together with other undergraduate programs.
The latest version of the AQF includes the new category of Level 9 Master's degrees which permits the use of the term'Doctor' in the styling of the degree title of relevant professional programs. As a result, various Australian medical schools have replaced their MBBS degrees with the MD to resolve the previous anomalous nomenclature. With the introduction of the Master's level MD, universities have renamed their previous medical research doctorates; the University of Melbourne was the first to introduce the MD in 2011 as a basic medical degree, has renamed its research degree to Doctor of Medical Science. In French-speaking Belgium, the medical degree awarded after six years of study is "Docteur en Médecine". Physicians would have to register with the Ordre des Medicins to practice medicine in the country. At the end of the six-year medical programs from Bulgarian medical schools, medical students are awarded the academic degree Master in Medicine and the professional title Physician - Doctor of Medicine.
After 6 years of general medical education, all students will graduate with
Cultural depictions of Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley has inspired artistic and cultural works since he entered the national consciousness. From that point, interest in his personal and public life has never stopped; some scholars have studied many aspects of his profound cultural influence. Billboard historian Joel Whitburn declared Presley the "#1 act of the Rock era"; the following lists cover various media which include items of historic interest, enduring works of high art, recent representations in popular culture. Only people and works with Wikipedia articles are included. For purposes of classification, popular culture music is a separate section from operas and oratorios. Television covers live action series, TV movies and North American animation but not Japanese anime, which appears with manga and graphic novels. 2001 Audi Wackel-Elvis campaign 2015 State Farm "Magic Jingle Elvis" commercial, directed by Roman Coppola Known Andy Warhol's sikscreens featuring the image of Elvis Presley and their current location, including art museums worldwide, as well as prices met, when known.
Totals paid for eight of the silkscreens below as of April 3, 2019 total US$280,000,000.i) "Single Elvis", 1963, acquired in 2009 for a price still undetermined by billionaire Eli Broad and owner of The Broad Museum, in Los Angeles, CA, where it is now located. Similar original silkscreens, all from 1963, are located at 1) the Museum Ludwig in Cologne, Germany, 2) the National Gallery of Australia in Parkes, Canberra, 3) the Akron Art Museum, in Akron OH 4) The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA and 5) the Modern Wing of the Art Institute of Chicago, in Chicago Il. Note: On May 11, 2004, a "Single Elvis " was sold at Christie's in NYC for US$3,367,500 ii) "Elvis I and II", 1963-64, one located at the Art Gallery of Ontario, Ontario, with another at the Berlin Pergamon Museum of Art in Berlin, Germany. Iii) "Double Elvis", 1963, sold in 1989 by the Estate of Albert Grossman, to the New York Museum of Modern Art for US750,000. Another 21 original silkscreens similar to, or resembling the aforementioned are said to exist, including those located at the 1) Seattle Art Museum, in Seattle, WA the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, in Bilbao, Spain.
In March of 2019, it was disclosed that the home had just been purchased by Harry Morton the son of one of its previous owners, the co-founder of the Hard Rock Cafe chain Peter Morton, for US$$25.46 million- See v) below, iv) "Double Elvis", 1963, sold at New York's Sotheby's on May 9, 2012 for US$37.1 million, its buyers being billionaires Jose Mugrabi and Steve Wynn, respectively. Six years on May 17, 2018 at Christie's in New York, Wynn sold it for US$37,000,000, the buyer being the British art dealer Brett Gorvy, co-owner of the Levy-Gorby Gallery in NY, London and Geneva, he in turn confirmed his purchasing of the Double Elvis being done on behalf of one of his clients. Another original quite alike the latter and entitled "Elvis 2 times" 1963, can be found at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York. V) "Elvis X2", 1963, bought for US$15.7 million. At Christie's on 13 November 2007 and located at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto. Canada- vi) "Triple Elvis", 1963, purchased at Christie's on November 13, 2014 for US$81.9 million by billionaires Doris and Donald Fisher, who lent it to the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art.
Four other similar silkscreens from 1963, can be found at 1) the Richmond Art Museum in Richmond, VA, its original owners being philanthropists Frances and Sydney Lewis. At one point, it was loaned to the Mississippi Museum of Art in Jackson, MS, thereby remain there until July 8, 2018 and 2) the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York, this one with two of the figures mixed and a third, isolated. 3) The Luigi e Peppino Agrati Collection, shown at Milan's Italian Gallery in May 2018, its three heads joined at the ears and 4) the Saatchi Gallery, England, the three images so much apart from each other that the middle one only meets the other two at its feet. Vii) "Elvis five" located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA. vii) "Eight Elvises", 1963, a one of a kind large silkscreen sold on 26 October 2008 by Italian art collector Annibale Berlingieri, for US$100 million. It is thought to have been purchased by the House of Thani's Qatari Royal family. Viii) "Elvis eleven times", 1963, the largest Elvis by Warhol in existence, as well as being a unique piece located at The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, PA ix) "Campbell's Elvis", 1962, Warhol's first painting in which he superimposed two images onto a single canvas, auctioned at Christie's on 10 November 2010 for US$1.45 million.
X) "Gold Boot Elvis Presley", 1957. In the private collection of actor Tom Lacy of the NBC TV series Law & Order xi) "Red Elvis," 1962, bought in February 2000, for US$2.9 million and adjudicated, after a Connecticut Superior Court ruling, to its original owner, multi millionaire art collector Peter Brant. Xii) "Elvis 21 times", 1962, sold at Sotheby's on May 3, 1993 for a still undis
Anniston is the county seat of Calhoun County in Alabama and is one of two urban centers/principal cities of and included in the Anniston-Oxford Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 23,106. According to 2013 Census estimates, the city had a population of 22,666. Named "The Model City" by Atlanta newspaperman Henry W. Grady for its careful planning in the late 19th century, the city is situated on the slope of Blue Mountain. Along with Selma, Alabama, it ranks as one of the top cities by most violent crimes in the United States, according to FBI data. Though the surrounding area was settled much earlier, the mineral resources in the area of Anniston were not exploited until the Civil War; the Confederate States of America operated an iron furnace near present-day downtown Anniston, until it was destroyed by raiding Union cavalry in early 1865. Cast iron for sewer systems became the focus of Anniston's industrial output. Cast iron pipe called soil pipe, was popular until the advent of plastic pipe in the 1960s.
In 1872, the Woodstock Iron Company, organized by Samuel Noble and Union Gen. Daniel Tyler, rebuilt the furnace on a much larger scale, started a planned community named Woodstock, soon renamed "Annie's Town" for Annie Scott Tyler, Daniel's daughter and wife of railroad president Alfred L. Tyler. Anniston was chartered as a town in 1873. Though the roots of the town's economy were in iron and clay pipe, planners touted it as a health resort, several hotels began operating. Schools appeared, including the Noble Institute, a school for girls established in 1886, the Alabama Presbyterian College for Men, founded in 1905. Careful planning and easy access to rail transportation helped make Anniston the fifth largest city in the state from the 1890s to the 1950s. In 1917, at the start of World War I, the United States Army established a training camp at Fort McClellan. On the other side of town, the Anniston Army Depot opened during World War II as a major weapons storage and maintenance site, a role it continues to serve as munitions-incineration progresses.
Most of the site of Fort McClellan was incorporated into Anniston in the late 1990s, the Army closed the fort in 1999 following the Base Realignment and Closure round of 1995. Anniston was the center of national controversy in 1961 when a mob bombed a bus filled with civilian Freedom Riders during the American Civil Rights Movement; as two Freedom buses were setting out to travel the south in protest of their Civil Rights following the Supreme Court case saying bus segregation was unconstitutional, one headed to Anniston, one to Birmingham, before finishing in New Orleans. The Freedom Riders were riding an integrated bus to protest Alabama's Jim Crow segregation laws that denied African Americans their civil rights. One of the buses was attacked and firebombed by a mob outside Anniston on Mother's Day, May 14, 1961. Prior to the bus being firebombed, attackers broke windows, slashed tires, using metal pipes, clubs and crowbars, before the police came to escort the bus away; the bus was forced to a stop just outside of Anniston, in front of Forsyth and Sons grocery, by more mob members.
As more windows were broken, rocks and a firebomb were thrown into the bus. As the bus burned, the mob held. An exploding fuel tank caused the mob to retreat; the riders were viciously beaten as they tried to flee, where warning shots fired into the air by highway patrolmen prevented the riders from being lynched on the spot. A 12-year-old girl, Janie Forsyth, set out against the mob with a bucket of water and cups to help the Riders, first tending to the one who had looked like her own nanny. Forsyth and Son grocery is located along Alabama Highway 202 about 5 miles west of downtown; the site today is home to a historic marker and was designated Freedom Riders National Monument by President Barack Obama in January 2017. In response to the violence, the city formed a bi-racial Human Relations Council made up of prominent white business and religious leaders, but when they attempted to integrate the "whites-only" public library on Sunday afternoon, September 15, 1963, further violence ensued and two black ministers, N.
Q. Reynolds and Bob McClain, were beaten by a mob; the HRC chairman, white Presbyterian minister Rev. Phil Noble, worked with an elder of his church, Anniston City Commissioner Miller Sproull, to avoid KKK mob domination of the city. In a telephone conference with President John F. Kennedy, the President informed the HRC that after the Birmingham church bombing he had stationed additional federal troops at Fort McClellan. On September 16, 1963, with city police present and Sproull escorted black ministers into the library. In February 1964, Anniston Hardware, owned by the Sproull family, was bombed in retaliation for Commissioner Sproull's integration efforts. On the night of July 15, 1965, a white racist rally was held in Anniston, after which Willie Brewster, a black foundry worker, was shot and killed while driving home from work. A $20,000 reward was raised by Anniston civic leaders, resulted in the apprehension and conviction of the accused killer, Damon Strange, who worked for a leader of the Ku Klux Klan.
Historian Taylor Branch called the conviction of Damon Strange a "breakthrough verdict" on p. 391 of his Pulitzer Prize-winning book, At Canaan's Edge. Strange was convicted by an all-white Calhoun County jury to the surprise of many people, including civil rights leaders who had planned to protest an acquittal; this was the first conviction of a white person for killing a b
Elvis Aaron Presley was an American singer and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or "the King". Presley was born in Tupelo and relocated to Memphis, with his family when he was 13 years old, his music career began there in 1954, recording at Sun Records with producer Sam Phillips, who wanted to bring the sound of African-American music to a wider audience. Accompanied by guitarist Scotty Moore and bassist Bill Black, Presley was a pioneer of rockabilly, an uptempo, backbeat-driven fusion of country music and rhythm and blues. In 1955, drummer D. J. Fontana joined to complete the lineup of Presley's classic quartet and RCA Victor acquired his contract in a deal arranged by Colonel Tom Parker, who would manage him for more than two decades. Presley's first RCA single, "Heartbreak Hotel", was released in January 1956 and became a number-one hit in the United States. With a series of successful network television appearances and chart-topping records, he became the leading figure of the newly popular sound of rock and roll.
His energized interpretations of songs and sexually provocative performance style, combined with a singularly potent mix of influences across color lines during a transformative era in race relations, made him enormously popular—and controversial. In November 1956, Presley made his film debut in Love Me Tender. Drafted into military service in 1958, Presley relaunched his recording career two years with some of his most commercially successful work, he held few concerts however, guided by Parker, proceeded to devote much of the 1960s to making Hollywood films and soundtrack albums, most of them critically derided. In 1968, following a seven-year break from live performances, he returned to the stage in the acclaimed television comeback special Elvis, which led to an extended Las Vegas concert residency and a string of profitable tours. In 1973, Presley gave the first concert by a solo artist to be broadcast around the world, Aloha from Hawaii. Years of prescription drug abuse compromised his health, he died in 1977 at his Graceland estate at the age of 42.
Presley is the best-selling solo artist in the history of recorded music. He was commercially successful in many genres, including pop, country and gospel, he won three competitive Grammys, received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award at age 36, has been inducted into multiple music halls of fame. Elvis Presley was born on January 8, 1935, in Tupelo, Mississippi, to Gladys Love Presley in the two-room shotgun house built by his father, Vernon Elvis Presley, in preparation for the birth. Jesse Garon Presley, his identical twin brother, was delivered 35 minutes before stillborn. Presley became close to both parents and formed an close bond with his mother; the family attended an Assembly of God church. On his mother's side Presley's ancestry was Scots-Irish, with some French Norman. Gladys and the rest of the family believed that her great-great-grandmother, Morning Dove White, was Cherokee. Vernon's forebears were of Scottish origin. Gladys was regarded by friends as the dominant member of the small family.
Vernon moved from one odd job to the evincing little ambition. The family relied on help from neighbors and government food assistance. In 1938, they lost their home after Vernon was found guilty of altering a check written by his landowner and sometime employer, he was jailed for eight months, while Elvis moved in with relatives. In September 1941, Presley entered first grade at East Tupelo Consolidated, where his teachers regarded him as "average", he was encouraged to enter a singing contest after impressing his schoolteacher with a rendition of Red Foley's country song "Old Shep" during morning prayers. The contest, held at the Mississippi–Alabama Fair and Dairy Show on October 3, 1945, was his first public performance; the ten-year-old Presley was dressed as a cowboy. He recalled placing fifth. A few months Presley received his first guitar for his birthday. Over the following year, he received basic guitar lessons from two of his uncles and the new pastor at the family's church. Presley recalled, "I took the guitar, I watched people, I learned to play a little bit.
But I would never sing in public. I was shy about it."In September 1946, Presley entered a new school, for sixth grade. The following year, he began bringing his guitar to school on a daily basis, he played and sang during lunchtime, was teased as a "trashy" kid who played hillbilly music. By the family was living in a Black neighborhood. Presley was a devotee of Mississippi Slim's show on the Tupelo radio station WELO, he was described as "crazy about music" by Slim's younger brother, one of Presley's classmates and took him into the station. Slim supplemented Presley's guitar tuition by demonstrating chord techniques; when his protégé was twelve years old, Slim scheduled him for two on-air performances. Presley was succeeded in performing the following week. In November 1948, the family moved to Tennessee. After residing for nearly a year in rooming houses, they were granted a two-bedroom apartment in the public housing complex known as the Lauderdale Courts. Enrolled at L. C. Humes Hig