The Brooklyn Nets are an American professional basketball team based in the borough of Brooklyn, in New York City. The Nets compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference; the team plays its home games at Barclays Center. They are one of two NBA teams located in New York City; the team was established in 1967 as a charter franchise of the NBA's rival league, the American Basketball Association. They played in New Jersey as the New Jersey Americans during their first season, before moving to Long Island in 1968 and changing their name to the New York Nets. During this time, the Nets won two ABA championships. In 1976, the ABA merged with the NBA, the Nets were absorbed into the NBA along with three other ABA teams. In 1977, the team returned to New Jersey and played as the New Jersey Nets from 1977 to 2012. During this time, the Nets won two consecutive Eastern Conference championships, but failed to win a league title. In the summer of 2012, the team moved to Barclays Center, took its current geographic name.
The Brooklyn Nets were founded in 1967 and played in Teaneck, New Jersey, as the New Jersey Americans. In its early years, the team led a nomadic existence, moving to Long Island in 1968 and playing in various arenas there as the New York Nets. Led by Hall of Famer Julius "Dr. J" Erving, the Nets won two ABA championships in New York before becoming one of four ABA teams to be admitted into the NBA as part of the ABA–NBA merger in 1976; the team moved back to New Jersey in 1977 and became the New Jersey Nets. During their time in that state, the Nets saw periods of losing and misfortune intermittent with several periods of success, which culminated in two consecutive NBA Finals appearances in the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons by teams led by point guard Jason Kidd. After playing 35 seasons in New Jersey, the team moved back to the state of New York, changed its geographic name to Brooklyn, began playing in the new Barclays Center, starting with the 2012–13 NBA season; the Boston Celtics were once rivals of the Nets during the early 2000s because of their respective locations and their burgeoning stars.
The Nets were led by Jason Kidd and Kenyon Martin, while the Celtics were experiencing newfound success behind Paul Pierce and Antoine Walker. The rivalry began to heat up in the 2002 Eastern Conference Finals, preceded by trash-talking from the Celtics who claimed Martin was a "fake" tough guy. Things progressed as the series started, on-court tensions seemed to spill into the stands. Celtic fans berated Kidd and his family with chants of "Wife Beater!" in response to Kidd's 2001 domestic abuse charge. When the series returned to New Jersey, Nets fans responded, with some brandishing signs that read "Will someone please stab Paul Pierce?" Referring to a night club incident in 2000 in which Pierce was stabbed 11 times. When asked about the fan barbs being traded, Kenyon Martin stated, "Our fans hate them, their fans hate us." Bill Walton said at the time that Nets-Celtics was the "beginning of the next great NBA rivalry" during the Eastern Conference Finals in 2002 with the Nets advancing to the NBA Finals, though New Jersey swept Boston in the 2003 playoffs.
On November 28, 2012 there were indications that the rivalry might be rekindled when an altercation occurred on the court, resulting in the ejection of Rajon Rondo, Gerald Wallace, Kris Humphries. Rondo was suspended for two games in the aftermath, while Kevin Garnett were fined; the story was revisited on December 25, when Wallace grabbed Garnett's shorts and the two had to be broken up by referees and players alike. However, the rivalry between the Nets and the Celtics appeared cooled off by the June 2013 blockbuster trade that dealt Celtics stars Garnett and Paul Pierce to the Nets in exchange for Wallace and others; this move was billed as a merger of the two Atlantic Division teams. Celtics announcer Sean Grande said, "It's as if you found a great home for these guys. You couldn't have found a better place; these guys will be in the New York market, they'll be on a competitive team, they'll stay on national TV. It's funny. So with Celtics fans feeling the way they do about the Heat, feeling the way they do about the Knicks, the Nets are going to become the second team now."
The Knicks–Nets rivalry has been a geographical one, with the Knicks playing in Madison Square Garden in the New York City borough of Manhattan, while the Nets played in the suburban area of Long Island and in New Jersey, since 2012 have been playing at Barclays Center in Brooklyn. Media outlets have noted the Knicks–Nets rivalry's similarity to those of other New York City teams, such as the Major League Baseball Subway Series rivalry between the American League's New York Yankees and the National League's New York Mets, the National Football League rivalry between the National Football Conference's New York Giants and the American Football Conference's New York Jets, the result of the boroughs' proximity through the New York City Subway; the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn competed via the Dodgers–Giants rivalry, when the two teams were known as the Brooklyn Dodgers and the New York Giants. Like the Knicks and Nets, the Giants and Dodgers played in Manhattan and Brooklyn and were fierce intraleague rivals.
The rivalry between the New York Islanders and New York Rangers of the National Hockey League has taken on a similar dimension since the Islanders moved to
The small forward known as the three, is one of the five positions in a regulation basketball game. Small forwards are shorter and leaner than power forwards and centers, but taller and larger than either of the guard positions; the small forward is considered to be the most versatile of the five main basketball positions. In the NBA, small forwards range from 6' 6" to 6' 10" while in the WNBA, small forwards are between 5' 11" to 6' 2". Small forwards are responsible for scoring points, defending and as secondary or tertiary rebounders behind the power forward and center, although a few have considerable passing responsibilities. Many small forwards in professional basketball are prolific scorers; the styles with which small forwards amass their points vary widely. Some players at the position are accurate shooters, others prefer to initiate physical contact with opposing players, still others are slashers who possess jump shots. In some cases, small forwards position as off-the-ball specialists.
Small forwards who are defensive specialists are versatile as they can guard multiple positions using their size and strength
ASVEL Basket known as ASVEL or sometimes as ASVEL Lyon-Villeurbanne, known as LDLC ASVEL for sponsorship reasons, is a French professional basketball team, located in the city of Villeurbanne, a suburb of Lyon, France. The club, the basketball section of the ASVEL multi-sports club, competes in the top-tier level French Pro A League; the club's home games are played at L'Astroballe. In 2014, Tony Parker became the president of the club. In 2017, Nicolas Batum became the club's director of basketball operations. On September 11, 2018, the club changed its name to LDLC ASVEL for sponsorship reasons. Along with this change, the club changed its main colors from green to white; the decision was made with the explanation that, "when you are European, green is a colour that does not make you dream", was followed by criticism from fans. The new logo, used since 2018, consists of the number four, which refers to ASVEL legend Alain Gilles, while keeping the V, used in the previous logo; the parent club was founded with the merger of two multi-sport clubs in Lyon and vicinity.
In its history, ASVEL has won 18 French Pro A League championships, 8 French Cups, two French Supercups, one French Federation Cup, one Semaine des As Cup, which makes it the most titled basketball club in France. In 2014, former San Antonio Spurs star, former senior French national team player, Tony Parker, became the club's president. In the French Pro A League 2015–16 season, ASVEL won its 18th French League title, after beating Strasbourg IG 3 games to 2 in the French Pro A League Finals. ASVEL won three games in a row to take the championship. In March 2017, NBA player, Nicolas Batum, became a shareholder in Infinity Nine Sports, the main investment company behind the club, took over the position as director of basketball operations. Tony Parker remained majority owner, ASVEL President. In 2018, the club signed a 10 year name sponsorship agreement with LDLC; the club changed its main team colors from the original white and green to white and black, changed its main logo design. L'Astroballe, with a seating capacity of 5,556 has been used as the long-time home arena of ASVEL.
In July 2016, ASVEL announced that it would build a new multi-functional arena, with a seating capacity of 10,500 spectators. The arena is projected to cost €60 million euros. French LeagueWinners: 1948–49, 1949–50, 1951–52, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1963–64, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1980–81, 2001–02, 2008–09, 2015–16 Runners-up: 1953–54, 1958–59, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2002–03French CupWinners: 1952–53, 1956–57, 1964–65, 1966–67, 1995–96, 1996–97, 2000–01, 2007–08 Runners-up: 1953–54, 1954–55, 1958–59, 2001–02, 2015–16A Leaders CupWinners: 2010 Runners-up: 2017French Super CupWinners: 2009, 2016 Runners-up: 2008Federation Cup Winners: 1983–84 Runners-up: 1981–82 EuroLeagueSemifinalists: 1975–76, 1977–78 4th place: 1996–97 Final Four: 1997FIBA Saporta CupRunners-up: 1982–83 Semifinalists: 1984–85, 1986–87FIBA Korać CupSemifinalists: 1995–96Latin Cup3rd place: 1953, 1966 Season by season results of the club in national and European competitions.
Individual club record holders, while players of ASVEL. ASVEL players with the most French League championships won, while members of the club. LDLC Official Website Eurobasket.com Team Page Eurocupbasketball.com Team Page
The Pittsburgh Condors were a professional basketball team in the original American Basketball Association. Called the Pittsburgh Pipers, they were a charter franchise of the ABA and captured the first league title; the team played their home games in Pittsburgh's Civic Arena. The Pipers were one of the ABA's inaugural franchises in 1967; the team had great success on the court, posting the league's best record during the regular season and winning the league's first ABA Championship. The Pipers were led by their star player, ABA MVP and future Hall-of-Famer Connie Hawkins, who led the ABA in scoring at 26.8 ppg. The Pipers swept through the 1968 ABA Playoffs and defeated the New Orleans Buccaneers 4 games to 3 to take the title, with Hawkins earning Finals MVP honors; the ABA title remains Pittsburgh's only pro basketball championship. Pittsburgh Pipers vs. Indiana Pacers: Pipers win series 3-0 Game 1 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 146, Indiana 127 Game 2 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 121, Indiana 108 Game 3 @ Indiana: Pittsburgh 133, Indiana 114 Pittsburgh Pipers vs. Minnesota Muskies: Pipers win series 4-1 Game 1 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 125, Minnesota 117 Game 2 @ Pittsburgh: Minnesota 137, Pittsburgh 123 Game 3 @ Minnesota: Pittsburgh 107, Minnesota 99 Game 4 @ Minnesota: Pittsburgh 117, Minnesota 108 Game 5 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 114, Minnesota 105 Pittsburgh Pipers VS.
New Orleans Buccaneers: Pipers win Series 4-3 Game 1 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 120, New Orleans 112 Game 2 @ Pittsburgh: New Orleans 109, Pittsburgh 100 Game 3 @ New Orleans: New Orleans 109, Pittsburgh 101 Game 4 @ New Orleans: Pittsburgh 106, New Orleans 105 Game 5 @ Pittsburgh: New Orleans 111, Pittsburgh 108 Game 6 @ New Orleans: Pittsburgh 118, New Orleans 112 Game 7 @ Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh 122, New Orleans 113 The Pipers shared the Pittsburgh Civic Arena with the city's expansion National Hockey League team, the Pittsburgh Penguins. The Pipers attracted respectable gates by ABA standards, averaging 3,200 fans per game. Despite the championship and strong attendance figures in Pittsburgh, the Pipers franchise left Pittsburgh after their 1968 ABA Championship and moved to Minnesota in 1968, becoming the Minnesota Pipers. Minnesota was left vacant when the Minnesota Muskies had trouble drawing people in the league's first season and moved to Miami to become the Miami Floridians; the ABA league office was based in Minneapolis, so the Pipers moved when a Minneapolis attorney named Bill Erickson bought a majority share of the team.
As with the Muskies, their home arena was Bloomington's Met Center. Despite making the playoffs, the Pipers' attendance settings fared no better than the Muskies and they moved back to Pittsburgh after only one season. In Terry Pluto's book on the ABA, Loose Balls, Pipers co-owner Gabe Rubin says he returned to the Steel City because he couldn't think of anywhere else to go. For the first season back in Pittsburgh the team retained the "Pipers" nickname. However, the team failed to match their previous success and fans stayed away. After the season, Haven Industries, maker of the "Jack Frost" brand of sugar products, bought the team and decided a name change was in order. A "name-the-team" contest yielded the nickname "Pittsburgh Pioneers." However, local NAIA school Point Park College had that nickname and threatened to sue. Ownership resolved the objection by changing the name to "Condors." Jack McMahon took over as coach. John Brisker and Mike Lewis played in the 1971 ABA All-Star Game, but the Condors could only manage a 36-48 record, fifth place in the Eastern Division and out of the playoffs.
While the Condors had a potent offense, they were undone by their defense. Attendance remained poor, with an announced average of 2,806, though some observers close to the team thought the actual average was less than half that. After a slow start, general manager Marty Blake decided to give away every available seat for an early-season game against Florida on November 17; the game attracted the biggest crowd that the team would draw under the Condors name as 11,012 tickets were given out. Ownership was not amused, Blake was fired soon after; the most memorable moment of the season came when Charlie "Helicopter" Hentz destroyed two backboards in a game against the Carolina Cougars. For the next season, Haven tried to change the Condors' image, with a new logo and uniforms, plus a slick marketing campaign. In October, they lured the defending NBA champion Milwaukee Bucks to Pittsburgh for an exhibition game, guaranteeing the Bucks $25,000. A local ad proclaimed "Bring on Alcindor" and that "the ABA-NBA merger is here".
For the Condors, Alcindor—who had changed his name to Kareem Abdul-Jabbar just a few days before the game—was injured and did not play. Only about eight to nine thousand fans showed up, the Condors "took a bath" on the deal—not a good start for the season. After a 4-6 start, general manager Mark Binstein fired McMahon for unknown reasons and named himself head coach; the move backfired disastrously. As the season progressed, attendance dropped below 1,000 fans per game, fueling speculation the Condors would fold before Christmas. While they did manage to survive into the
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
The Carolina Cougars were a basketball franchise in the former American Basketball Association that existed from late 1969 through 1974. The Cougars were a charter member of the ABA as the Houston Mavericks in 1967; the Mavericks moved to North Carolina in late 1969 after two unsuccessful seasons in Houston at the Sam Houston Coliseum. The Carolina Cougars franchise began when future Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina Jim Gardner bought the Houston Mavericks and moved them to North Carolina in 1969. At the time, none of North Carolina's large metropolitan areas--Charlotte, the Piedmont Triad and the Triangle—was large enough to support a professional team on its own. With this in mind, Gardner decided to brand the Cougars as a "regional" team; the Cougars were based in Greensboro and played most of their home games at the Greensboro Coliseum, the state's largest arena at the time. However, some games were played in Charlotte at the Charlotte Coliseum, Raleigh at Dorton Arena and Reynolds Coliseum, in Winston-Salem at the Winston-Salem Memorial Coliseum.
Early on, the Cougars were not successful on the court, posting a 42-42 record in the 1969–70 season, a 34-50 record in 1970–71, a 35-49 record in 1971–72. Only the 1969–70 Cougars managed to make the ABA playoffs but lost in the Eastern Division Semifinals to a much stronger Indiana Pacers team. In spite of this, the Cougars had a good fan following in Greensboro; the 1971–72 team was coached by former NBA All-Star Tom Meschery, who had just retired from 10 years of NBA play with the San Francisco Warriors and the Seattle SuperSonics. Gardner sold the team after one season to Tedd Munchak, who poured significant resources into the team. In 1972–73, the Cougars hired retired ABA players Larry Brown and former Cougar Doug Moe as coaches; the 1972–73 Cougars were talented and featured players Billy Cunningham, Joe Caldwell, Mack Calvin. All three appeared in the ABA All-Star Game that season, Cunningham was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Carolina went on to post a 57-27 record, the best in the ABA.
The Cougars beat the New York Nets in their first-round playoff series 4 games to 1, but lost a close series to the Kentucky Colonels 4 games to 3 in the Eastern Division finals. There were many upset and disappointed fans in Greensboro when the Cougars decided to hold game 7 of the series in Charlotte. Of the 42 scheduled regular season home games, 25 were scheduled for Greensboro while only 12 were played in Charlotte. With Cougar management having the choice of city to play game 7, it mystified its Greensboro area fans with the choice to play such a pivotal game on a less familiar court. Game 7 was hotly contested but Kentucky prevailed, much to Cougar fans dismay. Due to injuries and internal squabbles, the 1973–74 Cougars posted a 47-37 record but was swept in the Eastern Division semifinals 4 games to 0 by the Kentucky Colonels, it turned out to be the Cougars' last season in North Carolina. Although they were moderately successful overall and had one of the most loyal fan bases in the ABA, talks toward an ABA–NBA merger were in the final stages, it had become apparent that a "regional" franchise would not be viable in the NBA.
Although the Charlotte/Greensboro/Raleigh axis was beginning an unprecedented period of growth that still continues to this day, neither city was big enough at the time to support an NBA team on its own. Additionally, several persons quoted in the book Loose Balls by Terry Pluto say the added travel expenses incurred by the regional concept proved insurmountable. Munchak sold the Cougars to a consortium of New York businessmen headed by brothers Ozzie and Daniel Silna, who moved to St. Louis as the Spirits of St. Louis. However, the new owners assembled an entirely new team after moving to St. Louis; the Spirits were one of two teams that lasted until the end of the league but not join the NBA. At the time of the ABA–NBA merger, the Spirits' owners planned to move the team to Salt Lake City, Utah to play as the Utah Rockies. Professional basketball would return to North Carolina in 1988 when the Charlotte Hornets entered the NBA; that franchise moved to New Orleans in 2002. However, Charlotte did receive a new expansion club.
In 2014, one year after the New Orleans Hornets were renamed the New Orleans Pelicans, the Bobcats were renamed the Hornets and inherited the original franchise's records and legacy from its 1988–2002 Charlotte period. Since 2012, the Cougars' uniforms are used by the Bobcats/Hornets under the NBA Hardwood Classics moniker. Note: W = Wins, L = Losses, % = Win–Loss % Remember the ABA: Carolina Cougars Remember the ABA: Carolina Cougars year-to-year rosters
The shooting guard known as the two or off guard, is one of the five traditional positions in a regulation basketball game. A shooting guard's main objective is to steal the ball on defense; some teams ask. A player who can switch between playing shooting guard and small forward is known as a swingman. In the NBA, shooting guards range from 6' 3" to 6' 7" and 5' 9" to 6' 0" in the WNBA; the Basketball Handbook by Lee Rose describes a shooting guard as someone whose primary role is to score points. As the name suggests, most shooting guards are good long-range shooters averaging 35–40 percent from three-point range. Many shooting guards are strong and athletic, have the ability to get inside the paint and drive to the basket. Shooting guards are taller than point guards. Height at the position varies. Shooting guards should be good ball handlers and be able to pass reasonably well, though passing is not their main priority. Since good shooting guards may attract double-teams, they are the team's back-up ball handlers to the point guard and get a fair number of assists.
Shooting guards must be able to score in various ways late in a close game when defenses are tighter. They need to have a good free throw percentage too, to be reliable in close games and to discourage opposing players from fouling; because of the high level of offensive skills shooting guards need, they are a team's primary scoring option, sometimes the offense is built around them. In the NBA, there are some shooting guards referred to as "D" players; the term 3 and D implies that the player is a good 3 point shooter who can play solid defense. The 3 and D player has become important as the game sways to be perimeter oriented. Good shooting guards can play point guard to a certain extent, it is accepted that point guards should have the ball in their hands at most times in the game, but sometimes the shooting guard has a significant enough influence on the team where he or she handles the ball often, to the point where the point guard may be reduced to a backup ball handler or spot-up shooter.
The Basketball Handbook. Lee H. Rose ISBN 0-7360-4906-1 Media related to Shooting guards at Wikimedia Commons