George Clinton (Royal Navy officer)
Admiral of the Fleet The Hon. George Clinton was a Royal Navy officer and politician. Benefiting from the patronage of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, he served as a naval captain during the 1720s and 1730s. Clinton went on to be Governor of the Colony of Newfoundland and Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet and Governor of the Province of New York where he had to deal with the threat of a French attack during King George's War, he could not cope with the liberal politicians of the New York assembly who were led by James De Lancey and resigned in 1753. Clinton served as Member of Parliament for Saltash, a rotten borough in Cornwall, from March 1757 until his death in July 1761. Born the second son of Francis Clinton, 6th Earl of Lincoln, Susan Clinton, Clinton joined the Royal Navy in 1708 during the War of the Spanish Succession. Clinton enjoyed the patronage of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, his sister-in-law's brother, having been promoted to captain on 16 June 1716, he was given command of the fifth-rate HMS Speedwell.
He transferred to the command of the fourth-rate HMS Monck in 1720 and served in the Baltic Sea under Admiral Sir John Norris: the ship was lost during the return journey to England, but Clinton was acquitted at the subsequent court-martial. He was given command of the fourth-rate HMS Nottingham in 1721 and sailed to the Baltic Sea to carry out patrols before returning home again in 1722. After four years of inactivity, Clinton was given command of the fourth-rate HMS Colchester in the Mediterranean Sea in 1726 and saw action escorting merchant shipping, attacking Spanish batteries and blockading the Spanish coast before transferred to the command of the fourth-rate HMS Sunderland in July 1727. In 1732, Clinton was appointed commodore of a squadron of ships, despatched to Newfoundland where he became governor of the colony. In that role he supervised the newly appointed local magistrates and protected the local fishing industry. Clinton took command of the second-rate HMS Namur as flag captain to Admiral Sir Charles Wager in June 1732 and transferred to the command of the third-rate HMS Berwick in the Channel Fleet in 1734.
He went on to be Commodore and Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Fleet in 1736 but, with the War of Jenkins' Ear looming, he stepped down to take command of the third-rate HMS Expedition in 1739 and of the second-rate HMS St Michael in 1740 during the War of the Austrian Succession. In debt, Clinton lobbied the Duke of Newcastle for profitable employment as an American governor: he was appointed Governor of the Province of New York in July 1741 and arrived in New York in September 1743 to take up his position. Promoted to rear-admiral on 10 December 1743 and vice-admiral on 23 June 1744, he sought to protect New York's northern border from attack by the French: however liberal members of the New York assembly resisted his proposals as they wanted to maintain trade links with the French and with the Native Americans who were under French influence. James De Lancey, his main adviser, turned against him and sought to block the governor's salary. Clinton therefore invited Sir William Johnson to take over responsibility for Native American affairs in 1746 and appointed Cadwallader Colden to be his advisor.
Clinton was promoted to full admiral on 15 July 1747. Working with the Mohawk chief Hendrick Theyanoguin, Johnson was able to recruit Mohawk warriors to fight on the side of the British in 1747 during King George's War. After continuing disputes with the assembly over military expenditure and payment of the governor's salary, Clinton resigned as governor in October 1753. Clinton was elected member of parliament for Saltash, a rotten borough in Cornwall, in May 1754. Promoted to Admiral of the Fleet in March 1757, he died on 10 July 1761. Clinton was married to an heiress, Anne Carle: their children included General Sir Henry Clinton, who became a British commander in the American Revolutionary War, Lucy Mary Clinton, who married Admiral Robert Roddam. Clinton was "a distant relative" of Charles Clinton, patriarch of a line of Clintons prominent in New York. George Clinton, as Governor of the Province of New York, politically patronized Charles Clinton and Charles Clinton's eponymous son George Clinton, who would become the first Governor of the State of New York and Vice President of the United States.
Another son of Charles Clinton was James Clinton. Governors of Newfoundland List of people of Newfoundland and Labrador Heathcote, Tony; the British Admirals of the Fleet 1734–1995. Pen & Sword. P. 44. ISBN 0-85052-835-6. Shannon, Timothy J.. Iroquois Diplomacy on the Early American Frontier. New York: Viking. P. 122. ISBN 978-0-670-01897-0. George Clinton papers, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. George Clinton Three decks
George Clinton Jr.
George Clinton was a Representative from New York and served in the Eighth and Tenth Congresses. He was born in New York City on June 6, 1771, was the son of Mary De Witt and James Clinton, a brevet major general in the American Revolutionary War, he was the brother of DeWitt Clinton, the 6th Governor of New York, half-brother of James Graham Clinton a U. S. Representative, he was the nephew of George Clinton, who served as the 1st and 3rd Governor of New York from 1777 to 1795 and the U. S. Vice President from 1805 to 1812, his grandfather was an Anglo-Irish colonel during the French and Indian War. He graduated from Columbia College in 1793, studied law, became an attorney, he was involved in farming and business in New York City and New Windsor, was an incorporator of the Newburgh and Cochecton Turnpike Company. Clinton was an early member of the Tammany Hall organization, including serving as one of its sachems, he was a delegate to the New York State constitutional convention in 1801. In political organizing and at conventions, George Clinton Jr. was a manager and leader of the allies of his uncle George, in opposition to adherents of Aaron Burr as the two groups fought for supremacy in the Democratic-Republican Party.
He served in the New York State Assembly from 1804 to 1805. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives as a Democratic-Republican to fill the vacancy caused when Samuel L. Mitchill resigned to accept election to the United States Senate, he was subsequently elected to two full terms, served from February 14, 1805 to March 3, 1809. While in Congress George Clinton was one of the signers of a document protesting the caucus which nominated James Madison as the candidate of the Democratic-Republicans for President in 1808. In 1801 George Clinton married Hannah Franklin, his wife was the sister of DeWitt Clinton's first wife, Mary Franklin, a descendant of John Bowne and Elizabeth Fones. They had three children: Mary Caroline Clinton, who married Henry Overing Franklin Clinton, who died as a child Julia Matilda Clinton, who first married George C. Tallmadge, she married James Foster Jr. George Clinton died at his home in the Bloomingdale area of New York City on September 16, 1809.
United States Congress. "George Clinton Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
George Clinton (vice president)
George Clinton was an American soldier and statesman, considered one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A prominent Democratic-Republican, Clinton served as the fourth vice president of the United States from 1805 until his death in 1812, he served as governor of New York from 1777 to 1795 and from 1801 to 1804. Along with John C. Calhoun, he is one of two vice presidents to hold office under two presidents. Clinton served in the French and Indian War, rising to the rank of lieutenant in the colonial militia, he served as a district attorney for New York City. He became Governor of New York in 1777 and remained in that office until 1795. Clinton supported the cause of independence during the American Revolutionary War and served in the Continental Army despite his gubernatorial position. During and after the war, Clinton was a major opponent of Vermont's entrance into the union due to disputes over land claims. Opposed to the ratification of the United States Constitution, Clinton became a prominent Anti-Federalist and advocated for the addition of the United States Bill of Rights.
In the early 1790s, he emerged as a leader of the incipient Democratic-Republican Party, Clinton served as the party's vice presidential candidate in the 1792 presidential election. Clinton received the third most electoral votes in the election, as President George Washington and Vice President John Adams both won re-election. Clinton did not seek re-election in 1795, but served as governor again from 1801 to 1804, he was the longest-serving governor in U. S. history until Terry Branstad surpassed his record in 2015. Clinton was again tapped as the Democratic-Republican vice presidential nominee in the 1804 election, as President Thomas Jefferson dumped Aaron Burr from the ticket. Clinton sought his party's presidential nomination in the 1808 election, but the party's congressional nominating caucus instead nominated James Madison. Despite his opposition to Madison, Clinton was re-elected as vice president. Clinton died in 1812, leaving the office of vice president vacant for the first time in U.
S history. Clinton's nephew, DeWitt Clinton, continued the Clinton New York political dynasty after his uncle's death. Clinton was born in 1729 in Province of New York, his parents were Colonel Charles Clinton and Elizabeth Denniston Clinton, Presbyterian immigrants who had left County Longford, Ireland, in 1729 to escape an Anglo-Irish regime that imposed severe disabilities on religious dissenters. His political interests were inspired by his father, a farmer and land speculator, served as a member of the New York colonial assembly. George Clinton was the brother of General James Clinton and the uncle of New York's future governor, DeWitt Clinton. George was tutored by a local Scottish clergyman. During the French and Indian War he first served on the privateer Defiance operating in the Caribbean, before enlisting in the provincial militia, where his father held the rank of Colonel. During the French and Indian War George rose to the rank of Lieutenant, accompanying his father in 1758 on Bradstreet's 1758 seizure of Fort Frontenac, cutting one of the major communication and supply lines between the eastern centres of Montreal and Quebec City and France's western territories.
He and his brother James were instrumental in capturing a French vessel. His father's survey of the New York frontier so impressed the provincial governor that he was offered a position as sheriff of New York City and the surrounding county in 1748. After the elder Clinton declined the honor, the governor designated George as successor to the Clerk of the Ulster County Court of Common Pleas, a position he would assume in 1759 and hold for the next 52 years. After the war, he read law in New York City under the attorney William Smith, he returned home and began his legal practice in 1764. He became district attorney the following year, he was a member of the New York General Assembly for Ulster County from 1768 to 1776, aligned with the anti-British Livingston faction. His brother James was a member of the Provincial Convention that assembled in New York City on April 20, 1775. A month after the first open armed conflict in Lexington, the Continental Congress resolved on May 25, 1775, to build fortifications in the Hudson highlands for the purpose of protecting and maintaining control of the Hudson River.
James Clinton and Christopher Tappan, lifetime residents of the area, were sent to scout appropriate locations. In December 1775 the New York Provincial Congress commissioned him brigadier general in the militia tasked with defending the Highlands of the Hudson River from British attack. To this end he built two forts and stretched a giant chain across the river to keep the British forces in New York City from sailing northward, he was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776 but was absent from it on other duties at the time of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. On March 25, 1777, he was commissioned a brigadier general in the Continental Army. In June 1777, he was elected at Lieutenant Governor of New York, he formally resigned the Lieutenant Governor's office and took the oath of office as Governor on July 30. He was re-elected five times, remaining in office until June 1795. Although he had been elected governor, he retained his commission in the Continental Army and commanded forces at Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery on October 6, 1777.
He remained in the Continental Army until it was disbanded on November 3, 1783. He was known for his hatred of Tories and used the seizure and sale of Tory estates to help keep taxes down. A supporter and friend of George Was
George Clinton (musician)
George Edward Clinton is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. His Parliament-Funkadelic collective developed an influential and eclectic form of Funk music during the 1970s that drew on science-fiction, outlandish fashion, psychedelic culture, surreal humor, he launched a solo career with the 1982 album Computer Games, would go on to influence 1990s hip-hop and G-funk. He is regarded, along with James Brown and Sly Stone, as one of the foremost innovators of funk music, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1997, alongside 15 other members of Parliament-Funkadelic. In 2019, he and Parliament-Funkadelic will be given Grammy Lifetime Achievement Awards. Clinton was born in Kannapolis, North Carolina, grew up in Plainfield, New Jersey, resides in Tallahassee, Florida. During his teen years Clinton formed a doo-wop group inspired by Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers called The Parliaments, while straightening hair at a barber salon in Plainfield; the West End of Plainfield, New Jersey was once home to the Silk Palace, a barbershop at 216 Plainfield Avenue owned in part by Clinton, staffed by various members of Parliament-Funkadelic and known as the "hangout for all the local singers and musicians" in Plainfield's 1950s and 1960s doo-wop, soul and proto-funk music scene.
For a period in the 1960s Clinton was a staff songwriter for Motown. Despite initial commercial failure and one major hit single, as well as arranging and producing scores of singles on many of the independent Detroit soul music labels, The Parliaments found success under the names Parliament and Funkadelic in the 1970s; these two bands combined the elements of musicians such as Jimi Hendrix and the Family Stone, Frank Zappa, James Brown while exploring various sounds and lyricism. Clinton and Parliament-Funkadelic dominated diverse music during the 1970s with over 40 R&B hit singles and three platinum albums. From 1971 to late 1973, Clinton and several other members of the band settled in Toronto. During the years in Toronto, they honed their live show and recorded the album America Eats Its Young, their first to feature Bootsy Collins. Beginning in the early 1980s, Clinton recorded several nominal "solo" albums, although all of these records featured contributions from P-Funk's core musicians, to overcome legal difficulties stemming from complex copyright and trademark issues surrounding the name "Parliament" and Polygram's purchase of that group's former label Casablanca Records.
This period of Clinton's career was marred by multiple legal problems resulting in financial difficulties due to royalty and copyright issues, notably with Bridgeport Music, who Clinton claims fraudulently obtained the copyrights to many of his recordings. In 1982, Clinton signed to Capitol Records under two names: his own as a solo artist, as the P-Funk All-Stars, releasing Computer Games under his own name that same year; the single "Loopzilla" hit the Top 20 on the R&B charts, followed by "Atomic Dog", which reached #1 R&B and #101 on the pop chart. In the next four years, Clinton released three more studio albums as well as a live album, Mothership Connection and charting three singles in the R&B Top 30, "Nubian Nut", "Last Dance", "Do Fries Go with That Shake?". He is a notable music producer who works on all the albums he performs on, has produced albums for Bootsy Collins and Red Hot Chili Peppers, among others. In 1985, he was recruited by the Chili Peppers to produce their album Freaky Styley, because the band members were huge fans of George Clinton's and of funk in general.
Clinton, wrote the vocals and lyrics to the title track, intended by the band to be left as an instrumental piece. The album was not a commercial success at the time, but has since sold 500,000 copies after the Red Hot Chili Peppers became popular years later. During the mid to late 1980's, many hip-hop and rap artists cited Clinton's earlier music as an influence. Along with James Brown, Clinton's songs with Parliament-Funkadelic were sampled by rap producers. "Sure, sample my stuff…" he remarked in 1996. "Ain't a better time. You know. You don't buy as much pussy or drugs with it – you just buy some."In 1989, Clinton released The Cinderella Theory on Paisley Park, Prince's record label. This was followed by Hey Man, Smell My Finger in 1993. Clinton signed with Sony 550 and released T. A. P. O. A. F. O. M. in 1996, having reunited with several former members of Funkadelic. 1994 saw Clinton contribute to several tracks on Primal Scream's studio album Give Out But Don't Give Up. In 1995, Clinton sang "Mind Games" on the John Lennon tribute Working Class Hero.
In the 1990s, Clinton appeared in films such as Graffiti Bridge, House Party, PCU, Good Burger, The Breaks. In 1997, he appeared. Clinton appeared as the voice of The Funktipus, the DJ of the Funk radio station Bounce FM in the 2004 video game, Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas, in which his song "Loopzilla" appeared. Rapper Dr. Dre sampled most of Clinton's beats to create his G-Funk music era. In 1999, Clinton collaborated with Lil' Kim, Fred Durst, Mix Master Mike for Methods of Mayhem's single "Get Naked". Displaying his influence on rap and hip hop, Clinton worked with Tupac Shakur on the song "
77th New York State Legislature
The 77th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 3 to April 17, 1854, during the second year of Horatio Seymour's governorship, in Albany. Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators were elected in single-seat senatorial districts for a two-year term, the whole Senate being renewed biennially; the senatorial districts were made up of entire counties. 128 Assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts to a one-year term, the whole Assembly being renewed annually. The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all in the same county; the City and County of New York was divided into four senatorial districts, 16 Assembly districts. At this time there were two major political parties: the Whig Party; the Democratic Party was split into two factions: the Soft-Shells. In 1848, the Democratic Party had been split into Hunkers; the Barnburners left the party, ran as the Free Soil Party, with presidential candidate Martin Van Buren.
Afterwards the larger part of the Free Soilers re-joined the Democratic Party. During the following years, the Hunkers split over the question of reconciliation with the Barnburners; the Hards were against it. The Softs favored reconciliation with the intention of maintaining enough strength to win the elections. Both Hards and Softs favored a compromise on the slavery question: to maintain the status quo and to leave the decision to the local population in new Territories or States if they want slavery or not, as expressed in the Kansas-Nebraska Act; the Barnburners were against the permission of slavery in new Territories or States, but were now the minority in the party. The small faction of the Free Soil Party which advocated abolition of slavery, ran their own State ticket as the "Free Democratic Party". About this time the Temperance movement began to enter politics to advocate legal and/or political measures to prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages, endorsed candidates of the major parties who favored prohibition.
The New York state election, 1853 was held on November 8. Due to the Democratic split, of the ten statewide elective offices up for election, eight were carried by the Whigs, two by the Democrats; the approximate statewide party strength, as shown by the vote for Secretary of State, was: Whig 160,000. The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 3, 1854. Robert H. Pruyn was elected Speaker with 74 votes against 24 for George De Witt Clinton and 17 for Jonathan C. Collins. On January 20, the Legislature passed "An Act to perfect an amendment of the Constitution, providing means for the completion of the canals of this State". On January 30, Andrew B. Dickinson was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate. On February 15, a special election was held at which the Canal Amendment was ratified by the voters with 185,771 votes For. On April 4, the Legislature elected Victor M. Rice as the first State Superintendent of Public Instruction; the asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
James H. Hutchins changed from the Assembly to the Senate. Clerk: Hugh J. Hastings Sergeant-at-Arms: Joseph Garlinghouse Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: Hiram M. Eaton Doorkeeper: Samuel R. Tuell Assistant Doorkeeper: Almond Becker The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature. Party affiliations follow the vote on Speaker. Clerk: Richard U. Sherman Deputy Clerk: Loren B. Sessions Sergeant-at-Arms: Silas D. Nicholas Doorkeeper: John Davis First Assistant Doorkeeper: Byron Ellsworth Second Assistant Doorkeeper: John Lewis The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough STATE ELECTION.
George W. Clinton
Hon. George William Clinton was a New York lawyer, judge and amateur naturalist, he served as Mayor of Buffalo, New York from 1842 to 1843. Clinton was born on April 21, 1807 in New York City to Maria Franklin and DeWitt Clinton, while the latter was serving as Mayor of New York City, his father became a U. S. Senator and the 6th Governor of New York, he was the grandson of Major-General James Clinton, grandnephew of George Clinton, the 4th U. S. Vice President, nephew of George Clinton, Jr. a U. S. Representative, James G. Clinton a member of the House of Representatives. Clinton grew up in Albany, New York, attended The Albany Academy, he graduated from Hamilton College in 1825 and Norwich University in 1827, was a member of Phi Beta Kappa. In 1828, he attended the Litchfield Law School, completed his legal studies with Judge Ambrose Spencer, was admitted to the bar in 1831. Clinton practiced law in Albany with Matthew Henry Webster and in 1832 formed a partnership with the son of his legal mentor, John Canfield Spencer, who became the 17th United States Secretary of War and 16th United States Secretary of the Treasury in Canandaigua, New York.
He served as the District Attorney of Ontario County from 1835 to 1836. In 1836, he moved to Buffalo and settled on the north side of East Mohawk Street between Washington and Ellicott Streets; the same year he organized the local Democratic Party with 20 or so other citizens. On March 22, 1838, he was appointed Collector of Customs at Buffalo by U. S. President Martin Van Buren. Clinton served in this role until 1842. In March of that same year, Clinton was elected Mayor of Buffalo by a nearly unanimous vote. Although a Democrat, his election was unique in. During his term the City Charter was revised. On March 14, 1843, he presided over his last council meeting. Clinton was appointed as United States Attorney for the Northern District of New York under President James K. Polk, served from 1847 to 1850. From 1854 to 1878 he was Judge of Buffalo's Superior Court, his legal writings included the three volume Digest of the Decisions of the Law and Equity Courts of the State of New York. In 1867, he was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention.
In 1856, he was appointed a Regent of the University of the State of New York. He served until his death, attained the position of Vice Chancellor of the board. In 1882, he moved to Albany to become editor of the Clinton Papers, a collection left by his granduncle George Clinton. Clinton was one of the organizers of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, founded on December 5, 1861, he was chosen its first president, served for 20 years in that role. He was an amateur naturalist, published 1882's Catalogue of the Native and Naturalized Plants of the City of Buffalo and its Vicinity. On May 15, 1832 he married Laura Catherine Spencer, the daughter of John Canfield Spencer, his former law partner, their children included: De Witt Clinton Charles Clinton Elizabeth Spencer Clinton, who married Henry L. Clinton, a prominent New York lawyer. Spencer Clinton, an attorney in Buffalo, who married Sarah Riley, daughter of William A. Riley and Frances A. Stillman, in 1870. After her death, he married her sister, Carrie Riley, in 1895, he married a third time to Cora Caldwell.
Catharine Clinton, who married Albert J. Wheeler, president of the Western Savings Bank and Wheeler-Monarch Elevator Company. Minnie Natalie Clinton, who married Abram H. Baldwin George Clinton, an attorney in Buffalo, married Alice Thornton, daughter of Thomas F. Thornton and Jane Parker, he died on September 1885 while walking through Albany Rural Cemetery in Menands. He was laid to rest in Forest Lawn Cemetery after a service at St. Paul's Cathedral, still clutching the clover he was holding when he died. In 1864, Clinton was awarded the honorary degree of LL. D. by Hamilton College. Through The Mayors' Eyes by Michael Rizzo George W. Clinton in Scientific Papers of Asa Gray: Essays.