Jim McMillan (speedway rider)
James Dunn Templeton McMillan, better known as Jim McMillan or Jimmy McMillan, is a retired Scottish motorcycle speedway rider. Born in Glasgow, McMillan worked as a sheet metal worker and took up speedway at the training school at Cowdenbeath in early 1966, following in the footsteps of two of his uncles who were speedway riders - Doug Templeton and Willie Templeton; that year he broke into the Glasgow team in the British League and went on to average 3.54 points from thirteen matches. He rode more in 1967 and added over a point to his average, he continued to progress in 1968, raising his average to 8.31, with three full maximum scores during the season. This led to his selection for the Great Britain team in the test series against Sweden, for the British Lions team that toured Australia in the Winter of 1968/1969, he went on to represent the British Lions 41 times, Great Britain 16 times, Scotland in 31 matches. In both the 1969 and 1970 seasons he averaged over ten points per match, he captained the Tigers team.
In 1972 he rode as a reserve in the World Final. After moving with the team to Coatbridge in 1973, he moved to Hull Vikings the following year and after two successful seasons for the club moved on to Wolverhampton Wolves in 1976, going on to ride for the team for five years. In 1981 he signed for Belle Vue Aces. With his average down to 5.44 at the end of the 1982 season he dropped down to the National League with Glasgow, averaging 9.85 in the lower division. Three seasons followed with Berwick Bandits. McMillan rode in the British League Riders' Championship five times between 1969 and 1974, his best finish a third place in 1971; as well as riding in British speedway, McMillan rode in New Zealand, Norway, Denmark, the United States, Australia, where he finished as runner-up in the Queensland Championship in 1969/70. After retiring from the sport, McMillan worked as a machine examiner and a Technical Adviser to the Speedway Control Bureau. 1972 - London, Wembley Stadium - Reserve - 2pts 1970 - Malmö, Malmö Stadion - 4th - 18pts 1971 - Rybnik, Rybnik Municipal Stadium - 5th - 16pts 1976 - Eskilstuna, Eskilstuna Motorstadion - 6th - 12pts
The Oxford Cheetahs were a British speedway team based at Oxford Stadium, in Oxford, England. They were founded in 1949 and were five times champions of Britain, in 1964, 1985, 1986, 1989 and 2001; the club folded in 2007. Throughout their history they ran under two other names, from 1972 to 1975, they were known as Oxford Rebels and from 2003 to 2005, they were known as Oxford Silver Machine, they ran junior sides known as the Oxford Cubs, Oxford Silver Machine Academy and Oxford Lions. In 1949 they joined the 1949 Speedway National League Division Three finishing in last place during their inaugural season using 24 different riders; the following season they won the division and were promoted to Division two in 1951. After finishing bottom of the division two in 1952 they rode in the third division called the Southern League in 1953 but following a league restructure returned to division two in 1954. Following a league merger the Cheetahs rode in the top tier for the first time in 1957. After struggling in the top division for several years they won the top tier league for the first time in 1964 despite finishing last the season before with many of the same riders.
The winning team consisted of Arne Pander, Colin Gooddy, Colin McKee, Danny Dunton, Eddie Reeves, George Major, Jack Geran, Jimmy Gooch, John Bishop, Ron How and Ronnie Genz. They completed a treble by winning the National Trophy and Britannia Shield; the team failed to emulate the success in the following seasons finishing mid-table for the next 7 years. From 1972 to 1975, they were known as Oxford Rebels under promoters Danny Bob Dugard. Following the threat of track closure the promoters started a new team at White City called the White City Rebels leaving Oxford with no team or riders. A new Oxford team were formed and entered division two, they took back the name Cheetahs with new promoters Harry Bastable and Tony Allsop after a committee of fans had created a "Save Our Stadium" campaign over the previous winter; the team competed for eight years in the division. The golden period of Oxford speedway started in 1984; the stadium owners Northern Sports, headed by David Hawkins, invested into the stadium with a £1.5 million three tier grandstand restaurant and sports centre.
Hawkins installed Bernard Crapper and John Payne as speedway co-promoters and the team were entered for the 1984 British League season, with a new team that included Danish international Hans Nielsen and Simon Wigg. The team were champions of Britain in 1985, 1986 and 1989. In addition they won two British League Knockout Cups, a League Cup and Gold Cup and paraded through Oxford on an open top bus. Northern Sports parent company Hawkins of Harrow began to run into financial trouble and the team suffered lack of investment, Hans Nielsen left and the team applied to and raced in division two, they won the division two fours championship in 1994. Northern Sports were liquidated. Additionally in 1995 and 1996 there was only one division of British speedway meaning the Oxford Cheetahs returned to the top division under independent promoters. Another league restructure resulted in a new Elite League with the Premier League becoming division two, Oxford competed in the latter; the team competed in the Elite League under new promotion from 1998 and in 2001 won their fifth top tier title.
The team consisted of Aleš Dryml Jr. Andrew Appleton, Brian Andersen, Davey Watt, Leigh Adams, Lukáš Dryml, Steve Johnston and Todd Wiltshire and was promoted by Steve Purchase; the Oxford Cheetahs were renamed for three seasons as the Oxford Silver Machine under the promotion of Nigel Wagstaff. In 2006 they reverted to their original name, apt because it was their final full season as a top tier speedway team; until 30 May 2007, they rode in the Elite League and operated a junior side known as the Oxford Lions which competed in the Conference League. In a statement issued by the British Speedway Promoters Association on 31 May 2007, their owner Colin Horton closed the club as a result of only 400–500 regular supporters attending home fixtures, losing several thousand pounds every week. In June 2007, businessman Allen Trump invested in the club to secure the lease on the track and the Cheetahs completed the 2007 season in the Conference League, replacing the Lions. After the 2007 season, owner Allen Trump planned to bring the Cheetahs back into the Premier League for 2008.
However, Trump was unable to secure a deal with landlords, the Greyhound Racing Association to continue speedway racing at the Cowley stadium and handed the promotion back to the BSPA. During the summer of 2008 Nick Andrews was granted permission to organise Conference League challenge fixtures featuring a touring side of ex-Oxford riders with a view to entering the team in the Premier League in 2009. Negotiations with the GRA were again unsuccessful and speedway did not return to Oxford. Despite having no league speedway, there are still a number of committed fans keen to see the return of speedway to Oxford. Two supporters groups, the Oxford Speedway Supporters Club and Save Oxford Speedway hold regular events and trips for Oxford fans and campaign for the return of speedway to Oxford. + Elite League side withdrew from league List of United Kingdom Speedway League Champions Knockout Cup Oxford Cheetahs official website Oxford Speedway Supporters Club Website
The Edinburgh Monarchs are a Scottish Speedway team based in Armadale. They compete in the SGB Championship; the club is run by a Board of Directors, chaired by Alex Harkess. The club was founded in 1928 and operated at Marine Gardens, Portobello in 1929, 1930, 1931, 1938 and 1939. A few team matches were staged in 1929 and an Edinburgh team competed in the Northern League in 1930; the Edinburgh team of 1938 and 1939 was known as The Thistles and they staged a number of challenge matches. After the war, Marine Gardens was not available and the potential of Old Meadowbank the home of Leith Athletic F. C. was said to have been spotted by Ian Hoskins. The Monarchs were re-established in 1948 by a consortium including Frank Varey, ex-rider and Sheffield promoter, R. L. Rae, a local Edinburgh businessman; the team operated at Old Meadowbank 1948 in the National League Second Division until midway through 1954. The team finished at the bottom of the league in 1948 but improved to a best place of third before closure in 1954.
Under its promoter Ian Hoskins from 1960 until 1964 the Monarchs raced in the Provincial League and were founder members of the British League that ran from 1965 to 1967. The track was used for practice sessions between 1957 - 1959. Old Meadowbank Stadium had been purchased by the City of Edinburgh Council from Leith Athletic in 1956. Following their successful bid to host the 1970 Commonwealth Games they decided to redevelop the site of the stadium and surrounding area; the Monarchs were evicted as Speedway was not incorporated into the new Meadowbank Stadium plans due to the government of the day refusing to fund stadia which would be used by professional sports. The new stadium sits west of Old Meadowbank on the site of the old running track known as New Meadowbank; the team moved en bloc to a new track at Cliftonhill and operated as the Coatbridge Monarchs for the 1968 and 1969 seasons before the track licence was sold to Wembley. Speedway returned to Edinburgh in 1977, with the Monarchs racing at Powderhall Stadium from 1977 until 1995.
During the 1995 season, the company operating Powderhall ran into financial difficulty, the stadium was sold to a housing company for redevelopment. This meant. In 1996, the Monarchs' rivals Glasgow Tigers closed down, so with a stadium not in use in Glasgow, the Monarchs without a home in Edinburgh, the Monarchs' moved to Shawfield Stadium, Glasgow to form the Scottish Monarchs. Many Tigers fans refused to support what they saw as a team of old rivals, although Monarchs fans travelled through to Glasgow, crowd numbers soon fell. In 1997, the Monarchs left Glasgow after gaining permission to operate at Armadale Stadium, where they continue to operate to this day; the Monarchs have won the Premier League championship five times in their history, in 2003 again in 2008 in 2010, in 2014, once more in 2015. Edinburgh took part in the first Premier League Promotion Play off in 2008 when they faced Wolverhampton. Although they put up a valiant fight, they lost the tie on aggregate. Despite finishing runners up in 2009 they faced Belle Vue in the Premier League Promotion Play off losing both legs.
Recent plans of the supermarket chain Sainsburys to redevelop Armadale Stadium fell through after the planning application was rejected. Edinburgh secured another Premier League title in their third in seven years; the Championship was secured by winning away at Stoke's Loomer Road track, with Edinburgh riders Ryan Fisher and Kevin Wölbert going through the card unbeaten. The Monarchs lost out on another League Championship in 2013 losing narrowly to winners Somerset, though took some consolation by securing the Premier League Fours; the 2014 Monarchs had a successful season winning the Premier League Cup, the Knock Out Cup and the Premier League. Sam Masters and Max Fricke won the Premier League Pairs Trophy; the 2015 Monarchs topped their qualifying section in the League Cup before seeing off Ipswich in the semi finals to progress on to defeat Glasgow on aggregate in the Final. They just missed out on the KO Cup to Somerset, however made up for this by securing the Premier League Fours; the Monarchs topped the Premier League after the regular season and went on to retain their title with another aggregate victory over Glasgow in the Premier League Championship Final.
Ricky Wells Erik Riss Richie Worrall Victor Palovaara Josh Pickering Joel Andersson William Lawson Also Rode Matt Williamson Fernando Garcia Mark Riss Max Ruml Max Clegg Sam Masters Ricky Wells Erik Riss Josh Pickering Max Clegg Mark Riss Mitchell Davey Kevin Wolbert Max Clegg Erik Riss Sam Masters Mark Riss Ryan Fisher Daniel Bewley Also rode Jye Ethridge Craig Cook Sam Masters Justin Sedgmen Max Clegg Kevin Wolbert Robert Branford Erik Riss Derek Sneddon Craig Cook Max Fricke Justin Sedgmen Sam Masters Steve Worrall Aaron Fox Derek Sneddon Craig Cook Theo Pijper Jozsef Tabaka Max Fricke Claus Vissing Mitchell Davey Also rode Marcel Helfer Signed but failed to obtain necessary paperwork Sam Masters Derek Sneddon Andrew Tully Matthew Wethers Craig Cook Theo Pijper Jozsef Tabaka Marcel Helfer Also Rode Charles Wright Micky Dyer Kevin Wölbert Kalle Katajisto Andrew Tully Matthew Wethers Craig Cook Kyle Howarth Tim Webster Also rode Ashley Morris Jay Herne Lee Dicken Kevin Wölbert Ryan Fisher Kalle Katajisto Andrew Tully Matthew Wethers William Lawson Ashley M
Ladybank is a town and former burgh of Fife, Scotland. It is about 62 kilometres north of Edinburgh, 8 kilometres southwest of Cupar, close to the River Eden, its 2006 population was estimated at 1,582. Before the 18th century, this area was marshland. In 1247 Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester granted the monks of Lindores Abbey the right to cut peat from a peat-moss called Monegre, to which monks gave the name Our Lady's Bog. Over time this name was shortened to Ladybog; when the Edinburgh and Northern Railway was constructed in the 1840s, a junction was built here with lines heading towards Perth and Dundee. An engine depot and a railway station were constructed at the junction; the station was named'Ladybank Station' rather than'Ladybog Station', the village that developed around the station took the name Ladybank. The Fife and Kinross Railway, which opened in 1857, used Ladybank as its eastern terminus further increasing the importance of the station. Ladybank railway station remains unaltered, may be the oldest unaltered station in Scotland.
The village became a burgh in 1878, became an industrial centre, with linen weaving, coal mining, malting the principal industries. Local issues in Ladybank are governed by the District Community Council, it is in the Howe of Tay Coast ward of Fife Council. It is part of the North East Fife Scottish Parliament constituency and the North East Fife United Kingdom Parliament constituency. Ladybank is located about 37 kilometres north of Edinburgh, 23 kilometres southwest of Dundee, 24 kilometres southeast of Perth, it is at OS grid reference about 45 metres above mean sea level. It is situated in the Howe of Fife, a narrow low-lying plain that follows the course of the River Eden, known for its agriculture. At the time of the United Kingdom 2001 Census the population of Ladybank was 1,487 people; the racial composition of Ladybank's population was 99.6% white, 0.13% Asian, 0.13% black, 0.13% mixed or other race. Below is a table outlining population change of Ladybank burgh since 1901. Ladybank Parish Church was constructed in 1874 -- 76 by architects Kinnear.
Ladybank golf course was founded in a six-hole course designed by Old Tom Morris. The course was expanded to 18 holes in 1961 and has been used as a qualifier for The Open Championship; the main road transport route through Ladybank is the A92, which runs along the western edge of the town connecting with Dundee to the north and the M90 motorway to the south. Ladybank railway station is a mainline railway station with regular service operated by Abellio ScotRail between Edinburgh and Dundee/Perth. Ladybank School, constructed in the 1890s, is a primary school, it serves Ladybank and the outlying hamlets of Edenstown and Giffordtown, is attended by 138 children, who are split into six classes. There are no secondary schools in the town. Ladybank community web portal
Poland the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With a population of 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin. Poland is bordered by the Baltic Sea, Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and Lithuania to the north and Ukraine to the east and Czech Republic, to the south, Germany to the west; the establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to AD 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin; this union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.
More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens, including 90% of the country's Jews, perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic. Poland is regional power, it has the fifth largest economy by GDP in the European Union and one of the most dynamic economies in the world achieving a high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with high standards of living, life quality, safety and economic freedom.
Having a developed school educational system, the country provides free university education, state-funded social security, a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, the Visegrád Group; the origin of the name "Poland" derives from the West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta river basin of the historic Greater Poland region starting in the 6th century. The origin of the name "Polanie" itself derives from the early Slavic word "pole". In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish, the exonym for Poland is Lechites, which derives from the name of a semi-legendary ruler of Polans, Lech I. Early Bronze Age in Poland begun around 2400 BC, while the Iron Age commenced in 750 BC. During this time, the Lusatian culture, spanning both the Bronze and Iron Ages, became prominent; the most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, around 700 BC.
Throughout the Antiquity period, many distinct ancient ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland in an era that dates from about 400 BC to 500 AD. These groups are identified as Celtic, Slavic and Germanic tribes. Recent archeological findings in the Kujawy region, confirmed the presence of the Roman Legions on the territory of Poland; these were most expeditionary missions sent out to protect the amber trade. The exact time and routes of the original migration and settlement of Slavic peoples lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented; the Slavic tribes who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD. Up until the creation of Mieszko's state and his subsequent conversion to Christianity in 966 AD, the main religion of Slavic tribes that inhabited the geographical area of present-day Poland was Slavic paganism. With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the religious authority of the Roman Church.
However, the transition from paganism was not a smooth and instantaneous process for the rest of the population as evident from the pagan reaction of the 1030s. Poland began to form into a recognizable unitary and territorial entity around the middle of the 10th century under the Piast dynasty. Poland's first documented ruler, Mieszko I, accepted Christianity with the Baptism of Poland in 966, as the new official religion of his subjects; the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next few centuries. In 1000, Boleslaw the Brave, continuing the policy of his father Mieszko, held a Congress of Gniezno and created the metropolis of Gniezno and the dioceses of Kraków, Kołobrzeg, Wrocław. However, the pagan unrest led to the transfer of the capital to Kraków in 1038 by Casimir I the Restorer. In 1109, Prince Bolesław III Wrymouth defeated the King of Germany Henry V at the Battle of Hundsfeld, stopping the Ge
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
The Wolverhampton Wolves are a British speedway team based in Wolverhampton, England. They are sponsored by Parry's International Travel, have signed a new deal with owner Dave Parry for the 2008 season onwards; the team is managed by Peter Adams and the promoter of the club is Chris Van Straaten. They were the Sky Sports Elite League Champions in 2002; the Wolverhmapton Wolves regained the Champion status in the 2009 season, beating the Swindon Robins 95-90 on aggregate in the 2009 play-offs. Their most recent title success happened in 2016 beating the top of the table finishing Belle Vue Aces. After winning by an 18-point margin at home in the first leg by beating the Belle Vue Aces 54-36, the second leg was a win for Belle Vue of 50-42 meaning victory for the Wolves by a 10-point margin with the aggregate scores 96-86; the club was founded in 1928 racing at Monmore Green, after a brief flirtation with speedway, saw its last pre-war meeting in 1930. It was 20 years that the sport returned to the town.
During 1948 and the post-war optimism, record crowds were attending speedway events up and down the country. With towns keen to cash in on the boom, Wolverhampton's stadium owners applied to the local council for a track to be re-built at the original site. Australian Arthur Simcock set the ball rolling and was granted permission to promote speedway in Wolverhampton and his dream came true on 14 October 1950; the first to test the new track were some visiting Norwich riders, en route to a meeting. They declared themselves satisfied. Once again founded in 1951, known as the Wolverhampton Wasps, the racing keen fans saw a Wolverhampton team defeat Sheffield 58-26. With all parties happy, Wolverhampton were admitted into Division Three of the National League of the same year; however the winter of 1952/3 was a tumultuous one for speedway in the Black Country. Cradley Heath had endured a tough season in the Second Division, but meanwhile Wolverhampton had enjoyed a solid Third Division campaign. Due to the events at Cradley, a merger took place between the two promotions and saw a new formed team racing in the Second Division at Monmore Green..
Wolverhampton were pleased with this'promotion' and saw the only meeting where supporters had been'locked out'. It was reported 12,000 fans turned up with many more scaling the walls; the first meeting against Stoke in their new form saw the Potters demolished 52-32. This was however short lived and the side was thumped home and away in the early part of the 1954 season. A decision was made by the promotion and in early May of the same year, Wolverhampton closed its doors to speedway, it wasn't until 1961. Since 1965 Wolverhampton have competed in the top tier of British speedway with the exception of 1981 and 1982/3. Today, they race in the Elite League with a 15-heat formula. On the 10th August 2015 Swindon Robins rider Darcy Ward broke the track record time held by Tai Woffinden. Darcy's new record time 53.45 seconds. On the 29th August 2016 Niels-Kristian Iversen broke the track record again with a time of 52.69 seconds. Wolves host the Olympique annually; the current holder is Jacob Thorssell