St. Clair's Defeat
It was one of the worst defeats, in percentage of casualties, suffered by the United States Army. It was the largest victory ever won by American Indians, the American Indians were led by Little Turtle of the Miamis, Blue Jacket of the Shawnees and Buckongahelas of the Delawares. The war party numbered more than one thousand warriors, including a number of Potawatomis from eastern Michigan. The opposing force of about 1,000 Americans was led by General Arthur St. Clair, the forces of the American Indian confederacy attacked at dawn, taking St. Clairs men by surprise. Of the 1,000 officers and men that St. Clair led into battle, as a result, President George Washington forced St. Clair to resign his post and Congress initiated its first investigation of the executive branch. The 1783 Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolutionary War, recognized United States sovereignty of all the land east of the Mississippi River and this plan necessarily called for the removal of both Native American villages and squatters.
A force of 1,453 men under Brigadier General Josiah Harmar marched northwards from Fort Washington on the Ohio River at 10,00 a. m. on October 7,1790. On October 22, near present-day Fort Wayne, Harmar committed only 400 of his men under Col. John Hardin to attack an Indian force of some 1,100 warriors. When a courier informed Harmar of the size of the enemy force, had he supported Colonel Hardin with the other 800-900 men, the Indian force might have been defeated. Instead, Harmar formed his portion of the army into a defensive square. Hardin, expecting reinforcements, put up a fight for three hours, fell back to the main armys encampment and Harmar ordered a retreat back to Ft. Washington. At least 129 of Hardins soldiers were killed in action and another 94 wounded, estimates of total Indian casualties and wounded, range from 120 to 150. Congress agreed to raise a regiment of Regular soldiers for six months. The demoralized First Regiment was soon reduced to 299 soldiers, while the new Second Regiment was only able to recruit half of their authorized soldiers, St.
Clair was forced to augment his Army with Kentucky militia as well as two regiments of six-month levies. The new recruits were trained and disciplined, the food supplies substandard. The expedition thus failed to set out until October 1791, building supply posts as it advanced, the Armys objective was the town of Kekionga, the capital of the Miami tribe, near present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana. The Army under St. Clair included 600 regulars,800 six-month conscripts, and 600 militia at its peak, desertion took its toll and when the force finally got underway, it had dwindled to around 1,486 total men and some 200-250 camp followers. Going was slow and discipline problems were severe, St. Clair, suffering from gout, had difficulty maintaining order, especially among the militia, the force was constantly shadowed by Indians and skirmishes occasionally erupted
Battle of Frenchtown
The Battles of Frenchtown, known as the Battle of the River Raisin and the River Raisin Massacre, was a series of conflicts that took place from January 18–23,1813 during the War of 1812. It was fought between the United States and a British and Native American alliance near the River Raisin in Frenchtown, the battle on January 22 had the highest number of fatalities of any battle during this war. On January 18,1813 the Americans forced the retreat of the British and their Native American allies from Frenchtown, the movement was part of a larger United States plan to advance north and retake Fort Detroit, following its loss in the Siege of Detroit the previous summer. Despite this initial success, the British and Native Americans rallied and launched a counterattack four days on January 22. Ill-prepared, the Americans lost 397 soldiers in this battle, while 547 were taken prisoner. Dozens of wounded prisoners were murdered the day in a massacre by the Native Americans. More prisoners were killed if they could not keep up on the march to Fort Malden.
This was the deadliest conflict recorded on Michigan soil, and the casualties included the highest number of Americans killed in a battle during the War of 1812. Parts of the battlefield were designated as a state historic park. In 2009 Congress authorized its upgrade into the River Raisin National Battlefield Park, one of four parks in the nation. The Battle of Frenchtown took place in Frenchtown township in the Michigan Territory, much of the land it was fought on is now incorporated into the city of Monroe. The plural Battles of Frenchtown is used for the conflict from January 18 through 22. While the battle began on January 18, the heaviest fighting took place on January 22 and it is often referred to as the Battle of the River Raisin, because of its proximity to that river. The engagement may be divided into the First Battle of the River Raisin, the name River Raisin Massacre is used for the events of January 23, the day after the surrender, when pro-British Indians murdered dozens of wounded United States prisoners.
These volunteer soldiers from Kentucky were too badly injured to march overland to Canada, on August 17,1812, Brigadier General William Hull, commanding the American Army of the Northwest, surrendered his troops and Fort Detroit to the British army following the Siege of Detroit. This early success convinced many Native Americans to side with Britain in the war, General Hull was tried by a military court and sentenced to death for his disgraceful conduct at Detroit. However, President James Madison commuted the sentence to dismissal from the army in recognition of Hulls honorable service during the American Revolution, at that time, Fort Detroit was a strategic outpost and a potential base for any US invasion of British Upper Canada. Its loss to the British gave them a base to increase their presence in the Michigan Territory, when the British captured Detroit, the Frenchtown militia surrendered and were disarmed
The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. Established by a resolution of the Congress on June 14,1775, the Continental Army was supplemented by local militias and troops that remained under control of the individual states or were otherwise independent. General George Washington was the commander-in-chief of the army throughout the war, most of the Continental Army was disbanded in 1783 after the Treaty of Paris ended the war. The 1st and 2nd Regiments went on to form the nucleus of the Legion of the United States in 1792 under General Anthony Wayne and this became the foundation of the United States Army in 1796. The Continental Army consisted of soldiers from all 13 colonies, and after 1776, when the American Revolutionary War began at the Battles of Lexington and Concord on April 19,1775, the colonial revolutionaries did not have an army. As tensions with Great Britain increased in the leading to the war.
Training of militiamen increased after the passage of the Intolerable Acts in 1774, colonists such as Richard Henry Lee proposed forming a national militia force, but the First Continental Congress rejected the idea. On April 23,1775, the Massachusetts Provincial Congress authorized the raising of an army consisting of 26 company regiments. New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut soon raised similar, on July 18,1775, the Congress requested all colonies form militia companies from all able bodied effective men, between sixteen and fifty years of age. It was not uncommon for men younger than sixteen to enlist as most colonies had no requirement of consent for those under twenty-one. Four major-generals and eight brigadier-generals were appointed by the Second Continental Congress in the course of a few days, after Pomeroy did not accept, John Thomas was appointed in his place. As the Continental Congress increasingly adopted the responsibilities and posture of a legislature for a sovereign state, as a result, the army went through several distinct phases, characterized by official dissolution and reorganization of units.
Soldiers in the Continental Army were citizens who had volunteered to serve in the army, early in the war the enlistment periods were short, as the Continental Congress feared the possibility of the Continental Army evolving into a permanent army. The army never numbered more than 17,000 men, turnover proved a constant problem, particularly in the winter of 1776–77, and longer enlistments were approved. Major General Philip Schuylers ten regiments in New York were sent to invade Canada, the Continental Army of 1776, reorganized after the initial enlistment period of the soldiers in the 1775 army had expired. Despite attempts to broaden the recruiting base beyond New England, the 1776 army remained skewed toward the Northeast both in terms of its composition and of its geographical focus. This army consisted of 36 regiments, most standardized to a battalion of 768 men strong and formed into eight companies. Enlistment terms extended to three years or to the length of the war to avoid the crises that depleted forces
President of the United States
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president directs the executive branch of the government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is considered to be one of the worlds most powerful political figures, the role includes being the commander-in-chief of the worlds most expensive military with the second largest nuclear arsenal and leading the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP. The office of President holds significant hard and soft power both in the United States and abroad, Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The president is empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves. The president is responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of the party to which the president is a member. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States, since the office of President was established in 1789, its power has grown substantially, as has the power of the federal government as a whole.
However, nine vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having elected to the office. The Twenty-second Amendment prohibits anyone from being elected president for a third term, in all,44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. On January 20,2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th, in 1776, the Thirteen Colonies, acting through the Second Continental Congress, declared political independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution. The new states, though independent of each other as nation states, desiring to avoid anything that remotely resembled a monarchy, Congress negotiated the Articles of Confederation to establish a weak alliance between the states. Out from under any monarchy, the states assigned some formerly royal prerogatives to Congress, only after all the states agreed to a resolution settling competing western land claims did the Articles take effect on March 1,1781, when Maryland became the final state to ratify them.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies, with peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. Prospects for the convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washingtons attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. It was through the negotiations at Philadelphia that the presidency framed in the U. S. The first power the Constitution confers upon the president is the veto, the Presentment Clause requires any bill passed by Congress to be presented to the president before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options, Sign the legislation, the bill becomes law. Veto the legislation and return it to Congress, expressing any objections, in this instance, the president neither signs nor vetoes the legislation
Governor of Kentucky
The Governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky is the head of the executive branch of government in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Fifty-seven men and one woman have served as Governor of Kentucky, the governors term is four years in length, since 1992, incumbents have been able to seek re-election once before becoming ineligible for four years. Throughout the states history, four men have served two terms as governor, and two others have served two consecutive terms. Kentucky is one of only five U. S. states that hold gubernatorial elections in odd-numbered years immediately before the United States Presidential Election, the current governor is Matt Bevin, who was first elected in 2015. The governors powers are enumerated in the state constitution, there have been four constitutions of Kentucky—adopted in 1792,1799,1850, and 1891, respectively—and each has enlarged the governors authority. Among the powers appropriated to the governor in the constitution are the ability to grant pardons, veto legislation, the governor serves as commander-in-chief of the states military forces and is empowered to enforce all laws of the state.
Because Kentuckys governor controls so many appointments to commissions, the office has been considered one of the most powerful state executive positions in the United States. The history of the office of Governor is largely one of long periods of domination by a single party, Federalists were rare among Kentuckians during the period of the First Party System, and Democratic Republicans won every gubernatorial election in the state until 1828. The Second Party System began when the Democratic-Republicans split into Jacksonian Democrats, beginning with the election of Thomas Metcalfe in 1828, the Whigs dominated the governorship until 1851, with John Breathitt being the only Democrat elected during that period. Since 1931, only four Republicans have served as governor of Kentucky, current governor Matt Bevin, in all four Kentucky constitutions, the first power enumerated to the governor is to serve as commander-in-chief of the states militia and military forces. In 1799, a stipulation was added that the governor would not personally lead troops on the battlefield unless advised to do so by a resolution of the General Assembly.
Such a case occurred in 1813 when Governor Isaac Shelby, a veteran of the Revolutionary War, was asked to lead a band of Kentucky troops to aid William Henry Harrison at the Battle of the Thames. For his service, Shelby received the Thanks of Congress and the Congressional Gold Medal, the 1891 constitution further required that, with each application for a pardon, the governor file a statement of the reasons for his decision thereon, which. Shall always be open to public inspection and this requirement was first proposed by a delegate to the 1850 constitutional convention, but it was rejected at that time. The power of the governor to adjourn the General Assembly for a period of up to four months if the two houses cannot agree on a time to adjourn appears in all four constitutions, the governor is empowered to convene the General Assembly on extraordinary occasions. This was an important provision in the days of the Commonwealth. Taylor claimed a state of insurrection existed in the capital, the 1891 constitution added a provision that the governor must specify the reason for any specially-called legislative session, and that no other business could be considered during the session.
There is, however, no requirement that the legislature conduct any business during the called session
Paris is a home rule-class city in Bourbon County, Kentucky, in the United States. It lies 18 miles northeast of Lexington on the Stoner Fork of the Licking River and it is the seat of its county and forms part of the Lexington–Fayette Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 8,553, Joseph Houston settled a station in the area in 1776, but was forced to relocate due to prior land grants. In 1789, the town was established as Hopewell after Hopewell, New Jersey. The next year it was renamed Paris after the French capital to match its county, among the early settlers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries were French refugees who had fled the excesses of their own revolution. One Frenchman was noted in a 19th-century state history as having come from Calcutta, via Bengal, the post office was briefly known as Bourbontown or Bourbonton in the early 19th century, but there is no evidence that this name was ever formally applied to the town itself. It was incorporated as Paris in 1839 and again in 1890, Paris is the sister city of Lamotte-Beuvron in France.
The Main Street stretch of Paris is a product of time, effort. With a handful of new restaurants garnering attention from the Central Kentucky region and beyond, the Main Street Program in Paris has been active since 1992. From 2006 to 2008, fifteen buildings were renovated at a time for financing such projects. Downtown Paris ARTWALK, sponsored by the Paris Main Street Program, the Nannine Clay Wallis Arboretum, located at 616 Pleasant Street, is a 4-acre arboretum that is home to the Garden Club of Kentucky. Many of the trees on the grounds were planted in the 1850s when the house was built, Nannine Clay Wallis continued the tradition of planting the latest tree introductions when her father bought the property in 1900. New trees are always being added to the collection and her daylilies and those hybridized by a former GCKY president and other flowers are featured. The Hopewell Museum, located at 800 Pleasant Street, is free, the museum is closed the month of January. The Beaux Arts structure was built in 1909 and served as the areas first post office, Duncan Tavern, located in Courthouse Square, is home to the Kentucky Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
The stone structure was built in 1788 by Major Joseph Duncan and it now houses an extensive genealogical collection, and is open to the public for tours Tuesday through Saturday for tours. The Vardens Building, located at 509 Main Street, is an example of Victorian architecture, remodeled in 1891, the building housed Vardens and Son Druggists from 1888 to 1953. The new façade features pressed-metal Corinthian columns embellished with rosettes, for the inside, Varden had South African mahogany apothecary cabinets made to show his wares
Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
The office of Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky was created under the states second constitution, which was ratified in 1799. The inaugural officeholder was Alexander Scott Bullitt, who took office in 1800 following his election to serve under James Garrard in 1799, the lieutenant governor serves as governor of Kentucky under circumstances similar to the Vice President of the United States assuming the powers of the presidency. The current Lieutenant Governor is Republican Jenean Hampton, the Southern Growth Policies Board as prescribed by KRS147.585,2. The Breaks Interstate Park Commission as provided in KRS148.225,3, the Falls of the Ohio Interstate Park Commission pursuant to KRS148.242,4. The Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Development Authority pursuant to KRS182.305,5, the Interstate Water Sanitation Control Commissions as prescribed by KRS224. 18-710, and 6. The Kentucky Mining Advisory Council for the Interstate Mining Compact as provided by KRS350.310, June 26,2007 The role and powers of the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky were altered by a 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky.
Prior to that 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky the lieutenant governor became acting governor at any time that the governor was outside of the commonwealth. Lieutenant governors Thelma Stovall and Happy Chandler engaged in high-profile use of their powers as acting governor when the governor was out of the commonwealth. Also prior to the 1992 amendment of the Constitution of Kentucky, as a result, the lieutenant governor has no ongoing constitutional duties, and his or her traditional use of the Old Governors Mansion as an official residence has been phased out. Candidates for governor and lieutenant governor in Kentucky run together on party slates and this was famously highlighted when then-Lt. Happy Chandler in 1935 and then-Lt, gov. Thelma Stovall in 1978 called the Kentucky General Assembly into session to enact legislation that was not advocated by the governors at the time. In 1967 a Republican, Louie Nunn, was elected governor, simrall fled to Mississippi shortly thereafter.
As of January 2017, ten lieutenant governors were alive. The most recent death of a lieutenant governor was that of Wendell H. Ford. The most recently serving lieutenant governor to die was Thelma Stovall on February 4,1994
Augusta County, Virginia
Augusta County is a county located in the Shenandoah Valley on the western edge of the U. S. commonwealth of Virginia. It is the second-largest county in Virginia by total area, and it surrounds the independent cities of Staunton, the county seat of Augusta is Staunton, although most of the administrative services have offices in neighboring Verona. The county was created in 1738 from part of Orange County and it was originally a huge area, but many parts of Augusta County were carved out to form other counties and several states, until the current border was finalized in 1790. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 73,750, in addition, Augusta County is part of the Staunton–Waynesboro, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Augusta County was formed in 1738 from Orange County, because few people lived there and it was named for Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, Princess of Wales and mother of the future King George III of the United Kingdom. Originally, Augusta County was a vast territory with a western boundary.
A series of show the formation and division of Augusta County from 1738 through 1791. Reductions in its extent began in 1770, when its southern part became Botetourt County, in 1776 part of western Augusta County, an area known as the District of West Augusta, became Monongalia County, Ohio County, and Yohogania County. In 1788 the northern part of the county was combined with part of Hardy County to become Pendleton County, Augusta County assumed its present dimensions in 1790, when its western part was combined with parts of Botetourt County and Greenbrier County to form Bath County. During the Civil War, Augusta County served as an important agricultural center as part of the Breadbasket of the Confederacy, the Virginia Central Railroad ran through the county, linking the Shenandoah Valley to the Confederate capital at Richmond. Augusta County suffered again during General Philip H. Sheridans Burning, the county seat for many years, was incorporated as a city in 1871 and separated from Augusta County in 1902.
However, it remained the county seat, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 971 square miles, of which 967 square miles is land and 3.9 square miles is water. It is the third-largest county in Virginia by land area and second-largest by total area, the county is serviced by Augusta County Public Schools. The population density was 68 people per square mile, there were 26,738 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95. 02% White,3. 60% Black or African American,0. 15% Native American,0. 28% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,0. 32% from other races, and 0. 61% from two or more races. 0. 94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,20. 10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8. 10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was out with 23. 70% under the age of 18,6. 90% from 18 to 24,29. 80% from 25 to 44,26. 80% from 45 to 64
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Northwest Indian War
Under the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American Revolutionary War, Great Britain ceded to the U. S. control of the Northwest Territory, which was occupied by numerous Native American peoples. Despite the treaty, the British kept forts there and continued policies that supported the Native Americans in the Northwest Territories, in 1787, there were 45,000 Native Americans in the territory, and 2,000 French. President George Washington directed the United States Army to enforce U. S. sovereignty over the territory, about 1,000 soldiers and militiamen were killed and the United States forces suffered many more casualties than their opponents. After St. Clairs disaster, Washington ordered Revolutionary War hero, General Mad Anthony Wayne, to organize, Wayne took command of the new Legion of the United States late in 1793. He led his men to a victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. The defeated tribes were forced to cede territory, including much of present-day Ohio. The land east of the Mississippi River and south of the Great Lakes had been fought over for centuries before the United States government was formed.
In 1608, French explorer Samuel Champlain sided with the Huron people living along the St. Lawrence River against the Haudenosaunee Confederacy living in what is now upper and western New York state. The result was a lasting enmity by the Haudenosaunee Confederacy towards the French, the Dutch offered better prices than the French and traded firearms and knives to the Iroquois in exchange for furs. The Native American tribes were competing for hunting grounds for the fur trade, the western tribes had been weakened by epidemics of European infectious diseases, against which they had no acquired immunity. The Five Nationss use of weapons caused the wars to become deadlier. Historians consider the Beaver Wars to have one of the bloodiest conflicts in the history of North America. About 1664, the Five Nations became trading partners with the British, the Five Nations enlarged their territory by right of conquest. The number of paying tribute to them realigned the tribal map of eastern North America.
Several large confederacies were destroyed or relocated, including the Huron, Erie, the Five Nations pushed several other eastern tribes to and even across the Mississippi River. The Ohio country was virtually emptied, as the defeated tribes fled west to escape the Five Nations warriors, after the Five Nations warriors were defeated, they left much of the Northwest territory and Ohio almost unpopulated and with abandoned villages. They had claimed the entire Ohio Valley as their own hunting ground. After about 1700, some remnants of the Native American tribes began returning to the Northwest Territory and they were often conglomerations of several tribes who paid tribute to the Five Nations
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Kentucky is one of four U. S. states constituted as a commonwealth, originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States, Kentucky is known as the Bluegrass State, a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky. In 1776, the counties of Virginia beyond the Appalachian Mountains became known as Kentucky County, the precise etymology of the name is uncertain, but likely based on an Iroquoian name meaning the meadow or the prairie. Kentucky is situated in the Upland South, a significant portion of eastern Kentucky is part of Appalachia. Kentucky borders seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast, West Virginia lies to the east, Virginia to the southeast, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west and Indiana to the northwest, and Ohio to the north and northeast.
Only Missouri and Tennessee, both of which border eight states, touch more, Kentuckys northern border is formed by the Ohio River and its western border by the Mississippi River. The official state borders are based on the courses of the rivers as they existed when Kentucky became a state in 1792, for instance, northbound travelers on U. S.41 from Henderson, after crossing the Ohio River, will be in Kentucky for about two miles. Ellis Park, a racetrack, is located in this small piece of Kentucky. Waterworks Road is part of the land border between Indiana and Kentucky. Kentucky has a part known as Kentucky Bend, at the far west corner of the state. It exists as an exclave surrounded completely by Missouri and Tennessee, Road access to this small part of Kentucky on the Mississippi River requires a trip through Tennessee. The epicenter of the powerful 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes was near this area, much of the outer Bluegrass is in the Eden Shale Hills area, made up of short and very narrow hills.
The Jackson Purchase and western Pennyrile are home to several bald cypress/tupelo swamps, located within the southeastern interior portion of North America, Kentucky has a climate that can best be described as a humid subtropical climate. Temperatures in Kentucky usually range from daytime summer highs of 87 °F to the low of 23 °F. The average precipitation is 46 inches a year, Kentucky experiences four distinct seasons, with substantial variations in the severity of summer and winter. The highest recorded temperature was 114 °F at Greensburg on July 28,1930 while the lowest recorded temperature was −37 °F at Shelbyville on January 19,1994, due to its location, Kentucky has a moderate humid subtropical climate, with abundant rainfall
James Wilkinson was an American soldier and statesman, who was associated with several scandals and controversies. He served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, after his death, he was discovered to have been a paid agent of the Spanish crown. Wilkinsons actions have since been condemned by a number of historians and politicians such as Theodore Roosevelt. James Wilkinson was born three miles northeast of Benedict, Charles County, Maryland, on a farm south of Hunting Creek. His grandfather had been sufficiently wealthy to buy a property known as Stoakley Manor in Calvert County. The family felt that although their property was smaller, they fell in with a higher social class. James grew up with the idea that the image of respectability excused the reality of betrayal and his father, Joseph Wilkinson, inherited the property but, by that time, the family was in debt. In 1764, Stoakley Manor was broken up and sold and his older brother, inherited the property after his father died and, as the second son, James was left with nothing.
Historian Andro Linklater argued that his upbringing led to James aggressive reaction towards insults of his behavior and his father had left with the last words of My son, if you ever put up with an insult, I will disinherit you. Wilkinson married Ann Biddle of the prominent Biddle family of Philadelphia on November 12,1778 in Philadelphia and she was a first cousin of Charles Biddle, an associate of Aaron Burr, and Wilkinsons marriage to the dynamic Biddle only helped his career as a politician and general. She died on February 23,1807, the couple had four sons, James Biddle, Joseph Biddle, and Walter. James and Walter both served as Captains in the US Army, theofannie died as a child in early 1822. Wilkinson first served in Thompsons Pennsylvania rifle battalion, 1775–76, and was commissioned a captain in September 1775 and he became aide to Arnold just prior to the final retreat and left Canada with Arnold on the very last boat out. Shortly thereafter, he left Arnolds service and became an aide to General Horatio Gates in August 1776, when Gates sent him to Congress with official dispatches about the victory at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, Wilkinson kept Congress waiting while he attended to personal affairs.
When he finally showed up, he embellished his own role in the victory, and was brevetted as a general on November 6,1777. Gates soon had enough of Wilkinson, and the officer was compelled to resign in March 1778. On July 29,1779, Congress appointed him clothier-general of the Army and he moved to Kentucky in 1784, and he was active there in efforts to achieve independence from Virginia. In April 1787, Wilkinson made a controversial trip to New Orleans