George McClellan (physician)
George McClellan was a 19th-century American surgeon. He is best known for founding the Jefferson Medical College and the Medical Department of Pennsylvania College, his pioneering work in surgery, including writing a used textbook. George McClellan was born in Woodstock, Connecticut, on December 22, 1796 to a family of Scottish ancestry, his great-grandfather fought on the Jacobite side in the Battle of Culloden, the last pitched battle in Britain, before immigrating to Worcester, Massachusetts. George McClellan's grandfather, Samuel McClellan was a Brigadier General in the American Revolutionary War. Throughout his life, George McClellan was known for his personality, having a mix of positive and negative traits, he had a good memory for names and faces of everyone he met. One former student recalled a brief meeting with the doctor and being recognized one year stating, "the moment we entered Doctor McClellan's office, he recognized and named each one of us, although he had seen us only once before, a year back, only a short time."
However, Darrach wrote, "McClellan had his peculiarities." He came across as disrespectful and insubordinate and spoke in a "rapid incoherent manner." It has been noted that he perturbed individuals above him in title. Nonetheless, some people just accepted this as something that came with his "surgical zeal."McClellan's famous family includes his wife, two sons, John Hill Brinton McClellan, a physician, the other, General George Brinton McClellan, a major general during the American Civil War. His grandson, George McClellan became the Chair of Anatomy at Jefferson Medical College and authored the famous medical text, Regional Anatomy. George McClellan died early in the morning on May 9, 1847 from exsanguination due to an ulcerated lesion below the sigmoid flexure of the colon. McClellan entered into the sophomore class at Yale at the age of sixteen and excelled in mathematics and published natural sciences articles in the American Journal of Science. In 1815, at age 18, he obtained his baccalaureate degree.
He took up the study of medicine, first with Thomas Hubbard of Pomfret, Connecticut Professor of Surgery of the Medical College of New Haven, with whom he remained one year. In 1817, he went to Philadelphia to attend medical lectures at the University of Pennsylvania, to become the private pupil of John Syng Dorsey, Professor of Materia Medica, receiving his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1819. George McClellan gave a series of private anatomy lectures before deciding to found a new medical school. Many unsuccessful requests had been made for a new medical school in Philadelphia so he and others had the idea to couple it with Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania. With this in mind, he and others made a request to the Legislature of Pennsylvaniain 1824, in 1825, received a charter for what was to become Jefferson Medical College. With the "highly regarded" University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine being in Philadelphia, it was considered "professional heresy" to open a second school, but McClellan thought that opening a second medical school would just lead to more students going to Philadelphia to study medicine.
Because of this, physicians at that time noted that he had to choose instructors "greatly inferior in talent to himself" and it was not a sure thing that the school would survive. The Jefferson Medical College opened in 1826, in Philadelphia, in 1836 had an entering class of 360 medical students nonetheless and McClellan lectured in surgery. In 1838, Jefferson College separated from Jefferson Medical College, all instructors, including McClellan, were vacated and the trustees hired all new individuals to teach; this change, unrelated to McClellan's leaving, led the school came to be considered a "legitimate" medical school. For his next project, McClellan opened The Medical Department of Pennsylvania College with Samuel Colhoun, William Rush, Samuel George Morton in Philadelphia, giving the first course of lectures in November 1839. Due to monetary circumstances, the four men resigned their professorships in 1843. In 1858, the school planned to merge with the Philadelphia College of Medicine, but that school closed the next year in 1859.
1861 saw the Medical Department of Pennsylvania College close due to unpaid bills and low enrollment secondary to the American Civil War. Nonetheless, his extended medical education system became accepted and spread among schools. Before founding Jefferson Medical College, McClellan was regarded as a great teacher, with his colleague, William Darrach, stating, " teacher so qualified will attract pupils." He had added an anatomy and surgery teaching room next to his office and lectured nightly to students of his medical classes. Before, while at Jefferson, McClellan had a successful lectureship in surgery until 1838 when Jefferson College separated from Jefferson Medical College and the teaching positions were all vacated, he went on to teach at the new school he co-founded. McClellan was an accomplished and famous surgeon, leading to Samuel George Morton summing up what many of his contemporaries thought of him in a memorandum from March 8, 1845: The day before yesterday I was present at an operation performed by Dr. George McClellan, on a gentleman from Virginia.
It consisted in the removal of the whole of the parotid gland in a scirrhous and much enlarged state, from the left side of the face. Nothing could exceed the combined coolness and skill manifested by Dr. M. throughout this terrible operation, which he has now performed for the eleventh
George B. McClellan Jr.
George Brinton McClellan Jr. was an American politician, author and educator. The son of American Civil War general and presidential candidate George B. McClellan, he was the 93rd Mayor of New York City, serving from 1904 to 1909. McClellan, known to his family as "Max", was born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, where his parents were visiting, he went to school in Trenton in New Jersey – where his father was Governor – and Saint John's School in Ossining, New York. From 1885 to 1888 he served in the New York Army National Guard, he received his Bachelor of Arts degree at Princeton in 1886 and his Master of Arts in 1889. After leaving school, he engaged in reportorial and editorial work at the New York World and other newspapers. In 1892 he was admitted to the bar, he served for some time as treasurer of the New York and Brooklyn Bridge. In 1892, McClellan was elected president of the Board of Aldermen of New York City for the following two years, for a part of 1894 he served as acting mayor, his success and popularity enabled him in 1895 to become a United States Congressman, a position he held until resigning to become mayor in late 1903.
In Congress, he was a prominent member of the Ways and Means Committee. While in Congress McClellan made speeches in favor of the gold standard, an issue that divided the fiscally conservative from the agrarian wing of the Democratic Party, although he avoided committing himself on the subject in the campaign of 1896. In November 1903, McClellan defeated Seth Low, for a two-year term, he was re-elected in 1905, after the restoration of four-year mayoral terms, but not considered for a third term in 1909. He is notable in the history of movie censorship for canceling all moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908, claiming that the new medium degraded the morals of the community and that celluloid film was an unacceptable fire hazard. On October 27, 1904, the Interborough Rapid Transit, New York City's first subway, opened. McClellan was to start the first train at the City Hall Station, hand it over to an IRT motorman. However, he was enjoying himself so much, he refused to give up the controls until the train reached 103rd Street Station.
McClellan ran for president in 1904, receiving 3 votes on the first ballot at the Democratic National Convention. Throughout his political career, McClellan remained interested in education and in 1906 he was named honorary Chancellor of Union College. At Princeton he delivered the Stafford Little lectures on public affairs, served as university lecturer and was subsequently appointed a professor of economic history. McClellan served in World War I entering the Army as major assigned to the Ordnance Department in May 1917 and he was honorably discharged in May 1919 with the rank of lieutenant colonel. McClellan died childless on November 30, 1940, one week after his 75th birthday, was buried in Arlington National Cemetery; the Oligarchy of Venice. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1904; the Heel of War. New York: G. W. Dillingham Company, 1916. Venice and Bonaparte. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1931. Modern Italy: A Short History. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1933; the Gentleman and the Tiger: The Autobiography of George B. McClellan Jr..
Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1956. Mayor of New York City List of mayors of New York City New York City mayoral elections Notes Sources Some of the text is taken from "McClellan, George Brinton.". New International Encyclopedia. Dodd, Mead. P. 545. Which is in M. Barbara; the Price of Honor: The Life and Times of George Brinton McClellan Jr. The standard scholarly biography Syrett, Harold C. "Introduction" to The Gentleman and the Tiger: The Autobiography of George B. McClellan Jr.. Pp 9–39 From Regulation to Censorship: Film and Political Culture in New York in the Early Twentieth CenturyUnited States Congress. "George B. McClellan Jr.". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
George McClellan (New York)
George McClellan was a member of the United States House of Representatives from New York. He was born in Schodack, New York and attended the public schools and the local academies at Columbia County, New York; these were New York. He was elected as a Democrat to the Sixty-third Congress, was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1914 to the Sixty-fourth Congress, was a delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1920. After his period in Congress, he resumed the practice of his profession in New York. United States Congress. "George McClellan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Chatham Courier, Columbia Loses Prominent Citizen: Columbia Loses Prominent Man by Death of Hon. George McClellan, February 24, 1927 George McClellan at Find a Grave This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
George B. McClellan
George Brinton McClellan was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, politician. A graduate of West Point, McClellan served with distinction during the Mexican War, left the Army to work in railroads until the outbreak of the Civil War. Early in the war, McClellan was appointed to the rank of major general and played an important role in raising a well-trained and organized army, which would become the Army of the Potomac in the Eastern Theater. Although McClellan was meticulous in his planning and preparations, these characteristics hampered his ability to challenge aggressive opponents in a fast-moving battlefield environment, he chronically overestimated the strength of enemy units and was reluctant to apply principles of mass leaving large portions of his army unengaged at decisive points. McClellan organized and led the Union army in the Peninsula Campaign in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, it was the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.
Making an amphibious clockwise turning movement around the Confederate Army in northern Virginia, McClellan's forces turned west to move up the Virginia Peninsula, between the James and York Rivers, landing from the Chesapeake Bay, with the Confederate capital, Richmond, as their objective. McClellan was somewhat successful against the cautious General Joseph E. Johnston, but the emergence of General Robert E. Lee to command the Army of Northern Virginia turned the subsequent Seven Days Battles into a partial Union defeat. General McClellan failed to maintain the trust of President Abraham Lincoln, he did not trust his commander-in-chief and was derisive of him. He was removed from command in November after failing to decisively pursue Lee's Army following the tactically inconclusive but strategic Union victory at the Battle of Antietam outside Sharpsburg and never received another field command. McClellan went on to become the unsuccessful Democratic Party nominee in the 1864 presidential election against Lincoln's reelection.
The effectiveness of his campaign was damaged when he repudiated his party's platform, which promised an end to the war and negotiations with the southern Confederacy. He served as the 24th Governor of New Jersey from 1878 to 1881, became a writer, vigorously defended his Civil War conduct. Most modern authorities have assessed McClellan as a poor battlefield general; some historians view him as a capable commander whose reputation suffered unfairly at the hands of pro-Lincoln partisans who made him a scapegoat for the Union's military setbacks. After the war, subsequent commanding general and 18th President Ulysses S. Grant was asked for his opinion of McClellan as a general. George Brinton McClellan was born in Philadelphia, the son of a prominent surgeon, Dr. George McClellan, the founder of Jefferson Medical College, his father's family was of Scottish heritage. His mother was Elizabeth Sophia Steinmetz Brinton McClellan, daughter of a leading Pennsylvania family, a woman noted for her "considerable grace and refinement".
The couple had five children: Frederica. McClellan was the great-grandson of Revolutionary War general Samuel McClellan of Woodstock, Connecticut. McClellan attended the University of Pennsylvania in 1840 at age twelve, resigning himself to the study of law. After two years, he changed his goal to military service. With the assistance of his father's letter to President John Tyler, young George was accepted at the United States Military Academy in 1842, the academy having waived its normal minimum age of sixteen. At West Point, he was an energetic and ambitious cadet interested in the teachings of Dennis Hart Mahan and the theoretical strategic principles of Antoine-Henri Jomini, his closest friends were aristocratic Southerners such as James Stuart, Dabney Maury, Cadmus Wilcox, A. P. Hill; these associations gave McClellan what he considered to be an appreciation of the Southern mind and an understanding of the political and military implications of the sectional differences in the United States that led to the Civil War.
He graduated at age nineteen in 1846, second in his class of 59 cadets, losing the top position to Charles Seaforth Stewart only because of poor drawing skills. He was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. McClellan's first assignment was with a company of engineers formed at West Point, but he received orders to sail for the Mexican War, he arrived near the mouth of the Rio Grande in October 1846, well prepared for action with a double-barreled shotgun, two pistols, a saber, a dress sword, a Bowie knife. He complained that he had arrived too late to take any part in the American victory at Monterrey in September. During a temporary armistice in which the forces of Gen. Zachary Taylor awaited action, McClellan was stricken with dysentery and malaria, which kept him in the hospital for nearly a month; the malaria would recur in years—he called it his "Mexican disease". He served as an engineering officer during the war, was subject to enemy fire, was appointed a brevet first lieutenant for his services at Contreras and Churubusco and to captain for his service at Chapultepec.
He performed reconnaissance missions for Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott, a close friend of McClellan's father. McClellan's experiences in the war would shape his political life, he learned that flanking movements are bette