Edward O. Leech
Edward Owen Leech was Director of the United States Mint from 1889 to 1893. Edward O. Leech was born on December 9, 1850, in Washington, D. C. where his father, Daniel D. Tompkins Leech was an official with the United States Post Office and the United States Department of the Treasury. Edward O. Leech was a direct lineal descendant of Lawrence Leach, a follower of Francis Higginson who settled in Salem, Massachusetts in 1629. Edward O. Leech was educated at Columbia University, receiving an A. B. in 1869. On the death of Leech's father in 1869, he became a clerk in the Bureau of Statistics of the United States Department of the Treasury; when the Bureau of the Mint was organized in April 1873 in the wake of the Coinage Act of 1873, the Director of the United States Mint, Henry Linderman, invited Leech to become one of his assistants. He subsequently served as assay clerk, adjuster of accounts, computer of bullion. Leech earned an LL. M. from the National Law University in Washington, D. C. in 1886, but decided to remain with the Mint rather than go into legal practice.
In 1889, President of the United States Benjamin Harrison named Leech Director of the United States Mint. The New York Times editorialized against the appointment, arguing that Harrison only nominated Leech because of Leech's role in whitewashing a scandal involving Harrison's son, Russell Benjamin Harrison, who had participated in a failed business venture in Helena, Montana while Russell Harrison was in charge of the Assay Office in Helena. Leech served as Director of the Mint from October 1889 until May 1893. Upon retiring from government service, Leech became Vice President of the National Union Bank in New York City. At the 1896 Republican National Convention, Leech played a major role in securing a plank in the party's platform favorable to maintaining the gold standard. Leech died of complications related to appendicitis at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York on May 1, 1900. Works by or about Edward O. Leech at Internet Archive
James Pollock was the 13th Governor of Pennsylvania from 1855 to 1858. James Pollock graduated from the College of New Jersey at Princeton before setting up a law practice in his home community, in Milton, Pennsylvania. District attorney and judicial appointments followed and in 1844 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives where he served three successive terms; as a freshman congressman, Pollock boarded in the same rooming house as another new congressman, Abraham Lincoln, they soon developed a mutual respect and longstanding friendship. Pollock was an early supporter of Samuel Morse and his idea for a telegraph and was instrumental in getting the United States Congress to appropriate a small amount to help build the first line, he was present in the room when the first message, "What hath God wrought" was received, ushering in a new age of telecommunication. Pollock was the first in Congress to advocate the construction of a railroad across the continent, connecting newly acquired California with the east.
In a speech in 1848 he said, "At the risk of being considered insane, I will venture the prediction that, in less than twenty-five years from this evening, a railroad will be completed and in operation between New York and San Francisco, California." The transcontinental railroad was completed in 1869, four years inside the limit fixed by Mr. Pollock, he returned to the judiciary in Pennsylvania's Eighth District in 1850. Pollock was nominated by the Whig Party for the governor's race in 1854, amid controversy surrounding the Kansas–Nebraska Act. During his administration, Pennsylvania began to sell its publicly held railroads and canals, he helped steer the state through the financial Panic of 1857, he chaired the Pennsylvania delegation to the Peace Conference of 1861, was appointed by President Lincoln as Director of the Philadelphia mint that same year. While leading the United States Mint, he was instructed by the Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase in a letter to come up with suggestions for including "the trust of our people in God" in a motto on America's coins.
Pollock proposed a number of mottos, including "Our Trust Is In God" and "God Our Trust," which Chase revised to "In God We Trust." The 1864 two-cent piece was the first coin with the approved motto and today all American coins are inscribed with "In God We Trust." James Pollock was a trustee of Lafayette College from 1855 to 1876, its president from 1863 onwards. James Pollock possessed a strong faith in God. Concurring with Secretary Chase's instructions, in his 1863 report to the Secretary of the Treasury, he wrote, "We claim to be a Christian nation—why should we not vindicate our character by honoring the God of Nations…Our national coinage should do this, its legends and devices should declare our trust in God—in Him, "King of Kings and Lord of Lords." The motto suggested, "God our Trust," is taken from our National Hymn, the Star-Spangled Banner." The sentiment is familiar to every citizen of our country—it has thrilled the hearts and fallen in song from the lips of millions of American Freemen.
The time for the introduction of this or a similar motto, is propitious and appropriate.'Tis an hour of National peril and danger—an hour when man's strength is weakness—when our strength and our nation's strength and salvation, must be in the God of Battles and of Nations. Let us reverently acknowledge his sovereignty, let our coinage declare our trust in God." Mr. Pollock served as Vice President of the American Sunday School Union from 1855 until his death in 1890. In that role he had the distinction of presiding over more mission business meetings than any man in the history of AMF other than the first president. Respected by his fellow managers, it was recorded that'he was always eager to do his Lord's business with earnestness and dispatch' and while conscious of the power of his masterful mind and loving heart, his fellows managers'most appreciated his depth of consecration.' Pollock co-founded Sunday Breakfast Rescue Mission, a homeless shelter and soup kitchen, in 1878 with notable fellow churchgoers John B.
Stetson and John Wanamaker. What began as a simple cup of coffee and roll before church has grown to become the leading emergency shelter and largest indoor provider of meals in Philadelphia. Pollock has a residence area, dining commons, computer learning center, campus road named for him on the University Park campus of Penn State University, the institution which received its charter during his term as governor. United States Congress. "James Pollock". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; the Political Graveyard The Sunday School Movement and the American Sunday School Union by Edwin Wilbur Rice: Union Press, 1917. The Torch and the Flag by Galbraith Hall Todd. United States Mint Annual Report, 1863. In Memoriam, James Pollack: published by the family of James Pollack, c. 1890. James Pollock at Find a Grave
Raymond T. Baker
Raymond Thomas Baker was a rich United States businessman, Director of the United States Mint from 1917 to 1922. Raymond T. Baker was born in Eureka, Nevada in 1877, the son of George Washington Baker, the lead counsel of the Southern Pacific Railroad, Mary Agnes Baker, he was educated at the University of Nevada, Reno at Stanford University. After college, Baker became involved in gold mining, being one of the first investors active in Rawhide, Nevada, he became a rich man. He moved east and had a brief romantic relationship with Elinor Glyn. Baker had a longtime interest in prison reform and in 1911, with his brother, Cleve Baker, serving as Nevada Attorney General, Raymond T. Baker became warden of the Nevada State Prison, a position he held from February 1, 1911 to May 10, 1912. In 1915, Baker traveled to Russia to become confidential secretary to United States Ambassador to Russia George T. Marye, Jr. In 1917, President of the United States Woodrow Wilson named Baker Director of the United States Mint and Baker subsequently held this office from March 1917 until March 1922.
On June 12, 1918, he married Margaret Vanderbilt, widow of Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt I, who had died when the RMS Lusitania was sunk. During the 1926 Senate elections, Baker sought election as United States Senator from Nevada on the Democratic ticket, but was defeated by the Republican incumbent, Tasker Oddie. After a decade of marriage and his wife divorced. On December 4, 1928, he married a second time, to Delphine Cromwell, daughter of Horace Elgin Dodge and ex-wife of James H. R. Cromwell. Baker died on April 28, 1935, In Washington, DC three months after suffering a heart attack, he was cremated, his ashes interred with his family at Mountain View Cemetery, in Oakland, California
Pine Grove, Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania
Pine Grove is a borough in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the borough population was 2,154. Pine Grove Area School District, serving students from three municipalities and multiple surrounding townships, is located in the town; the Pine Grove Historic District and Nutting Hall are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Pine Grove is located at 40°33′4″N 76°23′6″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,154 people,877 households, 558 families residing in the borough; the population density was 1,997.0 people per square mile. There were 937 housing units at an average density of 868.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 98.75% White, 0.14% African American, 0.00% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, 0.51% from two or more races. 0.05 % of the population were Latino of any race.
There were 877 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.3% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.98. In the borough the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $35,865, the median income for a family was $49,737. Males had a median income of $31,369 versus $21,818 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $19,547. 5.9% of the population and 2.6% of families were below the poverty line.
Out of the total people living in poverty, 2.9% are under the age of 18 and 5.6% are 65 or older. Conrad Richter - award-winning American novelist. Susan Manbeck Corbett - First Lady of Pennsylvania. Playing for Real Salt Lake in MLS Pinegrove Historical Society Pine Grove Township Pine Grove Borough
United States Mint
The United States Mint is a unit of the Department of Treasury responsible for producing coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce, as well as controlling the movement of bullion. It does not produce paper money; the Mint was created in Philadelphia in 1792, soon joined by other centers, whose coins were identified by their own mint marks. There are four active coin-producing mints: Philadelphia, San Francisco, West Point; the Mint was created by Congress with the Coinage Act of 1792, placed within the Department of State. Per the terms of the Coinage Act, the first Mint building was in Philadelphia, the capital of the United States. Today, the Mint's headquarters are in Washington D. C.. It operates mint facilities in Philadelphia, San Francisco, West Point, New York and a bullion depository at Fort Knox, Kentucky. Official Mints were once located in Carson City, Nevada. Part of the State Department, the Mint was made an independent agency in 1799, it converted precious metals into standard coin for anyone's account with no seigniorage charge beyond the refining costs.
Under the Coinage Act of 1873, the Mint became part of the Department of the Treasury. It was placed under the auspices of the Treasurer of the United States in 1981. Legal tender coins of today are minted for the Treasury's account; the first Director of the United States Mint was renowned scientist David Rittenhouse from 1792 to 1795. The position was held most by Edmund C. Moy until his resignation effective January 9, 2011; the position was left vacant until April 2018. Henry Voigt was the first Superintendent and Chief Coiner, is credited with some of the first U. S. coin designs. Another important position at the Mint is that of Chief Engraver, held by such men as Frank Gasparro, William Barber, Charles E. Barber, James B. Longacre, Christian Gobrecht; the Mint has operated several branch facilities throughout the United States since the Philadelphia Mint opened in 1792, in a building known as "Ye Olde Mint". With the opening of branch mints came the need for mint marks, an identifying feature on the coin to show its facility of origin.
The first of these branch mints were the Charlotte, North Carolina, Dahlonega and New Orleans, Louisiana branches. Both the Charlotte and Dahlonega Mints were opened to facilitate the conversion of local gold deposits into coinage, minted only gold coins; the Civil War closed both these facilities permanently. The New Orleans Mint closed at the beginning of the Civil War and did not re-open until the end of Reconstruction in 1879. During its two stints as a minting facility, it produced both gold and silver coinage in eleven different denominations, though only ten denominations were minted there at one time. A new branch facility was opened in Carson City, Nevada, in 1870. Like the Charlotte and Dahlonega branches, the Carson City Mint was opened to take advantage of local precious metal deposits, in this case, a large vein of silver. Though gold coins were produced there, no base metal coins were. In 1911 the Mint had a female acting director, Margaret Kelly, at that point the highest paid woman on the government's payroll.
She stated that women were paid within the bureau. A branch of the U. S. mint was established in 1920 in Manila in the Philippines, a U. S. territory. To date, the Manila Mint is the only U. S. mint established outside the continental U. S. and was responsible for producing coins. This branch was in production from 1920 to 1922, again from 1925 through 1941. Coins struck by this mint bear either the M mintmark or none at all, similar to the Philadelphia mint at the time. A branch mint in The Dalles, was commissioned in 1864. Construction was halted in 1870, the facility never produced any coins, although the building still stands. There are four active coin-producing mints: Philadelphia, San Francisco, West Point; the Mint's largest facility is the Philadelphia Mint. The current facility, which opened in 1969, is the fourth Philadelphia Mint; the first was built in 1792, when Philadelphia was still the U. S. capital, began operation in 1793. Until 1980, coins minted at Philadelphia bore no mint mark, with the exceptions of the Susan B.
Anthony dollar and the wartime Jefferson nickel. In 1980, the P mint mark was added to all U. S. coinage except the cent. Until 1968, the Philadelphia Mint was responsible for nearly all official proof coinage. Philadelphia is the site of master die production for U. S. coinage, the engraving and design departments of the Mint are located there. The Denver branch began life in 1863 as the local assay office, just five years after gold was discovered in the area. By the turn of the century, the office was bringing in over $5 million in annual gold and silver deposits, in 1906, the Mint opened its new Denver branch. Denver uses a D mint mark and strikes coinage only for circulation, although it did strike, along with three other mints, the $10 gold 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Com
Eva Adams was the Director of the United States Mint from 1961 to 1969. Eva Adams was born in Wonder, Nevada on September 10, 1908, the daughter of Verner Laur Adams and his wife Cora Adams. During Eva’s childhood, the Adam's family moved around the state as her father was called out to work to set up numerous facilities in mining camps for Wingfield; these facilities included hotels and bars. Due to the frequent re-locating in her early years she learned independence and how to make friends easily. Adams adapted to be happy where she was. Adams' mother insisted the family settle down in Reno, Nevada. Adams graduated from Reno High School at age 14, she attended the University of Nevada, where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta, graduating in 1928, at age 19. After graduating from college, Adams moved to Las Vegas, Nevada to become a teacher at Las Vegas High School. During this time, she became involved with the Clark County Democratic Party and was introduced to Pat McCarran, she returned to Nevada in 1940 to join the English department of the University of Nevada, Reno.
C. to become his Administrative Assistant. She worked for Senator McCarran until his death in 1954, she worked for McCarran's successor, Ernest S. Brown, in 1954, Alan Bible from 1954 to 1960. In 1961, President of the United States John F. Kennedy named Adams Director of the United States Mint, Adams subsequently held that office from October 1961 until August 1969. Adams was recommended by Senator Alan Bible because of her previous knowledge and experience on precious metals, she was the second woman to hold the title of Director at the Mint. Nonetheless, Adams had a significant impact, she made them more efficient. During her time there, they added 100 new coin presses, outlined in her article on the “Changes in Coinage”, she was present during The Coinage Act of 1965, which eliminated silver from the American dime and quarter. She helped plan the opening of the current Philadelphia Mint, which opened in 1969. Once the Mint was operating, Adams resigned; this was because President Nixon put pressure on Adams to leave, since he wanted a Republican as the director.
Following her career at the Mint, Adams was the assistant to the chairman of Mutual of Omaha. She did this until 1978. During this time, she was named director of the Medallic Art Company of New York City and served on the American Numismatic Association board of governors. Adams died in Reno on August 23, 1991. Distinguished Nevadan Award at the University of Nevada Exceptional Service Award from Treasury Department Nevada's Outstanding Women of the Century NLG "Clemy" Award ANA Medal of Merit Nevada Women's Fund Hall of Fame Elected into ANA Hall of Fame Eva Bertrand Adams at Find a Grave Nevada Women's History Project – Women's Biographies, Eva Bertrand Adams A Guide to the Papers of Eva Bertrand Adams, Special Collections, University Libraries, University of Nevada, Reno
Stella Hackel Sims
Stella Bloomberg Hackel Sims was Director of the United States Mint from 1977 to 1981. Stella Bloomberg was born in 1926 in Vermont, she was educated at the University of Vermont, graduating in 1945, at the Boston University School of Law, receiving her J. D. in 1948. In 1949 she married Donald H. Hackel. In 1956 she was elected prosecutor of Rutland, holding that office until 1963. From 1963 to 1973, she was Commissioner of the Vermont Department of Employment Security. In 1971-72, she was President of the Interstate Conference of Employment Security Agencies, she was the successful Democratic Party nominee for Vermont State Treasurer in 1974 and served one term, 1975 to 1977. She was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for Governor of Vermont in 1976, losing the general election to Richard A. Snelling, she was returned to Rutland as city attorney. In 1977, President of the United States Jimmy Carter named Hackel Director of the United States Mint, she held this office from November 1977 to April 1981.
In that capacity, she oversaw the creation of the Susan B. Anthony dollar in 1979. During her time at the Mint, after her first husband died she married Dr. Arthur I. Sims and became known as Stella Hackel Sims. Dr. Sims died in 2006. Hackel Sims retired in 1988, settling in Arlington and Naples, Florida