George Windle Read Jr.
George Windle Read Jr. was a Lieutenant General in the United States Army. He was prominent as a top-tier polo player, a successful commander of World War II armor units, the U. S. Army's Chief of Armor; the son of Major General George Windle Read, one of the top commanders in the American Expeditionary Force during World War I, the grandson of Army Chief of Staff Lieutenant General S. B. M. Young, the younger Read was born at Fort Grant, Arizona on July 29, 1900. Raised on military posts throughout the United States, Read enlisted in the Army in May, 1917, he served with the 15th Cavalry Regiment and the 30th and 42nd Infantry Divisions during World War I, attaining the rank of Sergeant. Read completed the officer candidate school in Langres and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry in 1919, he soon transferred to Cavalry, graduated from the Cavalry School Basic Course in 1921. He served throughout the United States and overseas during the 1930s. From 1922 to 1925 Read served in the Philippines as aide de camp to his father.
A championship caliber polo player, Read took part in several tournaments during the 1920s and 1930s, playing on teams sponsored by the Army. Read graduated from the Cavalry School Regular Course in 1937, afterwards serving in the Middle East as an observer in Palestine and a member of the Armored Force Board, based in Cairo, Egypt. After graduating from the Command and General Staff College in 1941, Read was assigned as Training and Operations Officer, G-3, for the 6th Armored Division. Read served with the 6th Armored Division in Europe throughout World War II, including assignments as commander of the 68th Tank Regiment, commander of the division’s Combat Command B, assistant division commander, division commander from April to May, 1945 and again from July until the division was deactivated in September, 1945. In the late 1940s Read served as President of Army Ground Forces Board 3 at Georgia. From 1948 to 1950 Read served as Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics, G-4, for the United States Constabulary.
During the early 1950s General Read commanded 1st Brigade, United States Constabulary in West Germany. From April 1952 to April 1953 Read served as commander of the 2nd Armored Division. In 1953 Read was assigned as commander of the U. S. Army Armor Center and School at Ft. Knox, where he remained until 1955, he commanded Allied Land Forces South East Europe, remaining in this post until 1957. In 1957 Read assumed command of the Second United States Army, remaining in this position until his retirement in 1960. General Read’s U. S. decorations included multiple awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, multiple awards of the Legion of Merit and Bronze Star. His foreign awards included the French Legion of Honor and Croix de Guerre with Palm, Belgian Croix de Guerre, Greek Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Phoenix. General Read resided in Aptos, Santa Cruz County, California after his retirement from the Army, died at Fort Ord's Silas B. Hays Army Hospital on December 15, 1974 from the effects of lymphocytic leukemia.
He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section 3, Site 3946. Find A Grave page, George Windle Read Jr
George E. Read
George E. Read was an American sailor who received the Medal of Honor for valor in action during the American Civil War. Read was born Rhode Island in 1838. On June 19, 1864 he was serving as a Seaman on the sloop of war USS Kearsarge when she sank the commerce raider CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France, he was awarded his Medal of Honor for gallantry under fire exhibited while crewing the ship's Number 2 gun. Read is buried in Ancient Littleneck Cemetery in East Providence, Rhode Island. Rank and organization: Seaman, U. S. Navy. Born: 1838, Rhode Island. Accredited to: Rhode Island. G. O. No.: 45, December 31, 1864 Citation: Served as seaman on board the U. S. S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, 19 June 1864. Acting as the first loader of the No. 2 gun during this bitter engagement, Read exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer. List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: Q–S "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients".
Archived from the original on February 23, 2009. Retrieved 2007-12-28."George E. Read". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-12-28
Read House and Garden
The Read House and Garden is a historic house museum at 42 The Strand in New Castle, Delaware. The house, built in 1793 for George Read, Jr. was the largest and most sophisticated residence in the state at the time, is a significant early example of high-style Federal period architecture. The adjacent formal gardens were laid out in the late 1840s by William Couper, the house's third owner; the property was designated a National Historic Landmark in 2016, is part of the landmark New Castle Historic District. The house is now operated by the Delaware Historical Society as a museum; the Read House is located in central downtown New Castle, facing the Delaware River across The Strand midway between Harmony and Delaware Streets. The house's view of the river includes a surviving portion of the wharf of George Read; the house is a 2-1/2 story bric building, with a stone foundation. It has two built into each end wall, with a curtain wall between; the roof's peak is truncated, the flat top section ringed by a low balustrade.
The front face of the roof has two dormers, covering round-arch windows. The main facade is five bays wide, with sash windows set in rectangular openings, with stone sills and splayed stone lintels; the main entrance is at the center, with flanking sidelight windows and pilasters, a large half-round transom window above. On the second story above the entrance is a Palladian window, its sections flanked by narrow pilasters. To the rear of the main block are two large ells, giving the house a total area in excess of 14,000 square feet; the house was built in 1793 for George Read Jr. the son of George Read, one of Delaware's leading statesmen and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. The younger Read was a successful lawyer and businessman, whose wealth enabled him to build what was the largest private residence in the state. Stylistically, it is an important early example of Federal period architecture, taking inspiration from several Adamesque houses built in Philadelphia a few years earlier.
The house was purchased in 1836 by another Delaware statesman, after Read's death. The third owner was William Couper, a wealthy New Castle businessman who had grown up in the house of George Read I, which stood next door to this house. Houses on either side of this one, including the George Read I House, were lost to fire in 1824. Couper used the open space created by the fire on the south side of this house to establish a formal garden beginning in 1847; the basic layout of the garden appears follow Couper's basic plan, although the type of plantings is not original. Features of its design include brick walkways that wind between the beds, two gazebos, placed by the Delaware Historical Society at locations of similar structures seen in late 19th-century photographs. Couper was a bachelor. After his death, they continued to reside in the house until the last, his niece Hettie Smith, died in 1919; the house was acquired by Philip and Lydia Laird, who were involved in New Castle's early historic preservation movement, undertook to maintain the property's historic integrity.
Lydia Laird bequested the property to the Delaware Historical Society in 1975. The Society has since undertaken a full restoration of the property, interprets it in the period of the Read ownership, although some rooms reflect the styles of subsequent owners; the house is open Wednesday to Sunday year-round, closed only on some holidays. Stonum, the George Read I House New Castle County Court House List of National Historic Landmarks in Delaware National Register of Historic Places listings in northern New Castle County, Delaware http://dehistory.org/main-visit/8-home-page/visit-us/our-sites/4-read-house-a-gardens Read House and Gardens]
George Windle Read
Major General George Windle Read was a senior United States Army officer, prominent as a corps and division commander in World War I. Read oversaw the departure of US forces from Europe at the end of the war as commander of the American Embarkation Center at Le Havre, France. Read was born in Iowa, he graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1883 and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. Read's initial assignments were in the American West, his first posting was with the 16th Infantry Regiment. A few months he transferred to the 5th Cavalry Regiment, with which he served until 1889. From 1889 to 1893 Read was Assistant Professor of Military Science at the University of Iowa, after which he returned to the 5th Cavalry Regiment in Texas. In 1898 Read authored The Automatic Instructor: A Practical System for Home Study. At the start of the Spanish–American War Read was assigned to an Ordnance unit, with which he served in Cuba until 1899. Receiving promotion to Captain, he served in New Mexico from 1901 to 1902, after which he was assigned to the Philippines.
After leaving Cuba, Read served in Hawaii. From 1905 to 1909 he served on the Army’s General Staff. Promoted to Major, he served in Cuba, Puerto Rico and the Philippines before attending the Army War College, from which he graduated in 1914. Advanced to Lieutenant Colonel after his war college graduation, Read served in Texas and Arizona during the US–Mexico border conflict, including the Pancho Villa Expedition. From 1915 to 1917 Read again served in DC as a member of the Army General Staff. In April, 1917, Read was appointed to head recruiting as the Army began to mobilize for World War I. In August he was selected to command the 152nd Depot Brigade at New York. In December Read was promoted to temporary Major General and assigned to command first the 77th Infantry Division, the 15th Cavalry Division in El Paso, Texas; the 15th Cavalry Division was disbanded in favor of fielding all Infantry divisions, in April, 1918 Read took command of the 30th Infantry Division, which he led to France. In June he was selected to command the II Corps, consisting of five divisions assigned to the British sector of the Western Front.
After three of his divisions were transferred to take part in the Saint-Mihiel Offensive, Read continued to command the other two as a corps under the British Army in the Ypres area, participating in the September offensive that breached the Hindenburg Line. Read continued to command the II Corps after the Armistice. After the organization was demobilized in February, 1919 Read was assigned to command of the American Embarkation Center at Le Havre, where he was responsible for arranging the transportation of men and materiel back to the United States, he was the final commander of the 42nd Infantry Division as it completed post-war occupation duty in Germany and prepared to depart Europe. In May, 1919 Read was assigned to command the US V Corps at Camp Jackson, South Carolina with the permanent rank of Brigadier General. In March, 1921 he received permanent promotion to Major General. In October, 1922 Read was appointed commander of the Philippine Department, he assumed command in early 1923, remained in this assignment until his 1925 retirement.
General Read's awards and decorations included the Distinguished Service Medal and the British Order of the Bath. In addition, he received the French Legion of Honor, French Croix de Guerre with Palm. In retirement Read resided in Pennsylvania, he died at Walter Reed Army Hospital on November 6, 1934 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery, Section South, Site 1819. In 1886 in El Paso Read married Burton Young, the daughter of General S. B. M Young, who served as the first Army Chief of Staff. George Windle Read’s children included Burton Young Read, a career soldier who served from the early 1900s through World War II before retiring as a Colonel, George Windle Read, Jr. a career soldier who served in both world wars and attained the rank of Lieutenant General as commander of the US Army Armor Center and the Second United States Army
George C. Read
George Campbell Read was a United States Naval Officer who served on Old Ironsides during the War of 1812 and commanded vessels in actions off the Barbary Coast and India. Read rose to the rank of rear admiral. George Campbell Read emigrated to the United States at an early age. At the age of 16, Read entered service in the United States Navy as a midshipman on April 2, 1804. Read first joined the crew of the USS Constitution in 1806 under the command of his uncle, Captain Hugh G. Campbell. Early in his service, because of his relationship with the captain, he was suspected of being an informant concerning a fight between two lieutenants: Melancthon Taylor Woolsey and William Burrows. For a long time and the other officers shunned Read who endured the treatment without complaint; when it was learned that it was the captain's clerk and not Read who had informed, Woolsey apologized to him and asked why he remained silent about the real informant. Read replied, "That would have been doing the thing for which you blamed me, Mr. Woolsey: turning informer."
Thereafter, Woolsey referred to this incident as an example of Read's great self-restraint and self-respect. On April 25, 1810, after six years of service, Read was promoted to Lieutenant, he served aboard the USS Constitution under Commodore Isaac Hull during the War of 1812; when the Constitution defeated the British warship HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812, he was detailed by Hull to board the English vessel and accept her surrender. Two months on October 25, Read was serving under Commodore Stephen Decatur aboard the USS United States when they defeated the British warship HMS Macedonian; as a lieutenant, Read commanded the brig USS Chippewa during the Algerian War of 1815. He was promoted to Commander in 1816, served in the Mediterranean and off the coast of Africa. After a promotion to captain in 1825, he took command of the USS Constitution. From 1838 to 1839 Read took part in retaliatory actions against the pirates and raiders who preyed on American shipping in India, he commanded the Second Sumatran Expedition, undertaken in response to the massacre of the merchant ship Eclipse.
From 1839 to 1846, Read commanded the Philadelphia Naval School. As commander there, he served on a Naval board with Commodores Thomas ap Catesby Jones, Matthew C. Perry, Captains Elie A. F. La Vallette and Isaac Mayo for the examination of midshipmen entitled to promotion, he next commanded the African Squadron from 1846 to 1847 and the Mediterranean Squadron from 1847 to 1849. When the American Civil War broke out in 1861, Read was again in charge of the Philadelphia Naval Asylum. Read was promoted to rear admiral in July 1862, he died one month on August 22, after 58 years of Naval service. He is buried in Laurel Hill Cemetery in Pennsylvania, his wife, the daughter of Captain Richard Dale, died on March 1, 1863 and was buried beside him. The naval patrol ship USS Commodore Read was named in honor of Read. A ferryboat, it was purchased by the Navy on 19 August 1863, refitted at New York Navy Yard and commissioned on 8 September 1863; the ship served with the Potomac Flotilla during the American Civil War until 20 July 1865.
Murrell, William Meacham, Cruise Of The Frigate Columbia Around The World Under The Command Of Commodore George C. Read. Benjamin B. Mussey, Mass, 1840; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here. Taylor, Fitch Waterman; the Flag-ship: Or, A Voyage Around the World in the United States Frigate Columbia... Volume 2 of The Flag Ship, Or: A Voyage Around the World, in the United States Frigate Columbia. Read, Fitch Waterman Taylor. D. Appleton and Company. Retrieved 24 April 2014
George Read (Alberta politician)
George Read is the former leader of the Alberta Greens and a key organizer for the federal Green Party of Canada in Alberta. Read led the provincial and federal Green Parties in Alberta during a period of growth in support for the parties. Prior to his involvement, the Green Party remained well below 1% of the vote in Alberta. Read was elected leader of the Alberta Greens at the provincial convention held in Red Deer on November 1, 2003. Read won the position against incumbent David Parker. Read brought together organizers for the Green Party of Canada who recruited the first full slate of Green candidates in Alberta for the 2004 federal election. In that election, the Green Party of Canada received a higher percentage of votes in Alberta than in other provinces: the party won 6.3% of the popular vote in the province, 10% in the ridings of Calgary Centre-North and Calgary South Centre. Some commentators ascribed this to the weak position of the Liberal Party of Canada and New Democratic Party in Alberta.
Read was the National campaign manager of the Green Party of Canada for the 2006 Federal election. Read participated in a committee to decide staff changes in the GPC as of November 2006. One of the positions it would decide would be the National Campaign Manager. In June 2004, he ran for election as the Green Party of Canada candidate in the federal riding of Calgary Southeast, finishing just behind the NDP candidate, he ran for the provincial Greens in the Calgary-Egmont riding in the 2004 Alberta provincial election. Finishing just behind the Alberta Alliance and ahead of the NDP, he was the Alberta Greens candidate in the June 12, 2007, by-election for the riding of Calgary Elbow. Read was the leader of the Alberta Greens in the Mar 3rd 2008 provincial election, he received 4.95 % of the vote. The Alberta Greens moved from 2.8% of the vote in 2004 to 4.6% of the vote in 2008 under Reads Leadership. The Alberta Greens ran 79 candidates in 2008 up from 49 candidates in 2004. Read was born and raised Feb 29, 1972 in Calgary, Canada.
As a youth, he was a member of Scouts Canada, which he credits with giving him a love of the outdoors. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science/Management from the University of Calgary, he has been active for many years with the Sierra Club of Canada, in Calgary. List of Green party leaders in Canada Alberta Greens website
George Read (Ontario politician)
George Read was an Ontario businessman and political figure. He represented Peterborough East in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario as a Conservative member from 1867 to 1874, he was born in Augusta Township in Upper Canada in 1819, the son of United Empire Loyalists who settled in Grenville County. He served as treasurer for Otonabee Township, he died there in 1903. Ontario Legislative Assembly parliamentary history The Canadian parliamentary companion and annual register, 1873, HJ Morgan