National Basketball Association
The National Basketball Association is a men's professional basketball league in North America. It is considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world; the NBA is an active member of USA Basketball, recognized by FIBA as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. NBA players are the world's best paid athletes by average annual salary per player; the league was founded in New York City on June 1946, as the Basketball Association of America. The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with the competing National Basketball League; the league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in New Jersey; the Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States and Canada.
On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now refers to as the first game played in NBA history. The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948–49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.
On August 3, 1949, the remaining NBL teams–Syracuse, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan and Waterloo–merged into the BAA. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed to the present National Basketball Association though the merged league retained the BAA's governing body, including Podoloff. To this day, the NBA claims the BAA's history as its own, it now reckons the arrival of the NBL teams as an expansion, not a merger, does not recognize NBL records and statistics. The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities, as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises: the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Philadelphia Warriors, Minneapolis Lakers, Rochester Royals, Fort Wayne Pistons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks, Syracuse Nationals, all of which remain in the league today.
The process of contraction saw. The Hawks shifted from the Tri-Cities to Milwaukee in 1951, to St. Louis in 1955; the Rochester Royals moved from Rochester, New York, to Cincinnati in 1957 and the Pistons relocated from Fort Wayne, Indiana, to Detroit in 1957. Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks, he remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950. Hunter was cut from the team during training camp, but several African-American players did play in the league that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty. To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.
If a team does not attempt to score a field goal within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, which featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring and rebounding. Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports; the 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from 1959 to 1966; this championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966–67, but regained it in the 1967–68 season and repeated in 1969; the domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.
Through this period, the NBA continued to evolve with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises; the Chicago Packers (now Wa
Cape May Court House, New Jersey
Cape May Court House is an unincorporated community and census-designated place located within Middle Township in Cape May County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the Ocean City Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 5,338. It is the county seat of Cape May County and serves as the principal administrative hub for the township. Cape Regional Medical Center, known as Burdette Tomlin Memorial Hospital until April 2007, is the only hospital in Cape May County; the Cape May County Park and Zoo is located in Cape May Court House. Cape May Court House was laid out in 1703 by Jeremiah Hand and was first called Rumney Marsh and afterward Middleton before the adoption of its present name; the Court of Cape May County met in private homes and the First Baptist Church until 1764, when Daniel Hand set 1-acre of his own property to construct a court house and jail. It was replaced by the current structure in 1849. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 9.899 square miles, including 8.926 square miles of land and 0.973 square miles of water.
The Cape May County Park & Zoo in Cape May Court House provides free year-round admission to a collection of over 550 animals representing 250 species in 85 acres of exhibits. The zoo is located in the center of Cape May County's Central Park, together the zoo and the park cover about 220 acres; the zoo began operation in 1978. Its principal exhibit areas are a 57-acre African Savanna, a free-flight aviary, a reptile collection; the Clarence and Georgiana Davies Sports Complex includes basketball courts, soccer fields, baseball fields. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,338 people, 2,165 households, 1,396.425 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 598.0 per square mile. There were 2,603 housing units at an average density of 291.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.14% White, 9.25% Black or African American, 0.11% Native American, 2.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.92% from other races, 2.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.03% of the population.
There were 2,165 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.5% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals, 15.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 30.6% from 45 to 64, 22.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.1 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 83.4 males. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that median household income was $56,773 and the median family income was $73,618. Males had a median income of $57,109 versus $50,231 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $31,865. About 0.9% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 4,704 people, 1,732 households, 1,221 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 202.3/km2. There were 2,086 housing units at an average density of 89.7/km2. The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.35% White, 10.88% African American, 0.19% Native American, 2.70% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population. There were 1,732 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.5% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07. In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.4 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $48,902, the median income for a family was $56,707. Males had a median income of $39,848 versus $28,043 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $21,541. About 5.3% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over. Middle Township High School Bishop McHugh Regional Catholic School is a K-8 elementary school that operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden and is supported by four parishes in Cape May County. Jessie Creek Winery Natali Vineyards People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise associated with Cape May Court House include: Kevin Bramble, disabled ski racer and monoski designer/builder. Matthew Maher, retired soccer defender, sentenced to five and a half years in prison for first degree aggravated manslaughter and drunken driving.
Matt Szczur, Major League Baseball player for the San Diego Padres. The Cape May County Gazette Local community newspaper The Gazette of Middle Township
Saint Joseph's University
Saint Joseph's University is a private, coeducational Roman Catholic Jesuit university located in Philadelphia and Lower Merion, Pennsylvania. The university was founded by the Society of Jesus in 1851 as Saint Joseph's College. Saint Joseph's is the seventh oldest Jesuit university in the United States and one of 28 member institutions of the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities. Saint Joseph's University educates over 9,200 undergraduate and doctoral students each year through the Erivan K. Haub School of Business, the College of Arts and Sciences, the Program of Professional & Liberal Studies, the Haub Degree Completion Program; the University offers over 60 undergraduate majors, 53 graduate programs, 28 study-abroad programs, 12 special-study options, a co-op program, a joint degree program with Thomas Jefferson University, an Ed. D. in Educational Leadership. It has 17 centers and institutes, including the Kinney Center for Autism Education & Support and the Pedro Arrupe Center for Business Ethics.
In the 2014 U. S. News and World Report rankings, in the Master's Universities category, Saint Joseph's was ranked number 11. St. Joe's athletics teams, the Hawks, are an NCAA Division I program, competing in the Atlantic-10 Conference and Philadelphia's Big 5; the official colors of the university are gray. The school mascot is the Hawk. 38 Jesuits live on campus with 10 serving as faculty. The university's Jesuit community lives in the Loyola Center, directly across the street from Barbelin Hall; the Loyola Center joins the infirmary for Jesuits. The property features a Carriage House which serves as a meeting guest house. Other Jesuit residences include Faber Hall. One Jesuit lives in a residence hall; the university extensively uses its Jesuit identity in its branding. It began the Magis campaign in 2013 to highlight commitment to living "For the greater glory of God", the motto of the Society of Jesus. SJU promotes the Jesuit principle of cura personalis or "care for the whole person." Undergraduates must complete a general education program that focuses on traditional liberal arts disciplines.
Every general education class is titled "154", which stands for the year 1540 AD when the Society of Jesus was accepted by the Pope. On September 27, 2015, Pope Francis, a Jesuit, made a stop at the University during his two-day visit to Philadelphia; the Seal of Saint Joseph's University values. Other Jesuit educational institutions share three of these symbols; the wolves over a kettle pot show the generosity of the Loyola family towards the poor. Tradition claims that the Loyolas provided so much food for their soldiers that the wolves had enough to eat. IHS are the first three letters of the name of Jesus in Greek, the historic monogram of the Society of Jesus; the stripes signify the 7 sons of the House of Loyola. The lily is the distinguishing symbol of the university, honoring Saint Joseph, the school's patron saint; the seal is the graphical representation of its Jesuit identity. On August 15, 2014, President C. Kevin Gillespie, S. J. announced his resignation effective the end of June 2015.
A national search for the next president commenced during 2014–2015 academic year and on April 22, 2015, the Board of Trustees announced Mark C. Reed, of Fairfield University. Reed is the first lay president of Saint Joseph's. All St. Joseph's University undergraduate students complete coursework through the General Education Program focused in four main areas: signature core, integrative learning, overlay courses. In addition, all students are required to complete a first-year seminar. Major coursework includes classes in English composition and literature, philosophy and religious studies, social science, world languages, history; the courses are intended to be aligned with Jesuit ideals of social justice, service learning and real-world application of theory. The GEP is the result of a university-wide curriculum overhaul implemented in the fall of 2010. Of tenure-track faculty, 98% hold the highest possible degrees in their fields; the 2008 graduation rate was 90% and the freshman retention rate for the Class of 2017 is 89.8%.
About 51% of undergraduates are enrolled in the College of Arts and Sciences while 49% are enrolled in the Haub School of Business. The Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education classified Saint Joseph's among "Master's Colleges and Universities". There are 17 centers and institutes including the Faith-Justice Institute, Institute for Catholic Bioethics, Institute for Jewish-Catholic Relations, Kinney Center for Autism Education and Support, Pedro Arrupe Center for Business Ethics, the Richard Johnson Center for Anti-Violence; the university has chapters of Phi Beta Kappa, Beta Gamma Sigma, Alpha Sigma Nu. The College of Arts & Sciences comprises 21 departments, offering a wide array of majors and interdisciplinary minors in the humanities, social sciences, natural science and computer science; the McNulty Scholars Program aims to provide women in STEM fields extensive undergraduate research and mentorship, awarding full and associate level scholarships each year. The Summer Scholars Program awards competitive grants to students every summer to engage in research and creative projects under faculty mentorship.
Graduate degrees in the College of Arts and Sciences include biology, comp
Edward Gottlieb, known as "Mr. Basketball" and "The Mogul", was the first coach and manager of the Philadelphia Warriors in the National Basketball Association, the former owner and coach of the team from 1951 to 1962. A native of Kiev, Ukraine, he was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame as a contributor on April 20, 1972; the NBA Rookie of the Year "Eddie Gottlieb Trophy" is named after Gottlieb. A small, balding man with deep eyes and penchant for wearing bow ties, Gottlieb was described by Red Smith as "a wonderful little guy about the size and shape of a half-keg of beer."Gottlieb organized, played for, the South Philadelphia Hebrew Association teams in the 1920s. Along with a few other sports promoters, he organized the Basketball Association of America, the league that became the NBA. Gottlieb coached the original Philadelphia Warriors, bought the team, sent it to San Francisco in order to expand the game westward, he headed the NBA rules committee for 25 years. When he died at age 81, he had been in charge of NBA scheduling for three decades.
In 1971, he was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. "Gottlieb was about as important to the game of basketball as the basketball", fellow Hall of Famer Harry Litwack said. Gottlieb took on many duties, he started organized leagues. He was in charge of semipro baseball in Philadelphia, made the schedule for the Negro National League, he helped coordinate the overseas tours of the Harlem Globetrotters. The NBA might have been able to get started without him, but it wouldn't have survived. Sportswriter Mike Lupica wrote in a eulogy, "They used to joke that if he got hit by a car and died, the NBA died with him." Gottlieb was involved with sports throughout his life. Born Isadore Gottlieb in 1898 in Kiev, he moved with his family to Philadelphia at the turn of the century. By the time he was a young adult he had not only played on but had coached and operated neighborhood sports teams, he was, by his own admission, a born promoter and organizer, changed his name to Edward. In 1917, when he was 19, Gottlieb organized a team of Jewish players representing the Young Men's Hebrew Association, which supplied the team with uniforms for three years.
The players found a new sponsor with the South Philadelphia Hebrew Association, a social club from which the team derived its new identity, the Philadelphia Sphas. The team wore uniforms with the acronym SPHAs sewn across the chest in Hebrew letters. After the association stopped providing the uniforms, the team kept the unusual name. Having no home court, the team nicknamed themselves "the Wandering Jews". In the early days of the SPHAs, a game was as much a social event. "We played in a lot of dance halls in those early years", Gottlieb told The Associated Press. "It was basketball dancing. A nice Saturday evening for yourself and your date. We used to let the girls in for free, because you couldn't have a dance after the game without the girls. We had no trouble getting the guys to pay for the basketball game when they heard that news."The SPHAs became one of the powerhouses of basketball in the East. The team entered the Philadelphia League and won two consecutive championships, the final two in the league's history.
The SPHAs joined the Eastern League, which went out of business in the same season, forcing the team to book its own games. Gottlieb, an entrepreneur and future schedule maker, had no trouble lining up a series of exhibition games against teams from both New York's Metropolitan League and the American Basketball League, which in 1925–26 began operation as the country's first major professional basketball league; the SPHAs won five of six games against ABL teams in 1925–26, losing only to the league's top club, the Cleveland Rosenblums. The SPHAs defeated two of the game's best touring squads, the New York Original Celtics and the New York Renaissance Five, in best-of-three series. In about six weeks, Gottlieb's team had won nine of 11 contests against the most celebrated squads in basketball. For the next two years Gottlieb devoted his energy to the Philadelphia Warriors, a 1926–27 ABL entry; the Warriors, who featured former SPHAs stars Chick Passon and Stretch Meehan, competed in the ABL for two seasons, posting winning records both years.
The ABL, its decline hastened by the Great Depression, shut down two seasons in 1931. Meanwhile, Gottlieb had rebuilt the SPHAs in 1929 with younger talent, in 1933 the team joined the ABL, which had reorganized as a smaller, regional circuit after a two-year hiatus; the clubs in this reincarnation of the ABL played in small arenas and dance halls, much as teams had in the early 1920s. The SPHAs were the premier team, winning championships in three of the league's first four seasons and taking titles in 7 of 15 years; the club stayed together for 31 years, until 1949, when Gottlieb became too involved with the new Basketball Association of America. Gottlieb sold the SPHAs to Red Klotz in 1950. In the spring of 1946, the United States was celebrating the end of World War II, which had formally ended in September 1945. Peace brought the population leisure time and money for entertainment, basketball was ripe for a move to the big time. College basketball had grown immensely in popularity during the previous 10 years, there was no professional basketball circuit.
The National Basketball League was operating in the Midwest, did not attract the attention of other cities where basketball was popular, such as New York and Boston—which, for nearly half a century, had been the hotbeds of barnstorming teams and fly-by-ni
1957–58 NBA season
The 1957–58 NBA season was the 12th season of the National Basketball Association. The season ended with the St. Louis Hawks winning the NBA Championship, beating the Boston Celtics 4 games to 2 in the NBA Finals; the Pistons relocate from Indiana to Detroit, Michigan. The Royals relocate from New York to Cincinnati. Royals player Maurice Stokes suffers major head injury during the last game of the regular season. Stokes would become paralyzed from the injury and cared for by teammate/life long friend Jack Twyman; the Twyman–Stokes Teammate of the Year Award is given in their honor. The 1958 NBA All-Star Game was played in St. Louis, with the East beating the West 130-118. Local hero Bob Pettit of the St. Louis Hawks wins the game's MVP award. X – clinched playoff spot Note: Prior to the 1969–70 season, league leaders in points and assists were determined by totals rather than averages. Most Valuable Player: Bill Russell, Boston Celtics Rookie of the Year: Woody Sauldsberry, Philadelphia Warriors 1957–58 NBA Season Summary basketball-reference.com.
Retrieved December 10, 2010
The Philadelphia Sphas stylized SPHAs or SPHAS, were an American basketball franchise that existed in professional, semi-professional, exhibition forms. They played their home games in the ballroom of Philadelphia's Broadwood Hotel; the team's name is an acronym, derived from South Philadelphia Hebrew Association, the team's players, at least in its earlier years, were Jewish. Future Philadelphia Warriors owner Eddie Gottlieb founded the team as an amateur group shortly after he and some close friends graduated from high school, it became a professional team; the Sphas played in many leagues around the Philadelphia area and the East Coast, most notably the Eastern Basketball League and the American Basketball League, between which the Sphas won 10 championships. The Sphas won a total of 12 championships, their first two coming from the early Philadelphia League and Philadelphia Basket Ball League; the Sphas' existence began in 1917 as an amateur team by neighborhood friends Eddie Gottlieb, Harry Passon, Hughie Black, who wanted to keep their high school championship team together.
The team's first season took place in the American League of Philadelphia, a minor league that comprised six area teams. They were sponsored by the Young Men's Hebrew Association of South Philadelphia, were called Philadelphia YMHA for that season; the team turned in a 4–11 record, tied for last in the league that year. After that season, the YMHA withdrew its support for the team, citing dissatisfaction with the game's violent nature. After losing their sponsorship from the YMHA, Gottlieb and Black approached the South Philadelphia Hebrew Association about sponsoring the team; the association agreed to sponsor the men, provided funding for uniforms to the team. The new uniforms featured the acronym SPHA in Hebrew across the front. Again, their sponsorial relationship was short-lived, as the SPHA withdrew their sponsorship shortly after for an unspecified reason; the men had better financial solvency this time around, as they opened a sporting goods store, calling it P. G. B. Sporting Goods. With the store, they created new uniforms, but kept the Sphas moniker as a way of paying tribute to their upbringing.
Douglas Stark, author of The SPHAS: The Life and Times of Basketball's Greatest Jewish Team, noted that "or a number of years, the team was known as the Wandering Jews, because the team did not have its own home court."The team continued to play in the American League of Philadelphia after losing their partnership with the SPHA, played in two different leagues during the 1922–23 season: The Manufacturer's League, containing teams from area companies, the Philadelphia League, which consisted of teams from the greater Philadelphia area, a number of them religious. In their single season in the Manufacturer's League, the team turned in an overall 8–6 record, finishing 3rd in the first half of that season and 6th in the second half, their first season in the Philadelphia League was a disappointing one, turning in an 8–11 record and finishing 2nd in the first half of the season, but last in the second half at 1–8. The Sphas' next season in the Philadelphia League would prove more fruitful, as the Sphas turned in a 25–15 record, overcoming a first half slump of 14–13 to finish first in the second half of the season with an 11–3 record.
They went on that year to defeat the Tri-Council Caseys 2–0 for their first championship. For the 1924–25 season, the Philadelphia League reconstituted itself as the Philadelphia Basket Ball League, dropping the number of teams in the league to six; the Sphas continued a strong spate of play, finishing 1st in the first half of the season, third in the second half. They would go on winning 2 -- 1 again over Tri-Council. Due to the success of the Sphas against teams in the Philadelphia area, frustration with playing in the "poorly managed" Eastern League in 1924–25, owner Eddie Gottlieb set up games against professional teams from the newly-formed American Basketball League; the Sphas played a six-game stretch against the Brooklyn Arcadians, Fort Wayne Caseys, Cleveland Rosenblums, Washington Palace Five, a team from New York's Metropolitan League, the Paterson Legionaires. The Sphas won five out of six games in this series, Gottlieb subsequently scheduled games against two top barnstorming teams of the day, the Original Celtics and New York Renaissance.
The Sphas defeated the Original Celtics 2–1 and swept the Rens, 2–0. The team's victories over these top barnstorming teams gave them increased notability in the burgeoning professional basketball community. Riding the wave of victories his team achieved against the ABL and barnstorming teams, Gottlieb entered the Sphas in the ABL, rechristening them the Philadelphia Warriors. During their two years in the ABL as the Warriors, the team performed moderately well, finishing third and fourth in the 1926–27 season. For the 1927–28 season, the ABL split into two divisions; the Warriors finished third with a 30 -- 21 record. This allowed them entry into the playoffs, where they lost to the New York Celtics 2–0. With the 1946 advent of the Basketball Association of America, the immediate predecessor of the NBA, the ABL became a minor-league, the Sphas would remain there as a semi-professional team until 1949. Gottlieb sold the team in 1950 to a former Spha. 1949 would be the last year the Sphas were affiliated with a league, but thanks to Gottlieb's friendship with Abe Saperstein and owner of
Golden State Warriors
The Golden State Warriors are an American professional basketball team based in Oakland, California. The Warriors compete in the National Basketball Association, as a member of the league's Western Conference Pacific Division. Founded in 1946 in Philadelphia, the Warriors relocated to the San Francisco Bay Area in 1962 and took the city's name, before changing its geographic moniker to Golden State in 1971, they play their home games at the Oracle Arena. The Warriors won the inaugural Basketball Association of America championship in 1947, won its second championship in 1956, led by Hall of Fame trio Paul Arizin, Tom Gola, Neil Johnston. However, the Warriors would not return to similar heights in Philadelphia, after a brief rebuilding period following the trade of star Wilt Chamberlain, the team moved to San Francisco. With star players Jamaal Wilkes and Rick Barry, the Warriors returned to title contention, won their third championship in 1975, in what is considered one of the biggest upsets in NBA history.
This would precede another period of struggle in the 1980s, before becoming playoff regulars at the turn of the decade with stars Tim Hardaway, Mitch Richmond, Chris Mullin, colloquially referred to as "Run TMC". After failing to capture a championship, the team entered another rebuilding phase in the 2000s; the Warriors' fortunes changed in the 2010s. After drafting perennial All-Stars Klay Thompson and Draymond Green, the team returned to championship glory in 2015, before winning another two in 2017 and 2018 with the help of former league MVP Kevin Durant. Nicknamed the Dubs as a shortening of "W's", the Warriors hold several NBA records. With the combined shooting of Curry and Thompson, they are credited as one of the greatest backcourts of all time; the team's six NBA championships are tied for third-most in NBA history with the Chicago Bulls. According to Forbes, the Warriors are the seventh highest valued sports franchise in the United States, joint-tenth in the world, with an estimated value of $3.1 billion.
The Warriors were founded in 1946 as the Philadelphia Warriors, a charter member of the Basketball Association of America. They were owned by Peter A. Tyrrell, who owned the Philadelphia Rockets of the American Hockey League. Tyrrell hired Eddie Gottlieb, a longtime basketball promoter in the Philadelphia area, as coach and general manager; the owners named the team after the Philadelphia Warriors, an old basketball team who played in the American Basketball League in 1925. Led by early scoring sensation Joe Fulks, the team won the championship in the league's inaugural 1946–47 season by defeating the Chicago Stags, four games to one; the NBA, created by a 1949 merger recognizes that as its own first championship. Gottlieb bought the team in 1951; the Warriors won its next championship in Philadelphia in the 1955–56 season, defeating the Fort Wayne Pistons four games to one. The Warrior stars of this era were future Hall of Tom Gola and Neil Johnston. In 1959, the team signed draft pick Wilt Chamberlain.
Known as "Wilt the Stilt", he led the team in scoring six times began shattering NBA scoring records and changed the NBA style of play forever. On March 2, 1962, in a Warrior "home" game played on a neutral court in Hershey, Chamberlain scored 100 points against the New York Knicks, a single-game record the NBA ranks among its finest moments. In 1962, Franklin Mieuli purchased the majority shares of the team and relocated the franchise to the San Francisco Bay Area, renaming them the San Francisco Warriors; the Warriors played most of their home games at the Cow Palace in Daly City from 1962 to 1964 and the San Francisco Civic Auditorium from 1964 to 1966, though playing home games in nearby cities such as Oakland and San Jose. Prior to the 1963–64 NBA season, the Warriors drafted big man Nate Thurmond to go along with Chamberlain; the Warriors won the Western Division crown that season, but lost the 1964 NBA Finals to the Boston Celtics, four games to one. In the 1964–65 season, the Warriors traded Chamberlain to the Philadelphia 76ers for Connie Dierking, Lee Shaffer, Paul Neumann and $150,000 and won only 17 games.
In 1965, they drafted Rick Barry in the first round who went on to become NBA Rookie of the Year that season and led the Warriors to the NBA Finals in the 1966–67 season, losing to Chamberlain's new team that had replaced the Warriors in Philadelphia, the 76ers. Angered by management's failure to pay him certain incentive bonuses he felt were due him, Barry sat out the 1967–68 season and signed with the Oakland Oaks of the rival American Basketball Association for the following year, but after four seasons in the ABA rejoined the Warriors in 1972. During Barry's absence, the Warriors were no longer title contenders, the mantle of leadership fell to Thurmond, Jeff Mullins and Rudy LaRusso, they began scheduling more home games in Oakland with the opening of the Oakland Coliseum Arena in 1966 and the 1970–71 season would be the team's last as the San Francisco Warriors. The franchise adopted its brand name Golden State Warriors prior to the 1971–72 season, in order to suggest that the team represented the entire state of California.
All home games were played in Oakland that season. Oakland Arena became the team's exclusive home court in 1971; the Warriors made the playoffs from 1971 to 1977 except in 1974, won their first NBA championship on t