George Thompson (shipowner)
George Thompson was a Scottish Liberal politician, The Lord Provost of Aberdeen and MP for city. He was the founder of the Aberdeen Line shipping company, his father, Andrew Thomson, served in the Royal Regiment of Artillery before joining the East India Company in 1805. George Thompson, always known as George Thompson Junior to distinguish himself from his grandfather, was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School, he joined the Aberdeen office of the London Shipping Company. In 1825, aged 21, he set up his own business as a ship and insurance broker, with offices in Aberdeen. In the same year his name first appeared as a subscribing owner of a small Aberdeen ship, his shipowning interests developed, he traded the imports which his vessels brought back to Aberdeen. George Thompson served as Provost of Aberdeen from 1847 to 1850; the highlight of his term of office was welcoming Queen Victoria and Prince Albert to Aberdeen on 8 September 1848. They were on their way to Balmoral for the first time; this was the first occasion a monarch had visited Aberdeen since 1650.
A crowd of 80,000 people turned out to greet her. In 1852 he was persuaded to stand as a Liberal candidate for Aberdeen and defeated another Liberal, Andrew Leith Hay by 682 votes to 478, he was an advocate of further parliamentary reform, associated with Richard Cobden and John Bright in the repeal of the Corn Laws. After retiring from Parliament in 1857, he took no further part in politics. In his first 15 years Thompson operated a seasonal liner service to Canada and built up a fleet of a dozen vessels with trades extending to Cuba, South America, the Baltic, the Mediterranean, South Africa and the Far East. 1840 saw the launch of the first ship built at Walter Hood's yard in Aberdeen for Thompson, this yard built most of his ships up to 1881. They included some of the world's finest clippers. In 1842 one of his ships undertook an emigrant charter to New Zealand, in the same year his first ship visited Australia. By 1846 his ships had become established in the Australian trade; this was to Sydney, but with the discovery of gold at Ballarat the ships traded to Melbourne.
Thompson first established the Aberdeen Line on the Australian trade in his own right in 1856. From that time, Thompson's ships were distinguished by their green-painted hulls, their white masts and yards and the red and blue house flag with the six-pointed white star which gave rise to the alternative name. Thompson entered the China tea trade in 1848. A regular voyage pattern was soon established: London to Australia with passengers and general cargo; the famous clipper Thermopylae was designed for this trade. On her maiden voyage in 1869 she broke records for London to Melbourne, Newcastle to Shanghai and Foochow to London. Ousted from the tea trade by steamers in 1879, Thermopylae was deployed as a wool clipper on the Australian trade. In both the Chinese tea trade and the Australian wool trade her chief rival was Cutty Sark. Thermopylae was one of only two composite ships owned by Thompson. Thereafter his ships were constructed of iron, they included Samuel Plimsoll. George Thompson had adopted the famous loadline recommendations long before they became mandatory in 1890.
In 1881 Walter Hood's yard was sold. From on the Line built up an initial fleet of five steamers: Aberdeen, Damascus and Nineveh, they steamed out to Australia via Cape Town and returned via the Suez Canal, but from 1895 they came back via Cape Town. Thompson died in 1895, his safety track record as a shipowner had been exceptional losing a ship, he never insured his ships against loss. Instead he invested the money he had saved in insurance premiums in the purchase of new ships and the maintenance of his existing ships. In this way he developed what has been called'one of the greatest Lines in British merchant navy history'. In 1830 Thompson married Christiana Kidd, a daughter of James Kidd, an evangelical preacher, they had four daughters. One daughter married William Henderson, who would succeed him as chairman of the Line and serve as Lord Provost of Aberdeen, being knighted in 1893. In 1908 Thompson's granddaughter, Muriel Thompson, won the first Ladies' Race at Brooklands race track. During World War I she was an ambulance driver with the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry.
For her bravery under fire she received the Ordre de Leopold II, the Croix de Guerre and the Military Medal, was mentioned in despatches. His great grandchildren included Lord Devlin, the youngest High Court judge to be appointed in the 20th century and subsequently a Law Lord, Alison Leggatt, a noted character actress. Thompson was a generous supporter of the Free Church of Scotland, has been described as Aberdeen's most generous benefactor of his age, he supported an extension of the Aberdeen Royal Infirmary and bestowed money on the University of Aberdeen to provide bursaries in medicine. In life he lived at Pitmedden House, his estate to the west of Aberdeen, he was a Deputy Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire. He is buried with his wife and some of their children in the family plot in the United Free Church graveyard at Dyce. Parts of article was compiled in July 2010 by relatives of George Thompson, with help from historian Captain Peter King MacDonagh, Oliver. "The Anti-Imperialism of Free Trade".
The Economic History Review. New Series. 14: 489–501. Doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1962.tb00063.x. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Thomps
George Thompson (engineer)
Teniente-Coronel George Thompson was an English engineer, was in charge of the Paraguayan military engineering in the Paraguayan War. He was the author of an important source on its history; because of his efforts and the valour of the ordinary Paraguayans, the Allies found it much harder to defeat Paraguay than they had imagined. Thompson was born at Greenwich on 26 March 1839. In 1849 he was sent to a school near Stuttgart, which he left in 1852, continuing his studies near London until 1854. From 1855 to 1857 he served an apprenticeship at the government works at Malta, was put on the engineering staff of the gasworks in that island, he returned to England in 1857, soon afterwards was engaged for one year as a draughtsman at a locomotive works. That was the total sum of his engineering experience when he left for South America in 1858, aged 19. In the middle of the nineteenth century the government of Carlos Antonio López determined to open up Paraguay to modern technology, hiring for that purpose a considerable number of technicians British.
In September 1858 Thompson joined the staff of the Asunción and Villa Rica railway in Paraguay, working under the British engineers George Paddison and Valpy. Although a young man, he was soon considered to be one of the best Guaraní scholars amongst the English, besides speaking fluently five or six other languages; the war between Paraguay and the allied forces of Brazil and the Argentine and Uruguayan Republics having broken out, Thompson, in 1865, offered his services as a military engineer to the Paraguayan President, Francisco Solano López, this offer being accepted, he joined the army in June of that year, took a prominent part in the war until the end of 1868. At the war’s outbreak Thompson was a railway engineer and he had no military experience at all. Furthermore, throughout the war, Paraguay’s nominal chief military engineer, Hungarian colonel Wisner de Morgenstern was ill, so the work fell on Thompson’s shoulders, thus it was that an untried 26-year-old man became the de facto chief military engineer of the Paraguayan army: I had no pretensions to a knowledge of military engineering or artillery beyond what I could pick up from some books which I was able to obtain in Paraguay, which I studied for the occasion.
The principal of these were Macaulay’s ‘’Field Fortification’’ and ‘’The Professional Papers of the Corps of Royal Engineers’’ and various works on artillery. Improvising, he used the material and human resources of the country and made earthworks and artillery emplacements, his most notable works were the fortifications of Angostura and the trenches – constructed, overnight, in daring proximity to the Allies' positions – of the Boquerón del Sauce and Curupaity. Thompson was promoted to the rank of lieutenant- colonel in the Paraguayan army, received from President Lopez the decoration of ‘’Caballero del órden del mérito’’. Although obliged to capitulate at Angostura, the allies allowed him the honours of war, as he refused to surrender at discretion. A few months were passed in England in 1869, during which he wrote The War in Paraguay: With a Historical Sketch of the Country and Its People and Notes Upon the Military Engineering of the War. Since Thompson had been the foreigner with best access to President López – from whom he took his orders in Guaraní – and privy to many military matters, the book is an important source on the history of the war.
Thompson returned to South America and married a Paraguayan woman by whom he had three children. After some topographical work in Córdoba, Argentina In 1870 he returned to Paraguay and became the Engineer and Manager of the Asunción – Villa Rica railway, he died in Asunción in March 1876, aged 37. Institution of Civil Engineers Obituaries. "George Thompson". Grace’s Guide. Retrieved 15 May 2017. Plá, Josefina; the British in Paraguay 1850-1870. The Richmond Publishing Co in association with St Antony’s College, Oxford. Thompson, George; the War In Paraguay: With a Historical Sketch of the Country and Its People and Notes Upon the Military Engineering of the War. London: Longman’s, Green and Co. Washburn, Charles; the History of Paraguay: With Notes of Personal Observations, Reminiscences of Diplomacy Under Difficulties, vol. 2. Boston: Lee and Shephard. Whigham, Thomas L.. The Paraguayan War, Volume 1, Causes and Conflict. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-4786-9. Batería paraguaya en Angostura dirigida por los comandantes Carrillo y Thompson: watercolour, Museo Histórico de Buenos Aires "Brigadier General Cornelio de Saavedra"
George Thompson (abolitionist)
George Donisthorpe Thompson was a British antislavery orator and activist who worked towards the abolition of slavery through lecture tours and legislation while serving as a Member of Parliament. He was arguably one of the most important abolitionists and human rights lecturers in the United Kingdom and the United States. Thompson had little formal education and was self-taught. In early adulthood, he began a life of professional activism, starting with his role in founding a mutual improvement society at the age of eighteen, as well as his membership in debate societies; this suggests the issues of the day. His father worked aboard a slave trading vessel, his stories of the horrors of the slave trade planted the issue in the younger Thompson’s mind from an early age, he recalls the stories that his father told in some of his writings, recounting his father’s observations of the inhumane treatment of slaves. Thompson had little knowledge of slavery, though he had gained a reputation as an able orator.
He was hired by the society to try to get slavery abolished on moral and religious grounds, a concept called "immediatism." He took up the dissemination of the Society's creed: "To uphold slavery is a crime before God, the condition must, therefore, be abolished." In 1832 he travelled to Scotland, where he gained an interest in the abolition of slavery in the United States and other parts of the world. While in Scotland he met William Lloyd Garrison who would remain a lifelong friend and colleague, as well as Nathaniel Paul, an African American abolitionist. Thompson was invited by Garrison to visit New-England and this proposal was not only accepted by his supporters in Glasgow but the Edinburgh Emancipation Society was formed in order that it too could back Thompson's journey. From 1836-1847 he was active in every major anti-slavery debate in Britain, including the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London on 12 July 1840. In 1847 was elected to the British House of Commons, as a Member of Parliament for Tower Hamlets.
Thompson was an advocate of East Indian reform, free trade, Chartism and the peace movement. However, he was most prominent in his work to eliminate slavery at home and abroad protesting legislation that offered limited or gradual restriction on slavery. Favoring a quick and decisive emancipation of all slaves, he was unsatisfied with the British Emancipation Act of 1833, because it forced slaves to work as apprentices for six years after their "liberation." He, used his position in Parliament to push for additional legislation. George Thompson was an active lecturer, he willingly pointed out the role that America played in the perpetuation of slavery, he first traveled to the United States in 1834, where he attracted the attention of pro-slavery men, escaped being captured by them after one of his lecturing sessions. The resistance to his platform did not abate, he was forced to return to Britain, via Tasmania; the Hobart Town Courier newspapoer, 8 Jul 1836, carried a letter, penned by Thompson in November of the previous year, intended for Patrick Letham of Glasgow.
In his letter, Thompson states that he had arrived "within the hour" at New Brunswick by British brig, having "..left the United States to escape the assassins knife.." The editor's note adds. Thompson’s return to the United States in 1850 was brought about by the Fugitive Slave Law, he was this time quite popular among proponents of abolitionism, now that the movement had increased in size and influence as the 1850s wore on. In 1859, his son in law, Frederick William Chesson and Thompson founded the London Emancipation Society which supported the Union side in the American Civil War. During this final visit in 1864, he allied with William Wells Brown in advocating the destruction of slavery, he met Abraham Lincoln, both supported and witnessed the final destruction of the Confederacy at Fort Sumter in 1865. He was involved in the setting up of British India Society in 1839, he was the President of the Bengal British India Society, established in 1843. Thompson became ill and traveled back to his home country, where he died in 1878.
While his advocacy of abolitionism went unnoticed after his death, his efforts to effect a worldwide abolitionist movement cannot be ignored. His profession as activist allowed him to make a living by supporting the cause that he cared about, as well as enabling him to make unprecedented steps in freeing enslaved peoples around the world. Thompson had several children who survived to adulthood: Louisa Eliza Spry, Amelia Ann Everard, George Herbert, Edith. Another son, named after William Lloyd Garrison, died aged 15. A daughter, named after Elizabeth Pease, died aged 6. Works by George Thompson at Project Gutenberg Works by or about George Thompson at Internet Archive Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Thompson, George". Dictionary of National Biography. 56. London: Smith, Elder & Co; the Liberator Files, Items concerning George Thompson from Horace Seldon's collection and summary of research of William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator original copies at the Boston Public Library, Massachusetts. Thompson Chesson Scrapbooks From the Rare Book and Special Collections Division at the Library of Congress
George William Thompson
George William Thompson is an American international trade attorney, an adjunct professor at George Mason University Schar School of Policy and Government and a published author on international trade. He has his own firm and Associates, in Washington, DC. Thompson attended the State University of New York and graduated in 1978, he attended the Cornell Law School and received the degree of Juris Doctor in 1981. In 1987, Thompson became an Attorney Advisor in the General Counsel’s Office of the U. S. International Trade Commission and litigated numerous cases on the Commission’s behalf during his six-year tenure, he was involved in several important cases of the day including litigation involving a dispute with Canada over softwood lumber imports and with Norway over the dumping of salmon in U. S. markets and the investigations concerning Flat-Rolled Carbon Steel Products from numerous countries. For 14 months, he was detailed to the Office of the U. S. Trade Representative and was involved in dispute resolution cases concerning the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs.
He has worked for the New York international trade law firm of Donohue & Donohue and the Washington, DC firms of Plaia Schaumberg & deKieffer and Martin, Neville Peterson in which he became a partner. In 1995, he became an Adjunct Professor at the George Mason University Schar School of Policy and Government. Today, he teaches courses entitled ABCs of Importing and Exporting, International Contract Negotiation, Export Controls and Compliance. In 2008, he was appointed a World Trade Organization Arbitrator as a member of the U. S. Roster Dispute Resolution Panel. Thompson started his own law firm in August 2014, Thompson and Associates, located in Washington, DC, he focusses on counseling regarding international trade issues. His clients have included Xerox, Polaris Industries and others, he is admitted to the following bars: State of New York, District of Columbia, United States Court of International Trade and Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. Thompson has co-authored several publications regarding international trade issues.
Transnational Contracts, Thomson-Reuters, 2011-2016. ISBN 9780379102000 Intellectual Property Rights and United States International Trade Laws, Oxford University Press, 2003 ISBN 9780379214383 Exporting: Regulations, Procedures, Global Training Center, 2015 ISBN 1-891249-45-2 Managing Forwarders, Brokers & Carriers in Your International Supply Chain, Global Training Center, 2015. ISBN 1-891249-44-4 Customs Law and Administration. Thomson Reuters, 2011-2015. ISBN 9780379208023 Judicial Review of International Trade Commission Determinations from October 1990 to September 1992, International business Journal, v. 25, n. 1, Fall, 1993. Political and Policy Dimensions of Foreign Trade Zones, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law. v. 18, 1987. Thompson & Associates, PLLC Faculty Page, George Mason University Schar School of Policy and Government
George F. Thompson
George F. Thompson was an American lawyer and politician from New York, he was born on July 1870 in Saratoga Springs, New York. His family moved to Royalton in 1883, he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1893, practiced law in Middleport. He was elected a Justice of the Peace in 1895. Thompson was a Republican member of the New York State Assembly in 1904 and 1905, he was a member of the New York State Senate from 1913 to 1920, sitting in the 136th, 137th, 138th, 139th, 140th, 141st, 142nd and 143rd New York State Legislatures. In September 1920, Thompson lost the Republican primary for Governor to Nathan L. Miller. In November, he ran at the New York state election, 1920, on the Prohibition ticket for the office but was again defeated by Miller. Official New York from Cleveland to Hughes by Charles Elliott Fitch PRIMARY RIVALS CLASH TOMORROW in NYT on September 13, 1920 G. F. THOMPSON DIES.
George Thompson (VC)
George Thompson VC was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Thompson was born in Trinity Gask and educated at Portmoak Primary School and Kinross High School. After being apprenticed to a grocer in Kinross he joined the Local Defence Volunteers when the Second World War began. In January 1941 he joined the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, training as a ground crew wireless operator and serving in Iraq, he volunteered for aircrew and was posted to RAF Bomber Command. He was 24 years old and a Flight Sergeant in No. 9 Squadron when the deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 1 January 1945 in an attack on the Dortmund-Ems Canal, Lancaster bomber serial PD377, after releasing its bombs, was hit by two shells and a raging fire broke out. Flight Sergeant Thompson, the wireless operator, seeing that the mid-upper gun turret was ablaze, went at once through the smoke filled fuselage into the fire and exploding ammunition in the turret to help the gunner to a place of relative safety.
He extinguished his burning clothing with his bare hands and in doing so sustained serious burns to his legs and face. He went to the rear turret, ablaze and again used his burnt bare hands to beat out flames on the gunner's clothing. Despite his shocking state of burns and charred clothing, he returned through the burning fuselage to report to the pilot; the crippled aircraft crash-landed. Flight Sergeant Thompson began to recover from his injuries in hospital but died of pneumonia three weeks later. Thompson's Victoria Cross is displayed at the National War Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh Castle, Scotland. George Thompson is commemorated on The Portmoak Parish War Memorial, located within the grounds of The Bishopshire Golf Club at Portmoak in the county of Perth & Kinross, Scotland. British VCs of World War 2 Monuments to Courage The Register of the Victoria Cross Scotland's Forgotten Valour CWGC entry George Thompson VC at Kinross Museum
George Peter Thompson
George Peter Thompson was a Liberian-born educator and pioneer missionary of the Basel Evangelical Missionary Society of Switzerland. He was the first African to be educated in Europe by the mission and subsequently, the first African to be consecrated and ordained a Basel missionary. Thompson was part of the Basel Mission team led by Danish missionary, Andreas Riis that recruited 24 West Indian missionaries from Jamaica and Antigua in 1843, to aid the work of the society. Together with the Jamaican educator-missionaries, Alexander Worthy Clerk and Catherine Mulgrave, George Thompson was a co-founder and the first principal of the all boys’ middle boarding school, the Salem School, established in November 1843. Born in 1819 in Cape Mount, George Peter Thompson was orphaned as a child, he was taken to Europe by the Basel missionary, the Rev. Jacob F. Sessing in 1829, when he was about ten years old. On the basis of his names, his parents were either of Americo-Liberian stock or Sierra Leonean Creole ancestry, descendants of freed slaves from the Americas.
Sessing had gone to Cape Mount, Liberia in 1826 as a Basel missionary to set up a religious station or outpost but was unable to win any Christian converts as the natives viewed Christianity as a Western religion. In a conversation with Jove, the paramount chieftain of the Bassa ethnic peoples of coastal Liberia, Sessing recalled the king reiterating the held notion in nineteenth century colonial West Africa that the Bible was a book for Europeans while fetish or idolatry was central to African traditional beliefs; the Basel mission abandoned its activities in Liberia. Thompson was raised in various European mission houses in Germany, he had his early education at a boarding school in Beuggen, Baden-Wurttemberg, from where the Pietist movement originated. From 1837 to 1842, he studied at the Basel Mission Seminary, a training school and seminary in Basel, where he was trained in theology, pedagogy and languages, his consecration was in the summer of 1842 in the Basel Minster. As a result of his Pietist upbringing in Germany and Switzerland, Thompson was culturally European and fluent in English and German.
Beginning in 1828, the first groups of missionaries who arrived from Switzerland and Germany under the aegis of the Basel Mission did not survive the tropical environment. In 1832, Danish missionary, Andreas Riis arrived on the Gold Coast, accompanied by Peter Petersen Jager, a Schleswig native, born in 1808 and Christian Friedrich Heinze, a medical doctor from Sachsen, born in 1804. By July 1832, both Jager and Heinze had passed away from tropical ailment. Riis himself was on the brink of death from fever, he was however cured by a native herbalist. For eight years, Riis remained on the Gold Coast but the missionary endeavour was unsuccessful. Riis’ weak condition, the unfavourable climate and the European missionary death toll, exceeding eighty percent, forced the Home Committee of the Basel Mission Society to abandon the mission enterprise and recall Riis in 1839, just as it had done earlier in Liberia. According to oral traditions, at a farewell durbar organised in honour of Riis, the king of Akuapem, Nana Addo Dankwa, is known to have stated, “How can you expect so much from us?
You have been staying among us all along for a short time only. When God created the world, He made the Book for the European and animism for the African, but if you could show us some Africans who could read the Bible we would follow you.” The paramount chief's address gave the Basel Mission a philosophical message to ponder. The turning point for Christian evangelism in Africa happened when attempts were made to involve freed ex-slaves and their progeny from the Caribbean in the mission to Africa. A similar idea had been passed on by English missions in London to Basel but the final decision on West Indian recruitment was motivated by the chief’s message to Riis. Riis arrived at the Basel headquarters on 7 July 1840 and consulted with the Home Committee that had decided to end the mission’s West African evangelical effort. Riis asked the committee members to re-evaluate their decision by narrating Nana Addo Dankwa’s valedictory speech to the Basel directors, they agreed to go to the West Indies to find qualified Afro-Caribbean Christian missionaries who could adapt to the West African climate.
Moreover, the Caribbean missionaries would prove to the Gold Coast locals that Christianity was indeed practised by all and sundry irrespective of ethnic heritage. In 1842, the Home Committee selected the newly minted missionaries, Johann Georg Widmann and the assistant missionary, Hermann Halleur to go to the British and Danish-controlled West Indies to recruit black Moravian Christians. On 28 May 1842, Andreas Riis and his wife, Anna Wolters and Thompson left Basel for the British leeward island of Antigua in the West Indies via Gravesend and Liverpool for the recruitment exercise while Halleur was sent to the Gold Coast to prepare for the logistics for the arrival of the West Indians. With the help of James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin, the Governor of Jamaica at the time, the Rev. Jacob Zorn, the Superintendent of the Moravian Mission in Jamaica, Thompson’s benefactor, the Rev. J. F. Sessing and the Rev. J. Miller, a representative of the Africa Civilization Society, Riis was able to recruit candidates after a mass campaign across the island and a rigorous selection process.
Many of the prospective candidates were considered unfit in character: quite a few were lapsed Christians while one wanted to go on an African expedition to mine gold. Another had a sickly wife, too ill to travel whereas other potential recruits wished to the motherland as pa