Swansea Bay is a bay on the southern coast of Wales. The River Neath, River Tawe, River Afan, River Kenfig and Clyne River flow into the bay. Swansea Bay and the upper reaches of the Bristol Channel experience a large tidal range; the shipping ports in Swansea Bay are Port Talbot Docks and Briton Ferry wharfs. Each stretch of beach within the bay has its own individual name: Aberavon Beach Baglan Bay Jersey Marine Beach Swansea Beach Mumbles Beach Oyster fishing was once an important industry in Swansea Bay, employing 600 people at its height in the 1860s. However, overfishing and pollution had all but wiped out the oyster population by 1920. In 2005, plans were announced to reintroduce the Oyster farming industry. For the last two decades of the 20th century, the bay was blighted by pollution from the surrounding heavy industry and from sewerage outlets being sited at inappropriate locations including the main one, located just seaward of Mumbles Lighthouse. A pumping station inside the cliff adjacent to Knab Rock brought all of Swansea city's effluent in a raw form to this point.
Adding to the problem was the natural current flow of the waters in the Bay which did not move the polluted waters further out to sea. The outgoing tide did not carry the raw sewage down the adjacent Bristol Channel, but instead cause it to be sucked in around the circumference of the Bay and only out down the Channel. If not discharged on that tide, the incoming tide would push the same effluent up the Channel, once again circulate around the Bay. Efforts were made by the local authority to reduce the pollution in the Bay but care had to be taken to ensure the pollution did not move to the popular beach resorts in south Gower instead; this original sewer outlet was made inactive in around 1996 following the construction of a brand new pipeline which ran all the way back around the Bay following the line of the old Mumbles Railway as far as Beach Street, along the sea-side of the Maritime Quarter and through Swansea Docks to a new £90 million sewage treatment plant at Crymlyn Burrows near Port Tennant from which a new outlet was made, extending further out to sea.
As a consequence of the huge improvement these works have made, it is hoped that Swansea Bay will achieve Blue Flag Beach status. Aberavon beach was awarded Blue Flag status in December 2007. There is one existing GE built gas-fired power station located just inland at Baglan Bay. A second gas fired power station, the "Abernedd Power Station" has been approved for construction. A new biomass power station has been approved for construction near the coast at Port Talbot. Swansea Bay has one of the highest tidal ranges in the world; this offers a potential for electricity generation using tidal lagoons. A proposal has been put forward by Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay Ltd. for a tidal lagoon to be constructed. The tidal lagoon would be sited just south of the Queen's Dock between River Tawe and River Neath estuaries; this project is controversial due to the amount of subsidy required to make the project viable and because of the potential damage to an AONB and MCZ in Cornwall where Tidal Lagoon Swansea Bay seek to re-open a disused quarry at Dean Point from which to source the rock for the lagoon.
In addition to tidal power, construction of an offshore windfarm in the Bay has been approved, but construction has now been deferred owing to the costs involved. The windfarm was to have been sited at Scarweather Sands, about 5 km off the coast and visible from Porthcawl. Swansea Bay Official site from South West Wales Tourist Board An interactive, social networking and tourism web site based on the Gower Peninsula. Www.geograph.co.uk: photos of Swansea Bay and surrounding area
Kingdom of Great Britain
The Kingdom of Great Britain called Great Britain, was a sovereign state in western Europe from 1 May 1707 to 31 December 1800. The state came into being following the Treaty of Union in 1706, ratified by the Acts of Union 1707, which united the kingdoms of England and Scotland to form a single kingdom encompassing the whole island of Great Britain and its outlying islands, with the exception of the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands; the unitary state was governed by a single parliament and government, based in Westminster. The former kingdoms had been in personal union since James VI of Scotland became King of England and King of Ireland in 1603 following the death of Elizabeth I, bringing about the "Union of the Crowns". After the accession of George I to the throne of Great Britain in 1714, the kingdom was in a personal union with the Electorate of Hanover; the early years of the unified kingdom were marked by Jacobite risings which ended in defeat for the Stuart cause at Culloden in 1746.
In 1763, victory in the Seven Years' War led to the dominance of the British Empire, to become the foremost global power for over a century and grew to become the largest empire in history. The Kingdom of Great Britain was replaced by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801 with the Acts of Union 1800; the name Britain descends from the Latin name for the island of Great Britain, Britannia or Brittānia, the land of the Britons via the Old French Bretaigne and Middle English Bretayne, Breteyne. The term Great Britain was first used in 1474; the use of the word "Great" before "Britain" originates in the French language, which uses Bretagne for both Britain and Brittany. French therefore distinguishes between the two by calling Britain la Grande Bretagne, a distinction, transferred into English; the Treaty of Union and the subsequent Acts of Union state that England and Scotland were to be "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain", as such "Great Britain" was the official name of the state, as well as being used in titles such as "Parliament of Great Britain".
Both the Acts and the Treaty describe the country as "One Kingdom" and a "United Kingdom", which has led some much publications into the error of treating the "United Kingdom" as a name before it came into being in 1801. The websites of the Scottish Parliament, the BBC, others, including the Historical Association, refer to the state created on 1 May 1707 as the United Kingdom of Great Britain; the term United Kingdom was sometimes used during the 18th century to describe the state, but was not its name. The kingdoms of England and Scotland, both in existence from the 9th century, were separate states until 1707. However, they had come into a personal union in 1603, when James VI of Scotland became king of England under the name of James I; this Union of the Crowns under the House of Stuart meant that the whole of the island of Great Britain was now ruled by a single monarch, who by virtue of holding the English crown ruled over the Kingdom of Ireland. Each of the three kingdoms maintained laws.
Various smaller islands were in the king's domain, including the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. This disposition changed when the Acts of Union 1707 came into force, with a single unified Crown of Great Britain and a single unified parliament. Ireland remained formally separate, with its own parliament, until the Acts of Union 1800; the Union of 1707 provided for a Protestant-only succession to the throne in accordance with the English Act of Settlement of 1701. The Act of Settlement required that the heir to the English throne be a descendant of the Electress Sophia of Hanover and not be a Catholic. Legislative power was vested in the Parliament of Great Britain, which replaced both the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. In practice it was a continuation of the English parliament, sitting at the same location in Westminster, expanded to include representation from Scotland; as with the former Parliament of England and the modern Parliament of the United Kingdom, the Parliament of Great Britain was formally constituted of three elements: the House of Commons, the House of Lords, the Crown.
The right of the English peerage to sit in the House of Lords remained unchanged, while the disproportionately large Scottish peerage was permitted to send only 16 representative peers, elected from amongst their number for the life of each parliament. The members of the former English House of Commons continued as members of the British House of Commons, but as a reflection of the relative tax bases of the two countries the number of Scottish representatives was reduced to 45. Newly created peers in the Peerage of Great Britain were given the automatic right to sit in the Lords. Despite the end of a separate parliament for Scotland, it retained its own laws and system of courts, As its own established Presbyterian Church, control over its own schools; the social structure was hierarchical, the same elite remain in control after 1707. Scotland continued to have its own excellent universities, with the strong intellectual community in Edinburgh, The Scottish Enlightenment had a major impact on British and European thinking.
As a result of Poynings' Law of 1495, the Parliament of Ireland was subordinate to the Parliament of England, after 1707 to the Parliament of Great Britain. The Westminster parliament's Declaratory Act 1719 (also called the Dependency of Ireland
Squerryes Court is a late 17th-century manor house that stands just outside the town of Westerham in Kent. The house, held by the same family for over 280 years, is surrounded by extensive gardens and parkland and is a grade I listed building; the site has been inhabited for at least 800 years. According to the Domesday Book, in 1086 the Manor of Westerham was held by Earl Eustace de Boulogne, granted to him by William the Conqueror. Before that it was held by Earl Godwin under Edward the Confessor. A substantial timber-framed hall house stood on this site before the present house was built between 1681 and 1685. From before 1272 it was owned by the Squery family, whose arms were A squirrel browsing on a hazelnut, until Sir Thomas Squery died in 1439 without male descendants, his daughter Margaret inherited, on her death in 1448 the estate went to her son William Crowmer. The land changed hands many times; the house is set on a terrace and has a two-storey central block of seven bays under a steep, hipped slate roof with pedimented gables and dormers.
It is a oblong house, constructed of mellow orange brick. The original building was built flanked by two small wings forming a forecourt, but these were demolished and replaced in the 19th century; the replacement wings were themselves torn down after the Second World War and only the main block now remain. In 1700, the property was sold by Sir Nicholas's son to Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey; the third earl sold it in 1731 to John Warde, whose great uncle Sir Patience Warde had been Lord Mayor of London in 1680. Subsequently, his father achieved that office as well as becoming one of the first Governors of the Bank of England; the building, in early Georgian style, houses a fine collection of Old Master paintings from the Italian, 17th century Dutch and 18th century English schools, together with furniture and tapestries, all of which were acquired or commissioned by the family in the 18th century. Items connected with General James Wolfe, victor of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham and a friend of the Warde family, are on display.
The house and gardens were open to the public for tours from 1952 until September 2012, when the Warde family moved into the house. The gardens at Squerryes Court cover some 10 acres and include a dovecote, lake and parterres. Just after the house was built, they were laid out in formal style; when the Warde family acquired the estate in 1731, they reshaped the garden to adhere to the more fashionable natural landscape style. During the Great Storm of 1987, 147 trees fell in the garden, after which the Warde family began redesigning the garden in the old formal style based on the original plans and a print dated 1709; the Squerryes Estate consists of 2,500 acres and borders Surrey to the west and Greater London to the north. All the farms on the estate have been amalgamated into a single agricultural unit. There is a 200-head dairy herd which produces milk for Spencer; the calves are reared on the farm. The arable land produces millet wheat, malting barley, oilseed rape, together with oats and beans for the cattle.
One third of the estate is woodland. All of the traditional farm buildings have been restored and converted into offices or workshops, which are let to local businesses; some farm houses and cottages have been let to tenants. The Squerryes Estate began planting its vineyards in 2006, the first vintage was produced in 2010; the label sells two styles of sparkling wine: brut and rosé. Squerryes Court has been used as an exterior and interior location for many films, serving as: the location of Hartfield for the 2009 BBC adaptation of Emma the home of minister Dormandy in the 2009 film The Boat That Rocked the Battle of Agincourt in the 2012 TV film Henry V, part of the BBC series The Hollow Crown the home of Henry Beaumont in episode one of Foyle's War, The German Woman. In 2015, a production of A Midsummer Night's Dream was put on at the house, directed by Ian Hughes and with a cast drawn from classical theatre companies. List of tourist attractions in Kent List of country houses in the United Kingdom Squerryes Court web site
4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards
The 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1685 as the Earl of Arran's Regiment of Cuirassiers. It was renamed as the 4th Dragoon Guards in 1788 and service for two centuries, including the First World War, before being amalgamated with 7th Dragoon Guards, to form the 4th/7th Dragoon Guards in 1922; the regiment was first raised by James, Earl of Arran as the Earl of Arran's Regiment of Cuirassiers in 1685 as part of the response to the Monmouth Rebellion, by the regimenting of various independent troops, was ranked as the 6th Regiment of Horse. It fought at the Battle of the Boyne in July 1690 and the Battle of Steenkerque in August 1692 during the Williamite War in Ireland. In 1691 it was re-ranked as the 5th Horse, in 1746 transferred to the Irish regiment establishment where it was the ranked 1st Horse, it returned to the British establishment as the 4th Dragoon Guards. The regiment was involved in activities in support of the Invasion of France by émigrés in June 1795 before taking part in fighting at the Battle of Naas on 24 May 1798, the Battle of Prosperous on 24 May 1798 and the Battle of Tuberneering on 4 June 1798 during the Irish Rebellion.
At Tuberneering a troop from the regiment were ambushed and the troop commander, Lieutenant-Colonel Walpole and 100 of his men died. The regiment went on to fight at the Battle of Arklow on 9 June 1798 and the Battle of Vinegar Hill on 21 June 1798; the regiment was deployed to the Peninsula in 1811 and fought under General Sir John Slade at the Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo in January 1812 during the Peninsular War. It took part in the charge of the Heavy Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 during the Crimean War and in the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War. Returning to the United Kingdom in late 1882, the regiment was back in Egypt from 1884 to 1885 was posted to Ireland in 1886, it returned to England in 1891, was posted to British India in 1894, where it was first stationed at Rawalpindi in Punjab from late 1902 in Muttra. The regiment landed in France at the outbreak of the First World War as part of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade in the 1st Cavalry Division on 16 August 1914 for service on the Western Front.
The regiment's most notable engagement was on 22 August 1914, when one of its squadrons became the first members of the British Expeditionary Force to engage the German army in the First World War. Two full troops of British cavalry surprised four patrolling German cavalrymen of the 2nd Kuirassiers at Casteau near Mons. After a brief pursuit the British cavalry killed most of the German patrol. Captain Charles Hornby was reputed to have become the first British soldier to kill a German soldier, using his sword, Drummer Edward Thomas is reputed to have fired the first British shots of the war. In 1921 the regiment was renamed the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards. In 1922 it was amalgamated with 7th Dragoon Guards to form the 4th/7th Dragoon Guards; the regimental collection is held in the York Army Museum at the Tower Street drill hall in York. The regiment's battle honours were as follows: Early Wars: Peninsular, Sevastopol, Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882 The Great War: Mons, Le Cateau, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, La Bassée 1914, Messines 1914, Armentières 1914, Ypres 1914'15, St. Julien, Bellewaarde, Somme 1916'18, Flers-Courcelette, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917'18, St. Quentin, Rosières, Albert 1918, Hindenburg Line, Pursuit to Mons and Flanders 1914-18 The colonels of the regiment were as follows: Earl of Arran's Cuirassiers and 6th Regiment of Horse1685-1688 James, Earl of Arran Duke of Hamilton.
App. 28 July 1685 —The Earl of Arran’s Horse 1688-1688 Charles, Earl of Selkirk. App. 20 November 1688 —The Earl of Selkirk’s Horse 1688-1693 Charles Godfrey. App. 31 December 1688from 1691 5th Regiment of Horse1693-1713 Francis Langstone. App. 7 March 1693 — Langton’s Horse 1713-1715 George Joceline. App. 29 October 1713 —Jocelyn’s Horse 1715-1729 Sherrington Davenport. App. 9 February 1715 — Davenport’s Horse 1729-1732 Owen Wynne. App. 6 July 1729 — Wynne’s Horse 1732-1739 Thomas Pearce. App. 29 September 1732 — Pearce’s Horse 1739-1743 James, Lord Tyrawley. App. 26 August 1739 — Trawley’s Horse 1743-1762 John Brown. App. 1 April 1743 — John Brown’s Horsefrom 1746 1st Regiment of Horse and 4th Dragoon Guards or 1st Horse or Blue Horse in the Irish establishment On 1 July 1751 a royal warrant provided that in future regiments would not be known by their colonels' names, but by their "number or rank". 1762-1775 James Johnston. App. 3 August 1762 1775-1778 James Johnston. App. 27 April 1775 1778-1803 George Warde.
App. 1 April 1778from 1788 4th Dragoon Guards in the British establishment 1803–1814 Lt-Gen. Miles Staveley 1814–1827 Gen. Sir Henry Fane, GCB 1827–1849 Gen. Sir George Anson, GCB 1849–1868 Gen. Richard Pigot 1868–1874 Gen. Sir James Charles Chatterton, 3rd Baronet, GCB, KH 1874–1894 Gen. Sir Edward Cooper Hodge, GCB 1894–1896 Lt-Gen. William Godfrey Dunham Massy, CB 1896–1908 Lt-Gen. Sir Henry Clement Wilkinson, KCB 1908–1922 Lt-Gen. Sir Edward Cecil Bethune, KCB, CVOfrom 1921 4th Royal Irish Dragoon GuardsIn 1922 the regiment was amalgamated with the 7th Dragoon Guards to form the 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards. British cavalry during the First World War Brereton, JM. A Guide to the Regiments and Corps of the British Army on the Regular Establishment. London: The Bodley Head. pp. 33–34. ISBN 0-370-30578-7
London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans; the City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of the London Assembly. London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, the most vegetarian friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, education, fashion, healthcare, professional services and development, tourism and transportation.
London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centres and has either the fifth or sixth largest metropolitan area GDP, it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic. It is the leading investment destination, hosting more international retailers and ultra high-net-worth individuals than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, more than 300 languages are spoken in the region, its estimated mid-2016 municipal population was 8,787,892, the most populous of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK population. London's urban area is the second most populous in the EU, after Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.
The population within the London commuter belt is the most populous in the EU with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925. London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries and sporting events; these include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. "London" is an ancient name, attested in the first century AD in the Latinised form Londinium. Over the years, the name has attracted many mythicising explanations; the earliest attested appears in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae, written around 1136. This had it that the name originated from a supposed King Lud, who had taken over the city and named it Kaerlud.
Modern scientific analyses of the name must account for the origins of the different forms found in early sources Latin, Old English, Welsh, with reference to the known developments over time of sounds in those different languages. It is agreed; this was adapted into Latin as Londinium and borrowed into Old English, the ancestor-language of English. The toponymy of the Common Brythonic form is much debated. A prominent explanation was Richard Coates's 1998 argument that the name derived from pre-Celtic Old European *lowonida, meaning "river too wide to ford". Coates suggested that this was a name given to the part of the River Thames which flows through London. However, most work has accepted a Celtic origin for the name, recent studies have favoured an explanation along the lines of a Celtic derivative of a proto-Indo-European root *lendh-, combined with the Celtic suffix *-injo- or *-onjo-. Peter Schrijver has suggested, on these grounds, that the name meant'place that floods'; until 1889, the name "London" applied to the City of London, but since it has referred to the County of London and Greater London.
"London" is sometimes written informally as "LDN". In 1993, the remains of a Bronze Age bridge were found on the south foreshore, upstream of Vauxhall Bridge; this bridge either reached a now lost island in it. Two of those timbers were radiocarbon dated to between 1750 BC and 1285 BC. In 2010 the foundations of a large timber structure, dated to between 4800 BC and 4500 BC, were found on the Thames's south foreshore, downstream of Vauxhall Bridge; the function of the mesolithic structure is not known. Both structures are on the south bank. Although there is evidence of scattered Brythonic settlements in the area, the first major settlement was founded by the Romans about four years after the invasion
Westerham is a town and civil parish in the Sevenoaks District of Kent, located 5 miles west of Sevenoaks. It is recorded as early as the 9th century, was mentioned in the Domesday Book in a Norman form, Oistreham. Hām is Old English for a village or homestead, so Westerham means a westerly homestead; the River Darent flows through the town, powered three watermills. There is evidence that the area around Westerham has been settled for thousands of years: finds such as a Celtic fortification and a Roman road are close by, along with the remains of a Roman encampment just past the ruins of a tower south of the town at the summit of Tower Woods; the tower dates back to the 18th century, was constructed by the owners of Squerryes Court as a folly for their children's amusement. The manor was run by Godwin, Earl of Wessex and by his son Harold Godwinson the last Saxon King of England; the first Norman lord of Westerham was Eustace II of Boulogne, the town appears in the Domesday Book as Oistreham.
By 1227 Henry III granted Westerham a market charter, making the new village a major player in the buying and selling of cattle in Kent, a tradition that survived to 1961 when the last cattle market was held. St Mary's Church is thought to date from the 13th century, although it is much altered in Victorian times. In 1503 the Protestant martyr John Frith was born in the town; the church is unusual in that it displays the only known representation of a royal arms of King Edward VI in a church. There is little doubt that it is the king's arms as the supporters are a lion and a dragon, there is a curious Latin phrase beside the arms: "VIVAT REX CURAT LEX". England did not have another male monarch until the Union of the Crowns in 1603. In 1596, there was a peculiar subsidence of a hill measuring 80 by 28 perches, transformed into a dale. General James Wolfe was born in the town in 1727 at what is now known as the Old Vicarage due to a terrible storm on the night he was born, he lived in Quebec House – many streets and buildings are named after him and St Mary's contains not only the font in which he was baptised but a memorial window to him by Edward Burne-Jones.
The town square contains statues to both Churchill. Interior and exterior scenes for the 2009 BBC mini-series Emma were shot at Squerryes Court with the house appearing as Emma Woodhouse's home Hartfield, while exterior scenes were shot at Chilham, Kent. Alice Liddell, cited as the inspiration for Lewis Carroll's children's book Alice's Adventures in Wonderland lived in the Vicarage for a brief period. Alice rented'The Breaches' just before she died and when she became ill she went to stay with her sister Rhoda at Hoseyrigge in Westerham, she was born at Westminster and when she died aged 82 a memorial service was held for her at St Mary's Church. She was not buried in Westerham. Record producer Brian Higgins, whose Xenomania production team produced hit singles and albums for artists such as Girls Aloud, Kylie Minogue, Pet Shop Boys and Franz Ferdinand, now occupy what used to be known as the Old Vicarage. BBC Children's TV founders Freda Lingstrom and Maria Bird lived together in Westerham and named their production company Westerham Arts, commissioned by the BBC to create The Woodentops, Andy Pandy, Muffin the Mule and Bill and Ben the Flower Pot Men.
During a January 1967 visit to Knole Park in Sevenoaks to shoot a promotional film for Strawberry Fields Forever and Penny Lane, John Lennon stopped at a Westerham antiques shop and purchased a poster for Pablo Fanque's Circus Royal, which inspired the song, "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!"As well as the parish church, there is a Grade II-listed chapel associated with the Congregational Federation and a Roman Catholic church. Westerham Evangelical Congregational Church dates from 1839 and St John the Baptist's Catholic Parish Church opened in 1955. Westerham was home to the Black Eagle Brewery, taken over by Taylor Walker & Co in the 1950s, becoming part of Ind Coope in 1959 and closing in 1965. Yeast from the brewery was preserved at the National Collection of Yeast Cultures and is now used by the present day Westerham Brewery, established in 2004 by Robert Wicks; the brewery produces a range including Westerham British Bulldog. Westerham was home to Crayford Engineering, a successful car conversion company, from 1962 to the 1980s, working from a workshop at Squerryes Mede.
In 1922 Winston Churchill MP purchased Chartwell Manor on the outskirts of Westerham, apart from the time he spent at 10 Downing Street, was his home for the rest of his life. Chartwell is now administered by the National Trust. There is a statue of Sir Winston Churchill on the village green at Westerham, it was sculpted by Oscar Nemon and stands on a base of Yugoslavian stone, the gift of Marshal Josip Broz Tito. Westerham is served by several bus routes which provide links to Sevenoaks and Bromley. Westerham is not served by rail services and the nearest station can be found in Oxted. Westerham is on the A25 road running along the Vale of Holmesdale south of the M25 motorway; the A233 road goes north to Biggin Bromley. Westerham is home to Westerham football club, it was founded in 1888 and has been rooted in football in Kent and Sevenoaks since. They are located at King George V Playing Fields. Westerham has two ladies Netball teams; the 1st team compete in the Tunbridge Wells League at Division 3 in the Winter season.
The Ladies 2's compete in the Tunbridge Wells League Division 4 in the winter. They play September through to July in