George Washington (Ward)
George Washington is a large bronze sculpture of George Washington by John Quincy Adams Ward, located on the front steps of Federal Hall National Memorial, on Wall Street in New York City. The statue was unveiled in 1883 to commemorate Washington's first inauguration in 1789. At the time, Federal Hall, which served as the capitol building of the United States, stood on the site, Washington took the oath of office on the balcony of that building where the statue now stands; the inscription on the base of the statue reads: 1883 in art List of monuments dedicated to George Washington
George Washington was an American political leader, military general and Founding Father who served as the first president of the United States from 1789 to 1797. He led Patriot forces to victory in the nation's War of Independence, he presided at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 which established the new federal government, he has been called the "Father of His Country" for his manifold leadership in the formative days of the new nation. Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War, he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was named a delegate to the Continental Congress, where he was appointed Commanding General of the nation's Continental Army. Washington allied with France, in the defeat of the British at Yorktown. Once victory for the United States was in hand in 1783, Washington resigned his commission. Washington played a key role in the adoption and ratification of the Constitution and was elected president by the Electoral College in the first two elections.
He implemented a strong, well-financed national government while remaining impartial in a fierce rivalry between cabinet members Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton. During the French Revolution, he proclaimed a policy of neutrality while sanctioning the Jay Treaty, he set enduring precedents for the office of president, including the title "President of the United States", his Farewell Address is regarded as a pre-eminent statement on republicanism. Washington utilized slave labor and trading African American slaves, but he became troubled with the institution of slavery and freed them in his 1799 will, he was a member of the Anglican Church and the Freemasons, he urged tolerance for all religions in his roles as general and president. Upon his death, he was eulogized as "first in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen." He has been memorialized by monuments, geographical locations and currency, many scholars and polls rank him among the top American presidents. Washington's great-grandfather John Washington immigrated in 1656 from Sulgrave, England to the British Colony of Virginia where he accumulated 5,000 acres of land, including Little Hunting Creek on the Potomac River.
George Washington was born February 22, 1732 at Popes Creek in Westmoreland County and was the first of six children of Augustine and Mary Ball Washington. His father was a justice of the peace and a prominent public figure who had three additional children from his first marriage to Jane Butler; the family moved to Little Hunting Creek to Ferry Farm near Fredericksburg, Virginia. When Augustine died in 1743, Washington inherited ten slaves. Washington did not have the formal education that his older brothers received at Appleby Grammar School in England, but he did learn mathematics and surveying, he was talented in draftsmanship and map-making. By early adulthood, he was writing with "considerable force" and "precision."Washington visited Mount Vernon and Belvoir, the plantation that belonged to Lawrence's father-in-law William Fairfax, which fueled ambition for the lifestyle of the planter aristocracy. Fairfax became Washington's patron and surrogate father, Washington spent a month in 1748 with a team surveying Fairfax's Shenandoah Valley property.
He received a surveyor's license the following year from the College of Mary. He resigned from the job in 1750 and had bought 1,500 acres in the Valley, he owned 2,315 acres by 1752. In 1751, Washington made his only trip abroad when he accompanied Lawrence to Barbados, hoping that the climate would cure his brother's tuberculosis. Washington contracted smallpox during that trip, which immunized him but left his face scarred. Lawrence died in 1752, Washington leased Mount Vernon from his widow. Lawrence's service as adjutant general of the Virginia militia inspired Washington to seek a commission, Virginia's Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie appointed him as a major in December 1752 and as commander of one of the four militia districts; the British and French were competing for control of the Ohio Valley at the time, the British building forts along the Ohio River and the French doing between Lake Erie and the Ohio River. In October 1753, Dinwiddie appointed Washington as a special envoy to demand that the French vacate territory which the British had claimed.
Dinwiddie appointed him to make peace with the Iroquois Confederacy and to gather intelligence about the French forces. Washington met with Half-King Tanacharison and other Iroquois chiefs at Logstown to secure their promise of support against the French, his party reached the Ohio River in November, they were intercepted by a French patrol and escorted to Fort Le Boeuf where Washington was received in a friendly manner. He delivered the British demand to vacate to French commander Saint-Pierre, but the French refused to leave. Saint-Pierre gave Washington his official answer in a sealed envelope after a few days' delay, he gave Washington's party food and extra winter clothing for the trip back to Virginia. Washington completed the precarious mission in 77 days in difficult winter conditions and achieved a measure of distinction when his report was published in Virginia and London. In February 1754, Dinwiddie promoted Washington to lieutenant colonel and second-in-command of the 300-strong Virginia R
George Washington (Trumbull)
George Washington is a 1780 portrait of George Washington by American artist John Trumbull, in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. The oil on canvas painting measures 36 inches x 28 inches, it depicts Washington standing near the Hudson River with his servant Billy Lee behind him. West Point can be seen in the distance. Trumbull painted the picture from memory some five years after serving on Washington's staff during the American War of Independence; the work is on view in the Metropolitan Museum's Gallery 753. 1780 in art
George Washington Hotel (New York City)
The George Washington Hotel was a hotel and boarding house located at 23 Lexington Avenue in New York City. The building was occupied by many famous writers and poets including W. H. Auden and Christopher Isherwood who lived there in the 1930s, or Keith Haring who lived in the building as a student at the School of Visual Arts. In the late 1960s, Minoru Yamasaki and a team of architects drafted the early plans for the World Trade Center in a suite at the George Washington. From 1975 until his death in 1979 Al Hodge, who played Captain Video in the popular children's 1950s TV series, lived in an inexpensive rental unit in the hotel. In the 1990s Dee Dee Ramone occupied a room there; the George Washington Hotel in New York City's Gramercy Park District was opened in 1928. At different times it has been used both as a brothel and as a boot-legging house during Prohibition. In 1939 the poet W. H. Auden stayed at the hotel, calling it "the nicest hotel in town", another famous resident was writer Christopher Isherwood.
In the 1980s, the hotel was raided by the police. For a period of time the building was in receivership; the hotel was purchased at auction, space was leased to not-for-profit Educational Housing Services in the mid-90s during the city's rebirth. Much of the space was under sublease to the School of Visual Arts except for apartments still occupied by original tenants who pay stabilized rent, who are still protected under NYC rent laws. SVA broke sublease and built a new dorm on 24th street in mid 2016; the ground lease for the property was bought by investment firm Alliance Bernstein in 2016. The company developed the property into a hotel, now known as the Freehand/New York. List of former hotels in Manhattan
George Washington Memorial Parkway
The George Washington Memorial Parkway, colloquially the G. W. Parkway, is a 25-mile-long parkway that runs along the south bank of the Potomac River from Mount Vernon, northwest to McLean, is maintained by the National Park Service, it is located entirely within Virginia, except for a short portion of the parkway northwest of the Arlington Memorial Bridge that passes over Columbia Island within the District of Columbia. The parkway is separated into two sections joined by Washington Street in Alexandria. A third section, the Clara Barton Parkway, runs on the opposite side of the Potomac River in the District of Columbia and suburban Montgomery County, Maryland. A fourth section was proposed for Fort Washington, but never built; the parkway has been designated an All-American Road. Virginia's official state designation for the parkway is State Route 90005. At Mount Vernon, the parkway begins at a traffic circle, where it joins/leaves SR 235. Most of this route was taken from the Washington and Mount Vernon Railway's right-of-way.
The southern section with at-grade intersections. It extends from Mount Vernon, past Fort Hunt to South Washington Street at the southern end of Alexandria; the Mount Vernon Trail parallels the southern and middle sections of the parkway, is filled with recreational and commuter cyclists and runners. Points of interest on or near the parkway are Mount Vernon Plantation, Huntley Meadows Park, P. O. Box 1142, Fort Hunt Park, Dyke Marsh, Hunting Creek, Jones Point, the Woodrow Wilson Bridge. Although designated as part of the George Washington Memorial Parkway, Washington Street in Alexandria still belongs to and is maintained by the City of Alexandria. In 1929, the city and the federal government entered into a memorandum of agreement; the MOA gave the federal government a irrevocable easement over Washington Street. It called for the construction of roundabouts at both the north and south ends of Washington Street as transition points between the rural and urban sections of the parkway; the MOA required Alexandria to adopt zoning regulations so that construction along Washington Street would be "of such character and of such types of buildings as will be in keeping with the dignity and memorial character of said highway".
Commercial vehicles, such as trucks, are prohibited from the George Washington Memorial Parkway. However and airport shuttles are allowed to operate on the parkway; the northern section extends from North Washington Street at First Street, at the northern end of Old Town Alexandria, to its terminus at Interstate 495, in Fairfax County, just south of the Potomac River. It follows the Potomac River, passing through Arlington County, serves as the primary access point to Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport; the Parkway provides automobile access to Theodore Roosevelt Island, the LBJ National Grove, Gravelly Point Park, Fort Marcy, Columbia Island Marina and Turkey Run Park. There are scenic view rest areas for those wishing to view the Georgetown skyline and the Potomac Palisades; the cloverleaf interchange with the 14th Street Bridge, dating to 1932, is one of the oldest cloverleaf interchanges in the United States. The Spout Run Parkway connects the George Washington Memorial Parkway to US Route 29, providing an indirect connection to I-66.
The portion of the parkway north of National Airport and SR 233 is part of the National Highway System. The trip by DC area residents to see George Washington's family estate at Mount Vernon was seen in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a patriotic duty as well as an opportunity to learn about American history and democratic values. In the late 19th century, most people took a steamboat excursion from DC. By the 1920s, 200,000 people a year were visiting Mount Vernon. In the 1880s, officials in Alexandria, attempted to boost local commerce by advocating for a "national road" to Mt. Vernon, they formed the Mount Vernon Avenue Association in September 1887. Congress appropriated $10,000 for a survey in 1889; the United States Army Corps of Engineers conducted the survey, in its report agreed that a superior, no-expense-spared road from Alexandria to Mount Vernon was necessary. However, construction of the Washington and Mount Vernon Railway between 1892 and 1896 dealt a serious blow to the plan.
During the Alexandria Sesquicentennial in 1899, several Alexandria civic boosters called for a bridge to be built between Alexandria and Washington, DC. This reignited interest in a roadway to Mount Vernon; the idea generated interest among many of the individuals active in the City Beautiful movement, Colonial Revival architecture movement, groups dedicated to promoting local and national history. Soon, the idea of a roadway became a call for a grandiose, monumental avenue lined with Beaux-Arts memorials and roadside attractions; the idea received more impetus when the Daughters of the American Revolution took up the cause. In 1902, the McMillan Plan endorsed a road along the Virginia side of the Potomac River shoreline. Although Virginia was outside the plan's scope, the Senate Park Commission saw a Mount Vernon avenue as an extension of the DC park system as well as a means of protecting the Great Falls of the Potomac River and the Potomac Palisades; the McMillan Plan, focused not on a monumental avenue but on tree-lined boulevards and quiet carriage paths designed to relax and calm.
The Mount Vernon Avenue Association disbanded
George Washington (Brown)
George Washington is an outdoor sculpture by Henry Kirke Brown, located in Union Square, Manhattan, in the United States. The bronze equestrian statue was dedicated in 1856 and is the oldest sculpture in the New York City Parks collection. Richard Upjohn served as architect for the pedestal / plinth; the sculpture measures 26'4" by 13'6" and sits on a Barre granite pedestal that measures 12'2" by 7'9" by 15'. It was dedicated on July 4, 1856; the monument is in axial alignment with the Independence Flagstaff. List of monuments dedicated to George Washington A Difference in Kind: Spontaneous Memorials after 9/11 by Harriet F. Senie, International Sculpture Center Leon Reid IV To Give Union Square George Washington Statue A Makeover, The Huffington Post
George Washington (Coppini, 1955)
George Washington is an outdoor 1955 bronze sculpture by Italian American artist Pompeo Coppini, located on the University of Texas at Austin campus in Austin, Texas, in the United States. Coppini sculpted three distinct statues of Washington; the first was installed in 1912 in Mexico City. The second was created to commemorate the 1926 sesquicentennial of the Declaration of Independence and was dedicated in Portland in 1927; the third statue was installed in February 1955 on the campus of the University of Texas at Austin. 1955 in art List of monuments dedicated to George Washington List of public art in Austin, Texas Media related to George Washington at Wikimedia Commons