Henry A. Weaver
Henry Augustus Weaver was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1857 to 1860. Henry A. Weaver was born in Pennsylvania, his father was Benjamin Weaver, Sheriff of Allegheny County in 1840. Henry Weaver had been manager of the Madison Coal Company, he was a staunch Republican. The term of office was extended to two years. President Abraham Lincoln appointed Weaver as Collector of Internal Revenue for Western Pennsylvania. Weaver is said to have had a souvenir rail. In life, Weaver was a real estate dealer. Weaver died at the St. James Hotel. List of mayors of Pittsburgh Political Graveyard
History of Pittsburgh
The history of Pittsburgh began with centuries of Native American civilization in the modern Pittsburgh region, known as "Dionde:gâ'" in the Seneca language.' French and British explorers encountered the strategic confluence where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers meet to form the Ohio, which leads to the Mississippi River. The area became a battleground when Britain fought for control in the 1750s; when the British were victorious, the French ceded control of territories east of the Mississippi. Following American independence in 1783, the village around Fort Pitt continued to grow; the region saw the short-lived Whiskey Rebellion, when farmers rebelled against federal taxes on whiskey. The War of 1812 cut off the supply of British goods. By 1815, Pittsburgh was producing large quantities of iron, brass and glass products. By the 1840s, Pittsburgh had grown to one of the largest cities west of the Allegheny Mountains. Production of steel began in 1875. During the 1877 railway riots it was the site of the most violence and damage in any city affected by the nationwide strikes of that summer.
Workers protested against cuts in wages, burning down buildings at the railyards, including 100 train engines and more than 1,000 cars. Forty men were killed, most of them strikers. By 1911, Pittsburgh was producing half the nation's steel. Pittsburgh was a Republican party stronghold until 1932; the soaring unemployment of the Great Depression, the New Deal relief programs and the rise of powerful labor unions in the 1930s turned the city into a liberal stronghold of the New Deal Coalition under powerful Democratic mayors. In World War II, it was the center of the "Arsenal of Democracy", producing munitions for the Allied war effort as prosperity returned. Following World War II, Pittsburgh launched a clean air and civic revitalization project known as the "Renaissance." The industrial base continued to expand through the 1960s, but after 1970 foreign competition led to the collapse of the steel industry, with massive layoffs and mill closures. Top corporate headquarters moved out in the 1980s.
In 2007 the city lost its status as a major transportation hub. The population of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area is holding steady at 2.4 million. For thousands of years, Native Americans inhabited the region where the Allegheny and the Monongahela join to form the Ohio. Paleo-Indians conducted a hunter-gatherer lifestyle in the region as early as 19,000 years ago. Meadowcroft Rockshelter, an archaeological site west of Pittsburgh, provides evidence that these first Americans lived in the region from that date. During the Adena culture that followed, Mound Builders erected a large Indian Mound at the future site of McKees Rocks, about three miles from the head of the Ohio; the Indian Mound, a burial site, was augmented in years by members of the Hopewell culture. By 1700 the Iroquois Confederacy, the Five Nations-based south of the Great Lakes in present-day New York, held dominion over the upper Ohio valley, reserving it for hunting grounds. Other tribes included the Lenape, displaced from eastern Pennsylvania by European settlement, the Shawnee, who had migrated up from the south.
With the arrival of European explorers, these tribes and others had been devastated by European infectious diseases, such as smallpox, measles and malaria, to which they had no immunity. In 1748, when Conrad Weiser visited Logstown, 18 miles downriver from Pittsburgh, he counted 789 warriors gathered: the Iroquois included 163 Seneca, 74 Mohawk, 35 Onondaga, 20 Cayuga, 15 Oneida. Other tribes were 165 Lenape, 162 Shawnee, 100 Wyandot, 40 Tisagechroami, 15 Mohican. Shannopin's Town, a Seneca tribe village on the east bank of the Allegheny, was the home village of Queen Aliquippa, it was deserted after 1749. Sawcunk, on the mouth of the Beaver River, was a Lenape settlement and the principal residence of Shingas, a chief of theirs. Chartier's Town was a Shawnee town established in 1734 by Peter Chartier. Kittanning was a Shawnee village on the Allegheny, with an estimated 300 -- 400 residents; the first Europeans arrived in the 1710s as traders. Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a manuscript in 1717, that year European traders established posts and settlements in the area.
Europeans first began to settle in the region in 1748, when the first Ohio Company, an English land speculation company, won a grant of 200,000 acres in the upper Ohio Valley. From a post at present-day Cumberland, the company began to construct an 80-mile wagon road to the Monongahela River employing a Delaware Indian chief named Nemacolin and a party of settlers headed by Capt. Michael Cresap to begin widening the track into a road, it followed the same route as an ancient Amerindian trail, now known as Nemacolin's Trail. The river crossing and flats at Redstone creek, was the earliest point and shortest distance for the descent of a wagon road. In the war, the site fortified as Fort Burd was one of several possible destinations. Another alternative was the divergent route that became Braddock's Road a few years through present-day New Stanton. In the event, the colonists did not succeed in improving the Amerindian path to a wagon road much beyond the Cumberland Narrows pass before they were confronted by hostile Native Americans.
The colonists mounted a series of expeditions in order to accomplish piecemeal improvements to the track. The French had built nearby Logstown as a trade and council center for the Native Americans to increase their influence in the Ohio Valley. Between June
Ebenezer Denny was a soldier during the American Revolutionary War whose journal is one of the most quoted accounts of the surrender of the British at the siege of Yorktown. Denny served as the first Mayor of Pittsburgh, from 1816 to 1817. Denny was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on March 11, 1761, the eldest son of William and Agnes Parker Denny. At the age of 13 he was entrusted to carry dispatches across the Allegheny Mountains by the commandant at Fort Pitt, he crossed alone often. At one point he was chased into Fort Loudon by the Indians, he entered into employment for his father's shop in Carlisle. Upon learning that a letter of the marque, a privateer ship, was to sail from Philadelphia for the West Indies, he shipped as a volunteer, he was promoted to command the quarterdeck for his gallantry in numerous sea fights. As he was readying to sail on his second voyage he received a commission as ensign in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment of the Continental Army in 1778. In August 1780, he was transferred to the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment, on May 23, 1781, he was promoted to lieutenant in the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment.
This transpired during 1781 as the Continental Army marched south to face Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia, at which time the end of the long war for independence drew close. Near Williamsburg, the regiment had a successful encounter against British forces, the partisan Simcoe. Denny in his famous military journal states, "Here for the first time saw wounded men; as the Continental Army closed around the British stronghold at Yorktown, Lt. Denny described the scene, "Army encamped on the banks of the James River, his journal entry dated September 14, 1781, continues into further detail of the encampment: General Washington Arrived. Officers all pay their respects, he stands in the door, takes every man by the hand. This is the first time. October 15, 1781, the siege at Yorktown begins: Siege operations were at once commenced. Easy digging. Light, sandy soil. A shell from one of French mortars set fire to a British frigate. October 17, 1781, The Surrender of Cornwallis: Had the pleasure of seeing a drummer mount the enemy's parapet and beat a parley and an officer, holding up a white handkerchief, made his appearance.
An officer from our line ran and met him and tied the handkerchief over his eyes, thus was the great event of the surrender of Cornwallis accomplished. Denny rejoined the army as an officer of the First American Regiment in August 1784, was active in the Northwest Indian War, he participated in the 1790 Harmar Campaign and served as aide-de-camp to Major-General Arthur St. Clair at St. Clair's Defeat. Denny kept a journal, considered an important primary document of the two campaigns. Following the battle, Lt. Denny wrote that the native nations were "an enemy brought up from infancy to war, superior to an equal number of the best men that could be taken against them." He travelled to Philadelphia to deliver the official report of the loss to Secretary of War Henry Knox. Denny compiled a dictionary of Delaware and Shawnee words. Following a 1794 mission to Fort Le Boeuf, Major Denny resigned his commission and settled near Pittsburgh. Unlike in other states, communities in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania could not attain city status until after spending a number of years as a borough with a government run by burgesses, a form of city council.
Because of this, Denny instead started his political career in county government serving Pittsburgh. In 1797, Denny was elected Allegheny County Commissioner, he sought higher office and ran as Treasurer for the entire county in 1803 and 1808. Being a Revolutionary War hero, major patriot force for the frontier front of the War of 1812, Denny ran to become the first mayor of the city of Pittsburgh on 19 July 1816, his term in office saw much progress in the infrastructure of the young city, improving roads and wharves. Citing failing health he retired from public life and the mayor's office on January 14, 1817, he died 21 July 1822, is interred at Allegheny Cemetery in the Lawrenceville neighborhood of Pittsburgh. Ebenezer Denny had children, his son, Harmar Denny, went on to establish a political career of his own: a member of the Pennsylvania State House of Representatives from 1824 to 1829, as well as being elected to the Twenty-first Congress through the Twenty-fourth Congress serving from 15 December 1829, to 3 March 1837.
His second great-grandson, Harmar D. Denny Jr. served in the 82nd Congress in the U. S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's 29th congressional district. One of the first resolutions of the Pittsburgh City Council was that of honoring the patriotic and public service of Ebenezer Denny on learning of his early retirement due to health concerns in 1817. Denny Street, in the city's Lawrenceville neighborhood, was named in his honor. Denny, Ebenezer. Military Journal of Major Ebenezer Denny, an Officer in the Revolutionary and Indian Wars. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. Retrieved 11 December 2011. Winkler, John F.. Wabash 1791: St. Clair's Defeat. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84908-676-1. Ebenezer Denny at Find a Grave
James Blackmore was an American politician. He served as Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1868 to 1869 and 1872 to 1875. Blackmore was born in 1821 in Pennsylvania, his father was County Treasurer in 1855, young Blackmore served as Chief Clerk. Mayor Blackmore was engaged in the coal business; the city expanded east and George Westinghouse began manufacture of the air brake in the Strip District during Mayor Blackmore's initial term. A new City Hall was completed on Smithfield Street and the city's southern boundaries were extended during Mayor Blackmore's second term. James Blackmore's last address was 167 Wylie Avenue, his only child was called his name sake, James Blackmore Jr, it was unknown what he did for a living. He died February 6, 1875, less than a week after finishing his term, is buried in Allegheny Cemetery, his only known living relative lives in the United Kingdom and is a direct descendent of James Blackmore Sr List of mayors of Pittsburgh James Blackmore at Political Graveyard Norman J. Meinert's list of plots in Allegheny Cemetery
Andrew Fulton (mayor)
Andrew Fulton was Mayor of Pittsburgh from 1884 to 1887. The son of Samuel Magee and Agnes Rebecca Fulton, he was born in 1850 into a foundry family, he was outgoing and affable and preferred the less formal "Andy Fulton", this charismatic charm as well as his tall stature served him well in a career of politics. In 1879, Fulton was elected to the City Council followed soon by his election to the mayor's office in 1887. Mayor Fulton oversaw the completion of the Western Penitentiary during his term. After leaving office he continued to stay active in Pittsburgh politics working on both the city and county levels, with the exception of an absence to Colorado to raise horses for a number of years, he died in 1925 of pneumonia.
Joseph G. Armstrong
Joseph G. Armstrong was born in Allegheny City, what is today the Northside neighborhood of the U. S. city of Pittsburgh. He became a glassmaker and participated in the glass union and labor movement. From his labor connections he was elected to City Council and ran for County Coroner in 1904, he was coroner during the Pressed Steel Car Strike of 1909. He died of pneumonia in Pittsburgh on November 19, 1931 and is interred in South Side Cemetery, Pittsburgh. After being seated mayor in 1914, Armstrong went on an unprecedented building spree in the city, earning him the affectionate nickname "Joe the builder" among voters, his classical structures still grace the city today, including the massive 10 story City-County Building taking up an entire city block. His rule as mayor was responsible for massive construction projects that are not so visible such as the Armstrong Tunnel which for the first time allowed easy access from the Grant & Liberty section of downtown to the Southside neighborhood under the steep hill that Duquesne University sits on in the Bluff neighborhood
Joseph Barker (mayor)
Joseph "Joe" Barker was an American public and political figure of the 1800s remembered to this day for his rash, uncompromising temper, violent tirades against corruption drawing large crowds, landing him in prison, paving way for his term in office as the 17th mayor of Pittsburgh. The origins of Joe Barker are shrouded in mystery: nothing is known of his early years, background, or his date of birth, as evident by its absence on his epitaph. Barker's appearance, in contrast to what was common of the era, was described as always cleanly shaven and well-dressed in nearly all black attire, it was said he was never to be seen without a neckcloth, black stovepipe hat, long black cape. Important, although sparse, details are provided in the information collected by the Census of 1850. Barker is listed therein as 44 years old and living in Pittsburgh's Fifth Ward with his Irish-born wife Jane Holmes and three children, Charles Augustus and David, his birthplace is described as being in "Pennsylvania", his occupation is given as "Mayor".
Contrary to propaganda spread by his enemies, incorrectly referenced in articles to this day, Barker was far from illiterate, as indicated on the 1850 census. As a sardonic nod to his opposition, Barker chose to leave the "sane" category on the census unchecked. Joe Barker gained vast public attention and notoriety as a street preacher of the violent class, vehemently attacking political corruption. In November 1849, a riot broke out following one of Barker's more extreme tirades in Market Square, Mayor John Herron had him arrested on three counts: Inciting a riot Obstructing traffic Using lewd and indecent language in the delivery of incendiary threatsOn November 19 the charges resulted in a fine and 12-month jail sentence, but Barker did not display remorse, stating, "Judge Patton made a threat two weeks ago of what he would do if I was thrown into his power. Now let him touch me if he dares. I'll hang him to a lamppost if he lays a finger on me." The next mayoral election was fast approaching, Barker's nativist supporters circulated a write-in petition during his imprisonment which resulted in his election as mayor to succeed Herron.
Accounts of Barker's one-year 1850 -- 51 term describe it as a period of nativist strife. Barker lived for eleven years after leaving the mayoralty and despite a number of additional attempts, never again held public office, he was in his mid-fifties at the time of his decapitation in a train accident in the neighboring town of Manchester. Interment was in Allegheny Cemetery