Georgian parliamentary election, 2016

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Georgian parliamentary election, 2016

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All 150 seats in the Parliament
76 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party
  Giorgi Kvirikashvili in meeting with Iranian FM Javad Zarif.jpg David Bakradze Senate of Poland 010.JPG
Leader Giorgi Kvirikashvili Davit Bakradze
Party Georgian Dream ENM
Last election 85 seats, 54.97% 65 seats, 40.34%
Seats won 115 27
Seat change Increase 67 Decrease 19
Popular vote 856,638 477,053
Percentage 48.77% 27.11%

  Third party Fourth party
  Noimage.png
Leader Irma Inashvili Gogi Topadze
Party APG MGS
Last election 6
Seats won 6 1
Seat change New Decrease 5
Popular vote 88,097 13,788
Percentage 5.01% 0.78%

Prime Minister before election

Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Georgian Dream

Prime Minister-designate

Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Georgian Dream

Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Georgia

Parliamentary elections were held in Georgia on 8 October 2016 to elect the 150 members of Parliament. The ruling Georgian Dream coalition, led by Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili, sought a second term in office.[1][2] Opposition parties included the former ruling party and main opposition, the United National Movement (ENM); the Free Democrats, formerly a member of the Georgian Dream coalition and led by Irakli Alasania;[3] and the Alliance of Patriots of Georgia.[4]

Georgian Dream won 115 seats, an increase of 67 seats, while the United National Movement was reduced to 27 seats.

Electoral system[edit]

The 150 members of the unicameral Parliament are elected by two methods: 77 by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5%, and 73 by two-round system in single-member constituencies with majority rule requiring the winner to get over 50% (in previous election the first-placed candidate had to pass 30% threshold to win constituency seat).

Boundaries of constituencies were re-drawn to reduce malapportionment effect. Previously size of electorates ranged from less than 6,000 voters in one district to over 150,000 voters in another.[5]

The elections did not take place in constituencies in the breakaway regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Opinion polls[edit]

Date Polling firm/source GD UNM OGFD GLP APG CDM DMUG Girchi SRP SFP Others Lead
March–April 2016 IRI 19% 18% 10% 7% 3% With DMUG 3% 12% 3%
1–3 April 2016 GHN 33% 30% 8% 10% 11% 8% 3%
23 February–14 March 2016 NDI 29% 27% 10% 6% 5% <3% <3% <3% 5% 2%
8–29 January 2016 EPN Research 31% 20% 9% 9% 23% 7% 2% 8%
2015 GHN 20% 27% 33% 4% 6% 3% 2% 6%
17 November–17 December 2015 Newposts 21% 34% 6% 5% 7% 3% 2% 4.1% 13%
17 November–7 December 2015 NDI 31% 21% 11% 7% 5% 4% 2% 10%
November 2015 EPF 18% 19% 19% 13% 10% Tied
8 August–10 September 2015 NDI 26% 30% 6% 7% 3% With DMUG 6% 3% 6%
27 March–19 April 2015 NDI 24% 16% 9% 5% 6% 11% 8%
3–28 February 2015 IRI 36% 14% 10% 6% 5% 5% 1% 12%
23 July–7 August 2014 NDI 46% 15% 6% 16% 30%
15 June 2014 Local elections 50% 22% 3% 4% 10% 3% 32%
26 March–18 April 2014 NDI 46% 16% 11% 13% 7% 30%
13–27 November 2013 NDI 65% 15% 6% 6% 8% 4% 51%
18 August–3 September 2013 NDI 56% 16% 7% 7% 12% 4% 40%
12–26 June 2013 NDI 55% 13% 22% 32%
13–27 March 2013 NDI 63% 13% 15% 48%
14–25 November 2012 NDI 66% 13% 10% 7% 53%
1 October 2012 Parliamentary elections 53% 40% 2% 2% 1% 13%

Results[edit]

Georgian Dream declared victory soon after voting ended. Georgia Dream Prime Minister Giorgi Kvirikashvili told supporters at party headquarters that "I congratulate you with a big victory Georgia! According to all preliminary results, Georgian Dream is leading with a big advantage." Georgia Dream Deputy Prime Minister Kakha Kaladze added that the party's own data showed that it had won around 59 percent of the vote.

However, the United National Movement campaign head Nika Melia accused the government of vote rigging, saying "Votes have been stolen from us. We will defend our votes." Other parties such as Democratic Georgia, the Labour Party and the Alliance of Patriots also accused the government of massive vote rigging.[6]

Party Proportional Constituency Seats
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats Total +/–
Georgian Dream 856,638 48.68 44 71 115 +67
United National Movement 477,053 27.11 27 0 27 –19
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia 88,097 5.01 6 0 6 New
Free Democrats 81,464 4.63 0 0 0 –8
Democratic Movement – United Georgia 62,166 3.53 0 0 0 0
State for a People 60,681 3.45 0 0 0 New
Labour Party of Georgia 55,208 3.14 0 0 0 0
Republican Party 27,264 1.55 0 0 0 –9
Industry Will Save Georgia-Our Fatherland 13,788 0.78 0 1 1 –5
National Forum 12,763 0.73 0 0 0 –6
Georgia for Peace 3,824 0.22 0 0 0 New
Georgian Idea 2,916 0.17 0 0 0 New
Tamaz Mechiauri - for United Georgia 2,805 0.16 0 0 0 New
Georgian Troupe 2,182 0.12 0 0 0 0
Communist Party 1,757 0.10 0 0 0 New
Our People, People's Party 1,595 0.09 0 0 0 0
Georgia 1,548 0.09 0 0 0 New
Road of Zviadi 1,467 0.08 0 0 0 New
United Communist Party of Georgia 1,467 0.08 0 0 0 New
Progressive Democratic Union 1,010 0.06 0 0 0 New
Merab Kostava Society 966 0.05 0 0 0 0
People's Authority 810 0.05 0 0 0 New
Our Georgia 802 0.05 0 0 0 New
Left-wing Alliance 699 0.04 0 0 0 New
Labour Socialist Party 662 0.04 0 0 0 New
Independents 1 1
Invalid/blank votes 65,422
Total 1,825,054 100 77 73 150 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,513,884 51.94
Source: CEC, Civil.ge

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Georgian Dream starts preparations for Elections 2016". Rustavi 2. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  2. ^ Kakachia, Kornely (12 January 2015). "The end of the Georgian dream". openDemocracy. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "Alasania Becomes FD's Chairman, Hopes to 'Celebrate Victory' in 2016 Elections". Civil Georgia. 8 November 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Local Elections Boost Alliance of Patriots' Ambitions for Parliamentary Polls". Civil Georgia. 21 June 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  5. ^ Elections Guide Civil.ge
  6. ^ Georgia ruling party leads in parliamentary polls: Early results Press TV, 9 October 2016