Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center
Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center known as Wilford Hall Medical Center, is a U. S. Air Force medical treatment facility located on the grounds of San Antonio's Lackland Air Force Base. Operated by the 59th Medical Wing, Wilford Hall is the Defense Department's largest outpatient ambulatory surgical center, providing the full spectrum of primary care, specialty care, outpatient surgery; the medical facility is named after former Air Force physician, Maj. Gen. Wilford F. Hall, a visionary pioneer whose contributions were instrumental in the development of aeromedical evacuation. On Sept. 15, 2011, Wilford Hall Medical Center was renamed Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center as part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure Commission actions. Official 59th Medical Wing website
The Alamodome is a 64,000-seat multi-purpose stadium in San Antonio, Texas. It is located on the southeastern fringe of downtown San Antonio; the facility opened on May 1993, having been constructed at a cost of $186 million. The multi-purpose facility was intended to increase the city's convention traffic and attract a professional football franchise, it placated the San Antonio Spurs' demands for a larger arena. The Spurs played in the Alamodome for a decade became disenchanted with the facility and convinced Bexar County to construct a new arena for them, now called the AT&T Center; the Alamodome's regular tenants are the UTSA Roadrunners and the San Antonio Commanders of the Alliance of American Football. The facility is a rectilinear 5-level stadium which can seat up to 64,000 spectators for a typical football game and is expandable to hold 72,000 spectators; the stadium was designed to convert into a basketball or hockey arena. Converting the stadium for basketball and hockey takes 12–18 hours to set up retractable seating and installing the playing surface.
In this configuration only the two lower levels at one or both ends are used. The arena configuration seats 20,662 spectators, but is expandable to 39,500 when the upper level is opened; the stadium can be adapted into a smaller auditorium space, with an intimate, enclosed setting, seating upwards of 11,000 using floor space and the north grandstand. The Alamodome opened with 6,000 club level seats; the original design specifications called for 66 luxury suites. However, since the Spurs were the only full-time tenant at the time, only 38 luxury suites in the north end of the facility were built; the footprints for the 28 unbuilt luxury suites were open floor space just behind the club level seats that surround the south end of the facility. In 2006, the Alamodome underwent an expansion to accommodate 14 new luxury suites; the Sports Club and the Top of the Dome restaurant received renovations in 2004. The Alamodome has two permanent Olympic-size ice rinks that can be used for NHL games, figure skating and speed skating.
The facility contains 30,000 square feet of meeting rooms and 160,000 square feet of continuous exhibit space. The Alamodome is the home of the University of Texas at San Antonio Roadrunners and the San Antonio Commanders of the Alliance of American Football beginning in February 2019, it was home to the San Antonio Spurs of the NBA from 1993 to 2002, the San Antonio Texans of the CFL in 1995. The facility hosts special events such as the annual Alamo Bowl football game, UTSA's graduation ceremonies, as well as most of Northside ISD's high school graduation ceremonies. UIL State Football Playoff games are held in the Alamodome, including State Quarterfinals/Region 4 Finals and championship games in 2006, 2007 and 2009 The Alamodome's ability to accommodate basketball made it attractive to then-Spurs owner Red McCombs, looking for some time for a larger arena to replace their longtime home, HemisFair Arena; the Spurs moved to the Alamodome after the 1992–93 NBA season. They played nine seasons in the Alamodome from 1993 to 2002, including their first NBA championship season, played against the New York Knicks in 1999.
During the regular season, most of the upper level was curtained off. However, on certain weekends and when popular opponents came to town, the Spurs expanded the Alamodome's capacity to 35,000 by opening three portions of the upper level. More sections of the upper level were opened for the playoffs, expanding capacity to 39,500. Attendance was 39,514 for Game 1 of the 1999 NBA Finals and 39,554 for Game 2. Though the late 1990s saw the Spurs soar in popularity, the decision was made to move the team out of the spacious stadium and build a new arena. While the Alamodome had been designed to accommodate basketball, it was a football stadium; as the years passed, Spurs management and fans grew dissatisfied with its poor sight lines and cavernous feel. Part of the problem was the manner; the basketball court was at one end of the venue with temporary stands on one side of the court, leaving over half of the stadium curtained off. Television broadcast trucks were set up on the unused half of the playing surface.
By comparison, more modern domed stadiums that can accommodate basketball, such as AT&T Stadium in Arlington, place the basketball court in the center of where the football field would be, allowing for much larger attendances. Additionally, the Spurs tied up the Alamodome for most of the winter and spring due to their deep playoff runs. With the Alamodome booked solid well into April, it was difficult to accommodate conventions, concerts or a prospective football team. Moving the Spurs out of the Alamodome opened up more contiguous dates allowing the facility to schedule more events, though it has yet to host a Super Bowl; the Spurs moved to the new SBC Center after the 2001–02 season. The 1996 NBA All-Star Game was played in the Alamodome; the Alamodome is the site of the annual Alamo Bowl, which matches the second-choice teams from the Pac-12 Conference and the Big 12 Conference. The 2006 Alamo Bowl between the Texas Longhorns and the Iowa Hawkeyes was attended by 65,875, which set a facility-record crowd for a sporting event, only to have that record broken by an Alamo Bowl event the next year between Texas A&M and Penn State, which drew 66,166 attendees.
September 16, 2006, marked the fir
Archer County, Texas
Archer County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 9,054, its county seat is Archer City. The county was formed in 1858 and organized in 1880, it is named for a commissioner for the Republic of Texas. Archer County is part of TX Metropolitan Statistical Area. Archer County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 925 square miles, of which 903 square miles are land and 22 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 277 U. S. Highway 281 State Highway 25 State Highway 79 State Highway 114 Wichita County Clay County Jack County Young County Baylor County Wilbarger County Archer County is part of the Texas Red Beds, which are strata of red-colored sedimentary rock from the Early Permian; the fossils of Permian-era vertebrates in the Texas Red Beds were first discovered by Edward Drinker Cope in 1877.
Subsequent research has revealed rare fossils of Permian-era amphibians such as Trimerorhachis, rich deposits of other Permian tetrapods such as Dimetrodon and Diadectes. One of the most prominent fossil sites in the red beds is the Geraldine Bonebed, located in Archer County; as of the census of 2000, 8,854 people, 3,345 households, 2,515 families resided in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile; the 3,871 housing units averaged 4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.54% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, 1.32% from two or more races. About 4.87 % of the population was Latino of any race. Of the 3,345 households, 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.80% were not families. Of all unmarried partner households, 89.8% were heterosexual, 1.9% were same-sex male, 8.3% were same-sex female.
About 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.08. In the county, the population was distributed as 28.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,514, for a family was $45,984. Males had a median income of $31,386 versus $22,119 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,300. About 6.80% of families and 9.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over. These school districts serve Archer County: Archer City Independent School District Holliday Independent School District Iowa Park Consolidated Independent School District Jacksboro Independent School District Olney Independent School District Windthorst Independent School DistrictMegargel Independent School District once served portions of Archer County, but it closed after the fall of 2006.
The Seymour Division of the sprawling 320,000-deeded-acre La Escalera Ranch is located north of Seymour, Texas in Baylor County and part of Archer County. The Seymour Division consists of 34,000 acres, known as the Cross Bar Ranch when it was owned by the Claude Cowan Sr. Trust; the ranch was purchased in January, 2005 by the Gerald Lyda family and La Escalera Limited Partnership and is managed by partner Jo Lyda Granberg and her husband K. G. Granberg of Seymour. La Escalera Ranch extends over much of Pecos County and portions of Reeves, Brewster and Baylor Counties, it is known for its herd of its abundant wildlife. Joseph Sterling Bridwell, the Wichita Falls philanthropist and oilman owned a ranch in Archer County. Archer County is Republican, it has voted for the presidential candidate of that party in every election since 1980. Archer City Holliday Scotland Lakeside City Megargel Windthorst Dundee Mankins Anarene Huff List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Archer County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Archer County Lake Wichita Archer County government Archer County, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online Archer County from the Texas Almanac Archer County from the TXGenWeb Project Historic Archer County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History
HemisFair'68 was the official 1968 World's Fair held in San Antonio, from April 6 through October 6, 1968. The theme of the fair was "The Confluence of Civilizations in the Americas", celebrating the many nations which settled the region; the fair was held in 1968 to coincide with the 250th anniversary of the founding of San Antonio in 1718. More than thirty nations and fifteen corporations hosted pavilions at the fair; the Bureau International des Expositions which oversees World's Fairs and Expositions, awarded HemisFair'68 with official Fair status on November 17, 1965. The theme character of the fair was a dragon named Luther created by Sid and Marty Krofft, renamed and starred in the Kroffts' Saturday morning television show H. R. Pufnstuf; the main premise of the show was taken from their production for the Coca-Cola pavilion at the fair. The venture, which had an announced cost of $156 million, was financed by a combination of public and private funds. Public funding included $12.2 million from the U.
S. Housing and Home Finance Agency for acquiring and clearing the site, $11 million in publicly approved city bonds for construction of the convention center and arena, $5.5 million in general revenues from the City of San Antonio for construction of the Tower of the Americas, $10 million from the State of Texas for the construction of the Texas State Pavilion, $7.5 million from the United States Congress for the construction of the United States pavilion. Although HemisFair'68 attracted 6.3 million visitors and brought international attention to San Antonio and Texas, attendance never matched predictions, the fair lost $7.5 million. The fair was built on a 96.2-acre site on the southeastern edge of Downtown San Antonio. The site was acquired through eminent domain. Many structures in what was considered a blighted area were demolished and moved to make room for the fair; the project was developed with federal urban renewal funds. The San Antonio Conservation Society recommended. Overall, only 24 structures were saved.
In addition, as a part of the overall HemisFair project, the city extended its River Walk one-quarter of a mile into the site in order to link the River Walk and the HemisFair grounds in 1968. In 2001, the River Walk was extended again under the new Convention Center Expansion and is now connected to a small lagoon inside HemisFair Park. HemisFair began on April 6, 1968, with the gates opening at 9:00am and official ceremonies beginning at 10:00am in the new Convention Center Arena. However, with the opening just two days after Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated, VIPs including U. S. First Lady Lady Bird Johnson and Texas Governor John Connally, both of whom received death threats, were escorted around the site under heavy security. National pavilions at the fair included: Canada, Italy, France, Belgium, Republic of China, West Germany, Panama, Switzerland and Venezuela. There were shared pavilions such as a five-nation Central American pavilion, representing Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica and the special pavilions of the Organization of American States, which represented eleven more Latin American countries, including Brazil and Peru.
Corporate pavilions at the fair included: Eastman Kodak, Ford Motor Company, General Electric, General Motors, Humble Oil, IBM, RCA, Southwestern Bell, Frito Lay, Pepsi-Cola, Coca-Cola, American Express, 3M. Other pavilions at the fair included: the LDS Church, the Southern Baptist pavilion, the Women's Pavilion and Project Y. A monorail, named Mini-Monorail, connected pavilions together; the monorail was manufactured by Universal Design Limited and constructed by H. C. P. Enterprises. After HemisFair, much of the land ownership was transferred to the State of Texas and the U. S. Federal Government. Today, the City of San Antonio owns 50 acres of the site, 30 of which the Convention Center occupies. In 1986, many unused remaining structures built for the fair were removed and in celebration of the 20th Anniversary of HemisFair'68 15 acres of the site were redeveloped with cascading waterfalls, fountains and lush landscaping. Many of the improvements were concentrated near the base of the Tower of the Americas.
At the site's re-dedication in April 1988, the site was re-christened "HemisFair Park". This urban park is a gift from the city to its citizens. In 2008 Hyatt Hotels completed construction of the Grand Hyatt San Antonio on the north and eastern sides of the convention center theater built for HemisFair'68, it features guest rooms on the first 24 floors and condos on the last 10, all rooms on the south side have an unobstructed view of HemisFair Park and the Tower of the Americas. As of spring 2013, only a handful of structures built/renovated for the HemisFair remain on the former fairgrounds and are still open to the public. Convention Center Theater - The theater was built as one of a three-building complex during the buildup for HemisFair'68 and leased to San Antonio Fair, Inc. for use during the fair. Sometime after the fair it was renamed in honor of the city's former three-term mayor Lila Cockrell. After decades of limited upgrades, the building received a 26 million dollar renovation in 2010.
Above the windows on the exterior is a mural titled "Confluence of Civili
El Paso, Texas
El Paso is a city in and the county seat of El Paso County, United States, in the far western part of the state. The 2017 population estimate for the city from the U. S. Census was 683,577, its metropolitan statistical area covers all of El Paso and Hudspeth counties in Texas, has a population of 844,818. El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua with 1.4 million people. Las Cruces, in the neighboring U. S. state of New Mexico, has a population of 215,579. On the U. S. side, El Paso metropolitan area forms part of the larger El Paso–Las Cruces CSA, with a population of 1,060,397. Bi-nationally, these three cities form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or the Borderplex; the region of 2.5 million people constitutes the largest bilingual and binational work force in the Western Hemisphere. The city is home to three publicly traded companies, former Western Refining, now Andeavor. as well as home to the Medical Center of the Americas, the only medical research and care provider complex in West Texas and Southern New Mexico, the University of Texas at El Paso, the city's primary university.
The city hosts the annual Sun Bowl college football post-season game, the second oldest bowl game in the country. El Paso has a strong military presence. William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Biggs Army Airfield, Fort Bliss call the city home. Fort Bliss is one of the largest military complexes of the United States Army and the largest training area in the United States. Headquartered in El Paso are the DEA domestic field division 7, El Paso Intelligence Center, Joint Task Force North, United States Border Patrol El Paso Sector, the U. S. Border Patrol Special Operations Group. In 2010 and 2018, El Paso received an All-America City Award. El Paso ranked in the top three safest large cities in the United States between 1997 and 2014, including holding the title of safest city between 2011 and 2014; the El Paso region has had human settlement for thousands of years, as evidenced by Folsom points from hunter-gatherers found at Hueco Tanks. The evidence suggests 10,000 to 12,000 years of human habitation.
The earliest known cultures in the region were maize farmers. When the Spanish arrived, the Manso and Jumano tribes populated the area; these were subsequently incorporated into the Mestizo culture, along with immigrants from central Mexico, captives from Comanchería, genízaros of various ethnic groups. The Mescalero Apache were present. Spanish explorer Don Juan de Oñate was born in 1550 in Zacatecas, Zacatecas and was the first New Spain explorer known to have observed the Rio Grande near El Paso, in 1598, celebrating a Thanksgiving Mass there on April 30, 1598. However, the four survivors of the Narváez expedition, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Alonso del Castillo Maldonado, Andrés Dorantes de Carranza, his enslaved Moor Estevanico, are thought to have passed through the area in the mid-1530s. El Paso del Norte was founded on the south bank of the Río Bravo del Norte, in 1659 by Fray Garcia de San Francisco. In 1680, the small village of El Paso became the temporary base for Spanish governance of the territory of New Mexico as a result of the Pueblo Revolt, until 1692 when Santa Fe was reconquered and once again became the capital.
The Texas Revolution was not felt in the region, as the American population was small. However, the region was claimed by Texas as part of the treaty signed with Mexico and numerous attempts were made by Texas to bolster these claims. However, the villages which consisted of what is now El Paso and the surrounding area remained a self-governed community with both representatives of the Mexican and Texan government negotiating for control until Texas irrevocably took control in 1846. During this interregnum, 1836–1848, Americans nonetheless continued to settle the region; as early as the mid-1840s, alongside long extant Hispanic settlements such as the Rancho de Juan María Ponce de León, Anglo settlers such as Simeon Hart and Hugh Stephenson had established thriving communities of American settlers owing allegiance to Texas. Stephenson, who had married into the local Hispanic aristocracy, established the Rancho de San José de la Concordia, which became the nucleus of Anglo and Hispanic settlement within the limits of modern-day El Paso, in 1844: the Republic of Texas, which claimed the area, wanted a chunk of the Santa Fe trade.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo made the settlements on the north bank of the river part of the US, separate from Old El Paso del Norte on the Mexican side. The present Texas–New Mexico boundary placing El Paso on the Texas side was drawn in the Compromise of 1850. El Paso remained the largest settlement in New Mexico as part of the Republic of Mexico until its cession to the U. S. in 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the border was to run north of El Paso De Norte around the Ciudad Juárez Cathedral which became part of the state of Chihuahua. El Paso County was established in March 1850, with San Elizario as the first county seat; the United States Senate fixed a boundary between Texas and New Mexico at the 32nd parallel, thus ignoring history and topography. A military post called "The Post opposite El Paso" was established in 1849 on Coons' Rancho beside the settlement of Franklin, which became the nucleus of the future El Paso, Texas.
Jane Seymour Fonda is an American actress, producer, political activist, fitness guru, former fashion model. She is the recipient of various accolades including two Academy Awards, two BAFTA Awards, four Golden Globe Awards, a Primetime Emmy Award, the AFI Life Achievement Award, the Honorary Golden Lion. Born to actor Henry Fonda and socialite Frances Ford Seymour, Fonda made her acting debut with the 1960 Broadway play There Was a Little Girl, for which she received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play, made her screen debut the same year with the romantic comedy Tall Story, she rose to prominence in 1960s with such films as Period of Adjustment, Sunday in New York, Cat Ballou, Barefoot in the Park and Barbarella. Her first husband was Barbarella director Roger Vadim. A seven-time Academy Award nominee, she received her first nomination for They Shoot Horses, Don't They? and went on to win two Best Actress Oscars in the 1970s for Klute and Coming Home. Her other nominations were for Julia, The China Syndrome, On Golden Pond and The Morning After.
Consecutive hits Fun with Dick and Jane, California Suite, The Electric Horseman and 9 to 5 sustained Fonda's box-office drawing power, she won a Primetime Emmy Award for her performance in the 1984 TV film The Dollmaker. In 1982, she released her first exercise video, Jane Fonda's Workout, which became the highest-selling VHS of all time, it would be the first of 22 workout videos released by her over the next 13 years which would collectively sell over 17 million copies. Divorced from second husband Tom Hayden, she married billionaire media mogul Ted Turner in 1991 and retired from acting, following a row of commercially unsuccessful films concluded by Stanley & Iris. Fonda returned to the screen with the 2005 hit Monster-in-Law. Though Georgia Rule was the star's only other movie during the 2000s, in the early 2010s she re-launched her career. Subsequent films have included The Butler, This Is Where I Leave You, Our Souls at Night and Book Club. In 2009, she returned to Broadway after a 49-year absence from the stage, in the play 33 Variations which earned her a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play, while her major recurring role in the HBO drama series The Newsroom earned her two Primetime Emmy Award nominations.
She released another five exercise videos between 2010 and 2012. Fonda stars in the Netflix original series Grace and Frankie, which premiered in 2015 and has brought her nominations for a Primetime Emmy Award and three Screen Actors Guild Awards. Fonda was a visible political activist in the counterculture era during the Vietnam War and became involved in advocacy for women, she was famously and controversially photographed sitting on a North Vietnamese anti-aircraft gun on a 1972 visit to Hanoi, during which she became known under the nickname "Hanoi Jane". During this time, she was blacklisted in Hollywood, she has protested the Iraq War and violence against women, describes herself as a feminist. In 2005, along with Robin Morgan and Gloria Steinem, she co-founded the Women's Media Center, an organization that works to amplify the voices of women in the media through advocacy and leadership training, the creation of original content. Fonda serves on the board of the organization. Jane Seymour Fonda was born in New York City on December 21, 1937.
Her parents were Canadian-born socialite Frances Ford Brokaw, actor Henry Fonda. According to her father, their surname came from an Italian ancestor who immigrated to the Netherlands in the 1500s. There, he intermarried, the family began to use Dutch given names, with Jane's first Fonda ancestor reaching New York in 1650, she has English and French ancestry. She was named for the third wife of Henry VIII, Jane Seymour, to whom she is distantly related on her mother's side, she has a brother, an actor, a maternal half-sister, Frances de Villers Brokaw, whose daughter is Pilar Corrias, the owner of the Pilar Corrias Gallery in London. In 1950, when Fonda was 12, her mother died by suicide while undergoing treatment at Craig House psychiatric hospital in Beacon, New York; that year, Fonda's father married socialite Susan Blanchard, 23 years his junior. At 15 Fonda taught dance at New York, she attended Greenwich Academy in Connecticut. Fonda attended the Emma Willard School in Troy, New York, Vassar College in Poughkeepsie.
Before her acting career, she was a model. Fonda became interested in acting as a teenager, while appearing with her father in a charity performance of The Country Girl at the Omaha Community Playhouse. After dropping out of Vassar, she went to Paris for six months to study art. Upon returning to the states, in 1958, she met Lee Strasberg and the meeting changed the course of her life, Fonda saying, "I went to the Actors Studio and Lee Strasberg told me I had talent. Real talent, it was the first time. At anything, it was a turning point in my life. I went to bed thinking about acting. I woke up thinking about acting, it was like the roof had come off my life!"Fonda's stage work in the late 1950s laid the foundation for her film career in the 1960s. She averaged two movies a year throughout the decade, starting in 1960 with Tall Story, in which she recreated one of her Broadway roles as a college cheerleade
Fort Stockton, Texas
Fort Stockton is a city in and the county seat of Pecos County, United States. It is located on Interstate 10, Future Interstate 14, U. S. Highways 67, 285, 385, the Santa Fe Railroad, 329 mi northwest of San Antonio and 240 mi east of El Paso; the population was 8,283 at the 2010 census. Fort Stockton is located at 30°53′29″N 102°53′6″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.1 square miles, all land. As of the census of 2010, 8,535 people, 2,790 households, 2,106 families resided in the city; the population density was 1,531.3 people per square mile. The 3,189 housing units averaged 622.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.6% White, 0.89% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 25.16% from other races, 2.54% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 71% of the population. Of the 2,790 households, 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.5% were not families.
About 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.25. In the city, the population was distributed as 30.1% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,713, for a family was $30,941. Males had a median income of $25,735 versus $17,885 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,834. About 19.7% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.6% of those under age 18 and 17.7% of those age 65 or over. Fort Lancaster sent 1st Infantry Co. H "to take post" along Comanche Springs on 12 April 1859. Fort Stockton grew up around one of the largest sources of spring water in Texas.
The fort was named for 1st Lieutenant Edward Dorsey Stockton of the US 1st infantry, who died in San Antonio on March 13, 1857. Comanche Springs was a favorite rest stop on the Great Comanche Trail to Chihuahua, San Antonio-El Paso Road, the Butterfield Overland Mail Route. In 1861, the fort was garrisoned by 39 men of Company C, 8th Infantry, under the command of Capt. Arthur Tracy Lee, who evacuated the fort by April; the Confederates took possession of the fort on 9 May by Charles L. Pyron at the outbreak of the Civil War, but soon turned command over to Capt. William C. Adams. With the failure of John Baylor's invasion of New Mexico, a general Confederate evacuation of West Texas occurred in 1862. In 1867, the Army rebuilt the fort on a more permanent basis. Other forts in the frontier fort system were Forts Griffin, Belknap, Richardson, Bliss, McKavett, Clark, McIntosh and Phantom Hill in Texas, Fort Sill in Oklahoma. "Subposts or intermediate stations" were used, including Bothwick's Station on Salt Creek between Fort Richardson and Fort Belknap, Camp Wichita near Buffalo Springs between Fort Richardson and Red River Station, Mountain Pass between Fort Concho and Fort Griffin.
On 21 July 1867, Fort Stockton was reoccupied by Companies A, B, E, K of the 9th U. S. Cavalry Regiment, buffalo soldiers under the command of General Edward Hatch, while a new fort was built one-half mile north of the first post, on the west side of the creek. Major James F. Wade took command of Troops A, B, D, E, 9th Cavalry, Company G, 41st Infantry, on 2 Oct. 1868. Lt. Col. Wesley Merritt assumed command of Companies A and D, 9th Cavalry, G, 24th Infantry, K, 25th Infantry in Feb. 1871. Major Zenas Randall Bliss assumed command on 15 May 1872. Troops B, G, L, 10th Cavalry, Companies A and I, 1st Infantry, under Lt. Col. J. F. Wade, were stationed at the fort when the Army decided to abandon it in 1882. Major George A. Purington was the last commander when the Army left on 27 June 1886. San Antonio entrepreneurs were convinced the water from the nearby Comanche and Leon Springs could be used for irrigation, they purchased large tracts of land for agricultural development. In 1868, Peter Gallagher bought the land that included the military garrison and Comanche Springs, platted 160 acres for a town site named Saint Gaul, established two stores at Comanche Springs.
Gallagher and John James purchased 5,500 acres along Comanche Creek. By 1870, the Saint Gaul region had a population of 420 civilians, predominantly Irish and Mexican Catholics who had come by way of San Antonio; the first church in Saint Gaul was Catholic. When Pecos County was organized in 1875, Saint Gaul became the county seat; the name, was never popular with the citizens, on August 13, 1881, it was changed to Fort Stockton. By 1870, some settlers were using the water from the Pecos River for irrigation. Seven years irrigated farmland comprised 7,000 acres, by 1945, the total reached 12,900 acres. In 1951, Clayton Williams, Sr. and other "pump farmers" west of town drilled irrigation wells that tapped into the aquifer that fed Comanche Springs. A lawsuit was filed by the Pecos County Water District #1, 108 families who depended on the flow from the springs, to stop the pumping. On June 21, 1954, the Texas Court of Civil Appeals ruled in favor of Clayton Williams, et al. by upholding "the rule of capture", agreeing with the lan