19 July 1935|
2 February 2014 (aged 78)|
Albrecht was born in Essen, the son of the musicologist Hans Albrecht (1902-1961). He studied music in Kiel and in Hamburg, where his teachers included Wilhelm Brückner-Rüggeberg. He was a first-prize winner at the International Besançon Competition for Young Conductors at age 22. His first post was as a repetiteur at the Stuttgart State Opera. Later, he became Senior Kapellmeister at the Staatstheater Mainz, and Generalmusikdirektor in Lübeck. He also held posts at the Deutsche Oper Berlin, the Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich and the Hamburg State Opera.
His work in contemporary opera included conducting Aribert Reimann's Lear in both its world premiere and its United States premiere, as well as making the first commercial recording of the opera. His other commercial recordings include Robert Schumann's Genoveva and Manfred, and the first commercial recording of Hans Werner Henze's Gogo no Eiko (The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea) in its revised Japanese-language version.
Albrecht died at age 78 on 2 February 2014 in Berlin.
Czech Philharmonic controversy
In 1991, the musicians of the Czech Philharmonic picked Albrecht as its principal conductor, the first non-Czech conductor named to the post, for a tenure scheduled to last seven years beginning in 1994. The orchestra had played a part in protesting the Soviet domination of their country and reorganized as a self-governing entity. The musician's selection of Albrecht effectively meant the replacing of Czech conductor Jiří Bělohlávek, who then in 1992 resigned from his position early. Consequently, by the time that he took up the post, the orchestra was already somewhat riven. Albrecht proved effective in improving the Czech Philharmonic's finances and at raising its international profile with foreign tours. He is also acknowledged to have been a musical success, and his recordings with the orchestra included music of Ervin Schulhoff. However, a series of political conflicts led to his early resignation.
In 1994, the Czech Philharmonic was invited to perform at the Vatican in a concert celebrating reconciliation between Roman Catholics and Jews. However, the invitation was to play under the American conductor Gilbert Levine, already known for his close relationship with the Vatican under Pope John Paul II and subsequently for the telecast, Papal Concert to Commemorate the Holocaust. Albrecht vetoed the engagement, ostensibly because the orchestra was too busy, although other speculation on the actual reason for the refusal was that the Vatican did not invite Albrecht.
Czech president Václav Havel became involved, telling Albrecht that his actions were damaging the orchestra. The situation steadily deteriorated, with Albrecht painting himself in press interviews as a victim of racism and anti-German feeling and for being expected personally to atone for all past German misdeeds. He also claimed that his phone was bugged. Havel retaliated in the media with his own claims. Albrecht and Bělohlávek collaborated for the 100th anniversary concert, each conducting half of it, on January 4, 1996, but Havel was conspicuously absent and members of the orchestra showed their allegiances when the time came for applause. Albrecht resigned from this post a month later asserting that his musical authority had been undermined.
Other conducting work
From 2000-2004, he was principal conductor of the Danish National Symphony Orchestra, with which he made commercial recordings for such labels as Chandos. In 2003, he caused controversy when he spoke from the podium at one concert to protest the US invasion of Iraq. He later apologized for the incident. In Japan, he served as principal conductor of Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra from 1998 to 2007, and became its conductor laureate after 2007.
Recordings of complete operas
Berlioz, troyens, Les, Albrecht/Dernesch/Ludwig/Lilowa/Chauvet/Schöne/Ghiuselev, 1976, live in Vienna, Gala
Busoni, Arlecchino, Albrecht/Bellamy/Wörle/Lorenz/Pape/Lika, 1992, Capriccio
Busoni, Turandot, Albrecht/Plech/Schreckenbach/Protschka/Pape, 1992, Capriccio
Dvořák, Armida, Albrecht/Borowska/Ochman/Kříž/Fortune/Daniluk, 1995, live in Prague, Orfeo
Dvořák, Devil and Kate (Čert a Káča), The, Albrecht/Romanko/Breedt/Straka/Mikuláš, 2007, Orfeo
Dvořák, Dimitrij, Albrecht/Hajóssyová/Ághová/Vodička/Kusnjer/Mikuláš, 1989, Supraphon
Dvořák, Jakobín, Albrecht/Danková/Ághová/Lorenz/Lehotsky/Bronikowski/Stephinger, 2003, Orfeo
Dvořák, King and Collier (Král a uhlíř), Albrecht/Ághová/Breedt/Lehotsky/Schäfer/Jenis/Mikuláš, 2005, live in Cologne, Orfeo
Dvořák, Svatební košile, Albrecht/Ághová/Protschka/Kusnjer, 1991, live in Hamburg, Orfeo
Dvořák, Vanda, Albrecht/Romanko/Tchistiakova/Breedt/Straka/Kusnjer/Kusnjer/Daniluk, 1999, Orfeo
Gurlitt, Soldaten, Albrecht/Müller/Barainsky/Breedt/Harper/Mohr/Burt, 1998, Orfeo
Gurlitt, Wozzeck, Albrecht/Lindsley/Wottrich/Wörle/Scharinger/Hermann, 1993, Crystal
Halévy, Juive, La, Albrecht/Ghazarian/Tokody/Carreras/Merritt/Siepi, 1981, live in Vienna, abridged, Legato
Henze, Bassarids, The, Albrecht/Lindsley/Armstrong/Riegel/Tear/Schmidt-A/Murray-W/Burt, 1986, Koch
Henze, verratene Meer (Gogo no Eiko), Das, Albrecht/Midorikawa/Takahashi/Mihara, 2006, live in Salzburg, Orfeo
Hindemith, Cardillac, Albrecht/Schweizer/Schunk/Nimsgern/Stamm, 1988, Wergo
Hindemith, Mathis der Maler, Albrecht/Rossmanith/Hass/Protschka/Kruse/Hermann/Stamm, 1989, Wergo
Hindemith, Mörder, Hoffnung der Frauen, Albrecht/Schnaut/Grundheber, 1986, Wergo
Hindemith, Nusch-Nuschi, Das, Albrecht/Schweizer/Lindsley/Sieber/Schreckenbach/Gahmlich/Knutson/Stamm/Halem, 1987, Wergo
Hindemith, Sancta Susanna, Albrecht/Donath/Schnaut/Schreckenbach, 1984, Wergo
Janáček, Osud, Albrecht/Ághová/Straka, 1995, live in Prague, Orfeo
Krenek, Karl V, Albrecht/Jurinac/Ciesinski-Kr/Schwarz/Moser-T/Melchert/Schreier/Adam, 1980, live in Salzburg, Philips
Liebermann-R, Freispruch für Medea, Albrecht/Pollet/Spingler/Kowalski/Haugland/Mist, 1995, live in Hamburg, Musiques Suisses
Marschner, Hans Heiling, Albrecht/Zeumer/Schröder-Feinen/Gilles/Siukola/Weikl, 1972, live in Torino, Voce
Massenet, Thérèse, Albrecht/Baltsa/Araiza/Fortune, 1981, live in Rome, Orfeo
Mercadante, giuramento, Il, Albrecht/Bernard/Baltsa/Carreras/Kerns, 1974, live in Berlin, House of Opera
Mercadante, giuramento, Il, Albrecht/Zampieri/Baltsa/Domingo/Kerns, 1979, live in Vienna, Orfeo
Meyerbeer, africaine, L’, Albrecht/Brunner/Arroyo/Lamberti/Milnes, 1977, live in Munich, Myto
Puccini, Gianni Schicchi, Albrecht/Ghazarian/Lilowa/Ramiro/Berry, 1979, live in Vienna, Orfeo
Puccini, Gianni Schicchi, Albrecht/Rossmanith/Dernesch/Ombuena Valls/Duesing, 1995, DVD, Hamburg, Encore
Puccini, Suor Angelica, Albrecht/Lorengar/Meyer, 1979, live in Vienna, Bella Voce
Puccini, Suor Angelica, Albrecht/Gallardo-Domâs/Dernesch, 1995, DVD, Hamburg, Encore
Puccini, tabarro, Il, Albrecht/Zschau/Atlantov/Bruson, 1979, live in Vienna, Bella Voce
Puccini, tabarro, Il, Albrecht/Daniels/Margison/Grundheber, 1995, DVD, Hamburg, Encore
Reimann, Lear, Albrecht/Varady/Dernesch/Lorand/Knutson/Götz/Holm/Boysen/Fischer-Dieskau/Plöcker, 1978, live in Munich, DG
Schnittke, D Johann Fausten, Historia von, Albrecht/Schwarz/Raunig/Büchner/Lorenz/Freier, 1995, live in Hamburg, RCA
Schoeck, Penthesilea, Albrecht/Gessendorf/Marsh/Dernesch/Lipovšek/Hiestermann/Adam, 1982, live in Salzburg, Orfeo
Schönberg, Erwartung, Albrecht/Nielsen, 2003, Chandos
Schreker, ferne Klang, Der, Albrecht/Schnaut/Juon/Wörle/Moser-T/Hermann/Nimsgern, 1990, Capriccio
Schreker, Gezeichneten, Die, Albrecht/Martin-Ja/Riegel/Becht/Adam/Meven, 1984, live in Salzburg, Orfeo
Schreker, Schatzgräber, Der, Albrecht/Schnaut/Kruse/Protschka/Haage/Helm/Stamm, 1989, live in Hamburg, abridged, Capriccio
Schumann, Genoveva, Albrecht/Faulkner/Behle-R/Lewis-K/Stamm/Titus/Schultz, 1992, live in Hamburg, Orfeo
Spohr, Jessonda, Albrecht/Studer/Soffel/Moser-T/Hermann/Hölle, 1985, live in Vienna, Voce
Spohr, Jessonda, Albrecht/Varady/Behle-R/Moser-T/Fischer-Dieskau/Moll, 1990, live in Hamburg, abridged, Orfeo
Spontini, Olimpie, Albrecht/Varady/Toczyska/Tagliavini/Fischer-Dieskau/Fortune, 1984, Orfeo
Ullmann, zerbrochene Krug, Der, Albrecht/Barainsky/Breedt/Künzli/Hermann, 1997, Orfeo
Wolf, Corregidor, Der, Albrecht/Donath/Soffel/Hollweg/Fischer-Dieskau/Halem, 1985, Koch Schwann
Zemlinsky, florentinische Tragödie, Eine, Albrecht/Soffel/Riegel/Sarabia, 1984, Schwann
Zemlinsky, König Kandaules, Der, Albrecht/Warren/O’Neal/Pederson, 1996, live in Hamburg, Capriccio
Zemlinsky, Traumgörge, Der, Albrecht/Martin-Ja/Protschka, 1988, Capriccio
Zemlinsky, Zwerg, Der, Albrecht/Nielsen/Haldas/Riegel/Weller, 1983, Schwann
- Margalit Fox (2004-02-10). "Gerd Albrecht, German Conductor and Lightning Rod, Is Dead at 78". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- Graeme, Roland (2001). "Lear. Aribert Reimann". The Opera Quarterly. 17 (1): 158–161. doi:10.1093/oq/17.1.158. Retrieved 2007-09-13.
- John Rockwell (17 June 1981). "Lear by Aribert Reimann". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-09-06.
- Michael Walsh (29 June 1981). "Three Premieres, Three Hits". Time. Retrieved 2007-09-13.
- Franklin, Peter, "CD Reviews" (March 1994). The Musical Times, 135 (1813): pp. 166-167.
- Andrew Clements (2010-05-06). "Henze: Gogo no Eiko". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- John Rockwell (30 December 1992). "Czech Philharmonic Faces Perilous Times In Dividing Country". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
- Rickards, Guy, Review of recordings of music of Ervin Schulhoff (July 1995). Tempo (New Ser.), 193: pp. 53-55.
- Alan Levy (31 January 1996). "Storm at Czech Philharmonic". International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 2007-03-10. Retrieved 2007-05-28.
- Andrew Clements (2005-01-07). "Dvorak: Dimitrij, Vodicka/ Drobkova/ Hajossyova/ Aghova/ Czech Philharmonic/ Albrecht". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- Edward Greenfield (2004-08-13). "Brahms: Rinaldo; Alto Rhapsody; Gesang der Parzen, Larsson/ Andersen/ Danish National Choir and Symphony Orch/ Albrecht". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- Brian Wise (2003). "Conductor Gerd Albrecht Forced to Apologize for Anti-War Statement". WNYC.org. Retrieved 2007-09-13.
- Gerd Albrecht on IMDb
- Gerd Albrecht at AllMusic
- Semperoper English-language biography of Gerd Albrecht
| Principal Conductor, Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra
| Principal Conductor, Danish National Symphony Orchestra