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German submarine U-489

German submarine U-489 was a Type XIV supply and replenishment U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 28 January 1942, by Germaniawerft of Kiel as yard number 558, she was launched on 24 December 1942 and commissioned on 8 March 1943, with Leutnant zur See Adalbert Schmandt in command. He remained in command throughout the boat's short career; the U-boat's service life commenced with the 4th U-boat Flotilla from 8 March 31 July 1943. She served, for operations, with the 12th flotilla. German Type XIV submarines were shortened versions of the Type IXDs. U-489 had a displacement of 1,688 tonnes when at 1,932 tonnes while submerged; the U-boat had a total length of 67.10 m, a pressure hull length of 48.51 m, a beam of 9.35 m, a height of 11.70 m, a draught of 6.51 m. The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft supercharged four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines producing a total of 2,800–3,200 metric horsepower for use while surfaced, two Siemens-Schuckert 2 GU 345/38-8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower for use while submerged.

She had two propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 240 metres; the submarine had a maximum surface speed of 14.4–14.9 knots and a maximum submerged speed of 6.2 knots. When submerged, the boat could operate for 120 nautical miles at 2 knots. U-489 was not fitted with torpedo tubes or deck guns, but had two 3.7 cm SK C/30 anti-aircraft guns with 2500 rounds as well as a 2 cm C/30 guns with 3000 rounds. The boat had a complement of fifty-three. U-489's first patrol began with her departure from Kiel on 2 July 1943, she headed for the Atlantic by way of the so-called Faeroes Gap between Iceland and the Faroe Islands, north of the British Isles. She was attacked by a PBY Catalina flying boat of No. 190 Squadron RAF on 3 August. During the action, the'Cat' retired, her crew were obliged to jettison depth charges and on their return, found the rudder cables severed. Her place was taken by a Lockheed Hudson of 269 Squadron, which succeeded in damaging U-489. Although as a supply boat, she avoided combat, she was lost on her first patrol when on 4 August, she was attacked by a Canadian Sunderland flying boat of No. 423 Squadron RCAF, south-east of Iceland.

The Sunderland was shot down, five of the eleven man crew were killed. 53 of her crew escaped. All the survivors were picked up by the destroyers HMS HMS Orwell. Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type XIV boat U-489". German U-boats of WWII – uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014

Govoner Vaughn

Govoner Vaughn was a former high school and professional basketball player during the 1950s & 60s. Vaughn led Edwardsville High School to a fourth-place finish in the I. H. S. A. 1954 high school playoffs, as well as a second-place finish in 1956 to defending champion, Rockford West. Vaughn played in eight career state playoff games over two seasons, his 92 points were all scored during the 1956 tournament. He, along with Mannie Jackson, were named first-team all-tournament. Vaughn went on to play for the University of Illinois for three years, 1957-1960, where he and his fellow high school teammate, were the first African-American letter winners for the University of Illinois. Vaughn scored the 46th highest total in Illini history, he holds the second highest single season free-throw percentage at.865, making 83 of 96 during the 1959-60 season. After graduating from Illinois in 1960, Vaughn joined the Harlem Globetrotters. During his time with the Globetrotters, he was named MVP of the 1961 World Series of Basketball.

This event was a 20-game series against the nation's top college seniors. Vaughn rejoined the Globetrotters in 2010 and served as the team's director of alumni relations after spending 24 years at Detroit Edison. Vaughn played on the freshman squad, records for this season could not be added to his varsity totals. During Vaughn's sophomore season, he started all 22 games as the team's center, he finished the season with the second highest point total averaging 14.9 points per game. Only Don Ohl scored more points at 431. Vaughn, finished with the highest field goal average at.426 and the second highest free-throw percentage at.773, making 51 of his 66 attempts. With the graduation of leading scorer Don Ohl, the Fighting Illini experienced a surge in performance sparked by the play of junior center John Wessels and Edwardsville High School teammate Mannie Jackson along with senior guard Roger Taylor; these changes, limited Vaughn's production and reduced his point total to 263 for the season. With a reduced role, Vaughn finished the season with the fourth highest point total averaging 12.5 points per game.

Vaughn was the instrumental force in the 1959–60 Illinois Fighting Illini men's basketball team. He started all 23 games during that season and dominated all offensive categories after an injury sidelined previous team-leader John Wessels. Vaughn was first on the Fighting Illini in scoring with 411 points, first on the team in rebounding with 189 and first on the team in free-throw percentage at.865. Vaughn was named team MVP as well as All-American for this season. 1958 - Honorable Mention All-American1959 - Honorable Mention All-Big Ten1960 - 2nd Team All-Big Ten1960 - Team MVP1960 - Honorable Mention All-American1973 - Inducted into the Illinois Basketball Coaches Association's Hall of Fame as a player.2008 - Honored as one of the thirty-three honored jerseys which hang in the State Farm Center to show regard for being the most decorated basketball players in the University of Illinois' history. Harlem Globetrotters ProfileGovoner Vaughn's Honored Jersey Ceremony on YouTube

Jessel baronets

There have been two baronetcies created for members of the Jessel family, both in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. One creation is extant as of 2012; the Jessel Baronetcy, of Ladham House in the parish of Goudhurst in the County of Kent, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 25 May 1883 for Charles Jessel, in honour of his father, the prominent lawyer and judge Sir George Jessel, Master of the Rolls from 1873 to 1883. The first Baronet was High Sheriff of Kent in 1903; the Jessel Baronetcy, of Westminster in the County of London, was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1917 for the politician Herbert Jessel, second son of Sir George Jessel and younger brother of the first Baronet of the 1883 creation. He was elevated to the peerage as Baron Jessel in 1924. Sir Charles James Jessel, 1st Baronet Sir George Jessel, 2nd Baronet Sir Charles John Jessel, 3rd Baronet see Baron Jessel Kidd, Williamson, David. Debrett's Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press, 1990, Leigh Rayment's list of baronets

10th Mechanised Division (Syria)

The 10th Mechanised Division is a division of the Syrian Arab Army engaged in the Syrian Civil War. In Lebanon in 1982, the 10th Armoured Division was deployed south of the Beirut-Damascus road, inside Beirut, consisted of the 76th and 91st Tank Brigades – equipped with T-62s and BMP-1s – and the 85th Mechanized Brigade, equipped with T-55s and BTR-60s; the division was assigned control of the 20th Commando Battalion as well. The same year the division was reported to have taken place in the 1982 Hama massacre. In 2001 Richard Bennett's estimate of the Army order of battle reported that the 10th Mechanized Division was headquartered in Shtoura, part of the 2nd Corps, its main units deployed to control the strategic Beirut-Damascus highway with the 123rd Mechanized Brigade near Yanta, the 51st Armored Brigade near Zahle in the Beqaa Valley and the 85th Armored Brigade, deployed around the complex of positions at Dahr al-Baidar. In Syria, the division was reported to have become involved in the two battles in al-Qusayr starting on 19 May 2013, as part of the larger al-Qusayr offensive, launched in early April 2013 by the Syrian Army and the Lebanese militia Hezbollah, with the aim of capturing the villages around the rebel-held town of al-Qusayr and launching an attack on the town itself.

Al-Qusayr is near the border with Lebanon. The region was strategically important as a supply route for rebels fighting Syrian government forces in Homs, for its proximity to government-supporting areas along the coast. In January 2016, a cover photo for a Sputnik news article, showing an artillery battery, was captioned as 130-mm guns of the 10th Division, 2nd Corps, near Katana, Damascus Governorate. In course of the Ithriyah-Raqqa offensive in 2016, the division's chief-of-staff, Major General Hassan Saado, was killed. In 2013 Holliday estimated the division included the 18th, 62nd, 85th Mechanised Brigade, the 56th Armoured Brigade

The Key to Time

The sixteenth season of British science fiction television series Doctor Who, known collectively as The Key to Time, began on 2 September 1978 with The Ribos Operation, ended with The Armageddon Factor. The arc was conceived by producer Graham Williams, who had proposed it as part of his application for the producer's job in 1976; the name refers to the powerful artefact, the segments of which are what the Fourth Doctor and his companions, Romana and K9, search for during the season. A figure calling himself the White Guardian commissions the Doctor and K9, assisted by a new companion, the Time Lady Romana, to find the six segments of the Key to Time, a cosmic artifact resembling a perfect cube that maintains the equilibrium of the universe. Since it is too powerful for any single being to possess, it has been split into six different segments and scattered across space and time, disguised by the raw elemental power within them into any shape or size. However, since the forces balancing the universe are so upset, the White Guardian needs to recover the segments of the Key to stop the universe so that he can restore the balance.

The White Guardian warns the Doctor of the Black Guardian, who wishes to obtain the Key to Time for his own purposes. In the final episode, the Black Guardian, disguised as the White Guardian, attempts to take the Key from the Doctor. However, the Doctor sees through the figure's charade and orders the segments of the Key to Time to once again become scattered across all of time and space, bar the sixth, which he reinstates as Princess Astra. Afterward, the Doctor decides to install a device called a randomiser into the TARDIS' navigation system for a period of time to make his following voyages unpredictable to evade the Black Guardian; the first segment is disguised as a lump of Jethrik on the planet Ribos. The second is the planet Calufrax, shrunk to miniature size by the space-hopping pirate planet Zanak; the third is the Great Seal of Diplos, stolen by a criminal of that planet. The fourth is part of a statue on the planet Tara; the fifth has been consumed by the squid Kroll. The final segment is a female humanoid – Princess Astra.

Tom Baker as the Fourth Doctor Mary Tamm as Romana John Leeson as Voice of K9 Valentine Dyall as the Black GuardianTom Baker continued his role as The Fourth Doctor, saw the introduction of Romana played by Mary Tamm. This season was the only one to feature Tamm as the first incarnation of Romana, as the second incarnation, played by Lalla Ward, began her run in the first serial of the next season. Douglas Adams took over as script editor from Anthony Read for The Armageddon Factor. Season 16 consists of one long story arc encompassing six linked stories; the Key to Time was broadcast from 2 September 1978 to 24 February 1979

Elizabeth LeCompte

Elizabeth LeCompte is an American director of experimental theater and media. A founding member of The Wooster Group, she has directed that ensemble since its emergence in the late 1970s. LeCompte grew up in New Jersey, she earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Fine Arts from Skidmore College. She met director and actor Willem Dafoe at The Performance Group and began a professional and personal relationship, their son, was born in 1982. With The Wooster Group, she has composed and directed over forty works for theater, dance and video, starting with Sakonnet Point in 1975; these works characteristically interweave performance with multimedia technologies and are influenced by historical and contemporary visual arts and architecture. She is known both for taking apart and reworking classics such as Hamlet, The Emperor Jones, The Hairy Ape as well as constructing new works from scratch. Prior to her work with The Wooster Group, she was a member of the experimental theater company The Performance Group from 1970 to 1975.

Subsequently, LeCompte and Spalding Gray founded The Wooster Group, along with Jim Clayburgh, Willem Dafoe, Peyton Smith, Kate Valk, Ron Vawter. For her work with these groups, LeCompte was included in Mitter and Shevtsova's 2004 volume discussing 50 influential theater directors around the world. Other writers include her in the lineage of experimental theater artists that passes through Meyerhold and Grotowski to the present generation of "postdramatic" theater makers; as a New Yorker writer put it: "Luminaries of the theatrical avant-garde—Richard Foreman, Robert Wilson, Peter Sellars among them—describe her as first among equals". LeCompte has lectured and taught at American University, the Art Institute of Chicago, Columbia University, Connecticut College, the Lincoln Center Theatre Directors Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New York University, Northeastern University, the O’Neill Center, Smith College, the University of London, the Yale School of Drama. Among her honors, LeCompte has received the National Endowment for the Arts Distinguished Artists Fellowship for Lifetime Achievement in the American Theater, the MacArthur Fellowship, the Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres from the French Cultural Ministry, a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship, a United States Artists Fellowship, an Anonymous Was A Woman Award, the Theater Practitioner Award from Theatre Communications Group, The Skowhegan Medal for Performance, a Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Performance Artist Award and honorary doctorates from the New School for Social Research and the California Institute of the Arts.

She was included in the 1993 Whitney Biennial. She won Lillian Gish Prize. Sakonnet Point Rumstick Road Nayatt School Point Judith Route 1 & 9 L. S. D. Frank Dell’s The Temptation of St. Antony North Atlantic Brace Up! The Emperor Jones Fish Story The Hairy Ape House/Lights To You, The Birdie! Poor Theater Who’s Your Dada?! Hamlet La Didone Vieux Carré Troilus and Cressida — a collaboration with the Royal Shakespeare Company. Early Shaker Spirituals Hula For the Good Times Dances with T. V. and Mic Erase-E I Am Jerome Bel Flaubert Dreams of Travel but the Illness of His Mother Prevents It Today I Must Sincerely Congratulate You White Homeland Commando Rhyme ’Em to Death The Emperor Jones House/Lights There Is Still Time.. Brother Brace Up! Dailies To You, The Birdie! Rumstick Road The Emperor Jones Racine’s Phèdre In 1977 LeCompte began a relationship with actor Willem Dafoe, eleven years her junior, they never ended their relationship in 2004 after 27 years. The couple share Jack; the Performance Group The Wooster Group Champagne, Leonora, “Always Starting New: Elizabeth LeCompte,” The Drama Review 25:3.

Dunkelberg, Kermit, “Confrontation, Admiration: The Wooster Group’s Poor Theater,” The Drama Review 49:3. Kramer, Jane, "Experimental Journey: Elizabeth LeCompte Takes on Shakespeare", The New Yorker. LeCompte, Elizabeth, “An Introduction,” Performing Arts Journal, 3:2. LeCompte, Elizabeth, “Who Owns History?”, Performing Arts Journal, 4:1. LeCompte, Elizabeth, “The Wooster Group Dances: From the Notebooks of Elizabeth LeCompte,” The Drama Review, 29:2. LeCompte, Elizabeth, "500 Words: Elizabeth LeCompte," Art Forum. Quick, The Wooster Group Work Book. Savran, Breaking the Rules: The Wooster Group. Savran, David, "The Death of the Avant Garde," The Drama Review 49:3. Sterrit, David, "Pioneering a New Kind of Stage Magic," The Christian Science Monitor. Yablonsky, Linda, "Elizabeth LeCompte," Bomb; the Wooster Group website Elizabeth LeCompte on IMDb