Frenzy is a 1972 British thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock. It is the penultimate feature film of his extensive career; the screenplay by Anthony Shaffer was based on the novel Goodbye Piccadilly, Farewell Leicester Square by Arthur La Bern. The film stars Jon Finch, Alec McCowen, Barry Foster and features Billie Whitelaw, Anna Massey, Barbara Leigh-Hunt, Bernard Cribbins and Vivien Merchant; the original music score was composed by Ron Goodwin. The plot centres on the ex-RAF serviceman he implicates. In a early scene there is dialogue that mentions two actual London serial murder cases: the Christie murders in the early 1950s, the Jack the Ripper murders in 1888. Barry Foster has said that, in order to prepare for his role, he was asked by Hitchcock to study two books about Neville Heath, an English serial killer who would pass himself off as an officer in the RAF. Frenzy was the third and final film that Hitchcock made in Britain after he moved to Hollywood in 1939; the other two were Under Capricorn in 1949 and Stage Fright in 1950.
The last film he had made in Britain before his move to America was Jamaica Inn. The film was screened at the 1972 Cannes Film Festival, but was not entered into the main competition. Set in the early 1970s, the plot centres on a serial killer terrorizing London by raping and strangling women with a tie. Bob Rusk, a Covent Garden wholesale produce merchant, is the murderer. However, circumstantial evidence engineered by Rusk, will implicate Rusk's friend Richard Blaney, who becomes a fugitive attempting to prove his innocence. Blaney, newly fired from his pub job, visits his ex-wife, Brenda, at her matchmaking business, they argue, but she invites him out to dinner. Broke, he ends up spending the night at a Salvation Army shelter. Soon afterward, Rusk arrives at Brenda's office, she had refused him as a client due to his sexual peculiarities. When she spurns his advances, he strangles her with his tie. After Rusk leaves, Blaney arrives to see Brenda. Suspicion falls on Blaney after Brenda's secretary tells police that she saw Blaney leaving the building just as she was returning from lunch.
Blaney meets up with his girlfriend and former pub co-worker. They soon learn about Brenda's murder, they hide out at the flat of a friend. Babs returns to the pub to fetch her and Blaney's belongings, intending to meet him the next morning to go to Paris. At the pub, Babs runs into Rusk, who claims he is leaving town and offers her his flat for the night; that night, Rusk stows it in the back of a lorry hauling potatoes. Back in his room, he discovers his distinctive jewelled tie pin is missing, realizes that Babs must have torn it off. Knowing the tie pin will incriminate him, he goes to retrieve it, but the lorry starts off on its northern journey while Rusk is still inside. Rigor mortis has set in. Dishevelled and dirty, he gets out. Babs' body is discovered. Blaney, now the prime suspect in Babs' murder as well as the others, seeks out Rusk's help. Although the police are searching Covent Garden, Rusk offers to hide Blaney at his flat. Rusk goes there first with Blaney's plants Babs' belongings inside it.
He tips off the police, who arrest Blaney and find the clothing. Blaney is convicted, but he so protests his innocence and accuses Rusk that Chief Inspector Oxford reconsiders the evidence and secretly investigates Rusk. Oxford discusses the case with his wife in several comic relief scenes that concern her pretensions as a gourmet cook. Blaney, now in prison, deliberately injures himself and is taken to the hospital, where his fellow inmates help him escape the locked ward, he intends to murder Rusk in revenge. Oxford, learning of Blaney's escape, suspects he is heading to Rusk's flat and goes there. Blaney finds the door unlocked, he strikes. However, the person in the bed is not Rusk but the corpse of Rusk's latest female victim. Oxford arrives, he begins to proclaim his innocence, but a large banging noise coming up the staircase interrupts them. Rusk enters; the film ends with Oxford's urbane but pointed comment, "Mr. Rusk, you're not wearing your tie." Rusk drops the trunk in defeat. The credits roll with its cross motif.
Cast notes Alfred Hitchcock's cameo appearance can be seen three minutes into the film in the centre of a crowd scene, wearing a bowler hat. Teaser trailers show a Hitchcock-like dummy floating in the River Thames and Hitchcock introducing the audience to Covent Garden via the fourth wall. Michael Caine was Hitchcock's first choice for the role of Rusk, the main antagonist, but Caine thought the character was disgusting and said "I don't want to be associated with the part." Foster was cast. Vanessa Redgrave turned down the role of Brenda, Deep Red's David Hemmings was considered to pl
Dick Turpin (TV series)
Dick Turpin is a British television drama series starring Richard O'Sullivan and Michael Deeks. It was created by Richard Carpenter, Paul Knight and Sydney Cole and written by Richard Carpenter, John Kane, Charles Crichton and Paul Wheeler, it was made by Gatetarn, Seacastle productions in-association with London Weekend Television between 1979 and 1982. 26 half-hour episodes and one feature-length episode were filmed on location at Maidenhead in Berkshire, England. The series is loosely based on the adventures of the real 18th century highwayman Dick Turpin; the series takes place in 18th century England. After Dick Turpin, the son of a farmer, returns to England after three years military service in the Mediterranean, he discovers that he and his parents have been cheated out of their farm and his inheritance by the unscrupulous Sir John Glutton, that his parents have died of starvation. Turpin, now bitter and poor, becomes a Highwayman. Cleverly, Richard Carpenter has the series take place after the real life Dick Turpin has been hanged in 1739.
This meant that the writers did not have to use any events from Turpin's real life in the series. The TV story begins after the presumed death by hanging of Dick Turpin at York, it is made clear at the beginning of the series that the man, hanged claimed the famous name. Captain Nathan Spiker, working for Sir John Glutton, threatens to evict Mary Smith and her son Nick from their inn'The Black Swan' if they do not hand over 20 guineas. Meanwhile, the real Dick Turpin, while disguised as a doctor, is accosted by a highwayman who claims to be Dick Turpin himself; the real Dick Turpin humorously, as it turns out, says "I thought you were dead." He outwits the fake and reveals himself to be the real Turpin. The fake turns out to be Nick Smith, trying to get the money to pay Spiker. Dick lends him and Mary, an old acquaintance of Dick's, the money. However, a mix-up occurs when Turpin steals the money back from Sir John and Nick has to be saved from Glutton's Dungeon by Dick; this makes Nick an outlaw and Turpin takes him under his wing, giving him the name "Swiftnick".
There were two series, both of 13 episodes, made by Gatetarn, Seacastle productions for LWT and a feature-length episode made in-association with RKO pictures in the US called Dick Turpin's Greatest Adventure, shown in US cinemas. In the UK, Series one was screened as thirteen episodes in 1979, the first seven episodes of series two were shown in 1980, the remaining six episodes were shown in 1982 after a five-part version of Dick Turpin's Greatest Adventure was shown in 1981, making four series on transmission; the series was screened on Fernsehen der DDR 1 with repeats of both series in 1983. French channel Antenne 2 screened all 26 episodes in the youth programme Recre A2 under the title Dick le Rebelle in a late afternoon slot between 11 December 1981 and 11 June 1982 and repeating series one from 15 June 1983 to 21 September 1983 and series two between 18 September 1985 and 11 December 1985; the Austrian channel ORF1 screened the series in 1982 and 1983, the West German channel RTL Plus screened the series in 1985 and between 1987 and 1988.
In May 1987, the new French channel Canal+ screened'new episodes' the five-part version of Dick Turpin's Greatest Adventure on their encrypted service. Germany's WEST 3 screened the series between 1990 and 1991 and Tele 5 in 1992; the last German repeats were by ARD in October 1993 and DFI western movies in 1998. The series has been repeated back on UK Channel Plus in 2012, radio broadcasts of the episodes The Fox and Sentenced to Death were shown on digital channel Radio Gold, more episodes were promised but never materialized in its initial run. In July 2016 two further episodes appeared on the Radio station without any scheduled series, the station confirmed that the show would be used to fill gaps rather than a scheduled series. Richard O'Sullivan — Dick Turpin Michael Deeks — Swiftnick Christopher Benjamin — Sir John Glutton David Daker — Captain Nathan Spikerwith: Alfie Bass — Isaac Rag Joan Rhodes — Big Nell Keith James — Davy Annabelle Lee — Poll Maggot Jo Rowbottom — Mary SmithDick Turpin's Greatest Adventure.
Network in association with Soulmedia have released the series on DVD for the Dutch/Netherlands market in English with subtitles in Danish and Norwegian. Dick Turpin Series 1 was released on DVD in France on 26 January 2009 under the title Dick Le Rebelle, by RV Films, it has both French and English soundtracks, original series presentation, a history of the series on French TV and clips from Recre A2 the youth programme the series formed part of when broadcast in France. Series 2 was released on 26 April 2010, this features a censored version of'The Hanging' as screened in France and the uncut version. Koch Media have released series 1 on DVD, a Remastered collectors edition titled:'D
Rosie Miller is a fictional character from the BBC soap opera EastEnders, played by Gerry Cowper. Her first appearance was 9 September 2004 and she was axed in 2006, with her final scenes airing July 2006. Rosie is the mother of Dawn Swann, Demi Miller and Darren Miller. Described as "hardworking", she is protective over her family and makes enemies such as Pauline Fowler. Rosie's mother committed suicide when she was young, leaving her with her brother and other siblings. Rosie was married to Mike Swann, they had two children and Dawn. While they were still young, Mike left Rosie and wasn't seen for many years. Rosie met Keith Miller, who took on her children as his own before having twins and Demi, he is work-shy. He tends to sit around watching television all day, making excuses to Rosie as to why he does not go and find employment. From her first appearance in 2004, Rosie is seen working hard to support her family, she has a number of cleaning jobs, takes care of her granddaughter, while Demi and Darren go to school.
In December 2005, Rosie's ex-husband, Mike, is homeless and stays with the Millers'. Rosie and Mike have an affair, she plans to leave Keith for Mike, taking Darren and Aleesha with them. Mickey and Dawn find out about this, Mickey tries to convince her not to leave, she decides she cannot take the twins away from their father, chooses to stay with Keith. Rosie does not mention she had planned to leave. Keith forgives her. Keith leaves Rosie. Keith soon moves back in when he proposes to Rosie, but he does not want to get married and so he keeps putting off the wedding. Rosie, does not want to wait and the ceremony takes place on 4 July 2006 at Walford Register Office. Keith arrives late and with mud on his suit. Annoyed, Rosie jilts Keith during the ceremony and told him the next day that she no longer loves him and plans to take a job in the Cotswolds, she wants to take Darren and Aleesha. They plan to leave the Square the next day but Darren does not want to go. Rosie convinces Keith to make sure Darren goes with them so Keith tells Darren he does not care about him.
Upset, Darren prepares to leave with his mother and niece. However Rosie can see how upset he is, decides to tell him that Keith made it all up, allowing Darren to stay in Walford after all. In July 2008, Rosie sends a letter to Keith about a job. Keith and Mickey move to the Cotswolds to join her and Aleesha, it is revealed that Rosie and Keith have reconciled. In August 2004, it was announced. Louise Berridge, the executive producer, commented: "I'm delighted to introduce the Miller family, who will be joining Mickey on Albert Square in September, but I warn you - this lot are trouble", she added: "Even the dog is dodgy. They're set to cause havoc all over the Square, by the end of their first week the sparks will be flying - literally", it was announced in February 2006 that Cowper and co-star Shana Swash had been axed from EastEnders by John Yorke. "Gerry and Shana have been enormous assets and go with our best wishes," said a spokesman, adding that there is a "massive" storyline had been planned for their exit.
Rosie Miller at BBC Online
James George Hacker, Baron Hacker of Islington, KG, PC, BSc, Hon. DCL is a fictional character in the 1980s British sitcom Yes Minister and its sequel, Prime Minister, he is the Minister of the Department of Administrative Affairs, the Prime Minister. He was portrayed by Paul Eddington in the original show. Hacker was an academic political researcher, polytechnic lecturer, editor of a newspaper and entered Parliament circa 1961, he continued with at least some of these jobs while holding the office of Member of Parliament for Birmingham East. For the first twenty years of his political career, Hacker was a member of the Opposition, he served as Shadow Minister of Agriculture from 1974 on. In 1980, he served as the head of the unsuccessful party leadership campaign of Martin Walker. Hacker was nervous that Attwell would pass him over for a Cabinet post as an act of revenge for running Walker's campaign against him, but Attwell appointed Hacker to the cabinet as minister for the Department of Administrative Affairs.
At least one news commentator of the time speculated that the appointment was an act of revenge, as the DAA had a reputation as "a political graveyard" that could end Hacker's career. In Yes Minister, Hacker is joined by the ministry's Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, who as a senior civil servant tries to control the ministry and the minister himself, by his Principal Private Secretary, Bernard Woolley. Hacker received his degree, a third, from the London School of Economics, is derided for this by the Oxford-educated Sir Humphrey, he and his wife, have one daughter, Lucy, a sociology student at the University of Sussex who plays a major role in the first series episode "The Right to Know". Hacker gains an honorary doctorate from Baillie College, Oxford, in the second series episode "Doing the Honours". During the Christmas special episode, "Party Games", he is Party Chair, which gives him the opportunity — with the help of Sir Humphrey and other civil servants acting in their own interests — to become Prime Minister in an episode broadcast in 1985.
Yes, Prime Minister follows on from this, with Hacker and Sir Humphrey raised to the highest levels in British government: Prime Minister and Cabinet Secretary respectively. Bernard remains Hacker's principal private secretary throughout. An obituary for Hacker, written by his creators, Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn, appears in Politico's Book of the Dead; the entry gives Hacker the same dates of birth and death as Paul Eddington, the actor who portrayed him. Although the series itself ends with Hacker still Prime Minister, this obituary mentions his career as a member of the House of Lords. After his death, a college is named after him. Jim Hacker first appears in Yes Minister having been re-elected as Member of Parliament for Birmingham East, soundly defeating his opponents, his early character is that of a gung-ho, albeit naive, ready to bring sweeping change into his department, unaware that Sir Humphrey and the civil service are out to stop any semblance of change, despite their insistence that they are his allies.
Hacker is noted as having challenged Humphrey while he was a member of the Opposition by asking difficult questions when Sir Humphrey was testifying to a Parliamentary committee: Sir Humphrey stated that Hacker had asked "...all the questions I hoped nobody would ask," showing his new Minister to be at least a reasonably capable politician. Before long, Hacker begins to notice that the Civil Service has been preventing any of his changes from being put into practice. Bernard is sympathetic to Hacker's plight and tries to enlighten his Minister as to the tricks and techniques employed by government staff, but his ability to help is limited by his own loyalties in the Civil Service. Hacker soon becomes more sly and cynical, using some of these ploys himself. While Sir Humphrey nearly always gets the upper hand, Hacker now and again plays a trump card, on fewer occasions, the two of them work towards a common goal. Hacker learns that his efforts to change the government or Britain are all for naught, as he discovers in the episode "The Whisky Priest", when he attempts to stop the export of British-made munitions to Italian terrorists.
Throughout Yes Minister, there are many occasions when Hacker is portrayed as a publicity-mad bungler, incapable of making a firm decision, prone to blunders that embarrass him or his party, eliciting bad press and stern lectures from the party apparatus the Chief Whip. He is continually concerned with what the newspapers of the day will have to say about him, is always hoping to be promoted by the Prime Minister, he is afraid of either staying at his current level of Cabinet seniority, or being demoted. Just prior to the start of Yes, Prime Minister, Hacker shows a zeal for making speeches and presents himself as a viable party leader after the Prime Minister announces his resignation in the episode "Party Games", he is given embarrassing information about the two front-runne
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Prunella Margaret Scales, is an English actress best known for her role as Basil Fawlty's wife Sybil in the BBC comedy Fawlty Towers and her BAFTA award-nominated role as Queen Elizabeth II in A Question of Attribution by Alan Bennett. Scales was born in Sutton Abinger, the daughter of Catherine, an actress, John Richardson Illingworth, a cotton salesman, she attended Eastbourne. Her younger brother, Timothy Illingworth lived 1934 - 2017. Scales' parents moved their family to Bucks Mill near Bideford in Devon in 1939 at the start of the Second World War. Scales herself were evacuated to Near Sawrey. Scales started her career in 1951 as an assistant stage manager at the Bristol Old Vic. Throughout her career, Scales has been cast in comic roles, her early work included the second UK adaptation of Pride and Prejudice, Hobson's Choice, Room at the Top and Waltz of the Toreadors. Her career break came with the early 1960s sitcom Marriage Lines starring opposite Richard Briers. In addition to Fawlty Towers, she has had roles in BBC Radio 4 sitcoms, comedy series including After Henry, Smelling of Roses and Ladies of Letters.
She played Queen Elizabeth II in Alan Bennett's A Question of Attribution. In 1973, Scales was cast with Ronnie Barker in One Man's Meat which formed part of Barker's Seven of One series for the BBC, her film appearances include Escape from the Dark, The Hound of the Baskervilles, The Boys From Brazil, The Wicked Lady, The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne, Stiff Upper Lips, Howards End and Wolf. For the BBC Television Shakespeare production of The Merry Wives of Windsor she played Mistress Page and the Theatre Night series she appeared with her husband Timothy West in the Joe Orton farce What the Butler Saw playing Mrs Prentice. For ten years, Prunella appeared with Jane Horrocks in advertisements for UK supermarket chain Tesco. In 1996, Scales starred in the television film, Lord of Misrule, alongside Richard Wilson, Emily Mortimer and Stephen Moyer; the film was directed by Guy Jenkins and filming took place in Fowey in Cornwall. In 1996, she appeared as miss Bates in Jane Austen’s Emma. In 1997, Scales starred in Chris Barfoot's science-fiction film short Phoenix, first aired in 1999 by NBC Universal's Sci Fi Channel.
Scales played'The Client', an evil government minister funding inter-genetic time travel experiments. The same year she played Dr. Minny Stinkler in the comedy film Mad Cows, directed by Sara Sugarman. In 1993 Scales voiced Mrs Tiggy-Winkle in The World of Peter Rabbit and Friends. In 2000 she appeared in the film The Ghost of Greville Lodge as Sarah; the same year she appeared as Eleanor Dunsall in Midsomer Murders Beyond the Grave. In 2001 she appeared in 2 episodes of Silent Witness, “Faith” as Mrs Parker. In 2003, she appeared as Hilda, "she who must be obeyed", wife of Horace Rumpole in four BBC Radio 4 plays, with Timothy West playing her fictional husband. Scales and West toured Australia at the same time in different productions. Scales appeared in a one-woman show called "An Evening with Queen Victoria", which featured the tenor Ian Partridge singing songs written by Prince Albert. In 2003, she voiced the speaking role of Magpie, the eponymous thief in a recording of Gioachino Rossini's opera La gazza ladra.
In 2006, she appeared alongside Academy Award winners Vanessa Redgrave and Maximilian Schell in the mini-series The Shell Seekers. On 16 November 2007, Scales appeared in Children in Need, reprising her role as Sybil Fawlty, the new manager who wants to take over Hotel Babylon, she appeared in the audio play The Youth of Old Age, produced in 2008 by the Wireless Theatre Company, available to download free of charge on their website. She appeared in a production of Carrie's War, the Nina Bawden novel, at the Apollo Theatre in 2009. In 2008, she appeared in Agatha Christie's, A Pocket Full of Rye, as Mrs. Mackenzie. John Cleese said in an interview on 8 May 2009 that the role of Sybil Fawlty was offered to Bridget Turner, who turned down the part, claiming "it wasn't right for her", she starred in the 2011 British live-action 3D family comedy film Horrid Henry: The Movie as the titular character's Great Aunt Greta. Prunella Scales appeared in a short audio story, Dandruff Hits the Turtleneck, written by John Mayfield, available for download.
She starred in a Virgin Short "Stranger Danger" alongside Roderick Cowie in 2012. In 2013 she made a guest appearance in the popular BBC radio comedy Cabin Pressure as Wendy Crieff, the mother of Captain Martin Crieff. Alongside husband Timothy West, she has appeared in Great Canal Journeys for Channel 4 every year since 2014. Stuart Heritage, writing for The Guardian in November 2016, commented that it "is a work about a devoted couple facing something huge together. It’s a beautiful, meditative programme". "An emotional but unrooted glimpse of life with dementia" was Christopher Howse's characterization in October 2018, writing for The Telegraph. Scales is married to the actor Timothy West, their younger son Joseph participated in two episodes of Great Canal Journeys filmed in France. She has a step daughter, Juliet, by West's first marriage, her biography, written by Teresa Ransom, was published by UK publishing imprint John Murray in 2005. She was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1992
Yes Minister is a political satire British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn. Split over three seven-episode series, it was first transmitted on BBC2 from 1980 to 1984. A sequel, Prime Minister, lasted 17 episodes and ran from 1986 to 1988. All but one of the episodes lasted half an hour, all ended with a variation of the title of the series spoken as the answer to a question posed by Minister Jim Hacker. Several episodes were adapted for BBC Radio. Set principally in the private office of a British Cabinet minister in the fictional Department of Administrative Affairs in Whitehall, Yes Minister follows the ministerial career of Jim Hacker, played by Paul Eddington, his various struggles to formulate and enact policy or effect departmental changes are opposed by the British Civil Service, in particular his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, played by Sir Nigel Hawthorne. His Principal Private Secretary Bernard Woolley, played by Derek Fowlds, is caught between the two; the sequel, Prime Minister, continued with the same cast and followed Jim Hacker after his unexpected elevation to Number 10 upon the resignation of the previous Prime Minister.
The series in 2004 was voted sixth in the Britain's Best Sitcom poll. It was the favourite television programme of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher; the series opens in the wake of a general election in which the incumbent government has been defeated by the opposition party, to which Jim Hacker MP belongs. His party affiliation is never stated, his party emblem is neither Conservative nor Labour; the Prime Minister offers Hacker the position of Minister of Administrative Affairs, which he accepts. Hacker goes to his department and meets his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, his Principal Private Secretary, Bernard Woolley. While Appleby is outwardly deferential towards the new minister, he is prepared to defend the status quo at all costs. Woolley is sympathetic towards Hacker but as Appleby reminds him, Woolley's civil service superiors, including Appleby, will have much to say about the course of his future career, while ministers do not stay long in one department and have no say in civil service staffing recommendations.
Many of the episodes revolve around proposals backed by Hacker but frustrated by Appleby, who uses a range of clever stratagems to defeat ministerial proposals while seeming to support them. Other episodes revolve around proposals promoted by Appleby but rejected by Hacker, which Appleby attempts by all means necessary to persuade Hacker to accept, they do join forces in order to achieve a common goal, such as preventing the closure of their department or dealing with a diplomatic incident. As the series revolves around the inner workings of central government, most of the scenes take place in private locations, such as offices and exclusive members' clubs. Lynn said that "there was not a single scene set in the House of Commons because government does not take place in the House of Commons; some politics and much theatre takes place there. Government happens in private; as in all public performances, the real work is done behind closed doors. The public and the House are shown what the government wishes them to see."
However, the episode "The Compassionate Society" does feature an audio recording of Yesterday in Parliament in which Hacker speaks in the House of Commons, other episodes include scenes in the Foreign Secretary's House of Commons office and a Committee room. At the time of the making of the series, television cameras were not allowed in the House of Commons and had only been introduced into the House of Lords, so it was not unusual to a British audience to have no scenes from there; the Right Honourable Jim Hacker MP elevated to the House of Lords as Lord Hacker of Islington, was the editor of a newspaper called Reform before going into politics. He spent a good deal of time in Parliament on the Opposition benches before his party won a general election. In Yes Minister, he is the Minister for Administrative Affairs and a cabinet minister, in Yes, Prime Minister he becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Hacker received his degree from the London School of Economics, for which he is derided by the Oxford-educated Sir Humphrey.
His early character is that of a gung-ho, but naïve, bringing sweeping changes to his department. Before long, Hacker begins to notice that Civil Service tactics are preventing his planned changes being put into practice; as he learns, he becomes more cynical, using some of the Civil Service ruses himself. While Sir Humphrey held all the aces, Hacker now and again plays a trump card of his own. Throughout Yes Minister, Hacker, at his worst, is portrayed as a publicity-seeking bungler, incapable of making a firm decision, he is prone to embarrassing blunders, is a frequent target of criticism from the press and stern lectures from the Chief Whip. However, he is shown to be politically savvy, he becomes more aware of Sir Humphrey's real agenda. In Yes, Prime Minister, Hacker becomes more statesmanlike, he dreams up his "Grand Design" and hones his diplomatic skills. Nearly all of these efforts land him in trouble. In a Radio Times interview to promote Yes, Prime Minister, Pa