Richard Dix was an American motion picture actor who achieved popularity in both silent and sound film. His standard on-screen image was that of the rugged and stalwart hero and he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his lead role in the Best Picture-winning epic, Cimarron. Dix was born Ernst Carlton Brimmer on July 18,1893, in St. Paul, there he was educated, and, at the desire of his father, studied to be a surgeon. His obvious acting talent in his school dramatic club led him to leading roles in most of the school plays, at 6 and 180 pounds, Dix excelled in sports, especially football and baseball. These skills would serve him well in the film roles he would go on to play. After a year at the University of Minnesota, he took a position at a bank and his professional start was with a local stock company, and this led to similar work in New York City. The death of his father left him with a mother and sister to support and he went to Los Angeles and became leading man for the Morosco Stock Company.
His success there got him a contract with Paramount Pictures and he changed his name to Dix. After his move to Hollywood, he began a career in Western movies, one of the few actors to successfully bridge the transition from silent films to talkies, Dixs best-remembered early role was in Cecil B. Demilles silent version of The Ten Commandments and he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1931 for his performance as Yancey Cravat in Cimarron, in which he was billed over Irene Dunne. Cimarron, based on the novel by Edna Ferber, took the Best Picture award. Dix starred in another RKO adventure, The Lost Squadron, a memorable role for Dix was in the 1935 British futuristic film The Tunnel. Dix starred in The Great Jasper and Blind Alibi in the late 1930s and his popular RKO Radio Pictures co-star in Blind Alibi was Ace the Wonder Dog. Dixs human co-stars were Whitney Bourne and Eduardo Ciannelli, the film was directed by Lew Landers, Dix starred as the homicidal Captain Stone in the Val Lewton production of The Ghost Ship, directed by Mark Robson.
In 1941, Dix played Wild Bill Hickok in Badlands of Dakota and portrayed Wyatt Earp the following year in Tombstone, in 1944, he starred in The Whistler, the first in a series of eight Whistler films made by Columbia Pictures. He starred in the six movies in the offbeat, crime-related series. Dix retired from acting after the seventh of these films, The Thirteenth Hour and he died two years later, after suffering a heart attack at age 56. According to the July 1934 Movies magazine, on his ranch near Hollywood and he had a collection of thousands of pipes, and a collection of 36 dogs and English setters
Hollywood (1923 film)
Hollywood is a 1923 American silent comedy film directed by James Cruze, co-written by Frank Condon and Thomas J. Geraghty, and released by Paramount Pictures. The film is a lengthier feature follow-up to Paramounts own short film exposé of itself, the film has become famous as having featured cameos of more than thirty famous Hollywood stars. However, the film is now considered a lost film, angela Whitaker is a young unknown who comes to Hollywood to become an actress, and brings her grandfather, Joel Whitaker. At the end of the first day, she has not found work, but her grandfather has
Secrets (1924 film)
Secrets is a 1924 silent film directed by Frank Borzage. The film is based upon a 1922 play of the same name, although the film was never released on video or DVD, copies still exist. 75-year-old Mary Carlton is depressed over her husband Johns illness and she feels her life has no use if he dies. She starts reading her diary, after which the film jumps to 1865 in the time she fell in love with John and she feels she has to hide her love for her strict mother, fearing she will disapprove because of their social class differences. Mary lives within the very wealthy Marlowe family and grows up to be a lady with manners, when her parents find out about the affair, they are outrageous. They forbid her from ever seeing John again, Mary tells them she only loves John and will never marry anybody if she cant see him anymore. Her father William locks her into her own room until she stops being a rebel, she receives a letter from John, who announces he has been fired over their love affair. Later that night, John sneaks into her room by the balcony, despite knowing her parents wont ever talk to her again, she decides to go with him.
Before they can leave, William comes in and he tells Mary he will send her to Scotland to live with her grandmother. After he leaves the room, Mary writes a farewell letter, by the time its 1870, she lives with John in a poor house. He works all day, while Mary is giving birth to a son, one day, a gang threatens to kill John. He wants to surrender so they wont kill Mary and the baby as well and he does as his wife tells him and eventually defeats the gang. In 1888, Mary celebrates her 39th birthday and is having contact with her family again and she finds out John is having a mistress, Estelle. Mary feels humiliated, but Estelle makes things worse when she confronts Mary with the fact she cant make her husband happy, Mary grants her husband a divorce, but he doesnt want to leave her. He admits he has had an affair with Estelle, but that it didnt mean anything and they reunite, although John announces he has lost all of his money. The film goes back to present, where Mary is told her husband has recovered from his illness
The Astor family achieved prominence in business and politics in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 19th and 20th centuries. With ancestral roots in the Italian Alps, the Astors settled in Germany, first appearing in North America during the century with John Jacob Astor. John Jacob Astor was the youngest of four born to butcher Johann Jacob Astor. John and his eldest brother George, known as George & John Astor, were flute makers, while working in England, he learned to speak English and anglicized his name. In 1783, John Jacob left for Baltimore and was active first as a dealer in woodwind instruments, in New York as a merchant in furs, after moving to New York, John met and married Sarah Cox Todd. Sarah was the daughter of Scottish immigrants Adam Todd and Sarah Cox and she worked along side her husband as a consultant, and was accused of witchcraft after her success with the company in 1817. The accusations never led to legal action and he financed the overland Astor Expedition in 1810–1812 to reach the outpost, which was in the then-disputed Oregon Country.
Control of Fort Astoria played a key role in English and American territorial claims on the region and Georges brother Henry emigrated to America. He was a racing enthusiast, and purchased a thoroughbred named Messenger. The horse became the sire of all Standardbred horses in the United States today. The third brother Melchior remained in Germany, during the 19th century, the Astors became one of the wealthiest families in the United States. Toward the end of century, some of the family moved to England. During the 20th century, the number of American Astors began to decline, English descendants of the Astors hold two hereditary peerages and Baron. While many of Astor members had joined to the Episcopal Church, for many years, the members of the Astor family were known as the landlords of New York. Their New York City namesakes are the famous Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, an Astor Row, Astor Court, Astor Place, and Astor Avenue in the Bronx, the neighborhood of Astoria, Queens, is named after the family as well.
Beyond New York City, the Astor family name is imprinted in a deal of United States history. There are towns of Astor in the states of Florida, Iowa, there is a neighborhood called Astor Park just south of downtown Green Bay, Wisconsin. At the heart of neighborhood is a park, the Astor family donated this land for the building of a trade school
Flora Finch was an English-born film actress who starred in over 300 silent films, including over 200 for the Vitagraph Studios film company. Finch was born into a hall and travelling theatrical family in London and was taken to the United States as a young child. She kept up the tradition and worked in theatre and the vaudeville circuit right up until her 30s. She had her first film roles at the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company starting in 1908, there she worked with Fatty Arbuckle, Mack Sennett and Charlie Chaplin amongst others. Starting in 1910 at Vitagraph, she was paired with John Bunny for the first of 160 very popular shorts made between 1910 and 1915 and these shorts, known as Bunnygraphs and Bunnyfinchgraphs, established Finch and Bunny as the first popular comedy team in films. The duo became a trio, when Mabel Normand arrived at the studio. After Bunnys death in 1915 she continued to make comedy shorts and she started her own production company, Flora Finch Productions, but was never able to regain her popularity.
One of her roles in the silent years was Aunt Susan in Paul Lenis The Cat. She found film work in the era, but only in small supporting parts. The Scarlet Letter gave her one of her more substantial roles in sound films and her last film was The Women. Most of her films are now lost, Flora Finch died at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Los Angeles from blood poisoning. She was taken to the hospital after a streptococcus infection followed an accidental cut to her arm, the infection spread beyond control and the actress lapsed into a coma from bronchial pneumonia. Finch was married to Harold March, apparently they had no children, Flora Finch at the Internet Movie Database Flora Finch at Women Film Pioneers Project Literature on Flora Finch Biography at nytimes. com Flora Finch at Find a Grave
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance is a 1962 American Western film directed by John Ford starring James Stewart and John Wayne. The black-and-white film was released by Paramount Pictures, the screenplay by James Warner Bellah and Willis Goldbeck was adapted from a short story written by Dorothy M. Johnson. The supporting cast features Vera Miles, Lee Marvin, Edmond OBrien, Andy Devine, John Carradine, Woody Strode, Strother Martin, and Lee Van Cleef. In 2007, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant. Senator Ranse Stoddard and his wife Hallie arrive in Shinbone, a town in an unnamed western state. As they pay their respects, reporters ask Stoddard why a United States Senator would make the journey from Washington to attend the funeral of a local rancher. The story flashes back 25 years, Stoddard is a young and his stagecoach is robbed by Liberty Valance and his gang.
When Stoddard takes Valance to task, he is brutally whipped, in Shinbone and other townspeople tend to his injuries, and explain that Valance victimizes Shinbone residents with impunity. Marshal Link Appleyard lacks the courage and gunfighting skills to challenge him, Doniphon is the only man willing to stand up to him. Stoddard opens a law practice in Shinbone, inviting retribution from Valance, Doniphon explains, is the only thing Valance understands, but Stoddard advocates justice under the law, not brute force. He earns the towns respect by refusing to knuckle under to Valance, when Doniphon notices that Stoddard is trying to teach himself to use a revolver, he offers a lesson. During target practice he shoots a hole in a paint can, splattering paint on Stoddards suit, Stoddard punches him in the jaw and leaves. Shinbones residents meet to elect two delegates for a convention at the territorial capital. Doniphon nominates Stoddard, because he knows the law, and throws a mean punch, Stoddard explains that statehood will improve infrastructure and education.
The cattle barons oppose statehood, and hire Valance to sabotage the effort, the townspeople elect Stoddard and Dutton Peabody, publisher of the local newspaper, Valance challenges Stoddard to a gunfight. Doniphon advises Stoddard to leave town, but Stoddard believes in the rule of law and that evening, Stoddard goes into the street to face Valance. Valance toys with Stoddard, shooting his arm, the next bullet, he says, will be right between the eyes, but Stoddard fires first, and to everyones shock, Valance falls dead. Doniphon watches Hallie care for Stoddards wounds, heads for the saloon, at his homestead, in a drunken rage, he sets fire to the addition that he has just finished in anticipation of asking Hallie to marry him
Gloria May Josephine Swanson was an American actress and producer best known for her role as Norma Desmond, a reclusive silent film star, in the critically acclaimed 1950 film Sunset Boulevard. Swanson was a star in the silent film era as both an actress and an icon, especially under the direction of Cecil B. She starred in dozens of silent films and was nominated for the first Academy Award in the Best Actress category and she produced her own films, including Sadie Thompson and The Love of Sunya. In 1929, Swanson transitioned to talkies with The Trespasser, personal problems and changing tastes saw her popularity wane during the 1930s when she moved into theater, and television. Gloria May Josephine Swanson was born in a house in Chicago in 1899 to Adelaide and Joseph Theodore Swanson. Her father was from a strict Lutheran Swedish American family, and her mother was of German and Polish ancestry. Because of her fathers attachment to the U. S. Army, the family moved frequently and Swanson ended up spending most of her childhood in Puerto Rico and she spent time in Key West, Florida.
After a few months as a working with others like Charlie Chaplin. Her parents would soon separate and she and her mother moved to California, Swanson made her film debut in 1914 as an extra in The Song of Soul for Essanay. She reportedly asked to be in the movie just for fun, Essanay hired her to feature in several movies, including His New Job, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin. Swanson auditioned for the female role in Swanson moved to California in 1916 to appear in Mack Sennetts Keystone comedies opposite Bobby Vernon. With their great chemistry, the pair became popular. Director Charley Chase recalled that she was frightened to death of Vernons dangerous stunts, conquering her fears, she often cooperated with Vernon. Surviving films in which appear together include The Danger Girl, The Sultans Wife. In 1919 she signed with Paramount Pictures and worked often with Cecil B. DeMille, who turned her into a lead in such films as Dont Change Your Husband and Female with the famous scene posing as the Lions Bride with a real lion.
Something to Think About, and The Affairs of Anatol, in the space of two years, Swanson rocketed to stardom and was one of the most sought-after actresses in Hollywood. She appeared in a series of films directed by Sam Wood and she starred in Beyond the Rocks with her longtime friend Rudolph Valentino
Beyond the Rocks (film)
Beyond the Rocks is a 1922 American silent romantic drama film directed by Sam Wood, starring Rudolph Valentino and Gloria Swanson. It is based on the 1906 novel of the name by Elinor Glyn. Beyond the Rocks was long considered lost but a print of the film was discovered in the Netherlands in 2003. The film was restored and released on DVD by Milestone Film & Video in 2006, captain Fitzgerald, a retired guardsman on a modest pension, has to support three daughters and her older half-sisters. Theodoras sisters pin their hopes on her marrying a wealthy man, one day, Theodora goes out on a rowboat off the coast of Dorset and falls into the water. She is rescued by Lord Hector Bracondale and he is young and wealthy, but not the marrying kind. Out of a sense of duty to her father, she reluctantly agrees to wed the middle-aged, stout Josiah Brown. By coincidence, Bracondale stops at the same inn, rich American widow Jane McBride persuades the young bride to accompany her on a climbing excursion. Theodora slips and dangles precariously by her safety line over a cliff, Bracondale appears and climbs down to her, but they are too heavy for the others to pull up.
Bracondale has them lower him and Theodora to a ledge below, while they wait for more help to arrive, Theodora tells Bracondale where they last met. They meet a third time in Paris, and finally acknowledge their love for each other, Theodora refuses to run away with Bracondale. Bracondale strives to do the right thing and he asks his sister, Lady Anningford, to befriend Theodora. Lady Anningford invites the Browns to her country estate and he tries once again to persuade Theodora to change her mind, without success. Meanwhile, Josiah is persuaded by another guest, renowned explorer Sir Lionel Grey, Bracondale leaves, and Josiah is called away on business. Theodora writes a letter to each, to Bracondale, she declares her love, morella Winmarleigh, who desires Bracondale for herself, secretly opens the letters and, after perusing them, switches them. After Bracondale reads the message meant for Josiah, he rushes to stop Josiah from reading his, Josiah accuses Bracondale of stealing his wife, but the nobleman denies that Theodora has been unfaithful.
After further consideration, Josiah decides to put his wifes happiness ahead of his own and his death makes it possible for the young lovers to be together. While the book takes place at dinner parties and balls
The Strong Man
The Strong Man is a 1926 American comedy silent film starring Harry Langdon and directed by Frank Capra in his feature-length directorial debut. Along with Tramp, Tramp, The Strong Man is Langdons best known film, Capra would direct Langdons next feature, Long Pants, which would be their final collaboration. Paul Bergot is a Belgian immigrant to the United States who has fallen in love with Mary Brown and they met as pen-pals when he was fighting in Europe during World War I. Mary even sent Paul a photo of her, Paul searches for Mary Brown by asking every woman he meets if she is Mary Brown. By accident he rescues her town from crooks and bootleggers, Harry Langdon as Paul Bergot Priscilla Bonner as Mary Brown Gertrude Astor as Lily of Broadway William V. Harry Langdon has a comic method distinct from other film fun makers. The quality of pathos enters into it more fully than the style of any other comedian with the exception of Chaplin. His gift of legitimate comedy here has a splendid vehicle, of the three features Kino has released, The Strong Man is the best.
Crisply timed and almost perfectly paced, it is notable as Frank Capras directorial debut. Critic Richard von Busack wrote, A little tragedy and a lot of laughs can be seen in 1926s The Strong Man. Later, on the bus out west, Langdon demonstrates a sterling silent comedy bit. With exquisite deadpan, Langdon keeps the incident from being too sad, he deftly, director Frank Capras energy and sturdy plot sense counterpoint Langdons wonderful strangeness. Langdon was hailed as the fourth comedy genius, in 2007, The Strong Man was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant
Colleen Moore was an American film actress who began her career during the silent film era. Moore became one of the most fashionable stars of the era, a huge star in her day, approximately half of Moores films are now considered lost, including her first talking picture from 1929. As well, what was perhaps her most celebrated film during her lifetime, Flaming Youth, is now mostly lost, Moore took a brief hiatus from acting between 1929 and 1933, just as sound was being added to motion pictures. After the hiatus, her four sound pictures released in 1933 and 1934 were not financial successes, Moore retired permanently from screen acting. After her film career, Moore maintained her wealth through astute investments and she wrote a how-to book about investing in the stock market. The dollhouse is estimated to have a current worth of 7 million dollars, born Kathleen Morrison on August 19,1899 in Port Huron, Moore was the eldest child of Charles R. and Agnes Kelly Morrison. The family remained in Port Huron during the years of Moores life, at first living with her grandmother Mary Kelly.
By 1905 the family moved to Hillsdale, Michigan where they remained for two years. They relocated to Atlanta, Georgia by 1908 and they are listed at three different addresses during their stay in Atlanta,301 Capitol Avenue −1908,41 Linden Avenue –1909,240 N. Jackson Street –1910. They lived briefly — probably less than a year — in Warren, Pennsylvania, at age 15 she was taking her first step in Hollywood. Her uncle arranged a screen test with director D. W. Griffith and she wanted to be a second Lillian Gish but instead she found herself playing heroines in Westerns with stars such as Tom Mix. Two of Moores great passions were dolls and movies, each would play a role in her life. She and her brother began their own company, reputedly performing on a stage created from a piano packing crate. Her aunts, who doted on her, indulged her other passion and often bought her miniature furniture on their many trips. Moores family summered in Chicago, where Moore enjoyed baseball and the company of her Aunt Lib, Essanay Studios was within walking distance of the Northwestern L, which ran right past the Howey residence.
In interviews in her silent film career, Moore claimed she had appeared in the background of several Essanay films, usually as a face in a crowd. Film producer D. W. Griffith was in debt to Howey, I was being sent to Hollywood - not because anybody out there thought I was any good, but simply to pay off a favor. The contract to Griffiths Triangle-Fine Arts was conditional on passing a film test to ensure that her heterochromia would not be a distraction in close-up shots and her eyes passed the test, so she left for Hollywood with her grandmother and her mother as chaperones