Santee is an American Color Western film, starring Glenn Ford and directed by Gary Nelson. It was released in 1973, it was one of the first motion pictures to be shot electronically on videotape, using Norelco PCP-70 portable plumbicon NTSC cameras and portable Ampex VR-3000 2" VTRs, before being transferred to film at Consolidated Film Industries in Hollywood. Jody Deakes joins up with his father after many years, just to discover that his dad is part of an outlaw gang on the run from a relentless bounty hunter named Santee. Jody is orphaned soon after Santee catches up to the gang, follows Santee in hopes of taking vengeance for his father's death. Instead, Jody discovers that Santee is a good and loving man, tormented by the death of his young son at the hands of another outlaw gang. Santee and his wife take Jody in and a father and son relationship begins to grow; the gang that shot Santee's son shows up. The film was produced by Edward Platt of Get Smart fame. Glenn Ford as Santee Michael Burns as Jody Dana Wynter as Valerie Jay Silverheels as John Crow Harry Townes as Sheriff Carter John Larch as Banner Robert J. Wilke as Deaks Robert Donner as J.
C. Taylor Lacher as Lance John Bailey as Homesteader X Brands as Hook Caruth C. Byrd as Piano Player Chuck Courtney as Grayson Lindsay Crosby as Horn William Ford as Postmaster John Hart as Cobbles Russ McCubbin as Rafe Robert Mellard as Jonesy Brad Merhage as Santee's Son Boyd "Red" Morgan as Stagecoach Driver Ben Zeller as Freddie List of American films of 1973 John Willis Screen World 1974 Escrito por John Willis Santee on IMDb
Katherine Elaine Hendrix is an American actress, producer, singer and activist. She is best known for her roles in the 1998 remake of The Parent Trap, Inspector Gadget 2, the 2004 documentary What the Bleep Do We Know!? Hendrix was born in Oak Ridge, the daughter of Mary Elaine DePersio, of Italian and Danish descent, Thomas Hendrix, Jr. a relative of John Hendrix. Her father was away from home and serving in Vietnam at the time of her birth. A week after being born, with her mother considering the name Jennifer, Hendrix was instead named Katherine Elaine Hendrix. Most of her relatives called her by her middle name, the practice stuck, but it forced Hendrix many times to explain the middle name, she has a brother, David Maher, a sister, Stephanie Smith. Hendrix was raised in Tennessee; when Hendrix was 15, she and her mother moved to Atlanta, where she attended the Northside School of Performing Arts. Hendrix resides in Los Angeles, she is involved with humanitarian efforts. In her senior year of high school Hendrix won a model search and became a professional dancer with the Gary Harrison Dance Co.
She soon split her time as a professional model and dancer for such companies as Nike, Levi's, Sun Microsystems, for a number of hip-hop artists including Whodini, Keith Sweat, MC Hammer. In 1992, she moved to Los Angeles, California and, shortly after, was hit by a car while riding her bike, ending her early career as a model and dancer. After recuperating from her accident, Hendrix was cast in the short-lived 1995 Get Smart series, she has appeared on the television series Joan of Arcadia, Ellen, Charmed and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and had a recurring role in Married... with Children, User Friendly and Lez Be Friends. Films in which she appeared include Romy and Michele's High School Reunion, the remake of The Parent Trap, Inspector Gadget 2, What the Bleep Do We Know!?. In 2006, she appeared in an episode of Ghost Whisperer and the movie Coffee Date. In 2008 Hendrix appeared in two episodes of the now cancelled ABC Family show The Middleman as Roxy Wasserman, a succubus who works as a fashion designer.
She was seen in "Criminal Minds" in season four, episode 11 where she played a woman called Judy Hannity in a car accident caused by a man shooting her, but she survived. In 2009 Hendrix made an appearance in the film Rock Slyde. In 2010 Hendrix played. Hendrix has appeared as Renee on 90210 in Season 3 in "They're Playing Her Song" and "Holiday Madness". In 2014, she appeared alongside Charlie Sheen for a three-episode story arc as Warden Hartley in the FX sitcom Anger Management, she can be seen in the web-series Fetching, a nod to her love of animals. She co-starred as Ava in the FX comedy series Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll with Denis Leary, Elizabeth Gillies, John Corbett, Bobby Kelly and John Ales. On September 13, 2018, it was announced that Hendrix would appear as the recurring character Susan Andrews in the Fox Series Proven Innocent; as an avid animal rights activist, Hendrix has been advocating for animals since 2006. When she's not filming, she travels throughout North America and works with organizations around the globe to educate, speak, build habitats and rescue.
In 2012 she founded The Pet Matchmaker, an organization dedicated to celebrating and inspiring the rescue and adoption of homeless pets everywhere. She serves on the board of Stray Rescue of St. Louis as well as the US chapter of No to Dog Meat. Official website Elaine Hendrix on IMDb
Get Smart is an American comedy television series that satirizes the secret agent genre, popular in the United States in the late 1960s. The program was created by Mel Brooks and Buck Henry, had its television premiere on NBC on September 18, 1965; the show stars Don Adams as agent Maxwell "Max" Smart, a.k.a. Agent 86, Barbara Feldon as Agent 99, Edward Platt as Thaddeus, the Chief. Henry said that they created the show at the request of Daniel Melnick to capitalize on "the two biggest things in the entertainment world today": James Bond and Inspector Clouseau. Brooks said: "It's an insane combination of James Bond and Mel Brooks comedy."The show generated a number of popular catchphrases during its run, including "Would you believe...", "Good thinking, 99", "Missed it by that much!", "Sorry about that, Chief", "The old trick", "And loving it", "I asked you not to tell me that". The show was followed by the films The Nude Bomb and Get Smart, Again!, as well as a 1995 revival series, a 2008 film remake.
In 2010, TV Guide ranked Get Smart's opening title sequence at No. 2 on its list of TV's Top 10 Credits Sequences as selected by readers. After switching networks in 1969, to CBS, the show ended its five-season run on May 15, 1970, with a production roster at both networks of 138 episodes; the Museum of Broadcast Communications finds the show notable for "broadening the parameters for the presentation of comedy on television." The series centers on bumbling secret agent Maxwell "Max" Smart known as Agent 86, his more sensible female partner, Agent 99. Agents 86 and 99 work for CONTROL, a secret U. S. government counter-intelligence agency based in Washington, D. C; the pair investigates and thwarts various threats to the world, though Smart's incompetent nature and demands to do things by-the-book invariably cause complications. However, Smart never fails to save the day. Looking on is the long-suffering head of CONTROL, addressed as "Chief"; the nemesis of CONTROL is KAOS, described as "an international organization of evil".
In the series, KAOS was formed in Bucharest, Romania, in 1904. Neither CONTROL nor KAOS is an acronym. Many guest actors appeared including William Schallert. Conrad Siegfried, played by Bernie Kopell, is Smart's KAOS archenemy. King Moody portrayed Siegfried's assistant; the enemies, world-takeover plots and gadgets seen in Get Smart were a parody of the James Bond movie franchise. "Do what they did except just stretch it half an inch", Mel Brooks said of the methods of this TV series. Max and 99 marry in season four, have twins in season five. Agent 99 became the first woman in an American hit sitcom to keep her job after marriage and motherhood. Talent Associates commissioned Mel Brooks and Buck Henry to write a script about a bungling James Bond–like hero. Brooks described the premise for the show which they created in an October 1965 Time magazine article: I was sick of looking at all those nice sensible situation comedies, they were such distortions of life. If a maid took over my house like Hazel, I'd set her hair on fire.
I wanted to do a unreal comic-strip kind of thing about something besides a family. No one had done a show about an idiot before. I decided to be the first. Brooks and Henry proposed the show to ABC, where network executives called it "un-American" and demanded a "lovable dog to give the show more heart", as well as scenes showing Maxwell Smart's mother. Brooks objected to the second suggestion: They wanted to put a print housecoat on the show. Max was to explain everything. I hate mothers on shows. Max has no mother, he never had one. The cast and crew contributed joke and gadget ideas Don Adams, but dialogue was ad-libbed. An exception is the third-season episode "The Little Black Book". Don Rickles encouraged Adams to misbehave, he ad-libbed; the result was so successful. The first four seasons were filmed at Sunset Bronson Studios, while the final season, shown on CBS, was filmed at CBS Studio Center. Brooks had little involvement with the series after the first season, but Henry served as story editor through 1967.
The crew of the show included: Leonard B. Stern – Executive producer for the entire run of the series Irving Szathmary – Music and theme composer and conductor for the entire run Don Adams – Director of 13 episodes and writer of 2 episodes David Davis – Associate producer Gary Nelson – Director of the most episodes Bruce Bilson – Director of the second most episodes Gerald C. Gardner and Dee Caruso – Head writers for the series Reza Badiyi – Occasional director Allan Burns and Chris Hayward – Frequent writers and producers Stan Burns and Mike Marmer – Frequent writers Richard Donner – Occasional director James Komack – Writer and director Arne Sultan – Frequent writer and producer Lloyd Turner and Whitey Mitchell – Frequent writers and producers of season five CONTROL is a spy agency founded at the beginning of the 20th century by Harold Harmon Hargrade, a career officer in the United States Navy's N-2 Branch. Hargrade served as the first Chief of CONTROL. "CONTROL" is not an acronym. Maxwell "Max" Smart, code number Agent 86 is the central character.
Despite being a top secret government agent, he is absurdly clumsy naive and has occasional lapses of attention. Due to his fr
John de Lancie
John de Lancie is an American actor, director, writer, singer and voice artist, best known for his role as Q in Star Trek: The Next Generation and the voice of Discord in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic. He has been featured in several recurring roles on television series, including Frank Simmons in Stargate SG-1 and Donald Margolis in Breaking Bad. De Lancie was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on November 13, 1948, one of two siblings born to John Sherwood de Lancie --, principal oboist of the Philadelphia Orchestra from 1954–1977—and Andrea de Lancie, he has Christina. I was dyslexic, but at the time, not a word, used. What was used was "mildly retarded" or "slow". Being dyslexic, he struggled with reading difficulties throughout his school years. One of his teachers recommended to his parents to encourage him to consider a career as an actor, he ended up winning a scholarship to the Juilliard School in New York. De Lancie portrayed a recurring character in several of the Star Trek franchise series.
He is one of the few characters appearing in multiple series of the franchise. In eight episodes of Star Trek: The Next Generation, in one episode of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine, in three episodes of Star Trek: Voyager. De Lancie's son Keegan de Lancie appeared with his father as Q's son in one episode of Star Trek: Voyager. My popularity is disproportionate to the amount of times that I was on the show.... It's a double-edged sword. I never partook of the financial rewards of the show in terms of being a regular, I just came on and once a year would do a show. De Lancie was too busy to audition for the part of "Q" but Gene Roddenberry, whom he did not know, arranged a second opportunity. De Lancie recognizes that though Star Trek was only a small part of his career, it opened doors for him. In addition to his role in Star Trek, de Lancie has appeared in many other television series, he most notably plays the voice of Discord, a recurring character in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic. Discord was inspired by de Lancie's "Q", as an omnipotent being who embodies chaos but is helpful to the heroes of the show.
He was a popular actor on Days of Our Lives as Eugene Bradford. He co-starred in Michael Piller's creation and had recurring roles in Stargate SG-1 as an NID agent, he has guest-starred in multiple television series, including Breaking Bad, The West Wing, Andromeda, The Unit, MacGyver, Law & Order: LA, Torchwood: Miracle Day, Touched by an Angel, Time Trax, the 1980s revival of Mission: Impossible, Special Unit 2, along with animated series, including The Angry Beavers, Extreme Ghostbusters, Invader Zim, Duck Dodgers, Max Steel, Young Justice, DC Super Hero Girls as Mr. Freeze. De Lancie's film credits include The Hand that Rocks the Cradle, Get Smart, Again!, The Fisher King, Bad Influence, The Onion Field, Taking Care of Business, Arcade, Woman on Top, Good Advice, The Big Time, Evolver, Reign Over Me, My Apocalypse, Crank: High Voltage, You Lucky Dog. He has been a member of the American Shakespeare Festival, the Seattle Repertory Company, South Coast Repertory, the Mark Taper Forum, the Old Globe.
De Lancie has performed and directed for Los Angeles Theater Works, the producing arm of KCRW-FM and National Public Radio, where the series The Play's the Thing originates. He appeared in Star Trek: a touring company, with Robert Picardo. De Lancie and Picardo narrate around the orchestral performance, explaining the history of the music in Star Trek, he performed Pierre Curie in Alan Alda's play, Radiance: The Passion of Marie Curie in 2001 at the Geffen Theater in Los Angeles. De Lancie voiced the characters of Antonio Malochio in Interstate'76, Trias in Planescape: Torment, Dr. Death in Outlaws, William Miles in Assassin's Creed: Revelations and Assassin's Creed III, Fitz Quadwrangle in Quantum Conundrum, Q in both the Star Trek: The Next Generation pinball game and the mobile game Star Trek Timelines, portrayed Q in Star Trek: Borg, he further voiced human emperor in Master of Orion: Conquer the Stars. He voiced Alarak in Starcraft 2: Legacy of the Void and reprised the role for Heroes of the Storm.
More he voiced Geist, the leader of the Templars in the XCOM 2 expansion, War of the Chosen. He co-wrote the Star Trek novel I, Q with Peter David, as well as co-writing the novel Soldier of Light, he wrote the DC comic book story The Gift. With Leonard Nimoy, de Lancie recorded several audio dramas based on classic science-fiction tales, under the label "Alien Voices", he has performed as narrator with a number of major orchestras including the New York Philharmonic, the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, the National Symphony Orchestra, the Montreal Symphony Orchestra and Symphony Nova Scotia. He provided the narration for the world premiere of Lorenzo Palomo's The Sneetches and Other Stories with the Oberlin Conservatory Orchestra, he has written and directed ten symphonic plays which were produced with the Milwaukee, St. Paul Chamber, Los Angeles, Pasadena Orchestras. De Lancie was the writer and host of First Nights, an adult concert series at the Walt Disney Concert Hall with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, based loosely on the book of the same name by Thomas Forrest Kelly, which explored the li
A laugh track is a separate soundtrack for a recorded comedy show containing the sound of audience laughter. In some productions, the laughter is a live audience response instead; this was invented by American sound engineer Charles "Charley" Douglass. The Douglass laugh track became a standard in mainstream television in the U. S. dominating most prime-time sitcoms from the late 1950s to the late 1970s. Usage of the Douglass laughter decreased by the 1980s when stereophonic laughter was provided by rival sound companies as well as the overall practice of single-camera sitcoms eliminating audiences altogether. Before radio and television, audiences experienced live comedy performances in the presence of other audience members. Radio and early television producers used recordings of live shows and studio-only shows attempted to recreate this atmosphere by introducing the sound of laughter or other crowd reactions into the soundtrack. Jack Dadswell, former owner of WWJB in Florida, created the first "laughing record".
In 1946, Jack Mullin brought a Magnetophon magnetic tape recorder back from Radio Frankfurt, along with 50 reels of tape. The 6.5 mm tape could record 20 minutes per reel of high-quality analog audio sound. Bing Crosby adopted the technology to pre-record his radio show, scheduled for a certain time every week, to avoid having to perform the show live, as well as having to perform it a second time for West Coast audiences. With the introduction of this recording method, it became possible to add sounds during post-production. Longtime engineer and recording pioneer Jack Mullin explained how the laugh track was invented on Crosby's show: "The hillbilly comic Bob Burns was on the show one time, threw a few of his then-extremely racy and off-color folksy farm stories into the show. We recorded it live, they all got enormous laughs, which just went on and on, but we couldn't use the jokes. Today those stories would seem tame by comparison, but things were different in radio so scriptwriter Bill Morrow asked us to save the laughs.
A couple of weeks he had a show that wasn't funny, he insisted that we put in the salvaged laughs. Thus the laugh-track was born." In early television, most shows that were not broadcast live used the single-camera filmmaking technique, where a show was created by filming each scene several times from different camera angles. Whereas the performances of the actors and crew could be controlled, live audiences could not be relied upon to laugh at the "correct" moments. CBS sound engineer Charley Douglass noticed these inconsistencies, took it upon himself to remedy the situation. If a joke did not get the desired chuckle, Douglass inserted additional laughter; this editing technique became known as sweetening, in which recorded laughter is used to augment the response of the real studio audience if they did not react as as desired. Conversely, the process could be used to "desweeten" audience reactions, toning down unwanted loud laughter or removing inappropriate applause, thus making the laughter more in line with the producer's preferred method of telling the story.
While still working for CBS, Douglass built a prototype laugh machine that consisted of a large, wooden wheel 28 inches in diameter with a reel of tape glued to the outer edge of it containing recordings of mild laughs. The machine was operated by a key that played until it hit another detent on the wheel, thus playing a complete laugh; because it was constructed on company time, CBS demanded possession of the machine when Douglass decided to terminate his time with them. The prototype machine fell apart within months of use. Douglass developed an expansion of his technique in 1953 when he began to extract laughter and applause from live soundtracks recorded, placed the recorded sounds into a huge tape machine; this basic concept was reworked as the Chamberlin Music Master, succeeded by the Mellotron. These recorded laughs could be added to single-camera filmed programs; the first American television show to incorporate a laugh track was the sitcom The Hank McCune Show in 1950. Other single-camera filmed shows, like The Pride of the Family, soon followed suit, though several, like The Trouble with Father, The Beulah Show and The Goldbergs, did not feature an audience or a laugh-track.
Four Star Playhouse, an anthology series, did not utilize a laugh-track or audience on its occasional comedy episodes, with co-producer David Niven calling the laugh track "wild indiscriminate mirth" and stating that "I shall blackball the notion if it comes up. Not that it will. We shall carry on without mechanical tricks". Soon after the rise of the laugh track, Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz devised a method of filming with a live audience using a setup of multiple film cameras; this process was employed for their sitcom I Love Lucy, which used a live studio audience and no laugh track. Multi-camera shows with live audiences sometimes used recorded laughs to supplement responses. Sketch comedy and variety shows migrated from li
Freaky Friday (1976 film)
Freaky Friday is a 1976 American fantasy-comedy film directed by Gary Nelson, with the screenplay written by Mary Rodgers based on her 1972 novel of the same name. The film stars Barbara Jodie Foster in the lead roles. John Astin, Patsy Kelly, Dick Van Patten and Sorrell Booke are featured in supporting roles. In the film, a mother and her daughter switch their bodies, they get a taste of each other's lives; the cause of the switch is left unexplained in this film, but occurs on Friday the 13th, when Ellen and Annabel, in different places, say about each other at the same time, "I wish I could switch places with her for just one day." Rodgers added a water skiing subplot to her screenplay. Freaky Friday was released theatrically in the United States on December 17, 1976, by Buena Vista Distribution; the film received positive reviews from critics with major praise drawn towards Foster and Harris’ performances and was a box office success, grossing $26 million on a $5 million budget. At the 34th Golden Globe Awards, it received three nominations: Best Actress – Comedy or Musical, Best Original Song.
Ellen Andrews and her daughter, Annabel Andrews quarrel. Following a disagreement on Thursday, before Friday the 13th, Annabel leaves to join a friend at a local diner. In sync and Ellen both wish aloud, "I wish I could switch places with her for just one day." Their wish comes true. After a brief scene where they are shocked at seeing their new appearances, both ladies proceed as each other would. Annabel is now a housewife, tending to laundry, car repair, grocery deliveries, carpet cleaners, dry cleaners, her housemaid, the family Basset hound, Max; as though Annabel did not have her hands full, Bill Andrews coerces her to cook dinner for twenty-five people as his catered dinner party plans fell through. Annabel enlists Boris, a neighbor whom she has harbored a crush, to look after her younger brother and help make a chocolate mousse but all three manage to mess everything up later saving face by making everything into a smörgåsbord. Annabel does have a bright spot with her brother, such as getting to have personal discussions with him, when she picks him up from school.
He tells her which qualities he envies about Annabel, is able to share her loathing over the housemaid, complaining about Annabel's sloppiness, confesses when he tried to be messy to connect with Annabel, the housemaid said he didn't know better and cleaned up after him. Plus, between all the talks, they play baseball; these combined situations lead to Annabel's remorse for misjudging Ben and getting a different outlook on him. Meanwhile Ellen, now a high school student, struggles with marching band, destroys her entire typing class's electric typewriters, exposes her photography class's developing film, loses a field hockey game. However, Ellen does have one bright point, in a U. S. history class where she recounts the Korean War, having lived through the 1950s as a little girl. In an effort to escape school, Ellen runs to Bill's office. There, she encounters Bill's new attractive and immodestly dressed secretary. Ellen attempts to intimidate the young woman by sharing; this effort appeared successful as the secretary adopts more modest clothing, an unflattering hairstyle.
Ellen asks Bill for access to his credit card in order to make herself over as her braces were scheduled to be removed that afternoon. Bill approves, chalks up his secretary's awkward appearance to personal problems at home as her son is sick and her husband was wounded in the Vietnam War, causing Ellen to scold herself for not trusting her husband; the day ends in a comical twist when the mother-daughter pair wishing a new request: to return to themselves. This does happen, although in a different manner than before, they are physically transferred, with Annabel sitting now behind the wheel of a car with Ben and Boris, with none of them knowing how to drive and attracting the attention of several squad cars. Ellen in turn finds herself water skiing. Bill, who has prospective clients at the aquacade, fears unemployment as he sees Ellen flailing helplessly on skis, but her antics amuse the clients so much that Bill wins the account. With a new understanding of each other's lives and daughter forgive each other.
Following the events of Freaky Friday, Annabel begins dating Boris. Bill is playing cards with Ellen, still trying to understand. Ellen and Bill are fine with Boris taking Annabel to a pizzeria for a date, Annabel surprises Ben by letting him tag along with them. Ben complains that he never gets to do fun stuff like his dad, getting ready for a business trip the following Saturday dirt biking with a Japanese motorcycle firm looking to enter the U. S. market, while Bill says Ben should be more appreciative of a worry-free childhood. Ben remarks he would love to spend one Saturday in his dad's shoes, while Bill says the same about Ben, causing Annabel and Ellen to get nervous and urge Bill and Ben to drop the matter; as they wish to switch their places, the same creepy music is heard. Ellen nervously throws her cards into the air. Barbara Harris as Ellen Andrews/Annabel Andrews Jodie Foster as Annabel Andrews/Ellen Andrews John Astin as Mr. Bill Andrews Patsy Kelly as Mrs. Schmauss Dick Van Patten as Harold Jennings Vicki Schreck as Virginia Sorrell Booke as Mr. Dilk, the Principal Sparky Marcus as Ben Andrews M
Mel Brooks is an American filmmaker, actor and composer. He is known as a creator of comedic parodies. Brooks began his career as a comic and a writer for the early TV variety show Your Show of Shows, he created, with Buck Henry, the hit television comedy series Get Smart, which ran from 1965 to 1970. In middle age, Brooks became one of the most successful film directors of the 1970s, with many of his films being among the top 10 moneymakers of the year they were released, his best-known films include The Producers, The Twelve Chairs, Blazing Saddles, Young Frankenstein, Silent Movie, High Anxiety, History of the World, Part I, Spaceballs and Robin Hood: Men in Tights. A musical adaptation of his first film, The Producers, ran on Broadway, from 2001 to 2007. In 2001, having won an Emmy, a Grammy and an Oscar, he joined a small list of EGOT winners with his Tony Award for The Producers, he received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2009, a Hollywood Walk of Fame star in 2010, the 41st AFI Life Achievement Award in June 2013, a British Film Institute Fellowship in March 2015, a National Medal of Arts in September 2016, a BAFTA Fellowship in February 2017.
Three of his films ranked in the American Film Institute's list of the top 100 comedy films of the past 100 years, all of which ranked in the top 15 of the list: Blazing Saddles at number 6, The Producers at number 11, Young Frankenstein at number 13. Brooks was married to the actress Anne Bancroft from 1964 until her death in 2005, their son Max Brooks is an actor and author, known for his novel World War Z: An Oral History of the Zombie War. Brooks was born Melvin Kaminsky on June 28, 1926, in Brooklyn, New York, to Max and Kate Kaminsky, grew up in Williamsburg, his father's family were German Jews from Danzig. He had three older brothers: Irving and Bernie. Brooks' father died of kidney disease at 34, he has said of his father's death, "There's an outrage there. I may be angry at God, or at the world, for that, and I'm sure a lot of my comedy is based on hostility. Growing up in Williamsburg, I learned to clothe it in comedy to spare myself problems—like a punch in the face."Brooks was a small, sickly boy, bullied and teased by his classmates because of his size.
He grew up in tenement housing. At age 9, Brooks went to a Broadway show with his uncle Joe—a taxi driver who would drive the Broadway doormen back to Brooklyn for free and was given the tickets in gratitude—and saw Anything Goes with William Gaxton, Ethel Merman and Victor Moore at the Alvin Theater. After the show, he told his uncle that he was not going to work in the garment district like everyone else but was going into show business; when Brooks was 14 he gained employment as a pool tummler. Brooks kept his guests amused with his crazy antics. In a Playboy interview Brooks explained that one day he stood at the edge of a diving board wearing a large overcoat and 2 suitcases full of rocks who announced: "Business is terrible! I can't go on!" before jumping clothed into the pool. He was taught by Buddy Rich how to play the drums and started to earn money as a musician when he was 14. During Brooks' time as a drummer he was given his first opportunity as a comedian at the age of 16 following an ill emcee.
During his teens, Melvin Kaminsky changed his name to Mel Brooks. After being confused with the trumpeter Max Kaminsky. After attending Abraham Lincoln High School for a year, Brooks graduated from Eastern District High School with the intention of studying at Brooklyn College as a psychology major. However, Brooks was drafted into the army in 1944, where he tested into the elite Army Specialized Training Program and was sent to the Virginia Military Institute to be taught skills such as military engineering; when the ASTP was disbanded in May, 1944, Brooks underwent basic training at Oklahoma. He served in the United States Army as a corporal in the 1104 Engineer Combat Battalion, 78th Infantry Division, defusing land mines as the allies advanced into Germany during World War II; as World War II came to an end Mel Brooks took part in organizing shows for Germans and for American soldiers. After the war, Brooks started working in various Borscht Belt resorts and nightclubs in the Catskill Mountains as a drummer and pianist.
After a regular comic at one of the nightclubs was too sick to perform one night, Brooks started working as a stand-up comic, telling jokes and doing movie-star impressions. He began acting in summer stock in Red Bank, New Jersey, did some radio work, he worked his way up to the comically aggressive job of tummler at Grossinger's, one of the Borscht Belt's most famous resorts. Brooks found more rewarding work behind the scenes. In 1949 his friend Sid Caesar hired Brooks to write jokes for the NBC series The Admiral Broadway Revue, paying him $50 a week. In 1950 Caesar created the revolutionary variety comedy series Your Show of Shows and hired Brooks as a writer along with Carl Reiner, Neil Simon, Danny Simon, head writer Mel Tolkin; the show was an immediate hit and has been influential to all variety and sketch-comedy TV shows since. Reiner, as creator of The Dick Van Dyke Show, based Morey Amsterdam's character Buddy Sorell on Brooks; the film My Favorite Year is loosely based on Brooks' experiences as a writer on