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Getica

De origine actibusque Getarum abbreviated Getica, written in Late Latin by Jordanes in or shortly after 551 AD, claims to be a summary of a voluminous account by Cassiodorus of the origin and history of the Gothic people, now lost. However, the extent to which Jordanes used the work of Cassiodorus is unknown, it is significant as the only remaining contemporaneous resource that gives the full story of the origin and history of the Goths. Another aspect of this work is the customs of the Slavs; the Getica begins with a geography/ethnography of the North of Scandza. He lets the history of the Goths commence with the emigration of Berig with three ships from Scandza to Gothiscandza, in a distant past. In the pen of Jordanes, Herodotus' Getian demi-god Zalmoxis becomes a king of the Goths. Jordanes tells how the Goths sacked "Troy and Ilium" just after they had recovered somewhat from the war with Agamemnon, they are said to have encountered the Egyptian pharaoh Vesosis. The less-fictional part of Jordanes' work begins when the Goths encounter Roman military forces in the 3rd century AD.

The work concludes with the defeat of the Goths by the Byzantine general Belisarius. Jordanes concludes the work by stating that he writes to honour those who were victorious over the Goths after a history of 2030 years; because the original work of Cassiodorus has not survived, the work of Jordanes is one of the most important sources for the period of the migration of the European tribes, the Ostrogoths and Visigoths in particular, from the 3rd century AD. Cassiodorus had claimed to have the Gothic "folk songs" — carmina prisca — as an important source, its main purpose was to give the Gothic ruling class a glorious past, to match the past of the senatorial families of Roman Italy. Jordanes stated. A controversial passage identifies the ancient people of Venedi mentioned by Tacitus, Pliny the Elder and Ptolemy, with the Slavs of the 6th century; as early as 1844, it has been used by eastern European scholars to support the idea of the existence of a Slavic ethnicity long before the last phase of the Late Roman period.

Others have rejected this view, based on the absence of concrete archaeological and historiographical data. The book is important to some medieval historians because it mentions the campaign in Gaul of one Riothamus, "King of the Brettones,", a possible source of inspiration for the early stories of King Arthur. One of the major questions concerning the historicity of the work is whether the identities mentioned are as ancient as stated or date from a time; the evidence allows a wide range of views, the most skeptical being that the work is mythological, or if Jordanes did exist and is the author, that he describes peoples of the 6th century only. According to the latter, his main source's credibility is questionable for a number of reasons. First, the originality of his main source, Cassiodorus, is debatable because large part of it consists of culling of ancient Greek and Latin authors for descriptions of peoples who might have been Goths. Not only that but it seems that Jordanes has distorted Cassiodorus's narrative by presenting us a cursory abridgement of the latter, mixed with 6th century ethnic names.

Some scholars claim, that while acceptance of Jordanes at face value may be too naive, a skeptical view is not warranted. For example, Jordanes says that the Goths originated in Scandinavia 1490 BC. Austrian historian Herwig Wolfram, believes that there might be a kernel of truth in that claim, if we assume that a clan of the Gutae left Scandinavia long before the establishment of the Amali in the leadership of the Goths; this clan might have contributed to the ethnogenesis of the Gutones in east Pomerania. Another example is the name of the king Cniva which David S. Potter thinks is genuine because, since it doesn't appear in the fictionalized genealogy of Gothic kings given by Jordanes, he must have found it in a genuine 3rd-century source. Danish scholar Arne Søby Christensen on the other hand claims that the Getica was an fabricated account, that the origin of the Goths in the book is a construction based on popular Greek and Roman myths as well as a misinterpretation of recorded names from Northern Europe.

The purpose of this fabrication, according to Christensen, was to establish a glorious identity for the peoples that had gained power in post-Roman Europe. Canadian scholar Walter Goffart suggests another incentive: Getica was part of a conscious plan by Justinian I and the propaganda machine at his court, he wanted to affirm that Goths did not belong to the Roman world, thus justifying the claims of the Eastern Roman Empire to the western part of the latter. A manuscript of the text was rediscovered in Vienna in 1442 by the Italian humanist Enea Silvio Piccolomini, its editio princeps was issued in 1515 by Konrad Peutinger, followed by many other editions. The classic edition is that of 19th-century German classical scholar Theodor Mommsen; the best surviving manuscript was the Heidelberg manuscript, written in Heidelberg, Germany in the 8th century, but this was destroyed in a fire at Mommsen's house on July 7, 1880. Subsequently, another 8th-century manuscript was discovered, containing chapters I to XLV, is now the'Codice Basile' at the Archivio di Stato in Palermo.

The next of the manuscripts in historical value are the Vaticanus Palatinus of the 10th century, the Valenciennes manu

Eucalyptus semota

Eucalyptus semota known as marymia mallee, is a species of mallee or small tree, endemic to a small area in central Western Australia. It has rough, flaky to fibrous bark on the trunk, smooth grey or brown bark above, linear to narrow lance-shaped leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and conical to cup-shaped fruit. Eucalyptus semota is a tree or mallee that grows to a height of 8 m and forms a lignotuber, it has rough, flaky to fibrous, grey to black bark on some or all of the trunk, smooth grey to brown bark above. Young plants and coppice regrowth have stems that are square in cross-section and dull greyish green, narrow lance-shaped leaves that are 50–100 mm long and 5–13 mm wide. Adult leaves are the same shade of glossy dark green on both sides, linear to narrow lance-shaped, 60–90 mm long and 4–12 mm wide, tapering to a petiole 4–13 mm long; the flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven or nine on a flattened peduncle 5–11 mm long, the individual buds on pedicels 1–2 mm long.

Mature buds are cylindrical to oval, 4–6 mm long and 3–5 mm wide with a conical to flattened hemispherical operculum. The flowers are white and the fruit is a woody, conical to cup-shaped capsule 4–5 mm long and wide with the valves below rim level. Eucalyptus semota was forst described in 1996 by Carol J. Macpherson and Peter M. Grayling from specimens collected by Macpherson near Marymia Hill north east of Kumarina; the specific epithet is from the Latin word semotus meaning "remote", referring to the geographic isolation of this species from its near relatives in the series Loxophlebae. Marymia mallee is known from three separate population between Marymia Hill and Kumarina where it grows in clay soils in gullies; this eucalypt is classified as "Priority One" by the Government of Western Australia Department of Parks and Wildlife, meaning that it is known from only one or a few locations which are at risk. List of Eucalyptus species

A Peaceable Kingdom

Peaceable Kingdom is an American family drama television series that aired on CBS from September 20 until November 15, 1989. The series was cancelled after only seven episodes. Peaceable Kingdom stars Lindsay Wagner as the hired managing director of the Los Angeles County Zoo, recently widowed with three children, her zoologist colleagues included David Ackroyd. Due to scheduling competition from other networks, Peaceable Kingdom was a ratings failure and CBS cancelled the series after seven episodes; the remaining episodes aired some years in syndication. The series was shot on location at Los Angeles Zoo. Lindsay Wagner as Rebecca Cafferty Melissa Clayton as Courtney Cafferty Michael Manasseri as Dean Cafferty Victor Di Mattia as Sam Cafferty David Ackroyd as Dr. Bartholomew Langley Tom Wopat as Dr. Jed McFadden Conchata Ferrell as Kate Galindo David Renan as Sequoya Ridge Kathryn Spitz as Robin Brooks and Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows A Peaceable Kingdom on IMDb A Peaceable Kingdom at TV.com