Kid Auto Races at Venice
Kid Auto Races at Venice is a 1914 American film starring Charles Chaplin in which his "Little Tramp" character makes his first appearance in a film exhibited before the public. The first film to be produced that featured the character was Mabel's Strange Predicament. Made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman, the movie portrays Chaplin as a spectator at a "baby-cart race" in Venice, Los Angeles; the spectator keeps getting in the way of the camera and interferes with the race, causing great frustration to the public and participants. The film was shot during the Junior Vanderbilt Cup, an actual race with Chaplin and Lehrman improvising gags in front of real-life spectators. Unusually the camera breaks the fourth wall to show a second camera filming, to better explain the joke. At this stage Chaplin gets in the way only of the visible camera on screen, not the actual filming camera. In so doing it takes on a spectator's viewpoint and becomes one of the first public films to show a film camera and cameraperson in operation.
In the year that the film was released, a reviewer from the silent movie periodical Bioscope wrote, "Some sensational happenings are witnessed during the contests between the baby cars, while the funny man persistently obstructs the eager cameramen in their operations." A reviewer from the silent movie periodical The Cinema noted, "Kid Auto Races struck us as about the funniest film we have seen. When we subsequently saw Chaplin in more ambitious efforts, our opinion that the Keystone Company had made the capture of their career was strengthened. Chaplin is a born screen comedian. Charlie Chaplin – The Tramp Henry Lehrman – Film Director Frank D. Williams – Cameraman Gordon Griffith – Boy Billy Jacobs – Boy Charlotte Fitzpatrick – Girl Thelma Salter – Girl By 1914, the Vanderbilt Cup had become an important automobile racing event in the United States, the 1914 event was to be held in Santa Monica, California; the city decided to sponsor a junior version of the event with several classes of engines and with age limits for the drivers.
Some classes had no engines and used a ramp to accelerate the cars in a manner similar to soap box derby races. Other classes used small engines. Chaplin's movie includes one scene shot at the bottom of the ramp used for the engineless races. There is no evidence that Junior Vanderbilt Cups were held either after the 1914 event. Actual silver cups were awarded. Charlie Chaplin filmography Kid Auto Races at Venice on IMDb Kid Auto Races at Venice at Rotten Tomatoes Kid Auto Races at Venice is available for free download at the Internet Archive Kid Auto Races at Venice is available for free download at the Internet Archive – A different version, missing the ending
The Property Man
The Property Man is a short 1914 American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring Charlie Chaplin. Charlie is in charge of stage "props" and has trouble with actors' luggage and conflicts over who gets the star's dressing room. Small caricatures on the wall indicate both the stars and the head of what can only be Charlie Chaplin with the word "PROPS" below. Once the dressing-room issue is resolved the next issue is getting everyone on stage with the correct backdrop; the order of performance, all of, seen is: The "Goo-Goo Sisters", billed as comediennes. "Sorrow" a drama performed by a woman. During the performances we see the audience reaction throughout. Backstage Charlie and an old man fight disrupting the on-stage performances; the audience breaks into a fight, a hose brought out behind the scenes ends up squirting over them. A reviewer from Bioscope wrote, "There are so many uproariously absurd situations in this Chaplin comic, all consequent upon the ardent desire of our friend'Props' to run the whole of the affairs'behind' that the vaudeville entertainment becomes one long chapter of unrehearsed happenings, much to the delight of an audience of which comical Mack Sennett forms a distinguished member."
A negative review of The Property Man came from Moving Picture World regarding some of the slapstick action in the two reels. The reviewer opined, "There are few people who don't like these Keystones, they are vulgar and touch the homely strings of our own vulgarity. They are not the best pictures for parlor entertainment, true. There is some brutality in this picture and we can't help feeling that this is reprehensible. What human being can see an old man kicked in the face and count it fun?" Charles Chaplin - The Property Man Phyllis Allen - Lena Fat Alice Davenport - Actress Charles Bennett - George Ham, Lena's husband Mack Sennett - Man in audience Norma Nichols - Vaudeville artist Joe Bordeaux - Old actor Harry McCoy - Drunk in audience Lee Morris - Man in audience List of American films of 1914 The Property Man on IMDb The Property Man on YouTube The Property Man is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Phyllis Allen was an American vaudeville and silent screen comedian who worked with Charles Chaplin, Mabel Normand, Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, Mack Sennett during a film career spanning 74 movies in the decade between 1913 and 1923. Due to her imposing demeanour and perennially haughty expression, she was quite similar in appearance to fellow screen comedian Marie Dressler. Forced Bravery Murphy's I. O. U. Peeping Pete The Riot Mother's Boy Two Old Tars Fatty at San Diego Rebecca's Wedding Day A Robust Romeo A Busy Day Love and Bullets Caught in a Cabaret The Rounders Hello, Mabel Lover's Luck Gentlemen of Nerve His Trysting Place Getting Acquainted Leading Lizzie Astray Tillie's Punctured Romance as Prison Matron/Restaurant Patron That Little Band of Gold Fatty's Plucky Pup Fickle Fatty's Fall A Submarine Pirate A Night in the Show The Adventurer Pay Day with Charles ChaplinThe Pilgrim Phyllis Allen on IMDb Phyllis Allen at AllMovie
Mutual Film Corporation was an early American film conglomerate best remembered today as the producers of some of Charlie Chaplin's greatest comedies. Founded in 1912, it was absorbed by Film Booking Offices of America, which evolved into RKO Pictures. Mutual Film Corporation was formed in 1912 by a group of American businessmen including Harry E. Aitken; the releasing and distribution company had numerous subsidiary production units, including Keystone, famed producer of comedies. Mutual is celebrated for signing Charlie Chaplin in 1916. Although he felt that the mandated tight production schedule led to those same films to become formulaic; as a result of this concern, Chaplin went with First National Pictures to have a contract that allowed him to have more flexibility production schedules so he could focus on making better films. Mutual originated with the partnership behind Western Film Exchange, founded in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in July 1906 by Harry and Roy Aitken and John R. Freuler. In 1910, Freuler would form a partnership with Chicago film distributor Samuel S. Hutchinson, founding a production entity known as the American Film Manufacturing Company.
In early 1912 when, with the Shallenberger brothers, Crawford Livingston, others as investors including Charles J. Hite, the President & CEO of Thanhouser Film Corporation, joined Freuler and Harry E. Aitken in the formation of Mutual Film; as 1912 progressed, the company included auxiliary units such as Keystone Studios Comedies, the Majestic Studios, the New York Motion Picture Company. In 1915, the workers of Keystone Studios, Kay Bee Studios and Reliance-Majestic Studio left Mutual, along with the Aitken brothers, to form the Triangle Film Corporation. Now as complete owners of the former Reliance-Majestic Studio, by 1917 the conglomerate operated as the distributor for four subsidiary studios in California, three of which were in the Los Angeles area and the other in Santa Barbara, they were Vogue Films, Inc.. Lone Star Film Company and American Film Company. Vogue Films, Inc. operated a studio at Santa Monica Boulevard and Gower street in Los Angeles producing two-reel comedy films exclusively.
Among the other subsidiaries of the New York Motion Picture Company were: 101-Bison Company, Broncho Film Company, & Domino Film Company. In 1915, the United States Supreme Court ruled in Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio that motion pictures were a form of business, not an art form, therefore not covered by the First Amendment. Shortly after this decision, cities began to pass ordinances banning the public exhibition of "immoral" films, concerning the major studios that state or federal regulations would soon follow; this ruling remained in effect until Joseph Burstyn, Inc v. Wilson in 1952 which declared that film was a legitimate artistic medium with free speech protections. In 1916, Charlie Chaplin became the highest paid entertainer in the world when he signed a contract with Mutual for a salary of $670,000 per year. Mutual built Chaplin his own studio and allowed him total freedom to make twelve two-reel films during this fruitful twelve-month period. Chaplin subsequently recognised this period of film-making as the most inventive and liberating of his career, although he had concerns that the films produced were formulaic during the length of his contract.
During 1916 and 1917, the Lone Star Film Company had Charlie Chaplin working at their studio at 1025 Lillian Way, in Hollywood. Charlie Chaplin moved on to found United Artists in 1919 with Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks. In 1918, Mutual Film Corporation ceased production. Like many other companies established at this time, Mutual was absorbed by larger corporations, in this case Film Booking Offices of America and RKO Radio Pictures. With the exception of the Chaplin films, most of the Mutual shorts and feature dramas are lost to time and decomposition. Robert S. Birchard, "Silent-Era Filmmaking in Santa Barbara" Charleston: Arcadia Publishing, 2007 ISBN 0-7385-4730-1 Mutual Film Corporation on IMDb Mutual Film Corporation at the AFI Catalog of Feature Films
Between Showers is a 1914 short film made by Keystone Studios and directed by Henry Lehrman. It starred Charlie Chaplin, Ford Sterling, Emma Clifton, Chester Conklin. Chaplin and Sterling play two young men and Rival Masher, who fight over the chance to help a young woman cross a muddy street. Sterling first offers her an umbrella he stole from a policeman, he asks her to wait for him. Chaplin comes along and offers the woman to help her cross the street as well and wait for his return. While Sterling and Chaplin go to get logs, a policeman lifts the woman across the street; when Sterling returns with the log, he is indignant that the woman did not wait for him to come back to help her cross the muddy street and demands the umbrella back. When the woman refuses, they engage in a fight which involves Chaplin. A British movie magazine, The Cinema, provided this review of Between Showers: " a screamingly funny comedy, featuring Charles Chaplin and a charming girl. All the trouble is caused by an umbrella, two men's rivalry for the favour of the lady.
Their efforts to outdo each other in gallantry create many humorous situations." Charlie Chaplin - Masher Ford Sterling - Rival Masher Chester Conklin - Policeman Edward Nolan - Chivalrous Policeman Emma Clifton - Lady in Distress Sadie Lampe - Policeman's Lady Friend Charlie Chaplin filmography Between Showers on IMDb Between Showers on YouTube Between Showers is available for free download at the Internet Archive Between Showers at AllMovie
Cruel, Cruel Love
Cruel, Cruel Love is a 1914 American comedy silent film made at the Keystone Studios and starring Charlie Chaplin. Chaplin plays a character quite different from the Little Tramp. In this short Keystone film, Chaplin is instead a rich, upper-class gentleman whose romance is endangered when his girlfriend sees him being embraced by her maid and jumps to the wrong conclusion, she angrily sends Lord Helpus away. Distraught, when Lord Helpus arrives home he is determined to end his life, he swallows what he envisions himself being tortured in Hell. Not long afterward, the girlfriend's gardener and maid explain to Minta that Lord Helpus was not flirting at all. Minta sends a note of apology to Lord Helpus. Upon reading it, Lord Helpus flies into a panic and summons an ambulance to help him before he dies from the fatal dose of poison. There is no danger of Lord Helpus expiring: His butler had stealthily switched the liquid in the glass to harmless water. Chaplin's romantic interest in this film, Minta Durfee, was the wife of fellow Keystone actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle.
Charles Chaplin - Lord Helpus/Mr. Dovey Chester Conklin - Lord Helpus' Butler Minta Durfee - The Lady Eva Nelson - Maid Cruel, Cruel Love was presumed to be a lost film for more than 50 years until a complete nitrate film copy in reasonable condition was discovered in South America. Restoration copies were made by David Shepard of Film Preservation Associates, by Lobster Films of Paris, its original two-reel format is available for sale. A reviewer from Motion Picture World wrote, "Slight in texture, but it makes a pleasing, laughable picture." List of rediscovered films Charlie Chaplin filmography The short film Cruel, Cruel Love is available for free download at the Internet Archive Cruel, Cruel Love on IMDb Cruel, Cruel Love at SilentEra Cruel, Cruel Love on YouTube Cruel, Cruel Love at Rotten Tomatoes
Keystone Studios was an early film studio founded in Edendale, California on July 4, 1912 as the Keystone Pictures Studio by Mack Sennett with backing from actor-writer Adam Kessel and Charles O. Baumann, owners of the New York Motion Picture Company; the company, referred to at its office as The Keystone Film Co. filmed in and around Glendale and Silver Lake, Los Angeles for several years, its films were distributed by the Mutual Film Corporation between 1912 and 1915. The original main building, the first enclosed film stage and studio in history, is still standing, it is located at 1712 Glendale Blvd in Echo Park, Los Angeles and is now being used as a storage facility. The studio is best remembered for the era under Mack Sennett when he created the slapstick antics of the Keystone Cops, from 1912, for the Sennett Bathing Beauties, beginning in 1915. Charlie Chaplin got his start at Keystone when Sennett hired him fresh from his vaudeville career to make silent films. Charlie Chaplin at Keystone Studios is a 1993 compilation of some of the most notable films Chaplin made at Keystone, documenting his transition from vaudeville player to true comic film actor to director.
In 1915, Keystone Studios became an autonomous production unit of the Triangle Film Corporation with D. W. Griffith and Thomas Ince. In 1917, Sennett organized his own company. Many other important actors worked at Keystone toward the beginning of their film careers, including Marie Dressler, Harold Lloyd, Mabel Normand, Roscoe Arbuckle, Gloria Swanson, Louise Fazenda, Raymond Griffith, Ford Sterling, Ben Turpin, Harry Langdon, Al St. John and Chester Conklin. Sennett, by a celebrity, departed the studio in 1917 to produce his own independent films. Keystone's business decreased after his departure, closed after bankruptcy in 1935. Much of the lighting and studio equipment from Keystone was bought by Reymond King, who started the "Award Cinema Movie Equipment" company in Venice, CA in November, 1935. "Keystone Studios" is the fictional studio in the film Swimming With Sharks. A new indie film company named Keystone Studios began in 2007, formed by a merger of Cineville films and Westlake Entertainment.
The original Keystone Studios lot was an explorable location, as well as a major plot element, in the 2011 video game L. A. Noire, published by Rockstar Games. Category:Keystone Studios films Lahue, Kalton. ISBN 978-0-7864-3610-1 Media related to Keystone Studios at Wikimedia Commons