Kirsten Smith (writer)
Kirsten "Kiwi" Smith is an American screenwriter and novelist whose credits include Legally Blonde and Ella Enchanted. She has written most of her screenplays with her screenwriter partner Karen McCullah. Most of the scripts seems to follow the girl Power movement of early 2000s. In 2008 she wrote and directed a short film, The Spleenectomy, which starred Anna Faris and was financed and produced by Glamour magazine, her first film as a non-writing producer, Whip It!, starred Ellen Page and was directed by Drew Barrymore, she produced American Virgin in 2009, starring Jenna Dewan and Rob Schneider. A native of Port Ludlow, she moved to Los Angeles in 1988 to attend Occidental College. There, she studied English and Film, got an internship at CineTel Films, an independent film company. Planning on pursuing poetry and academia as a career, she began working for CineTel reading scripts and writing coverage for them; this led to a full-time job there as a Director of Development in 1995. One of the scripts she happened to read and cover was written by Karen Lutz, an aspiring writer living in Denver, Colorado.
The two women formed a friendship over the phone, when Lutz came to Los Angeles, they met in person, began writing their first script on cocktail napkins that night. That script never sold, but it inspired the women to write together again, they embarked on a teen comedy called 10 Things I Hate About You, inspired by William Shakespeare's Taming of the Shrew. Smith got her official start as a screenwriter in 1997 by selling 10 Things I Hate About You as a spec screenplay. Shortly thereafter, the movie was green-lit, starring then-unknowns Heath Ledger and Julia Stiles, it was shot in Tacoma, near Smith's hometown. Smith went on to co-write Legally Blonde, nominated for two Golden Globes. Costing only $18M to produce, the movie was a surprise hit, grossing $20M in its opening weekend in July 2001, going on to make over $140M worldwide, it spawned a sequel and a successful Broadway musical, a based on Smith and Lutz’s screenplay. Smith wrote in the game episode. Smith followed that with Ella Enchanted, starring Anne Hathaway, She's the Man, a DreamWorks update of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night, starring Amanda Bynes.
In 2008 she co-wrote and executive produced The House Bunny, starring Anna Faris, produced by Adam Sandler’s Happy Madison Productions. It grossed just shy of $50M domestically, her latest credit is The Ugly Truth, directed by Legally Blonde collaborator Robert Luketic and starring Katherine Heigl and Gerard Butler.” Having published more than 40 poems in various literary magazines in the 1990s, Smith published her first novel-in-verse, The Geography of Girlhood, in 2006. The coming-of-age story of a teenage girl growing up in the Pacific Northwest, it contains a smattering of the poems Smith wrote and published in her early twenties; the Geography of Girlhood - ISBN 978-0-316-01735-0 Trinkets 10 Things I Hate About You - an adaptation of William Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew set in a modern American high school Legally Blonde - screen adaptation of Amanda Brown's novel Legally Blonde Ella Enchanted - screen adaptation of Gail Carson Levine's 1997 novel Ella Enchanted She's the Man - an adaptation of William Shakespeare's play Twelfth Night, or What You Will.
The House Bunny The Ugly Truth One for the Money - film adaptation of Janet Evanovich's 1994 novel One for the Money. A remake of Nine to Five Kirsten Smith on IMDb kiwilovesyou.com, the personal homepage
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
Brian Medavoy is an American talent manager and television producer. He is the son of Mike Medavoy. Medavoy began his career in 1985 in the mail room at the Creative Artists Agency, he moved to ICM Partners' mail room and became the assistant to acclaimed talent agent Ed Limato. In 1990, he co-founded More Medavoy Management with his partner Erwin More; the company grew managing Bill Bellamy, Jason Biggs, Bon Jovi, Mariah Carey, Morris Chestnut, Jenna Elfman, Jimmy Fallon, Melissa Gilbert, Mariska Hargitay, Lucy Lawless, Howie Long, Marlee Matlin, Jenny McCarthy, Patrick Swayze, Cicely Tyson, Maria Bello, Kristen Bell, Jason Bateman, Josh Brolin, Ryan Reynolds, Tobey Maguire, Peter Berg among others during operation. From 1994 until 2002, Brian Medavoy received producer credits on a slew of television movies and series including Sweet Justice, The Single Guy, Since You've Been Gone, Getting Personal, American High, Dharma & Greg and Just Shoot Me!. In 1999, More Medavoy Management merged with Susan Bymell and Evelyn O'Neill becoming the Talent Entertainment Group.
It was while working at Talent Entertainment Group that Brian Medavoy received an Emmy for his work on American High. After a hiatus and Erwin More joined forces again in 2014 with a client roster that included Paula Patton, Neal McDonough, Bella Heathcote, Kristoffer Polaha, Reno Wilson, Michael Beach, Ben Koldyke and Eric Balfour. Brian Medavoy on IMDb Official Website Official Tubefilter Article
Reginald "Reggie" C. Hayes is an American actor and director, he is best known for his role as William Dent on Girlfriends. Reginald Hayes was born on July 1969 in Chicago, Illinois; as the youngest of four, he had to continuously work hard to keep up with his siblings. Reggie always had an interest in the arts, but was obliged to attend the “Northwestern Military Naval Academy”, who recognized him as one of three “Notable Men of the Academy.” After the Academy, Reggie’s love for acting inspired him to attend Illinois State University, where he obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Theater. In 2004, he won the “Outstanding Young Alumni Award” and was a member of the “Illinois Shakespeare Festival.” Reggie is an avid supporter of his community and worked alongside his sister at various events for a charity dear to his heart, the “Reginald and Frances Hayes H. O. P. E. Scholarship Award”, he made a surprise appearance at the University of Illinois in 2009 to present scholarships to deserving students. Reggie continues to help charities with missions he is passionate about in the hope of creating positive change.
Reggie is best known for his role as William Dent on BET/UPN/CW’s hit T. V. show “Girlfriends” that aired for 8 years until 2008. It earned him the “Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series” for three NAACP Image Awards, People Magazine’s “Sexiest Man Alive” in 2007. Reggie went on to appear in several other movies and T. V. shows, including Criminal Minds, Will & Grace and NCIS. After a short career break, Hayes teamed up with Key Entertainment to launch his new brand. Actor Reginald C. Hayes was among the first to be recognized as one of three "Notable Men of the Academy" from St. John's Northwestern Military Academy on May 28, 2011. Chicago productions of "Chicago Conspiracy Trial" "A Raisin in the Sun" The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts "Hellcab Does Christmas" "Bang the Drum Slowly" "Othello" "Five Times Noh" "Any Place but Here" "Less Than Equal" "Native Speech" "No One Goes Mad" "Inspecting Carol" "Richard II" Numerous other Shakespeare productions. Reggie Hayes on IMDb Reggie Hayes's biography on filmbug Sexiest Man Alive 2007 Cinemax FEMME FATALES episode guide Instagram @reggieh69
In a modern sense, comedy refers to any discourse or work intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter in theatre, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment. The origins of the term are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters; the theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a dramatic performance which pits two groups or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old." A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, is left with little choice but to take recourse in ruses which engender dramatic irony which provokes laughter.
Satire and political satire use comedy to portray persons or social institutions as ridiculous or corrupt, thus alienating their audience from the object of their humor. Parody subverts popular genres and forms, critiquing those forms without condemning them. Other forms of comedy include screwball comedy, which derives its humor from bizarre, surprising situations or characters, black comedy, characterized by a form of humor that includes darker aspects of human behavior or human nature. Scatological humor, sexual humor, race humor create comedy by violating social conventions or taboos in comic ways. A comedy of manners takes as its subject a particular part of society and uses humor to parody or satirize the behavior and mannerisms of its members. Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love; the word "comedy" is derived from the Classical Greek κωμῳδία kōmōidía, a compound either of κῶμος kômos or κώμη kṓmē and ᾠδή ōidḗ.
The adjective "comic", which means that which relates to comedy is, in modern usage confined to the sense of "laughter-provoking". Of this, the word came into modern usage through the Latin comoedia and Italian commedia and has, over time, passed through various shades of meaning; the Greeks and Romans confined their use of the word "comedy" to descriptions of stage-plays with happy endings. Aristotle defined comedy as an imitation of men worse than the average. However, the characters portrayed in comedies were not worse than average in every way, only insofar as they are Ridiculous, a species of the Ugly; the Ridiculous may be defined as a deformity not productive of pain or harm to others. In the Middle Ages, the term expanded to include narrative poems with happy endings, it is in this sense that Dante used the term in the title of La Commedia. As time progressed, the word came more and more to be associated with any sort of performance intended to cause laughter. During the Middle Ages, the term "comedy" became synonymous with satire, with humour in general.
Aristotle's Poetics was translated into Arabic in the medieval Islamic world, where it was elaborated upon by Arabic writers and Islamic philosophers, such as Abu Bischr, his pupils Al-Farabi and Averroes. They disassociated comedy from Greek dramatic representation and instead identified it with Arabic poetic themes and forms, such as hija, they viewed comedy as the "art of reprehension", made no reference to light and cheerful events, or to the troubling beginnings and happy endings associated with classical Greek comedy. After the Latin translations of the 12th century, the term "comedy" gained a more general meaning in medieval literature. In the late 20th century, many scholars preferred to use the term laughter to refer to the whole gamut of the comic, in order to avoid the use of ambiguous and problematically defined genres such as the grotesque and satire. Starting from 425 BCE, Aristophanes, a comic playwright and satirical author of the Ancient Greek Theater, wrote 40 comedies, 11 of which survive.
Aristophanes developed his type of comedy from the earlier satyr plays, which were highly obscene. The only surviving examples of the satyr plays are by Euripides, which are much examples and not representative of the genre. In ancient Greece, comedy originated in bawdy and ribald songs or recitations apropos of phallic processions and fertility festivals or gatherings. Around 335 BCE, Aristotle, in his work Poetics, stated that comedy originated in phallic processions and the light treatment of the otherwise base and ugly, he adds that the origins of comedy are obscure because it was not treated from its inception. However, comedy had its own Muse: Thalia. Aristotle taught that comedy was positive for society, since it brings forth happiness, which for Aristotle was the ideal state, the final goal in any activity. For Aristotle, a comedy did not need to involve sexual humor. A comedy is about the fortunate rise of a sympathetic character. Aristotle divides comedy into three categories or subgenres: farce, romantic comedy, satire.
On the contrary, Plato taught. He believed that it produces an emotion that overrides ra
Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Vivica A. Fox
Vivica Anjanetta Fox is an American actress and television host. Fox began her career with roles on the daytime television soap operas Days of Our Lives and Generations, subsequently shifting to the prime-time slot starring opposite Patti LaBelle, in the NBC sitcom Out All Night. Fox's breakthrough came in 1996, with roles in two box-office hit films, Roland Emmerich's Independence Day and F. Gary Gray's Set It Off. Fox has starred in films Booty Call, Soul Food, Why Do Fools Fall in Love, Kingdom Come, Two Can Play That Game, Boat Trip. Fox played Vernita Green in Kill Bill, played supporting parts in films like Ella Enchanted. Fox had the leading roles in the short-lived Fox sitcom Getting Personal, CBS medical drama City of Angels. From 2003 to 2006, she co-starred in and produced the Lifetime crime drama series, for which she received NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series. Fox has produced a number of straight-to-video films. Fox was born in South Bend, the daughter of Everlyena, a pharmaceutical technician, William Fox, a private school administrator.
She has Native American ancestry. Her parents relocated to the Indianapolis, area soon after her birth. Fox is a 1982 graduate of Arlington High School in Indianapolis and Golden West College in Huntington Beach, with an AA degree in Social Sciences. In 1988, Fox relocated to California. While in California she started acting professionally, first on the NBC daytime soap opera Days of Our Lives in 1988 playing Carmen Silva. After making her debut as a hooker in Oliver Stone's war drama film Born on the Fourth of July, she was cast as Emily Franklin in the pilot episode of ABC comedy series, Living Dolls, a spin-off of the sitcom Who's the Boss? but was replaced with Halle Berry for the remaining episodes. That year, Fox was cast as Maya Reubens, the leading character, in the NBC daytime soap opera Generations; the series was groundbreaking in that it was the first soap opera to feature from its inception an African-American family. In the early 1990s, Fox began appearing in prime time television, playing guest starring roles on The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Beverly Hills, 90210, Family Matters and Martin.
In 1992, she was cast as Patti LaBelle's fashion designer daughter, Charisse Chamberlain, on the NBC sitcom Out All Night. In addition to her role, she returned to soap operas with role of Dr. Stephanie Simmons on CBS' The Young and the Restless during 1994–95. In 1995, she had a cameo role in the comedy film Don't Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood. In 1996, Fox played Will Smith's character's girlfriend, Jasmine Dubrow, in the epic science fiction disaster blockbuster Independence Day, directed by Roland Emmerich; the film grossed over $800 million worldwide. Fox received an MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss with Smith, was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress; that year, she played Francesca'Frankie' Sutton in the crime action film Set It Off opposite Jada Pinkett Smith, Queen Latifah and Kimberly Elise. Directed by F. Gary Gray, Set It Off became a critical and box office success, grossing over $41 million against a budget of $9 million. In 1997, Fox starred in three movies: a Columbia Pictures' comedy opposite Jamie Foxx.
The latter was a major box office success. For her role, Fox received her first NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture nomination, MTV Movie Award for Best Performance. In 1998, Fox starred alongside Halle Berry, Lela Rochon and Larenz Tate in the romantic drama film Why Do Fools Fall in Love, playing one of the three wives of singer Frankie Lymon; the following year, she appeared in stoner comedy horror Idle Hands, Teaching Mrs. Tingle with Helen Mirren. Fox had additional leading roles on television, she takes a leave of absence on Out All Night to starred opposite Arsenio Hall in the short-lived ABC sitcom Arsenio in 1997, returned to Out All Night after her show was canceled. After she left the cast shortly after Out All Night ended its run in 1998, she was lead actress in the short-lived Fox sitcom Getting Personal in 1998, she played Queen of Sheba in the British television film Solomon in 1997. In 2000, she starred alongside Blair Underwood in City of Angels. In 2001, Fox had starring roles in three films.
First was a comedy-drama starring LL Cool J, Jada Pinkett Smith and Whoopi Goldberg. She played the lead in the romantic comedy Two Can Play That Game, had supporting role in the independent comedy-drama Little Secrets. In 2002, she starred alongside Miguel A. Núñez Jr. in Juwanna Mann, with Cuba Gooding Jr. in Boat Trip. In 2003, Quentin Tarantino cast her. From 2004 to 2006, Fox starred as FBI special agent Nicole Scott and co-produced the Lifetime television crime drama series, Missing, she received NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Drama Series for her role in 2006. In the 2000s, she produced several films, include Motives, The Salon, Getting Played and Three Can Play That Game. From 2007 to 2009, she had the recurring role in the HBO comedy series, Curb Your Enthusiasm as a mother of a family displaced by a hurricane and taken in by Larry and Cheryl. Fox was a judge on The WB's talent show The Starlet. Fox participated in the third season of ABC's hit television show, Dancing with the Stars, she was voted off after the fourth week.
In 2009, F