Henry Heth was a career United States Army officer who became a Confederate general in the American Civil War. He is generally blamed for starting the Battle of Gettysburg by sending half his division into the town before the rest of the army was fully prepared. Later in the day, Confederate troops succeeded in routing a Union corps, Heth continued to command his division during the remainder of the war and briefly took command of the Third Corps in April 1865 after the death of General Hill. Heth surrendered with the rest of Lees army on April 9, Henry Heth was born at Black Heath in Chesterfield County, son of United States Navy Captain John Heth, and Margaret L. Pickett. He was a cousin of George Pickett, Heth graduated from the United States Military Academy at the bottom of his class in 1847, he was wounded at West Point in 1846 with a bayonet stab to his leg. He was commissioned a second lieutenant and assigned to the 1st Infantry Regiment. His antebellum career was served primarily in western posts, some as a quartermaster and he was serving as a first lieutenant in the 6th Infantry when John C.
Symmes III refused a captaincy in the new 10th Infantry on March 3,1855 and he played a prominent role in the 1855 Battle of Ash Hollow, leading a company of mounted infantry against the Lakota. In 1858, he created the first marksmanship manual for the Army, after the war began at Fort Sumter, Heth resigned from the U. S. Army and joined the Confederate States Army. He spent the remainder of 1861 in the Kanawha Valley in western Virginia in the 5th and 45th Virginia Infantry regiments and he was promoted to brigadier general on January 6,1862. In the Spring of 1862 Heth was in command of the Army of the New River, Heths diminutive force held off the forces of General Jacob D. Cox in the Action at Giles Courthouse and pursued the enemy to Lewisburg, where Heth was forced to withdraw. The actions were critical to keeping federal forces tied up and out of the Valley of Virginia while Stonewall Jackson was conducting his own campaign 120 miles to the North and he was sent west to the Department of East Tennessee, to serve under Edmund Kirby Smith.
In March 1863, Lee brought Heth back into his command and he assumed temporary command of the division when Hill was wounded. Following the death of Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson, Lee reorganized his army into three corps, promoting Hill to the Third Corps, Heth retained his division command and was promoted to major general on May 24,1863. Heths division made history by starting the Battle of Gettysburg. Marching east from Cashtown on July 1,1863, Heth sent two brigades ahead in a reconnaissance in force and his memoirs referred to sending them in a search of shoes in Gettysburg, but some historians consider this an apocryphal story, they say Heth knew that Jubal A. Early had been in Gettysburg a few days earlier and any available shoes would have taken at that time. They consider sending two brigades on such a mission would have been wasteful, the brigades made contact with Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. John Buford and spread out into battle formation
Other notable films in Sheens career include Gandhi, The Departed, and The Amazing Spider-Man. He starred in the television series The West Wing as President Josiah Bartlet, in film, Sheen has won the Best Actor award at the San Sebastián International Film Festival for his performance as Kit Carruthers in Badlands. Willard in Apocalypse Now earned a nomination for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor, Sheen received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1989. Born and raised in the United States by immigrant parents, he adopted the stage name Martin Sheen to help him gain acting parts and he is the father of four children, all of whom are actors. Although known as an actor, Sheen has directed one film, appearing alongside sons Charlie, Sheen has narrated and directed documentary television, earning two Daytime Emmy awards in the 1980s. In addition to film and television, Sheen has been active in liberal politics, Sheen was born in Dayton, the son of Mary-Ann and Francisco Estévez Martínez. During birth, Sheens left arm was crushed by forceps, giving him limited lateral movement of that arm, both of Sheens parents were immigrants, his mother from Borrisokane, County Tipperary and his father was born in Salceda de Caselas, Spain.
After moving to Dayton in the 1930s, his father was a factory worker/machinery inspector at the National Cash Register Company, Sheen grew up on Brown Street in the South Park neighborhood, one of ten children. Due to his fathers work, the family lived in Bermuda on St. Johns Road, Martin was the first child to be born in Dayton, after the family returned from Bermuda. Sheen contracted polio as a child and had to remain bedridden for a year and his doctors treatment using Sister Kennys method helped cure him and he regained use of his legs. When he was years old, Sheens mother died. The family was able to remain together with the assistance of Holy Trinity Catholic Church in Dayton, raised as a Catholic, he graduated from Chaminade High School. At fourteen years, he organized a strike of golf caddies while working at a golf club in Dayton. He complained about the golfers, They often used obscene language in front of us and we were little boys and they were abusive. And they, for the most part, were upstanding members of the community, Sheen was drawn to acting at a young age, but his father disapproved of his interest in the field.
Despite his fathers opposition, Sheen borrowed money from a Catholic priest and moved to New York City in his early twenties and he spent two years in the Living Theatre company. It was in New York that he met the legendary Catholic activist Dorothy Day, Sheen deliberately failed the entrance examination for the University of Dayton so that he could pursue his acting career. He adopted his name, Martin Sheen, from a combination of the CBS casting director, Robert Dale Martin, who gave him his first big break
Strong Vincent was a lawyer who became famous as a U. S. Army officer during the American Civil War. He was mortally wounded leading his brigade during the fighting at Little Round Top on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Vincent was born in Waterford, son of iron foundryman B. B and he attended Trinity College and Harvard University, graduating in 1859. He practiced law in Erie, Pennsylvania, at the start of the American Civil War, Vincent joined the Pennsylvania Militia as an adjutant and first lieutenant of the Erie Regiment. On September 14,1861, he was commissioned lieutenant colonel of the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry and was promoted to colonel the following June, after the death of his regimental commander in the Seven Days Battles, Vincent assumed command of the regiment. He developed malaria on the Virginia Peninsula and was on leave until the Battle of Fredericksburg in December 1862. On May 20,1863, he assumed command of the 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac, replacing his brigade commander, at the Battle of Gettysburg, 26-year-old Vincent and his brigade arrived on July 2,1863.
He had started the Gettysburg Campaign knowing that his wife, Elizabeth H. Carter. He had written her, If I fall, remember you have given your husband to the most righteous cause that ever widowed a woman. Maj. Gen. Daniel E. Sickles of the III Corps had deviated from his orders, moving his corps to a position that left undefended a significant terrain feature, a staff officer sent by Warren encountered Vincents brigade nearby. Vincent, without consulting his officers, decided that his brigade was in the ideal position to defend Little Round Top. They opened two batteries on us instantly, firing at the colors, colonel Vincent looked to see what was drawing the fire and yelled at me, Down with the flag, Norton. Damn it, go behind the rocks with it, Vincent impressed upon Chamberlain the importance of his position on the brigades left flank and he left to attend to the brigades right flank. There, the 16th Michigan Infantry was starting to yield to enemy pressure, mounting a large boulder, Vincent brandished a riding crop given to him by his wife and shouted to his men Dont give an inch.
A bullet struck him through the thigh and the groin and he fell, due to the determination of the 20th Maine, the 44th New York, the 83rd Pennsylvania and the 16th Michigan Infantry, the Union line held against the Confederate onslaught. Vincent was carried from the hill to a farm, where he lay dying for the next five days. The commander of the Army of the Potomac, Maj. Gen. George G. Meade and his corps commander, Maj. Gen. George Sykes, described Vincents actions in his official report from the battle, Vincent is buried in Erie Cemetery in Erie. He is memorialized by a statue on the 83rd Pennsylvania monument on Little Round Top, by an erected in 1997 at Blasco Memorial Library, Erie
Army of Northern Virginia
It was most often arrayed against the Union Army of the Potomac. The name Army of Northern Virginia referred to its area of operation. The Army originated as the Army of the Potomac, which was organized on June 20,1861, on July 20 and July 21, the Army of the Shenandoah and forces from the District of Harpers Ferry were added. Units from the Army of the Northwest were merged into the Army of the Potomac between March 14 and May 17,1862, the Army of the Potomac was renamed Army of Northern Virginia on March 14. The Army of the Peninsula was merged into it on April 12,1862, Robert E. Lees biographer, Douglas S. Freeman, asserts that the army received its final name from Lee when he issued orders assuming command on June 1,1862. However, Freeman does admit that Lee corresponded with Joseph E. Johnston, his predecessor in command, prior to that date. In addition to Virginians, it included regiments from all over the Confederacy, some from as far away as Georgia, the first commander of the Army of Northern Virginia was General P. G. T.
Beauregard from June 20 to July 20,1861 and his forces consisted of six brigades, with various militia and artillery from the former Department of Alexandria. During his command, Gen. Beauregard is noted for creating the flag of the army. The flag was designed due to confusion during battle between the Confederate Stars and Bars flag and the flag of the United States, the following day this army fought its first major engagement in the First Battle of Manassas. With the merging of the Army of the Shenandoah, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston took command from July 20,1861, First Corps – commanded by General P. G. T. Magruder Reserve – commanded by Maj. Gen. G. W. Smith Under the command of Johnston, on October 22,1861, the Department of Northern Virginia was officially created, officially ending the Army of the Potomac. The Department comprised three districts, Aquia District, Potomac District, and the Valley District, in April 1862 the Department was expanded to include the Departments of Norfolk and the Peninsula.
Gen. Maj. Gen. Gustavus Woodson Smith commanded the ANV on May 31,1862, with Smith seemingly having a nervous breakdown, President Jefferson Davis drafted orders to place Gen. Robert E. Lee in command the following day. In the first year of his command, Lee had two principal subordinate commanders, the right wing of the army was under the command of Lt. Gen. James Longstreet and the left wing under Lt. Gen. Thomas J. Stonewall Jackson. These wings were redesignated as the First Corps and Second Corps on November 6,1862. Following Jacksons death after the Battle of Chancellorsville, Lee reorganized the army into three corps on May 30,1863, under Longstreet, Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, and Lt. Gen. A. P. Hill. A Fourth Corps, under Lt. Gen. Richard H. Anderson, was organized on October 19,1864, on April 8,1865, the commanders of the first three corps changed frequently in 1864 and 1865
Confederate States Army
The Confederate States Army was the military ground force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. S. Military Academy and colonel of a regiment during the Mexican War. In March 1861, the Provisional Confederate Congress established a more permanent Confederate States Army, the better estimates of the number of individual Confederate soldiers are between 750,000 and 1,000,000 men. This does not include a number of slaves who were pressed into performing various tasks for the army, such as construction of fortifications. Since these figures include estimates of the number of individual soldiers who served at any time during the war. These numbers do not include men who served in Confederate naval forces, although most of the soldiers who fought in the American Civil War were volunteers, both sides by 1862 resorted to conscription, primarily as a means to force men to register and to volunteer. In the absence of records, estimates of the percentage of Confederate soldiers who were draftees are about double the 6 percent of Union soldiers who were conscripts.
Confederate casualty figures are incomplete and unreliable, one estimate of Confederate wounded, which is considered incomplete, is 194,026. These numbers do not include men who died from causes such as accidents. Other Confederate forces surrendered between April 16,1865 and June 28,1865, by the end of the war, more than 100,000 Confederate soldiers had deserted. The Confederacys government effectively dissolved when it fled Richmond in April, by the time Abraham Lincoln took office as President of the United States on March 4,1861, the seven seceding slave states had formed the Confederate States. The Confederacy seized federal property, including nearly all U. S. Army forts, Lincoln was determined to hold the forts remaining under U. S. control when he took office, especially Fort Sumter in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Under orders from Confederate President Jefferson Davis, C. S. troops under the command of General P. G. T, Beauregard bombarded Fort Sumter on April 12–13,1861, forcing its capitulation on April 14.
The Northern states were outraged by the Confederacys attack and demanded war and it rallied behind Lincolns call on April 15, for all the states to send troops to recapture the forts from the secessionists, to put down the rebellion and to preserve the Union intact. Four more slave states joined the Confederacy. The Confederate Congress provided for a Confederate army patterned after the United States Army and it was to consist of a large provisional force to exist only in time of war and a small permanent regular army. Although the two forces were to exist concurrently, very little was done to organize the Confederate regular army, the Provisional Army of the Confederate States began organizing on April 27. Virtually all regular and conscripted men preferred to enter this organization since officers could achieve a rank in the Provisional Army than they could in the Regular Army
Stephen Lang is an American actor and playwright. He started in Broadway theatre, but is widely known for his film roles in Gods and Generals, Avatar. From 2004 to 2006, he was a director of the Actors Studio. Lang was born in New York City, the youngest child of Theresa and Eugene Lang, langs mother was of German and Irish Catholic descent, while his father is Jewish. Langs paternal grandparents were Jewish immigrants from Hungary and he has two elder siblings - Jane, an attorney and activist, and David, who served as an executive at REFAC, the company their father founded in 1952. Langs father has donated much of his net worth to charity and will not leave an inheritance to his children, Lang attended school in Jamaica Estates, Queens. For high school, he attended George School, a Quaker boarding school in Newtown and he wouldve graduated in 1970, but he graduated from there early in 1969. His youngest son, received his bachelors degree during the same ceremony and he holds an Honorary Doctorate in Humane Letters from Jacksonville University and was an artist in residence at Northeastern University in 2011.
In the fall of 2015, Lang served as a Jury Member for the Woodstock Film Festival, Lang has been married to Kristina Watson, a costume designer and teacher, since June 1,1980. He played attorney David Abrams in the television series Crime Story and he played the title role in the NBC movie Babe Ruth. He played the One Armed Man in the 2000 revival of The Fugitive starring Tim Daly, the series was a modest success but lasted only one season because of its large production budget. In 1992, he was nominated for a Tony Award for his role in The Speed of Darkness. His film role in Last Exit to Brooklyn garnered him critical acclaim. On stage, he was the first to play the role of Colonel Nathan Jessup in A Few Good Men and he is the winner of over half a dozen theatre awards including the Drama Desk and Helen Hayes awards. In films, he played Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett in Gettysburg and he considers Gods and Generals to be his finest performance. Arguably, his most famous role, before Avatar, was his portrayal of the villainous Ike Clanton in the successful Western Tombstone with Kurt Russell.
Shortly before Arthur Millers death in February 2005, Lang appeared in his friends last play. Lang performed Beyond Glory, a show, for troops deployed overseas
George Gordon Meade was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer involved in the coastal construction of several lighthouses. He fought with distinction in the Second Seminole War and the Mexican–American War, during the American Civil War he served as a Union general, rising from command of a brigade to command of the Army of the Potomac. He is best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, Meades Civil War combat experience started as a brigade commander in the Peninsula Campaign and the Seven Days Battles, including the Battle of Glendale, where he was wounded severely. As a division commander, he had success at the Battle of South Mountain. His division was arguably the most successful during the assaults at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, who accompanied him throughout these campaigns. He suffered from a reputation as a man of short, violent temper who was hostile toward the press, after the war, he commanded several important departments during Reconstruction.
George Gordon Meade was born in 1815 in Cádiz and his father, a wealthy Philadelphian merchant, was serving in Spain as a naval agent for the U. S. government. He was ruined financially because of his support of Spain in the Napoleonic Wars and his family returned to the United States in 1817, in precarious financial straits. Young George attended the Mount Hope Institution in Baltimore and entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1831 and he graduated 19th in his class of 56 cadets in 1835. His brother, Richard Worsam Meade II, became a naval officer, for a year, he served with the 3rd U. S. Artillery in Florida, fighting against the Seminole Indians, before resigning from the Army and he worked as a civil engineer for the Alabama and Florida Railroad and for the War Department. On December 31,1840, he married Margaretta Sergeant, daughter of John Sergeant, finding steady civilian employment was difficult for the newly married man, so he reentered the army in 1842 as a second lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers.
After that war he was involved in lighthouse and breakwater construction and coastal surveying in Florida. He designed Barnegat Light on Long Beach Island, Absecon Light in Atlantic City, Cape May Light in Cape May, Jupiter Inlet Light in Jupiter, Florida and he designed a hydraulic lamp that was adopted by the Lighthouse Board for use in American lighthouses. He was promoted to captain in 1856, in 1857, Meade relieved Lt. Col. James Kearney on the Lakes Survey mission of the Great Lakes. Completion of the survey of Lake Huron and extension of the surveys of Lake Michigan down to Grand, prior to Captain Meades command, Great Lakes water level readings were taken locally with temporary gauges, a uniform plane of reference had not been established. In 1858, based on his recommendation, instrumentation was set in place for the tabulation of records across the basin, in 1860, the first detailed report of Great Lakes was published. Meade stayed with the Lakes Survey until the 1861 outbreak of the Civil War and he was assigned command of the 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reserves, recruited early in the war, which he led competently, initially in the construction of defenses around Washington, D. C
Robert E. Lee
Robert Edward Lee was an American general known for commanding the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War from 1862 until his surrender in 1865. During this time, he served throughout the United States, distinguished himself during the Mexican–American War, during the first year of the Civil War, Lee served as a senior military adviser to President Jefferson Davis. Once he took command of the field army in 1862 he soon emerged as a shrewd tactician and battlefield commander, winning most of his battles. Lees strategic foresight was more questionable, and both of his major offensives into Union territory ended in defeat, Lees aggressive tactics, which resulted in high casualties at a time when the Confederacy had a shortage of manpower, have come under criticism in recent years. Lee surrendered his army to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9,1865. By this time, Lee had assumed command of the remaining Southern armies. Lee rejected the proposal of an insurgency against the Union.
He urged them to rethink their position between the North and the South, and the reintegration of former Confederates into the political life. Lee became the great Southern hero of the War, an icon of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy to some. But his popularity even in the North, especially after his death in 1870. Barracks at West Point built in 1962 are named after him, Robert Edward Lee was born at Stratford Hall Plantation in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Major General Henry Lee III, Governor of Virginia, and his second wife, Anne Hill Carter. His birth date has traditionally been recorded as January 19,1807, one of Lees great grandparents, Henry Lee I, was a prominent Virginian colonist of English descent. Lees family is one of Virginias first families, descended from Richard Lee I, Esq. the Immigrant, Lees mother grew up at Shirley Plantation, one of the most elegant homes in Virginia. Lees father, a planter, suffered severe financial reverses from failed investments. Little is known of Lee as a child, he spoke of his boyhood as an adult.
Nothing is known of his relationship with his father who, after leaving his family, mentioned Robert only once in a letter. In 1811, the family, including the newly born child, moved to a house on Oronoco Street, still close to the center of town. In 1812, Harry Lee was badly injured in a riot in Baltimore
The Union Army was the land force that fought for the Union during the American Civil War,1861 to 1865. It included the permanent regular army of the United States, which was augmented by numbers of temporary units consisting of volunteers as well as conscripts. The Union Army fought and eventually defeated the Confederate Army during the war, at least two and a half million men served in the Union Army, almost all were volunteers. About 360,000 Union soldiers died from all causes,280,000 were wounded and 200,000 deserted. When the American Civil War began in April 1861, there were only 16,000 men in the U. S. Army, and of these many Southern officers resigned and joined the Confederate army. The U. S. Army consisted of ten regiments of infantry, four of artillery, Lincolns call forced the border states to choose sides, and four seceded, making the Confederacy eleven states strong. The war proved to be longer and more extensive than anyone North or South had expected, the call for volunteers initially was easily met by patriotic Northerners and even immigrants who enlisted for a steady income and meals.
Over 10,000 Germans in New York and Pennsylvania immediately responded to Lincolns call, as more men were needed, the number of volunteers fell and both money bounties and forced conscription had to be turned to. Nevertheless, between April 1861 and April 1865, at least two and a million men served in the Union Army, of whom the majority were volunteers. It is a misconception that the South held an advantage because of the percentage of professional officers who resigned to join the Confederate army. At the start of the war, there were 824 graduates of the U. S, Military Academy on the active list, of these,296 resigned or were dismissed, and 184 of those became Confederate officers. Of the approximately 900 West Point graduates who were civilians,400 returned to the Union Army and 99 to the Confederate. Therefore, the ratio of Union to Confederate professional officers was 642 to 283, the South did have the advantage of other military colleges, such as The Citadel and Virginia Military Institute, but they produced fewer officers.
The Union Army was composed of numerous organizations, which were generally organized geographically, Military Division A collection of Departments reporting to one commander. Military Divisions were similar to the modern term Theater, and were modeled close to, though not synonymous with. Department An organization that covered a region, including responsibilities for the Federal installations therein. Those named for states usually referred to Southern states that had been occupied and it was more common to name departments for rivers or regions. District A subdivision of a Department, there were Subdistricts for smaller regions
John F. Reynolds
John Fulton Reynolds was a career United States Army officer and a general in the American Civil War. One of the Union Armys most respected senior commanders, he played a key role in committing the Army of the Potomac to the Battle of Gettysburg and was killed at the start of the battle. Reynolds was born in Lancaster, one of nine surviving children of John Reynolds, two of his brothers were James LeFevre Reynolds, Quartermaster General of Pennsylvania, and Rear Admiral Will Reynolds. Prior to his training, Reynolds studied in nearby Lititz. Next he attended a school in Long Green, Reynolds was nominated to the United States Military Academy in 1837 by Senator James Buchanan, a family friend, and graduated 26th of 50 cadets in the class of 1841. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 3rd U. S. Artillery. From 1842 to 1845 he was assigned to St. Augustine, during the war, he became friends with fellow officers Winfield Scott Hancock and Lewis A. Armistead. On his return from Mexico, Reynolds was assigned to Fort Preble, New Orleans and Fort Lafayette, New York.
He was next sent west to Fort Orford, Oregon, in 1855, and participated in the Rogue River Wars of 1856 and the Utah War with the Mormons in 1857-58. He was the Commandant of Cadets at West Point from September 1860 to June 1861, while serving as an instructor of artillery, cavalry. During his return from the West, Reynolds became engaged to Katherine May Hewitt, soon after the start of the Civil War, Reynolds was offered the position as aide-de-camp to Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott, but declined. While in transit, his orders were changed to report to Cape Hatteras Inlet, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan intervened with the Secretary of War to get his orders changed once again, assigning him to the newly formed Army of the Potomac. His first assignment was with a board that examined the qualifications of volunteer officers, as McClellans army moved up the Virginia Peninsula in the 1862 Peninsula Campaign, Reynolds occupied and became military governor of Fredericksburg, Virginia. His brigade was ordered to join the V Corps at Mechanicsville.
The Confederate attack continued on June 27 and Reynolds, exhausted from the Battle of Gaines Mill, thinking he was in a place of relative safety, he fell asleep and was not aware that his retreating troops left him behind. He was extremely embarrassed when brought before the Confederate general of the troops, D. H. Hill was an Army friend. Hill allegedly told him, Reynolds, do not feel so bad about your capture, Reynolds was transported to Richmond and held at Libby Prison, but was quickly exchanged on August 15. Upon his return, Reynolds was given command of the Pennsylvania Reserves Division, whose commander, the V Corps joined the Army of Virginia, under Maj. Gen. John Pope, at Manassas
One of his most notable roles is Harry Dunne in the buddy comedy Dumb and Dumber opposite Jim Carrey, a role he reprised in the 2014 sequel Dumb and Dumber To. He received Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor for his performances in The Purple Rose of Cairo, Something Wild and The Squid, Daniels work outside of the film industry has received similar acclaim and accolades as to his work on screen. He has received a number of nominations for his work on stage, including Tony Award nominations for Best Actor for his roles in the plays God of Carnage. He is the founder and current executive director of the Chelsea, Daniels was born in Athens, Georgia, to Marjorie J. and Robert Lee Bob Daniels. He spent the first six weeks of his life in Georgia, where his father was teaching and his father owned the Chelsea Lumber Company and was a onetime mayor of Chelsea. He attended Central Michigan University and participated in the theater program. Daniels performed in New York in The Shortchanged Review at Second Stage Theatre and it was the first show of the inaugural season for Second Stage Theatre.
Daniels has starred in a number of New York productions, on and off Broadway. On Broadway, he has appeared in Lanford Wilsons Redwood Curtain, A. R. Gurneys The Golden Age and Wilsons Fifth of July, for which he was nominated for a Drama Desk Award for Best Supporting Actor. Off-Broadway, he received a Drama Desk nomination for Wilsons Lemon Sky, and he returned to the stage in 2009, appearing in Broadways God of Carnage opposite Hope Davis, James Gandolfini and Marcia Gay Harden. In 1991, he founded the Purple Rose Theatre Company, a stage company in Chelsea. Daniels has written more than a dozen plays for the company, in 2016, Daniels received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his performance in Blackbird, opposite Michelle Williams. Daniels made his debut in Miloš Formans Ragtime in 1981. His next film, the Oscar-winning Terms of Endearment, in which he played Debra Wingers callow and he garnered a Golden Globe nomination as the star of The Purple Rose Of Cairo, directed by Woody Allen.
It was the last film that inspired the name for the company he established. Daniels earned his second Golden Globe nomination for starring in Jonathan Demmes Something Wild as an unassuming businessman swept up into a night by a mysterious woman. Daniels starred in the horror–comedy Arachnophobia in 1990, the next year, Daniels starred in two films. His next notable role was as Colonel Joshua Chamberlain in Gettysburg, Daniels reprised the role of Chamberlain ten years in the prequel film Gods and Generals
Battle of Gettysburg, Second Day
During the Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee attempted to capitalize on his first days success. He launched the Army of Northern Virginia in multiple attacks on the flanks of the Union Army of the Potomac, the assaults were unsuccessful, and resulted in heavy casualties for both sides. After a short delay to assemble his forces and avoid detection in his approach march and his division under Maj. Gen. John Bell Hood attacked Little Round Top and Devils Den. To Hoods left, Maj. Gen. Lafayette McLaws attacked the Wheatfield, although neither prevailed, the Union III Corps was effectively destroyed as a combat organization as it attempted to defend a salient over too wide a front. Gen. Meade rushed as many as 20,000 reinforcements from elsewhere in his line to resist these fierce assaults. The attacks in this sector concluded with an assault by the Third Corps division of Maj. Gen. Richard H. Anderson against the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. Lees hope of crushing the Army of the Potomac on Northern territory was dashed, the VI Corps was still 30 miles away in Manchester, Maryland, on that morning.
They assumed positions in a hook shape about three miles long, from Culps Hill, around to Cemetery Hill, and down the spine of Cemetery Ridge. The Army of Northern Virginia line was parallel to the Unions, on Seminary Ridge and on an arc northwest, north. All of the Second Corps and Third Corps were present, Robert E. Lee had several choices to consider for his next move. His order of the evening that Ewell occupy Culps Hill or Cemetery Hill if practicable was not realized. Longstreet argued that this was the point of the Gettysburg campaign, to move strategically into enemy territory. Lee rejected this argument because he was concerned about the morale of his soldiers having to give up the ground for which they fought so hard the day before and he was therefore determined to attack on July 2. He desired an early-morning assault by Longstreets Corps, reinforced by Ewell, Ewell protested this arrangement, claiming his men would be demoralized if forced to move from the ground they had captured.
And Longstreet protested that his division commanded by John Bell Hood had not arrived completely, Ewells demonstration would be turned into a full-scale assault if the opportunity presented itself. Lee ordered Longstreet to launch an attack with two divisions straddling, and guiding on, the Emmitsburg Road. Hoods division would move up the side of the road, Lafayette McLawss the western side. The objective was to strike the Union Army in an attack, rolling up their left flank, collapsing the line of Union corps onto each other