The ARIA Charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The charts are a record of the highest selling albums in various genres in Australia. ARIA became the official Australian music chart in June 1988, succeeding the Kent Music Report, Australia's national charts since 1974; the Go-Set charts were Australia's first national singles and albums charts published from 5 October 1966 until 24 August 1974. Succeeding Go-Set, the Kent Music Report began issuing the national top 100 charts in Australia from May 1974; the compiler, David Kent published Australia's national charts from 1940–1974 in a retrospective fashion using state based data. In mid 1983, the Australian Recording Industry Association commenced licensing the Kent Music Report chart; the first printed national top 50 chart available in record stores, branded the Countdown chart, was dated the week ending 10 July 1983. ARIA began compiling its own charts in-house from the chart survey dated 13 June 1988, corresponding with the printed top 50 chart dated week ending 26 June 1988.
Various artists compilation albums were included in the albums chart, as they had been on the Kent Report chart, until 2 July 1989, when a separate Compilations chart was created. The ARIA Report, detailing the top 100 singles and albums charts, was first available via subscription in January 1990; the printed top 50 chart ceased publication in June 1998, but resumed publication in the year. The printed top 50 chart again ceased publication at the end of 2000; the ARIA charts are based on data collected from digital retailers in Australia. Data of physical sales come from retailers such as Sanity and JB Hi-Fi, while data of digital sales come from online retailers such as iTunes. Since 17 February 1997, all physical sales data contributing towards the chart has been recorded electronically at point of sale. In March 1991, "Do the Bartman" by The Simpsons was the first single to reach #1 in Australia, not available on 7 inch vinyl, but cassingle only. Starting from 8 October 2006, due to low physical single sales at the time, the ARIA singles chart included online data as well as physical sales.
In 2006, it was announced that the Brazin retailing group, comprising major retailers HMV, Sanity and Virgin music/DVD stores would no longer contribute sales data to the ARIA charts. However, after a five-month absence, Brazin re-commenced contributing sales figures to the ARIA Charts on 26 November 2006; the ARIA website publishes the top 50 singles and albums charts, top 40 digital tracks chart, top 20 dance singles chart. The ARIA Report is available via paid e-mail subscription each week; these reports are uploaded to the Pandora Archive periodically. On 5 February 2006, the ARIA Chart Show was a radio program launched on the Nova network and broadcast throughout Australia, playing the official ARIA top 50 singles; the live music program was hosted by Jabba each Sunday afternoon at 3:00pm. From 1 June 2013 to 3 September 2016, the Take 40 Australia radio program broadcast the official ARIA top 40 singles on Saturday afternoons from 2:00 pm to 6:00 pm, on each state's Hit Network-owned radio station.
The show was aired before the top 50 chart, dated for the following Monday, is published on the ARIA website at 6:00 pm. The charts were published online at 6:00 pm each Sunday. ARIA Top 100 Singles Chart ARIA Top 100 Albums Chart ARIA Top 100 Physical Albums Chart ARIA Top 50 Digital Tracks Chart ARIA Top 50 Digital Albums Chart ARIA Top 50 Streaming Tracks Chart ARIA Top 50 Club Tracks Chart ARIA Top 50 Catalogue Albums Chart ARIA Top 40 Urban Singles Chart ARIA Top 40 Urban Albums Chart ARIA Top 40 Country Albums Chart ARIA Top 40 Music DVDs Chart ARIA Top 25 Dance Singles Chart ARIA Top 25 Dance Albums Chart ARIA Top 20 Australian Artist Singles Chart ARIA Top 20 Australian Artist Albums Chart ARIA Top 20 Compilation Albums Chart ARIA Top 20 Jazz & Blues Albums Chart ARIA Top 20 Classical/Crossover Albums Chart ARIA Top 10 Core Classical Albums Chart ARIA Top 20 Hitseekers Singles Chart ARIA Top 20 Hitseekers Albums Chart Yearly Top 100 End of Year charts profiling the year in music End of Decade Top 100 charts profiling the decade in music Pre-2000: 2000 to present: 2006 to present: Pre-2000: 2000 to present: 2016 to present: Music of Australia List of Australian chart achievements and milestones Official website Top 50 chart archives from June 1988 at australian-charts.com Top 100 chart archives from January 2001 at Pandora Archive
Monitor Latino is a singles chart founded in 2003 which ranks songs on chart based on airplay across radio stations in Latin American countries and Hispanic radio stations in the United States using the Radio Tracking Data, LLC in real time. Monitor Latino started monitoring radio stations in Mexico and the United States in 2003; the company expanded into other Latin American markets, it monitors radio stations and issues music charts for 18 countries. In January 2012, Monitor Latino began surveying radio stations in the Dominican Republic, Ecuador and Guatemala, publishing singles chart which were only accessible to subscribers. Since 2016, their complete charts are accessible to the general public, an archive for their weekly charts after July 2014 is available on their website. Monitor Latino hosts an annual award show, held in Los Angeles, California; the company has its offices in Guadalajara, Mexico. 2017 2018 2018 2018 2018 2002-2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2018 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Monitor Latino provides a total of seventy-three Airplay charts, distributed in eighteen countries and one region and sixteen music genres.
Top 20 General Top 20 Nacional Top 20 Latino Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Nacionalidad Top 20 Pop Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Popular Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 Vallenato Top 20 Crossover Top 20 Pop Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Popular Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Bachata Top 20 Merengue Top 20 Salsa Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Pop Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 Nacionalidad Top 20 Latino Top 20 Pop Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Pop Top 20 Regional Mexicano Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 América Latina Popular Top 20 América Latina Latino Top 20 América Latina Tropical Top 20 General Top 20 Pop Top 20 Popular Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Pop Top 20 Latino Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Anglo Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Mainstream Top 20 Regional Mexicano Top 20 Pop Rhythmic Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Anglo Top 20 Oldies Top 20 General Top 20 General Top 20 Nacionalidad Top 20 Latino Top 20 Pop Top 20 Anglo Top 20 Urbano Top 20 Tradicional Top 20 Tropical Top 20 Vallenato Top 100 Mexico Official Site Charts
Patari is a Pakistani music streaming service founded in February 2015 by Khalid Bajwa, Faisal Sherjan, Iqbal Talaat Bhatti and Humayun Haroon. The site is known as the largest music streaming service in Pakistan. According to the chief creative officer of Patari, the initial plan was to create an online Pakistani drama serial portal. However, when this did not succeed, the Jang Group’s Chief Strategy Officer Faisal Sherjan, encouraged Patari's founders to focus on music instead. Bajwa said: “Our initial plan was to create an online portal for Pakistani television serials, it was only after we met with a senior media executive who encouraged us to look at music instead that we changed our original idea.” Patari was launched in February 2015 in beta version with a collection of 20,000 songs and 600 artists and was accessible only through invites and by registration, which led to an increase in access across Pakistan. “We just kept our heads down and kept working on it. Just another day in the life of a start-up we thought, the next thing we knew, it was everywhere.
People were sharing screenshots, making memes, trading tips on how to get invites and reaching out to us to tell us how much they love Pakistani music and Patari” said Khalid Bajwa. Patari was opened to public browsing on 4 September 2015. Patari launched apps for iOS and Android in August 2015, it is planning to launch a Windows OS Windows Mobile app in the near future. On 30 December 2016, Patari received a total amount of US$200,000 in seed funding from the investment firm Sarmayacar. Patari Haftanama is a Pakistani top 20 singles chart, presented every Thursday at Patari.pk. In June 2015, EMI Pakistan requested Patari to remove all its content from the website as it held the licenses for over 60,000 Pakistani artists and controlled 70% of the total music of Pakistan. Zeeshan Chaudhry, General Manager of EMI Pakistan said: “I am not against Patari. I am against any portal or platform that provides illegal music.” Patari and EMI have since resolved their differences and signed an agreement that places EMI on the Patari platform.
Patari CEO Khalid Bajwa, was accused by three members of the public. In response to this, Patari issued a statement, saying "In light of recent developments, Patari's CEO Khalid Bajwa will be stepping down from his post with immediate effect. An investigation had been underway about prior allegations." Khalid Bajwa deactivated his Twitter account. The company issued the statement that Bajwa would not remain the part of the company and stated that similar investigations were being carried out against him by the company before the public accusations. Official website
In digital electronics, analogue electronics and entertainment, the user interface of media may include media controls or player controls, to enact and change or adjust the process of watching film or listening to audio. These known symbols can be found in a multitude of software products, exemplifying what is known as dominant design; these are common icons on application software. They are found on portable media players, VCRs, DVD players, record players, remote controls, tape players and multimedia keyboards, their application is described in ISO/IEC 18035. The main symbols date back to the 1960s, with the Pause symbol having been invented at Ampex during that decade for use on reel-to-reel audio recorder controls, due to the difficulty of translating the word "pause" into some languages used in foreign markets; the Pause symbol was designed as a variation on the existing square Stop symbol and was intended to evoke the concept of an interruption or "stutter stop". In popular culture, the play triangle is arguably the most used of the media control symbols.
In many ways, the symbol has become synonymous with music culture and more broadly the digital download era. As such, there are now a multitude of items such as T-shirts and tattoos that feature this symbol. Similar cultural references can be observed with the Power symbol, popular among video gamers and technology enthusiasts. Media symbols can be found on an array of advertisements, from live music venues to streaming services. In 2012, Google rebranded its digital download store to Google Play, using a play symbol in its logo; the play symbol serves as a logo for the Google-owned video sharing site YouTube since 2017. In recent years, there has been a proliferation of devices that use media symbols in order to represent the Run/Stop/Pause functions. User interface programing pertaining to these functions has been influenced by that of media players. For example, some washers and dryers with a common illuminated play/pause button are programmed so that when the appliance is off, the play/pause light stays off.
When the device is running the light stays on, when the washer/dryer is in a paused state, the button flashes. This type of programing is similar to that of earlier CD players, which are set to flash in this manner in the pause state. Aside from appliances, there are many other instances when run/stop/pause functionality is needed and media symbols could theoretically be used instead of or in addition to words. In recent years, some exercise machine manufactures have chosen to do this. A notable difference in the use of these symbols on exercise equipment is that these machines contain an emergency stop button; this function is denoted with a red octagonal stop sign symbol, as opposed to a square, when the button may be used for emergencies. Transport bar glyphs using FontAwesome and Google Icons List of international common standards Power symbol
Germany the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north and the Czech Republic to the east and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, Luxembourg and the Netherlands to the west. Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,386 square kilometres, has a temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a decentralized country, its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport. Germany's largest urban area is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Essen; the country's other major cities are Hamburg, Cologne, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Dresden, Bremen and Nuremberg. Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815; the German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights. In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic; the Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to the establishment of a dictatorship, the annexation of Austria, World War II, the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as an independent country and two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American and French occupation zones, East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone.
Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990. Today, the sovereign state of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor, it is a great power with a strong economy. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods; as a developed country with a high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, a tuition-free university education. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993, it is part of the Schengen Area and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7, the G20, the OECD. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, musicians, film people, entrepreneurs, scientists and inventors.
Germany has a large number of World Heritage sites and is among the top tourism destinations in the world. The English word Germany derives from the Latin Germania, which came into use after Julius Caesar adopted it for the peoples east of the Rhine; the German term Deutschland diutisciu land is derived from deutsch, descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" used to distinguish the language of the common people from Latin and its Romance descendants. This in turn descends from Proto-Germanic *þiudiskaz "popular", derived from *þeudō, descended from Proto-Indo-European *tewtéh₂- "people", from which the word Teutons originates; the discovery of the Mauer 1 mandible shows that ancient humans were present in Germany at least 600,000 years ago. The oldest complete hunting weapons found anywhere in the world were discovered in a coal mine in Schöningen between 1994 and 1998 where eight 380,000-year-old wooden javelins of 1.82 to 2.25 m length were unearthed. The Neander Valley was the location where the first non-modern human fossil was discovered.
The Neanderthal 1 fossils are known to be 40,000 years old. Evidence of modern humans dated, has been found in caves in the Swabian Jura near Ulm; the finds included 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments found, the 40,000-year-old Ice Age Lion Man, the oldest uncontested figurative art discovered, the 35,000-year-old Venus of Hohle Fels, the oldest uncontested human figurative art discovered. The Nebra sky disk is a bronze artefact created during the European Bronze Age attributed to a site near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, it is part of UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme. The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Pre-Roman Iron Age. From southern Scandinavia and north Germany, they expanded south and west from the 1st century BC, coming into contact with the Celtic tribes of Gaul as well
Baden-Baden is a spa town in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-western Germany, at the north-western border of the Black Forest mountain range on the small river Oos, ten kilometres east of the Rhine, the border with France, forty kilometres north-east of Strasbourg, France. The springs at Baden-Baden were known to the Romans as Aquae and Aurelia Aquensis after M. Aurelius Severus Alexander Augustus. In modern German, Baden is a noun meaning "bathing" but Baden, the original name of the town, derives from an earlier plural form of Bad; as with the English placename "Bath", various other Badens are at hot springs throughout Central Europe. The current doubled name arose to distinguish it from the others Baden near Vienna in Austria and Baden near Zürich in Switzerland, it is a reference to the Margraviate of the territory named after the town. Baden-Baden thus means the town of Baden in the territory of Baden. Baden-Baden got its formal name in 1931. Baden-Baden lies in a valley of the Northern Black Forest in southwestern Germany.
The western districts lie within the Upper Rhine Plain. The highest mountain of Baden-Baden is the Badener Höhe, part of the Black Forest National Park; the old town lies on the side of a hill on the right bank of the Oos. Since the 19th century, the principal resorts have been located on the other side of the river. There are 29 natural springs in the area, varying in temperature from 46 to 67 °C; the water is rich in salt and flows from artesian wells 1,800 m under Florentine Hill at a rate of 341 litre per minute and is conveyed through pipes to the town's baths. Roman settlement at Baden-Baden has been dated as far back as the emperor Hadrian, but on dubious authority; the known ruins of the Roman bath were rediscovered just below the New Castle in 1847 and date to the reign of Caracalla, who visited the area to relieve his arthritic aches. The facilities were used by the Roman garrison in Strasbourg; the town fell into ruin but its church was first constructed in the 7th century. By 1112, it was the seat of the Margraviate of Baden.
The Lichtenthal Convent was founded in 1254. The margraves used Hohenbaden Castle, whose ruins still occupy the summit above the town, but they completed and moved to the New Castle in 1479. Baden suffered during the Thirty Years' War at the hands of the French, who plundered it in 1643, they returned to occupy the city in 1688 at the onset of the Nine Years' War, burning it to the ground the next year. The margravine Sibylla rebuilt the New Castle in 1697, but the margrave Louis William removed his seat to Rastatt in 1706; the Stiftskirche houses the tombs of several of the margraves. The town began its recovery in the late 18th century, serving as a refuge for émigrés from the French Revolution; the town was frequented during the Second Congress of Rastatt in 1797–99 and became popular after the visit of the Prussian queen in the early 19th century. She came for medicinal reasons, as the waters were recommended for gout, paralysis, skin disorders, stones; the Ducal government subsequently subsidized the resort's development.
The town became a meeting place for celebrities, who visited the hot springs and the town's other amenities: luxury hotels, the Spielbank Casino, horse races, the gardens of the Lichtentaler Allee. Guests included Queen Victoria, Wilhelm I, Berlioz; the pumproom was completed in 1842. The Grand Duchy's railway's mainline reached Baden in 1845. Reaching its zenith under Napoleon III in the 1850s and'60s, Baden became "Europe's summer capital". With a population of around 10 000, the town's size could quadruple during the tourist season, with the French, British and Americans all well represented; the theater was completed in 1861 and a Greek church with a gilt dome was erected on the Michaelsberg in 1863 to serve as the tomb of the teenage son of the prince of Moldavia Mihail Sturdza after he died during a family vacation. A Russian Orthodox church was subsequently erected; the casino was closed for a time in the 1870s. Just before the First World War, the town was receiving 70 000 visitors each year.
The town escaped destruction through both world wars. After World War II, Baden-Baden became the headquarters of the French occupation forces in Germany as well as of the Südwestfunk, one of Germany's large public broadcasting stations, now part of Südwestrundfunk. From 23–28 September 1981, the XIth Olympic Congress took place in Baden-Baden's Kurhaus; the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden, Germany's largest opera and concert house, opened in 1998. CFB Baden-Soellingen, a military airfield built in the 1950s in the Upper Rhine Plain, 10 km west of downtown Baden-Baden, was converted into a civil airport in the 1990s. Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden Airport, or Baden Airpark is now the second-largest airport in Baden-Württemberg by number of passengers. /* History */ Rudolf Höss was born here November 25, 1901. He was the Commandant of Auschwitz extermination camp in Poland relieved of command for impregnating a Jewish prisoner, Eleanor Hodys. Hodys was murdered by the Gestapo. Höss was executed in Poland for war crimes April 16, 1947.
In 1981 Baden-Baden hosted the Olympic Congress, which has made the town awarded the designation Olympic town. 1907–1929: Reinhard Fieser 1929–1934: Hermann Elfner 1934–1945: Hans Schwedhelm (when he was not in office because of military service, ma
The GfK SE is Germany's largest market research institute, the fourth largest market research organisation in the world, after Nielsen Company, Kantar Group and Ipsos. It was founded among them Ludwig Erhard. In April 2005 it acquired NOP World, based in the United Kingdom, the United States and Italy, rated the ninth largest market research business in the world. In May 2008 it acquired an equity stake in Deep-Packet Inspection company Qosmos in order to track and monitor Internet usage for marketing research. In December 2011, GfK acquired Knowledge Networks, based in Palo Alto, California the United States, which does online research for consumer products and services, retail and public policy. KN's Dimestore platform offers unique platform for measuring the effectiveness of digital ad campaign with simple surveys of streaming video ads, that allows real-time reporting. In 2010, the company was the fourth-largest market research company by revenue. In December 2016 the capital firm KKR announced an offer to take over the majority of GfK SE's shares.